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Número de publicaciónCN105601042 A
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudCN 201610025878
Fecha de publicación25 May 2016
Fecha de presentación15 Ene 2016
Fecha de prioridad15 Ene 2016
Número de publicación201610025878.X, CN 105601042 A, CN 105601042A, CN 201610025878, CN-A-105601042, CN105601042 A, CN105601042A, CN201610025878, CN201610025878.X
Inventores徐阳, 张微
Solicitante上海秦森园林股份有限公司
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  SIPO, Espacenet
Compound pollutant comprehensive treatment system with ecological vegetation trenches
CN 105601042 A
Resumen
The invention discloses a compound pollutant comprehensive treatment system with ecological vegetation trenches. The system comprises rainwater collection devices, and each rainwater collection device comprises a pool which is provided with a water inlet pipe, a grille, an overflow weir and a sludge pipe, wherein the grille is arranged at a water inlet of the water inlet pipe, a bottom elevation of the overflow weir is higher than a top elevation of the water inlet pipe, the sludge pipe is arranged at the bottom of the pool, and bottom sludge discharged from the sludge pipe enters an electrochemical reaction tank to realize treatment. Initial rainwater is subjected to rainwater-sewage separation through the rainwater collection devices, supernatant liquid enters the reaction tanks for treatment through the overflow weir, and a one-level or multi-level constructed wetland treatment system is connected behind each regulation reaction tank. The compound pollutant comprehensive treatment system is effective in removal of harmful substances such as pathogens, heavy metal ions, organic pollutants and suspended particles in the initial rainwater.
Reclamaciones(6)  traducido del chino
1.一种带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统,其特征在于:该系统包括雨水收集装置,所述雨水收集装置包括池体(3),在所述池体(3)上设有进水管(1)、格栅(2)、溢流堰(4)和排泥管(5),所述格栅(2)设置在进水管的进水口处,所述溢流堰(4)的底面标高高于进水管(I)的顶面标高,排泥管(5)设置在池体(3)的底部,所述排泥管(5)排出的底泥进入电化学反应池(8)进行处理,初期雨水经雨水收集装置雨污分流后,澄清液通过溢流堰(4)进入调节反应池(9)进行处理,所述调节反应池(9)后连接有一级或多级人工湿地处理系统(20);所述电化学反应池(8)为玻璃钢结构,在反应池两端分别设有阳极棒(7)和阴极棒(6),在所述阳极棒(7)和阴极棒(6)之间施加0.1〜1.0 mA/cm2的直流电形成直流电场,污泥中带电颗粒分别向阳极棒(7)和阴极棒(6)移动并被吸附;所述调节反应池(9)为钢砼结构、玻璃钢结构或ABS塑料结构,调节反应池的长、宽之间的比例为3:1〜5:1,在调节反应池(9)中设有用于向调节反应池(9)提供纳微米气泡的微孔陶瓷曝气装置(11),所述微孔陶瓷曝气装置包括进气管(21)、进气阀门(22)、压缩气囊(23)、出气阀门(24)、陶瓷芯(25)、曝气砂头(26),空气通过进气管(21)被抽进压缩气囊(23),经压缩的气体通过出气阀门(24)喷入陶瓷芯(25),变为500nm-5ym的纳微米级的气泡,纳微米级的气泡再通过曝气砂头(26)进入调节反应池中,调节反应池中的⑶D去除率为70-73%,B0D去除率为60-65%,清淤率为20-22%。 Compound A pollutant treatment system with vegetation groove, characterized in that: the system comprises a body in the pool of rainwater collection device, the device includes a rainwater collection tank body (3), (3) with a water inlet pipe (1), the grid (2), an overflow weir (4) and mud tubes (5), the grid (2) provided at the inlet of the water inlet, the weir ( bottom 4) of the bottom level higher than the inlet (I) of the top surface elevation, mud tubes (5) disposed in the cell body (3), and the mud tubes (5) discharge of sediment into the electrochemical reaction cell (8) for processing, rainwater rainwater collection device after rain and sewage diversion, the supernatant liquid through the overflow weir (4) into the conditioning reaction tank (9) for processing, the adjustment of the reaction tank (9) is connected to one or more grade artificial wetland treatment system (20); the electrochemical reaction cell (8) glass steel, are provided in the reaction cell anode rod ends (7) and a cathode rod (6), the anode rod (7) between the cathode rod (6) and 0.1~1.0 mA / cm2 DC DC electric field is applied to the formation of sludge in the charged particles and is adsorbed to the anode rod (7) and a cathode rod (6) move respectively; adjusting the reaction cell ( 9) for the reinforced concrete structure, glass, steel or ABS plastic construction, adjustment reaction cell length, width ratio of between 3: 1 ~ 5: 1, in the regulation of the reaction cell (9) is provided for adjusting to the reaction cell ( 9) providing a porous ceramic nano-micro bubble aeration means (11), the aeration device comprises a microporous ceramic intake pipe (21), the inlet valve (22), the compression balloon (23), outlet valve (24) , ceramic core (25), sand aeration head (26) through which the air intake pipe (21) is drawn into the compressed air bag (23), compressed gas is injected through the outlet valve (24) of the ceramic core (25), becomes micron to nano bubbles 500nm-5ym of nano-micron bubbles through sand aeration head (26) into the reaction vessel to adjust, adjust ⑶D removal reaction vessel was 70-73%, B0D removal 60 -65%, dredging was 20-22%.
2.根据权利要求1所述的带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统,其特征在于:所述池体(3)为钢砼结构或玻璃钢结构。 The complex pollutant treatment system with vegetation groove according to claim 1, characterized in that: the cell body (3) for the reinforced concrete structure steel or glass.
3.根据权利要求1所述的初期雨水处理系统,其特征在于:所述格栅(2)倾斜设置在池体(3)中,所述倾斜角α为60〜70°。 Rainwater according to claim 1 wherein the processing system, characterized in that: said grille (2) is inclined in the cell body (3), the inclination angle α of 60~70 °.
4.根据权利要求1所述的带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统,其特征在于:所述人工湿地处理系统(20)为人工湿地处理系统,所述人工湿地处理系统包括植物丛(13)、覆盖土层(14)、种植土层(15)、砂滤层(16)、填料层(17)、穿孔排水管(18)和溢流管(19),所述植物丛(13)由鸢尾、千屈菜、铜钱草、水葱、灯心草、花叶芦竹组成,植物从的植被高度范围为50〜100cm;所述覆盖土层(14)由鹅卵石和树皮组成;所述种植土层(15)的厚度为20〜60cm,种植土层(15)由平均粒径均为5〜20 mm的营养土和砂烁组成;所述砂滤层(16)的厚度为4〜5cm,砂滤层(16)中组分的粒径为0.2〜0.5mm,砂滤层(16)中砂子含量为60%〜85%,余量为粘土;所述填料层(17)由煤渣或砂石组成,所述填料层的厚度为30〜40cm,填料层的粒径为5〜8cm,填料层(17)的渗透系数不小于10—5m/s。 4. The composite pollutant treatment system with vegetation groove according to claim 1, characterized in that: the constructed wetland treatment system (20) for the constructed wetland treatment system, the artificial wetland treatment system including plants Cong (13), covering soil (14), planting soil (15), sand filter layer (16), the filler layer (17), perforated drain pipe (18) and the overflow pipe (19), the plant roots (13) by the Iris, Lythrum, coins grass, water onion, rushes, mosaic Arundo donax composition, vegetation height range from plants for 50~100cm; cover the soil (14) by the composition of pebbles and bark; the cultivation of the soil (15) has a thickness 20~60cm, planting soil (15) by the average particle diameter of 5~20 mm are nutritive soil and sand Shuo composition; the thickness of the sand filter layer (16) is 4~5cm, sand filter layer (16) particle size of the components of 0.2~0.5mm, sand filter layer (16) in the sand content of 60% ~ 85%, and the balance of clay; the filler layer (17) composed by a cinder or gravel, the filler layer has a thickness of 30~40cm, ParticleSize layer 5~8cm, the filler layer (17) of the permeability coefficient of not less than 10-5m / s.
5.根据权利要求1所述的带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统,其特征在于:所述穿孔排水管(18)的管径为DN20〜DN25,管材为PVC材质或PP材质。 5. The compound according to claim pollutant treatment system with vegetation slot 1, characterized in that: said perforated drain pipe (18) diameter is DN20~DN25, PVC pipe for the material or PP material .
6.根据权利要求1-5任一所述的带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统,其特征在于:所述溢流管(19)的管径为DN20〜DN25。 6. The composite pollutant treatment system with vegetation slots 1-5 to any one of the preceding claims, wherein: the overflow pipe (19) diameter is DN20~DN25.
Descripción  traducido del chino
一种带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统 Composite pollutants an ecological vegetation groove with an integrated processing system

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001]本发明属于环保技术领域,具体涉及一种带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of environmental technology, in particular to complex pollutant processing system with the groove vegetation.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]随着大气污染和地面污染的加重,雨水中的污染物含量越来越多,特别是初期雨水,其富含悬浮颗粒物、C0D、重金属离子等污染物,有些地区的初期雨水的水质指标甚至超过了城市生活污水的标准,初期雨水的妥善处理问题十分重要。 [0002] As air pollution and ground contamination aggravated contaminants rain more and more, especially in the early rain, which is rich in suspended particulate matter, C0D, heavy metals and other pollutants, water quality in some areas of the early rain even more than the standard indicators of urban sewage, rainwater and properly handle the issue is very important.

[0003]随着我国城镇化进度的加快,与之发展速度不匹配的排水系统问题也随之暴露出来,对初期雨水有效处理,恰当蓄存暴雨时的初期雨水可有效缓解城市排水系统的压力,减少城市内涝灾害发生造成的损失。 [0003] With the acceleration of China's urbanization progress, with the pace of development does not match the drainage system problems also will be exposed to rainwater and effective treatment, proper rainwater reservoir rainstorms can effectively alleviate the pressure on urban drainage systems reduce losses caused by urban waterlogging disasters. 大力推进建设自然积存、自然渗透、自然净化的“海绵城市”,节约水资源,保护和改善城市生态环境,促进生态文明建设。 Vigorously promote the construction of a natural reservoir, natural infiltration, natural purification "sponge city", saving water resources, protecting and improving the urban ecological environment and promote ecological civilization.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]针对现有技术中存在的问题,本发明提供一种带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统,能够有效地去除初期雨水中的悬浮颗粒、有机污染物以及重金属离子、病原体等有害物质。 [0004] for the problems in the prior art, the present invention provides a complex pollutant processing system with the groove vegetation, can effectively remove rainwater suspended particles, organic contaminants and heavy metals, pathogens and other harmful substances.

[0005]为实现上述目的,本发明采用以下技术方案: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical scheme:

一种带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统,该系统包括雨水收集装置,所述雨水收集装置包括池体,在所述池体上设有进水管、格栅、溢流堰和排泥管,所述格栅设置在进水管的进水口处,所述溢流堰的底面标高高于进水管的顶面标高,排泥管设置在池体的底部,所述排泥管排出的底泥进入电化学反应池进行处理,初期雨水经雨水收集装置雨污分流后,澄清液通过溢流堰进入调节反应池进行处理,所述调节反应池后连接有一级或多级人工湿地处理系统;所述调节反应池为钢砼结构、玻璃钢结构或ABS塑料结构,调节反应池的长、宽之间的比例为3:1〜5:1,在调节反应池中设有用于向调节反应池提供纳微米气泡的微孔陶瓷曝气装置,所述微孔陶瓷曝气装置包括进气管、进气阀门、压缩气囊、出气阀门、陶瓷芯、曝气砂头,空气通过进气管被抽进压缩气囊,经压缩的气体通过出气阀门喷入陶瓷芯,变为500nm-5ym的纳微米级的气泡,纳微米级的气泡再通过曝气砂头进入调节反应池中,调节反应池中的COD去除率为70-73%,B0D去除率为60-65%,清淤率为20-22%,纳微米级的气泡的产生增加了调节反应池中的氧含量,使水中的好养细菌和微生物消耗更多的COD、BOD、淤泥等富营养化物质。 Compound pollutant processing system slot with vegetation, the system includes a rainwater collection device, the device includes a rainwater collection tank body, is provided on the cell body into the water, grille, and the weir mud tubes, the grid provided in the inlet of the water inlet, the weir bottom level higher than the top surface of the inlet pipe elevation, mud tubes provided at the bottom of the cell body, the sludge discharge pipe after the sediment into the electrochemical reaction cell treated rainwater rainwater collection device after rain and sewage diversion, overflow weir into the supernatant by adjusting the reaction tank for processing, the adjustment of the reaction tank is connected to one or more levels of artificial wetland treatment system; the adjustment reaction cell structure of reinforced concrete, glass, steel or ABS plastic construction, adjustment reaction cell length, width ratio of between 3: 1 ~ 5: 1, the reaction tank is provided for in the regulation to adjust the reaction pools provide a porous ceramic nano-micro bubble aerator, the aeration device comprises a porous ceramic intake manifold, intake valves, compressed air bags, outlet valves, ceramic core aeration head sand through which air is drawn into the intake pipe balloon compression, the compressed gas is injected into the ceramic core through the outlet valve into nano-micron bubble of 500nm-5ym, satisfied micron bubble aeration through the head into the sand adjusting the reaction tank, regulator COD reaction vessel removal of 70-73%, B0D removal rate of 60-65%, 20-22% rate of dredging, nano-micron generation of bubbles increases the oxygen content of the reaction vessel to adjust, so that the good bacteria in the water and microbes consume more of COD, BOD, silt and other nourishing substances.

[0006]所述池体为钢砼结构或玻璃钢结构。 [0006] The cell body is steel or glass reinforced concrete structure.

[0007]所述格栅倾斜设置在池体中,所述倾斜角α为60~70°。 [0007] In the grid cell body disposed inclined, the inclination angle α is 60 ~ 70 °.

[0008]所述电化学反应池为玻璃钢结构,在反应池两端分别设有阳极棒和阴极棒,在所述阳极棒和阴极棒之间施加0.1〜1.0 mA/cm2的直流电形成直流电场,污泥中带电颗粒分别向阳极棒和阴极棒移动并被吸附;在直流电作用下,水溶的或吸附在污泥表面的污染物根据各自所带电荷的不同向不同的电极方向运动,水以电渗析的方式在介质中流动,污泥中的污染物被带到阳极附近,被阳极产生的H+在移动过程中打破污染物与介质的结合,这样将溶解到介质中的污染物迀移到污泥表层,通过电化学和电动力学复合作用,污泥中带电颗粒在电场内移动,在电极附近富集或收集回收,电极反应在阳极、阴极分别产生大量的H+和0H—,使电极附近的pH值分别下降和上升,产生的H+和0H—在电场作用下向另一端电极移动,在移动过程中生成水会引起PH跃阶,会影响污染物溶解度、形态及吸附性能,从而影响电动修复效果,如锌在酸性条件下以金属阳离子存在Zn2+,在碱性条件下以金属酸根Ζη022—存在,在pH跃阶处,生成氢氧化物沉淀;Ca2+、Mg2+在酸性条件下从污泥中溶出。 [0008] The electrochemical reaction tank glass steel, in a reaction tank ends are provided with an anode and a cathode rod rod, 0.1~1.0 mA / cm2 direct current is applied between the anode and the cathode rod rod forming a DC electric field, sludge charged particles are adsorbed to the anode and cathode rod and the rod to move; action in DC, water-soluble or adsorbed on the surface of the sludge contaminants according to their electric charge of different directions to different electrode movement, water electricity dialysis manner in the medium flow, contaminants in sludge was taken near the anode, it is generated at the anode H + binding contaminants to break the media during the move, which will dissolve into the medium to move dirt contaminants Gan mud surface, by electrochemical and electrical kinetic complex role sludge charged particles moving in the electric field in the vicinity of the electrode enrichment or recycling collection, the electrode reaction at the anode, cathode, respectively produce large amounts of H + and 0H-, so close to the electrode pH values were lowered and raised to produce H + and 0H- move toward the other end electrode, water is generated in the process of moving in the electric field can cause PH jump order will affect the solubility, morphology and adsorption properties of pollutants, thus affecting the electric repair effects, such as zinc under acidic conditions in the presence of metal cations Zn2 +, under basic conditions in the presence of metal acid radical Ζη022- at pH jump at the order, generate hydroxide precipitate; Ca2 +, Mg2 + dissolved from the sludge under acidic conditions .

[0009] 所述人工湿地处理系统为人工湿地处理系统,所述人工湿地处理系统包括植物丛、覆盖土层、种植土层、砂滤层、填料层、穿孔排水管和溢流管,所述植物丛由鸢尾、千屈菜、铜钱草、水葱、灯心草、花叶芦竹组成,植物从的植被高度范围为50〜100cm;所述覆盖土层由鹳卵石和树皮组成;所述种植土层的厚度为20〜60cm,种植土层由平均粒径均为5〜20mm的营养土和砂烁组成;所述砂滤层的厚度为4〜5cm,砂滤层中组分的粒径为0.2〜0.5mm,砂滤层中砂子含量为60%〜85%,余量为粘土;所述填料层由煤渣或砂石组成,所述填料层的厚度为30〜40cm,填料层的粒径为5〜8cm,填料层的渗透系数不小于10—5m/s ο [0009] The artificial wetland treatment system was constructed wetland treatment system, the artificial wetland treatment system including plant roots, covering soil, planting soil, sand filter layer, a filler layer, perforated drain pipe and overflow pipe, the plant roots from the Iris, Lythrum, coins grass, water onion, rushes, mosaic Arundo donax composition, vegetation height range from plants for 50~100cm; the overlying soil by the stork pebbles and bark composition; the planting soil thickness 20~60cm, planting soil nutrient soil and an average particle size are composed of sand sparkle 5~20mm; the thickness of the sand filter layer 4~5cm, particle size sand filter layer components as 0.2~0.5mm, sand filter layer of sand content of 60% ~ 85%, and the balance of clay; the filler layer is made of cinder or gravel composition, the thickness of the filler layer 30~40cm, filler particle diameter 5~8cm, the filler layer permeability coefficient of not less than 10-5m / s ο

[0010]所述穿孔排水管的管径为DN20〜DN25,管材为PVC材质或PP材质。 [0010] The perforated drain pipe diameter DN20~DN25, PVC pipe for the material or PP.

[0011] 所述溢流管的管径为DN20〜DN25。 [0011] The overflow pipe diameter is DN20~DN25.

[0012]与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果为:①当初期雨水依次通过雨水收集装置、电化学反应池、调节反应池、一级或多级人工湿地处理系统后通过拦截、微生物降解、吸附、电化学反应,能够有效地去除初期雨水中的悬浮颗粒、有机污染物以及重金属离子、病原体等有害物质;②采用电化学法对金属的去除效果较好,所需的耗能也较低,去除过程中不需要添加任何对环境不利的物质;③缓解城市排水压力,增加城市蓄水能力,为植物、昆虫提供生存活动的空间,调节环境温湿度,改善区域环境气候,有效节约水资源,净化水质,促进水的循环利用,保护生态环境;④本装置可充分利用原有设施,投资成本小,维护管理方便;与周遭环境相和谐,形成一定的景观,带给人美的享受。 [0012] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows: ① when rainwater passes through the rainwater collection device, an electrochemical reaction cell, adjust the reaction tank after one or more stages constructed wetland treatment system by intercepting, microbial degradation, adsorption, electrochemical reaction, can effectively remove rainwater suspended particles, organic contaminants and heavy metals, pathogens and other harmful substances; ② using an electrochemical method for the removal of metal is better, energy is also required low removal process does not need to add any environmentally undesirable substances; ③ relieve pressure on urban drainage, increasing urban water storage capacity, to provide space for the survival activities of plants, insects, adjust the temperature and humidity, improve regional environmental climate, effective conservation water, water purification, and promote water recycling and protecting the environment; ④ the device can make full use of existing facilities, low investment cost, easy maintenance and management; harmony with the surrounding environment, a certain landscape, bringing the joy of beauty .

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013]图1为本发明平面布置的示意图。 [0013] FIG. 1 is a schematic layout of the invention.

[0014]图2为本发明立面布置的示意图。 [0014] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram surface arrangement stand.

[0015]图3为本发明的局部放大图。 [0015] FIG. 3 an enlarged view of the present invention.

[0016]图4为本发明雨水收集装置的立面示意图。 [0016] FIG. 4 a schematic view of the present invention facade rainwater collection device.

[0017]图5为本发明电化学反应池的示意图。 [0017] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of an electrochemical reaction cell.

[0018]图6为本发明调节反应池的示意图。 [0018] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram to adjust the reaction cell.

[0019]图7为本发明人工湿地处理系统的示意图。 [0019] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram constructed wetland treatment system of the present invention.

[0020]图8为本发明微孔陶瓷曝气装置的结构示意图。 [0020] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the invention porous ceramic aeration device.

[0021 ]附图标记: [0021] Reference numeral:

I 一进水管;2 —格栅;3 —池体;4 一溢流堰;5 —排泥管;6—阴极棒;7—阳极棒;8—电化学反应池;9 一调节反应池;10—纳微米级的气泡;11 一微孔陶瓷曝气装置;12—出水管;13—植物从;14 一覆盖土层;15—配置土壤;16—砂滤层;17 —填料;18—穿孔排水管;19 一溢流管;20—人工湿地处理系统;21 —进气管;22 —进气阀门;23—压缩气囊;24 —出气阀门;25—陶瓷芯;26—曝气砂头;27 —雨水口; 28 —雨水管;29—人行道;30—绿化带;31—道路中心线;32—车行道。 I entered the water; 2 - grill; 3 - the cell body; 4 a weir; 5 - mud tubes; 6- cathode rod; 7- anode rod; 8- electrochemical reaction cell; 9 a regulating reaction tank; 10- micron nano bubbles; 11 a porous ceramic aeration device; 12- outlet pipe; 13- plants from; 14 a covering of soil; 15- configured soil; 16- sand filter layer; 17-- filler; 18- perforated drain pipe; 19 an overflow pipe; 20- constructed wetland treatment system; 21 - into the trachea; 22 - inlet valve; 23- compression balloon; 24-- outlet valve; 25- ceramic core; 26- sand aeration head; 27 - gullies; 28 - rainwater pipe; 29- sidewalk; 30- green belt; 31- road centerline; 32- roadway.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0022]下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明的技术方案进行说明: [0022] below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the technology of the present invention will be described below:

实施例1 Example 1

如图1-8所示,本实施例带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统,该系统包括雨水收集装置,所述雨水收集装置包括池体3,在所述池体3上设有进水管1、格栅2、溢流堰4和排泥管5,所述格栅2设置在进水管的进水口处,所述溢流堰4的底面标高高于进水管I的顶面标高,排泥管5设置在池体3的底部,所述排泥管5排出的底泥进入电化学反应池8进行处理,初期雨水经雨水收集装置雨污分流后,澄清液通过溢流堰4进入调节反应池9进行处理,所述调节反应池9后连接有一级或多级人工湿地处理系统20,所述人工湿地处理系统20为人工湿地处理系统,所述人工湿地处理系统包括植物丛13、覆盖土层14、种植土层15、砂滤层16、填料层17、穿孔排水管18和溢流管19,所述植物丛13由鸢尾、千屈菜、铜钱草、水葱、灯心草、花叶芦竹组成,植物从的植被高度范围为50cm;所述覆盖土层14由鹅卵石和树皮组成;所述种植土层15的厚度为20cm,种植土层15由平均粒径均为5mm的营养土和砂烁组成;所述砂滤层16的厚度为4cm,砂滤层16中组分的粒径为0.2mm,砂滤层16中砂子含量为60%,余量为粘土;所述填料层17由煤渣或砂石组成,所述填料层的厚度为30cm,填料层的粒径为5cm,填料层17的渗透系数不小于10—5m/s;所述电化学反应池8为玻璃钢结构,在反应池两端分别设有阳极棒7和阴极棒6,在所述阳极棒7和阴极棒6之间施加0.1mA/cm2的直流电形成直流电场,污泥中带电颗粒分别向阳极棒7和阴极棒6移动并被吸附;在直流电作用下,水溶的或吸附在污泥表面的污染物根据各自所带电荷的不同向不同的电极方向运动,水以电渗析的方式在介质中流动,污泥中的污染物被带到阳极附近,被阳极产生的H+在移动过程中打破污染物与介质的结合,这样将溶解到介质中的污染物迀移到污泥表层,通过电化学和电动力学复合作用,污泥中带电颗粒在电场内移动,在电极附近富集或收集回收;所述调节反应池9为钢砼结构,调节反应池的长、宽之间的比例为3:1,在调节反应池9中设有用于向调节反应池9提供纳微米气泡的微孔陶瓷曝气装置11,该微孔陶瓷曝气装置包括进气管21、进气阀门22、压缩气囊23、出气阀门24、陶瓷芯25、曝气砂头26,空气通过进气管21被抽进压缩气囊23,经压缩的气体通过出气阀门24喷入陶瓷芯25,变为500nm的纳微米级的气泡,纳微米级的气泡再通过曝气砂头26进入调节反应池中,经检测,调节反应池中的COD去除率为70%,BOD去除率为60%,清淤率为20%。 Shown in Figure 1-8, in this case complex pollutant treatment system with vegetation groove embodiment, the system includes a rainwater collection device, the device includes a rainwater collection tank body 3, provided on the cell body 3 there inlet pipe 1, grid 2, weirs and mud tubes 5, 2 provided at the inlet grille intakes at the bottom surface of the overflow weir 4 4 elevation higher than the top surface of the water inlet pipe I elevation, mud tubes 5 provided at the bottom of the tank body 3, the sludge discharge pipe 5 of sediment into the electrochemical reaction cell 8 treated rainwater collection device by rain after rain and sewage diversion, the supernatant liquid through the overflow weir 4 into the conditioning reaction tank 9 for processing, the adjusted reaction cell 9 is connected to one or more levels of artificial wetland treatment system 20, the constructed wetland treatment system 20 is constructed wetland treatment system, the artificial wetland treatment system includes plant roots 13, 14 covering the soil, planting soil 15, sand filter layer 16, filler layer 17, a perforated drain pipe 18 and the overflow pipe 19, the plant 13 by a clump of Iris, Lythrum, coins grass, water onion, rushes mosaic Arundo donax composition, vegetation height range from plants to 50cm; the cover 14 by the pebbles and bark soil composition; the planting soil thickness of 15 to 20cm, planting soil were 15 by the average particle size nutrition soil and sand of 5mm Shuo composition; the thickness of the sand filter layer 16 is 4cm, diameter sand filter layer 16 component is 0.2mm, sand filter layer 16 sand content of 60%, and the balance of clay; the filler layer 17 or by a cinder gravel composition, thickness of the filler layer is 30cm, diameter of the filler layer is 5cm, the filler layer permeability coefficient of not less than 17 10-5m / s; the electrochemical reaction cell 8 glass steel, in a reaction tank ends are provided with an anode and a cathode rod 7 rod 6, 0.1mA / cm2 direct current is applied between the anode and the cathode rod 7 rod 6 is formed DC electric field, the charged particles in the sludge respectively cathode and anode rod 7 rod 6 is moved by adsorption; at DC action, water-soluble or adsorbed on the surface of the sludge contaminants according to their electric charge is different in different directions moving electrode, electrodialysis water way in the media flow, contaminants in sludge was taken near the anode, is generated at the anode H + binding contaminants to break the media during the move, which will dissolve into the media surface contaminants Gan moved sludge by electroporation the combined effects of chemical and electrical dynamics, sludge charged particles moving in the electric field in the vicinity of the electrode enrichment or recycling collection; the ratio between the width adjustment reaction cell 9 reinforced concrete structure, the length adjustment of the reaction tank, 3 : 1, is provided with a porous ceramic aeration device to adjust the reaction tank 9 provides nano-micro bubble 11 9 adjust the reaction tank, the aeration device comprises a porous ceramic intake pipe 21, an intake valve 22, the compression balloon 23 , outlet valve 24, 25 ceramic core aeration sand head 26, through the air intake pipe 21 is drawn into the compression balloon 23, the compressed gas through the outlet valve 24 is sprayed into the ceramic core 25, becomes satisfied micron bubble of 500nm , satisfied micron bubbles through sand aeration head 26 into the conditioning reaction cell, after testing, adjusting the reaction vessel COD removal efficiency of 70%, BOD removal rate was 60%, 20% silt.

[0023]作为优选,本实施例中池体3为钢砼结构或玻璃钢结构,格栅2倾斜设置在池体3中,所述倾斜角α为60°。 [0023] Advantageously, the cell body of the present embodiment 3 as glass or steel reinforced concrete structure, the grid 2 inclined cell body 3, the inclination angle α of 60 °.

[0024]为满足排水的需要,本实施例中穿孔排水管18的管径为DN20,管材为PVC材质,溢流管19的管径为DN20。 [0024] To meet the needs drainage, in this embodiment perforated drain pipe diameter 18 to DN20, PVC pipe for the material, the diameter of the overflow pipe 19 is DN20.

[0025]本实施例中该系统还包括道路中心线31,在道路中心线31两侧对称设有车行道32、雨水管28、绿化带30和人行道29,在绿化带30和人行道29上均设有雨水口27,本实施例中道路的坡度为1.5%。 [0025] In this example the system also includes 31 road centerline, the centerline of the road on both sides with a symmetrical 31 32 roadway, rainwater pipes 28, 30 and sidewalk green belt 29, in the green belt on both 30 and 29 embodiment sidewalk has 27 gullies, road gradient embodiment of the present embodiment is 1.5%.

[0026]为满足实际需要,人工湿地处理系统可以增设为两级或者更多级。 [0026] In order to meet the actual needs, artificial wetland treatment system can be added to two or more stages.

[0027] 实施例2 [0027] Example 2

如图1-8所示,本实施例带有生态植被槽的复合型污染物综合处理系统,该系统包括雨水收集装置,所述雨水收集装置包括池体3,在所述池体3上设有进水管1、格栅2、溢流堰4和排泥管5,所述格栅2设置在进水管的进水口处,所述溢流堰4的底面标高高于进水管I的顶面标高,排泥管5设置在池体3的底部,所述排泥管5排出的底泥进入电化学反应池8进行处理,初期雨水经雨水收集装置雨污分流后,澄清液通过溢流堰4进入调节反应池9进行处理,所述调节反应池9后连接有一级或多级人工湿地处理系统20,所述人工湿地处理系统20为人工湿地处理系统,所述人工湿地处理系统包括植物丛13、覆盖土层14、种植土层15、砂滤层16、填料层17、穿孔排水管18和溢流管19,所述植物丛13由鸢尾、千屈菜、铜钱草、水葱、灯心草、花叶芦竹组成,植物从的植被高度范围为100cm;所述覆盖土层14由鹅卵石和树皮组成;所述种植土层15的厚度为60cm,种植土层15由平均粒径均为20mm的营养土和砂烁组成;所述砂滤层16的厚度为5cm,砂滤层16中组分的粒径为0.5mm,砂滤层16中砂子含量为85%,余量为粘土;所述填料层17由煤渣或砂石组成,所述填料层的厚度为40cm,填料层的粒径为8cm,填料层17的渗透系数不小于10—5m/s;所述电化学反应池8为玻璃钢结构,在反应池两端分别设有阳极棒7和阴极棒6,在所述阳极棒7和阴极棒6之间施加1.0mA/cm2的直流电形成直流电场,在底泥中通入KCL溶液作为导电介质,污泥中带电颗粒分别向阳极棒7和阴极棒6移动并被吸附;在直流电作用下,水溶的或吸附在污泥表面的污染物根据各自所带电荷的不同向不同的电极方向运动,水以电渗析的方式在介质中流动,污泥中的污染物被带到阳极附近,被阳极产生的H+在移动过程中打破污染物与介质的结合,这样将溶解到介质中的污染物迀移到污泥表层,通过电化学和电动力学复合作用,污泥中带电颗粒在电场内移动,在电极附近富集或收集回收;所述调节反应池9为玻璃钢结构,调节反应池的长、宽之间的比例为5:1,在调节反应池9中设有用于向调节反应池9提供纳微米气泡的微孔陶瓷曝气装置11,该微孔陶瓷曝气装置包括进气管21、进气阀门22、压缩气囊23、出气阀门24、陶瓷芯25、曝气砂头26,空气通过进气管21被抽进压缩气囊23,经压缩的气体通过出气阀门24喷入陶瓷芯25,变为5μπι的纳微米级的气泡,纳微米级的气泡再通过曝气砂头26进入调节反应池中,调节反应池中的COD去除率为73%,BOD去除率为65%,清淤率为22%。 Shown in Figure 1-8, in this case complex pollutant treatment system with vegetation groove embodiment, the system includes a rainwater collection device, the device includes a rainwater collection tank body 3, provided on the cell body 3 there inlet pipe 1, grid 2, weirs and mud tubes 5, 2 provided at the inlet grille intakes at the bottom surface of the overflow weir 4 4 elevation higher than the top surface of the water inlet pipe I elevation, mud tubes 5 provided at the bottom of the tank body 3, the sludge discharge pipe 5 of sediment into the electrochemical reaction cell 8 treated rainwater collection device by rain after rain and sewage diversion, the supernatant liquid through the overflow weir 4 into the conditioning reaction tank 9 for processing, the adjusted reaction cell 9 is connected to one or more levels of artificial wetland treatment system 20, the constructed wetland treatment system 20 is constructed wetland treatment system, the artificial wetland treatment system includes plant roots 13, 14 covering the soil, planting soil 15, sand filter layer 16, filler layer 17, a perforated drain pipe 18 and the overflow pipe 19, the plant 13 by a clump of Iris, Lythrum, coins grass, water onion, rushes mosaic Arundo donax composition, vegetation height range from plants to 100cm; the cover 14 by the pebbles and bark soil composition; the planting soil thickness of 15 to 60cm, planting soil were 15 by the average particle size nutrition soil and sand Shuo composition of 20mm; the thickness of the sand filter layer 16 is 5cm, diameter sand filter layer 16 component is 0.5mm, sand filter layer 16 sand content of 85% and the balance clay; the filler layer 17 or by a cinder gravel composition, thickness of the filler layer is 40cm, diameter of the filler layer 8cm, the filler layer permeability coefficient of not less than 17 10-5m / s; the electrochemical reaction cell 8 glass steel, in a reaction tank ends are provided with an anode and a cathode rod 7 rod 6, 1.0mA / cm2 direct current is applied between the anode and the cathode rod 7 rod 6 is formed a DC electric field, in the mud through the KCL solution as a conductive medium, sludge and charged particles are adsorbed to the anode and the cathode rod 7 rod 6 is moved; in the DC action, or adsorbed on the surface of the sludge water soluble contaminants according to their electric charge is different to different electrode direction, electrodialysis water way in the medium flow, contaminants in sludge was taken near the anode, it is generated at the anode H + binding contaminants to break the media during the move, which will dissolve into the medium Gan contaminants move sludge surface, by the action of the electrochemical kinetics of complex electrical and sludge in electric field of charged particles moving in the vicinity of the electrode enrichment or recycling collection; the adjustment of the reaction tank 9 glass steel structure, adjustment reaction long pool, the ratio between the width of 5: 1, 9, adjusting the reaction vessel is provided with a porous ceramic aeration device to adjust the reaction tank 9 provides nano-micro bubble 11, the aeration device comprises a porous ceramic feed pipe 21, the inlet valve 22, the compressed air bag 23, the outlet valve 24, 25 ceramic core aeration sand head 26, through the air intake pipe 21 is drawn into the compression balloon 23, the compressed gas through the outlet valve 24 is sprayed into the ceramic core 25, becomes 5μπι satisfied micron bubbles, satisfied micron bubbles through sand aeration head 26 into the reaction cell regulator, adjust the reaction pool COD removal of 73%, BOD removal rate was 65%, clear 22% silt.

[0028]作为优选,本实施例中池体3为钢砼结构或玻璃钢结构,格栅2倾斜设置在池体3中,所述倾斜角α为70°。 [0028] Advantageously, the cell body of the present embodiment 3 as glass or steel reinforced concrete structure, the grid 2 inclined cell body 3, the inclination angle α is 70 °.

[0029]为满足排水的需要,本实施例中穿孔排水管18的管径为DN25,管材为PP材质,溢流管19的管径为DN25。 [0029] To meet the needs of draining, the present embodiment the perforation 18 is a DN25 drain pipe diameter, the pipe is PP material, the diameter of the overflow pipe 19 is DN25.

[0030]本实施例中该系统还包括道路中心线31,在道路中心线31两侧对称设有车行道32、雨水管28、绿化带30和人行道29,在绿化带30和人行道29上均设有雨水口27,本实施例中道路的坡度为1.5%。 [0030] The present embodiment, the system also includes 31 road centerline, the centerline of the road on both sides with a symmetrical 31 32 roadway, rainwater pipes 28, 30 and sidewalk green belt 29, 30 and 29 in the green belt are sidewalk has 27 gullies, road gradient embodiment of the present embodiment is 1.5%.

[0031 ]作为更进一步优选,在本实施例中调节反应池中设有两套套微孔陶瓷曝气装置11,增加处理效果。 [0031] As a further preferable, in the present embodiment has two sets of adjusting the reaction cell porous ceramic aeration device 11, to increase the treatment effect.

[0032]为满足实际需要,人工湿地处理系统增设为两级或者更多级。 [0032] In order to meet the actual needs, artificial wetland treatment system for the addition of two or more stages.

[0033]以上所述的实施例只是本发明的较佳的方案,并非对本发明作任何形式上的限制,在不超出权利要求所述的技术方案的前提下还有其它的变体及改型。 [0033] is the preferred embodiment of the invention, the present invention is not to make any formal restrictions described above embodiments, without departing claimed technical solution there are other variants and modifications . 任何本领域的技术人员能思之的变化,都应落在保护范围内。 Change any person skilled in the art can think of, should fall within the scope of protection.

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Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalC02F9/14
Clasificación cooperativaC02F1/461, C02F3/327, C02F9/00, C02F2301/08, C02F2103/001, C02F1/001
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
25 May 2016C06Publication
22 Jun 2016C10Entry into substantive examination