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Número de publicaciónCN1063624 C
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Número de solicitudCN 94104951
Fecha de publicación28 Mar 2001
Fecha de presentación14 Abr 1994
Fecha de prioridad14 Abr 1994
También publicado comoCN1110121A, WO1995028128A1
Número de publicación94104951.5, CN 1063624 C, CN 1063624C, CN 94104951, CN-C-1063624, CN1063624 C, CN1063624C, CN94104951, CN94104951.5
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  SIPO, Espacenet
Cardioelectric monitoring, transmission and fully-automatic analysis system
CN 1063624 C
Resumen  traducido del chino
一种心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,包括:心电监测装置,用于对人体心脏电信号进行跟踪监测和记录,异常判别和报警;心电传输装置,用于将心电监测装置记录的信号传给心电分析装置;心电分析装置,用于对接收到的信号进行进一步的处理和分析,其中所述心电监测装置和心电分析装置均包括一个低通与50Hz带阻合二为一的滤波器。 A cardiac electrical monitoring, transmission and automatic analysis system, including: ECG monitoring device for tracking human heart monitor and record electrical signals, abnormal identification and alarm; ECG transmission device for ECG monitoring device signal to the recording of ECG analysis means; ECG analysis means, the received signal for further processing and analysis, wherein the ECG monitoring device and the ECG analysis means comprises a low-pass and band reject 50Hz into one of the filter. 利用本发明可随时捕促病人心脏病发作时的心电图,并可在任向需要时进行ECG回放。 With the present invention can always catch promote patient electrocardiogram during a heart attack, and can be played back in the ECG when he was in need.
Reclamaciones(33)  traducido del chino
1. 1. 一种心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,包括:心电监测装置(1)、心电传输装置(2)和心电分析装置(3);其中,心电监测装置(1)用于对人体心脏电信号进行跟踪监测,实时记录,异常判别和报警;心电传输装置(2)用于将心电监测装置(1)记录的信号传给心电分析装置(3);心电分析装置(3)用于对接收到的信号进行进一步的处理和分析,并给出有关心电参数变化趋势的直方图、心律失常分析报告和HR-PR-ST-T分析报告,该系统进一步的特征在于:所述心电监测装置(1)和心电分析装置(3)均包括一个低通与50Hz带阻合二为一的滤波器,其特征函数为:|H(ejω)|=[-cos3ω+2cos2ω+5cosω+2]/8y(n)=[-x(n)+2x(n-1)+5x(n-2)+4x(n-3)+5x(n-4)+2x(n-5)-x(n-6)]/16其中,fs=200Hz,-3dB点为28Hz,-20dB阻带为47~53Hz。 A cardiac electrical monitoring, transmission and automatic analysis system, including: ECG monitoring device (1), ECG transmission device (2) and ECG analysis device (3); where ECG monitoring device (1) for signals for tracking and monitoring the human heart, real-time recording, exception identification and alarm; ECG transmission device (2) for ECG monitoring device (1) analysis of ECG signals to the recording device (3); ECG analysis means (3) for the received signal for further processing and analysis, and there is concern given electrical parameter histograms trends, arrhythmia analysis and HR-PR-ST-T analysis, the system further wherein: the ECG monitoring device (1) and ECG analysis means (3) comprises a low-pass and band reject 50Hz combined filter, wherein the function is: | H (ejω) | = [ -cos3ω + 2cos2ω + 5cosω + 2] / 8y (n) = [- x (n) + 2x (n-1) + 5x (n-2) + 4x (n-3) + 5x (n-4) + 2x ( n-5) -x (n-6)] / 16 where, fs = 200Hz, -3dB point of 28Hz, -20dB stop band of 47 ~ 53Hz.
2. 2. 根据权利要求1的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电监测装置(1)包括至少3个心电传感电极。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 1, characterized in that: the ECG monitoring device (1) comprises at least three ECG sensing electrodes.
3. 3. 根据权利要求1的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电监测装置(1)和心电分析装置(3)均包括一个QRS波群检测装置,该装置的函数为:|H(ejω)|=8sin52ω·cosω·cosω2]]>y(n)=|△1+△2+△3+△4|/4△K=x(n+k)-x(nk)(k=1,2,3,4) According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 1, wherein: said ECG monitoring means (1) and ECG analysis means (3) comprises a QRS complex detector means, the function of the apparatus as: | H (ej & omega;) | = 8sin52 & omega; & CenterDot; cos & omega; & CenterDot; cos & omega; 2]]> y (n) = | △ 1 + △ 2 + △ 3 + △ 4 | / 4 △ K = x (n + k) -x (nk) (k = 1,2,3,4)
4. 4. 根据权利要求1的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电监测装置(1)和心电分析装置(3)均包括一个P波检测装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 1, wherein: said ECG monitoring means (1) and ECG analysis means (3) comprises a P-wave detection device.
5. 5. 根据权利要求1的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电监测装置(1)和心电分析装置(3)均包括一个ST段分析装置和T波分析装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 1, wherein: said ECG monitoring means (1) and ECG analysis means (3) comprises an ST segment and T wave analyzing apparatus analyzing means.
6. 6. 根据权利要求1的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电监测装置(1)包括一个异常心拍判别装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 1, characterized in that: the ECG monitoring device (1) comprises a heart beat abnormality judgment means.
7. 7. 根据权利要求6的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:其中所述异常心拍判别装置进一步包括一个异常RR间期判别装置。 According to ECG monitoring, transmission and automatic analysis system according to claim 6, wherein: in which the abnormal heart beat discriminating apparatus further includes an abnormal RR interval judgment means.
8. 8. 根据权利要求6的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:其中所述异常心拍判别装置进一步包括一个异常QRS宽度判别装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 6, wherein: wherein said abnormal heart beat discriminating means further comprises an abnormal QRS width discriminating means.
9. 9. 根据权利要求6的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:其中所述异常心拍判别装置进一步包括异常ST段判别装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 6, wherein: wherein said abnormality discriminating means further comprises a heart beat ST segment abnormality judgment means.
10. 10. 根据权利要求6的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:其中所述异常心拍判别装置进一步包括异常T波判别装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 6, wherein: wherein said abnormality discriminating means further comprises a heart beat T-wave abnormality judgment means.
11. 11. 根据权利要求6的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述异常心拍判别装置进一步包括一个P波异常判别装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, transmission and automatic analysis system 6, characterized in that: the abnormal heart beat discriminating apparatus further includes a P-wave abnormality judgment means.
12. 12. 根据权利要求1的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电监测装置(1)进一步包括根据所述异常判别的结果进行报警的装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 1, characterized in that: the ECG monitoring device (1) further comprises an alarm based on the result of the abnormality determination means.
13. 13. 根据权利要求12的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述报警装置包括一个红绿指示灯。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 12, wherein: said alarm means comprises a red and green lights.
14. 14. 根据权利要求12或13的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述报警装置包括一个蜂鸣器。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system as claimed in claim 12 or 13, wherein: said alarm means comprises a buzzer.
15. 15. 根据权利要求1-12中任一个的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电监测装置(1)在外形上制作成一个带坠的项链,其中所述心电极为3个,以一定的间距安置在项链上,当该装置佩戴于胸前时,心电极在胸部的位置符合国际上公认的ECG标准导联。 1-12 according to any one of ECG monitoring, transmission and automatic analysis system claims, wherein: the ECG monitoring device (1) made into a necklace with a pendant in the shape, in which the center electrode for three, to a certain pitch placed on the necklace, when the device is worn on the chest, the heart of the electrodes in the chest position internationally recognized standard ECG leads accord.
16. 16. 根据权利要求1的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电监测装置(1)进一步包括一个红外发射器,所述心电传输装置(2)包括一个红外接收器。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 1, characterized in that: the ECG monitoring device (1) further comprises an infrared emitter, the ECG transmission means (2) includes an infrared receiver .
17. 17. 根据权利要求16的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电传输装置(2)进一步包括一个数传机,其通过与公用电话网相连,可以将来自心电监测装置(1)的信号传给远程的心电分析装置(3)。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 16, wherein: the ECG transmission means (2) further comprises a data transmission unit, which is connected through a public telephone network, can be derived from ECG monitoring means (1) a signal to the remote ECG analysis means (3).
18. 18. 根据权利要求16的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电传输装置(2)进一步包括一个无线电发射机,所述心电分析装置(3)包括一个无线电接收机。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 16, wherein: the ECG transmission means (2) further comprises a radio transmitter, the ECG analysis means (3) includes a radio receiver .
19. 19. 根据权利要求1的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电分析装置(3)包括一个心律失常判别装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 1, characterized in that: said ECG analysis means (3) comprises an arrhythmia judging means.
20. 20. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心律失常判别装置包括一个停搏判别装置和一个漏搏判别装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 19, wherein: said discriminating means comprises an arrhythmia asystole stroke discriminating means, and a leak judgment means.
21. Twenty one. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心律失常判别装置包括一个心动过速判别装置和一个心动过缓判别装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 19, wherein: said discriminating means comprises a tachycardia arrhythmia discrimination means and a discrimination means bradycardia.
22. Twenty two. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心律失常判别装置包括一个早搏判别装置,其进一步包括:室性早搏判别装置、房性早搏判别装置,交界性早搏判别装置、插入性早搏判别装置、成对室性早搏判别装置和频发室性早搏判别装置。 According to ECG monitoring, transmission and automatic analysis system of claim 19, wherein: said arrhythmia discrimination apparatus comprises a premature judgment means further comprising: discrimination means premature ventricular contractions, atrial premature judgment means, borderline premature judgment means premature insert discrimination means discrimination means paired premature ventricular contractions and frequent premature ventricular contractions judgment means.
23. Twenty three. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心律失常判别装置进一步包括室性心动过速判别装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 19, wherein: said discriminating means further comprises arrhythmia ventricular tachycardia discrimination means.
24. Twenty four. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心律失常判别装置进一步包括室性二联律判别装置和室性三联律判别装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 19, wherein: said discriminating means further comprises a chamber arrhythmia bigeminy discriminating means and discriminating means ventricular triple law.
25. 25. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心律失常判别装置进一步包括RonT判别装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 19, wherein: said discriminating means further comprises RonT arrhythmia discrimination means.
26. 26. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心律失常判别装置进一步包括室颤判别装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 19, wherein: said discriminating means further comprises arrhythmia ventricular fibrillation discrimination means.
27. 27. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心律失常判别装置进一步包括噪声判别装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 19, wherein: said arrhythmia discrimination means further comprises a noise discrimination means.
28. 28. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电分析装置(3)进一步包括根据所述心律失常判别的结果打印出心律失常分析报告的装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 19, wherein: said ECG analysis means (3) further comprises a print-out means arrhythmia analysis report based on the result of the discrimination of arrhythmia.
29. 29. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电分析装置(3)进一步包括根据所述心律失常判别的结果,给出HR-PR-ST-T分析报告的装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 19, wherein: said ECG analysis means (3) further comprises determining based on the result of the arrhythmia is given HR-PR-ST-T analysis means report.
30. 30. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电分析装置(3)进一步包括分别给出HR直方图、QRS直方图、PR直方图、ST段直方图、T波直方图的装置。 According ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system of claim 19, wherein: said ECG analysis means (3) further comprises a histogram are given HR, QRS histogram, PR histogram, ST segment histogram , T wave histogram means.
31. 31. 根据权利要求19的心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统,其特征在于:所述心电分析装置(3)进一步包括打印出标准心电图曲线的装置。 Claim ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system 19, wherein: said ECG analysis means (3) further comprises means to print out the standard ECG curve.
32. 32. 一种个人佩戴式心电监测、记录和报警装置,包括心电极、放大器、滤波器、单片微机、存储器和指示器,其特征在于:进一步包括一个低通与50Hz常阻合二为一的滤波器,该滤波器的函数为:|H(ejω)|[-cos3ω+2cosω+5cosω+2]/8y(n)=[-x(n)+2x(n-1)+5x(n-2)+4x(n-3)+5x(n-4)+2x(n-5)-x(n-6)]/16 A personal wearable ECG monitoring, recording and alarm devices, including heart electrodes, amplifiers, filters, single-chip microprocessor, memory, and an indicator, characterized by: further comprising a low-pass and 50Hz often combined resistance of filter, the filter function is: | H (ejω) | [-cos3ω + 2cosω + 5cosω + 2] / 8y (n) = [- x (n) + 2x (n-1) + 5x (n- 2) + 4x (n-3) + 5x (n-4) + 2x (n-5) -x (n-6)] / 16
33. 33. 根据权利要求32的装置,其特征在于:进一步包括一个QRS波群检测装置,其函数为:y(n)=|△1+△2+△3+△4|/4△k=x(n+k)-x(nk),(k=1,2,3,4)|H(ejω)|=8sin52ω·cosω·cosω2]]> The apparatus according to claim 32, characterized in that: further comprising a QRS complex detection device, which functions as: y (n) = | △ 1 + △ 2 + △ 3 + △ 4 | / 4 △ k = x (n + k) -x (nk), (k = 1,2,3,4) | H (ej & omega;) | = 8sin52 & omega; & CenterDot; cos & omega; & CenterDot; cos & omega; 2]]>
Descripción  traducido del chino
心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统 ECG monitoring, transmission and automatic analysis system

本发明涉及一种心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统及其方法,更具体地涉及一种适用于佩带的超小型心脏保护系统,及实施该系统的方法。 The present invention relates to an ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis systems and methods, and more particularly, to a subminiature suitable for wearing heart protection system, method and implementing the system.

世界上有各式各样的病魔杀手威胁着人类生存。 There are a wide range of disease killer threatens the survival of mankind in the world. 其中心血管病魔,就是穷凶极恶的第一杀手。 Where cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of atrocious.

世界卫生组织(WHO)于1992年4月7日公布:世界上每年有1200万人死于心血管病,占人类死亡人数的1/4。 World Health Organization (WHO) on April 7, 1992 announced: the world's 12 million people die of cardiovascular disease, accounting for a quarter of the human deaths annually. WHO称心血管病为“世界公众健康的头号敌人”,并将这一天一世界卫生日的主题定为心脏健康,预防心血管病。 Heart disease WHO as "the world's public health enemy number one" and the theme for World Health Day Tianyi as heart health, the prevention of cardiovascular disease. 口号是:“心搏-健康的节律”。 Slogan is: "heartbeat - healthy rhythm."

我国的有关资料表明,我国每年因心血管病丧生的人数占总死亡人数的50%以上。 Our data indicate that the annual number of deaths due to cardiovascular disease in more than 50% of the total deaths. 中国医学科学院的最新公布的数字是,每年我国冠心病患者为9000万人,其中有300万人死于该病的“心肌梗塞”或“心脏性猝死”。 The latest figures released by the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences is the country every year for 90 million people with coronary heart disease, which has 300 million people died of the disease, "myocardial infarction" or "sudden cardiac death."

面对人类第一杀手,在科学昌盛的今天尤其是当今治疗心血管病药的发明处于爆炸时代,通常很少有救不活的心血管病人。 Faced with the first human killer, in science, especially in today's prosperity today the treatment of cardiovascular disease in the explosion of drug invention, there are few cardiovascular patients usually can not be saved alive. 而心电图(ECG)则是早已为国际公认的诊断心脏病,尤其是冠心病的重要指标之一。 The electrocardiogram (ECG) is already internationally recognized for diagnosis of heart disease, one of the important indicators, particularly coronary heart disease.

心血管病人的死亡常常缘于被误诊,因为病人在早期有冠状动脉缺血时发生胸闷,心前区不适或心绞痛时的心电图未被及时记录下来,医生难给病人戴“冠心病”的帽子,无预防的准备。 Deaths due to cardiovascular patients are often misdiagnosed because the patient has chest occurs in early coronary ischemia, angina precordial discomfort or electrocardiographic not timely recorded, doctors give patients wearing hard "coronary heart disease" hat No preventive preparation. 另一个原因常常是在发病时,病人在医院以外的地方,不可能及时赶到医院,仅仅向医生口述病情,医生还难以给出准确的处置方法。 Another reason is often at the onset, the patient places outside the hospital, can not get to the hospital, only to doctors oral disease, doctors also difficult to give an accurate method of disposal.

已有的心电图机体积大,不便于携带,安置电极多达10个之多,操作复杂。 Existing ECG machine bulky, not easy to carry, up to 10 electrodes placed much complicated to operate. 而早期冠心病患者心律失常和ST-T改变多是短暂的,数分钟而已。 The early coronary artery disease in patients with arrhythmia and ST-T changes are mostly short, just a few minutes. 用普通心电图机捕捉一过性的的心律失常或PR-QRS-ST-T改变是很难做到的。 ECG machine with ordinary capture transient arrhythmias or PR-QRS-ST-T changes are difficult to achieve.

已有的动态心电图机(Holter)虽然能存贮24小时心电信号,但记录器体积大、较重,价格昂贵,无法作为个人保健用品,只能作为医院诊断工具。 Existing dynamic ECG (Holter), although capable of storing 24 hours of ECG, but the record is bulky, heavy, expensive, can not be used as personal care products, only diagnostic tool as a hospital. 病人偶尔佩带24小时,也未必能捕捉到发病时的信号,因为早期冠心病患者的心律失常或PR-QRS-ST-T改变并非每天都会发生。 Patients occasionally wear 24 hours, it may not be able to capture the signal onset, as arrhythmias or PR-QRS-ST-T changes in patients with early coronary heart disease is not an everyday occurrence.

近年来,人们也不断地开发出一些能够随身携带的小型心电监护器,有的体积如32开纸大小,但或无存贮功能或无诊断报警功能,更非智能化,只能在液晶显示器上显示心电图而已,在功能远远达不到实际应用的要求。 In recent years, it has also been able to develop some small portable ECG device, some 32 open volume such as paper size, but with or without storage function or diagnostic alarm function, more non-intelligent, only in liquid crystal ECG on the display only, the function is far less than the actual application requirements. 非医务工作者,不懂心电图的人是不会根据监护器的测试结果了解自己的心脏情况的。 Non-medical workers, who do not understand the ECG is not aware of their heart condition monitoring device according to the test results. 更无法不去医院就将心电信号传送给不同医院的医生进行会诊。 But can not go to the hospital ECG will be sent to different doctors for consultation.

有的便携式心电图机只能对心动过速或心动过缓报警,而不能对波形变化报警。 Some portable ECG machine only for tachycardia or bradycardia alarm, but not alarm on the waveform changes.

在实际的临床现象中,心电图异常不仅仅是心率异常,还有PR-QRS-ST-T改变,千变万化,所对应的心脏病病名也截然不同。 In actual clinical phenomenon, not just abnormal electrocardiogram abnormal heart rhythms, as well as PR-QRS-ST-T changes in the ever-changing, heart disease name corresponding to totally different. 因此必须使机器智能化,即使如此还要依靠医生的确认。 Therefore, the machine must be intelligent, even so must rely on the doctor's confirmation. 不同心脏病以及同一心脏病的不同心电图表现应给药物也截然不同。 Different ECG heart disease and various heart diseases should be given the same drugs are also different. 所以这类发明应科学认真对待。 So this kind of scientific invention should be taken seriously. 但目前有一些心电监护仪器,甚至冠以全自动心脏监护急救仪的名称,却是仅凭心率是否大于180次/分或小于50次/分,并无心电图显示的情况下就报警或给病人进行电起搏,并“自动”给病人弹出药盒。 But there are some ECG monitoring equipment, and even dubbed automatic emergency cardiac care instrument name, but it is the case of the heart rate alone is greater than 180 beats / min or less than 50 beats / min, no electrocardiogram displayed on an alarm or to patient pacing and "automatic" pop-up kits to patients. 这是极其危险的,甚至可能使病人致死。 This is extremely dangerous and may even patient death.

心电图平板运动实验或踏车心电图实验或潘生丁心电实验乃是采用诱发方式使病态心电图暴露出来的方法。 ECG treadmill exercise test or treadmill test or electrocardiogram ECG test dipyridamole-induced manner but using ECG exposed morbid way. 这对病人有一定的危险性。 This patient has a certain degree of risk. 较重病人属禁忌者。 Heavier patient who is contraindicated.

有的便携式心电图机虽然小但它的电极位置不符合国际公认的使三个电极的设置范围(两个探测电极,一个参考电极)应大于心脏范围的规定,或者有的便携式心电图机仅用两个电极,与国际公认的心电导联标准完全不符。 Although some small portable ECG electrode position but it does not comply with internationally recognized set range of the three electrodes (two detection electrodes, a reference electrode) should be greater than the specified range of the heart, or some portable ECG machine just two electrodes, and the internationally recognized standard ECG is completely incompatible. 这样描记出的心电图与国际公认的心电图中相同导联引导的图形不一致,诊断当然也就是错误的。 Such an ECG tracings and internationally recognized lead electrocardiogram same inconsistencies associated graphical boot, diagnostic course, is wrong.

本发明的目的是提供一种心电监测、传输和全自动分析系统及其方法,它使佩带本发明的超小型心脏保护仪器的患者,能够随时通过个人佩戴装置记录和存储心电图(ECG),使得患者随时捕捉异常心电信号成为可能。 Object of the present invention is to provide an ECG monitoring, automatic transmission and analysis system and method, which allows the wearer subminiature cardioprotective apparatus of the present invention, a patient, can be worn at any time by a personal storage device for recording and electrocardiogram (ECG), allows patients to capture abnormal ECG possible. 该装置还对心电信号自动地进行实时分析,初步判断佩带者的心电图是否正常,为患者提供需否就医的初步建议。 The device also automatically performs real-time ECG analysis, preliminary judgment wearer's ECG is normal, if they need medical treatment to provide preliminary recommendations for patients.

本发明的目的进一步在于,提供一种智能化的佩带式超小型心脏保护系统及其方法,其中由个人佩带装置所采集和存储的心电信号,能够通过红外线传输到心电图自动分析装置,自动地得到分析,除了打印出心电图之外,还能够提供出无专业知识的普通人也能看懂的病情分析报告。 The present invention further to provide an intelligent wearable subminiature heart protection system and method in which the individual wearing the ECG acquisition and storage device, capable of infrared transmission to automatic analysis of ECG device automatically be analyzed, in addition to print out the ECG, but also be able to provide the expertise without ordinary people can understand the condition of the analysis report.

本发明的目的还在于,提供一种佩带式超小型心脏保护系统及其方法,它能够通过有线或无线电话通道、寻呼机网络等通讯网络,将个人佩带装置所采集和存储的心电信号传送到远程的(比如医院的)心电分析终端,从而实现患者与医生、医生与医生之间的远程心电图传送,最大限度地为患者提供及时的监护与治疗。 The purpose of this invention is to provide an ultra-compact wearable cardiac protection system and method that can channel through a wired or wireless telephone, pager networks and other communications networks, personal wearable device acquisition and storage of ECG transmitted to remote (such as hospitals) ECG analysis terminal, enabling remote ECG transfer patients and doctors, between doctors and physicians to maximize patient care and provide timely treatment.

本发明的目的还在于,提供一种能够由患者随身佩带的超小型心脏保护器,它使患者能够在不需要医护人员寻找、安装电极的情况下,以国际标准Ⅱ导联连接电极,随时记录符合心电导联国际标准的心电图。 The purpose of the present invention is to provide a way to ultra-small heart protection be worn by the patient, which the patient does not need to be able to find in health care, in the case of mounting electrodes to international standards Ⅱ leads connecting the electrodes, keep records in line with international standards ECG electrocardiogram.

本发明的目的更进一步在于,提供一种能够由患者随身佩带的超小型心脏保护器,它的耗电量被降至最低,其电池充电之后使用时间在500小时以上。 Still further object of the present invention is to provide a device capable of subminiature cardioprotective be worn by the patient, its power consumption is minimized, after which the use of the battery charging time in more than 500 hours.

根据本发明的一个方面,所述的心脏保护系统基本上由个人佩带装置部分、心电信号传输装置部分和心电信号自动分析装置部分组成。 According to one aspect of the invention, the cardiac protection system consists essentially of individuals wearing device section, composed of the ECG signal transmission means portion and ECG automatic analyzer section. 其中,本发明的个人佩带装置部分在商业上的名称为“心脏保护神”,它在外形上制成为与普通项链相似,在项链上以一定的距离设有三个电极,使其能够以标准Ⅱ导联的国际标准心电导联连接人体进行测量。 Among them, the individual wearing the device of this invention is the commercial name for the "heart protection of God," which is similar in shape and made into ordinary necklace, necklace on a certain distance with three electrodes, to enable them to standard Ⅱ International Standard heart leads are connected body conductance measurements. 此外,该部分还包括心电信号放大器,用于放大电极采集的心电信号、一个单片机,用于存储所采集的心电信号,并对其进行初步分析和处理、以及一个检测结果显示装置,它由作为指示灯的颜色不同的发光二极管和/或作为警示器的蜂鸣器组成,用以根据微机对心电信号分析处理的结果,点亮特定颜色的指示灯和/或使蜂鸣器发出特定频率的声音信号,向佩带者作出警示和报告,而这些部件都集中装设在一个类似于项链坠的装饰物外壳之中。 In addition, this section also includes ECG amplifier for amplifying ECG electrodes acquisition, a microcontroller is used to store the ECG signal acquisition, and its preliminary analysis and processing, and test results of a display device, It consists of a different color LED light-emitting diodes and / or as a reminder that the composition of the buzzer for the results based on computer analysis of ECG processing a specific color indicator lights, and / or the buzzer issue a specific frequency sound signals, to alert and report to the wearer, and these components are installed in a similar concentrated pendant ornament housing being. 患者可以随身佩带这种特殊的“项链”,在需要时随时记录心电信号,并通过饰物中的蜂鸣器发出的声音和/或饰物上的指示器了解当前自己心脏的状态,从而为自己的心脏提供最及时的保护。 Patients can be worn this special "necklace" in the need to keep records of ECG, indicator and sound through the buzzer accessories and / or accessories on the understanding of the current state of his heart, so as to themselves Heart to provide the most timely protection. 这种个人佩带装置部分,还可以包含一个红外发射器,也将其装入到项链坠装饰外壳之内,用于在需要时,向一个心电图自动分析装置部分传送其采集和存储的心电图进行ECG回放,以便对心电信号进行更加细致和全面的分析处理,得到详尽的检测和诊断报告。 This part of the individual wearing the device, you can also include an infrared transmitter, it will load it into the inside of the shell pendant decorated for when you need to transfer a part of its automated analyzer ECG acquisition and storage of ECG ECG playback in order to carry out a more detailed ECG and comprehensive analysis, to give a detailed report on the detection and diagnosis. 本发明系统中的心电图自动分析装置部分由一个个人计算机PC构成,用于对心电信号进行分析和诊断,打出一份有关ECG各项特征参数的分析结果和描绘在国际公认的心电图坐标纸(横座标为40mS/mm,纵座标为1mV/1cm)上的ECG曲线,为医生的诊断提供真实可靠的病情分析报告,从而使病人可以得到最佳的处置指导。 The present system of automatic ECG analysis device in part by a personal computer PC, and is used for ECG analysis and diagnosis, play a relevant ECG characteristic parameters of the analysis results and depict the internationally recognized ECG graph paper ( abscissa of 40mS / mm, a vertical axis 1mV / 1cm) ECG curve, providing true and reliable condition analysis report for the doctor's diagnosis, so that the patient can get the best disposal guidance. 而本发明系统中的心电信号传输装置部分,可以相应地包括一个红外接收器,与心电图自动分析装置相连接,比如与个人计算机的RS-232口相连接,用以接收由个人佩带装置的红外线发射器送出的信号,并将其送给计算机进行分析和处理。 The present system of ECG transmission device section, may accordingly include an infrared receiver is connected to the automatic analysis of ECG devices, such as a personal computer connected to the RS-232 port for receiving device worn by the individual infrared transmitter sends a signal and sent to a computer for analysis and processing.

根据本发明的另一个方面,所述的佩戴式超小型心脏保护系统包括个人佩戴装置、心电图自动分析装置,以及心电信号传送装置,其中传送装置包括红外接收器,其与电话机相连接,利用数传机通过有线或无线电话线路,将其所接收到的由个人佩戴装置所发送出的心电信号传输到远程的心电图自动分析装置之中。 According to another aspect of the invention, the wearable subminiature cardiac protection system comprises a personal wearable device, means, and transfer means electrocardiogram ECG automatic analysis, wherein the transfer means comprises an infrared receiver, which is connected to the telephone, use of data transmission via a wired or wireless telephone line, it will be received by the individual wearing the device is transmitted to the remote transmission of ECG electrocardiogram automatic analyzer the units.

根据本发明的进一步的方面,所述的佩戴式超小型心脏保护系统包括个人佩戴装置、心电图自动分析装置,以及心电信号传送装置,其中心电图自动分析装置还进一步包括一个用以接收心电信号的无线电接收机,一个与无线电接收机相连接的个人计算机PC,用于对所接收到的心电信号进行分析和诊断;而心电信号传送装置则进一步包括一个红外接收器,用以接收由个人佩戴装置发送出的心电信号,一个无线电发射机,用于发射其所接收的心电信号,以供远程心电图自动分析装置的无线电接收机加以接收。 According to a further aspect of the invention, the wearable subminiature cardiac protection system comprises a personal wearable device, automatic ECG analysis means, and transmitting means ECG, electrocardiogram wherein the automatic analyzer further comprises means for receiving an ECG signal radio receiver, a radio receiver connected to a personal computer PC, for the received ECG analysis and diagnosis; and the ECG transmission device further includes an infrared receiver for receiving the personal wearable device sends out the ECG, a radio transmitter for transmitting the ECG signal it receives for the radio receiver remote ECG device to receive automatic analysis.

如前所述,本发明的心脏保护系统中的个人佩戴装置部分在外形上与普通项链相类似,其项链上以与心电Ⅱ导联位置相近的位置设有三个电极,项链坠则是由一装饰性外壳中装有心电信号采集系统和电脑的芯片和电路组成的。 As mentioned earlier, heart protection system of the present invention of the personal part worn device similar in appearance to the common necklace with its necklace with the ECG lead Ⅱ position similar position with three electrodes, pendant is made a decorative housing ECG acquisition system and is equipped with a computer chip and the circuit composed. 使用者在感心前区疼痛或心悸或胸闷时,把所戴的项链式的个人佩戴装置的Ⅱ导联电极接上,打开项链坠上的开关,心电信号便被该装置采集并存储进去。 When the user palpitations or chest pain or heart before the flu, the necklace worn by individuals wearing Ⅱ lead electrode device connected, turn on the switch on the pendant, ECG will be collected and stored into the device. 经它自动分析,如是冠心病,恶性心律失常,则其指示灯发出特定颜色(如红色)的光加以指示和/或蜂鸣器发出例如等间隔的“BB”之声,催促病人去检查。 It automatically analyzes by, in the case of coronary heart disease, malignant arrhythmias, its lights emit a particular color (such as red) light is indicated and / or buzzer, for example, such as "BB" Voice of the interval, urging patients to check. 若是健康人,心电图基本正常,则绿色指示灯点亮和/或蜂鸣器发出例如音符“1-2-3-4-5-6-7-i”的悦耳声音。 If healthy, normal ECG, the green LED is lit and / or buzzer such as the notes "1-2-3-4-5-6-7-i" the sweet sound. 这个智能化的佩戴装置,能够初步判断病人心电图是否正常。 This intelligent wearable device that can determine the initial patient ECG is normal. 据本发明申请人所知,尚未见世界上有同类产品。 According to the applicant's knowledge of the present invention, there is yet to see similar products in the world. 当病人想看看自己发病时的心电图到底是什么样时,可把个人佩戴装置从脖子上摘下来,交给医生或有关服务人员,只要在有效距离内按动个人佩戴装置的开关,存储在其中的ECG信号即可通过红外线(或者可以采用直接连线传送的方法)传输到心电图自动分析器上,分析器完成分析处理之后自动在显示器上显示出病人发病时的心电图及其具有诊断价值的多种心电图参数趋势图。 When the patient would like to see themselves in the end when the disease electrocardiogram what, you can put a personal wearable device Congbozishang off, to the doctor or the service personnel, as long as the effective distance of the individual wearing the device by pressing the switch, stored in wherein the ECG signal can be transmitted via infrared (or may be transferred by the method of direct connection) to the ECG automatic analyzer, the analyzer after completion of analysis processing is automatically displayed on the display when the disease and the patient ECG diagnostic value of various ECG parameters trends. 需要时可以自动打印出报告或绘出ECG曲线。 When required reports can be automatically printed out or draw ECG curve.

根据本发明还可将个人佩带装置(项链)中存储的信号通过电话线、传真机、寻呼机网络、蜂窝电话网络向远方传送,实现病人与医生、医生与医生之间的心电图传送,为心脏病人和健康人提供及时的心脏保护,这使用户获得真正的安全感。 Signaling devices (necklace) can also be stored in the personal wear through telephone lines, fax, pager network, a cellular telephone network to transmit to the distance, the transfer of patients to achieve electrocardiogram and doctor, and the doctor, according to the present invention for heart disease provide timely and healthy heart protection, which allows the user to get a true sense of security. 1994年4月21日,本发明的系统在第二十二届日内瓦国际发明与新技术展览会上,获得了本次展览会的金奖和唯一最高奖-大奖。 April 21, 1994, the system of the present invention in the twenty-second of the Geneva International Invention and New Technology Exhibition, the exhibition received a gold medal and only the highest award - winning.

通过下面结合附图的详细说明,本发明上述的和其它的目的、特征和优点将会变得更加明显。 BRIEF from the following detailed description, the present invention described above and other objects, features and advantages will become more apparent. 在图中:图1为根据本发明的第一个技术方案的原理方框图;图2为根据本发明的第二个技术方案的原理方框图;图3为根据本发明的第三个技术方案的原理方框图;图4为根据本发明心脏保护系统中个人佩戴装置的一个实施例的电原理图;图5为根据本发明的心脏保护系统的信号传输装置的一个电原理图;图6为根据本发明心电脏保护系统的信号传输装置的另一方案的电原理图;图7-1和图7-2示出个人佩戴装置对心电信号进行分析记录的程序流程图;图8示出本发明心电脏保护系统的心电信号自动分析装置分析处理的主流程图;图9示出图8所示流程中的输入病人信息子程序的流程图;图10示出图8所示流程中的ECG信号分析处理的程序图;图11示出ECG信号分析处理程序中QRS波群检测的子程序图;图12示出图8所示流程中显示心律失常结果的子程序图;图13示出图12的子程序中病类判别的子程序图;图14示出图8所示流程中显示ST-T分析结果的子程序图;图15为本发明给出的一份心律失常分析报告的实例;图16为本发明给出的一份每拍心律的分析图实例;图17为本发明给出的一个HR-PR-ST-T分析报告实例;图18为本发明给出的一个HR直方图实例;图19为本发明给出的一个QRS持续时间直方图实例;图20为本发明给出的一个ST段直方图实例;图21为本发明给出的一个T波直方图实例;图22为本发明所记录的一个心电图实例;以及图23为本发明系统中个人佩带装置佩带时的示意图。 In the drawings: Figure 1 is a first aspect according to the principles of the present invention, a block diagram; Figure 2 is a schematic block diagram of a second aspect of the present invention; Figure 3 is a principle according to the third aspect of the present invention. a block diagram; Figure 4 is the heart of the protection system according to the invention in a schematic diagram of the individual wearing the device according to one embodiment; FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of an electric signal transmission apparatus cardiac protection system according to the invention; Figure 6 is in accordance with the present invention electrical schematic diagram of another embodiment of the ECG signal transmission device dirty protection system; Figure 7-1 and Figure 7-2 shows the individual wearing the device for recording ECG analysis program flowchart; Figure 8 shows the present invention ECG dirty main flowchart protection system automatic analyzer ECG analysis process; FIG. 9 shows a flowchart of the process input patient information subroutine shown in FIG. 8; FIG. 10 shows the flow shown in FIG. 8 ECG signal analysis processing procedure; Figure 11 shows an ECG signal analysis handler subroutine QRS complexes detected; Figure 12 shows a flowchart of the subroutine shown Arrhythmia results in Figure 8; Figure 13 shows FIG illness determination subroutine subroutine of Figure 12; Figure 14 shows a flow chart shown in ST-T analysis subroutine shown in FIG. 8; FIG. 15 the present invention, an arrhythmia analysis report given in Examples; 16 of the present invention are given an analysis showing an example of each beat rhythm; 17 of the present invention an HR-PR-ST-T analysis report gives examples; Figure 18 of the present invention are given a HR Examples histogram; 19 of the present invention gives a QRS duration histogram instance; 20 of the present invention an ST segment histogram example given; 21 examples of the present invention are given a T-wave histogram; Figure 22 examples of the present invention, an ECG recorded; and Figure 23 a schematic view of wear when the present invention system of personal wear means.

如图1-3所示,本发明的心脏保护系统基本由个人佩带装置1、信号传输装置2和心电图自动分析器3组成。 As shown in Figure 1-3, the heart of the present invention is basic protection system worn by the personal device 1, the signal transmitting apparatus 2 and the automatic analyzer 3 ECG composition. 参见图1,本发明的个人佩带装置包括由电极10和心电信号放大器11组成的心电信号采集器,由单片机芯片12构成的智能化分析处理器、蜂鸣器和/或指示灯13,以及红外发射器14。 Referring to Figure 1, the individual wearing the device of the present invention comprises an amplifier ECG electrodes 10 and 11 consisting of ECG acquisition, intelligent analysis processor 12 constituted by a single chip, the buzzer and / or lamp 13, and an infrared transmitter 14. 整个个人佩带装置在外型上做成一个带坠项链的形式,其中三个电极10按特定位置形成在项链上,使其自然位置大致按标准心电Ⅱ导联的结构位置分布,即使一个探测电极位于右锁骨中线和第二肋间交点处,另一探测电极位于左下胸部肋软骨缘之上方与左锁骨中线交点处,参考电极则设在右侧肋软骨缘之上方与右侧锁骨相交点处,参见图23所示的例子。 The entire device worn on the personal appearance made a necklace with a pendant in the form in which the three electrodes 10 are formed in a specific location on the necklace, so that the natural structure of the position location, generally in standard ECG leads Ⅱ distribution, even if a probe electrode Located right clavicular line and the second intercostal space at the intersection, another probe electrode located above the intersection of the center line and the left subclavian left costal margin of the chest, the reference electrode is located at the top right-hand edge of the cartilage at the point of intersection with the right subclavian See the example shown in FIG. 23. 这样,使得即使是不懂医学的人,也能在无需医护人员协助指导的情况下正确寻找导联位置并能准确安装。 This enables even people who do not understand medicine, but also to find the correct location of lead without the need of health care workers to help guide and can accurately install. 本发明心电导联符合国际认定的标准Ⅱ导导联这一前提,保证了本发明系统中所采集的心电图的标准性和正常性。 Standard Ⅱ lead ECG leads to the present invention in accordance with international recognized this premise to ensure that the system of the present invention is collected ECG standard and normal sex. 所得结果与国际公认的心电学结论有可比性。 The results obtained with the internationally recognized electrocardiology comparable conclusions. 当佩带这种装置(项链)的患者感到心脏不适或者在任何需要检测和记录ECG时,接上佩带在胸前的“项链”上的三个电极10,该装置即可采集电心信号。 When the patient wearing such a device (necklace) feel unwell or if any of the heart need to detect and record ECG, connected to three electrodes worn on the chest 10 "necklace" on the device to capture electrical cardiac signals. 这些电极10可以做成子母扣的形式,通过简单的压按即可接合;也可利用固态的导电胶来实现,这样在不记录时病人身上无需受电极束缚。 These electrodes 10 can be made in the form of snap button can be joined by simple compression press; may also be utilized to achieve a solid state conductive adhesive, so that when the patient is not recorded by the electrodes without bound. 心电放大器11将电极10所采集的心电信号进行放大,然后送至单片机12中进行分析和处理。 ECG amplifier 11 will be collected ECG electrode 10 is amplified and then sent to the microcontroller 12 for analysis and processing. 当单片机12判明所采集的心电信号为异常ECG时,通过向蜂鸣器13发出信号,使之发出例如“BB”的声音,向佩带者示警;如果心电信号正常,则使蜂鸣器13发出例如音乐之声。 When the microcontroller 12 ascertain ECG acquired abnormal ECG, by sending a signal to the buzzer 13, so that given such as "BB" the voice of warning to the wearer; if the ECG is normal, then the buzzer 13 issues such as the sound of music. 也可以采用指示灯的形式,当判明所采集的心电信号为异常ECG时,例如点亮红灯进行示警,而在ECG正常时,例如点亮绿灯。 You can also take the form of lights, when collected ascertain ECG abnormal ECG, such as points were red warning, while the ECG is normal, such as lights green.

在本发明的这一实施例中,个人佩带装置的单片机对异常心拍的判据是如此设定的:1. In this embodiment of the invention, the individual wearing the device microcontroller criterion abnormal heart beat is thus set: 1. 异常心拍判别:(1)ABRNUM:异常RR间期计数,判别条件为:RR>1175ms或RR<600ms即HR<51bpm或HR>100bpm(2)ABQRSN:异常QRS宽度计数,判别条件为QRS>120mS(3)ABSTNUM:异常ST段、T波计数,判别条件为:ST:J点电平≥M点电平≥END点电平T:T波<0或|T波幅度|<1/4|R波幅度|(4)ABPNUM异常P波计数,判别条件为:PR>200ms或PR<80ms2. Abnormal heart beat determine: (1) ABRNUM: abnormal RR interval count, determine conditions: RR> 1175ms or RR <600ms that HR <51bpm or HR> 100bpm (2) ABQRSN: abnormal QRS width count, determine conditions for QRS> 120mS (3) ABSTNUM: abnormal ST segment, T wave count, determine conditions: ST: J point level ≥M point level ≥END point level T: T-wave <0 or | T-wave amplitude | <1/4 | R-wave amplitude | (4) ABPNUM abnormal P wave count, determine conditions: PR> 200ms or PR <80ms2. 当下列条件之一成立时,驱动蜂鸣器发出“BB”声,否则发出音乐声:(1)ABRNUM>1/8(R波总数)(2)ABQPSN>3(3)ABSTNUM>9(4)ABPNUM>1/2(P波总数)图4示出个人佩戴装置的一个电连接实施例。 When the establishment of one of the following conditions, driving the buzzer "BB" sound, otherwise the issue of music: (1) ABRNUM> 1/8 (R total wave) (2) ABQPSN> 3 (3) ABSTNUM> 9 (4 ) ABPNUM> 1/2 (P-wave total) Figure 4 shows an individual wearing the device is connected electrically embodiment. 其中各连接脚为:PUM1=脉冲宽度调制输出P0.0…P0.7:P0口是8位漏双向I/O口,在访问外部存储器时,P0口作为低位地址/数据总线口,这时P0口用内部强拉高电位发送1P2.0…P2.7:P2口为准双向口,在访问外部存贮器时输出高8位地址WR外部数据存储器写选通信号输出线RD外部数据存储器读选通信号输出线XTAL1晶振输入端1XTAL2晶振输入端2ALE/PRDG地址锁存信号线,可直接访问CMOS外存储器RESET复位信号输入端参照图4,心电信号放大器输出心电信号通过单片机芯片的P5.0口送入以进行A/D转换,在信号由模拟量变为数字量之后,经过锁存器和256KRAM把数据存储起来。 Wherein each connection pin: PUM1 = pulse width modulated output P0.0 ... P0.7: P0 port is 8 drain bidirectional I / O port when accessing external memory, P0 port as the low-order address / data bus port, then P0 port to send 1P2.0 ... P2.7 pulled by strong internal potential: P2 mouth quasi-bidirectional port when accessing external memory output address high eight WR external data memory write strobe signal output line RD external data memory read strobe output line inputs 1XTAL2 XTAL1 crystal oscillator inputs 2ALE / PRDG address latch signal lines, direct access to external memory RESET CMOS reset signal input terminal 4, ECG ECG amplifier output by the microcontroller chip P5.0 port fed to the A / D conversion, after the signal from analog into digital, and 256KRAM through latches the data stored. 经过单片机处理之后,写入其中的只读存储器ROM之中,经过后面将要叙述的处理流程之后,依照前面提及的特定指标,对测量的各种指标作出判断,然后通过芯片的PUM1口,向蜂鸣器发出指令,当ECG正常时,使蜂鸣器发出例如乐音之声;而当异常ECG出现时,使蜂鸣器发出例如“BB”的报警声。 After microcontroller processing, which is written into the read-only memory ROM, to be described later after the processing, in accordance with the aforementioned specific indicators of various indicator measures the judgment, then the chip PUM1 mouth, to buzzer command, when ECG is normal, so that for example, the sound of the tone of the buzzer; occurs when abnormal ECG, for example, to make the buzzer "BB" sound the alarm. 在传输所存储的心电信号时,使开关SW1、SW2的1-3端相接触,接通电源,从TXD端发出脉冲,通过红外发射管发出占空比可变的红外线波形,以供信号传输装置的红外接收器接收。 When the stored ECG transmission, the switch SW1, 1-3 Duanxiang contact SW2, the power to issue a pulse from the TXD, issued by a variable duty cycle waveform infrared infrared emission control for signal IR receiver receives the transmission device. 红外接收器与心电图自动分析装置的中计算机RS232接口相连接,通过RS232接口指挥该ECG自动分析装置将其还原成数据,存储在其计算机的硬盘当中,以供进一步的分析和处理。 IR receiver with automatic ECG analysis computer device connected to the RS232 interface via RS232 interface command automatically analyze the ECG device to restore the data stored in their computer's hard drive which, for further analysis and processing.

图7-1和图7-2示出个人佩带装置中单片机对心电信号进行分析的程序流程图。 Figure 7-1 and Figure 7-2 shows a flow chart of the individual wearing the device microcontroller ECG analysis. 个人佩戴装置分析程序始于步骤S001。 Personal wearable device analysis program begins at step S001. 在步骤S002,对计数器T0、T1进行初始化,在步骤S003,串行输入输出(SIO)口初始化。 In step S002, the counter T0, T1 is initialized in step S003, the serial input output (SIO) port initialization. 步骤S004,判断是否PUM(参见图4中PUM1端口)输出。 Step S004, determines whether or PUM (see Figure PUM1 port 4) output. 若为是,程序进入步骤S012,进行PUM输出,将信号送至蜂鸣器,控制其发出特定声音,然后到步骤S013,切断电源。 If YES, the program proceeds to step S012, performed PUM output, sends a signal to the buzzer, that emits a specific sound control, and then to step S013, cut off the power. 若步骤S004判断为否,流程前进到步骤S005,判断是否要将心电信号在心电图自动分析装置中的读出装置上回放。 If the judgment is NO step S004, the flow advances to step S005, determine whether you want the ECG readout electrocardiogram automatic analyzer device playback. 若是,到步骤S006回放心电图,将心电信号传送给心电图自动分析装置,进行计算机分析,再进入步骤S013,切断电源;若为否,则进行到步骤S007,判断是否为RAM的串行口自检。 If so, the step S006 playback ECG, the ECG signal is transmitted to the automatic ECG analysis apparatus, computer analysis, and then proceeds to step S013, power off; if NO, proceeds to step S007, determines whether the serial port RAM since inspection. 自检的目的是对个人佩带装置的硬件连接装置的硬件连接状态进行检查,比如确定电极连接是否正确和确实。 The purpose of the self-test is a hardware device connected to the individual wearing the hardware device to check the connection status, such as determining the electrode is properly connected and indeed. 若步骤S007判定为是,流程在步骤S008对RAM的串行口同时进行自检,然后进到步骤S013,切断电源;若为否,流程进到步骤S009,进行RAM自检。 If in step S007 the determination is yes, the flow of RAM self-test of the serial port at the same time in step S008, and then proceeds to step S013, power off; if NO, the flow proceeds to step S009, RAM self-test performed. 在RAM自检中,如果发现电极未接触好或硬件有故障时,装置中的红灯点亮,或者使蜂鸣器发出某种约定的声音,提醒用户检查佩带装置的连接情况,重新进行电极连接和启动。 In the RAM self-test, if found electrodes are not in contact or hardware failure, device red light, or make some kind of agreement buzzer sounds to alert the user to check the connection to wear the device, re-electrode connection and start-up. 在RAM自检通过之后,即确定装置的连接及状态良好以后,进到步骤S010进行变量的初始化。 After RAM self-test passes, the state of the device to determine the connection and good after proceeds to step S010 to initialize variables. 然后装置在步骤S011进行自适应学习,比如利用6秒钟的时间,来学习装置佩带者正常窦性心律,作为后续对心电信号进行分析处理的基础。 Then, in step S011 device adaptive learning, such as the use of 6 seconds to learning device wearer normal sinus rhythm, as the basis for the subsequent analysis of the ECG signal processing.

继续参见图7-2,在步骤S014判断RAM是否已满。 Continuing to refer to Figure 7-2, in step S014 to determine RAM is full. 若已满,程序前进到步骤S015,显示判别结果置满标志,然后在步骤S022关断电源;若未满,程序在步骤S016进行心电图预处理,然后进行QRS波群检测(S017)、T波检测(S018)、ST段检测(S019)、P波检测(S020)。 If full, the program proceeds to step S015, the discrimination result is displayed full flag is set, then turn off the power at step S022; if not full, the program at step S016 ECG preprocessing, then the QRS complex detection (S017), T-wave detection (S018), ST segment detection (S019), P-wave detection (S020). 在步骤S022,依据前述的“单片机对异常心拍的判据”的设定值,来判别所检测出的各项参数是否正常,进而作出对心脏情况的判断,以供蜂鸣器发出有关正常的或不正常的警示之声,或由指示灯作出相应颜色的指示。 In step S022, based on the aforementioned "SCM abnormal heart beat criterion" setting value to determine the parameters of the detected is normal, and then make a judgment on the heart condition for normal buzzer related or unusual warning sound, or make the appropriate color are indicated by LEDs. 然后程序循环到步骤S014,判断RAM是否已满。 The program then loops to step S014, determines whether the RAM is full. 有关对ECG预处理、QRS波群检测、T波检测、ST段的检测,以及P波检测的子程序,可参见后续对心电图自动分析装置的计算机处理流程的有关说明。 Related to pretreatment ECG, QRS wave detection group, T-wave detection, detection of ST segment, as well as P-wave detection routines, instructions can be found in the subsequent processing of computer automated ECG analysis apparatus.

在本发明的第一种技术方案中,患者可以在需要的时候,将存有其心电信号的个人佩戴装置1送至医院,通过启动该装置中的红外发射器14,将ECG信号发送给心电信号自动分析装置。 In a first aspect of the present invention, the patient may be needed, to which there are individual wearing an ECG signal sent to the hospital apparatus, the apparatus by activating an infrared transmitter 14, sends a signal to the ECG ECG automatic analyzer. 在本发明的心脏保护系统中,心电信号自动分析装置3(其主要由个人计算机30组成,比如386PC)与信号传输装置2的红外接收器20相连接,该红外接收器20将从红外发射器14中接收到的ECG信号送至计算机30,(比如送至386PC的RS-232口),以供其进行分析,作出病情诊断。 In the heart of the protection system of the present invention, the automatic ECG analysis apparatus 3 (which is mainly composed of a personal computer 30, such as 386PC) and the infrared receiver 20 of the signal transmitting apparatus 2 is connected to the infrared receiver 20 from the infrared emission 14 received ECG signal sent to the computer 30, (for example to the 386PC's RS-232 port), were analyzed for their make disease diagnosis.

图6示出了信号传送装置与心电图自动分析装置计算机(PC)和RS232口相配接的电原理图。 Figure 6 shows an electrocardiographic signal transmission apparatus and an automatic analyzer computer (PC) and RS232 port for mating an electrical schematic diagram. 其中,经红外接收管D1所接收的信号通过运算放大器IC1进行运算放大,在比较器IC2进行比较运算之后被反相器IC3反相,再经由线驱动器IC4驱动而输出,该输出信号Dout经插座S2送至PC机RS232口。 Wherein, by the infrared receiver of the received signal D1 by an operational amplifier operational amplifier IC1, IC2 after the comparator compares arithmetic inverter IC3 is inverted, and then through the line driver IC4 driven output, the output signal Dout via the outlet S2 sent to the PC RS232 port. 图中S1、S2、S3为插座。 Fig. S1, S2, S3 for the socket.

当然,也可以不采用红外线传输而采用有线传输的方式实现个人佩带装置与心电图自动分析装置之间的信号传送。 Of course, it may not employ the use of infrared transmission and cable transmission means to achieve personal wearable device and automatic analysis of ECG signal transmission between the devices. 图5示出了这种连接的一个实例。 Figure 5 shows an example of such a connection. 这时利用驱动芯片与PC机的串行通信接口相连。 Then use driver chip and PC connected to the serial communication interface.

在本发明的第二和第三种技术方案中,可以免除患者奔赴医院之劳,也可实现医院之间心电信号的传送。 In the second and third aspect of the present invention, may be exempted from the patient went to the hospital's labor, but also realize the transfer between hospital ECG. 比如,在第二种方案中(见图2),信号传输装置2包括,将红外接收器20与家庭电话机(21)相连接,患者可以在家中按动个人佩戴装置中的红外发射器开关,与家用电话机并联的红外接收器20接收之后,利用一数传机,通过公共电话线路,将ECG信号送至就诊医院的心电图自动分析装置。 For example, in the second scenario (see Fig. 2), the signal transmitting apparatus 2 includes the infrared receiver 20 is connected to the home telephone set (21), the patient can press home personal wearable device infrared emitter switch After IR receiver and home telephone to receive 20 parallel, using a data transmission machine, through the public telephone line, the ECG signal is sent to the hospital for treatment ECG automatic analyzer. 在本发明第三种方案中(见图3),信号传输装置包括红外接收器20和无线电发射机(22),红外接收器20将所接收的ECG信号传送给无线电发射机(22),通过无线电波传送至约定医院的心电图自动分析装置之中,这时后者与一无线电接收机32相连接,以便接收来自个人佩戴装置的ECG信号。 In a third aspect of the present invention (see FIG. 3), the signal transmitting means includes an infrared receiver 20 and radio transmitter (22), the infrared receiver 20 converts the received ECG signal transmitted to the radio transmitter (22), by radio wave transmitted to the agreed hospital ECG apparatus into the automatic analyzer, when the latter is connected to a radio receiver 32 for receiving the individual wearing the ECG signal from the apparatus.

图8-14示出了在心电图自动分析装置中对心电信号进行分析处理的流程图。 Figure 8-14 shows a flowchart of the automatic analysis of ECG devices ECG signal analysis and processing. 其中ECG预处理(S403)、QRS波群检测(S404)、P波检测(S405)以及ST段、T波分析(S406)步骤的子程序,也适用于前述个人佩带装置中进行分析和处理的步骤。 Which ECG preprocessing (S403), QRS wave group detection (S404), P-wave detection (S405) and ST segment, T wave analysis subroutine (S406) steps also apply to the aforementioned individuals wearing device for analysis and processing steps.

图8示出在心电图自动分析装置中进行读出装置显示的流程图。 Figure 8 shows a flowchart for reading the display device in the automatic ECG analysis apparatus.

开机之后进入主菜单(S101),选择项说明如下:(1)输入当前病人信息及文件管理(S200)(2)从个人佩戴装置读入心电信号(S300)进入此项选择后,读出装置等待佩带装置的回放信号;(3)处理分析心电信号(S400)进入此项选择后,读出装置开始分析处理心电信号,在屏上方显示最初处理的6秒ECG信号的结果,中部显示待处理和已处理的心电信号长度,下部显示处理过程中部分分析过的心拍周期;(4)显示分析心律失常的结果(S500)进入此项选择后,屏幕上显示病人信息、总心拍数及可分析的异常心拍的数目。 After booting into the main menu (S101), options are as follows: (1) Enter the current patient information and document management (S200) (2) wearing the device reads the ECG signal (S300) from individuals who enter this selection, read out playback device waits for a signal to wear the device; (3) the processing and analysis of ECG (S400) to enter this selection, the readout start ECG analysis and processing, display the results of the first six seconds of the ECG signal processing, in the middle of the top of the screen Displays pending and processed ECG length, the lower part of the analysis process is displayed over the heart beat cycle; (4) the results of the analysis show arrhythmia (S500) to enter this selection, patient information is displayed on the screen, with a total heart beat The number of hours and abnormal heart beat can be analyzed. 可以显示逐拍对应的分析;每拍上都有一个结果,含义如下:病类号 显示 病类0 N 正常1 ARYSTO 停搏2 MIS 漏搏3 T(ACHY) 过速4 B(RASY) 过缓5 S(SVPC) 交界早搏6 A(PC) 房早7 V(PC) 室早8 V0 插入早搏9 V1 二联律10 V2 三联律11 OT RonT12 V3 成对或室速13 BL 房室传导阻滞14 - 噪声/异常心拍15 F 室颤 You can display the corresponding analysis-by shooting; on every shot has a result, the following meanings: disease category number is displayed normal illness 0 N 1 ARYSTO arrest 2 MIS leak stroke 3 T (ACHY) overspeed 4 B (RASY) bradycardia 5 S (SVPC) premature junction 6 A (PC) room early 7 V (PC) ventricular premature beats 9 V1 8 V0 insert bigeminy 10 V2 triple law 11 OT RonT12 V3 13 BL pairs or ventricular tachycardia atrioventricular block 14-- noise / abnormal heart beat 15 F VF

16 * 自学习(5)显示ST、T分析结果(S600)进入此选择项后,屏上显示病人信息,RR、PR、QRS、QT和QTc等信息及RR、QRS、PR、ST和T波是否正常的判别结果,还可以显示HR、QRS、PR、ST和T波等项的直方图,上述参数为平均值,还可以在需要时将显示过程中屏上的内容拷贝到打印机上;(6)打印输出心电波形(S700)进入此项选择后可通过打印机把病人信息和类似心电图的心电波形通过打印机描出。 After 16 * Self-learning (5) shows ST, T analysis (S600) to enter this selection, display patient information, RR, PR, QRS, QT and QTc information and RR, QRS, PR, ST and T wave on the screen The determination result is normal, can also display a histogram HR, QRS, PR, ST and T wave other items, said parameter is the average value can also be displayed when needed on the screen during the content copy to the printer; ( 6) print out ECG waveform (S700) This selection can be put into the patient information and ECG electrocardiogram similar delineate the printer through the printer. 可以设定心电波形X轴单位为40ms/mm,y轴单位为1mV/cm(折合到标准电极端);如心电信号未经处理,打印的是原始波形,否则是波滤处理后的波形。 You can set the ECG waveform X-axis unit for 40ms / mm, y-axis in units of 1mV / cm (equivalent to a standard electrical extreme); ECG if untreated, print the original waveform, otherwise it is treated after wave filter waveform.

参见图9,示出了有关“输入病人信息及文件管理”(S200)子程序的流程。 Referring to Figure 9, there is shown the relevant "input patient information and file management" (S200) subroutine process. 在进入这子菜单(S201)之后,选择项有:(1)输入新病人信息(S202)计算机自动排列病人序号,每输入一个新病人,序号自动加1。 In entering this submenu (S201) after the selections are: (1) Enter the new patient information (S202) computer automatically arranges patient number, enter a new patient each, plus a number automatically. 自动显示当前时间、日期、在此步骤输入患者姓名、性别和年龄。 Automatically displays the current time, date, in this step to enter patient name, gender and age.

(2)回顾老病人信息(S203)这里屏幕出现“OLD”,提示输入已有的病人序号,如输入正确,则屏蔽上显示该病人的姓名、性别、年龄、病例建立的时间等信息;如输入的病号不存在,屏幕上提示“NEW”,表示需重新输入序号。 (2) Review of old patient information (S203) here appears "OLD", has been prompted to enter the serial number of patients, such as the input is correct, then the shield displays the patient's name, sex, age, time and other information established case; if Enter the patient does not exist, the screen prompts "NEW", said the need to re-enter the serial number.

(3)就病人信息资料进行软盘备份(S204)这里屏幕提示输入需要备份的病人信息的起、止序号,以完成备份操作。 (3) patient information on a floppy disk backup (S204) from the patient information screen prompts to enter here to be backed up, only the serial number to complete the backup operation.

(4)将病人信息资料从软盘恢复到硬盘中(S205)(5)格式化新盘(S206)一般在用一张软盘进行备份时都需先经过这一步;(6)返回主菜单(S207)图10示出对ECG信号进行处理的主程序。 (4) the patient recover information from a floppy disk to your hard drive (S205) (5) to format the new disk (S206) is generally used when a floppy disk backups are required to go through this step; (6) Return to the main menu (S207 ) of Figure 10 shows the main routine for processing the ECG signal. 程序从步骤S400开始,经过变量初始化(S401)和取比如6秒ECG进行自学习(S402)以学习受试者的正常窦性心律之后,进入ECG信号预处理步骤(S403)。 Procedure starts from step S400, after the variable initialization (S401) and taking for example 6 seconds ECG self-learning (S402) to learn the subject normal sinus rhythm, the ECG signal into the pre-treatment step (S403). 在此步骤中,利用公式[H(ejω)[=-cosnω+ 2cos(n-1)ω+5cos(n-2)ω+2]/8y(n)=[-x(n)+2x(n-1)+5x(n-2)+4x(n-3)+5x(n-4)+2x(n-5)-x(n-6)]/16其中设-3dB点为28Hz,-20dB阻带为47-53Hz;fs=200Hz,即低通和50Hz带阻合二为一,对心电信号进行滤波和基线校准,使基线拉直,消除50Hz工频干扰和噪声。 In this step, the use of the formula [H (ejω) [= - cosnω + 2cos (n-1) ω + 5cos (n-2) ω + 2] / 8y (n) = [- x (n) + 2x ( n-1) + 5x (n-2) + 4x (n-3) + 5x (n-4) + 2x (n-5) -x (n-6)] / 16 wherein the set point is -3dB 28Hz, -20dB stop band is 47-53Hz; fs = 200Hz, namely 50Hz low-pass and band-stop into one of the ECG signal filtering and baseline calibration, so the baseline straightened, eliminate 50Hz frequency interference and noise.

然后程序进到后续对ECG信号各特征的提取的步骤,即顺序进入QRS波群检测(S404)、P波检测(S405)、ST段、T波分析(S406)的步骤,以便得到最终的分析参数的结果。 The program then proceeds to a step subsequent to the step of extracting features of each ECG signal, i.e. the sequence into the QRS complex detection (S404), P-wave is detected (S405), ST segment, T wave analysis (S406) so as to obtain the final analysis outcome parameters.

图11示出QRs波群的检测步骤(S404)的子程序,其公式是:y(n)=|△1+△2+△3+△4|/4△k=x(n+k)-x(nk) k=1,2,3,4|H(ej&omega;)|=8sin52&omega;&CenterDot;cos&omega;&CenterDot;cos&omega;2]]>首先在步骤S4041检测闽值计算并使计数器清零。 Figure 11 shows a group of QRs wave detection step (S404) subroutine, the formula is: y (n) = | △ 1 + △ 2 + △ 3 + △ 4 | / 4 △ k = x (n + k) -x (nk) k = 1,2,3,4 | H (ej & omega;) | = 8sin52 & omega; & CenterDot; cos & omega; & CenterDot; cos & omega; 2]]> First detection threshold is calculated and the counter is cleared in step S4041. 进入步骤S4042,判断是否有R波检出。 Proceeds to step S4042, determines whether there are any R-wave detection. 在此,首先对ECG信号进行求导,然后形成阈值,即把6秒ECG信号分为11段,找出每段的最大值进行平均,得到一个平均值ave,以每段的最大值与该ave值进行比较,较之大者为有QRS波群,较之小者则为无QRS波群。 Here, the first derivative of the ECG signal, then the threshold value is formed, i.e., the 6 seconds of the ECG signal is divided into 11 segments, each segment to find the maximum averaged to obtain an average value ave, the maximum value of each segment ave value, as there is greater than the QRS complex, compared to small ones, compared with no QRS complex. 将有QRS波群的段的最大值作平均,得到QRS波群的平均差分值th;分别以th值的7/16和3/16作为检测QRS波群的两个闽值th-b和th-r。 Will have a maximum period of QRS complex for average, get the QRS mean difference scores th; respectively 7/16 and 3/16 th value of the QRS complex as a detection threshold of two th-b and th -r. 如果在步骤S4042判断为否,即未检测出R波,程序进到步骤S4043,使计数器加1,差分值与阂值比较然后返回步骤S4042,再进行R波检出判断。 If the judgment is NO, i.e., R-wave is not detected, the program proceeds to step S4043, the counter plus one, comparing the difference value with the thresholds then returns to step S4042, then the R-wave detection judgment. In step S4042 如果在此步骤判断为是,即有R波检出,程序前进到步骤S4044,寻找一阶与二阶差分最大值,使阈值更新。 If this step is determined to be, that is R-wave detection, the program proceeds to step S4044, the first-order and second-order differential to find the maximum value, so that the threshold value is updated. 在此用导数的绝对值检测QRS波群。 The absolute value of the QRS complex is detected in this use derivatives. 当连续2点导数大于闷值时。 When continuous 2:00 derivative values greater than stuffy. 判定为一个新的QRS波群出现,用平均RR问期的5/12作为分界点,前段采用th-b后段采用th-r。 Determining a new QRS complex appears to ask the average period of 5/12 RR as the demarcation point, using the preceding paragraph th-b With th-r.

每检测到一个QRS波群都有条件地更新阈值。 Each detected QRS complex has a threshold condition to update. th-r(new)=th-r(old)&CenterDot;34+aym/16]]>th-r(new)=th-r(old)&CenterDot;34+aym/8]]>aym为QRS波群检测点前后140msmw的最大值。 th-r (new) = th-r (old) & CenterDot; 34 + aym / 16]]> th-r (new) = th-r (old) & CenterDot; 34 + aym / 8]]> aym for QRS wave maximum detection point group of around 140msmw.

更新条件为(aym>th-b)且[(aym<3th-b)或(连续4次未更新)]。 Update conditions (aym> th-b) and [(aym <3th-b), or (4 consecutive times is not updated)]. 然后从S波向后屏蔽260ms继续搜索下一个QRS波群,并且计算RR间期。 S wave back then shielded from 260ms to continue searching for the next QRS complex, and calculate the RR interval.

接下来,程序前进到步骤由S4045,进行Q波起点的定位。 Next, the routine proceeds to the step S4045, the starting point of the Q wave positioning. 在这里aym/9作为Q波起动的定位阈值,下限为4。 Here aym / 9 as a Q-wave starting position threshold, the lower limit is 4.

从每个QRS波群的检测点退80ms,向后搜索Q波起点,直到连续2点导数绝对值均大于阈值。 From each QRS detection point back 80ms, search backwards Q-wave starting until 2:00 continuous derivative absolute value greater than a threshold value. 程序在步骤S4046进行QRS波群终点定位。 QRS complex program end position at step S4046. 在这里采用二阶导数法,其步骤是:(1)对ECG求二阶导数;(2)用求th同样的方法求二阶导数的最大值ayd,取ayd/8作为定位QRS波群终点的阈值th-s,如波形较大(aym>3th-b),则取ayd/10作为th-s,下限为3。 Here the use of second derivative method, the steps are: (1) for the second derivative ECG; (2) by seeking the same way th second derivative maximum ayd, take ayd / 8 as the end of the QRS complex positioning threshold th-s, such as a wave larger (aym> 3th-b), then take ayd / 10 as th-s, the lower limit is 3.

(3)从QRS波群检测点向后跳130ms。 (3) jump from 130ms QRS complex detection point backwards.

(4)从后向前搜索,在100ms内,利用后续3点二阶导致的绝对值大于th-s来定位QRS波群终点。 (4) search forward from within 100ms, the use of the absolute value of the follow-up 3-point lead is greater than the second-order th-s to locate the end of the QRS complex.

(5)求QRS波群的宽度。 (5) Find the width of the QRS complex.

然后,程序前进到步骤S4047和S4048,对QRS波群主极性和噪声进行判别。 Then, the program proceeds to step S4047 and S4048, on the main QRS complex polarity and noise discrimination.

其中,对于QRS波群主极性的判别(S4047)是如此完成的:(1)在QRS波群起点和终点之间以Q波起点为参考点找出幅度最大值的位置;(2)幅度最大值处幅度值与Q波起点处的幅度值相比较,前者大于后者则极性为正;反之,极性为负。 Among them, for the QRS main polar discrimination (S4047) is thus completed: (1) between the start and end of the QRS complex with Q-wave starting point as a reference point to identify the magnitude of the maximum position; (2) the magnitude of at the maximum amplitude value and the amplitude value at the beginning of Q-wave compared to the former than the latter polarity is positive; the other hand, the polarity is negative. 噪声的判别则包括:如果QRS波群起点和终点幅值之差的绝对值大于QRS峰值的一半,则认为此拍为噪声,不进行心律失常的分析。 Discriminating noise include: if the absolute value of the difference between the start and end of the QRS complex amplitude greater than half of the QRS peak, this shot is considered as noise, do not analyze arrhythmia.

程序中用于P波检测的步骤S405(见图10)是采用面积法来完成的。 Program for the P-wave detection step S405 (see Figure 10) is accomplished using the area method. 其计算公式为:ss(k-1)=|x(i-1)-x(i-1-1)|ss(k)=|x(i+1+1)-x(i+2+1)|s=ss(k-1)+ss(k)+s The formula is: ss (k-1) = | x (i-1) -x (i-1-1) | ss (k) = | x (i + 1 + 1) -x (i + 2 + 1) | s = ss (k-1) + ss (k) + s

k=k+2当P波面积S大于阈值时,作为一个P波待定对象,面积最大处即为P波。 k = k + 2 when the P-wave area S is greater than a threshold value, determined as a P-wave object, is the largest area of the P wave.

图10中所示的T波以及ST段分析的步骤(S406)则如此进行,即:对于T波峰点,确定在QRS波终点到T波终点之间幅度最大值处;而T波终点则为:QT=0.391g(RR+0.07)。 T-wave and the ST segment illustrated in FIG analysis step 10 (S406) is carried out so that: for T peak point, determines the maximum amplitude of the QRS complex to the end of the T-wave between the end; and T wave end point was : QT = 0.391g (RR + 0.07).

至于ST段终点的计算,首先假设ST为直线和抛物线:f1=a1x+b1f2=a2x2+b2+c2分别用直线和抛物线拟合ST段和ST终点到T波峰点的曲线,取误差最小者为最后结果,误差用最小平方误差,拟合点从Se到Tp依次选取。 As for the calculation of ST segment endpoints, first assume a linear and parabolic ST: f1 = a1x + b1f2 = a2x2 + b2 + c2 respectively linear and parabolic fitting end to the ST segment and ST T peak point of the curve, take the smallest error is the final results, the error with the least square error fitting point sequentially selected from Se to Tp.

图12示出了显示心律失常结果(S500)的子程序。 Figure 12 shows a display arrhythmias result (S500) subroutine. 在变量初始化(S501)之后,在步骤S502和S503,读出ECG处理信号的参数和病人信息,对参数值进行平均计算,以排除偶发的意外因素影响。 The variable is initialized (S501), in step S502 and S503, readout parameters and patient information ECG signal processing, parameter values on average, to exclude the impact of unexpected factors sporadic. 在步骤S504对所计算的参数值进行心律失常类型的判别。 S504 of parameter values calculated arrhythmia type determined in step. 判别流程参见图13示出的“病类判别例程”。 Discrimination See Figure 13 shows the flow of "illness routine discrimination." 其判据是:心律失常判据1. Its criterion is: Criterion 1 arrhythmia. 停搏:(病数号1)RR间期>3秒2. :( Disease cardioplegia number No. 1) RR interval> 3 seconds 2. 漏搏(包括二度房室传导阻滞)(病类号2)RR间期为平均RR间期的1.9-2.1倍3. Drain stroke (including second degree atrioventricular block) (disease category No. 2) RR interval is the average RR interval of 1.9-2.1 times three. 心动过速(病类号3)连续5个心拍的RR间期小于3/7秒或瞬时平均心率大于设置值4. Inter tachycardia (illness No. 3) consecutive five heart beat RR interval is less than 3/7 seconds or instantaneous average heart rate greater than the set value of 4. 心动过缓(病类号4)连续4个心拍的RR间期大于1.5秒,或瞬时平均心率小于设置值5. Bradycardia (illness No. 4) consecutive four heart beat RR interval greater than 1.5 seconds, or less than the set value of the instantaneous average heart rate 5. 室性早搏(病类号7)(1)i-1拍QRS>0.12S(2)i-2拍QRS<0.12S Premature ventricular contractions (illness No. 7) (1) i-1 beat QRS> 0.12S (2) i-2 beat QRS <0.12S

(3)i-1拍QRS提前(5)i拍QRS<0.12S以上条件相与,则认为i-1拍为一个单发室性早搏6. (3) i-1 shot ahead QRS (5) i beat QRS <0.12S phase above conditions, i-1 is considered as a single premature ventricular beat 6. 房性早搏(病类号6)(1)i-1拍P波(R波)提前(2)i、i-1、i-2拍QRS<0.12S(3)i拍不完全补偿三个条件相与成立,则认为i-1拍为一个房性早搏7. Atrial premature beats (disease category No. 6) (1) i-1 beat P wave (R-wave) in advance (2) i, i-1, i-2 beat QRS <0.12S (3) i took three incomplete compensation phase and the establishment of conditions, i-1 is considered as an atrial premature beat 7. 交界性早搏(病类号5)(1)i、i-1、i-2拍QRS宽度小于0.12S(2)i-1拍P波(R波)提前(3)i拍完全补偿三个条件相与成立,则认为i-1拍为一个交界性早搏8. Junctional premature (illness No. 5) (1) i, i-1, i-2 beat QRS width of less than 0.12S (2) i-1 beat P wave (R-wave) in advance (3) i took three full compensation phase and the establishment of conditions, it is considered as an i-1 junctional premature beat 8. 插入性早搏(病类号8)(1)i-1拍QRS>0.12S(2)i-2、i拍QRS<0.12S(3)i-1拍R波提前(4)i拍没有补偿期四个条件相与成立,则认为i-1为一个插入性早搏9. Insert premature (illness No. 8) (1) i-1 beat QRS> 0.12S (2) i-2, i beat QRS <0.12S (3) i-1 beat R wave front (4) i shoot without compensation phase and the establishment of the four conditions, i-1 is considered as an insert premature 9. 成对室性早搏(病类号12)(1)i-1、i-2 QRS>0.12S(2)i-3、i拍QRS<0.12S(3)i-1、i-2拍提前三个条件相与成立则认为i-1、i-2拍为成对室性早搏10. Pairs of premature ventricular contractions (illness No. 12) (1) i-1, i-2 QRS> 0.12S (2) i-3, i beat QRS <0.12S (3) i-1, i-2 shot ahead three conditions for the establishment phase is considered i-1, i-2 beat for 10 pairs of premature ventricular contractions. 室性心动过速(病类号12)(1)i、i-1、i-2拍QRS>0.12S(2)i、i-1、i-2拍提前两条件相与成立则认为出现室性心动过速11. Ventricular tachycardia (disease category No. 12) (1) i, i-1, i-2 beat QRS> 0.12S (2) i, i-1, i-2 shot ahead of two conditions for the establishment phase is considered that there is ventricular tachycardia 11. 室性二联律(病类号9)(1)i-1、i-3两拍QRS波群提前(2)i、i-2两拍完全补偿 Ventricular bigeminy (illness No. 9) (1) i-1, i-3 two shot ahead of the QRS complex (2) i, i-2 beat two fully compensated

(3)i-1、i-3两拍QRS>0.12S(4)i、i-2、i-4拍QRS宽度<0.12S四个条件相与成立,则认为出现了一个二联律12. (3) i-1, i-3 two beat QRS> 0.12S (4) i, i-2, i-4 beat QRS duration <0.12S four conditions for the establishment phase, it is considered there is a bigeminy 12 . 室性三联律(病类号10)(1)i-1、i-4两拍QRS波群提前(2)i、i-3两拍完全补偿(3)i-1、i-4两拍的QRS>0.12S(4)i、i-2、i-3、i-5、i-6各拍的QRS<0.12S四个条件相与成立,则认为出现了一个三联律13. Ventricular triple law (disease category No. 10) (1) i-1, i-4 two shot ahead of the QRS complex (2) i, i-3 took two full compensation (3) i-1, i-4 two shot The QRS> 0.12S (4) i, i-2, i-3, i-5, i-6 each shot QRS <0.12S phase four conditions hold, then think there is a triple law 13. RonT(病类号11)(1)HR<60bpm且RR<1/3秒(2)HR>60bpm且RR<平均RR的5/12两个条件相或成立则认为i-1拍为RonT14. RonT (illness No. 11) (1) HR <60bpm and RR <1/3 seconds (2) HR> 60bpm and RR <5/12 RR relative to average two conditions or the establishment thinks i-1 shot for RonT14. 室颤(病类号15)(1)ECG波形振荡次数>150次/分(2)波形宽度>0.18s(3)i、i-1拍都满足(1)(2)(4)i-2、i-3、i-4中有增宽现象四个条件相与成立,则认为出现室颤15. VF (illness No. 15) (1) ECG waveform oscillation frequency> 150 beats / min (2) waveform width> 0.18s (3) i, i-1 shot satisfies (1) (2) (4) i- 2, i-3, i-4 phenomenon has widened the establishment phase four conditions are considered ventricular fibrillation 15. 频发室早:(无)每分钟室早个数大于5个或设定值16. :( No frequent PVCs) per minute room early number greater than 5 or 16 setpoints. 噪声(病类号14)参见QRS波群检测部分正常心拍为病类号0以上判别的结果在步骤S505进行显示,给出如图15所示的心律失常分析报告。 Noise (illness No. 14) See the QRS detection part of the normal heart beat No. 0 results for illness than discrimination displayed in step S505, given arrhythmia analysis report shown in Figure 15. 其中输出一个综合的统计结果。 In which the output of an integrated statistical results. 在步骤S506,给出对应每拍的结果,如图16所示,其中标有星号“*”的为个人佩带装置或心电图自动装置分析自学习的心拍,而“V”表示单发室早异常,“N”表示正常心拍。 In step S506, the corresponding results are given for each shot, shown in Figure 16, which are marked with an asterisk "*" for the individual wearing the device or ECG analysis automatic device self-learning of the heart beat, and "V" represents a single PVCs abnormal, "N" indicates a normal heart beat.

图14示出了显示ST、T分析结果(S600)的子程序。 Figure 14 shows a display ST, T analysis result (S600) subroutine. 这一流程给出了心电图ST、T分析的直方图结果。 This process gives the electrocardiogram ST, T histogram analysis results. 在变量初始化(S601)之后,读出分析结果和病人信息(S602)。 In the variable initialization (S601) after analyzing the results and patient information (S602) readout. 然后对各种参数,包括HR、PR、QRS、ST等ECG参数进行计算(S603),在步骤S604对病人信息和各种ECG参数进行显示,给出如图17所示的HR-RR-ST-T分析报告。 Then various parameters, including HR, PR, QRS, ST and other ECG parameters were calculated (S603), in step S604 and a variety of patient information displayed ECG parameters, given HR-RR-ST 17 shown in FIG. -T analysis report. 在步骤605,判断是否退出,若是,则至结束S609;或为否则读出选择键(S607),进而进行各参数(HR、PR、QRS或ST、T波等等ECG参数)的直方图描绘(S608),制出如图18(HR直方图)、图19(QRS间期直方图)、图20(ST段直方图),以及图21(T波直方图)的各ECG参数直方图。 In step 605, it is determined whether to exit, if yes, to the end S609; or otherwise read selection key (S607), and further that various parameters (HR, PR, QRS or ST, T wave ECG parameters, etc.) depict histograms (S608), the system out in Figure 18 (HR histogram), 19 (QRS duration histograms), Figure 20 (ST segment histogram), and Figure 21 (T-wave histogram) of each ECG parameter histograms. 然后再返回步骤S605进行判断,直至退出被确认为止。 And then returns to step S605 to judge until you exit is confirmed so far.

最后,该分析装置还如图22所示打印输出所记录的心电图(S700)。 Finally, the analysis means further shown in FIG. 22 printout recorded electrocardiogram (S700).

利用本发明的佩戴式超小型心脏保护系统,患者及其亲属和医生可以直观地了解患者心脏的健康状况,随时记录心电信号,使得过去不但病人而且医生也难以捕捉的心电异常能够及时被搏捉到,并且提供了对心电信号周密的分析,为医生作出准确的临床诊断提供了翔实的佐证和可靠的。 The use of ultra-compact wearable cardiac protection system of the present invention, the patients and their relatives and doctors can intuitively understand the health status of the patient's heart, ready to record the ECG signal, so that the past is not only the patient and the doctor is also difficult to capture ECG abnormalities can be timely stroke catch, and provides a thorough analysis of ECG to make an accurate diagnosis for doctors to provide a detailed and reliable evidence.

为了更好地理解本发明与现有心电监护机之间的区别和本发明心脏保护系统所具有的优点,下面在表1中将本发明与几种传统的心电机的性能作一直观的比较,打勾“√”之处为该机所有的性能项目: To better understand the differences and cardiac protection system of the present invention with the prior between ECG machine has the advantage, in Table 1 below with several traditional performance in the heart of the motor of the present invention has been compared Concept , tick "√" place for all aircraft performance items:

表1 Table 1

表1(续) Table 1 (continued)

本发明超小型化、智能化的佩带式超小型心脏保护系统,从根本上解决了在心脏病人发病时及时捕捉和记录其心电图的难题,加上本发明采用国际标准化的电极导联,为不同的心脏病的诊断提供真实的、有可比性的临床诊断资料,这是非常有价值的。 The invention of the ultra-small, ultra-compact intelligent wearable cardiac protection system, a fundamental solution to the timely capture and record the ECG at the time of the onset of cardiac problems, coupled with the present invention is the use of international standardization of electrode leads, for different The diagnosis of heart disease provide true, comparable clinical diagnosis data, which is very valuable. 它使冠心病可以早期诊断、早期治疗,而病人发病时可以得到最佳的处置指导。 It makes coronary heart disease can be early diagnosis, early treatment, and the patient can get the best guidance onset disposal.

虽然以上结合本发明的实施例对本发明的心脏保护系统进行了描述,本领域的技术人员应能懂得,在不离开本发明及所述的权利要求书所限定的范围之内,可以对本发明做出各种修改,它们都包括在本发明的构思和方案之中。 While the above combination of embodiments of the present invention on cardiac protection system of the present invention have been described, those skilled in the art should be able to understand, within the scope defined by claim without departing from the present invention and according to the requirements of the scope of present invention are possible to make Various modifications, which are included in the spirit and aspect of the present invention being.

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Clasificación internacionalA61B5/0402
Clasificación cooperativaA61B5/0402
Clasificación europeaA61B5/0402
Eventos legales
18 Oct 1995C06Publication
23 Oct 1996C10Entry into substantive examination
15 Nov 2000C53Change or modification of patent (application)
15 Nov 2000CORChange of bibliographic data
28 Mar 2001C14Grant of patent or utility model
16 Jun 2004C19Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee