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Número de publicaciónCN104426414 A
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudCN 201310372569
Fecha de publicación18 Mar 2015
Fecha de presentación23 Ago 2013
Fecha de prioridad23 Ago 2013
También publicado comoCN104426414B, WO2015024392A1
Número de publicación201310372569.6, CN 104426414 A, CN 104426414A, CN 201310372569, CN-A-104426414, CN104426414 A, CN104426414A, CN201310372569, CN201310372569.6
Inventores孙利佳, 丁超, 王竹, 赵豪
Solicitante纳米新能源(唐山)有限责任公司
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  SIPO, Espacenet
Power generation effect-improved friction generator and preparation method thereof
CN 104426414 A
Resumen
The invention provides a power generation effect-improved friction generator and a preparation method thereof. The method includes the following steps that: (1) at least one side surface of a viscous material thin film is coated with nano particles, so that a nano thin film layer can be obtained; and (2) a friction generator is prepared, and a first polymeric material layer, and/or a second polymer material layer, and/or an intermediate film layer is composed of the nano thin film layer obtained in the step (1). With the friction generator of the invention adopted, the viscidity of the viscous material thin film, which is embodied when the viscous material thin film rubs a smooth surface, can be effectively decreased, and therefore, rapid separation of two friction layers can be separated, and the friction generator can work steadily.
Reclamaciones(44)  traducido del chino
1. 一种摩擦发电机的制备方法,该方法包括: (1) 在粘性材料薄膜至少一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒,得到纳米薄膜层; (2) 制成摩擦发电机, 所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,和第二电极层;或者所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层;或者所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,居间电极层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层;或者所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,居间薄膜层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层; 其中,第一聚合物材料层,和/或第二聚合物材料层,和/或居间薄膜层由步骤(1)所得纳米薄膜层构成。 A method for preparing a friction generator, the method comprising: (1) at least one surface of the adhesive material film coated nanoparticles, to obtain a nano thin film layer; (2) made of friction the generator, the generator friction It comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, and a second electrode layer; or the friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer; or the friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, intervening electrode layer, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer; or the friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, intermediate film layer, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer; wherein, a first layer of polymeric material, and / or the second layer of polymeric material , and / or intervening film layer is made in step (1) the obtained nano-film layer.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,所述粘性材料薄膜所用材料是聚二甲基硅氧烷或软质聚氯乙烯。 2. The process according to the friction of the generator according to claim 1, characterized in that the adhesive material is a film material used polydimethylsiloxane or soft polyvinyl chloride.
3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒是非金属纳米颗粒或金属纳米颗粒。 3. The production method according to claim 1 or claim 2 friction generator, wherein the nanoparticles are non-metallic nanoparticles or metal nanoparticles.
4. 根据权利要求3所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒是纳米二氧化娃,纳米二氧化钛,纳米氧化锌,纳米三氧化二铁,纳米氧化错,纳米碳酸興,纳米硫酸钡,纳米钛酸钡,纳米锡酸钡,纳米聚苯胺,纳米碳化娃,纳米氮化娃,如下金属的纳米碳化物或纳米氮化物:Cr、Ti、V、Zr、Mo、W ;纳米金颗粒,纳米银颗粒,纳米Ag-Cu合金颗粒,或纳米Au-Cu合金颗粒。 4. The preparation of friction generator according to claim 3, wherein the nanoparticles are nano baby dioxide, titanium dioxide, nano-zinc oxide, nano ferric oxide, nano-zirconia nano carbonate Xing nano barium sulfate, barium titanate, nanometer tin, barium, nano polyaniline nanometer carbonized baby, baby nanometer nitride as metal carbide or nano nano nitrides: Cr, Ti, V, Zr, Mo, W ; gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles, nano-Ag-Cu alloy particles, or nano-Au-Cu alloy particles.
5. 根据权利要求3或4所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,将纳米颗粒的固体粉末涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上。 5. A process according to claim 3 or claim 4, wherein the friction generator, characterized in that the solid powder coating nanoparticles viscous material on at least one side surface of the film.
6. 根据权利要求3或4所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,将纳米颗粒分散在有机溶剂中,得到浆料,然后将浆料涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上。 6. The method for preparing the friction generator 3 or claim 4, wherein, wherein the nanoparticles are dispersed in an organic solvent to obtain a slurry, and the slurry is coated on at least one side surface of the film the adhesive material on.
7. 根据权利要求6所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,所述有机溶剂是乙醇, 异丙醇,丙酮或正己烷。 7. The method for preparing the friction generator according to claim 6, characterized in that the organic solvent is ethanol, isopropanol, acetone or n-hexane.
8. 根据权利要求3-7任一项所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆〇. 〇lg-〇. 5g。 8. The production method according to any one of claims 3-7 frictional generator according to claim, characterized in that the amount of the nanoparticle coated film surface is coated with a viscous material per square meter square. 〇lg-square. 5g .
9. 根据权利要求8所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆〇. 〇lg-〇. lg。 9. A method for preparing friction generator according to claim 8, characterized in that the amount of the nanoparticle coated film surface is coated with a viscous material per square meter square. 〇lg-square. Lg.
10. 根据权利要求8或9所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒粒径为5nm-800nm。 10. A process according to claim 8 or claim 9, wherein the friction generator, wherein diameter of the nanoparticles 5nm-800nm.
11. 一种摩擦发电机,其特征在于,包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,和第二电极层,其中第一聚合物材料层所用材料是在粘性材料薄膜一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层,所述纳米薄膜层的涂覆纳米颗粒的侧表面相对第二电极层设置。 11. A friction generator, characterized in that the laminate comprises a first electrode layer disposed, a first layer of polymeric material, and a second electrode layer, wherein the first layer of polymeric material is a material used in the viscous material film side Nano-film layer obtained by surface coating the nanoparticles, the nano-side surface of the film layer coated nanoparticles disposed relative to the second electrode layer.
12. 根据权利要求11所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述粘性材料薄膜所用材料是聚二甲基硅氧烷或软质聚氯乙烯。 Friction generator according to claim 11, characterized in that the adhesive material is a film material used polydimethylsiloxane or soft polyvinyl chloride.
13. 根据权利要求11或12所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒是非金属纳米颗粒或金属纳米颗粒。 According to claim 11 or 12, wherein the friction generator, wherein the nanoparticles are non-metallic nanoparticles or metal nanoparticles.
14. 根据权利要求13所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒是纳米二氧化硅, 纳米二氧化钛,纳米氧化锌,纳米三氧化二铁,纳米氧化错,纳米碳酸興,纳米硫酸钡,纳米钛酸钡,纳米锡酸钡,纳米聚苯胺,纳米碳化娃,纳米氮化娃,如下金属的纳米碳化物或纳米氮化物:Cr、Ti、V、Zr、Mo、W ;纳米金颗粒,纳米银颗粒,纳米Ag-Cu合金颗粒,或纳米Au-Cu 合金颗粒。 Friction generator according to claim 13, characterized in that the nanoparticles are nano-silica, titanium dioxide, nano-zinc oxide, nano ferric oxide, nano-zirconia, nano-carbonate-hing, Nano sulfuric acid barium, barium titanate, nanometer tin, barium, nano polyaniline nanometer carbonized baby, baby nanometer nitride as metal carbide or nano nano nitrides: Cr, Ti, V, Zr, Mo, W; nanogold particles, nano silver particles, nano-Ag-Cu alloy particles, Au-Cu alloy or nano-particles.
15. 根据权利要求11-14任一项所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,将纳米颗粒的固体粉末涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 15. A production method according to any one of claims 11-14 friction generator according to claim, characterized in that the solid powder coating nanoparticles on at least one surface of the adhesive material film to obtain a nano-film layer.
16. 根据权利要求11-14任一项所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,将纳米颗粒分散在有机溶剂中,得到浆料,然后将浆料涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 16. The method for producing a friction generator 11-14 according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the nanoparticles are dispersed in an organic solvent to obtain a slurry, and then the slurry was coated on the adhesive material film at least On one side of the surface, to obtain a nano thin film layer.
17. 根据权利要求15或16所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆〇. 〇lg-〇. 5g。 According to claim 15 or 16, wherein the friction generator, wherein an amount of the nanoparticle coated film surface is coated with a viscous material per square meter square.. 5g 〇lg-square.
18. 根据权利要求15或16所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆0. 01g-0. lg。 According to claim 15 or 16, wherein the friction generator, wherein an amount of the nanoparticle coated film surface is coated with a viscous material per square meter 0. 01g-0. Lg.
19. 根据权利要求17或18所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒粒径为5nm-800nm〇 19. The friction generator according to claim 17 or claim 18, characterized in that the diameter of 5nm-nanoparticle 800nm〇
20. 根据权利要求11-19任一项所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,第一电极层所用材料是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、 铬、锡、铁、猛、钥、鹤或钥;;合金是错合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、 镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金; 第二电极层所用材料是金属或合金,其中金属可以是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、 锡、铁、猛、钥、鹤或钥;;合金可以是错合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 20. The claims 11-19 wherein the generator according to any friction, characterized in that the material for the first electrode layer is indium tin oxide, graphene, silver nanowire film, a metal or an alloy, wherein the metal is gold , silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, fierce, key, key ;; crane or alloy is wrong alloys, titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper, zinc alloy, Meng alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys; a second electrode layer material is a metal or alloy, wherein the metal can gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, fierce, key, key ;; crane or alloys may be wrong alloys, titanium, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloy, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys.
21. -种摩擦发电机,其特征在于,包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层,其中,第一聚合物材料层和第二聚合物材料层中的至少一层所用材料是在粘性材料薄膜一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层。 21. - species friction generator, characterized in that the laminate comprises a first electrode layer disposed, a first layer of polymeric material, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer, wherein the first layer of polymeric material and Second layer of polymeric material in at least one of the materials used in the thin film layer is a nano-film side surface of the adhesive material is coated nanoparticles obtained.
22. 根据权利要求21所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述粘性材料薄膜所用材料是聚二甲基硅氧烷或软质聚氯乙烯。 22. A friction generator according to claim 21, characterized in that the adhesive material is a film material used polydimethylsiloxane or soft polyvinyl chloride.
23. 根据权利要求21或22所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒是非金属纳米颗粒或金属纳米颗粒。 23. A according to claim 21 or 22 wherein the friction generator, wherein the nanoparticles are non-metallic nanoparticles or metal nanoparticles.
24. 根据权利要求23所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒是纳米二氧化硅, 纳米二氧化钛,纳米氧化锌,纳米三氧化二铁,纳米氧化错,纳米碳酸興,纳米硫酸钡,钛酸钡,锡酸钡,聚苯胺,碳化娃,氮化娃,如下金属的纳米碳化物或纳米氮化物:Cr、Ti、V、Zr、 Mo、W ;纳米金颗粒,纳米银颗粒,纳米Ag-Cu合金颗粒,或纳米Au-Cu合金颗粒。 24. The friction generator according to claim 23, characterized in that the nanoparticles are nano-silica, titanium dioxide, nano-zinc oxide, nano ferric oxide, nano-zirconia, nano-carbonate-hing, Nano sulfuric acid barium, barium titanate, tin, barium, polyaniline, carbonation baby, baby nitride as metal carbide or nano nano nitrides: Cr, Ti, V, Zr, Mo, W; gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles , nano-Ag-Cu alloy particles, Au-Cu alloy or nano-particles.
25. 根据权利要求21-24任一项所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,将纳米颗粒的固体粉末涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 25. A production method according to any one of claims 21-24 friction generator according to claim, characterized in that the solid powder coating nanoparticles on at least one surface of the adhesive material film to obtain a nano-film layer.
26. 根据权利要求21-24任一项所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,将纳米颗粒分散在有机溶剂中,得到浆料,然后将浆料涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 26. A production method according to any one of claims 21-24 friction generator according to claim, characterized in that the nanoparticles are dispersed in an organic solvent to obtain a slurry, and then the slurry was coated on the adhesive material film at least On one side of the surface, to obtain a nano thin film layer.
27. 根据权利要求25或26所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆〇. 〇lg-〇. 5g。 27. A according to claim 25 or 26, wherein the friction generator, wherein an amount of the nanoparticle coated film surface is coated with a viscous material per square meter square.. 5g 〇lg-square.
28. 根据权利要求27所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆〇. 〇lg-〇. lg。 28. The friction generator according to claim 27, characterized in that the amount of coating of the nanoparticle thin film coated with a viscous material per square meter of surface billion. 〇lg-billion. Lg.
29. 根据权利要求27或28所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒粒径为5nm-800nm〇 29. The friction generator according to claim 27 or claim 28, characterized in that the diameter of 5nm-nanoparticle 800nm〇
30. 根据权利要求21-29任一项所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述摩擦发电机进一步包括居间电极层,所述居间电极层设置在第一聚合物材料层和第二聚合物材料层之间。 30. The claims 21-29 wherein the generator according to any friction, characterized in that said generator further comprises a friction intervening electrode layers, said intervening layer is disposed on the first electrode layer and the second polymeric material polymerization between the material layers.
31. 根据权利要求30所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述居间电极层为金属、金属氧化物、合金层,或图形化金属线-高分子聚合物层叠体,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、 铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、猛、钥、鹤或钥;;合金是错合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、 猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金,金属氧化物为铟锡氧化物。 31. A friction generator according to claim 30, characterized in that the intermediate electrode layer is a metal, a metal oxide, an alloy layer, or a patterned metal wire - polymer stacked body, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, fierce, key, key ;; crane or alloy is wrong alloys, titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, Meng alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloy, a metal oxide is indium tin oxide.
32. 根据权利要求21-31任一项所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,第一电极层和第二电极层所用材料是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、 铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或1凡;合金是铝合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 32. The claims 21-31 wherein the generator according to any friction, characterized in that the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer is indium tin oxide material, graphene, silver nanowire film, a metal or alloy wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or 1 Fan; alloys are aluminum, titanium, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloy, zinc alloy, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys.
33. 根据权利要求21-32任一项所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,当第一聚合物材料层或第二聚合物材料层不采用纳米薄膜层时,其所用材料选自聚酰亚胺薄膜、苯胺甲醛树脂薄膜、聚甲醛薄膜、乙基纤维素薄膜、聚酰胺薄膜、三聚氰胺甲醛薄膜、聚乙二醇丁二酸酯薄膜、纤维素薄膜、纤维素乙酸酯薄膜、聚己二酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚邻苯二甲酸二烯丙酯薄膜、纤维素海绵薄膜、再生海绵薄膜、聚氨酯弹性体薄膜、苯乙烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、苯乙烯丁二烯共聚物薄膜、人造纤维薄膜、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇薄膜、聚异丁烯薄膜、聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇缩丁醛薄膜、甲醛苯酚缩聚物薄膜、氯丁橡胶薄膜、丁二烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、天然橡胶薄膜、聚丙烯腈薄膜、丙烯腈氯乙烯共聚物薄膜中的任意一种。 33. According to one of the friction generator any one of claims 21-32, wherein, when the first layer of polymeric material or second polymeric material layer does not use nano-thin film layer, they use material is selected from polyamide polyimide film, aniline-formaldehyde resin film, a polyoxymethylene film, ethylcellulose film, a polyamide film, a film of melamine formaldehyde, polyethylene glycol succinate ester film, cellulose film, cellulose acetate film, polyhexamethylene ethylene terephthalate film, polyethylene film diallyl phthalate, cellulose sponges, films, sponges reproducing film, a polyurethane elastomer film, styrene-propylene copolymer film, a styrene-butadiene copolymer film, artificial fiber film, polymethyl methacrylate film, a polyvinyl alcohol film, polyisobutylene film, polyethylene terephthalate film, a polyvinyl butyral film, phenol formaldehyde polycondensate films, neoprene film, propylene-butadiene copolymer film, a natural rubber film, polyacrylonitrile film, acrylonitrile-vinyl chloride copolymer film of any one.
34. -种摩擦发电机,其特征在于,包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,居间薄膜层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层,其中,第一聚合物材料层和居间薄膜层中的至少一层,和/或第二聚合物材料层和居间薄膜层中的至少一层所用材料是粘性材料薄膜侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层。 34. - species friction generator, characterized in that the laminate comprises a first electrode layer disposed, a first layer of polymeric material, intermediate film layer, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer, wherein the first polymer material layer and the intervening film layers at least one layer, and / or the second layer of polymeric material and intervening film layers at least one of the materials used is nano-film layer side surface of the adhesive material film coated nanoparticles obtained.
35. 根据权利要求34所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述粘性材料薄膜所用材料是聚二甲基硅氧烷或软质聚氯乙烯。 35. A friction generator according to claim 34, characterized in that the adhesive material is a film material used polydimethylsiloxane or soft polyvinyl chloride.
36. 根据权利要求34或35所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒是非金属纳米颗粒或金属纳米颗粒。 36. A according to claim 34 or 35, wherein the friction generator, wherein the nanoparticles are non-metallic nanoparticles or metal nanoparticles.
37. 根据权利要求36所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒是纳米二氧化硅, 纳米二氧化钛,纳米氧化锌,纳米三氧化二铁,纳米氧化错,纳米碳酸興,纳米硫酸钡,钛酸钡,锡酸钡,聚苯胺,碳化娃,氮化娃,如下金属的纳米碳化物或纳米氮化物:Cr、Ti、V、Zr、 Mo、W ;纳米金颗粒,纳米银颗粒,纳米Ag-Cu合金颗粒,或纳米Au-Cu合金颗粒。 37. The friction generator according to claim 36, characterized in that the nanoparticles are nano-silica, titanium dioxide, nano-zinc oxide, nano ferric oxide, nano-zirconia, nano-carbonate-hing, Nano sulfuric acid barium, barium titanate, tin, barium, polyaniline, carbonation baby, baby nitride as metal carbide or nano nano nitrides: Cr, Ti, V, Zr, Mo, W; gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles , nano-Ag-Cu alloy particles, Au-Cu alloy or nano-particles.
38. 根据权利要求34-37任一项所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,将纳米颗粒的固体粉末涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 38. A production method according to any one of claims 34-37 friction generator according to claim, characterized in that the solid powder coating nanoparticles on at least one surface of the adhesive material film to obtain a nano-film layer.
39. 根据权利要求34-37任一项所述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,其特征在于,将纳米颗粒分散在有机溶剂中,得到浆料,然后将浆料涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 39. A production method according to any one of claims 34-37 friction generator according to claim, characterized in that the nanoparticles are dispersed in an organic solvent to obtain a slurry, and then the slurry was coated on the adhesive material film at least On one side of the surface, to obtain a nano thin film layer.
40. 根据权利要求38或39所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆〇. 〇lg-〇. 5g。 40. The according to claim 38 or 39 wherein the friction generator, wherein an amount of the nanoparticle coated film surface is coated with a viscous material per square meter square.. 5g 〇lg-square.
41. 根据权利要求40所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆〇. 〇lg-〇. lg。 41. The friction generator according to claim 40, characterized in that the amount of coating of the nanoparticle thin film coated with a viscous material per square meter of surface billion. 〇lg-billion. Lg.
42. 根据权利要求40或41所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,所述纳米颗粒粒径为5nm-800nm〇 42. A generator according to claim 40 or 41 wherein the friction, characterized in that the diameter of 5nm-nanoparticle 800nm〇
43. 根据权利要求34-42任一项所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,第一电极层和第二电极层所用材料是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、 铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或1凡;合金是铝合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 43. The claims 34-42 wherein the generator according to any friction, characterized in that the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer is indium tin oxide material, graphene, silver nanowire film, a metal or alloy wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or 1 Fan; alloys are aluminum, titanium, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloy, zinc alloy, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys.
44. 根据权利要求34-43任一项所述的摩擦发电机,其特征在于,当第一聚合物材料层,或居间薄膜层,或第二聚合物材料层不采用纳米薄膜层时,其所用材料选自聚酰亚胺薄膜、苯胺甲醛树脂薄膜、聚甲醛薄膜、乙基纤维素薄膜、聚酰胺薄膜、三聚氰胺甲醛薄膜、聚乙二醇丁二酸酯薄膜、纤维素薄膜、纤维素乙酸酯薄膜、聚己二酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚邻苯二甲酸二烯丙酯薄膜、纤维素海绵薄膜、再生海绵薄膜、聚氨酯弹性体薄膜、苯乙烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、苯乙烯丁二烯共聚物薄膜、人造纤维薄膜、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇薄膜、 聚异丁烯薄膜、聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇缩丁醛薄膜、甲醛苯酚缩聚物薄膜、 氯丁橡胶薄膜、丁二烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、天然橡胶薄膜、聚丙烯腈薄膜、丙烯腈氯乙烯共聚物薄膜中的任意一种。 44. According to one of the friction generator any one of claims 34-43, wherein, when the first layer of polymeric material, or intermediate film layer, or second layer of polymeric material without the use of nano thin film layer As used material is selected from polyimide film, aniline-formaldehyde resin film, a polyoxymethylene film, ethylcellulose film, a polyamide film, a film of melamine formaldehyde, polyethylene glycol succinate ester film, a cellulose film, a cellulose acetate acetate film, polyethylene adipate film, polyethylene film diallyl phthalate, cellulose sponges, films, sponges reproducing film, a polyurethane elastomer film, styrene-propylene copolymer film, styrene-butadiene copolymer film, rayon film, polymethyl methacrylate film, a polyvinyl alcohol film, polyisobutylene film, polyethylene terephthalate film, a polyvinyl butyral film, phenol formaldehyde polycondensate films , neoprene film, a propylene-butadiene copolymer film, natural rubber film, polyacrylonitrile film, acrylonitrile vinyl chloride copolymer film of any one.
Descripción  traducido del chino
发电效果改善的摩擦发电机及其制备方法 Friction power generator and a preparation method effect improvement

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及纳米材料领域,尤其是涉及一种应用纳米材料的摩擦发电机。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of nano-materials, particularly to a friction generator application of nanomaterials.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,能源问题是影响人类进步和可持续发展的重大课题之一。 [0002] Currently, the energy issue is one of the major issues affecting human progress and sustainable development. 各种围绕新能源开发、可重复利用再生能源的研究正在世界各地如火如荼地进行着。 All kinds around the new energy development, reusable study is the use of renewable energy around the world in full swing.

[0003] 采用摩擦技术构建的能量收集和转换装置,在自供电纳米系统中起关键作用。 [0003] The friction technology to build energy collection and conversion means, from the self-powered nanosystems a key role in. 并且,由于其具备环保、成本低、自驱动等特性,受到了广泛关注。 And, because of its with environmental protection, low cost, self-propelled and other characteristics, has been widespread concern. 随着王中林教授研究组研发的压电摩擦发电机实现机械能转换为电能以来,以压电和摩擦电为基础的不同结构和材料的摩擦发电机相继问世。 As Professor Wang Zhonglin research group developed a piezoelectric generator friction achieve mechanical energy is converted to electrical energy since, piezoelectric and triboelectric based structure and materials of different friction generator after another. 目前,摩擦发电机已能够驱动小型液晶显示屏、低功率发光二极管以及微型电子器件和模块等。 Currently, the friction generators have been able to drive a small liquid crystal display, low-power light emitting diodes and micro-electronic components and modules.

[0004] 其中,柔性透明摩擦发电机一经报道就引起了人们的广泛关注。 [0004] wherein the flexible transparent friction generator once reported it caused widespread concern. 在该类摩擦发电机的制作中,粘性材料薄膜例如聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)或软质聚氯乙烯(PVC)是首选的性能优异材料之一。 Friction generator in such production, the adhesive material film such as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) or soft polyvinylchloride (PVC) is one of the excellent properties of the preferred materials. 其中PDMS不但具有优良的柔性,高透光率,同时还具有很好的生物相容性,为该类摩擦发电机提供了广泛的应用空间。 PDMS which not only has excellent flexibility, high transmittance, but also has good biocompatibility, for the class friction generator provides a broad application space. 用于制作柔性透明摩擦发电机的PDMS在固化成膜后具有很好的橡胶弹性和变形性,当与另一光滑面接触后会紧密吸附在该表面,同时由于排尽了两接触面间的空气,大气压强进一步造成两摩擦面难以分离,因而直接制作的摩擦发电机难以有较好的输出性能。 For the production of flexible transparent PDMS friction generator in the cured film has good rubber elasticity and deformation, when the other will work closely in contact with the smooth surface adsorption on the surface, and because the drain between the two contact surfaces air, atmospheric pressure causing further two friction surfaces is difficult to separate, thus making direct friction generator output is difficult to have good performance.

发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是:克服现有柔性摩擦发电机输出性能的缺陷,提供了一种发电效果改善的摩擦发电机及其制备方法,可以明显提高摩擦发电机的输出性能。 Technical Problem [0005] The present invention is to solve is: to overcome the existing flexible friction generator output performance deficiencies, provides a friction power generator and a method for preparing an improved effect can significantly improve output performance friction generator.

[0006] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供的第一技术方案,一种摩擦发电机的制备方法,该方法包括: [0006] In order to solve the above problems, a first aspect of the present invention provides a method for preparing a friction generator, the method comprising:

[0007] (1)在粘性材料薄膜至少一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒,得到纳米薄膜层; [0007] (1) at least one surface of the adhesive material film coated nanoparticles, to obtain a nano thin film layer;

[0008] (2)制成摩擦发电机, [0008] (2) made of friction generator,

[0009]所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,和第二电极层; 或者所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层;或者所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,居间电极层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层;或者所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,居间薄膜层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层; [0009] The friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, and a second electrode layer; or the friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first polymeric material layer, the second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer; or the friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, intervening electrode layer, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer; or the friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, intermediate film layer, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer;

[0010] 其中,第一聚合物材料层,和/或第二聚合物材料层,和/或居间薄膜层由步骤(1) 所得纳米薄膜层构成。 [0010] wherein the first layer of polymeric material, and / or the second layer of polymeric material, and / or intervening film layer from step (1) the obtained nano-thin film layers.

[0011] 前述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,所述粘性材料薄膜所用材料是聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)或软质PVC。 [0011] The method for preparing the aforementioned friction generator, the adhesive material is a film material used polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) or soft PVC.

[0012]本发明所述软质PVC为增塑剂添加量大于25重量份的PVC,该软质PVC可以市购得到。 [0012] The present invention is soft PVC plasticizer added is more than 25 parts by weight of PVC, soft PVC which can be obtained commercially.

[0013] 前述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,所述纳米颗粒是非金属纳米颗粒或金属纳米颗粒。 [0013] The method for preparing the aforementioned friction generator, the nanoparticles are non-metallic nanoparticles or metal nanoparticles.

[0014] 前述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,所述纳米颗粒是纳米二氧化硅,纳米二氧化钛,纳米氧化锌,纳米三氧化二铁,纳米氧化铝,纳米碳酸钙,纳米硫酸钡,纳米钛酸钡,纳米锡酸钡,纳米聚苯胺,纳米碳化娃,纳米氮化娃,如下金属的纳米碳化物或纳米氮化物:Cr、Ti、V、 Zr、Mo、W;纳米金颗粒,纳米银颗粒,纳米Ag-Cu合金颗粒,或纳米Au-Cu合金颗粒。 Preparation [0014] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are nano-silica, titanium dioxide, nano-zinc oxide, nano ferric oxide, nano-alumina, calcium carbonate, barium sulfate nano, nano titanate barium, nano-tin, barium, nano polyaniline nanometer carbonized baby, baby nanometer nitride as metal carbide or nano nano nitrides: Cr, Ti, V, Zr, Mo, W; gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles , nano-Ag-Cu alloy particles, Au-Cu alloy or nano-particles.

[0015] 前述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,将纳米颗粒的固体粉末涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上。 Preparation Method [0015] The foregoing friction generator, the solid powder coating nanoparticles adhesive material on at least one surface of the film.

[0016] 前述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,将纳米颗粒分散在有机溶剂中,得到浆料,然后将浆料涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上。 Preparation Method [0016] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are dispersed in an organic solvent to obtain a slurry, and then the slurry was coated on the surface of the adhesive material on at least one side of the film.

[0017] 前述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,所述有机溶剂是乙醇,异丙醇,丙酮或正己烷。 [0017] The method for preparing the aforementioned friction generator, the organic solvent is ethanol, isopropanol, acetone or n-hexane.

[0018] 前述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆〇·Olg-O. 5g。 [0018] The method for preparing the aforementioned friction generator, an amount of the nanoparticle coated film surface is coated with a viscous material per square meter square · Olg-O. 5g.

[0019] 前述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆〇.Olg-O.lg。 [0019] The method for preparing the aforementioned friction generator, an amount of the nanoparticle coated film surface is coated with a viscous material per square meter 〇.Olg-O.lg.

[0020] 前述的摩擦发电机的制备方法,所述纳米颗粒粒径为5nm-800nm。 [0020] The method for preparing the aforementioned friction generator, the diameter of the nanoparticles 5nm-800nm.

[0021] 本发明提供的第二技术方案,一种摩擦发电机,包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,和第二电极层,其中第一聚合物材料层所用材料是在粘性材料薄膜一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层,所述纳米薄膜层的涂覆纳米颗粒的侧表面相对第二电极层设置。 [0021] The second aspect of the present invention provides a friction generator comprising a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, and a second electrode layer, wherein the first layer of polymeric material is a material used nano-film layer side of the adhesive material film obtained surface-coated nanoparticles, nano-film layer side surface of the coated nanoparticles disposed relative to the second electrode layer.

[0022] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述粘性材料薄膜所用材料是聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)或软质PVC。 [0022] The foregoing friction generator, the adhesive material is a film material used polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) or soft PVC.

[0023] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒是非金属纳米颗粒或金属纳米颗粒。 [0023] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are non-metallic nanoparticles or metal nanoparticles.

[0024] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒是纳米二氧化硅,纳米二氧化钛,纳米氧化锌, 纳米三氧化二铁,纳米氧化铝,纳米碳酸钙,纳米硫酸钡,纳米钛酸钡,纳米锡酸钡,纳米聚苯胺,纳米碳化娃,纳米氮化娃,如下金属的纳米碳化物或纳米氮化物:Cr、Ti、V、Zr、Mo、W; 纳米金颗粒,纳米银颗粒,纳米Ag-Cu合金颗粒,或纳米Au-Cu合金颗粒。 [0024] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are nano-silica, titanium dioxide, nano-zinc oxide, nano ferric oxide, nano-alumina, calcium carbonate, nano barium sulfate, barium titanate nano tin, barium, nano polyaniline nanometer carbonized baby, baby nanometer nitride as metal carbide or nano nano nitrides: Cr, Ti, V, Zr, Mo, W; gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles, nano-Ag -Cu alloy particles, or nano-Au-Cu alloy particles.

[0025] 前述的摩擦发电机,将纳米颗粒的固体粉末涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 [0025] The foregoing friction generator, the solid powder-coated nanoparticles in the adhesive material on at least one surface of the film, to obtain a nano thin film layer.

[0026] 前述的摩擦发电机,将纳米颗粒分散在有机溶剂中,得到浆料,然后将浆料涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 [0026] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are dispersed in an organic solvent to obtain a slurry, and the slurry is coated on at least one surface of the adhesive material film to obtain a nano-film layer.

[0027] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆0.Olg-O. 5g〇 [0027] The foregoing friction generator, the amount of coating said nanoparticles viscous material per square meter of film surface is coated 0.Olg-O. 5g〇

[0028] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆0.Olg-O.Ig0 [0028] The foregoing friction generator, the amount of coating of the nanoparticle surface is coated with a thin film material per square sticky 0.Olg-O.Ig0

[0029] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒粒径为5nm-800nm。 [0029] The foregoing friction generator, the diameter of the nanoparticles 5nm-800nm.

[0030] 前述的摩擦发电机,第一电极层所用材料是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钒;合金是铝合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金; [0030] The foregoing friction generator, a first electrode layer is indium tin oxide material, graphene, silver nanowire film, a metal or an alloy, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or vanadium; alloys are aluminum, titanium, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy , secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys;

[0031] 第二电极层所用材料是金属或合金,其中金属可以是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、 铬、锡、铁、猛、钥、鹤或钥;;合金可以是错合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 [0031] The second electrode layer material is a metal or alloy, wherein the metal may be gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, fierce, keyhole, crane or alloy key ;; It may be wrong alloys, titanium, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys.

[0032] 本发明提供的第三技术方案,一种摩擦发电机,包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层,其中,第一聚合物材料层和第二聚合物材料层中的至少一层所用材料是在粘性材料薄膜一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层。 [0032] The third aspect of the present invention provides a friction generator comprising a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer, wherein the first polymeric material layer and the second layer of polymeric material in at least one of the materials used in the film is a nano-film layer side surface of the adhesive material is coated nanoparticles obtained.

[0033]前述的摩擦发电机,所述粘性材料薄膜所用材料是聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)或软质PVC。 [0033] The foregoing friction generator, the adhesive material is a film material used polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) or soft PVC.

[0034]前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒是非金属纳米颗粒或金属纳米颗粒。 [0034] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are non-metallic nanoparticles or metal nanoparticles.

[0035]前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒是纳米二氧化硅,纳米二氧化钛,纳米氧化锌, 纳米三氧化二铁,纳米氧化铝,纳米碳酸钙,纳米硫酸钡,纳米钛酸钡,纳米锡酸钡,纳米聚苯胺,纳米碳化娃,纳米氮化娃,如下金属的纳米碳化物或纳米氮化物:Cr、Ti、V、Zr、Mo、W; 纳米金颗粒,纳米银颗粒,纳米Ag-Cu合金颗粒,或纳米Au-Cu合金颗粒。 [0035] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are nano-silica, titanium dioxide, nano-zinc oxide, nano ferric oxide, nano-alumina, calcium carbonate, nano barium sulfate, barium titanate nano tin, barium, nano polyaniline nanometer carbonized baby, baby nanometer nitride as metal carbide or nano nano nitrides: Cr, Ti, V, Zr, Mo, W; gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles, nano-Ag -Cu alloy particles, or nano-Au-Cu alloy particles.

[0036]前述的摩擦发电机,将纳米颗粒的固体粉末涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 [0036] The foregoing friction generator, the solid powder-coated nanoparticles in the adhesive material on at least one surface of the film, to obtain a nano thin film layer.

[0037]前述的摩擦发电机,将纳米颗粒分散在有机溶剂中,得到浆料,然后将浆料涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 [0037] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are dispersed in an organic solvent to obtain a slurry, and the slurry is coated on at least one surface of the adhesive material film to obtain a nano-film layer.

[0038]前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆0.Olg-O. 5g〇 [0038] The foregoing friction generator, the amount of coating said nanoparticles viscous material per square meter of film surface is coated 0.Olg-O. 5g〇

[0039]前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆0.Olg-O.Ig0 [0039] The foregoing friction generator, the amount of coating of the nanoparticle surface is coated with a thin film material per square sticky 0.Olg-O.Ig0

[0040]前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒粒径为5nm-800nm。 [0040] The foregoing friction generator, the diameter of the nanoparticles 5nm-800nm.

[0041]前述的摩擦发电机,所述摩擦发电机进一步包括居间电极层,所述居间电极层设置在第一聚合物材料层和第二聚合物材料层之间。 [0041] The foregoing friction generator, said generator further comprises a friction intervening electrode layers, said intervening layer is disposed between the first electrode material layer and the second polymeric layer of polymeric material.

[0042]前述的摩擦发电机,所述居间电极层为金属、金属氧化物、合金层,或图形化金属线-高分子聚合物层叠体,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钥;;合金是错合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、铋合金、铟合金、镓合金、钨合金、钥合金、铌合金或钽合金,金属氧化物为铟锡氧化物。 [0042] The foregoing friction generator, the intermediate electrode layer is a metal, a metal oxide, an alloy layer, or a patterned metal wire - polymer stacked body, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, key, or key ;; tungsten alloy is wrong alloys, titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloys, cadmium alloy, bismuth alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, tungsten alloy, key alloys, niobium alloys or tantalum alloy, a metal oxide is indium tin oxide.

[0043]本发明图形化金属线-高分子聚合物层叠体是在高分子聚合物层的一侧表面上通过热压、旋涂、刮涂或者丝网印刷金属、金属粉末或金属浆料,形成图形化金属线,从而制备得到的层叠体。 [0043] The present invention is patterned metal lines - polymer laminate is on the side surface of the polymer layer by hot pressing, spin coating, blade coating or screen printing a metal, a metal powder or a metal paste, forming a patterned metal wire, thereby preparing a laminated body obtained. 金属所用材料为金属或合金,其中,金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、 铬、硒、铁、猛、钥、鹤或钥;;合金是错合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、 镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 Metal material is a metal or alloy, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, selenium, iron, fierce, key, key ;; crane or alloy is wrong alloy, titanium , magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys. 本发明金属浆料包括粘合剂、金属粉末、稀释剂等。 Metal slurry of the present invention include binders, metal powders, such as thinner. 粘合剂和稀释剂均为制成金属浆料的常规成分。 Binder and diluent are made of conventional component metal slurry. 这里的图形化是能够导通的图形化,例如井字状结构、菱形状结构、Z字结构或叉指结构。 Here it is capable of conducting graphic graphical, such as tic-tac-like structure, diamond-shaped structure, Z word structure or interdigital structure.

[0044]前述的摩擦发电机,第一电极层和第二电极层所用材料是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钒; 合金是错合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、 镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 [0044] The foregoing friction generator, a first electrode layer and the second electrode layer is indium tin oxide material, graphene, silver nanowire film, a metal or an alloy, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum , nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or vanadium; alloy is wrong alloys, titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloys, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys.

[0045]前述的摩擦发电机,当第一聚合物材料层或第二聚合物材料层不采用纳米薄膜层时,其所用材料选自聚酰亚胺薄膜、苯胺甲醛树脂薄膜、聚甲醛薄膜、乙基纤维素薄膜、聚酰胺薄膜、三聚氰胺甲醛薄膜、聚乙二醇丁二酸酯薄膜、纤维素薄膜、纤维素乙酸酯薄膜、聚己二酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚邻苯二甲酸二烯丙酯薄膜、纤维素海绵薄膜、再生海绵薄膜、聚氨酯弹性体薄膜、苯乙烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、苯乙烯丁二烯共聚物薄膜、人造纤维薄膜、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇薄膜、聚异丁烯薄膜、聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇缩丁醛薄膜、甲醛苯酚缩聚物薄膜、氯丁橡胶薄膜、丁二烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、天然橡胶薄膜、聚丙烯腈薄膜、丙烯腈氯乙烯共聚物薄膜中的任意一种。 [0045] The foregoing friction generator, when the first polymeric material layer or the second layer of polymeric material without the use of nano thin film layer, they use material selected from polyimide film, aniline-formaldehyde resin film, POM films, ethyl cellulose film, a polyamide film, a film of melamine formaldehyde, polyethylene glycol succinate ester film, cellulose film, cellulose acetate film, polyethylene adipate film, polyethylene phthalate diallyl film, cellulose film sponge, renewable sponge film, a polyurethane elastomer film, styrene copolymer film, a styrene-butadiene copolymer film, rayon film, polymethyl methacrylate film, polyethylene alcohol film, polyisobutylene film, polyethylene terephthalate film, a polyvinyl butyral film, phenol formaldehyde polycondensate films, neoprene film, a propylene-butadiene copolymer film, a film of natural rubber, poly acrylonitrile film, vinyl chloride-acrylonitrile copolymer film of any one.

[0046] 本发明提供的第四技术方案,一种摩擦发电机,包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,居间薄膜层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层,其中,第一聚合物材料层和居间薄膜层中的至少一层,和/或第二聚合物材料层和居间薄膜层中的至少一层所用材料是粘性材料薄膜侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层。 [0046] The fourth aspect of the present invention provides a friction generator comprising a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, intermediate film layer, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer, wherein a first intervening layer of polymeric material and at least one thin film layer, and / or the second layer of polymeric material and intervening at least one thin film layer material used is a viscous material coated film side surface of the nanoparticles obtained nano-film layer.

[0047] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述粘性材料薄膜所用材料是聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)或软质PVC。 [0047] The foregoing friction generator, the adhesive material is a film material used polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) or soft PVC.

[0048] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒是非金属纳米颗粒或金属纳米颗粒。 [0048] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are non-metallic nanoparticles or metal nanoparticles.

[0049] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒是纳米二氧化硅,纳米二氧化钛,纳米氧化锌, 纳米三氧化二铁,纳米氧化铝,纳米碳酸钙,纳米硫酸钡,纳米钛酸钡,纳米锡酸钡,纳米聚苯胺,纳米碳化娃,纳米氮化娃,如下金属的纳米碳化物或纳米氮化物:Cr、Ti、V、Zr、Mo、W; 纳米金颗粒,纳米银颗粒,纳米Ag-Cu合金颗粒,或纳米Au-Cu合金颗粒。 [0049] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are nano-silica, titanium dioxide, nano-zinc oxide, nano ferric oxide, nano-alumina, calcium carbonate, nano barium sulfate, barium titanate nano tin, barium, nano polyaniline nanometer carbonized baby, baby nanometer nitride as metal carbide or nano nano nitrides: Cr, Ti, V, Zr, Mo, W; gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles, nano-Ag -Cu alloy particles, or nano-Au-Cu alloy particles.

[0050] 前述的摩擦发电机,将纳米颗粒的固体粉末涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 [0050] The foregoing friction generator, the solid powder-coated nanoparticles in the adhesive material on at least one surface of the film, to obtain a nano thin film layer.

[0051]前述的摩擦发电机,将纳米颗粒分散在有机溶剂中,得到浆料,然后将浆料涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上,得到纳米薄膜层。 [0051] The foregoing friction generator, the nanoparticles are dispersed in an organic solvent to obtain a slurry, and the slurry is coated on at least one surface of the adhesive material film to obtain a nano-film layer.

[0052] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆0.Olg-O. 5g〇 [0052] The foregoing friction generator, the amount of coating said nanoparticles viscous material per square meter of film surface is coated 0.Olg-O. 5g〇

[0053] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆0.Olg-O.Ig0 [0053] The foregoing friction generator, the amount of coating of the nanoparticle surface is coated with a thin film material per square sticky 0.Olg-O.Ig0

[0054] 前述的摩擦发电机,所述纳米颗粒粒径为5nm-800nm。 [0054] The foregoing friction generator, the diameter of the nanoparticles 5nm-800nm.

[0055] 前述的摩擦发电机,第一电极层和第二电极层所用材料是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钒; 合金是错合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、 镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 [0055] The foregoing friction generator, a first electrode layer and the second electrode layer is indium tin oxide material, graphene, silver nanowire film, a metal or an alloy, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum , nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or vanadium; alloy is wrong alloys, titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloys, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys.

[0056] 前述的摩擦发电机,当第一聚合物材料层,或居间薄膜层,或第二聚合物材料层不采用纳米薄膜层时,其所用材料选自聚酰亚胺薄膜、苯胺甲醛树脂薄膜、聚甲醛薄膜、乙基纤维素薄膜、聚酰胺薄膜、三聚氰胺甲醛薄膜、聚乙二醇丁二酸酯薄膜、纤维素薄膜、纤维素乙酸酯薄膜、聚己二酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚邻苯二甲酸二烯丙酯薄膜、纤维素海绵薄膜、再生海绵薄膜、聚氨酯弹性体薄膜、苯乙烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、苯乙烯丁二烯共聚物薄膜、人造纤维薄膜、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇薄膜、聚异丁烯薄膜、聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇缩丁醛薄膜、甲醛苯酚缩聚物薄膜、氯丁橡胶薄膜、丁二烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、天然橡胶薄膜、聚丙烯腈薄膜、丙烯腈氯乙烯共聚物薄膜中的任意一种。 [0056] The foregoing friction generator, when the first layer of polymeric material, or intermediate film layer, or second layer of polymeric material without the use of nano thin film layer, they use material selected from polyimide film, aniline-formaldehyde resin films, polyoxymethylene film, ethylcellulose film, a polyamide film, a film of melamine formaldehyde, polyethylene glycol succinate ester film, cellulose film, cellulose acetate film, polyethylene adipate film , poly diallyl phthalate film, cellulose film sponge, renewable sponge film, a polyurethane elastomer film, styrene copolymer film, a styrene-butadiene copolymer film, rayon film, polymethyl methacrylate ester film, polyvinyl alcohol film, polyisobutylene film, polyethylene terephthalate film, a polyvinyl butyral film, phenol formaldehyde polycondensate films, neoprene film, a propylene-butadiene copolymer film , natural rubber film, polyacrylonitrile film, acrylonitrile-vinyl chloride copolymer film of any one.

[0057] 本发明摩擦发电机采用在粘性材料薄膜(例如聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS))薄膜侧表面上涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层,能够有效的降低粘性材料薄膜在与光滑表面摩擦时表现出的粘性,因而能够实现两摩擦层快速分离,使摩擦发电机能够持续稳定的工作。 [0057] The present invention uses friction generator in the viscous material film (such as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)) nano-film layer on the film side surface coating of nanoparticles obtained, it can effectively reduce the adhesive material film with smooth exhibit viscous friction of the surface, it is possible to achieve rapid separation of the two friction layer, the friction generator capable of sustained stability.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0058] 图1为本发明摩擦发电机一种具体实施方式的立体结构示意图。 [0058] Figure 1 is a perspective view of the invention the friction generator schematic structural view of specific embodiments.

[0059] 图2为本发明图1摩擦发电机的剖面结构示意图。 [0059] FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional structure diagram in Figure 1 friction generator.

[0060] 图3为本发明摩擦发电机另一种具体实施方式的立体结构示意图。 [0060] FIG. 3 of the present invention friction generating another schematic view of a specific embodiment.

[0061]图4为本发明图3摩擦发电机的剖面结构示意图。 [0061] FIG. 4 a schematic cross-sectional structure of the present invention FIG. 3 friction generator.

[0062] 图5为本发明摩擦发电机另一种具体实施方式的立体结构示意图。 [0062] Figure 5 is another perspective view of the invention the friction generator schematic structural view of a specific embodiment.

[0063] 图6为本发明图5摩擦发电机的剖面结构示意图。 [0063] FIG. 6 a schematic cross-sectional structure of the present invention Figure 5 friction generator.

[0064] 图7为本发明摩擦发电机另一种具体实施方式的立体结构示意图。 [0064] Figure 7 is another perspective view of the invention the friction generator schematic structural view of a specific embodiment.

[0065] 图8为本发明图7摩擦发电机的剖面结构示意图。 [0065] FIG. 8 a schematic cross-sectional structure of the present invention Figure 7 friction generator.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0066] 为充分了解本发明之目的、特征及功效,借由下述具体的实施方式,对本发明做详细说明。 [0066] In order to fully understand the purpose of the present invention, the characteristics and effects, by the following specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.

[0067]本发明提供了一种摩擦发电机的制备方法,该方法包括: [0067] The present invention provides a method for preparing a friction generator, the method comprising:

[0068] (1)在粘性材料薄膜(优选聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜和软质聚氯乙烯(PVC))至少一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒,得到纳米薄膜层。 [0068] (1) in the adhesive material film (preferably polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film and a soft polyvinyl chloride (PVC)) at least one surface coated with nanoparticles, to obtain a nano thin film layer.

[0069]所述纳米颗粒是氧化物如纳米二氧化硅,纳米二氧化钛,纳米氧化锌,纳米三氧化二铁,纳米氧化铝等;无机盐如纳米碳酸钙,纳米硫酸钡;复合金属氧化物钛酸钡,锡酸钡等;有机纳米粒子如聚苯胺;有机燃料纳米粒子;碳化物或氮化物纳米粒子如碳化娃,氮化娃,Cr、Ti、V、Zr、Mo、W等金属碳化物或氮化物;金属或合金纳米粒子如Au、Ag或Ag-Cu、 Au-Cu等。 [0069] The nanoparticles are oxides such as nano-silica, titanium dioxide, nano-zinc oxide, nano ferric oxide, nano-alumina and the like; inorganic salts such as calcium carbonate, barium sulfate nano; mixed metal oxides of titanium barium, tin, barium and the like; organic nano-particles such as polyaniline; organic fuel nanoparticles; carbides or nitrides nano-particles such as carbide, baby, baby nitride, Cr, Ti, V, Zr, Mo, W and other metal carbides or nitride; metal or alloy nanoparticles such as Au, Ag or Ag-Cu, Au-Cu and the like. 所述纳米颗粒的涂覆量为每平米粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆0.Olg-O. 5g,优选0· 01-0.lg。 The nanoparticle coating amount per square meter of film surface coated with the adhesive material 0.Olg-O. 5g, preferably from 0 · 01-0.lg. 所述纳米颗粒粒径为5nm_800nm。 The particle size of the nanoparticles 5nm_800nm.

[0070] 纳米颗粒通过常规涂覆或喷涂的方法设置于粘性材料薄膜至少一侧表面上。 [0070] Nanoparticles by a conventional method of spray coating or adhesive material is provided on at least one surface of the film. 例如将纳米颗粒的固体粉末直接涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上。 For example, a solid powder of nanoparticles directly coated on at least one surface of the adhesive material on the film. 或者将纳米颗粒分散在有机溶剂(诸如乙醇,异丙醇,丙酮或正己烷)中。 Or nanoparticles dispersed in an organic solvent (such as ethanol, isopropanol, acetone, or hexane) was. 本发明对有机溶剂的用量没有特殊要求,纳米颗粒能够在有机溶剂中分散均匀即可,本领域技术人员可根据需要调节浓度配比, 得到适用的浆料,然后将浆料涂覆在粘性材料薄膜的至少一侧表面上。 The amount of organic solvent present invention, no special requirements, the nanoparticles can be dispersed evenly in an organic solvent, those skilled in the concentration ratio can be adjusted as needed to obtain a suitable slurry, and then the slurry was coated in a viscous material At least on the surface side of the film.

[0071] 本发明粘性材料薄膜可以是聚二甲基硅氧烷,聚二甲基硅氧烷为常规市售材料, CH3 其结构为一PSi--Hit™ CHS ο [0071] the adhesive material film of the present invention may be a polydimethylsiloxane, polydimethylsiloxane conventional commercially available materials, CH3 its structure is a PSi - Hit ™ CHS ο

[0072] 本发明粘性材料薄膜可以是软质PVC。 The adhesive material film [0072] The present invention may be a soft PVC. 本发明所述软质PVC为增塑剂添加量大于25重量份的PVC,该软质PVC可以市购得到。 Add soft PVC plasticizers of the present invention is greater than 25 parts by weight of PVC, soft PVC which can be obtained commercially.

[0073] (2)制成摩擦发电机 [0073] (2) made of friction Generator

[0074] 所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,和第二电极层, 其中,第一聚合物材料层由步骤(1)所得纳米薄膜层构成。 [0074] The friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, and a second electrode layer, wherein the first layer of polymeric material from step (1) resulting nanometer thin film layers.

[0075] 或者,所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层,其中,第一聚合物材料层,和/或第二聚合物材料层由步骤(1)所得纳米薄膜层构成。 [0075] Alternatively, the friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer, wherein the first layer of polymeric material, and / or a second layer of polymeric material from step (1) resulting nanometer thin film layers.

[0076] 或者,所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,居间电极层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层,其中,第一聚合物材料层,和/或第二聚合物材料层由步骤(1)所得纳米薄膜层构成。 [0076] Alternatively, the friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, intervening electrode layer, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer, wherein the first layer of polymeric material and / or the second layer of polymeric material from step (1) the obtained nano-thin film layers.

[0077] 或者所述摩擦发电机包括层叠设置的第一电极层,第一聚合物材料层,居间薄膜层,第二聚合物材料层和第二电极层,其中,第一聚合物材料层和/或居间薄膜层中的至少一层,和/或第二聚合物材料层和/或居间薄膜层由步骤(1)所得纳米薄膜层构成。 [0077] or the friction generator comprises a first electrode layer disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material, intermediate film layer, a second layer of polymeric material and a second electrode layer, wherein the first layer of polymeric material and / or intervening film layer at least one layer, and / or the second layer of polymeric material and / or intermediate film layer from step (1) the obtained nano-thin film layers.

[0078] 下面详细说明应用纳米薄膜层的摩擦发电机的结构。 [0078] The following detailed description of the structure of the application of nano thin film layer of friction generator.

[0079] 图1和2所示是本发明一种具体实施方式的摩擦发电机1。 Shown in [0079] Figures 1 and 2 is a specific embodiment of the present invention is a friction generator 1. 该摩擦发电机1包括层叠设置的第一电极层11,第一聚合物材料层12,和第二电极层13。 The friction generator 1 includes a first stacked electrode layer 11 disposed, a first layer of polymeric material 12, and the second electrode layer 13. 其中,第一聚合物材料层12所用材料是上述的在粘性材料薄膜(优选聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜)一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层,其厚度为100μm-500μm。 Wherein a first layer of polymeric material 12 used in the viscous material is a film material (preferably polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film) is coated on one side surface of the nano-film layer of nanoparticles obtained as described above, a thickness of 100μm- 500μm.

[0080] 该实施方式中,第一电极层11对所用材料没有特殊规定,能够形成导电层的材料都在本发明的保护范围之内,例如是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钒;合金是铝合金、钛合金、镁合金、 铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、 鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 [0080] In this embodiment, the first electrode layer 11 pairs otherwise specified the materials used, the material of the conductive layer can be formed are within the scope of the present invention, for example, indium tin oxide, graphene, silver nanowire film , metal or alloy, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or vanadium; alloys are aluminum, titanium, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloy, copper alloy, zinc alloy, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys.

[0081] 该实施方式中,第二电极层13所用材料可以是金属或合金,其中金属可以是金、 银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钒;合金可以是铝合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 [0081] In this embodiment, the second electrode layer 13 may be a metal material or an alloy, wherein the metal may be gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole , tungsten or vanadium; alloys may be aluminum, titanium, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, Crane alloy, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys. 第二电极层13的厚度优选100μm-500μm,更优选200μm。 Thickness of the second electrode layer 13 is preferably 100μm-500μm, more preferably 200μm.

[0082] 当本发明该实施方式的摩擦发电机的各层向下弯曲时,摩擦发电机中的第一聚合物材料层12与第二电极层13表面相互摩擦产生静电荷,静电荷的产生会使第一聚合物材料层12与第二电极层13之间的电容发生改变,从而导致第一聚合物材料层12与第二电极层13之间出现电势差。 [0082] When the layers of the embodiment of the present invention a friction generator is bent downward, the friction in the generator layer 12 and a first polymeric material surface of the second electrode layer 13 to generate friction between an electrostatic charge, electrostatic charge generating make a first layer of polymeric material 12 and the capacitance between the second electrode layer 13 changes, thereby resulting in a potential difference between the first polymer material 13 layer 12 and the second electrode layer. 由于第一聚合物材料层12与第二电极层13之间电势差的存在,自由电子将通过外电路由电势低的一侧流向电势高的一侧,从而在外电路中形成电流。 13 since the potential difference between a first layer of polymeric material 12 and the second electrode layer is present, the high side of the free electrons through the potential foreign routed low potential side of the flow, thereby forming the outer circuit current. 当本发明的摩擦发电机的各层恢复到原来状态时,这时形成在第一聚合物材料层12与第二电极层13之间的内电势消失,此时已平衡的第一聚合物材料层12与第二电极层13之间将再次产生反向的电势差,则自由电子通过外电路形成反向电流。 When the generator of the present invention, the friction layers restored to its original state, then formed in a first layer of polymeric material 12 and the inner electric potential between the second electrode layer 13 disappears, and the balance of the first polymeric material has layer 12 and the second electrode layer 13 will again be generated between the reverse potential difference, the free electrons formed reverse current through the external circuit. 通过反复摩擦和恢复,就可以在外电路中形成周期性的交流电信号。 By repeated friction and recovery, it can periodically formed in the outer circuit alternating current signal. 本发明该实施方式中,采用在粘性材料薄膜侧表面上涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层12,有效降低了粘性材料薄膜在与光滑表面摩擦时表现出的粘性,因而能够实现两摩擦层快速分离,使摩擦发电机能够持续稳定的工作。 The embodiment of the invention, the use of adhesive material on the side surface of the nano-film layer film coated nanoparticles was used as a first layer of polymeric material 12, effectively reducing the adhesive material film with the smooth surface exhibits viscous friction, it is possible to achieve rapid separation of two friction layer, the friction generator capable of sustained stability.

[0083] 图3和4所示是本发明另一种具体实施方式的摩擦发电机2。 [0083] Figures 3 and 4 of the present invention are shown in another specific embodiment of the friction generator 2. 该摩擦发电机2包括层叠设置的第一电极层21,第一聚合物材料层22,第二聚合物材料层23和第二电极层24,其中,第一聚合物材料层22和第二聚合物材料层23中的至少一层所用材料是上述的在粘性材料薄膜(优选聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜)一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层,其厚度为1〇〇μπι-500μπι。 The friction generator 2 comprises a first electrode layer 21 disposed stacked, a first layer of polymeric material 22, a second layer of polymeric material 23 and the second electrode layer 24, wherein the first polymeric material and a second polymeric layer 22 material layer 23 in at least one of the materials used in the adhesive material film (preferably polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film) is coated on one side surface of the nano-film layer of nanoparticles obtained as described above, a thickness of 1〇 〇μπι-500μπι.

[0084] 在该实施方式中,第一电极层21和第二电极层24对所用材料没有特殊规定,能够形成导电层的材料都在本发明的保护范围之内,例如是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、 金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钒;合金是铝合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 [0084] In this embodiment, the first electrode layer 21 and the second electrode layer 24 pairs otherwise specified the materials used, the material of the conductive layer can be formed are within the scope of the present invention, for example, indium tin oxide, graphene, silver nanowire film, a metal or an alloy, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or vanadium; alloy is an aluminum alloy, titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys .

[0085] 第一聚合物材料层22和第二聚合物材料层23中的至少一层所用材料是上述纳米薄膜层。 [0085] The first polymeric material layer 22 and the second layer of polymeric material 23 in at least one of the material used is a thin film layer of the above-described nano. 当第一聚合物材料层22或第二聚合物材料层23不采用纳米薄膜层时,其所用材料选自聚酰亚胺薄膜、苯胺甲醛树脂薄膜、聚甲醛薄膜、乙基纤维素薄膜、聚酰胺薄膜、三聚氰胺甲醛薄膜、聚乙二醇丁二酸酯薄膜、纤维素薄膜、纤维素乙酸酯薄膜、聚己二酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚邻苯二甲酸二烯丙酯薄膜、纤维素海绵薄膜、再生海绵薄膜、聚氨酯弹性体薄膜、苯乙烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、苯乙烯丁二烯共聚物薄膜、人造纤维薄膜、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇薄膜、聚异丁烯薄膜、聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇缩丁醛薄膜、甲醛苯酚缩聚物薄膜、氯丁橡胶薄膜、丁二烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、天然橡胶薄膜、聚丙烯腈薄膜、 丙烯腈氯乙烯共聚物薄膜中的任意一种。 When the first layer of polymeric material 22 or the second layer of polymeric material using nano-film layer 23 does not, its material is selected from polyimide film, aniline-formaldehyde resin film, a polyoxymethylene film, ethyl cellulose film, poly amide films, films melamine formaldehyde, polyethylene glycol succinate ester film, cellulose film, cellulose acetate film, polyethylene adipate film, poly diallyl phthalate film, fiber Su sponge film, regenerated sponge film, a polyurethane elastomer film, styrene copolymer film, a styrene-butadiene copolymer film, rayon film, polymethyl methacrylate film, a polyvinyl alcohol film, polyisobutylene films, polyethylene terephthalate film, a polyvinyl butyral film, phenol formaldehyde polycondensate films, neoprene film, a propylene-butadiene copolymer film, a natural rubber film, polyacrylonitrile film, acrylonitrile-chloro- ethylene copolymer film of any one. 此时,第一聚合物材料层22或第二聚合物材料层23 厚度是100μm-500μm。 In this case, the thickness of the first polymer material layer 23 or second layer of polymeric material 22 is 100μm-500μm.

[0086] 当本发明该实施方式的摩擦发电机的各层向下弯曲时,摩擦发电机中的第一聚合物材料层22与第二聚合物材料层23表面相互摩擦产生静电荷,静电荷的产生会使第一聚合物材料层22与第二聚合物材料层23之间的电容发生改变,从而导致第一电极层21和第二电极层24之间出现电势差。 [0086] When the layers of the embodiment of the present invention is bent downward frictional generator, the generator of the first friction layer of polymeric material 22 and the second layer of polymeric material 23 from each other friction surface electrostatic charge, electrostatic charge It will produce a first layer of polymeric material 22 and the second layer of polymeric material 23 between the capacitance change occurs, thus resulting in a potential difference between the first electrode layer 21 and the second electrode layer 24. 由于第一电极层21和第二电极层24之间电势差的存在,自由电子将通过外电路由电势低的一侧流向电势高的一侧,从而在外电路中形成电流。 Because of between 21 and the second electrode layer 24 a potential difference between the first electrode layer is present, free electrons will be routed through the foreign potential of the low potential side of the high side of the flow direction, thereby forming the outer circuit current. 当本发明的摩擦发电机的各层恢复到原来状态时,这时形成在第一电极层21和第二电极层24 之间的内电势消失,此时已平衡的第一电极层21和第二电极层24之间将再次产生反向的电势差,则自由电子通过外电路形成反向电流。 The first electrode layer when the generator of the present invention, the friction layers restored to its original state, then formed in the potential disappearance of 21 and the second electrode layer 24 between the first electrode layer, this time has been balanced and 21 The second electrode layer 24 is again generated between a reverse potential difference, the free electrons formed reverse current through the external circuit. 通过反复摩擦和恢复,就可以在外电路中形成周期性的交流电信号。 By repeated friction and recovery, it can periodically formed in the outer circuit alternating current signal. 本发明该实施方式中,采用在粘性材料薄膜侧表面上涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层22和/或第二聚合物材料层23,有效降低了粘性材料薄膜在与光滑表面摩擦时表现出的粘性,因而能够实现两摩擦层快速分离,使摩擦发电机能够持续稳定的工作。 The embodiment of the invention, the use of nano-film layer on the side surface of the adhesive material film coated nanoparticles was used as a first layer of polymeric material 22 and / or the second layer of polymeric material 23, effectively reducing the adhesive material film When smooth surface and exhibit viscous friction, it is possible to achieve rapid separation of the two friction layer, the friction generator capable of sustained stability.

[0087]图5和6所示是本发明又一种具体实施方式的摩擦发电机3。 [0087] FIG. 5 and 6 of the present invention is yet another specific embodiment of the friction generator 3. 该摩擦发电机3包括第一电极层31,第一聚合物材料层32,居间薄膜层33,第二聚合物材料层34和第二电极层35,其中,第一聚合物材料层32和居间薄膜层33中的至少一层,和/或第二聚合物材料层34和居间薄膜层33中的至少一层所用材料是上述的在粘性材料薄膜(优选聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜)一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层,其厚度为100μm-500μm。 The friction generator 3 comprises a first electrode layer 31, a first layer of polymeric material 32, intermediate film layer 33, a second layer of polymeric material 34 and the second electrode layer 35, wherein a first layer of polymeric material 32 and the intervening the thin film layer 33 at least one layer, and / or the second layer of polymeric material 34 and film layers 33 intervening at least one of the materials used in the adhesive material film (preferably a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS described above) film) is coated on one side surface of the nano-film layer of nanoparticles obtained, having a thickness of 100μm-500μm.

[0088] 在该实施方式中,第一电极层31和第二电极层35对所用材料没有特殊规定,能够形成导电层的材料都在本发明的保护范围之内,例如是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、 金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钒;合金是铝合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 [0088] In this embodiment, the first electrode layer 31 and the second electrode layer 35 pairs otherwise specified the materials used, the material of the conductive layer can be formed are within the scope of the present invention, for example, indium tin oxide, graphene, silver nanowire film, a metal or an alloy, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or vanadium; alloy is an aluminum alloy, titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys .

[0089] 第一聚合物材料层32和居间薄膜层33中的至少一层,和/或第二聚合物材料层34和居间薄膜层33中的至少一层所用材料是纳米薄膜层。 [0089] The first layer of polymeric material 32 and film layers 33 intervening at least one layer, and / or the second layer of polymeric material 34 and the intervening film layer 33, or at least one layer of the material used is a nano-film layer. 当第一聚合物材料层32,或居间薄膜层33,或第二聚合物材料层34不采用纳米薄膜层时,其所用材料选自聚酰亚胺薄膜、 苯胺甲醛树脂薄膜、聚甲醛薄膜、乙基纤维素薄膜、聚酰胺薄膜、三聚氰胺甲醛薄膜、聚乙二醇丁二酸酯薄膜、纤维素薄膜、纤维素乙酸酯薄膜、聚己二酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚邻苯二甲酸二烯丙酯薄膜、纤维素海绵薄膜、再生海绵薄膜、聚氨酯弹性体薄膜、苯乙烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、苯乙烯丁二烯共聚物薄膜、人造纤维薄膜、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇薄膜、聚异丁烯薄膜、聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇缩丁醛薄膜、甲醛苯酚缩聚物薄膜、氯丁橡胶薄膜、丁二烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、天然橡胶薄膜、聚丙烯腈薄膜、丙烯腈氯乙烯共聚物薄膜中的任意一种。 When the first layer of polymeric material 32, or intervening film layer 33, or the second layer of polymeric material 34 without the use of nano thin film layer, its material is selected from polyimide film, aniline-formaldehyde resin film, a polyoxymethylene film, ethyl cellulose film, a polyamide film, a film of melamine formaldehyde, polyethylene glycol succinate ester film, cellulose film, cellulose acetate film, polyethylene adipate film, polyethylene phthalate diallyl film, cellulose film sponge, renewable sponge film, a polyurethane elastomer film, styrene copolymer film, a styrene-butadiene copolymer film, rayon film, polymethyl methacrylate film, polyethylene alcohol film, polyisobutylene film, polyethylene terephthalate film, a polyvinyl butyral film, phenol formaldehyde polycondensate films, neoprene film, a propylene-butadiene copolymer film, a film of natural rubber, poly acrylonitrile film, vinyl chloride-acrylonitrile copolymer film of any one. 此时,第一聚合物材料层32,或居间薄膜层33,或第二聚合物材料层34 厚度是100l·1m_500μm。 In this case, a first layer of polymeric material 32, or 33, or the thickness of the second layer of polymeric material 34 intervening film layer is 100l · 1m_500μm.

[0090] 当本发明该实施方式的摩擦发电机的各层向下弯曲时,摩擦发电机中的第一聚合物材料层32与居间薄膜层33表面,和/或第二聚合物材料层34与居间薄膜层33表面相互摩擦产生静电荷,静电荷的产生会使第一电极层31和第二电极层35之间出现电势差。 [0090] When the layers of the embodiment of the present invention is bent downward friction generator 33 and the intervening film layer surface 32 of the first friction generator layer of polymeric material, and / or the second layer of polymeric material 34 and 33 surface friction between the intervening film layers produce an electrostatic charge, a potential difference occurs between the electrostatic charge generation makes the first electrode layer 31 and the second electrode layer 35. 由于第一电极层31和第二电极层35之间电势差的存在,自由电子将通过外电路由电势低的一侧流向电势高的一侧,从而在外电路中形成电流。 Since the first electrode layer 31 and the second electrode layer 35 in the presence of potential difference, the potential of free electrons will flow to the high potential side low routed through foreign side, thereby forming the outer circuit current. 当本发明的摩擦发电机的各层恢复到原来状态时,这时形成在第一电极层31和第二电极层35之间的内电势消失,此时已平衡的第一电极层31和第二电极层35之间将再次产生反向的电势差,则自由电子通过外电路形成反向电流。 The first electrode layer when the generator of the present invention, the friction layers restored to its original state, then formed in the potential disappearance of 31 and the second electrode layer 35 between the first electrode layer, this time of 31 and balance the second electrode layer 35 will again produce a reverse potential difference, the free electrons formed reverse current through the external circuit. 通过反复摩擦和恢复,就可以在外电路中形成周期性的交流电信号。 By repeated friction and recovery, it can periodically formed in the outer circuit alternating current signal. 本发明该实施方式中,采用在粘性材料薄膜侧表面上涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层32,和/或居间薄膜层33,和/或第二聚合物材料层34,有效降低了粘性材料薄膜在与光滑表面摩擦时表现出的粘性,因而能够实现两摩擦层快速分离,使摩擦发电机能够持续稳定的工作。 The embodiment of the invention, the use of nano-film layer on the side surface of the adhesive material film coated nanoparticles was used as a first layer of polymeric material 32, and / or intervening film layer 33, and / or the second layer of polymeric material 34, effectively reducing the adhesive material film with the smooth surface exhibits viscous friction, it is possible to achieve rapid separation of the two friction layer, the friction generator capable of sustained stability.

[0091] 图7和8所示是本发明又一种具体实施方式的摩擦发电机4。 [0091] Figures 7 and 8 of the present invention is shown still another specific embodiment of the friction generator 4. 该摩擦发电机4包括第一电极层41,第一聚合物材料层42,居间电极层43,第二聚合物材料层44和第二电极层45,其中,第一聚合物材料层42和第二聚合物材料层44中的至少一层所用材料是上述的在粘性材料薄膜(优选聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜)一侧表面涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层,其厚度为100μm-500μm。 The friction generator 4 comprises a first electrode layer 41, a first layer of polymeric material 42, intermediate electrode layer 43, a second layer of polymeric material 44 and the second electrode layer 45, wherein a first layer of polymeric material 42 and the first Second layer of polymeric material 44 in at least one of the materials used in the above-mentioned adhesive material film (preferably polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film) is coated on one side surface of the nano-film layer of nanoparticles obtained, having a thickness of 100μm-500μm.

[0092] 在该实施方式中,第一电极层41和第二电极层45对所用材料没有特殊规定,能够形成导电层的材料都在本发明的保护范围之内,例如是铟锡氧化物、石墨烯、银纳米线膜、 金属或合金,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钒;合金是铝合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 [0092] In this embodiment, the first electrode layer 41 and the second electrode layer 45 pairs otherwise specified the materials used, the material of the conductive layer can be formed are within the scope of the present invention, for example, indium tin oxide, graphene, silver nanowire film, a metal or an alloy, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or vanadium; alloy is an aluminum alloy, titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys .

[0093]所述居间电极层43为金属、金属氧化物、合金层,或图形化金属线-高分子聚合物层叠体,其中金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、铬、锡、铁、锰、钥、钨或钒;合金是铝合金、 钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、 铟合金、镓合金、钨合金、钥合金、铌合金或钽合金,金属氧化物为铟锡氧化物。 [0093] The intermediate electrode layer 43 is a metal, a metal oxide, an alloy layer, or a patterned metal wire - polymer stacked body, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium , chromium, tin, iron, manganese, keyhole, tungsten or vanadium; alloys are aluminum, titanium, magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, tungsten alloy, key alloys, niobium alloys or tantalum alloy, a metal oxide is indium tin oxide.

[0094]本发明图形化金属线-高分子聚合物层叠体是在高分子聚合物层的一侧表面上通过热压、旋涂、刮涂或者丝网印刷金属、金属粉末或金属浆料,形成图形化金属线,从而制备得到的层叠体。 [0094] The present invention is patterned metal lines - polymer laminate is on the side surface of the polymer layer by hot pressing, spin coating, blade coating or screen printing a metal, a metal powder or a metal paste, forming a patterned metal wire, thereby preparing a laminated body obtained. 金属所用材料为金属或合金,其中,金属是金、银、钼、钯、铝、镍、铜、钛、 铬、硒、铁、猛、钥、鹤或钥;;合金是错合金、钛合金、镁合金、铍合金、铜合金、锌合金、猛合金、 镍合金、铅合金、锡合金、镉合金、秘合金、铟合金、镓合金、鹤合金、钥合金、银合金或钽合金。 Metal material is a metal or alloy, wherein the metal is gold, silver, molybdenum, palladium, aluminum, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, selenium, iron, fierce, key, key ;; crane or alloy is wrong alloy, titanium , magnesium alloys, beryllium alloys, copper alloys, zinc alloys, fierce alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, tin alloy, cadmium alloy, secret alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, alloy crane, key alloy, silver alloy or tantalum alloys. 本发明金属浆料包括粘合剂、金属粉末、稀释剂等。 Metal slurry of the present invention include binders, metal powders, such as thinner. 粘合剂和稀释剂均为制成金属浆料的常规成分。 Binder and diluent are made of conventional component metal slurry. 这里的图形化是能够导通的图形化,例如井字状结构、菱形状结构、Z字结构或叉指结构。 Here it is capable of conducting graphic graphical, such as tic-tac-like structure, diamond-shaped structure, Z word structure or interdigital structure.

[0095] 第一聚合物材料层42和第二聚合物材料层44中的至少一层所用材料是上述纳米薄膜层。 [0095] The first layer of polymeric material 42 and 44 in a second layer of polymeric material at least one of the materials is a nano-film layer described above. 当第一聚合物材料层42或第二聚合物材料层44不采用纳米薄膜层时,其所用材料选自聚酰亚胺薄膜、苯胺甲醛树脂薄膜、聚甲醛薄膜、乙基纤维素薄膜、聚酰胺薄膜、三聚氰胺甲醛薄膜、聚乙二醇丁二酸酯薄膜、纤维素薄膜、纤维素乙酸酯薄膜、聚己二酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚邻苯二甲酸二烯丙酯薄膜、纤维素海绵薄膜、再生海绵薄膜、聚氨酯弹性体薄膜、苯乙烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、苯乙烯丁二烯共聚物薄膜、人造纤维薄膜、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇薄膜、聚异丁烯薄膜、聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯薄膜、聚乙烯醇缩丁醛薄膜、甲醛苯酚缩聚物薄膜、氯丁橡胶薄膜、丁二烯丙烯共聚物薄膜、天然橡胶薄膜、聚丙烯腈薄膜、 丙烯腈氯乙烯共聚物薄膜中的任意一种。 When the first layer of polymeric material 42 or the second layer of polymeric material 44 without the use of nano thin film layer, its material is selected from polyimide film, aniline-formaldehyde resin film, a polyoxymethylene film, ethyl cellulose film, poly amide films, films melamine formaldehyde, polyethylene glycol succinate ester film, cellulose film, cellulose acetate film, polyethylene adipate film, poly diallyl phthalate film, fiber Su sponge film, regenerated sponge film, a polyurethane elastomer film, styrene copolymer film, a styrene-butadiene copolymer film, rayon film, polymethyl methacrylate film, a polyvinyl alcohol film, polyisobutylene films, polyethylene terephthalate film, a polyvinyl butyral film, phenol formaldehyde polycondensate films, neoprene film, a propylene-butadiene copolymer film, a natural rubber film, polyacrylonitrile film, acrylonitrile-chloro- ethylene copolymer film of any one. 此时,第一聚合物材料层42或第二聚合物材料层44 厚度是100μm-500μm。 In this case, the thickness of the first polymer material 44 layer 42 or the second layer of polymeric material is 100μm-500μm.

[0096] 当本发明该实施方式的摩擦发电机的各层向下弯曲时,摩擦发电机中的第一聚合物材料层42、第二聚合物材料层44分别与居间电极层43表面相互摩擦产生静电荷,从而导致第一电极层41和居间电极层43之间,以及居间电极层43和第二电极层45之间出现电势差。 [0096] When the layers of the embodiment of the present invention a friction generator is bent downward, the friction in the generator 42 of the first layer of polymeric material, a second layer of polymeric material 44 and 43, respectively, the friction between the surface of the electrode layer intervening static charge, resulting in the first electrode layer between the electrode 41 and the intervening layer 43, and a potential difference occurs between the electrode 45 intervening layer 43 and the second electrode layer. 由于第一电极层41和居间电极层43之间,以及居间电极层43和第二电极层45之间电势差的存在,自由电子将通过外电路由电势低的一侧流向电势高的一侧,从而在外电路中形成电流。 Since the electrode layer 41 between the first electrode and the intervening layer 43, and a potential difference between the 45 intervening electrode layer 43 and the second electrode layer is present, free electrons will be routed through the foreign potential of the low potential side of the high flow side, thereby formed in the outer circuit current. 当本发明的摩擦发电机的各层恢复到原来状态时,这时形成在第一电极层41 和居间电极层43之间,以及居间电极层43和第二电极层45之间的内电势消失,此时已平衡的第一电极层41和居间电极层43之间,以及居间电极层43和第二电极层45之间将再次产生反向的电势差,则自由电子通过外电路形成反向电流。 When the friction generator of the present invention, the layers restored to its original state, then formed between the first electrode layer 41 and the intermediate electrode layer 43, and the inner potential 43 and the second electrode layer 45 intervening between the electrode layer disappears , this time the balance between the first electrode layer 41 and the intermediate electrode layer 43, and the intervening electrode layer will again produce a reverse potential difference between the 43 and the second electrode layer 45, the free electrons form a reverse current through an external circuit . 通过反复摩擦和恢复,就可以在外电路中形成周期性的交流电信号。 By repeated friction and recovery, it can periodically formed in the outer circuit alternating current signal. 本发明该实施方式中,采用在粘性材料薄膜侧表面上涂覆纳米颗粒得到的纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层42和/或第二聚合物材料层44, 有效降低了粘性材料薄膜在与光滑表面摩擦时表现出的粘性,因而能够实现两摩擦层快速分离,使摩擦发电机能够持续稳定的工作。 The embodiment of the invention, the use of nano-film layer on the side surface of the adhesive material film coated nanoparticles was used as a first layer of polymeric material 42 and / or the second layer of polymeric material 44, effectively reducing the adhesive material film When smooth surface and exhibit viscous friction, it is possible to achieve rapid separation of the two friction layer, the friction generator capable of sustained stability.

[0097] 下面通过具体的实施例来阐述本发明的方法的实施,本领域技术人员应当理解的是,这不应被理解为对本发明权利要求范围的限制。 [0097] The following specific examples through to illustrate the implementation method of the present invention, those skilled in the art would understand that this should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention as claimed.

[0098] 实施例 [0098] Example

[0099] 实施例中所用原料如下: [0099] examples of materials used are as follows:

[0100] 表1 [0100] Table 1

[0101] [0101]

[0102] 实施例1 [0102] Example 1

Figure CN104426414AD00151

[0103] 采用硅模板制成厚度为150um的聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜。 [0103] The template is made of silicon having a thickness of 150um of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film. 在该聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜的一侧表面上涂覆粒径12nm的纳米二氧化硅颗粒,涂覆量为每平米PDMS 表面涂覆纳米二氧化娃颗粒〇. 〇4g,得到纳米薄膜层。 In this polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film coated on one surface diameter of the nano silica particles, coating amount of 12nm per square meter baby dioxide nano surface coating PDMS particle billion. 〇4g, to obtain a nano thin film layer.

[0104] 需要制备的摩擦发电机尺寸为3cmX3cm,总厚度大约是500μm。 [0104] Preparation of friction generator dimensions required for 3cmX3cm, the total thickness is about 500μm. 该摩擦发电机1 包括层叠设置的第一电极层11,第一聚合物材料层12,和第二电极层13。 The friction generator 1 includes a first stacked electrode layer 11 disposed, a first layer of polymeric material 12, and the second electrode layer 13.

[0105] 采用上述纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层12,其另一个表面上镀厚度IOOnm的铝薄膜,该铝薄膜即为第一电极层11。 [0105] The above-described nano-film layer 12 as the first layer of polymeric material, its thickness IOOnm plated on the other surface of the aluminum film, the aluminum thin film layer 11 is a first electrode.

[0106] 采用厚度100μm的铜箔作为第二电极层13。 [0106] The copper foil of 100μm thickness as the second electrode layer 13. 按照第一聚合物材料层12的涂覆有纳米颗粒的表面朝向第二电极层13,将第二电极层13叠放到第一聚合物材料层12上,得到摩擦发电机。 12 in accordance with a first layer of coating material polymer nanoparticle surface toward the second electrode layer 13, the second electrode layer 13 is superposed on the first layer of polymeric material 12 to give friction generator. 该摩擦发电机的边缘用普通胶布密封。 Sealing edge of the friction generator with ordinary tape.

[0107] 摩擦发电机在IV(电流-电压)的测量中表现出典型的开路特征。 [0107] friction generator in IV (current - voltage) exhibits the typical characteristics of open circuit measurements. 使用周期振荡(5.OHz和约40N的力)的步进电机使摩擦发电机发生周期的按压和释放,该摩擦发电机样品的最大输出电压和电流信号分别达到了374V和4. 0μA。 Use periodic oscillation (5.OHz about 40N force) of the stepping motor generator occurs friction press and release cycle, the maximum output voltage and current signals of the friction generator samples are up to 374V and 4. 0μA.

[0108] 实施例2 [0108] Example 2

[0109] 采用硅模板制成厚度为150um的聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜。 [0109] The template is made of silicon having a thickness of 150um of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film. 在该聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜的一侧表面上涂覆粒径5nm的纳米二氧化硅颗粒,涂覆量为每平米PDMS表面涂覆纳米二氧化娃颗粒〇. 〇lg,得到纳米薄膜层。 On the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film on the side surface of the diameter of the nano-coated silica particles, coating amount of 5nm per square meter baby dioxide nano surface coating PDMS particle billion. 〇lg, to obtain a nano thin film layer.

[0110] 需要制备的摩擦发电机尺寸为3cmX3cm,总厚度大约是500μm。 [0110] Preparation of friction generator dimensions required for 3cmX3cm, the total thickness is about 500μm. 该摩擦发电机1 包括层叠设置的第一电极层11,第一聚合物材料层12,和第二电极层13。 The friction generator 1 includes a first stacked electrode layer 11 disposed, a first layer of polymeric material 12, and the second electrode layer 13.

[0111] 采用上述纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层12,其另一个表面上镀厚度IOOnm的铝薄膜,该铝薄膜即为第一电极层11。 [0111] The above-described nano-film layer 12 as the first layer of polymeric material, its thickness IOOnm plated on the other surface of the aluminum film, the aluminum thin film layer 11 is a first electrode.

[0112] 采用厚度100μm的铜箔作为第二电极层13。 [0112] The copper foil of 100μm thickness as the second electrode layer 13. 按照第一聚合物材料层12的涂覆有纳米颗粒的表面朝向第二电极层13,将第二电极层13叠放到第一聚合物材料层12上,得到摩擦发电机。 12 in accordance with a first layer of coating material polymer nanoparticle surface toward the second electrode layer 13, the second electrode layer 13 is superposed on the first layer of polymeric material 12 to give friction generator. 该摩擦发电机的边缘用普通胶布密封。 Sealing edge of the friction generator with ordinary tape.

[0113] 摩擦发电机在IV(电流-电压)的测量中表现出典型的开路特征。 [0113] friction generator in IV (current - voltage) exhibits the typical characteristics of open circuit measurements. 使用周期振荡(5.OHz和约40N的力)的步进电机使摩擦发电机发生周期的按压和释放,该摩擦发电机样品的最大输出电压和电流信号分别达到了346V和3. 5μA。 Use periodic oscillation (5.OHz about 40N force) of the stepping motor generator occurs friction press and release cycle, the maximum output voltage and current signals of the friction generator samples are up to 346V and 3. 5μA.

[0114] 实施例3 [0114] Example 3

[0115] 采用硅模板制成厚度为150um的聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜。 [0115] The template is made of silicon having a thickness of 150um of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film. 在该聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜的一侧表面上涂覆粒径800nm的纳米二氧化硅颗粒,涂覆量为每平米PDMS 表面涂覆纳米二氧化娃颗粒〇.lg,得到纳米薄膜层。 In this polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film coated on one surface of nano silica particles 800nm in diameter in an amount of PDMS surface per square meter dioxide particles coated with nano baby 〇.lg afford nano-film layer.

[0116] 需要制备的摩擦发电机尺寸为3cmX3cm,总厚度大约是500μm。 [0116] Preparation of friction generator dimensions required for 3cmX3cm, the total thickness is about 500μm. 该摩擦发电机I 包括层叠设置的第一电极层11,第一聚合物材料层12,和第二电极层13。 The friction generator comprises a first electrode layer stacked I set 11, a first layer of polymeric material 12, and the second electrode layer 13.

[0117] 采用上述纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层12,其另一个表面上镀厚度IOOnm的铝薄膜,该铝薄膜即为第一电极层11。 [0117] The above-described nano-film layer 12 as the first layer of polymeric material, its thickness IOOnm plated on the other surface of the aluminum film, the aluminum thin film layer 11 is a first electrode.

[0118] 采用厚度100μm的铜箔作为第二电极层13。 [0118] The copper foil of 100μm thickness as the second electrode layer 13. 按照第一聚合物材料层12的涂覆有纳米颗粒的表面朝向第二电极层13,将第二电极层13叠放到第一聚合物材料层12上,得到摩擦发电机。 12 in accordance with a first layer of coating material polymer nanoparticle surface toward the second electrode layer 13, the second electrode layer 13 is superposed on the first layer of polymeric material 12 to give friction generator. 该摩擦发电机的边缘用普通胶布密封。 Sealing edge of the friction generator with ordinary tape.

[0119] 摩擦发电机在IV(电流-电压)的测量中表现出典型的开路特征。 [0119] friction generator in IV (current - voltage) exhibits the typical characteristics of open circuit measurements. 使用周期振荡(5.OHz和约40N的力)的步进电机使摩擦发电机发生周期的按压和释放,该摩擦发电机样品的最大输出电压和电流信号分别达到了304V和2. 9μA。 Use periodic oscillation (5.OHz about 40N force) of the stepping motor generator occurs friction press and release cycle, the maximum output voltage and current signals of the friction generator samples are up to 304V and 2. 9μA.

[0120] 实施例4 [0120] Example 4

[0121] 采用硅模板制成厚度为150um的聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜。 [0121] The template is made of silicon having a thickness of 150um of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film. 在该聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜的一侧表面上涂覆粒径12nm的纳米碳酸钙颗粒,涂覆量为每平米PDMS表面涂覆纳米碳酸钙颗粒〇. 〇4g,得到纳米薄膜层。 On one side surface of the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film coated particle nano calcium carbonate particles, coating amount of 12nm per square meter PDMS surface coating of nano particles of calcium carbonate billion. 〇4g obtain nano film layer.

[0122] 需要制备的摩擦发电机尺寸为3cmX3cm,总厚度大约是500μm。 [0122] Preparation of friction generator dimensions required for 3cmX3cm, the total thickness is about 500μm. 该摩擦发电机1 包括层叠设置的第一电极层11,第一聚合物材料层12,和第二电极层13。 The friction generator 1 includes a first stacked electrode layer 11 disposed, a first layer of polymeric material 12, and the second electrode layer 13.

[0123] 采用上述纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层12,其另一个表面上镀厚度IOOnm的铝薄膜,该铝薄膜即为第一电极层11。 [0123] The above-described nano-film layer 12 as the first layer of polymeric material, its thickness IOOnm plated on the other surface of the aluminum film, the aluminum thin film layer 11 is a first electrode.

[0124] 采用厚度100μm的铜箔作为第二电极层13。 [0124] The copper foil of 100μm thickness as the second electrode layer 13.

[0125] 按照第一聚合物材料层12的涂覆有纳米颗粒的表面朝向第二电极层13,将第二电极层13叠放到第一聚合物材料层12上,得到摩擦发电机。 [0125] The coating material layer 12 is a first polymeric nanoparticle surface toward the second electrode layer 13, the second electrode layer 13 is superposed on the first layer of polymeric material 12 to give friction generator. 该摩擦发电机的边缘用普通胶布密封。 Sealing edge of the friction generator with ordinary tape.

[0126] 摩擦发电机在IV(电流-电压)的测量中表现出典型的开路特征。 [0126] friction generator in IV (current - voltage) exhibits the typical characteristics of open circuit measurements. 使用周期振荡(5.OHz和约40N的力)的步进电机使摩擦发电机发生周期的按压和释放,该摩擦发电机样品的最大输出电压和电流信号分别达到了382V和4. 0μA。 Use periodic oscillation (5.OHz about 40N force) of the stepping motor generator occurs friction press and release cycle, the maximum output voltage and current signals of the friction generator samples are up to 382V and 4. 0μA.

[0127] 实施例5 [0127] Example 5

[0128] 采用硅模板制成厚度为150um的聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜。 [0128] The template is made of silicon having a thickness of 150um of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film. 在该聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜的一侧表面上涂覆粒径12nm的纳米钛酸钡颗粒,涂覆量为每平米PDMS表面涂覆纳米钛酸钡颗粒〇. 〇4g,得到纳米薄膜层。 In this polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film coated on one surface of nano barium titanate particles 12nm particle size, the coating amount per square meter for the PDMS surface barium titanate particles coated billion. 〇4g, to obtain a nano thin film layer.

[0129] 需要制备的摩擦发电机尺寸为3cmX3cm,总厚度大约是500μm。 [0129] Preparation of friction generator dimensions required for 3cmX3cm, the total thickness is about 500μm. 该摩擦发电机1 包括层叠设置的第一电极层11,第一聚合物材料层12,和第二电极层13。 The friction generator 1 includes a first stacked electrode layer 11 disposed, a first layer of polymeric material 12, and the second electrode layer 13.

[0130] 采用上述纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层12,其另一个表面上镀厚度IOOnm的铝薄膜,该铝薄膜即为第一电极层11。 [0130] The above-described nano-film layer 12 as the first layer of polymeric material, its thickness IOOnm plated on the other surface of the aluminum film, the aluminum thin film layer 11 is a first electrode.

[0131] 采用厚度100μm的铜箔作为第二电极层13。 [0131] The copper foil of 100μm thickness as the second electrode layer 13. 按照第一聚合物材料层12的涂覆有纳米颗粒的表面朝向第二电极层13,将第二电极层13叠放到第一聚合物材料层12上,得到摩擦发电机。 12 in accordance with a first layer of coating material polymer nanoparticle surface toward the second electrode layer 13, the second electrode layer 13 is superposed on the first layer of polymeric material 12 to give friction generator. 该摩擦发电机的边缘用普通胶布密封。 Sealing edge of the friction generator with ordinary tape.

[0132] 摩擦发电机在IV(电流-电压)的测量中表现出典型的开路特征。 [0132] friction generator in IV (current - voltage) exhibits the typical characteristics of open circuit measurements. 使用周期振荡(5.OHz和约40N的力)的步进电机使摩擦发电机发生周期的按压和释放,该摩擦发电机样品的最大输出电压和电流信号分别达到了442V和4. 2μA。 Use periodic oscillation (5.OHz about 40N force) of the stepping motor generator occurs friction press and release cycle, the maximum output voltage and current signals of the friction generator samples are up to 442V and 4. 2μA.

[0133] 实施例6 [0133] Example 6

[0134] 采用硅模板制成厚度为150um的聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜。 [0134] The template is made of silicon having a thickness of 150um of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film. 在该聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜的一侧表面上涂覆粒径12nm的纳米聚苯胺颗粒,涂覆量为每平米PDMS表面涂覆纳米聚苯胺颗粒〇. 〇4g,得到纳米薄膜层。 On one side surface of the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film coated particle nano polyaniline particles, coating amount of 12nm per square meter PDMS surface coating of nano particles of polyaniline billion. 〇4g obtain nano film layer.

[0135] 需要制备的摩擦发电机尺寸为3cmX3cm,总厚度大约是500μm。 [0135] Preparation of friction generator dimensions required for 3cmX3cm, the total thickness is about 500μm. 该摩擦发电机1 包括层叠设置的第一电极层11,第一聚合物材料层12,和第二电极层13。 The friction generator 1 includes a first stacked electrode layer 11 disposed, a first layer of polymeric material 12, and the second electrode layer 13.

[0136] 采用上述纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层12,其另一个表面上镀厚度IOOnm的铝薄膜,该铝薄膜即为第一电极层11。 [0136] The above-described nano-film layer 12 as the first layer of polymeric material, its thickness IOOnm plated on the other surface of the aluminum film, the aluminum thin film layer 11 is a first electrode.

[0137] 采用厚度100μm的铜箔作为第二电极层13。 [0137] The copper foil of 100μm thickness as the second electrode layer 13. 按照第一聚合物材料层12的涂覆有纳米颗粒的表面朝向第二电极层13,将第二电极层13叠放到第一聚合物材料层12上,得到摩擦发电机。 12 in accordance with a first layer of coating material polymer nanoparticle surface toward the second electrode layer 13, the second electrode layer 13 is superposed on the first layer of polymeric material 12 to give friction generator. 该摩擦发电机的边缘用普通胶布密封。 Sealing edge of the friction generator with ordinary tape.

[0138] 摩擦发电机在IV(电流-电压)的测量中表现出典型的开路特征。 [0138] friction generator in IV (current - voltage) exhibits the typical characteristics of open circuit measurements. 使用周期振荡(5.OHz和约40N的力)的步进电机使摩擦发电机发生周期的按压和释放,该摩擦发电机样品的最大输出电压和电流信号分别达到了342V和3. 4μA。 Use periodic oscillation (5.OHz about 40N force) of the stepping motor generator occurs friction press and release cycle, the maximum output voltage and current signals of the friction generator samples are up to 342V and 3. 4μA.

[0139] 实施例7 [0139] Example 7

[0140] 采用硅模板制成厚度为150um的聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜。 [0140] The template is made of silicon having a thickness of 150um of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film. 在该聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜的一侧表面上涂覆粒径12nm的纳米氮化硅颗粒,涂覆量为每平米PDMS表面涂覆纳米氮化娃颗粒〇. 〇4g,得到纳米薄膜层。 In this polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) on one surface of the silicon nitride film coated diameter of the nano particle coating amount of 12nm per square nanometer nitride surface coating PDMS particle billion baby. 〇4g, to obtain a nano thin film layer.

[0141] 需要制备的摩擦发电机尺寸为3cmX3cm,总厚度大约是500μm。 [0141] friction generator the size of a need to prepare for 3cmX3cm, the total thickness of about 500μm. 该摩擦发电机1 包括层叠设置的第一电极层11,第一聚合物材料层12,和第二电极层13。 The friction generator 1 includes a first stacked electrode layer 11 disposed, a first layer of polymeric material 12, and the second electrode layer 13.

[0142] 采用上述纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层12,其另一个表面上镀厚度IOOnm的铝薄膜,该铝薄膜即为第一电极层11。 [0142] The above-described nano-film layer 12 as the first layer of polymeric material, its thickness IOOnm plated on the other surface of the aluminum film, the aluminum thin film layer 11 is a first electrode.

[0143] 采用厚度100μm的铜箔作为第二电极层13。 [0143] The copper foil of 100μm thickness as the second electrode layer 13. 按照第一聚合物材料层12的涂覆有纳米颗粒的表面朝向第二电极层13,将第二电极层13叠放到第一聚合物材料层12上,得到摩擦发电机。 12 in accordance with a first layer of coating material polymer nanoparticle surface toward the second electrode layer 13, the second electrode layer 13 is superposed on the first layer of polymeric material 12 to give friction generator. 该摩擦发电机的边缘用普通胶布密封。 Sealing edge of the friction generator with ordinary tape.

[0144] 摩擦发电机在IV(电流-电压)的测量中表现出典型的开路特征。 [0144] friction generator in IV (current - voltage) exhibits the typical characteristics of open circuit measurements. 使用周期振荡(5.OHz和约40N的力)的步进电机使摩擦发电机发生周期的按压和释放,该摩擦发电机样品的最大输出电压和电流信号分别达到了354V和3. 4μA。 Use periodic oscillation (5.OHz about 40N force) of the stepping motor generator occurs friction press and release cycle, the maximum output voltage and current signals of the friction generator samples are up to 354V and 3. 4μA.

[0145] 实施例8 [0145] Example 8

[0146] 采用硅模板制成厚度为150um的聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜。 [0146] The template is made of silicon having a thickness of 150um of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film. 在该聚二甲基硅氧烷(PDMS)薄膜的一侧表面上涂覆粒径12nm的纳米银颗粒,涂覆量为每平米PDMS表面涂覆纳米银颗粒0. 04g,得到纳米薄膜层。 On the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film coated on one side surface of silver nanoparticles 12nm in diameter, coating amount of PDMS surface coated with silver nanoparticles per square meter 0. 04g, to obtain a nano thin film layer.

[0147] 需要制备的摩擦发电机尺寸为3cmX3cm,总厚度大约是500μm。 [0147] Preparation of friction generator dimensions required for 3cmX3cm, the total thickness is about 500μm. 该摩擦发电机1 包括层叠设置的第一电极层11,第一聚合物材料层12,和第二电极层13。 The friction generator 1 includes a first stacked electrode layer 11 disposed, a first layer of polymeric material 12, and the second electrode layer 13.

[0148] 采用上述纳米薄膜层作为第一聚合物材料层12,其另一个表面上镀厚度IOOnm的铝薄膜,该铝薄膜即为第一电极层11。 [0148] The above-described nano-film layer 12 as the first layer of polymeric material, its thickness IOOnm plated on the other surface of the aluminum film, the aluminum thin film layer 11 is a first electrode.

[0149] 采用厚度100μm的铜箔作为第二电极层13。 [0149] The copper foil of 100μm thickness as the second electrode layer 13. 按照第一聚合物材料层12的涂覆有纳米颗粒的表面朝向第二电极层13,将第二电极层13叠放到第一聚合物材料层12上,得到摩擦发电机。 12 in accordance with a first layer of coating material polymer nanoparticle surface toward the second electrode layer 13, the second electrode layer 13 is superposed on the first layer of polymeric material 12 to give friction generator. 该摩擦发电机的边缘用普通胶布密封。 Sealing edge of the friction generator with ordinary tape.

[0150] 摩擦发电机在IV(电流-电压)的测量中表现出典型的开路特征。 [0150] friction generator in IV (current - voltage) exhibits the typical characteristics of open circuit measurements. 使用周期振荡(5.OHz和约40N的力)的步进电机使摩擦发电机发生周期的按压和释放,该摩擦发电机样品的最大输出电压和电流信号分别达到了228V和2. 1μA。 Use periodic oscillation (5.OHz about 40N force) of the stepping motor generator occurs friction press and release cycle, the maximum output voltage and current signals of the friction generator samples are up to 228V and 2. 1μA.

[0151] 纳米颗粒的涂覆量直接影响粘性材料薄膜表面与另一摩擦表面之间的粘性,从而会影响摩擦发电机的性能。 [0151] The coating amount of nanoparticles directly affects the viscosity tacky film surface with another material between the friction surfaces, the friction which will affect the performance of the generator. 当涂覆量太小时,该粘性降低过少,与另一摩擦表面不能在按压后快速分离,从而影响摩擦发电机的性能。 When the coating amount is too small, the lower the viscosity is too small, not fast separation with another friction surface in the press, which could affect performance friction generator.

[0152] 如果在相同面积的粘性材料薄膜表面涂覆等重量的纳米颗粒,随着粒径增大,纳米粒子数目会减少,而随着粒径减小,纳米粒子数目会增多,同时比表面积增大,这样能更多的覆盖住粘性材料薄膜表面。 [0152] If the viscous material in the same area as the surface of the film coating and the like of the nanoparticles by weight, as the particle size increases, the number of nanoparticles will be reduced, and as the particle size decreases, the number of nanoparticles will increase, while the specific surface area increases, this can cover the surface of the film more viscous material. 因此当纳米颗粒的涂覆量小的时候,粒径小的纳米粒子更容易降低粘性。 Therefore, when a small amount of nanoparticles applied when the small particle size of the nanoparticles easier to reduce viscosity. 适当增加涂覆量,保证粒径大和粒径小的纳米颗粒都能全部覆盖粘性材料薄膜表面时,纳米颗粒的粒径大小影响就不明显了。 When appropriate increase in the coating amount, ensure a large particle size and particle size small nanoparticles can cover all tacky film surface material affect the particle size of the nanoparticles is not obvious.

Citas de patentes
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CN102684546A *15 May 201219 Sep 2012纳米新能源(唐山)有限责任公司Friction generator
CN102710166A *22 May 20123 Oct 2012纳米新能源(唐山)有限责任公司Friction generator
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Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
CN106208802A *30 Ago 20167 Dic 2016电子科技大学Flexible and stretchable friction generator and preparation method therefor
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