|Número de publicación||CN103464416 B|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Número de solicitud||CN 201310425364|
|Fecha de publicación||18 Nov 2015|
|Fecha de presentación||18 Sep 2013|
|Fecha de prioridad||18 Sep 2013|
|También publicado como||CN103464416A|
|Número de publicación||201310425364.X, CN 103464416 B, CN 103464416B, CN 201310425364, CN-B-103464416, CN103464416 B, CN103464416B, CN201310425364, CN201310425364.X|
|Inventores||张志平, 赵刚, 于震|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (6), Clasificaciones (1), Eventos legales (3)|
|Enlaces externos: SIPO, Espacenet|
技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD
 本发明属于板状多孔结构部件的清洗装置，具体涉及一种行星式清洗装置。  The present invention belongs to the cleaning apparatus of the plate-like member is a porous structure, in particular to a planetary-type cleaning apparatus.
背景技术 Background technique
 在核行业中，对于某些表面含铀的板状多孔结构部件，要用清洗溶剂将板状多孔结构部件上的铀清洗下来。  In the nuclear industry, the plate-shaped porous structure containing uranium components certain surfaces, use cleaning solvents uranium plate-like porous structural member cleaning down. 对于铀的清洗有两个方面的要求:一是在完全清洗的前提下，要减少含铀溶液在板状多孔结构部件上的滞留；二是所用的清洗溶剂要尽量少。 For uranium cleaning there are two requirements: First, under the premise of complete cleaning, to reduce uranium solution remaining in the porous structure of the plate member; the second is the use of cleaning solvents as little as possible.
 现有技术中主要的清洗方法是静止浸泡清洗、高压射流清洗等。  The prior art is still the main method of cleaning immersion cleaning, high-pressure jet cleaning. 这些清洗方法均需要较多的清洗溶剂才能实现清洗，清洗结束后部件表面滞留有大量的含有铀的溶液。 These cleaning methods are required in order to achieve more cleaning solvent cleaning surface after completion of the cleaning member retention solution containing a large number of uranium. 现有的实验数据显示，对于I体积的板状多孔结构部件，需要用大于I体积的清洗溶剂才能实现完全浸泡；并且清洗结束后没有采取有效的方式使溶液与板状多孔结构部件分离，因而在抽走溶液后有大量的溶液滞留在板状多孔结构部件表面，滞留的溶液约占所用溶液的30%。 Existing experimental data show that the porous structure of the plate-like member for volume I, I need to use more than the volume of cleaning solvent to achieve completely immersed; and there is no effective way to clean after the end of the solution and the plate-like porous structural component separation, thus After a large number of solution pumped solution remain in the porous structure of the plate-like member surface residence was used by about 30 percent of the solution.
发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 本发明是为了克服现有技术中存在的缺点而提出的，其目的是提供一种用于板状多孔结构部件的行星式清洗装置。  The present invention is made to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art are proposed, and its object is to provide a sheet-like porous structure of the planetary member cleaning device.
 本发明的技术方案是:  The technical solution of the present invention are:
 —种行星式清洗装置，包括公转电机、公转轴、公转转盘、自转电机、自转轴和自转转盘，公转电机通过皮带和带轮的传动与公转轴连接，公转轴与公转转盘固连，公转转盘通过轴承与自转轴连接，自转电机通过皮带和带轮的传动与中间带轮连接，中间带轮通过皮带和带轮的传动分别与两个自转轴连接，自转轴与自转转盘固连，中间带轮和公转轴分别通过轴承与垂直固定在支架上的支架筒连接，自转转盘与清洗容器通过螺栓固连，清洗容器与清洗容器顶盖之间通过螺栓固连，清洗容器顶盖通过顶盖动密封及轴承与顶盖密封轴之间连接，排液管从清洗容器伸出，与顶盖密封轴固连，同心穿过公转轴，与公转轴保持相对静止，与外部管道通过动密封连接。  - the kind of planetary cleaning apparatus comprising revolution motor revolution axis, the public around the disk, the rotation of the motor, the spin axis and the rotation of the turntable, revolution motor is connected through a belt and pulley drive and the revolution axis, male shaft and the public around the disk is fixedly connected , the public around the disc via the bearing and the spin axis, rotation of the motor is connected through a belt and pulley drive pulley and the middle, in the middle of two pulleys connected by a belt and pulley rotation axis, respectively, of the drive, and the rotation of the turntable rotation axis is fixedly connected intermediate shaft pulley and the public through the bearing bracket with the vertical cylinder on the bracket are connected, the rotation of the turntable and clean containers connected by a bolt solid, clean container and cleaning between the container lid is fixedly connected by bolts, cleaning the vessel head by dynamic seal between the cap and the bearing and shaft seal cover, drain pipe extending from the cleaning container, and cover sealing the shaft is fixedly connected, through the public concentric shaft, the shaft remains relatively stationary and the public, and by moving the outer pipe sealed connection.
 所述清洗容器外壁包覆有用于加热清洗溶剂的加热夹套。  The cleaning vessel outer wall is coated with a cleaning solvent used to heat a heating jacket.
 所述公转轴和自转轴上均安装有用于公转自转运动条件下信号线和动力线连接的导电滑环。  are mounted on the shaft and the rotation axis have known for conducting public switched turn movement under conditions of signal lines and power lines connected to the slip ring.
 所述公转轴为空心轴。  the revolution axis of the hollow shaft.
 所述清洗容器为圆形或多边形截面容器。  The cleaning vessel is circular or polygonal cross-section container.
 所述清洗容器和排液管采用耐腐蚀的不锈钢、聚四氟乙烯材料，所述动密封和顶盖动密封采用耐腐蚀的聚四氟乙烯波纹管密封。  washing the container and discharge pipes with corrosion-resistant stainless steel, PTFE, the dynamic seal and dynamic seal cover corrosion-resistant PTFE bellows seal.
 本发明的有益效果:  The present invention beneficial effects:
 本发明所述清洗装置采取两个电机分别带动并控制清洗容器自转和公转，自转转速和公转转速分别可调，可实现转速可调的行星运动和圆周运动。  The present invention purging means taking two motors are driven and controlled cleaning vessel rotation and revolution, rotation speed and revolution speed are adjustable, can achieve speed adjustable planetary motion and circular motion. 清洗装置在做行星运动时，清洗单元内的溶液在离心力以及哥氏力的作用下紊流流动，可大幅度减少清洗液用量。 Cleaning device in a planetary motion, the cleaning solution within the cell turbulent flow under the influence of centrifugal force and the Coriolis force, can significantly reduce the amount of cleaning solution.
附图说明 Brief Description
 图1是本发明行星式清洗装置的结构示意图；  FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention a planetary type cleaning apparatus;
 图2是图1中A部分的放大结构示意图。  FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of an enlarged portion A of FIG.
其中:  where:
 I 公转电机 2 中间带轮  I revolution motor 2 intermediate pulley
 3 导电滑环 4 动密封  3 4 movable slip ring seal
 5 公转轴 6 支架筒  5 6 bracket cylinder revolution axis
 7 支架 8 自转电机  The rotation of the motor bracket 8 7
 9 螺栓 10 加热夹套  9 bolt 10 is heated jacket
 11 容器顶盖 12 顶盖动密封  11 container cover 12 cover dynamic seal
 13 顶盖密封轴 14 排液管  The cap 13 seals the drain tube shaft 14
 15 清洗容器 16 自转转盘  The cleaning vessel 16 rotates the turntable 15
 17 自转轴 18 公转转盘  17 male around the disc rotation axis 18
 19 卡套接头 20 皮带  19 20 belt fittings
 21 带轮。  21 pulley.
具体实施方式 detailed description
 下面，参照附图和实施例对本发明一种行星式清洗装置进行详细说明:  Referring to the drawings and examples of a planetary cleaning apparatus of the present invention is described in detail:
 如图1、2所示，一种行星式清洗装置，包括公转电机1、公转轴5、公转转盘18、自转电机8、自转轴17和自转转盘16，公转电机I通过皮带20和带轮21的传动与公转轴5连接，公转轴5与公转转盘18固连，公转转盘18通过轴承与自转轴17连接，自转电机8通过皮带20和带轮21的传动与中间带轮2连接，中间带轮2通过皮带20和带轮21的传动分别与两个自转轴17连接，自转轴17与自转转盘16固连，中间带轮2和公转轴5分别通过轴承与垂直固定在支架7上的支架筒6连接，自转转盘16与清洗容器15通过螺栓固连，清洗容器15与清洗容器顶盖11之间通过螺栓9固连，清洗容器顶盖11通过顶盖动密封12及轴承与顶盖密封轴13之间连接，排液管14从清洗容器15伸出，与顶盖密封轴13固连，同心穿过公转轴5，与公转轴5保持相对静止，与外部管道通过动密封4连接。  1 and 2 A planetary cleaning apparatus comprising a motor revolution, the revolution axis 5, the public around the disc 18, the rotation of the motor 8, the rotation axis 17 and the rotation of the turntable 16, the revolution motor 20 through a belt and I pulley drive shaft 5 is connected with the public 21 male shaft 5 and the public around the disc 18 is fixedly connected, the public around the bearing plate 18 and rotation axis 17 is connected through the rotation of the motor 8 2 is connected through a belt and pulley drive 20 and the intermediate pulley 21 intermediate pulley 2 is connected with the rotation of the turntable 16 rotation axis 17 is fixedly connected, and the male intermediate pulley 2 through bearings and shaft 5 are mounted vertically in the bracket 20 through a belt and pulley drive 21, respectively, with the two rotation axis 17 7 6 on the bracket tube connection, the rotation of the turntable 16 and the cleaning vessel 15 is fixedly connected by bolts, clean container and cleaning the container cover 15 between 11 is fixedly connected by bolts 9, the cleaning vessel head 11 through the cap 12 and the bearing and the dynamic seal sealed shaft connection between the cover 13, the discharge pipe 14 extending from the cleaning container 15, and the cap sealing the shaft 13 is fixedly connected, concentric shaft 5 through the public, and the public remains relatively stationary shaft 5, and external piping through dynamic seal 4 connections.
 所述清洗容器15外壁包覆有用于加热清洗溶剂的加热夹套10。  The cleaning vessel 15 for heating the outer wall is coated with a cleaning solvent heating jacket 10.
 所述公转轴5和自转轴17上均安装有用于公转自转运动条件下信号线和动力线连接的导电滑环3。  The male shaft 5 and the rotation axis 17 are mounted on a conductive swivel movement for public switched under conditions of signal lines and power lines connected to the slip ring 3. 外部动力线和信号线依次通过公转轴上的导电滑环，自转轴上的导电滑环，与加热夹套连接。 External power lines and signal lines passes through slip ring revolution axis on the rotation axis of the conductive slip ring, connecting with a heating jacket.
 所述公转轴5为空心轴。  The male shaft 5 is a hollow shaft.
 所述清洗容器15为圆形或多边形截面容器。  The cleaning vessel 15 is a circular or polygonal cross-section container.
 所述清洗容器15和排液管14采用耐腐蚀的不锈钢、聚四氟乙烯材料，所述动密封4和顶盖动密封12采用耐腐蚀的聚四氟乙烯波纹管。  The cleaning vessel 15 and discharge pipe 14 of corrosion-resistant stainless steel, PTFE, the dynamic sealing 4 movable seal 12 and the top cover of corrosion-resistant PTFE bellows.
 本发明的使用方法:  The method of the invention:
 清洗前，首先拆开排液管14上的卡套接头19，以及清洗容器顶盖11与清洗容器15之间的螺栓9，以使清洗容器顶盖11、顶盖动密封12、顶盖密封轴13和排液管14整体与清洗容器15分离，加入待清洗的板状多孔结构部件，将其固定装卡在清洗容器15内，然后再将清洗容器顶盖11、顶盖动密封12、顶盖密封轴13和排液管14整体原位装回清洗容器15，连接排液管14上的卡套接头19，通过栗和外部管道向清洗容器15内加入一定量的清洗溶液。  Before cleaning, first open the drain pipe fittings 14 19, and 11 and the cleaning vessel head bolt clean container between 15 9 to the cleaning vessel head 11, cover dynamic seal 12, shaft seal cap 13 and outlet tube 14 integral with the separation of purge vessel 15, is added to be cleaned plate-like porous structure member fixedly mounted to the card in the cleaning vessel 15, and then the cleaning vessel lid 11, the movable cover seal 12, 13 and 14 overall in situ draining tube cap shaft seal Replace cleaning container 15, connecting the drain pipe fittings 14 19 15 added to the cleaning vessel certain amount of cleaning solution through chestnut and external piping . 清洗时，同时开启公转电机I和自转电机8，公转电机I带动公转轴5转动，从而带动公转转盘18和清洗容器15公转，自转电机8通过中间带轮2、自转轴17带动自转转盘16和清洗容器15自转，两个运动复合为清洗容器15的行星运动，实现清洗，此时在公转作用下，溶液聚集在清洗容器外侧，并沿高度方向爬升，又因为自转的作用，能使清洗溶液在容器内紊流流动，清洗溶液循环冲刷板状多孔结构部件，从而实现以较少的清洗溶液完成对多孔板状部件的完全冲刷。 When cleaning, while open revolution motors I and rotation motor 8, revolution motor I drive well shaft 5 is rotated so as to drive the public around the disc 18 and the cleaning vessel 15 revolution and rotation motor 8 through the middle pulley 2, the rotation axis 17 to drive the rotation of the turntable 16 and cleaning vessel 15 rotates, the two motor complex planetary motion of the cleaning vessel 15, to achieve cleaning, this time under the effect of the revolution, the cleaning solution is gathered outside of the container, and climb the height direction, and because the role of rotation, the cleaning solution can In the turbulent flow within the vessel, the cleaning solution circulation flushing plate-porous structural components, in order to achieve complete with less cleaning solution completely scour the porous plate member. 清洗结束后，关闭自转电机8，仅开启公转电机I时，自转转盘16仅做公转，从而清洗容器15仅作公转运动，在公转离心力作用下，多孔板状部件表面和内部的清洗溶液被甩出，在栗的作用下，经排液管14和外部管道排出，实现清洗溶液与板状多孔结构部件的分离，从而降低板状部件表面的清洗溶液滞留。 After the cleaning is finished, close the rotation motor 8, only open when the revolution motor I, the rotation of the turntable 16 is only for the revolution, thereby cleaning vessel 15 is only for orbital motion in the revolving centrifugal force, the cleaning solution of the porous plate member surface and internal dumped out, under the effect of Li, the drain pipe 14 and the external discharge duct, to achieve separation of the cleaning solution and the plate-like member of porous structure, thereby reducing the cleaning solution retention plate member surface. 本发明采取夹套方式对清洗容器加热，从而保证清洗过程中的温度要求。 The present invention takes the cleaning vessel heating jacket manner, so as to ensure the cleaning process temperature requirements.
 本发明所述清洗装置采取两个电机分别带动并控制清洗容器15自转和公转，自转转速和公转转速分别可调，可实现转速可调的行星运动和圆周运动。  The present invention purging means taking two motors are driven and controlled cleaning vessel 15 rotation and revolution, rotation speed and revolution speed are adjustable, can achieve speed adjustable planetary motion and circular motion. 清洗装置在做行星运动时，清洗单元内的溶液在离心力以及哥氏力的作用下紊流流动，可大幅度减少清洗液用量。 Cleaning device in a planetary motion, the cleaning solution within the cell turbulent flow under the influence of centrifugal force and the Coriolis force, can significantly reduce the amount of cleaning solution.
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|25 Dic 2013||C06||Publication|
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|18 Nov 2015||C14||Grant of patent or utility model|