Búsqueda Imágenes Maps Play YouTube Noticias Gmail Drive Más »
Iniciar sesión
Usuarios de lectores de pantalla: deben hacer clic en este enlace para utilizar el modo de accesibilidad. Este modo tiene las mismas funciones esenciales pero funciona mejor con el lector.

Patentes

  1. Búsqueda avanzada de patentes
Número de publicaciónCN104893665 A
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudCN 201510260752
Fecha de publicación9 Sep 2015
Fecha de presentación21 May 2015
Fecha de prioridad21 May 2015
También publicado comoCN104893665B
Número de publicación201510260752.6, CN 104893665 A, CN 104893665A, CN 201510260752, CN-A-104893665, CN104893665 A, CN104893665A, CN201510260752, CN201510260752.6
Inventores赵鹏, 冯雷, 白帆
Solicitante长安大学
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  SIPO, Espacenet
Salt release material and preparation method and application thereof
CN 104893665 A
Resumen
The invention relates to a salt release material and its preparation method and application. The involved salt release material comprises water glass, organic salt, a waterproof agent and a modifier. The organic salt is one or a mixture of more than two ingredients selected from alkali metal acetate, alkaline earth metal acetate, alkali metal lactate and alkaline earth metal lactate. The waterproof agent is methyl sodium silicate or methyl sodium nitrate. The modifier is any one selected from sodium dodecanesulphonate, diethanolamine and dodecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride. According to the preparation method, through an inorganic gelling technology, the organic salt particles undergo direct wet coating-dry modification to finally obtain the environmentally-friendly salt release material with hydrophobic and slow-release functions.
Reclamaciones(8)  traducido del chino
1. 一种释盐材料,其特征在于,该释盐材料包括水玻璃、有机盐化物、防水剂和改性剂; 所述有机盐化物为碱金属醋酸盐、碱土金属醋酸盐、碱金属乳酸盐和碱土金属乳酸盐中的一种或两种以上的混合物; 所述防水剂为甲基硅酸钠或者甲基硝酸钠; 所述改性剂为十二烷基磺酸钠、二乙醇胺和十二烷基三甲基氯化铵中的任意一种。 A releasing salt material, characterized in that the releasing salt material comprises water glass, organic salified, waterproofing agents and modifiers; said salified organic substance is an alkali metal acetate, an alkaline earth metal acetates, alkali metal and alkaline earth metal lactate lactate of one or a mixture of two or more; the waterproofing agent is sodium methyl silicate or a methyl group; the modifier is sodium dodecyl sulfate , diethanolamine and dodecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride in any one.
2. 如权利要求1所述的释盐材料,其特征在于,所述水玻璃与有机盐化物的质量比为1 :0. 2-0. 7 ;所述防水剂与有机盐化物的质量比为I:100-200 ;所述有机盐化物与改性剂的质量比为1 :〇. 01-0. 03。 2. The releasing salt material according to claim 1, characterized in that the mass ratio of water glass salified with organic substance is 1: 0 2-0 7; the quality of the waterproofing agent salified with an organic substance ratio as I: 100-200; the quality of the organic matter and salinization modifier ratio is 1: 01-0 03 billion...
3. 如权利要求1所述的释盐材料,其特征在于,所述水玻璃为模数2. 0-3. 2范围的固含量重量比为30 %的工业水玻璃。 Releasing salt material according to claim, characterized in that the water glass is modulo 2. 0-3. 2 range of solids content of 30% by weight of water glass.
4. 如权利要求1所述的释盐材料,其特征在于,所述释盐材料的粒度为过200目筛。 The salt release material according to claim 1, characterized in that the particle size of the salt-release material is over 200 mesh sieve.
5. 权利要求1所述释盐材料的制备方法,其特征在于,所述制备方法包括: 将水玻璃、有机盐化物和防水剂混合均匀后干燥、破碎得到固体凝胶材料,将所得固体凝胶材料与改性剂混合均匀后得到释盐材料。 The method for preparing a salt releasing material according to claim, characterized in that said preparation method comprising: after the water glass, organic matter and water salinization uniformly mixed and dried, crushed to obtain a solid gel material, and the resulting solid condensate blend material with a modifier obtained even after releasing salt material.
6. 如权利要求5所述的制备方法,其特征在于,所述的制备方法包括:将水玻璃、有机盐化物和防水剂在搅拌磨中混合均匀得到包覆浆料,包覆浆料干燥、破碎得到固体凝胶材料,将所得固体凝胶材料与改性剂进行球磨混合均匀后得到释盐材料。 The slurry was dried water glass, organic matter and water repellent salified with stirring mill coated uniformly mixed to obtain a slurry, coating: as claimed in claim 5, wherein the preparation process, characterized in that the method comprises preparing , crushed to obtain a solid gel material, the resulting solid gel material with a modifier were uniformly mixed to obtain milled material releasing salts.
7. 如权利要求5或6所述的制备方法,其特征在于,所述干燥温度为110-180°C。 7. The production method according to claim 5 or claim 6, characterized in that the drying temperature is 110-180 ° C.
8. 权利要求1所述释盐材料作为融雪剂的应用。 Said a release material according to claim salt as a deicing applications.
Descripción  traducido del chino
一种释盐材料及其制备方法与应用 A salt material and preparation method and application release

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及释盐材料的制备技术,具体涉及一种可以调控溶解释放速率的环保释盐材料及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to releasing salt material preparation technology, specifically relates to a regulatory dissolution release rate of environmental release salt material and preparation method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 传统的道路融雪剂材料没有缓释功能,加入道路材料中,雨季过后就被释放完结, 到了冬季失去融雪功能。 [0002] The conventional road deicing material is not sustained-release function, adding the road material, was released after the end of the rainy season, the winter snowmelt lose function.

[0003] 实现道路材料释盐速率控制一直是道路建筑材料领域涉及的课题,常用的办法是在可溶解盐化物表面包覆有机缓释材料用于控制溶解速率。 [0003] The realization of road salt release rate controlling material has been the subject involved in the field of road construction materials, commonly used approach is to dissolve the salting was coated slow-release organic material is used to control the rate of dissolution. 或者将盐化物溶解载入多孔材料,然后用将有机憎水材料进行改性,经过多个步骤,最后获得具有一定缓释性能的蓄盐材料,但是缓释性能达不到满足道路自融雪5年以上的技术要求,通常不到两年就释放完毕。 Salt was dissolved loading or porous material, and then the organic hydrophobic material is modified through a number of steps, and finally get the salt accumulating material having certain release properties, but the sustained performance of less than meet the road from snowmelt 5 In the above technical requirements, usually less than two years to release completed. [0004] 而且,现行的工艺存在的突出问题是成本高,工艺复杂,缓释效果差。 [0004] Moreover, the current outstanding problems exist in the process is the high cost, complex process, sustained poor results.

[0005] 其次,传统的释盐材料往往是卤化物盐类,容易造成环境污染和腐蚀交通设备等问题。 [0005] Secondly, the traditional interpretation of the salt material halide salts are often likely to cause environmental pollution and corrosion of transportation equipment and other issues.

发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0006] 针对现有技术存在的缺陷或不足,本发明提供了一种释盐材料。 [0006] for defects or deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a releasing salt material.

[0007] 本发明所提供的释盐材料包括水玻璃、有机盐化物、防水剂和改性剂;所述有机盐化物为碱金属醋酸盐、碱土金属醋酸盐、碱金属乳酸盐和碱土金属乳酸盐中的一种或两种以上的混合物;所述防水剂为甲基硅酸钠或者甲基硝酸钠;所述改性剂为十二烷基磺酸钠,二乙醇胺、十二烷基三甲基氯化铵任意一种。 [0007] releasing salt material of the present invention include sodium silicate, organic salified, waterproofing agents and modifiers; said salified organic substance is an alkali metal acetate, an alkaline earth metal acetates, alkali metal lactate, and an alkaline earth metal lactate in one or a mixture of two or more; the waterproofing agent is sodium methyl silicate or a methyl group; the modifier is sodium dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine, ten dialkyl trimethyl ammonium chloride either.

[0008] 可选的,所述水玻璃与有机盐化物的质量比为1 :0. 2-0. 7 ;所述防水剂与有机盐化物的质量比为I :100-200 ;所述有机盐化物与改性剂的质量比为1 :0. 01-0. 03。 [0008] Optionally, the quality Salt water glass and organic matter ratio of 1: 0 2-0 7; the quality of the water repellent with an organic substance ratio of Salt I:.. 100-200; the organic Salt was the mass ratio of modifier to 1: 0 01-0 03.

[0009] 可选的,所述水玻璃为模数2. 0-3. 2范围的固含量重量比为30%的工业水玻璃。 [0009] Optionally, the water glass modulo 2 0-3 2 weight ratio range of solids content of 30% of industrial water glass.

[0010] 可选的,所述释盐材料的粒度为过200目筛。 [0010] Optionally, the release material particle size of the salt through a 200 mesh sieve.

[0011] 本发明同时提供了上述释盐材料的制备方法。 [0011] The present invention also provides a method for preparing the release of salt material.

[0012] 所提供的制备方法包括:将水玻璃、有机盐化物和防水剂混合均匀后干燥、破碎得到固体凝胶材料,将所得固体凝胶材料与改性剂混合均匀后得到释盐材料。 Preparation Method [0012] provided comprising: after the water glass, organic matter and water salinization uniformly mixed and dried, crushed to obtain a solid gel material, after the resulting solid gel material mixed with a modifier to give releasing salt material.

[0013] 进一步,所提供的制备方法包括:将水玻璃、有机盐化物和防水剂在搅拌磨中混合均匀后干燥、破碎得到固体凝胶材料,将所得固体凝胶材料与改性剂进行球磨混合均匀后得到释盐材料。 [0013] Further, a method is provided for preparing comprises: water glass, organic matter and water repellent salified stirring mill after mixing was dried, crushed to obtain a solid gel material, the resulting solid gel material were ball milled with a modifier After mixing to obtain release salt material.

[0014] 所述干燥温度为110_180°C。 [0014] The drying temperature is 110_180 ° C.

[0015] 与现有技术相比,本发明的环保释盐粉体材料的有益效果是: [0015] Compared with existing technology, environmental release salt powder material beneficial effect of the present invention are:

[0016] (1)本发明的制备方法是将通过无机胶凝技术,对有机盐化物颗粒进行直接湿法包覆-干法改性的工艺,最终获得具有憎水和缓释功能的环保释盐材料。 [0016] (1) A method of the present invention is an inorganic gel technology, organic Salt particles coated directly wet - dry modified process and, ultimately, environmental protection and sustained release hydrophobic features salt material.

[0017] (2)本发明材料溶解缓释性能可控,释盐速度通过改变原料配比和包覆次数来实现,释盐速度可控性良好。 [0017] (2) The material of the present invention is dissolved controlled release properties, salt release rate by changing the ratio of raw materials and coating times to achieve good speed controllable release salt.

[0018] (3)本发明材料制备工艺简单,便于大规模工业化生产; [0018] (3) material preparation process of the present invention is simple, easy to large-scale industrial production;

[0019] (4)本发明材料环境友好,不污染环境,不腐蚀交通设施和设备。 [0019] Materials Environment (4) of the present invention and friendly, no pollution, no corrosion transportation facilities and equipment.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0020] 图1为本发明的制备工艺流程参考图。 [0020] Preparation process 1 of the present invention with reference to FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0021] 本发明的释盐材料主要用于道路材料领域涉及融雪应用。 Releasing salt material [0021] The present invention relates mainly used for road material snowmelt applications.

[0022] 本发明的水玻璃是溶解速度较慢的硅酸盐,作为易容盐化物的包覆材料,具有控制盐化物溶解速度的关键作用。 [0022] The present invention is dissolved waterglass slower silicate, as a coating material salified turning thereof, a control dissolving speed salified key role. 可选择模数2-3. 2的水玻璃,能够实现溶解速度控制的模数。 Alternatively modulus waterglass 2-3. 2, it is possible to achieve control of the dissolution rate of modulus.

[0023] 本发明的有机盐化物为碱金属或碱土金属醋酸盐,乳酸盐等有机盐粉体,例如醋酸钠,醋酸钾,乳酸钾,乳酸钠,醋酸钙,醋酸镁,乳酸钙,乳酸镁等。 [0023] Salt of the invention the organic alkali metal or alkaline earth metal acetate, lactate powder and other organic salts, e.g., sodium acetate, potassium acetate, potassium lactate, sodium lactate, calcium acetate, magnesium acetate, calcium lactate, lactic acid magnesium.

[0024] 本发明的防水剂为甲基硅酸钠或者甲基硝酸钠,该组分的作用是憎水作用,防水材料,透气不透水材料,可以阻止水分进入材料的速度。 [0024] The waterproofing agent of the present invention is sodium methyl silicate or a methyl group, the role of the role of this component is hydrophobic, waterproof material, breathable waterproof material, can prevent water entry velocity material.

[0025] 本发明的改性剂为十二烷基磺酸钠,二乙醇胺、十二烷基三甲基氯化铵任意一种, 发挥憎水作用,阻止水分快速进入粉体材料表面,避免盐化物快速溶出。 [0025] modifier of the present invention is sodium dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride either play hydrophobic effect, prevents moisture quickly into the powder material surface, avoid Salt was rapid dissolution.

[0026] 以下是发明人提供的具体实施例,以对本发明的技术方案作进一步解释说明。 [0026] The following is a specific embodiment of the invention to provide to the technical aspect of the present invention will be further explanation. [0027] 实施例1 : [0027] Example 1:

[0028] 模数为3. 2、固含量为30 %的水玻璃300克,醋酸镁100克,硅烷防水剂甲基硅酸钠1克,按照1000 rpm转速的搅拌磨中包覆10分钟,并在150度温度下干燥2小时,破碎后添加2克十二烷基三甲基氯化铵球磨改性,获得小于200目憎水性明显的环保释盐粉体材料。 [0028] modulus of 3.2, a solids content of 30% of the sodium silicate 300 g, 100 g of magnesium acetate, sodium methyl silane waterproofing agent 1 g, in accordance with the rotational speed of 1000 rpm mill coated stirring 10 minutes, and dried at a temperature of 150 degrees for 2 hours after the crushing adding 2 g dodecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride milling modified to give less than 200 mesh hydrophobic obvious environmental release salt powder materials.

[0029] 取1克粉体放入150毫升的去离子水中,测量氯离子析出浓度,见表1。 [0029] Take 1 g of powder into 150 ml of deionized water, measuring the concentration of chlorine ion elution, see Table 1.

[0030] 表1 [0030] Table 1

[0031] [0031]

Figure CN104893665AD00041

[0032] 实施例2 : [0032] Example 2:

[0033] 模数为2. 2固含量为30%的水玻璃400克,醋酸钾150克,甲基硝酸钠1. 2克,按照1000 rpm转速的搅拌磨中包覆10分钟,并在150度温度下干燥2小时,破碎后添加3克二乙醇胺干法改性剂球磨改性,获得小于200目憎水性明显的环保释盐粉体材料。 [0033] modulus of 2.2 to 30% solids content sodium silicate 400 g, 150 g potassium acetate, 1.2 g of sodium nitrate methyl, coated in accordance with the rotational speed of 1000 rpm for 10 minutes in the stirred mill, and 150 dried at a temperature of 2 hours, broken after adding 3 g of diethanolamine dry milling modifier modified to obtain hydrophobic obvious environmental release salt powder materials is less than 200 mesh.

[0034] 取1克粉体放入150毫升的去离子水中,测量氯离子析出浓度,见表2。 [0034] Take 1 g of powder into 150 ml of deionized water, measuring the concentration of chlorine ion elution, see Table 2.

[0035] 表2 [0035] Table 2

[0036] [0036]

Figure CN104893665AD00051

[0037] 实施例3 : [0037] Example 3:

[0038] 模数为2. 2、固含量为30%的水玻璃400克,乳酸钾150克,甲基硝酸钠1. 5克,按照1000 rpm转速的搅拌磨中包覆10分钟,并在150度温度下干燥2小时,破碎后添加3克十二烷基磺酸钠干法改性剂球磨改性,获得小于200目憎水性明显的环保释盐粉体材料。 [0038] modulus of 2.2, a solids content of 30% of the sodium silicate 400 g, 150 g potassium lactate, methyl nitrite 1.5 g, stirring speed of 1000 rpm according to the mill for 10 minutes covered, and dried at a temperature of 150 degrees for 2 hours, 3 g of sodium dodecyl sulfate dry milling modifier modified broken, obtain hydrophobic obvious environmental release salt powder materials is less than 200 mesh.

[0039] 取1克粉体放入150毫升的去离子水中,测量氯离子析出浓度,见表2。 [0039] Take 1 g of powder into 150 ml of deionized water, measuring the concentration of chlorine ion elution, see Table 2.

[0040] 表2 [0040] Table 2

[0041] [0041]

Figure CN104893665AD00052
Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
CN102092978A *15 Dic 201015 Jun 2011长安大学Environmental-protection self-snow-melting asphalt pavement admixture and preparation method thereof
CN102173645A *26 Ene 20117 Sep 2011长安大学Salt granule for inhibiting ice/snow on road pavement from freezing and preparation method thereof
CN102604297A *9 Mar 201225 Jul 2012华烁科技股份有限公司Slow-release anti-icing material for bituminous pavement and preparation method thereof
US6982024 *4 Abr 20033 Ene 2006Boris ShkolnikInflatable balloon catheter seal and method
Otras citas
Referencia
1 *曾泽湘等: "盐化物抑冰沥青混合料类型与拌和工艺的研究", 《建设机械技术与管理》
Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalC04B28/26, C09K3/18
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
9 Sep 2015C06Publication
7 Oct 2015C10Entry into substantive examination
15 Feb 2017C14Grant of patent or utility model