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Número de publicaciónCN104434260 A
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudCN 201410844803
Fecha de publicación25 Mar 2015
Fecha de presentación31 Dic 2014
Fecha de prioridad31 Dic 2014
Número de publicación201410844803.5, CN 104434260 A, CN 104434260A, CN 201410844803, CN-A-104434260, CN104434260 A, CN104434260A, CN201410844803, CN201410844803.5
Inventores王三贵, 刘赴平, 王海峰, 蔡云峰, 乔君, 梁婉红, 叶颖
Solicitante东莞市南城医院
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  SIPO, Espacenet
Safety type scaleplate guiding percutaneous liver and kidney calculus operation sheath
CN 104434260 A
Resumen
The invention relates to the technical field of medical auxiliary instruments, in particular to a safety type scaleplate guiding percutaneous liver and kidney calculus operation sheath. The operating sheath comprises a sheath tube with the hollow interior, the outer side wall of the sheath tube is provided with scales and scale values, the scales comprise the long scales and the short scales, four short scales are arranged between every two adjacent long scales, the distance between every two adjacent long scales is 0.5 cm, the distance between every two adjacent short scales is 0.1 cm, the scale values are arranged on one side of the long scales, and the scale values are arranged from the front end of the sheath tube at the interval of two long scales. The operating sheath is simple in structure, economical, practical and capable of keeping the intrahepatic bile duct and a pelvis operating channel open all the time, reducing the complication of mucosal injuries of the bile duct, shortening operation time and being shared by the liver and the kidney, and an operator can conveniently adjust the operative field.
Reclamaciones(10)  traducido del chino
1.一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,包括内部中空的鞘管,其特征在于:所述鞘管的外侧壁开设有刻度和刻度值,刻度包括长刻度和短刻度,相邻两个长刻度之间设置有四个短刻度,相邻两个长刻度之间的距离为0.5cm,相邻两个短刻度之间的距离为0.1cm,刻度值设置于长刻度的一侧,且从鞘管的前端起每隔两个长刻度设置一个刻度值。 A safety-scale guidelines percutaneous kidney stone operation sheath includes a hollow sheath, wherein: the outer wall of the sheath and opened graduated scale values, the scale includes long and short scale calibration phase disposed between adjacent two long scale has four short scale, the distance between two adjacent length scale is 0.5cm, between two adjacent short distance scale 0.1cm, the scale value is set at a length scale side, and plays every two long scale setting a scale value from the distal end of the sheath.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,其特征在于:所述鞘管为型号为14Fr、16Fr、18Fr或20Fr的鞘管。 2. According to a safety-scale guidelines for percutaneous kidney stone operation sheath according to claim 1, wherein: the sheath tube model 14Fr, 16Fr, 18Fr or 20Fr sheath.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,其特征在于:所述鞘管的长度为16-20cm,所述刻度的长度为14-16cm。 3. According to a safety-scale guidelines for percutaneous kidney stone operation sheath according to claim 1, characterized in that: said sheath length of 16-20cm, the scale length is 14-16cm.
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,其特征在于:所述鞘管的长度为18cm,所述刻度的长度为15cm。 4. A safety-scale guidelines percutaneous kidney stone operations sheath according to claim 1, characterized in that: said sheath has a length of 18cm, the length scale of 15cm.
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,其特征在于:所述鞘管后端的两侧分别凸设有扶耳。 5. A safety-scale guidelines percutaneous kidney stone operation sheath according to claim 1, characterized in that: both sides of the rear end of the projection sheath has helped ear respectively.
6.根据权利要求5所述的一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,其特征在于:所述扶耳呈方形。 6. A safety-scale guidelines for percutaneous kidney stone operation sheath according to claim 5, characterized in that: the Rotary ear square.
7.根据权利要求1所述的一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,其特征在于:所述鞘管的前端设置有环形倒角。 7. A safety-scale guidelines for percutaneous kidney stone operation according to claim sheath, wherein: the front end of the sheath has an annular chamfered.
8.根据权利要求1所述的一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,其特征在于:所述鞘管的壁厚为0.2-0.4mm。 8. The system of claim 1, wherein the safety-scale guidelines for percutaneous kidney stone operation sheath, wherein: the wall thickness of the sheath tube is 0.2-0.4mm.
9.根据权利要求1所述的一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,其特征在于:所述鞘管的外侧壁设置有厚度为50-100 μ m的聚四氟乙烯层。 9. The system of claim 1, wherein the safety-scale guidelines percutaneous kidney stone operation sheath, wherein: the outer wall of the sheath is provided with a thickness of 50-100 μ m polytetrafluoroethylene layer.
10.根据权利要求1所述的一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,其特征在于:所述鞘管的外侧壁设置有厚度为5-25 μ m的抗菌层。 10. The system of claim safe scale guidelines kidney stone operation percutaneous sheath 1, characterized in that: the outer wall of the sheath is provided with a thickness of 5-25 μ m antibacterial layer.
Descripción  traducido del chino
—种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘 - Kind of safety-scale guidelines for percutaneous kidney stone operation sheath

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及医疗辅助器械技术领域,具体涉及一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘。 [0001] The present invention relates to the technical field of medical auxiliary equipment, in particular to a safety-scale guidelines for percutaneous kidney stone operation sheath.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 肝内胆管结石及肾结石是普外科常见病多发病,处理极为棘手。 [0002] intrahepatic bile duct stones and kidney stones is a common disease in general surgery, treatment is extremely difficult. 既往多采用开腹腔肝段、肝叶切除术、肾盂切开取石体外碎石术,近年来随着对内镜手术的发展,逐渐发展经皮肝、肾碎石取石术,但穿刺过程中易出现肝脏组织及胆管、肾脏损伤等问题,从而影响该项技术的推广和发展。 Past use of open-abdominal liver segment, liver resection, pelvis cut stone lithotripsy in vitro, in recent years with the development of endoscopic surgery, gradually developing percutaneous liver, kidney lithotripsy, but the process is easy to puncture appear liver and bile duct, kidney damage and other problems, thus affecting the promotion and development of the technology.

发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0003] 肝内胆管结石及肾结石是普外科常见病多发病,处理极为棘手。 [0003] intrahepatic bile duct stones and kidney stones is a common disease in general surgery, treatment is extremely difficult. 既往多采用开腹腔肝段、肝叶切除术、肾盂切开取石体外碎石术,近年来随着对内镜手术的发展,逐渐发展经皮肝、肾碎石取石术,但穿刺过程中易出现肝脏组织及胆管、肾脏损伤等问题,从而影响该项技术的推广和发展。 Past use of open-abdominal liver segment, liver resection, pelvis cut stone lithotripsy in vitro, in recent years with the development of endoscopic surgery, gradually developing percutaneous liver, kidney lithotripsy, but the process is easy to puncture appear liver and bile duct, kidney damage and other problems, thus affecting the promotion and development of the technology.

发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0004] 为了克服现有技术中存在的缺点和不足,本发明的目的在于提供一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,该操作鞘结构简单,经济实用,始终保持肝内胆管、肾盂操作通道开放,减少胆管黏膜损伤的并发症,缩短手术时间,便于术者调整手术视野,可肝肾共用。 [0004] In order to overcome the shortcomings and deficiencies of the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a safety-scale guidelines percutaneous kidney stone operation of the sheath, the sheath structure is simple, economical and practical, and always maintain the intrahepatic bile duct, pelvis operating channel opening, reducing bile duct mucosal injury complications, shorter operative time, ease the surgeon to adjust the operative field, may be shared kidney.

[0005] 本发明的目的通过下述技术方案实现:一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,包括内部中空的鞘管,所述鞘管的外侧壁开设有刻度和刻度值,刻度包括长刻度和短刻度,相邻两个长刻度之间设置有四个短刻度,相邻两个长刻度之间的距离为0.5cm,相邻两个短刻度之间的距离为0.1cm,刻度值设置于长刻度的一侧,且从鞘管的前端起每隔两个长刻度设置一个刻度值。 [0005] The object of the present invention is realized by the following technical solution: a safe scale guidelines percutaneous sheath kidney stone operation, including a hollow sheath, the outer wall of the sheath and opened graduated scale values, the scale including long and short scale scale scale adjacent four short set between two long scale, the distance between two adjacent length scale is 0.5cm, the distance between two adjacent short scale is 0.1cm, Scale value is set to one side of the scale length, and starting from the front end of the sheath of every two long scale setting a scale value.

[0006] 进一步的,所述鞘管为型号为14Fr、16Fr、18Fr或20Fr的鞘管。 [0006] Further, the sheath tube model 14Fr, 16Fr, 18Fr or 20Fr sheath.

[0007] 进一步的,所述鞘管的长度为16_20cm,所述刻度的长度为14_16cm。 [0007] Further, the length of the sheath 16_20cm, the scale length is 14_16cm.

[0008] 进一步的,所述鞘管的长度为18cm,所述刻度的长度为15cm。 [0008] Further, the length of the sheath 18cm, the scale length is 15cm.

[0009] 进一步的,所述鞘管后端的两侧分别凸设有扶耳。 [0009] Further, both sides of the rear end of the sheath protruding ears were provided with help.

[0010] 进一步的,所述扶耳呈方形。 [0010] Further, the Rotary ear square.

[0011] 进一步的,所述鞘管的前端设置有环形倒角。 [0011] Further, the front end of the sheath has an annular chamfered.

[0012] 进一步的,所述鞘管的壁厚为0.2-0.4mm。 [0012] Further, the wall thickness of the sheath is 0.2-0.4mm.

[0013] 进一步的,所述鞘管的外侧壁设置有厚度为50-100 μ m的聚四氟乙烯层。 [0013] Further, the outer side wall of the sheath is provided with a thickness of 50-100 μ m polytetrafluoroethylene layer.

[0014] 进一步的,所述鞘管的外侧壁设置有厚度为5-25 μ m的抗菌层。 [0014] Further, the outer side wall of the sheath is provided with a thickness of 5-25 μ m antibacterial layer.

[0015] 本发明的有益效果在于:本发明的鞘管的外侧壁开设有刻度和刻度值,能按术前CT、术中超声定位预测的深度及对应的扩张套件深度精确推进鞘管的深度,避免过深或过浅;结构简单,经济实用,始终保持肝内胆管、肾盂操作通道开放,减少胆管黏膜损伤的并发症,缩短手术时间,便于术者调整手术视野,可肝肾共用。 [0015] the beneficial effects of the present invention is that: the outer wall of the sheath of the present invention, the opening of a scale and scale values, can press the preoperative CT, intraoperative ultrasound to predict the depth and corresponding depth expansion kit accurate depth promoting sheath avoid too deep or too shallow; simple structure, economical and practical, and always maintain the intrahepatic bile duct, renal pelvis operating channel opening, reducing bile duct mucosal injury complications, shorter operative time, ease the surgeon to adjust the operative field, may be shared kidney.

[0016] 本发明的操作鞘具有如下优点:1、有刻度标识,能按术前CT、术中超声定位预测的深度及对应的扩张套件深度精确推进鞘管的深度,避免过深或过浅;2、建立操作通道;3、方便快速,节约手术时间;4、对泥沙样结石可直接由鞘口冲洗出来;5、便于冲洗镜头,保持手术视野清晰;6、方便固定及调整手术视野,为手术提供便利和操作空间;7、对肝肾的穿刺通道可以压迫止血;8、术毕,根据鞘管的深度可以精确放置引流管到预定位置;9、可利用器械同时完成肝、肾碎石取石术,减少耗材,便于管理。 [0016] Operation of the sheath of the present invention has the following advantages: 1, a scale identification, can press the preoperative CT, intraoperative ultrasound to predict the depth and corresponding depth expansion kit accurate depth promoting sheath, to avoid too deep or too shallow ; 2, the establishment of the working channel; 3, easily and quickly, saving operation time; 4, sand-like stones can be washed out directly from the mouth of the sheath; 5, easy to wash-up, maintain a clear surgical field; 6, easy fixed and adjust the operative field , to facilitate the operation and operation of space; 7, liver and kidney puncture channel can hemostasis; 8, surgery, depending on the depth of the sheath can be precisely placed drainage tube to a predetermined position; 9, the instrument can be used simultaneously in liver, kidney lithotripsy, reduce supplies, easy to manage.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0017] 图1是本发明的结构示意图; [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention;

图2是本发明的局部放大示意图; Figure 2 is a partially enlarged schematic view of the present invention;

附图标记为:1一鞘管、2—刻度、21—长刻度、22—短刻度、3—刻度值、4一扶耳。 Numeral: 1 a sheath, 2 scale, 21 long scale, and the 22 short scale, 3 scale values, a Rotary 4 ears.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0018] 为了便于本领域技术人员的理解,下面结合实施例及附图1-2对本发明作进一步的说明,实施方式提及的内容并非对本发明的限定。 [0018] In order to facilitate understanding of the skill in the art, the following examples and the accompanying drawings in conjunction 1-2 of the present invention is further illustrated, the contents mentioned embodiment of the present invention is not limited.

[0019] 见图1-2,一种安全型标尺指引经皮肝肾取石操作鞘,包括内部中空的鞘管1,所述鞘管I的外侧壁开设有刻度2和刻度值3,刻度2包括长刻度21和短刻度22,相邻两个长刻度21之间设置有四个短刻度22,相邻两个长刻度21之间的距离为0.5cm,相邻两个短刻度22之间的距离为0.1cm,刻度值3设置于长刻度21的一侧,且从鞘管I的前端起每隔两个长刻度21设置一个刻度值3。 [0019] Figure 1-2 A safe scale guidelines percutaneous sheath kidney stone operation, including internal hollow sheath 1, the sheath tube outer wall opened I graduated scale values 2 and 3, the scale 2 including short scale between 22 and 22, disposed between adjacent two long scale 21 with four short scale 22, 21 adjacent the distance between two long scale is 0.5cm, the adjacent two short scale length scale 21 and The distance of 0.1cm, 3 provided on one side of the scale value long scale 21, and every two long scale 21 is provided from the front end of a scale value 3 from the sheath I.

[0020] 本发明的鞘管I的外侧壁开设有刻度2和刻度值3,能按术前CT、术中超声定位预测的深度及对应的扩张套件深度精确推进鞘管I的深度,避免过深或过浅;结构简单,经济实用,始终保持肝内胆管、肾盂操作通道开放,减少胆管黏膜损伤的并发症,缩短手术时间,便于术者调整手术视野,可肝肾共用。 [0020] The outer wall of the sheath of the present invention is opened I graduated scale values 2 and 3, to press the preoperative CT, intraoperative ultrasound to predict the depth and corresponding depth expansion kit sheath I promote accurate depth, to avoid excessive deep or too shallow; structure is simple, economical and practical, and always maintain the intrahepatic bile duct, renal pelvis operating channel opening, reducing bile duct mucosal injury complications, shorter operative time, ease the surgeon to adjust the operative field, may be shared kidney.

[0021] 本实施例中,所述鞘管I为型号为14Fr、16Fr、18Fr*20Fr的鞘管I。 [0021] In this embodiment, the sheath for the model I 14Fr, 16Fr, 18Fr * 20Fr sheath I.

[0022] 本实施例中,所述鞘管I的长度为16-20cm,所述刻度2的长度为14-16cm。 [0022] In this embodiment, the sheath length I of 16-20cm, the length of the scale 2 is 14-16cm. 为使本发明达到最佳使用效果,所述鞘管I的长度为18cm,所述刻度2的长度为15cm。 In order to achieve the best results of the present invention, the length of the sheath I 18cm, the length of the scale 2 is 15cm.

[0023] 本实施例中,所述鞘管I后端的两侧分别凸设有扶耳4。 Both sides of the [0023] In this embodiment, the rear end of the sheath I help ear projections provided 4 respectively. 扶耳4的设置方便扶住鞘管I。 Ear Set 4 help ease hold sheath I.

[0024] 本实施例中,所述扶耳4呈方形。 [0024] In this embodiment, the Rotary ear 4 square. 方形的扶耳4的设置方便扶住。 Rotary square ear set up to facilitate 4 hold.

[0025] 本实施例中,所述鞘管I的前端设置有环形倒角。 Example [0025] This, the sheath I distal end provided with an annular chamfer. 环形倒角的设置方便鞘管I的插入。 Chamfered annular sheath I set up to facilitate insertion.

[0026] 本实施例中,所述鞘管I的壁厚为0.2-0.4mm。 [0026] In this embodiment, the wall thickness of the sheath I is 0.2-0.4mm. 为使本发明达到最佳使用效果,所述鞘管I的壁厚为0.3mm。 In order to achieve the best results of the present invention, the sheath wall thickness I is 0.3mm.

[0027] 本实施例中,所述鞘管I的外侧壁设置有厚度为50-100 μ m的聚四氟乙烯层。 [0027] In this embodiment, the outer side wall of the sheath I is provided with a thickness of 50-100 μ m polytetrafluoroethylene layer. 氮化钛薄膜层硬度高、耐磨性好、附着力好、抗腐蚀、具有良好的细胞相容性。 Titanium nitride thin film layer of high hardness, wear resistance, good adhesion, corrosion resistance, has good biocompatibility.

[0028] 本实施例中,所述鞘管I的外侧壁设置有厚度为5-25 μ m的抗菌层。 [0028] In this embodiment, the outer sheath I is provided with a side wall having a thickness of 5-25 μ m antibacterial layer. 抗菌层的设置使得鞘管I本体具有较好的抗菌作用,防止感染。 Set antibacterial layer makes the sheath body I have good antibacterial activity, to prevent infection.

[0029] 本发明的操作鞘具有如下优点:1、有刻度2标识,能按术前CT、术中超声定位预测的深度及对应的扩张套件深度精确推进鞘管I的深度,避免过深或过浅;2、建立操作通道;3、方便快速,节约手术时间;4、对泥沙样结石可直接由鞘口冲洗出来;5、便于冲洗镜头,保持手术视野清晰;6、方便固定及调整手术视野,为手术提供便利和操作空间;7、对肝肾的穿刺通道可以压迫止血;8、术毕,根据鞘管I的深度可以精确放置引流管到预定位置;9、可利用器械同时完成肝、肾碎石取石术,减少耗材,便于管理。 [0029] Operation of the sheath of the present invention has the following advantages: 1, 2 graduated logo, can press the preoperative CT, intraoperative ultrasound to predict the depth and corresponding depth expansion kit accurate depth promoting sheath I avoid too deep or too shallow; 2, the establishment of the working channel; 3, easily and quickly, saving operation time; 4, sand-like stones can be washed out directly from the mouth of the sheath; 5, easy to wash-up, maintain a clear surgical field; 6, easy fixing and adjustment the operative field, to facilitate the operation and operation of space; 7, liver and kidney puncture channel can hemostasis; 8, surgery, I depth can be precisely placed drainage tube to a predetermined position according to the sheath; 9, can be completed at the same time take advantage of the instrument liver and kidney lithotripsy, reduce supplies, easy to manage.

[0030] 上述实施例为本发明较佳的实现方案,除此之外,本发明还可以其它方式实现,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下任何显而易见的替换均在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0030] The above-described preferred embodiments of the present invention to achieve the program, in addition, the present invention can also be achieved in other ways, no obvious replacement are within without departing from the inventive concept premise in the scope of the invention. .

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Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalA61B17/22
Clasificación cooperativaA61B2017/00889, A61B2017/22072, A61B17/22, A61B2017/00853
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
25 Mar 2015C06Publication
7 Nov 2017RJ01