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Número de publicaciónCN102850396 B
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Número de solicitudCN 201210370454
Fecha de publicación25 May 2016
Fecha de presentación27 Sep 2012
Fecha de prioridad27 Sep 2012
También publicado comoCN102850396A
Número de publicación201210370454.9, CN 102850396 B, CN 102850396B, CN 201210370454, CN-B-102850396, CN102850396 B, CN102850396B, CN201210370454, CN201210370454.9
Inventores娄桂艳, 赵清, 赵笑仪, 李钊
Solicitante沈阳工业大学
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  SIPO, Espacenet
一种胺基硼膦酸酯及其制备方法 One kind of amine boron phosphonates and preparation method traducido del chino
CN 102850396 B
Resumen  traducido del chino
<b>本发明涉及一种胺基硼膦酸酯,其组分为:</b><b>有机胺:亚磷酸二丁酯:甲醛:硼化剂=1</b><b>:2</b><b>~3</b><b>:2</b><b>~3</b><b>:1</b><b>;其制备方法是:a.</b><b>将亚磷酸二丁酯和甲醛加入反应釜中,然后在搅拌下将有机胺全部滴加到反应釜中,控制反应釜内温度≤30</b><b>℃,待釜内温度不再上升时继续搅拌1</b><b>~2h</b><b>;b.</b><b>将硼化剂加入反应釜中,开启分水装置,加热升温到110</b><b>~130</b><b>℃回流反应3</b><b>~5h</b><b>,待分水器中水的液面不再增加时反应结束,冷却至室温,得到目标产物。 <B> The present invention relates to an amine-boron phosphonates, which are divided into groups: </ b> <b> organic amine: dibutyl phosphite: Formaldehyde: diboride agent = 1 </ b> <b> : 2 </ b> <b> ~ 3 </ b> <b>: 2 </ b> <b> ~ 3 </ b> <b>: 1 </ b> <b>; its preparation method :. a </ b> <b> dibutyl phosphite and formaldehyde into a reactor, under stirring and then all the organic amine dropwise to the reaction vessel, the reaction vessel to control the temperature ≤30 </ b> < b> ℃, stirring was continued within the autoclave temperature does not rise until 1 </ b> <b> ~ 2h </ b> <b>;. b </ b> <b> borohydride agent is added to the reaction kettle, open water diversion device, heated up to 110 </ b> <b> ~ 130 </ b> <b> ℃ reflux 3 </ b> <b> ~ 5h </ b> <b>, pending trap when the water level does not increase the reaction is complete, cooled to room temperature, to give the desired product. 本发明合成的胺基硼膦酸酯是一种BNP</b><b>型多功能Y</b><b>润滑油添加剂,将其添加到水基金属加工液中不仅可以提高加工液的防腐性和防锈性,还可以增加水基金属加工液的润滑性。 The present invention is a synthetic amino phosphonate Boron is a BNP </ b> <b> Multifunction Y </ b> <b> lubricant additives, add it to the water based metalworking fluids can not only improve the processing liquid corrosion and rust resistance, can also increase the water-based metalworking fluid lubricity. </b> </ B>
Reclamaciones(1)  traducido del chino
1. 一种胺基硼膦酸酯产物,其特征在于: 该胺基硼膦酸酯产物由将亚磷酸二丁酯38.8g和36%的甲醛16.7g加入反应釜中,在搅拌下将乙二胺6. lg逐渐滴加到反应釜中,控制反应釜内温度< 30°C,待釜内温度不再上升时继续搅拌1.5h,然后再将硼酸6. lg加入上述的反应釜中,开启分水装置,加热升温到110 °〇回流反应4h,待分水器中水的液面不再增加时反应结束,冷却至室温得到目标产物制备而成; 或该胺基硼膦酸酯产物由将亚磷酸二丁酯58.2g和36%的甲醛25.0g加入反应釜中,在搅拌下将二乙烯三胺10.3g逐渐滴加到反应釜中,控制反应釜内温度<30°C,待釜内温度不再上升时继续搅拌2h,然后再将硼酸6. lg加入上述的反应釜中,开启分水装置,加热升温到130°C回流反应5h,待分水器中水的液面不再增加时反应结束,冷却至室温得到目标产物制备而成。 An amine boron phosphonate product, characterized in that: the product was purified by amine boron phosphonate, dibutyl phosphite, and 38.8g 16.7g 36% formaldehyde added to the reaction kettle, under stirring B 6. lg diamine gradually added dropwise to the reaction vessel, the reaction vessel to control the temperature <30 ° C, and stirring was continued until the temperature of the kettle when the rise in 1.5h, and then added to the boric 6. lg reaction vessel, open trap apparatus, heated up to 110 ° square refluxed 4h, when the water trap until no further increase in the level of the end of the reaction, cooled to room temperature to give the desired product is prepared by; or the product of the amine phosphonate boron the dibutyl phosphite 58.2g and 25.0g of 36% formaldehyde into a reactor, under stirring diethylenetriamine 10.3g gradually dripped into the reaction vessel, the reaction vessel to control the temperature <30 ° C, to be stirring was continued while the rise in internal temperature 2h, then added to the boric 6. lg reaction vessel, open trap apparatus, heated up to 130 ° C refluxed 5H, until the liquid level in the water trap does not when the reaction is complete add, cooled to room temperature to give the desired product is prepared from.
Descripción  traducido del chino
-种胺基棚麟酸醋及其制备方法 - Kind of amino shed Lin vinegar and its preparation method

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明设及一种水溶性防诱剂及其制备方法,尤其设及一种胺基棚麟酸醋及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention is provided and a water-soluble anti-inducing agent and preparation method, and in particular, provided one kind of amino shed Lin vinegar and its preparation method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 润滑与防诱是金属加工液的重要性能,也是各国科技工作者研究的热点问题。 [0002] lubricating and anti-trap is an important performance metalworking fluids, hot issue is national science and technology research workers. 近年来,随着人们环保意识的增强和油品价格的不断上扬,全合成和半合成润滑油的使用量越来越多,在金属加工方面水基切削液的应用范围也越来越广,因此润滑和防诱问题更加突出。 In recent years, as people's awareness of environmental protection and oil prices continue to rise, the amount of fully synthetic and semi-synthetic lubricants used more and more in the metal processing water-based cutting fluids increasingly wide range of applications, Therefore, lubricating and anti-trap problem is more prominent. 为了解决全合成、半合成润滑油及水基金属加工液的润滑性和防诱性,国内外的科研者在开发防诱剂方面投入了大量的精力。 In order to address fully synthetic, semi-synthetic lubricants and water-based metalworking fluid lubricity and anti-trap of domestic and foreign research and development by the anti lures we have invested a lot of energy.

[0003] 由于受健康和环境保护问题的影响,亚硝酸盐、横酸盐和締基下二酸类防诱剂在使用方面受到了限制,自20世纪70年代起,各国研制工作的重点主要集中在多功能防诱剂的开发方面,如Mobi 1公司的Horodysky等人在US4522734中提到的1,2-环氧十六烷基棚酸醋,它是由1,2-环氧十六烧水解后再与棚酸反应的产物,该棚酸醋具有优良的减摩性,但该类棚酸醋除B外,不含其它的活性元素,功能相对比较单一,其典型的结构式为(1);为了提高棚酸醋的抗磨性能,更有效的利用棚元素的耐热、耐磨、抑菌等特性,继US4522734之后Mobil公司的化rodysky等人在其专利US4557844中又合成了一种含憐酸醋氨盐结构的棚酸醋,运种棚酸醋除具有减摩抗磨性能外,还具有抗氧和抑制铜合金腐蚀等多种功效,几乎可W用在任何润滑油中,其典型的结构式为(2) ;Lubrizol公司的Schwind等人在US228818中也介绍了一种硫-憐-棚型棚酸醋,该棚酸醋 [0003] Due to the impact of health and environmental protection issues under the nitrite salt and horizontal association bis acids in the use of anti-attractant limited, since the 1970s, the main focus of development work countries focused on the development of multi-functional anti-inducing agents, such as Mobi 1 companies Horodysky et al mentioned in US4522734 1,2-epoxy-cetyl shed vinegar, which is 1,2-epoxy sixteen hydrolysis products of burning shed and then an acid reaction, which shed vinegar has excellent anti-friction, but the class shed vinegar except B, free of other reactive element, function is relatively simple, the typical structure of the formula ( 1); in order to improve abrasion resistance shed vinegar, more efficient use of shelf elements heat, wear, antibacterial properties, after US4522734 Mobil company of rodysky et al in their patent US4557844 and synthesized in a species pity shed containing vinegar vinegar ammonium salt structure, operation and shed seed vinegar addition to reducing friction and wear resistant properties, but also has antioxidant and copper alloy corrosion inhibition and other effects, almost any of the lubricating oil used in the W , the typical structure of formula (2); Lubrizol's Schwind et al US228818 also introduces a sulfur - pity - shed type shed vinegar, the vinegar shed

[0004] [0004]

Figure CN102850396BD00031

[0005] 因还有活性元素S和P除具有减摩、抗磨性外,还具有极好的极压性,可广泛用做油基或水基金属加工液的润滑添加剂,其典型的结构式为(3); 1994年国内的姚俊兵等人,利用棚元素的化学活性合成了一种NSB型添加剂,该添加剂的减摩抗磨性也很好,其结构式为(4);时至今日,含N棚酸醋是研究最多 [0005] because there are active elements S and P addition to reducing friction, abrasion resistance, but also has excellent extreme pressure, and can be widely used oil-based or water-based metalworking fluid lubricant additive, the typical structure of formula to (3); in 1994 the country Yao Junbing et al., the use of synthetic chemical activity of elements shed a NSB type additive anti-friction anti-wear is also very good, having the formula (4); today, N-containing shed vinegar is the most studied

[0006] [0006]

Figure CN102850396BD00032

[0007]的有机棚化物之一,由于N原子带有孤电子对能与缺电子的B原子形成各种配位键,从而使棚酸醋的抗水解能力增强,如Mobil公司的化hn P.Doner等人在US4743386中报道的胺基棚酸醋,它是由酪、醒、胺通过曼尼希反应先合成碱性物,然后再与棚酸进行醋化反应而获得的产物,其结构式为(5)。 Shed one organic compound [0007], since the N atom with lone pair of electrons capable of hydrolysis resistance and electron-deficient B atom to form a variety of coordinate bond, thereby enhancing the shelf vinegar, such as the Mobil Corporation of hn P .Doner et al reported in US4743386 amine shed in vinegar, which is made of casein, wake up, the first synthesis of amines by Mannich reaction of alkaline substances, and then shed acid esterification reaction product obtained by the structural formula is (5).

[000引 [000 Cited

Figure CN102850396BD00041

[0009] 上述各种含B添加剂除式巧)外,其它各分子中的B原子均WB-0键的结构结合在分子上,运种结构在水存在的环境中稳定性较差,特别是在加热条件下B-0键极易断裂发生水解,无法实现产品性能的设计要求。 [0009] In addition to the above additives containing B-type clever), but each of the other molecules in the B atoms are WB-0 bond structure at the molecular binding, transport kind of structure in the presence of water environment is poor stability, especially B-0 bond rupture easily hydrolyzed under heating conditions, inability to achieve product performance design requirements. 专利US4743386利用曼尼希反应在分子中形成了BN键结构,该BN键抗水解能力比B-0键强,其产品作为减摩剂可用在全合成、半合成和水基金属加工液中,但该产品分子中仅含有N和B两种活性元素功能性不强,无法满足水基金属加工液的润滑与防诱要求。 Patent US4743386 use Mannich reaction in the molecule to form a BN bond structure, the BN bond hydrolysis resistance is stronger than B-0 bond, and its products as a friction reducing agent can be used in fully synthetic, semi-synthetic and water based metal working fluids, However, the product molecules containing only two active elements N and B function is not strong, can not meet the water-based metalworking fluids for lubrication and anti-trap requirements. 因此,开发一种抗水解能力强,又具有润滑、防诱、极压、抑菌等功效的多功能含棚化合物是非常必要的。 Therefore, the development of a strong anti-hydrolyzing ability, but also has a lubricating, anti-trap, extreme pressure, multi-compound-containing antibacterial and other effects of shed is necessary.

发明内容: SUMMARY:

[0010] 本发明的目的在于克服上述现有技术中的各种有机棚酸醋的不足,提供一种胺基棚麟酸醋,该胺基棚麟酸醋分子中不仅有BN键结构,还含有N、P和B等活性元素,具有极好的减摩、抗氧、防诱和润滑性,抗水解能力强,加入水基金属加工液中可W提高加工液的润滑性和防诱性,同时也可W提高加工液的极压性和使用寿命。 [0010] The present invention is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art in a variety of organic vinegar shed provided an amine sheds Lin vinegar, the vinegar amine molecule sheds Lin not only BN key structure, further etc. containing N, P and B active elements, with excellent anti-friction, antioxidant, anti-trap and lubricity, hydrolysis resistant ability, water was added to metalworking fluids can improve the processing fluid W lubricity and anti-inducing properties , but also to improve the processing fluid W extreme pressure and service life. 是一种很好的水溶性多功能添加剂。 It is a good water-soluble multifunctional additive.

[0011] 本发明的另一个目的在于提供运种胺基棚麟酸醋的制备方法。 [0011] Another object of the present invention to provide a method for preparing an amine shed Lin Yun kinds of vinegar.

[0012]为达至化述目的,本发明是运样实现的: [0012] To achieve above object of the present invention is a sample transport to achieve:

[0013] -种胺基棚麟酸醋,其中各组分按摩尔比计为: [0013] - the kind of amino shed Lin vinegar, wherein the components by molar ratio, as follows:

[0014] 有机胺:亚憐酸二下醋:甲醒:棚化剂=1:2~3:2~3:1。 [0014] The organic amine: di vinegar under sub-pity: A reminder: Shed agent = 1: 2-3: 2 to 3: 1.

[0015] 所述的有机胺为乙二胺或二乙締Ξ胺。 [0015] The organic amine is ethylene diamine or diethylene association Ξ amine.

[0016] 所述的棚化剂为棚酸。 Shed agent [0016] The acid is shed.

[0017] -种胺基棚麟酸醋的制备方法,分两步进行: [0017] - the kind of amino shed Lin vinegar preparation, in two steps:

[0018] a.按照原料的摩尔比:有机胺:亚憐酸二下醋:甲醒:棚化剂= 1:2~3:2~3:1,将亚憐酸二下醋和甲醒加入反应蓋中,然后在揽拌下将有机胺全部滴加到反应蓋中,控制反应蓋内溫度含30°C,待蓋内溫度不再上升时继续揽拌1~化; [0018] a molar ratio of the raw materials: organic amines: di vinegar under sub-pity: A reminder: Shed agent = 1: 2-3: 2-3: 1, Lower pity diethyl vinegar and armor awake cover added to the reaction, and then mix in the embrace under the organic amine cover all dropwise to the reaction to control the reaction temperature within the cap containing 30 ° C, when the temperature does not rise until the cap for 1 ~ continue to embrace technology;

[0019] b.将配方量的棚化剂加入步骤a的反应蓋中,开启分水装置,加热升溫到110~130 °0回流反应3~化,待分水器中水的液面不再增加时反应结束,冷却至室溫,得到目标产物。 [0019] b. The amount of recipe shed agent added to reaction step a cover, open water diversion device, heated up to 110 ~ 130 ° 0 ~ 3 of reflux, until the trap water level does not when the end of the reaction increases, cooled to room temperature, to give the desired product.

[0020] 本发明的反应原理: [0020] The reaction principles of the invention:

[0021] 首先亚憐酸二下醋和甲醒与有机胺在低于含30°C的条件下,发生曼尼希反应将N 和P结合到分子中;然后曼尼希反应产物再与棚化剂进行缩合反应将B引入分子结构中,得到胺基棚麟酸醋,典型的化学反应式如下: [0021] First of mild vinegar and methyl di-pity woke with an organic amine under conditions containing less than 30 ° C, the occurrence of Mannich reaction of N and P incorporated into the molecule; and Mannich reaction product and then shed agent introduced into the condensation reaction B molecular structure to give amine sheds Lin vinegar, a typical chemical reaction is as follows:

[0022] [0022]

Figure CN102850396BD00051

[0023] 与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是:分子结构中的BN键比B-0键抗水解能力更强;含有N、P两种活性元素比添加剂式巧)的润滑性和极压性更好,表1是本发明产品与几种现有棚酸醋的水解稳定性和润滑性检测结果。 [0023] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the molecular structure of the BN bond hydrolysis stronger than the anti-B-0 bond; containing N, P ratio of the two active elements skillfully additive type) lubrication and extreme pressure better, table 1 of the present invention is related to several hydrolytic stability and lubricity test results of existing shed vinegar.

[0024] 表1胺基棚麟酸醋与其它棚酸醋的性能比较 [0024] Table 1 Performance comparison with other amino shed shed Lin vinegar of vinegar

[0025] [0025]

Figure CN102850396BD00052

[00%]注:水解稳定性W敞口观察法测定:即取干燥的25ml玻璃杯,各加入10ml含1.0% 棚酸醋的石蜡油溶液,在相同的实验条件下观察液体开始变浑浊的时间(变浑浊表示已水解成不溶于石蜡油的棚酸),并W此时间来判断棚酸醋的水解速率;润滑性W四球法测定: 按GB3142-82进行。 [00%] Note: observe the hydrolytic stability of W exposure determination: that of dried 25ml glass, add oil each 10ml solution containing 1.0% of the vinegar shed, observe the liquid began to become turbid under the same experimental conditions time (turbid indicates hydrolysis to insoluble in paraffin oil shed acid), and W this time to determine the rate of hydrolysis of vinegar shed; lubrication W four-ball Determination: by GB3142-82 performed.

[0027] 表1的测试结果表明,本发明的胺基棚麟酸醋其水解稳定性与结构式(5)相当,但比不含氮的普通棚酸醋和含受阻酪基团的棚酸醋高很多,且明显好于外配位键的Ξ异辛基棚酸醋锭盐,同时,四球法试验表明,本发明产品的减摩、抗磨性和润滑性比含氮棚酸醋和比普通棚酸醋有明显改善和提高。 Test Results [0027] Table 1 shows that amino shed Lin vinegar to the invention is hydrolytic stability and structural formula (5) are equivalent, but no nitrogen than ordinary shed vinegar and cheese group containing hindered shed vinegar much higher, and significantly better than the foreign coordination bond Ξ isooctyl shed vinegar salt tablets, while the four-ball law tests showed that the product of the present invention, anti-friction, abrasion resistance and lubricity than the ratio of nitrogen and shed vinegar Common shed vinegar significantly improved and enhanced.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0028] 下面结合具体实施方式对本发明作进一步说明。 [0028] the following with reference to specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

[00巧]实施例1 [00 Qiao] Example 1

[0030] 将亚憐酸二下醋(38.8邑,0.2111〇1)和36%的甲醒(16.7邑,0.2111〇1)加入反应蓋中,在揽拌下将乙二胺(6.1g,0.1mol)逐渐滴加到反应蓋中,控制反应蓋内溫度含30°C,待蓋内溫度不再上升时继续揽拌1.化;然后再将棚酸(6. lg,〇.lmol)加入上述的反应蓋中,开启分水装置,加热升溫到ll〇°C回流反应4h,待分水器中水的液面不再增加时反应结束,冷却至室溫,得到目标产物,化学反应式如下: [0030] The lower sub-pity di vinegar (38.8 Yap, 0.2111〇1) and 36% of A wake (16.7 Yap, 0.2111〇1) added to the reactor lid, mix in football under the ethylene diamine (6.1g, 0.1 mol) is gradually added dropwise to the reaction cap to control the reaction temperature within the cap containing 30 ° C, when the temperature does not rise until the lid continues to embrace the mix of 1; then shed acid (6. lg, 〇.lmol) added the above reaction lid, open trap apparatus, heated up to the reaction ll〇 ° C reflow 4h, until the water trap level does not increase when the end of the reaction, cooled to room temperature, to give the desired product, the chemical reaction formula as follows:

[0031] [0031]

Figure CN102850396BD00061

[0032] 实施例2 [0032] Example 2

[0033] 将亚憐酸二下醋(58.2g,0.3mol)和36%的甲醒(25. Og,0.3mol)加入反应蓋中,在揽拌下将二乙締Ξ胺(10.3g,0.1mol)逐渐滴加到反应蓋中,控制反应蓋内溫度含30°C,待蓋内溫度不再上升时继续揽拌化;然后再将棚酸(6. lg,0.1mol)加入上述的反应蓋中,开启分水装置,加热升溫到130°C回流反应化,待分水器中水的液面不再增加时反应结束,冷却至室溫,得到目标产物,典型的化学反应式如下: [0033] The lower sub-pity di vinegar (58.2g, 0.3mol) and 36% of A wake (25. Og, 0.3mol) added to the reactor lid, mix in football under the association Ξ diethyl amine (10.3g, 0.1mol) is gradually added dropwise to the reaction cap to control the reaction temperature within the cap containing 30 ° C, until the lid when the temperature does not rise to continue to embrace the mix of; then shed acid (6. lg, 0.1mol) was added the above the reaction lid, open trap means, heated up to 130 ° C under reflux of the reaction, water trap until the reaction is complete when the level does not increase, it cooled to room temperature, to give the desired product, a typical chemical reaction is as follows :

[0034] [0034]

Figure CN102850396BD00062

[0035] 有机合成是一个复杂的化学反应过程,就实施例2而言其棚化反应可W得到一元和二元两种结构的胺基棚麟酸醋类物质,各物质量的多少主要由原料配比(即摩尔比)和反应的工艺条件所决定,分离工作非常困难。 [0035] Organic synthesis is a complex chemical reaction process, the Example 2 in terms of their reaction may shed W obtained mono- and sheds Lin vinegar amine substances two yuan two structures, mainly by how much mass each object raw material ratio (ie mole ratio) and the reaction condition is determined, the separation work is very difficult. 本发明合成的胺基棚麟酸醋也是一种一元和二元棚化物的混合体,但W-元棚化物为主,产品的技术指标如下: The present invention is a synthetic amino sheds Lin vinegar is also a mixture of mono- and shed two yuan compound, but W- yuan shed compounds, the products of technical indicators are as follows:

[0036] 外观:澄红色液体; PH:5~6; [0036] Appearance: clear red liquid; PH: 5 ~ 6;

[0037] 有效物含量:^0%; 总憐含量(WP计):10%~12%。 [0037] Effective content: ^ 0%; total pity content (WP meter): 10% to 12%.

[003引上述胺基棚麟酸醋产品经红外光谱分析证实在1401cm-l处有BN键的伸缩振动吸收峰,在1374cm-l处有B-0键的特征吸收峰,W及660cm-l处的棚骨架振动特征吸收峰。 [003 cited above amine shed Lin vinegar products in infrared spectroscopic analysis confirmed that there is at 1401cm-l BN bond stretching vibration absorption peak at 1374cm-l at B-0 bonds have characteristic absorption peaks, W, and 660cm-l shed skeleton vibration characteristic absorption at peak. 说明通过曼尼希及棚化反应后B元素是WB-N键的结构结合在分子中,抗水解能力增强。 Description and shed through the Mannich reaction structure element B is bound WB-N bond in the molecule, enhanced hydrolysis resistance.

[0039] 胺基棚麟酸醋的性能检测 [0039] amino shed Lin vinegar performance testing

[0040] 1、用失重法测定胺基棚麟酸醋的防腐蚀性 [0040] 1, measured by amino shed Lin vinegar weight loss method corrosion

[0041] W45#钢片为试验材料,测定不同浓度下胺基棚麟酸醋的防腐蚀性能,检测结果见表2。 [0041] W45 # steel as test material, measured at different concentrations of amino shed Lin vinegar anti-corrosion test results are shown in Table 2.

[0042] 表2胺基棚麟酸醋的防腐蚀性试验结果 [0042] The corrosion test results in Table 2 sheds Lin amine of vinegar

[0043] [0043]

Figure CN102850396BD00063

[0044] [0044]

Figure CN102850396BD00071

[0045] 注:实验条件为:3cmX5cm 45#钢片,静态浸泡10天。 [0045] Note: The experimental conditions were: 3cmX5cm 45 # steel, static soak for 10 days.

[0046] 由表2中的试验数据可知,胺基棚麟酸醋对45#钢片具有较好的缓蚀效果,当浓度达到4%时缓蚀率为98.5%,继续增加胺基棚麟酸醋的浓度,缓蚀率变化很小,说明当浓度为4%时已经在试片表面形成了一层均匀的吸附膜。 [0046] As shown in Table 2, the test data, amine sheds Lin vinegar for 45 # steel with good inhibition effect, when the concentration of 4% inhibition rate was 98.5%, continues to increase amino shed Lin the concentration of vinegar, the corrosion rate of change is very small, indicating a concentration of 4% in the test piece has been formed on the surface layer of uniform adsorption film.

[0047] 2、铸铁单片试验测试胺基棚麟酸醋的防诱性 [0047] 2, cast iron chip test test amine shed lure of anti-lin vinegar

[0048] 试验按GB/T6144-85进行,测定不同浓度下胺基棚麟酸醋的防诱性,检测结果见表3。 [0048] test according to GB / T6144-85 were measured at different concentrations of anti-amine shed Lin vinegar induced resistance, test results are shown in Table 3.

[0049] 表3胺基棚麟酸醋的防诱性试验结果 [0049] Anti-inducing test results in Table 3 sheds Lin amine of vinegar

[(K)加] [(K) plus]

Figure CN102850396BD00072

[0051] 从表3中可W看出胺基棚麟酸醋对铸铁有较好的防诱性,当含量达到5%时单片可达到5天不诱,完全可W满足水基金属加工工艺的防诱要求。 [0051] From Table 3 can be seen amine sheds Lin W vinegar cast iron has a good anti-induced resistance, when the content of 5% up to 5 days without monolithic lure, fully meet the water W metalworking the anti-trap technology requirements.

[0052] 3、W四球机测试胺基棚麟酸醋的润滑性 [0052] 3, W four-ball test machine sheds Lin vinegar amine lubricity

[0053] 试验按GB3142-82《润滑剂承载能力测定法(四球法)》进行,试验液体为5%的水基金属加工液,测定不同加量下胺基棚麟酸醋的润滑性,检测结果见表4。 [0053] Test Press GB3142-82 "Determination of carrying capacity lubricant (Four - Ball Method)", The test liquid is 5% water based metalworking fluids, measured at different dosage amine shed Lin vinegar lubrication, detection The results are shown in Table 4.

[0054] 表4胺基棚麟酸醋的润滑性试验结果 [0054] lubricity test results in Table 4 of amine shed Lin vinegar

[0化5] [0 of 5]

Figure CN102850396BD00073

[0056]从表4中可W看出,加入胺基棚麟酸醋后,相同浓度下水基金属加工液的的最大无卡咬负荷时值有所提高,当含量达到6%时Pb值达到500NW上,可满足大多数金属材料的加工工艺要求。 [0056] From Table 4, W can be seen, after adding amino shed Lin vinegar, the same concentration of water-based metalworking fluids largest non-card bite load time when improved, when the content reaches 6% Pb value reached on 500NW, to meet the processing requirements of most metallic materials. 本发明合成的胺基棚麟酸醋是一种BNP型多功能润滑油添加剂,将其添加到水基金属加工液中不仅可W提高加工液的防腐性和防诱性,还可W增加水基金属加工液的润滑性,是一种很好的含棚类润滑油添加剂。 The present invention is a synthetic amino sheds Lin vinegar is a BNP-type multi-purpose lubricant additives, add it to the water-based metal working fluids, not only can improve the processing fluid W and anti-corrosion induced resistance, but also increase the water W metalworking fluid lubrication, is a good class shed containing lubricating oil additives.

Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
CN1161970A *5 Abr 199615 Oct 1997中国石化兰州炼油化工总厂Preparation method for lubricating oil additive
CN102061214A *13 Nov 200918 May 2011中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所Water-soluble lubricating additive and preparation method thereof
US4743386 *27 Ago 198510 May 1988Mobil Oil CorporationGrease compositions containing phenolic- or thio-amine borates and hydroxy-containing soap thickeners
Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalC10N30/12, C07F9/40, C10N30/06, C10M139/00, C10N40/20
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
2 Ene 2013C06Publication
5 Jun 2013C10Entry into substantive examination
25 May 2016C14Grant of patent or utility model