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Número de publicaciónCN105466374 A
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudCN 201610066597
Fecha de publicación6 Abr 2016
Fecha de presentación29 Ene 2016
Fecha de prioridad29 Ene 2016
Número de publicación201610066597.9, CN 105466374 A, CN 105466374A, CN 201610066597, CN-A-105466374, CN105466374 A, CN105466374A, CN201610066597, CN201610066597.9
Inventores林书禹, 张辉雄, 张祚
Solicitante广州翔天智能科技有限公司
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  SIPO, Espacenet
Force-controllable size measurement device and using method thereof
CN 105466374 A
Resumen
The invention relates to a force-controllable size measurement device and belongs to the technical field of mechanical and electronic integration and sensing measurement. The force-controllable size measurement device comprises a base, a direct-drive motor, a moving body, a measurement head, a zero-position sensor, a sensing element, a measuring scale, a displacement sensor, a driver and a controller. The moving body is fixed to the direct-drive motor. The direct-drive motor pushing the moving body to linearly move is fixed to the base. The measurement head is fixed to the moving body. The sensing element is arranged on the moving body. The zero-position sensor is arranged in the forwarding direction of the moving body. The measuring scale is arranged on the moving body. The displacement sensor used for acquiring data of the measuring scale is located on one side of the moving body. The controller, the zero-position sensor and the displacement sensor are all electrically connected with the driver. The invention further relates to a using method of the force-controllable size measurement device. The device can be used for measuring the external dimension of an object at a certain measurement force.
Reclamaciones(10)  traducido del chino
1.一种可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:包括基座、直驱电机、移动主体、测量头、零位传感器、感应元件、测量尺、位移传感器、驱动器和控制器; 所述的移动主体固定在直驱电机上,推动移动主体直线运动的直驱电机固定在基座上,所述的测量头固定在移动主体上; 所述的感应元件设置在移动主体上,所述的零位传感器设置在移动主体的前进方向上; 所述的测量尺设置在移动主体上,用于获取测量尺数据的位移传感器位于移动主体的一侧,所述的测量尺和位移传感器位于移动主体的同一侧; 所述的控制器、零位传感器、位移传感器均与驱动器电连接。 A controllable force size measuring apparatus comprising: a base, direct drive motor, a moving subject, the probe zero position sensors, inductive components, measuring scale, displacement sensors, actuators and controllers; the mobile body fixed direct-drive motor, linear motion of moving subjects promote direct drive motor mounted on the base, the measuring head is fixed to the mobile body; wherein the sensing element is provided on the moving body, said zero sensor is disposed in the forward direction of the moving body; measuring scale disposed on said mobile body for obtaining a moving subject is located in a side displacement sensor measuring scale data, the measurement scale and displacement sensors located on moving subjects the same side; the controller, the zero position sensors, displacement sensors are connected to the driver circuit.
2.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:它还包括导轨和滑块,所述的导轨固定在基座的平台上,所述的滑块滑动式安装在导轨上,所述的移动主体固定在滑块上。 2. The claim controllable force sizing device 1, characterized in that: it includes a guide rail and the slider, said rail is fixed on the base platform, said slide slidably mounted the rail, the moving body is fixed on the slider.
3.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的移动主体上设有安装块,所述的测量尺安装在安装块上;所述的测量尺位于移动主体的左侧,所述的位移传感器位于测量尺的左侧。 3. The controllable force sizing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the mounting block is provided on said moving body, said measuring scale onto the mounting block; measuring scale located in the mobile the left side of the body, said displacement sensor is located in measuring the left foot.
4.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的感应元件设置在移动主体的右侧上,所述的零位传感器位于移动主体的右侧。 According to claim controllable force sizing device 1, characterized in that: the sensing element is provided on the right side of a moving subject, the zero position sensor located on the right side of a moving subject.
5.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的直驱电机包括定子和动子,所述的定子固定在基座上,所述的移动主动固定在直线运动的动子上。 5. In accordance with the size of the controllable force measuring apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the direct drive motor includes a stator and a mover, a stator fixed to the base, moving the active fixed linear motion mover.
6.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的移动主体包括一体形成的第二纵块和第二横块,所述的第二纵块固定在直驱电机上,所述的感应元件固定在第二横块的右侧,所述的测量尺设置在第二横块的左侧,所述的测量头固定在第二横块的前侧。 6. The controllable force to claim 1 wherein the sizing device, characterized in that: said moving body comprises a second longitudinal integrally formed block and a second lateral block, the second block is fixed in the longitudinal straight the drive motor, said sensing element is fixed to the right side of the second lateral block, said second measuring scale provided on the left lateral block, the measuring head is fixed on the front side of the second lateral blocks.
7.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:它还包括机壳,所述的零位传感器固定在机壳的右侧,所述的位移传感器固定在机壳的左侧,所述机壳的前端设有用于测量头穿过的缺口。 7. The controllable force to claim 1 wherein the sizing device, characterized in that: further comprising a housing, a fixed zero on the right side of the sensor housing, the displacement sensor is fixed in the housing the left side of the front end of the housing is provided for measuring the head gap therethrough.
8.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的测量尺为磁栅尺或光栅尺,所述的位移传感器为相应的磁栅传感器或光栅传感器。 8. The claim controllable force sizing device 1, characterized in that: the measuring scale for magnetic scale or grating displacement sensor according to the corresponding magnetic sensor grid or grating sensor.
9.按照权利要求1〜8任一项所述的一种可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法,其特征在于:包括如下的测量步骤: (1)标定测量的位置:向控制器输入测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体的放置平面上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值U; (2)测量物体的尺寸:将被测物体放置在平面上,再向控制器输入同一测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值L2,通过公式L = L2-Li#出被测物体的尺寸。 Use the sizing device 9. The apparatus of claim according to any one of the controllable force 1~8, wherein: the measuring step includes the following: (1) calibration of position measurement: measuring input to the controller force F data, the controller controls the driver output corresponding to the current value, after receiving direct drive motor drive current linear motion to move the body, the body motion movement driven measuring head movement, and finally to the probe to measure the pressure in the measured force F placed on the object plane, a displacement sensor measuring scale will be acquired location data transmitted through the drive to the controller, the controller handling the dimensions value U; (2) to measure the size of the object: the object will be placed on a flat surface, the controller repeatedly enter the same data measuring force F, the controller controls the drive output corresponding to the current value, after receiving direct drive motor drive current linear motion to move the body, the body motion movement driven measuring head movement, and finally to head to measure measuring force F is pressed against the object to be measured, the displacement sensor to measure the acquired foot position data transmitted through the drive to the controller, the controller handling the size of the object to obtain the value of L2, by the formula L = L2-Li # out size.
10.按照权利要求9所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法,其特征在于:第一次使用该装置、该装置内的零部件的安装位置发生改变、该装置内的零部件的安装方向发生改变或测量头的重量发生变化时,该使用方法还包括如下的力校准步骤: (1)获取数值FdPI1:控制器进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值Ii,直驱电机接收电流值Ιι后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值F4P直驱电机上的电流值11; (2)获取数值内和12:控制器再进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生另一电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值12,直驱电机接收电流值12后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值内和直驱电机上的电流值12; ⑶计算测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性关系:将获取到的数值12通过公式F = kl+a得出测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性函数关系。 The method of using a controlled force measuring device 10. The size of claim 9, wherein: the first use of the device, the mounting position of the component within the device is changed, the parts of the apparatus when the weight of the installation or change the direction of the measuring head is changed, the method further comprises the use of force calibration steps: (1) acquisition of values FdPI1: controller into force calibration function, the controller randomly generates a current signal, the controller controls the driver after corresponding output drive current value Ii, direct drive motor receives current value Ιι mobile body movement, body movement, driven by mobile measuring head is pressed against the force tester, record the force measurement value F4P direct drive motor on the current value 11; (2) to obtain within the value and 12: after re-entering the force calibration function controller, the controller randomly generates another current signal, the controller controls the driver output current value corresponding to 12, the direct-drive motor 12 receives current value after drive movement body movement, body movement, driven by mobile measuring head is pressed against the force of the tester, the recording current value in this case force measurement value and the direct drive motor 12; ⑶ calculate and measure the current force F direct drive motor on the I linear relationship: the value of the acquired 12 by the equation F = kl + a linear function of the current I obtained measuring force F and the direct drive motor.
Descripción  traducido del chino
一种可控力的尺寸测量装置及其使用方法 A controlled force sizing device and method of use

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及机电一体化及传感测量的技术领域,尤其涉及一种可控力的尺寸测量装置及其使用方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of mechatronics and sensor measurements, particularly to a controllable force sizing device and method of use.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,市场上的竞争越来越大,各行业都走精益求精的路,对于产品质量的要求越来越高,其中对于尺寸精度也提出了更高的要求。 [0002] Currently, the increasing competition in the market, the industry will go the way of excellence for product quality have become increasingly demanding, where for dimensional accuracy also put forward higher requirements. 在进行产品外尺寸测量时,人们使用的传统传感器一般是在光栅尺或者磁栅尺里面封装一个弹簧,用户使用时搭配一个汽缸推动,接触到被测物体表面,得到一个测量值。 When performing size measurement products, people use traditional sensors are generally in scale or magnetic scale package inside a spring, when the user uses a cylinder with a push, the contact surface of the object to be measured to obtain a measured value. 对于一些并非完全刚性的产品尺寸,测量时压在物体表面的力不同,测出来的尺寸会有误差。 For some not entirely rigid product size, when measured against the surface of different forces, will test out the size of the error. 比如电池产品需要安装在设备中使用,所以外形尺寸必须要在某个合格范围之内才行。 For example, the battery needs to be installed to use the product in the device, so the dimensions must be qualified for the job within a certain range. 在产品质量检测时,必须对其长宽高进行测量,分拣尺寸不符的产品。 When product quality testing, must be measured its length and breadth, sorting size does not match the product. 但电池一般都是软包装,表面硬度并不大,如果采用汽缸,当气压变化时,推力就会变化,测试出来的数据就不准确了。 But batteries are generally flexible packaging, surface hardness is not large, if the cylinder when the pressure change, thrust will change, test out the data is not accurate. 实际生产中,很多塑料、橡胶等软材料的零件产品均会遇到这个问题。 Actual production, a lot of plastics, rubber and other soft materials, parts products will encounter this problem.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]针对现有技术中存在的技术问题,本发明的目的是:提供一种可控力的尺寸测量装置,该装置可以一定的测量力测量测物体的外尺寸; [0003] For technical problems in the prior art, the object of the present invention are: to provide a controlled force sizing device, the device may measure a certain force measuring object to be measured outer dimension;

[0004]本发明的另一目的是提供一种可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法。 [0004] Another object of the present invention is to provide a method to use a size controlled force measuring device.

[0005]为了达到上述目的,本发明采用如下技术方案: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:

[0006] —种可控力的尺寸测量装置,包括基座、直驱电机、移动主体、测量头、零位传感器、感应元件、测量尺、位移传感器、驱动器和控制器; [0006] - kind of controllable force sizing device, comprising a base, direct drive motor, a moving subject, the probe zero position sensors, inductive components, measuring scale, displacement sensors, actuators and controllers;

[0007] 所述的移动主体固定在直驱电机上,推动移动主体直线运动的直驱电机固定在基座上,所述的测量头固定在移动主体上; Moving Subject [0007] In the fixed direct drive motor, linear motion of moving subjects promote direct drive motor mounted on the base, the measuring head is fixed to the mobile body;

[0008]所述的感应元件设置在移动主体上,所述的零位传感器设置在移动主体的前进方向上; Sensing element [0008] The settings on the mobile body, the zero position sensor is provided in the forward direction of movement of the subject;

[0009]所述的测量尺设置在移动主体上,用于获取测量尺数据的位移传感器位于移动主体的一侧,所述的测量尺和位移传感器位于移动主体的同一侧; Measuring tape [0009] provided on the moving body, it is used to obtain a displacement sensor measuring scale data movement on one side of the body, measuring scale and displacement sensors located on the same side of a moving subject;

[0010] 所述的控制器、零位传感器、位移传感器均与驱动器电连接。 [0010] the controller, the zero position sensors, displacement sensors are connected to the driver circuit.

[0011]向控制器输入一测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体的放置平面上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值U。 [0011] a data input to the controller measuring force F, the controller controls the drive output corresponding to the current value, after receiving direct drive motor drive current linear motion to move the body, the body motion movement driven measuring head movement, and finally to measure head to measure the force F is pressed against the placement plane of the object, the displacement sensor to obtain location data measuring foot drive through the transmission to the controller, the controller processes the dimensions value U. 将物体放置在平面上,再向控制器输入同一测量力F的数据,最终控制器处理后获得尺寸值L2,通过公式LzLs-U得出被测物体的尺寸。 The object is placed on a flat surface, again the same measuring force F controller input data, obtained after final processing controller dimension value L2, the size of the object obtained by the formula LzLs-U. 感应元件和零位传感器的设置可以确保测量的一致性。 Sensing element and zero sensor is set to ensure consistency in the measurements.

[0012]进一步的是:可控力的尺寸测量装置还包括导轨和滑块,所述的导轨固定在基座的平台上,所述的滑块滑动式安装在导轨上,所述的移动主体固定在滑块上。 [0012] Further is: controllable force sizing device further comprises a guide rail and a slider, said rail is fixed on the base platform, said slide slidably mounted on the rail, said moving body fixed on the slider. 直驱电机驱动移动主体线性运动时,带动滑块在导轨上移动。 When the direct drive motor driving the moving body linear motion, driven slider on the rail.

[0013]进一步的是:移动主体上设有安装块,所述的测量尺安装在安装块上;所述的测量尺位于移动主体的左侧,所述的位移传感器位于测量尺的左侧。 [0013] Further is: a mounting block to move the body, said measuring scale mounted on the mounting block; measuring scale on the left side of the moving body, the displacement sensor is located on the left foot measurement.

[0014]进一步的是:感应元件设置在移动主体的右侧上,所述的零位传感器位于移动主体的右侧。 [0014] Further are: inductive element disposed on the right side of the moving body, the zero position sensor located on the right side of a moving subject.

[0015]进一步的是:直驱电机包括定子和动子,所述的定子固定在基座上,所述的移动主动固定在直线运动的动子上。 [0015] Further are: direct drive motor includes a stator and a mover, a stator fixed to the base, moving the active fixed in linear motion of the mover.

[0016]进一步的是:移动主体包括一体形成的第二纵块和第二横块,所述的第二纵块固定在直驱电机上,所述的感应元件固定在第二横块的右侧,所述的测量尺设置在第二横块的左侧,所述的测量头固定在第二横块的前侧。 [0016] Further are: mobile body includes a second vertical block and a second lateral block integrally formed, said second vertical block is fixed to the direct drive motor, the sensing element is fixed in the right second lateral block side, said second measuring scale provided on the left lateral block, the measuring head is fixed on the front side of the second lateral blocks.

[0017]进一步的是:可控力的尺寸测量装置还包括机壳,所述的零位传感器固定在机壳的右侧,所述的位移传感器固定在机壳的左侧,所述机壳的前端设有用于测量头穿过的缺 [0017] Further is: controllable force sizing device further comprises a housing, a fixed zero on the right side of the sensor housing, the displacement sensor is fixed on the left side of the housing, the housing the front end is provided for measuring the head through the lack of

□ ο □ ο

[0018]进一步的是:测量尺为磁栅尺或光栅尺,所述的位移传感器为相应的磁栅传感器或光栅传感器。 [0018] Further are: measuring scale for the magnetic scale or grating displacement sensor according to the corresponding magnetic sensor grid or grating sensor.

[0019] —种可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法,包括如下的测量步骤: [0019] - methods of using a controlled force sizing device, comprising the steps of measuring:

[0020] (1)标定测量的位置:向控制器输入测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体的放置平面上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值U; [0020] (1) calibration measurement location: the input data to the controller measuring force F, the controller controls the drive output corresponding to the current value, after receiving direct drive motor drive current linear motion to move the body, the body of the motion of the mobile drive measuring head movement, and finally to the probe to measure the force F on the object to be measured against the placement plane, the displacement sensor to obtain location data measuring foot drive through the transmission to the controller, the dimensions U value of the controller processing;

[0021] (2)测量物体的尺寸:将被测物体放置在平面上,再向控制器输入同一测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值L2,通过公式L = L2-L^出被测物体的尺寸。 [0021] (2) measuring the size of the object: the object will be placed on a flat, again the same measuring force F controller input data, the controller controls the driver output current value corresponding to drive after receiving direct drive motor current value moving subject linear motion, motion moving body driven measuring head movement, and finally to the probe to measure the force F is pressed against the object to be measured, the position displacement sensor measuring scale data acquired by the drive transmission to the controller, the dimensions of the processed L2, by the equation L = L2-L ^ size the object to be measured.

[0022]第一次使用该装置、该装置内的零部件的安装位置发生改变、该装置内的零部件的安装方向发生改变或测量头的重量发生变化时,该使用方法还包括如下的力校准步骤: [0022] The first use of the device, the installation position of the components within the device is changed, the mounting direction components within the device is changed or when the weight of the head changes the measurement, the method further comprises the use of force calibration Procedure:

[0023] (1)获取数值&和11:控制器进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值Ii,直驱电机接收电流值Ιι后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值FdP直驱电机上的电流值11; [0023] (1) and obtain the value & 11: controller into force calibration function, the controller randomly generates a current signal, the controller controls the drive output corresponding to a current value Ii, direct drive motor after receiving the current value Ιι driven mobile body motion , driven by movement of the mobile body measuring head is pressed against the force tester, record the force measurement value FdP direct drive current to the motor 11;

[0024] (2)获取数值内和12:控制器再进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生另一电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值12,直驱电机接收电流值12后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值F4P直驱电机上的电流值12; [0024] (2) to obtain within the value and 12: After the drive controller then enter force calibration function, the controller randomly generates another current signal, the controller controls the driver output current value corresponding to 12, the direct-drive motor 12 after receiving the current value mobile body motion movement moving body driven probe is pressed against the force tester, record the force measurement value F4P direct current drive motor 12;

[0025] (3)计算测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性关系:将获取到的数值通过公式F = kl+a得出测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性函数关系。 [0025] (3) calculate the linear relationship between the current I measuring force F and the direct drive motor: The value will be acquired by the equation F = kl + a linear function of the current I obtained measuring force F on the motor and direct drive relationship.

[0026]总的说来,本发明具有如下优点: [0026] In general, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0027] 1.本发明的装置可以一定的测量力测量测物体的外尺寸。 Means [0027] 1. The present invention may be a certain measure of force measurement object to be measured outside dimensions.

[0028] 2.本发明的装置可保证每次测量的一致性,测量的准确性高。 Means [0028] 2. The present invention can ensure the consistency of each measurement, high accuracy measurement.

[0029] 3.本发明的装置适用性强,能在不同环境下进行测量。 [0029] 3. The apparatus of applicability of the present invention is strong, it can be measured in different environments.

[0030] 4.本发明可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法可实现以一定的测量力测量测物体的外尺寸。 Use size measuring device [0030] 4. The present invention is a controllable force can achieve a certain measure of force measurement object to be measured outside dimensions.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0031]图1是本发明第一方向立体图的结构示意图,未画出机壳。 [0031] Figure 1 is a schematic perspective view of a first direction of the present invention, the housing is not shown.

[0032]图2是本发明第二方向立体图的结构示意图,未画出机壳。 [0032] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention, a perspective view of a second direction, the housing is not shown.

[0033]图3是本发明第三方向立体图的结构示意图,未画出机壳、移动主体和固定在移动主体上的部件。 [0033] FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the third direction of the present invention, the housing is not shown, the mobile body and is fixed to the moving body parts.

[0034]图4是本发明的俯视图,未画出机壳。 [0034] FIG. 4 is a top view of the present invention, the housing is not shown.

[0035]图5是本发明的主视图,未画出机壳。 [0035] FIG. 5 is a front view of the present invention, the housing is not shown.

[0036]图6是本发明第四方向立体图的结构示意图,已画出机壳,未画出上盖板。 [0036] FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a fourth direction of the present invention, the chassis has been drawn, not shown on the cover.

[0037]图7是本发明标定测量的位置时的原理图。 [0037] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the calibration time position measurement of the present invention.

[0038]图8是本发明测量物体的尺寸时的原理图。 [0038] FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of the present invention to measure the size of objects when.

[0039] 其中,1为基座,1-1为第一纵块,1-2为第一横块,2为移动主体,2-1为第二纵块,2-2为第二横块,3为测量头,3-1为第三纵块,3-2为第三横块,4为直驱电机,4-1为定子,4_2为动子,5为光电对管,6为遮光片,7为安装块,8为位移传感器,9为滑块,10为导轨,11为测量尺,12为机壳,12-1为前挡块,12-2为右盖板,12-3为左盖板,13为被测物体,14为平面。 [0039] where 1 is the base for the first vertical block 1-1, 1-2 for the first cross-block 2 is moving subject, a second vertical block 2-1, 2-2 for the second horizontal block 3 for the probe, 3-1 for the third vertical blocks, 3-2 for the third horizontal block, 4 direct-drive motor, the stator 4-1, 4_2 as mover 5 is a photoelectric tube, 6 blackout sheet, mounting block 7, 8 is a displacement sensor, 9 sliders, 10 of the guide rail, measuring 11 feet, 12 chassis, the front stopper 12-1, 12-2 for the right cover, 12-3 the left cover 13 of the measured object 14 is flat.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0040]下面将结合附图和具体实施方式来对本发明做进一步详细的说明。 [0040] in conjunction with the following drawings and detailed description to further detailed description of the present invention.

[0041]下文所说的上下前后方向与图5的上下右左方向一致,所说的左右方向与图4的下上方向一致。 From top to bottom right and left direction [0041] of said front and back below the vertical direction in Fig. 5, agreed under the direction of said right and left direction in Fig. 4.

[0042]结合图1和图2所示,一种可控力的尺寸测量装置,包括基座、直驱电机、移动主体、测量头、零位传感器、感应元件、测量尺、位移传感器、机壳、导轨、滑块、驱动器和控制器。 [0042] in conjunction with FIG. 1 and FIG, a controlled force sizing device 2, comprises a base, direct drive motor, a moving subject, the probe zero position sensors, inductive components, measuring scale, displacement sensors, machine shell, rails, sliders, drives and controllers. 所述的移动主体固定在直驱电机上,推动移动主体直线运动的直驱电机固定在基座上,所述的测量头固定在移动主体上;所述的感应元件设置在移动主体上,所述的零位传感器设置在移动主体的前进方向上;所述的测量尺设置在移动主体上,用于获取测量尺数据的位移传感器位于移动主体的一侧,所述的测量尺和位移传感器位于移动主体的同一侧;所述的控制器、零位传感器、位移传感器均与驱动器电连接。 Said moving body is fixed to the direct drive motors, linear motion of moving subjects to promote direct drive motor mounted on the base, the measuring head is fixed to the mobile body; a sensing element disposed on said mobile body, the zero setting of the sensor described in the forward direction of the moving body; measuring scale disposed on said mobile body for obtaining a moving subject is located in a side displacement sensor measuring scale data, the measurement scale and displacement sensors located the same side of a moving subject; the controller, the zero position sensors, displacement sensors are connected to the driver circuit.

[0043]下面对该装置的技术方案进行更详细的说明: [0043] The following aspect of the device will be described in more detail:

[0044]结合图1、图3、图5所示,基座包括一体形成的第一纵块和第一横块,第一横块当作基座的平台使用。 [0044] conjunction with Figure 1, as shown in FIG. 3, FIG. 5, the base block including a first longitudinal and first transverse integrally formed block, the block as the first cross platform base. 直驱电机包括定子和动子,所述的动子是直线运动型的,定子固定在第一纵块的端面上。 Direct drive motor includes a stator and a mover, said mover is a linear motion type, the stator fixed to the first longitudinal end surface of the block. 导轨固定在基座的平台上,滑块滑动式安装在导轨上,所述的移动主体固定在滑块上。 Rail is fixed on the base platform, slide slidably mounted on the rail, the moving body is fixed on the slider.

[0045]结合图1所示,移动主体包括一体形成的第二纵块和第二横块,第二纵块固定在直驱电机的动子上,第二横块和滑块通过螺栓连接的方式固定,也可以采用其他方式将第二横块固定在滑块上。 [0045] in conjunction with FIG. 1, a mobile body includes integrally formed with a second block and a second longitudinal cross block, the second block is fixed to the vertical direct drive motor mover, the second cross slide block and connected by bolts fixed way, can also be used in other ways to the second cross-block is fixed on the slider. 第二横块的前部份设有凹槽,测量头包括一体形成的第三横块和第三纵块,第三横块固定在第二横块的凹槽上,第三横块的长度大于第三纵块的长度。 Before the second part of the cross block with grooves, the probe comprising a third transverse block and the third block is integrally formed in the longitudinal, transverse third block is fixed in the recess of the second lateral blocks, the third horizontal length of the block is greater than the longitudinal length of the third block. 移动主体的第二横块上设有安装块,安装块包括竖直块和水平块,水平块与竖直块一体形成,竖直块位于移动主体的左侧,如图4所示,测量尺安装在竖直块的左端面上,测量尺比较薄,在图4上用一条线表示;竖直块上设有腰形的通孔,通过该腰形的通孔,可将安装块固定在移动主体的左右方向上的不同位置上。 A mounting block on the second cross-body block moves, block mounting block includes a vertical and horizontal block, level block with the vertical block integrally formed vertical block on the left side of a moving subject, shown in Figure 4, measurement scale vertically mounted on the left face of the block, relatively thin measuring scale, in Figure 4 indicated by a line; Slotted through holes provided in the vertical block by the waist-shaped through hole can be fixed to the mounting block left and right direction of a moving subject on a different position. 位移传感器位于测量尺的左侧。 Displacement measurement sensor is located on the left foot. 所述的测量尺为磁栅尺或光栅尺,所述的位移传感器为相应的磁栅传感器或光栅传感器。 The measurement of magnetic scale or a scale grating displacement sensor according to the corresponding magnetic sensor grid or grating sensor. 所述的感应元件设置在第二横块的右端面上,所述的零位传感器设置在移动主体的前进方向上,当移动主体向前运动到零位传感器时,零位传感器感应到感应元件的位置,零位传感器将信号传输给驱动器,驱动器再发送该信号给控制器,控制器存储此时感应元件的位置信息,并记为绝对零位。 The sensing element is provided at the right lateral surface of the second block, the zero position sensor is provided in the forward direction of a moving subject, when the mobile body moves forward to the zero position sensor, the zero position sensor senses the sensing element position, zero position sensor sends the signal to the drive, the drive and then transmits the signal to the controller, the controller stores the location information at this time sensing element and referred to as absolute zero. 所述的感应元件为遮光片、磁铁件、金属件等,所述的零位传感器为相应的光电对管、霍尔传感器、金属接近开关等。 The sensing element is shading film, magnets, metal parts, zero position sensor according to the corresponding photoelectric tube, Hall sensors, proximity switches and other metals. 本文的感应元件以遮光片为例,零位传感器以光电对管为例进行说明。 Sensing elements paper shading film, for example, zero in on the photoelectric sensor as an example. 遮光片固定在第二横块的右端面上,光电对管设有相对布置的发射管和接收管,发射管和接收管形成一开口,移动主体运动时,遮光片的上端穿过该开口。 Gobos fixed at the right end of the second lateral surface of the block, with a photoelectric tube relative arrangement of the launch tube and receiving tube, receiving tube launch tube and the formation of an opening movement of the mobile body, the upper end of the light-shielding sheet through the opening.

[0046]结合图6所示,该装置的机壳用于保护内部的零部件,光电对管固定在机壳的右侧,位移传感器固定在机壳的左侧,机壳的前端设有用于测量头穿过的缺口。 [0046] connection with FIG. 6, the housing of the apparatus for protecting internal parts, photoelectric tube fixed to the right side of the cabinet, the displacement sensor is fixed on the left side of the housing, the front end of the housing is provided for measuring head through the gap. 该机壳包括左盖板、右盖板、上盖板和前挡块,上盖板未画出;前挡块固定在基座的前端面上,前挡块上设有用于测量头穿过的缺口;右盖板固定在基座和前挡块的右端面上,光电对管固定在右盖板上;左盖板固定在基座和前挡块的左端面上,位移传感器固定在左盖板上;上盖板设置在基座的上端。 The cabinet includes a left cover, right cover, top cover and front stopper, not shown on the cover; the front stopper is fixed to the front end face of the base, before the stopper is provided with a measuring head through gap; the right cover at the right end surface of the fixed base and the front stopper, photoelectric tube fixed on the right cover; left cover fixed to the left end of the front surface of the base and the stopper, the displacement sensor is fixed on the left on the cover; the cover provided at the upper end of the base.

[0047] 该装置还设有相应的驱动器和控制器,驱动器和控制器属于现有技术,驱动器为直驱电机的伺服驱动器,驱动器由三层闭环控制,包括速度环、位置环、和电流环。 [0047] The device is also provided with corresponding drives and controllers, drives and controllers belong to the prior art, the drive to direct drive servo drive motor, drive closed-loop control consists of three layers, including a speed loop and position loop, and current loop . 控制器、位移传感器、光电对管均与驱动器电连接,控制器可以向驱动器传输信号,驱动器也可以向控制器传输信号,驱动器接收控制器、位移传感器和光电对管的信号后驱动直驱电机工作。 Controller, displacement sensors, photoelectric tubes are connected to the drive power controller can also receive controller to drive the transmission signal, the drive to the controller transmitted signal, the drive, after the displacement sensors and photoelectric tube signal drive direct drive motor jobs.

[0048]下面对该装置的使用情况和使用方法进行详细的说明: [0048] The following usage and the use of the device will be described in detail:

[0049]直驱电机的动子推动移动主体沿着导轨做直线运动,当固定在移动主体上的遮光片穿过光电对管的开口处时,即遮光片阻挡住光电对管的发射管和接收管的信号传递时,光电对管感应到遮光片的位置,光电对管将信号传输给驱动器,驱动器再发送该信号给控制器,控制器存储此时遮光片的位置信息,并记为绝对零位。 When [0049] direct-drive motor move mover pushing along the main rail linear motion, when the light-shielding sheet is fixed to the mobile body through the photoelectric tube opening, that gobo stop the photoelectric tube launch tube, and Upon receipt of signal transmission tube, photoelectric tube sensor to the light-shielding sheet position, photoelectric tube sends the signal to the drive, the drive signal is then sent to the location information to the controller, which this time is stored shading sheet and recorded as an absolute zero. 每次断电后,该装置仍能找到绝对零位,从而确保测量的一致性。 After each power failure, the device can still find absolute zero, in order to ensure consistency in the measurements.

[0050]该装置可使测量头以一定的测量力压在被测物体的表面:先向控制器输入测量力的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头的运动,最终使测量头以相应的测量力压在被测物体的表面。 [0050] The device allows the probe to beat a certain measure the surface of the object: the driving force after Xianxiang controller input measurement data, the controller controls the drive output corresponding to the current value, direct drive motor receives a current value mobile body motion, the motion of a moving subject movement led probe, and finally to the corresponding measurement probe to beat the surface of the object to be measured. 测量力是指测量时,测量头以一定的压力压在被测物体表面,测量力的大小等于测量头压在被测物体表面的正压力。 Force measurement refers to the measurement, the measuring head with a certain pressure against the object surface, measuring the size of the force is equal to the pressure in a positive pressure probe measured surface.

[0051]该装置可实现测量被测物体的尺寸:此处测量尺以磁栅尺、位移传感器以磁栅传感器为例进行说明,磁栅尺上的N极和S极等距交替排列,位移传感器能感应到N极和S极的变化。 [0051] The device can realize the size of the object of measurement: measurement scale where the magnetic grid scale, magnetic grid displacement sensor to sensor as an example, N-pole magnetic scale on and S poles alternately arranged equidistant displacement sensor can sense a change in the N and S poles. 直驱电机动子的运动带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动磁栅尺的运动,磁栅传感器感应到磁栅尺的运动,磁栅尺时时通过磁栅传感器将位置数据返回给驱动器,当测量头压在被测物体的放置平面时,驱动器获取到磁栅尺的位置数据后传输给控制器,控制器记录此时磁栅尺返回的位置数据,并标为零位,标完零位之后,之后的每次测量均不需要再次标定零位。 Direct drive motor mover movement driven by a moving subject movement, movement of the mobile body driven magnetic scale motion, magnetic grating sensor senses the magnetic grid scale motion, magnetic scale from time to time by the magnetic grid sensor position data back to the drive when when the probe is placed flat against the object to be measured, the drive to get the data after the position of the magnetic scale transmission to the controller, the controller records the location data at this time to return the magnetic grid scale, and standard zero position, be marked zero then, after each measurement not need recalibration zero. 将被测物体放置在平面上,当测量头压在被测物体表面时,驱动器获取到磁栅尺的位置数据后传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得被测物体的尺寸值。 The measured object is placed on a flat surface when the probe is pressed against the surface of the object, the drive to get location data magnetic scale after transmission to the controller, the dimensions of the object's value after the controller handles. 磁栅尺在运动时,磁栅传感器获取磁栅尺的位置信息,驱动器将从磁栅传感器获取到的位置信息用于测量头位置和直驱电机动子速度的控制。 Magnetic scale is in motion, magnetic grating sensor acquires the position information of the magnetic grid scale, magnetic grid sensor drive from the acquired location information is used to measure the position of the head mover and the direct drive motor speed control.

[0052]测量力的大小F和直驱电机上的电流I具有线性函数关系,公式为F = kl+a。 Current [0052] Measurement of the size of the force F and the direct drive motor having a linear function of I, formula F = kl + a. 其中,k、a与该装置内的零部件的安装位置和方向有关,比如更换测量头或者该装置由水平安装变为竖直安装均会改变k和a的值。 Wherein, k, a unit within the installation position and direction of the relevant parts, such as replacement of the probe or the device is mounted horizontally into the vertical mounting will change k and a value.

[0053]第一次使用该装置、该装置内的零部件的安装位置发生改变、该装置内的零部件的安装方向发生改变、测量头的重量发生变化,当出现以上四种情况时,需要先标定测量力,即先对该装置进行力校准,从而获得测定测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I之间的线性关系。 [0053] The first use of the device, the installation position of the components within the device is changed, the mounting direction components within the device is changed, the weight of the measuring head is changed, When the above four conditions, you need to first calibration of the measuring force, namely the force calibration means to carry out, so as to obtain a linear relationship between the current I measured the measuring force F on the motor and direct drive between. 力校准的方法如下: Force calibration method is as follows:

[0054] (1)获取数值&和11:控制器进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生电流信号后(用户可自己设定随机产生的电流值I的范围),控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值Ii,直驱电机接收电流值Ιι后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值?工和直驱电机上的电流值I i; [0054] (1) and obtain the value & 11: (current users can set their own randomly generated I range) after the controller into force calibration function, the controller randomly generates a current signal, the controller controls the drive output corresponding current after driving value Ii, direct drive motor receives current value Ιι mobile body movement, body movement, driven by mobile measuring head is pressed against the force tester, record the force measurement value? current workers and direct drive motor on the i i ;

[0055] (2)获取数值内和12:控制器再进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生另一电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值12,直驱电机接收电流值12后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值F4P直驱电机上的电流值12; [0055] (2) to obtain within the value and 12: After the drive controller then enter force calibration function, the controller randomly generates another current signal, the controller controls the driver output current value corresponding to 12, the direct-drive motor 12 after receiving the current value mobile body motion movement moving body driven probe is pressed against the force tester, record the force measurement value F4P direct current drive motor 12;

[0056] (3)计算测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性关系:将获取到的数值通过公式F = kl+a得出测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性函数关系。 [0056] (3) calculate the linear relationship between the current I measuring force F and the direct drive motor: The value will be acquired by the equation F = kl + a linear function of the current I obtained measuring force F on the motor and direct drive relationship.

[0057]校准完该装置后,可用该装置以设定的测量力F测量物体的尺寸,测量方法如下: [0057] After completion of the calibration device, the device can be used to set the measuring force F to measure the size of the object, the measurement method is as follows:

[0058] (1)标定测量的位置:向控制器输入测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,如图7所示,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体的放置平面上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值L1; [0058] (1) calibration measurement location: the input data to the controller measuring force F, the controller controls the drive output corresponding to the current value, after receiving direct drive motor drive current linear motion to move the body, the body of the motion of the mobile drive after the probe movement, shown in Figure 7, and finally to the probe to measure the force F is pressed against the placement plane of the object, the displacement sensor to obtain location data measuring foot drive through the transmission to the controller, the controller processes get the dimension value L1;

[0059] (2)测量物体的尺寸:将被测物体放置在平面上,再向控制器输入同一测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,如图8所示,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值L2,通过公式L = L2-LJ#出被测物体的尺寸。 [0059] (2) measuring the size of the object: the object will be placed on a flat, again the same measuring force F controller input data, the controller controls the driver output current value corresponding to drive after receiving direct drive motor current value moving subject linear motion, motion moving body driven probe movement, shown in Figure 8, and finally to the probe to measure the force F is pressed against the object to be measured, the displacement sensor position data acquired by the measuring foot drive transmission to the controller, the controller handling the dimensions value L2, by the formula L = L2-LJ # size of the object to be measured.

[0060]上述实施例为本发明较佳的实施方式,但本发明的实施方式并不受上述实施例的限制,其他的任何未背离本发明的精神实质与原理下所作的改变、修饰、替代、组合、简化,均应为等效的置换方式,都包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0060] embodiment of the present invention, the above-described preferred embodiments, but the embodiments of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, any other change in the present invention does not depart from the spirit and principles made by the modifications, substitutions , combined, simplified, should be replaced with an equivalent manner, it is included within the scope of the present invention.

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Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalG01B21/04, G01B21/00
Clasificación cooperativaG01B21/045, G01B21/00
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
6 Abr 2016C06Publication
4 May 2016C10Entry into substantive examination