Búsqueda Imágenes Maps Play YouTube Noticias Gmail Drive Más »
Iniciar sesión
Usuarios de lectores de pantalla: deben hacer clic en este enlace para utilizar el modo de accesibilidad. Este modo tiene las mismas funciones esenciales pero funciona mejor con el lector.

Patentes

  1. Búsqueda avanzada de patentes
Número de publicaciónCN2224466 Y
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Número de solicitudCN 95230024
Fecha de publicación10 Abr 1996
Fecha de presentación6 Ene 1995
Fecha de prioridad6 Ene 1995
Número de publicación95230024.9, CN 2224466 Y, CN 2224466Y, CN 95230024, CN-Y-2224466, CN2224466 Y, CN2224466Y, CN95230024, CN95230024.9
Inventores孔宪臣
Solicitante阜新市华安科技服务公司
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  SIPO, Espacenet
Microstrip antenna for mobile communication
CN 2224466 Y
Resumen
The utility model belongs to an antenna for wireless mobile communication, which particularly relates to a microstrip antenna for mobile communication of HF, VHF, UHF and SHF wave bands. The basal plate of the microstrip antenna is composed of two positive and two reverse unclosing rectangular spirals, five positive and five reverse foldingly connected first unit radiation conduction bands and top loads. The formed gap is equal to the resonant slot of 1/2 wave length. The utility model has the characteristics of high gain, wide frequency band, isotropic directivity, easy conformation, etc., and is suitable for vehicle-mounted and carrier-borne microstrip antennas for mobile communication.
Reclamaciones(1)  traducido del chino
1.一种用于无线通信HF、VHF、UHF、SHF波段,在微带天线基板上由折合、螺绕、缝隙、加顶结构的辐射导带组成的移动通信微带天线,其特征在于由2条始点(1)、(7)至终点(2)、(8)组成的正向非闭合矩形螺绕,2条始点(6)、(14)至终点(7)、(15)组成的反向非闭合矩形螺绕,5条始点(2)、(4)、(8)、(10)、(12)至终点(3)、(5)、(9)、(11)、(13)组成的正向折合,5条始点(3)、(5)、(9)、(11)、(13)至终点(4)、(6)、(10)、(12)、(14)反向折合连接组成的一单元辐射导带、以第2条反向非闭合矩形螺绕的终点(15)为始点,与以(16)、(17)、(18)、(19)为终点的纵向辐射导带组成的加顶负载,1/2波长一单元辐射导带折合螺绕后,形成的缝隙同1/2波长的谐振缝隙等长。 1. A method for wireless communications HF, VHF, UHF, SHF band microstrip antenna on a substrate made of folded, spiral wound, radiation guide slot, plus the roof structure with a mobile communication microstrip antenna, which is characterized by a 2 start point (1), (7) to the end (2), (8) forward a non-closed rectangles spiral wound, two starting points (6) and (14) to the end (7), (15) consisting of Reverse non-rectangular spiral wound closure, five start point (2), (4), (8), (10), (12) to the end (3), (5), (9), (11), (13 ) consisting of folded forward, 5 start point (3), (5), (9), (11), (13) to the end point (4), (6), (10), (12), (14) Reverse connected to form a unit equivalent to the radiation belt, with the first two reverse non-rectangular spiral wound closed end (15) as the beginning point, and in (16), (17), (18), (19) as the end point plus the top of the conduction band consisting of longitudinal radiation load, 1/2-wavelength radiation conduction band gap of a unit with 1/2 wavelength resonance gap equivalent to screw around after the formation of equal length.
Descripción  traducido del chino
移动通信微带天线 Mobile microstrip antenna

本实用新型属无线移动通信天线,特别涉及一种用于无线通信的HF、VHF、UHF、SHF波段的移动通信微带天线。 The utility model belongs to the wireless mobile communication antenna, and more particularly to a method for wireless communications HF, VHF, UHF, SHF band mobile communication microstrip antenna.

目前,在国内外的无线通信中,应用于HF、VHF、UHF、SHF波段的微带天线,其几何形状都是矩形、圆形、椭圆形、栅形、齿形、三角形、多边形、环形、扇形、梯形等单一几何形状微带天线,其普遍存在增益低,频带窄,端射性差、只向半空间辐射、天线几何尺寸大等问题,严重影响了通信距离、通信质量和通信效果,特别是全向通信的有效性,尤其是对通信方向不断变化的移动通信,影响更大,天线几何尺寸大,限制了使用环境和使用条件,同时也不利于共形。 Currently, in a wireless communication at home and abroad, the applied HF, VHF, UHF, SHF band microstrip antenna, its geometry is rectangular, circular, oval, grid-shaped, toothed, triangular, polygonal, annular, fan-shaped, trapezoidal geometry of a single antenna, its low prevalence gain, narrow band, endfire poor, only half the radiation to space, the antenna geometry such problems seriously affected the communication distance, the communication quality and communication effects, especially omnidirectional communication effectiveness, especially mobile communications for changing the direction of traffic, the greater the impact, the large antenna geometry, limiting the use of the environment and use, while not conducive to co-shape.

本实用新型的目的在于解决增益低、频带窄、端射性差等问题,提供一种适合室内外、固定或移动通信用微带天线。 The utility model aims to solve the gain low, narrow band, and poor end-fire, to provide a suitable indoor and outdoor, fixed or mobile communications microstrip antenna.

本实用新型的任务在于,在微带天线基板上经过印刷或光刻工艺制成由一单元辐射导带组成的折合、螺绕、缝隙、加顶结构移动通信微带天线,由2条正向非闭合矩形螺绕,2条反向非闭合矩形螺绕相连接组成一单元辐射导带,以第2条反向非闭合矩形螺绕(15)为始点的纵向折合组成的加顶负载,一单元辐射导带经折合螺绕后,形成的缝隙谐振于1/2波长。 The utility model is the task that the microstrip antenna substrate through the printing or photolithography process is made by a unit of radiation equivalent to the conduction band composed, screw around, cracks, plus the top structure of the mobile communications antenna, the two forward Non-closed rectangular spiral wound, two non-closed rectangular spiral wound reverse phase connected to form a unit of radiation belt, with the first two reverse non-rectangular spiral wound closure (15) as the starting point of the longitudinal component plus equivalent top load, a unit of radiation equivalent to screw around after the conduction band, the gap formation at 1/2 wavelength resonance.

本实用新型具有增益高、频带宽、全方向性、重量轻、几何尺寸小、易共形、隐蔽性好、不易损坏、成本低等优点。 The utility model has high gain, wide frequency band, omni-directional, light weight, small geometric dimensions, easy conformal, good for hiding, not damaged, and low cost.

以下结合附图以实施例方式具体说明。 The following example embodiment with reference to specific instructions.

图1示移动通信微带天线结构图。 Figure 1 illustrates a mobile communication microstrip antenna structure.

参照附图1,移动通信微带天线在天线基板上由折合、螺绕、缝隙、加顶结构的移动通信一单元辐射导带组成,以始点(1)顺时针方向至终点(2)的第1次正向非闭合矩形螺绕,以始点(2)顺时针方向至终点(3)的第1次正向折合,以始点(3)逆时针方向至终点(4)的第1次反向折合,以始点(4)顺时针方向至终点(5)的第2次正向折合,以始点(5)逆时针方向至终点(6)的第2次反向折合,以始点(6)逆时针方向至终点(7)为第1次反向非闭合矩形螺绕,以始点(7)顺时针方向至终点(8)为第2次正向非闭合矩形螺绕,以(7)为界点形成2个相连的折合、螺绕结构,达到即拓宽频带,又不降低增益的目的。 Article 1 of the drawings, the mobile communication microstrip antenna on the antenna substrate around the equivalent, snails, cracks, plus the roof structure of the mobile communication radiation conduction band composed of a unit to the starting point (1) clockwise to the end point (2) 1 Non-closed rectangular spiral wound forward to the start point (2) clockwise to the end (3) of the 1st folded forward to starting point (3) counterclockwise to the end (4) of the 1st Reverse equivalent to the starting point (4) clockwise to the end (5) of the second forward equivalent to the starting point (5) counterclockwise to the end (6) of the second reverse equivalent to the starting point (6) the inverse clockwise to the end (7) For the first time a non-closed rectangular spiral wound reverse to the starting point (7) in a clockwise direction to the end point (8) For the second positive non-rectangular spiral wound closure to (7) for the sector Point 2 is connected to a reduced form, snails around the structure, to achieve that is to broaden the bandwidth, without lowering the purpose of gain. 以始点(8)顺时针方向至终点(9)为第3次正向折合,以始点(9)逆时针方向至终点(10)为第3次反向折合,以始点(10)顺时针方向至终点(11)为第4次正向折合,以始点(11)逆时针方向至终点(12)为第4次反向折合,以始点(12)顺时针方向至终点(13)为第5次正向折合,以始点(13)逆时针方向至终点(14)为第5次反向折合,以始点(14)逆时针方向至终点(15)为第2次反向非闭合矩形螺绕,以上结构相连接组成一单元辐射导带,以第2次反向非闭合矩形螺绕终点(15)为始点,以(16)、(17)、(18)、(19)为终点的辐射导带组成的加顶负载,使电流波腹点上移,一单元辐射导带电流分布更为均匀。 To start point (8) clockwise to the end (9) for the 3rd time forward equivalent to the starting point (9) counterclockwise to the end (10) for the 3rd time reverse equivalent to the starting point (10) in a clockwise direction to the end point (11) for the fourth forward equivalent to the starting point (11) in the counterclockwise direction to the end point (12) is equivalent to the fourth reverse to the starting point (12) in a clockwise direction to the end point (13) for the first 5 Forward times equivalent to the starting point (13) in the counterclockwise direction to the end point (14) is equivalent to the fifth reverse to the starting point (14) in the counterclockwise direction to the end point (15) of the second non-inverted rectangular spiral wound closure radiation, the above structure is connected to form a unit of radiation conduction band, with 2nd reverse screw around non-rectangular closed end (15) as the beginning point to (16), (17), (18), (19) as the end point of the plus top load conduction band composed of the current wave antinodes on the move, a unit of radiation more uniform current distribution in the conduction band. 折合螺绕后形成的缝隙同1/2波长的谐振缝隙等长,即缝隙谐振于1/2波长。 After the formation of a gap equivalent to screw around with 1/2 wavelength resonance gap as long as that gap to 1/2 wavelength resonance.

移动通信微带天线的技术性能。 Technical performance of the mobile communication microstrip antenna.

增益 6dB频带宽 110MHZ最小平面几何尺寸 12CM2最小剖面几何尺寸 0.055MM最小重量 0.03G本实用新型移动微带天线,在结构设计中采用了折合、螺绕、缝隙、加顶的技术,解决了增益低、频带窄、端射性差、只向半空间辐射等问题,具有科学性、实用性,适用于无线通信的HF、VHF、UHF、SHF波段,通信方向不断变化的车装、舰载、背负、手持的移动通信,并可与通信整机及通信车船共形。 6dB gain bandwidth 110MHZ minimum geometry size 12CM2 minimum cross-sectional geometry 0.055MM minimum weight 0.03G The utility model mobile antenna, in the structural design with a folded, spiral wound, slit, plus the top of the technology to solve the gain low narrow band, endfire poor, only the half-space radiation and other issues, has a scientific, practical, HF for wireless communications, VHF, UHF, SHF-band communication direction changing vehicle loading, carrier, carrying, Mobile hand-held, and conformal communication and communications machine and travel.

Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US800911110 Mar 200930 Ago 2011Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US815446228 Feb 201110 Abr 2012Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US81544639 Mar 201110 Abr 2012Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US82078936 Jul 200926 Jun 2012Fractus, S.A.Space-filling miniature antennas
US82536336 Ene 201028 Ago 2012Fractus, S.A.Multi-band monopole antenna for a mobile communications device
US825901617 Feb 20114 Sep 2012Fractus, S.A.Multi-band monopole antenna for a mobile communications device
US83306592 Mar 201211 Dic 2012Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US845636513 Ago 20084 Jun 2013Fractus, S.A.Multi-band monopole antennas for mobile communications devices
US84717723 Feb 201125 Jun 2013Fractus, S.A.Space-filling miniature antennas
US85587419 Mar 201115 Oct 2013Fractus, S.A.Space-filling miniature antennas
US86106272 Mar 201117 Dic 2013Fractus, S.A.Space-filling miniature antennas
US867488724 Jul 201218 Mar 2014Fractus, S.A.Multi-band monopole antenna for a mobile communications device
US873810321 Dic 200627 May 2014Fractus, S.A.Multiple-body-configuration multimedia and smartphone multifunction wireless devices
US89415412 Ene 201327 Ene 2015Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US89760692 Ene 201310 Mar 2015Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US90009852 Ene 20137 Abr 2015Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US90544212 Ene 20139 Jun 2015Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US90997737 Abr 20144 Ago 2015Fractus, S.A.Multiple-body-configuration multimedia and smartphone multifunction wireless devices
US924063227 Jun 201319 Ene 2016Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US93313823 Oct 20133 May 2016Fractus, S.A.Space-filling miniature antennas
US936261713 Ago 20157 Jun 2016Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
US975531414 Mar 20115 Sep 2017Fractus S.A.Loaded antenna
US976193425 Abr 201612 Sep 2017Fractus, S.A.Multilevel antennae
Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalH01Q1/38
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
10 Abr 1996C14Granted
25 Feb 1998C19Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee