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Número de publicaciónCN102302818 A
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudCN 201110302308
Fecha de publicación4 Ene 2012
Fecha de presentación30 Sep 2011
Fecha de prioridad30 Sep 2011
Número de publicación201110302308.8, CN 102302818 A, CN 102302818A, CN 201110302308, CN-A-102302818, CN102302818 A, CN102302818A, CN201110302308, CN201110302308.8
Inventores岳泉
Solicitante南京瀚海科技发展有限公司
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  SIPO, Espacenet
Disposable multifunctional trachea cannula
CN 102302818 A
Resumen
The invention relates to a disposable multifunctional trachea cannula which is used for assisted respiration of operation patients with general anesthesia. The trachea cannula comprises a duct, an air bag and a temperature probe, wherein the duct is used for being inserted into the trachea of a patient; the air bag is arranged at the head part of the duct and is used for sealing the gap between the duct and the trachea wall of the patient; the temperature probe is arranged on the duct at the head part of the air bag; a washing hole is formed on the outer wall of the duct at the tail part of the air bag; a washing pipe, an inflation pipe and a signal wire are arranged inside the duct wall; the washing pipe is communicated with the washing hole; the inflation pipe is communicated with the air bag; the signal wire is electrically connected with the temperature probe; a first phlegm sucking pipe is also arranged inside the duct wall; a radial through hole is formed on the duct wall between the temperature probe and the air bag; one end of the first phlegm sucking pipe is communicated with the radial through hole; and the other end of the first phlegm sucking pipe is led out from the tail part of the duct and is connected with an external negative pressure machine. By using the disposable multifunctional trachea cannula provided by the invention, phlegm in the trachea of the patient can be sucked out without drawing out the duct, thereby facilitating the operation of doctors and nurses.
Reclamaciones(4)  traducido del chino
1. 一种一次性使用多功能气管插管,包括用于插入病人气管内的导管(8),导管(8)头部装有用于封闭导管(8)与病人气管壁之间间隙的气囊⑷,气囊(4)头部的导管(8)上装有温度探头(6),气囊(4)尾部的导管(8)外壁上开有冲洗孔(3),导管(8)壁内设有冲洗管O)、充气管(1)及信号线(15),冲洗管O)与冲洗孔(3)相通,充气管(1)与气囊(4) 相通,信号线(15)与温度探头(6)电连接,其特征在于:所述导管⑶壁内还设有第一吸痰管(9),所述温度探头(6)与气囊(4)之间的导管(8)壁上开有径向通孔(5),所述第一吸痰管(9) 一端与径向通孔(¾相通,所述第一吸痰管(9)另一端从导管(8)尾部引出用于与外部负压机连接。 Airbag ⑷ 1. A disposable multifunctional endotracheal tube, comprising a catheter into a patient's trachea (8), the conduit (8) provided with a head for closing the duct (8) and the gap between the wall disease popularity , a balloon catheter (4) of the head (8) is provided with a temperature probe (6), the balloon (4) tail catheter (8) has an outer wall opened flushing hole (3), the conduit (8) are equipped with wall flush pipe O), inflatable tube (1) and signal lines (15), flush tube O) and rinsed hole (3) communicates, inflatable tube (1) and the airbag (4) communication, a signal line (15) and temperature probe (6) The electrical connector, wherein: the catheter is also provided with an inner wall of the first ⑶ suction tube (9), the temperature probe catheter (6) and bladder (4) between the (8) opened a radial wall through-hole (5), the first suction tube (9) is connected with the radial through-hole (¾ communication, the first suction tube (9) from the other end of the conduit (8) for the negative and the outside rear exit press connection.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一次性使用多功能气管插管,其特征在于:所述导管(8)壁内还设有第二吸痰管(13),所述气囊(4)尾部的导管(8)外壁上开有吸痰孔(7),所述第二吸痰管(13) —端与吸痰孔(7)相通,第二吸痰管(13)另一端用于与外部负压机连接,第二吸痰管(13)上连接有用于封闭第二吸痰管(13)的第一封盖(14)。 The disposable according to claim 1 multifunction endotracheal tube, characterized in that: said conduit (8) is also provided with a second inner wall of the suction tube (13), said balloon (4) tail conduit (8) opened the outer wall of the suction hole (7), the second suction tube (13) - end of the suction hole (7) communicates second suction tube (13) and the other end with an external suction machine connection, the second suction tube (13) is connected to a first closure (14) for closing the second suction tube (13) on.
3.根据权利要求2所述的一次性使用多功能气管插管,其特征在于:所述吸痰孔(7) 与冲洗孔⑶相对称。 3. The disposable according to claim 2, wherein the multifunction intubation, wherein: the suction hole (7) and rinse ⑶ hole symmetry.
4.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的一次性使用多功能气管插管,其特征在于:所述径向通孔(¾有两个,所述第一吸痰管(9)有两根,两个径向通孔(¾相对称,两根第一吸痰管(9) 一端分别与两个径向通孔(¾相通,两根第一吸痰管(9)另一端通过三通(10)与负压管(11)连接相通,所述负压管(11)用于与负压机连接,所述负压管(11)上连接有用于封闭负压管(11)的第二封盖(12)。 4. The disposable 1 or 2 or use of claim 3, wherein the multifunctional endotracheal tube, characterized in that: said radial passages (¾ there are two, the first suction tube (9) has two Root, two radial through-hole (¾ symmetrical, two first suction tube (9) is connected with the two radial through-hole (¾ communication, two first suction tube (9) and the other end through the three through (10) and vacuum pipe (11) connected, the negative pressure tube (11) for connection with vacuum machine, the vacuum tube (11) is connected to a closed vacuum tube (11) a second cover (12).
Descripción  traducido del chino

一次性使用多功能气管插管 Disposable multifunction intubation

技术领域: Technology area:

[0001] 本发明涉及一种临床使用的医疗器具,具体讲是一种一次性使用多功能气管插管。 [0001] The present invention relates to a medical device for clinical use, specifically a disposable multifunctional intubation.

背景技术: BACKGROUND:

[0002] 对于全身麻醉的手术病人,由于其身体已丧失知觉,医护人员需使用气管插管来对病人进行辅助呼吸。 [0002] For patients under general anesthesia surgery, has lost consciousness due to his medical staff need to use endotracheal intubation for assisted breathing for the patient. 现有气管插管一般包括一根用于插入病人气管内的导管,导管头部装有用于封闭导管与病人气管壁之间间隙的气囊,气囊头部的导管上装有温度探头,导管壁内设有充气管和信号线,充气管一端与气囊相通,充气管另一端从导管尾部引出用于与外部充气设备连接,信号线一端与温度探头连接,信号线另一端从导管尾部引出用于与外部温度监测仪连接,使用时,将导管由病人口腔插入病人气管内,通过向导管内输送氧气来对麻醉状态下的病人进入辅助吸收。 Generally comprises a conventional tracheal cannula for insertion within the trachea of a patient a catheter, a catheter equipped with a head for closing the gap between the pipe and the wall of the balloon popular disease, equipped with a temperature sensor on the head of the balloon catheter, the catheter wall equipped inflatable tube and the signal line, inflatable tube connected at one end to the airbag inflator tube conduit rear exit from the other end for connection to an external inflatable device is connected, the signal line at one end and a temperature probe, and the other end with an external signal line leads from the tail pipe Temperature Monitor is connected, in use, the catheter is inserted into the patient's mouth by the patient airway, to deliver oxygen to the patient under anesthesia into the auxiliary absorbed by the inner guide tube. 使用上述气管插管给麻醉病人进行辅助呼吸的过程中,气囊底部经常会积存大量痰液,为了及时吸出这些痰液,保持呼吸道通畅,医护人员常规的做法是:首先停止向导管内输送氧气,即停气,然后排放掉气囊内的气体,将导管从病人气管内拨出,最后使用专用吸痰工具将病人气管内的痰液吸走,待痰液全部被吸走后,再一次将导管插入到病人气管内,并接通外部供氧设备继续给导管通氧。 Using the above procedure anesthetized intubated patients assisted breathing, the bottom balloon often accumulate a lot of mucus, in order to promptly sucked out these sputum, keep the airway open, conventional medical approach is: first stop the delivery of oxygen within the catheter, namely stop gas and discharged gas inside the balloon, the catheter from the patient trachea aside, finally using special suction tool patient endotracheal sputum sucked until sputum sucked all gone, once again catheterization into the trachea of the patient, and connected to an external oxygen equipment continued to conduits through oxygen. 然而,在给麻醉病人进行辅助呼吸的整个过程中,医护人员每隔一段时间就要使用上述方法给病人进行吸痰, 重复的操作及繁琐的过程无疑会给医护人员带来很大麻烦。 However, in the anesthetized patient ventilatory support throughout the process, the staff from time to time is necessary to use the above method to suction the patient, repetitive and tedious process operations health care will undoubtedly bring great trouble.

[0003] 另外,在导管插入病人气管时,由于导管的刺激,病人会有呕吐反应,从食管流出的食物残渣会积存到气囊顶部,为了及时清理食物残渣,导管壁内还装有冲洗管,气囊尾部的导管外壁上设有与冲洗管相通的冲洗孔,使用时,首先向冲洗管内灌入生理盐水来对气囊顶部进行冲洗,然后再利用冲洗管将食物残渣吸走,由于冲洗及吸出食物残渣共用同一冲洗管,因此造成冲洗及吸出食物残渣无法同时进行,为将气囊顶部的食物残渣彻底清理干净,医护人员需反复进行交替冲洗和吸出工作,这也给医护人员带来很大麻烦。 [0003] In addition, when the catheter is inserted into the trachea of the patient, because the stimulation of the catheter, the patient will have vomiting, food debris flowing from the esophagus to the top of the balloon will accumulate, in order to promptly remove food residue inside the catheter wall is also equipped with irrigation tubing, the outer wall of the balloon catheter is provided with a tail pipe connected flush flushing hole, when used, first poured into the irrigation tube of saline to flush the top of the balloon, and then use the flush pipe sucked away food residue, due to the flushing and aspiration of food The residue share the same irrigation tube, thus causing flushing and aspiration of food residue can not be at the same time, as the food residue thoroughly clean the top of the balloon, health care workers need to be repeated alternately flushing and suck out the work, which is also a great deal of trouble to the medical staff.

发明内容: SUMMARY:

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题是,提供一种在无需拨出导管的情况下就可将病人气管内的痰液吸出,从而方便医护人员操作的一次性使用多功能气管插管。 [0004] The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a catheter without the need to allocate the sputum of patients can endotracheal aspirate, thus facilitating the operation of single-use medical multifunction intubation.

[0005] 本发明的技术解决方案是,提供一种具有以下结构的一次性使用多功能气管插管:包括用于插入病人气管内的导管,导管头部装有用于封闭导管与病人气管壁之间间隙的气囊,气囊头部的导管上装有温度探头,气囊尾部的导管外壁上开有冲洗孔,导管壁内设有冲洗管、充气管及信号线,冲洗管与冲洗孔相通,充气管与气囊相通,信号线与温度探头电连接,其中,导管壁内还设有第一吸痰管,温度探头与气囊之间的导管壁上开有径向通孔,第一吸痰管一端与径向通孔相通,第一吸痰管另一端从导管尾部引出用于与外部负压机连接。 [0005] The technical solution of the present invention is to provide a disposable having the structure using the multipurpose intubation: includes a catheter inserted into the patient's endotracheal catheter head and ill equipped for closing the duct wall of popularity the gap between the airbag, a head mounted on the balloon catheter temperature probe, the outer wall of the balloon catheter to open the rear flushing hole, duct wall equipped with irrigation tubing, inflatable tubes and signal lines, rinse and wash hole communicating tube, inflatable tube airbag communication signal line connected to the temperature probe electric, wherein the inner wall of the conduit wall also has a first suction catheter tube, temperature probe, and the balloon is opened between the radial through-hole, one end of a first suction pipe diameter the through hole communicates the other end of the first suction pipe rear exit from the catheter for connection to an external suction machine.

[0006] 本发明所述的一次性使用多功能气管插管,其中,导管壁内还可设有第二吸痰管,气囊尾部的导管外壁上开有吸痰孔,第二吸痰管一端与吸痰孔相通,第二吸痰管另一端用于与外部负压机连接,第二吸痰管上连接有用于封闭第二吸痰管的第一封盖。 [0006] The present invention disposable multifunctional endotracheal intubation, wherein the inner wall of the duct may be provided with a second suction tube, the outer wall of the balloon catheter trailing suction hole opened, and the second end of the suction tube suction hole communicating with the second suction tube and the other end for connection to an external vacuum machine, connected to the second suction tube has a first cap closes the second suction tube.

[0007] 本发明所述的一次性使用多功能气管插管,其中,吸痰孔可与冲洗孔相对称。 Disposable multifunction intubation [0007] The present invention, in which the relative said suction hole and flushing hole.

[0008] 本发明所述的一次性使用多功能气管插管,其中,径向通孔可有两个,第一吸痰管有两根,两个径向通孔相对称,两根第一吸痰管一端分别与两个径向通孔相通,两根第一吸痰管另一端通过三通与负压管连接相通,负压管用于与负压机连接,负压管上连接有用于封闭负压管的第二封盖。 [0008] The present invention uses a disposable multifunctional endotracheal intubation, which has two radial through holes, the first suction tube has two, two diametrically opposite said through holes, two first One end of the suction tube with the two radial passages communicating, two first suction tube and the other end is connected by communication links with the vacuum pipe, vacuum tube for connection with suction machine, suction pipe is connected to closes the second capping vacuum tube.

[0009] 采用以上结构后,与现有技术相比,本发明一次性使用多功能气管插管具有以下优点:与现有技术气管插管需从病人气管内拨出导管才可将病人气管内的痰液吸出不同, 本发明一次性使用多功能气管插管在温度探头与气囊之间的导管壁上开有径向通孔,因此,医护人员使用本发明一次性使用多功能气管插管在给病人进行辅助吸收的过程中,如果气囊底部有痰液,医护人员可在不拨出导管的情况下,将负压机连接到第一吸痰管上,开启负压机,病人气管内的痰液就会流入径向通孔和第一吸痰管内,最终被负压机吸出。 [0009] With the above structure, compared with the prior art, the disposable multifunction intubation has the following advantages: with the prior art catheter intubation appropriations required before the patient endotracheal tube from the patient sputum aspiration, the present invention is the use of multi-purpose disposable endotracheal intubation between the temperature probe and the wall of the balloon catheter with a radial through-hole, so that health care workers use the invention in disposable multifunction intubation patient assisted absorption process, if the bottom of the balloon sputum, medical staff can not set aside in the case of the catheter, the suction machine connected to the first suction pipe, open the vacuum machine, the patient's trachea Sputum will flow into the radial through-hole and the first suction tube, suction machine was eventually sucked out. 另外,径向通孔的设置既可将进入到导管头部内腔中的痰液吸出,又可将导管外壁与气管壁之间的痰液吸出。 In addition, the radial through-hole can be set into the lumen of the catheter tip sputum aspiration, but also the sputum conduit between the outer wall and the air sucked out of the wall.

[0010] 吸痰孔和第二吸痰管的设置可在冲洗管对气囊进行冲洗的同时,使用负压机将气囊顶部的食物残渣吸出,即一边进行冲洗,一边吸出食物残渣,解决了现有技术冲洗及吸出食物残渣共用同一冲洗管,从而造成医护人员需反复进行交替冲洗和吸出工作才能将气囊顶部的食物残渣彻底清理干净的技术难题,进一步大大方便了医护人员的操作。 [0010] suction hole and a second suction tube is provided in the flushing pipe for flushing the balloon while the use of vacuum machine to the top of the food debris sucked out of the balloon, that while flushing, while food debris sucked out to solve the current art flushing and aspiration of food scraps share the same irrigation tube, resulting in health care to be repeated alternately flushing and aspiration of food scraps will work to thoroughly clean the top of the balloon of technical problems, greatly facilitate the further operation of the medical staff.

附图说明: Brief description:

[0011] 图1是本发明一次性使用多功能气管插管的立体结构外形示意图; [0011] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the structure of the present invention is a disposable multifunctional intubation schematic outline;

[0012] 图2是图1中沿“AA”线的断面放大结构示意图; [0012] Figure 2 is a cross-section along 1 "AA" line enlarged schematic view of the structure;

[0013] 图3是图1中沿“BB”线的断面放大结构示意图; [0013] FIG. 3 is a cross section along the "BB" line enlarged schematic view of the structure;

[0014] 图4是图1中沿“CC”线的断面放大结构示意图。 [0014] Figure 4 is a cross section along the "CC" line enlarged schematic view of the structure.

具体实施方式: DETAILED DESCRIPTION:

[0015] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明一次性使用多功能气管插管作进一步详细说明: [0015] below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention disposable multifunction intubation described in further detail:

[0016] 如图1所示,在本具体实施方式中,本发明一次性使用多功能气管插管包括用于插入病人气管内的导管8,导管8头部装有用于封闭导管8与病人气管壁之间间隙的气囊4,气囊4头部的导管8上装有温度探头6,温度探头6与气囊4之间的导管8壁上开有两个径向通孔5,见图4,这两个径向通孔5相对称,气囊4尾部的导管8外壁上开有冲洗孔3 和吸痰孔7,见图3,吸痰孔7与冲洗孔3相对称,如图2所示,导管8壁内设有冲洗管2、充气管1、信号线15、第一吸痰管9以及第二吸痰管13,第二吸痰管13 —端与吸痰孔7相通, 见图3,第二吸痰管13另一端用于与外部负压机连接,第二吸痰管13上连接有用于封闭第二吸痰管13的第一封盖14,第一吸痰管9有两根,见图2、图3和图4,这两根第一吸痰管9 一端分别与两个径向通孔5相通,见图4,两根第一吸痰管9另一端从导管8尾部引出并通过三通10与负压管11连接相通,负压管11用于与负压机连接,负压管11上连接有用于封闭负压管11的第二封盖12,信号线15 —端与温度探头6电连接,信号线15另一端从导管8尾部引出用于与外部温度监测仪连接,冲洗管2 —端与冲洗孔3相通,冲洗管2另一端从导管8尾部引出,充气管1 一端与气囊4相通,充气管1另一端从从导管8尾部引出用于与外部充气设备连接。 [0016] 1, in the present embodiment, the present invention comprises a disposable multi-functional for intubated endotracheal catheter into the patient 8, provided with a head for closing the conduit 8 and the tracheal conduit 8 the gap between the walls of the balloon 4, the head of the catheter balloon 4 8 6 equipped with a temperature probe, temperature probe, and the balloon catheter 8 6 4 wall opened between the two radial through-hole 5, shown in Figure 4, the two radially relative to said through-holes 5, the balloon catheter 4 8 the outer wall of the rear opening 3 and the suction hole flushing hole 7, Figure 3, and the suction hole 7 opposite said flushing aperture 3, as shown in Figure 2, catheter 8 wall equipped with irrigation tube 2, the inflatable tube 1, the signal line 15, the first suction pipe 9 and a second suction pipe 13, the second suction pipe 13 - terminal communicates with the suction hole 7, shown in Figure 3, The second suction tube 13 and the other end for connection to an external suction machine, suction tube connected to a second 13 has a second suction pipe for closing the cover 13 of the first 14, the first suction pipe 9 have two Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, these two first suction pipe 9 at one end with the two radial through-hole 5 communicates the other end 4 Figure 9, the two first suction tube from the tail pipe 8 10 leads through the three-way connection with the vacuum pipe 11 connected, vacuum pipe 11 connected to the negative pressure, the negative pressure tube is connected to a second cover for closing the vacuum tube 11 11 12, a signal line 15-- 6 electrical terminals and a temperature probe connected to the other end of the signal line 15 leads from the tail pipe 8 for connecting the external temperature monitors, irrigation tube 2 - end flushing hole 3 communicates irrigation tube 2 and the other end led out from the tail pipe 8, inflatable 1 tube connected at one end to the airbag 4, the inflatable tube 1 from the other end of the pipe 8 for connecting the external rear exit inflatable equipment.

[0017] 本发明一次性使用多功能气管插管的使用方法是:如图1所示,将本发明一次性使用多功能气管插管的导管8 —端由病人口腔插入病人气管内,导管8另一端与外部输氧设备连接,通过输氧设备向导管8内输送氧气来对麻醉状态下的病人进入辅助吸收,在此过程中,如果气囊4底部有痰液,医护人员可在不拨出导管8的情况下,将负压机连接到负压管11上,开启负压机,导管8头部内腔中的痰液及导管8外壁与病人气管壁之间的痰液会流入两个径向通孔5及第一吸痰管9,最终被负压机吸出;在导管8的刺激下,从病人食管流出的食物残渣积存到气囊4顶部时,医护人员可向冲洗管2内灌入生理盐水来对气囊4顶部进行冲洗,在对气囊4顶部进行冲洗的同时,医护人员可将第二吸痰管13与外部负压机连接,并使用负压机将气囊4顶部的食物残渣吸出,即一边进行冲洗,一边吸出食物残渣。 [0017] The present invention intubation disposable multifunctional use is: 1, the present invention is a disposable multifunction intubation catheter 8 - end is inserted into the patient's mouth tracheal, catheter 8 The other end is connected with an external oxygen equipment, oxygen equipment through the catheter 8 in the delivery of oxygen to the patient under anesthesia into the auxiliary absorbent, in this process, if the bottom of the balloon 4 sputum, health care workers can not allocate conduit 8 Under the circumstances, the negative pressure is connected to the suction pipe 11, open suction machine, sputum lumen catheter 8 head sputum and conduit 8 between the outer wall and the wall of the popular ill will flow into two diametrically through-hole 5 and the first suction pipe 9, finally being sucked out of negative pressure machine; when the stimulation catheter 8 from the patient accumulation of food debris out of the esophagus to the top of the balloon 4, the medical staff can be poured into the irrigation tube physiology 2 salt water to wash the top of the balloon 4, 4 in the top of the balloon while rinsing, health care can be a second suction tube 13 is connected to an external suction machine, suction machine and use food scraps sucked out of the top of the balloon 4, That aside to wash, while aspiration of food residue.

[0018] 以上所述的实施例仅仅是对本发明的优选实施方式进行描述,并非对本发明的范围进行限定,在不脱离本发明设计精神的前提下,本领域普通技术人员对本发明的技术方案作出的各种变形和改进,均应落入本发明权利要求书确定的保护范围内。 Example [0018] The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described, not the scope of the invention be limited, without departing from the spirit of the design of the present invention, the premise of those of ordinary skill in the technical aspect of the present invention made Various changes and modifications shall fall within the claims of the invention within the scope of protection determined.

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Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
CN104905957A *30 Jun 201516 Sep 2015福州创方医药科技有限公司Paranasal sinus expansion washing device and application method thereof
CN105727413A *12 Dic 20146 Jul 2016饶艳伟Special tracheal catheter, sputum aspiration and diluent dropwise adding control system
CN106345029A *29 Sep 201625 Ene 2017柳州市人民医院Trachea cannula with side tube
Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalA61M1/00, A61M16/04, A61M3/02
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
4 Ene 2012C06Publication
22 Feb 2012C10Entry into substantive examination
11 Jun 2014C02Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)