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Número de publicaciónDE4136540 A1
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudDE19914136540
Fecha de publicación14 May 1992
Fecha de presentación6 Nov 1991
Fecha de prioridad9 Nov 1990
Número de publicación19914136540, 914136540, DE 4136540 A1, DE 4136540A1, DE-A1-4136540, DE19914136540, DE4136540 A1, DE4136540A1, DE914136540
InventoresDavid Pegaz
SolicitanteAmerican Israeli Paper Mills
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: DPMA, Espacenet
Disposable diaper - has lining layer of liq.-permeable material contg. lubricant, pH reducing agent, disinfectant, etc. to combat skin irritation and dermatitis
DE 4136540 A1
Resumen
One way, pref. disposable baby's napkin comprises an outer liq.-impermeable layer, a liq.-absorbing interlayer and a liq.-permeable liner contg. one or more susbtances selected from lubricants, hydrophobic substances, pH-lowering agents, disinfecting agents, bacteriostatic agents and substances which heal, alleviate or sooth diaper dermatitis. Pref. lubricants are silicone, vaseline, sorbitan oleate, polydimethylsiloxane, mineral oil, silicon dioxide; hydrophobic substances are lanolin, jojoba oil, vaseline, paraffin oil, beeswax, Adeps Lanae, wool alcohol, acetylated wool alcohol, mineral oil, peru balsam; pH reducing agent is citric acid; disinfectant is phenethyl alcohol, dichlorobenzyl alcohol, Preventol-RB50, propylhydroxybenzoate; Bacteriostatic agent is sorbitan, dichlorobenzyl alcohol, citric acid, propylhydroxybenzoate; Soothing agent is Aloe-Vera-gel, jojoba oil, camomile oil, propylene glycol, allantoin, glycerine, cetyl alcohol, starch; Healing agent is lanolin, Aloe-Vera-gel, paraffin oil, vaseline, ZnO, panthenol, sorbitan monoisostearate, camomile oil, azulene, propylene glycol, allantoin, Adeps Lanae, glycerin, wool alcohols, acetylated wool alcohols, peru balsam, collagen, seaweed extract. USE/ADVANTAGE - The lining layer in contact with the skin contains agents to prevent or alleviate skin irritation and dermatitis (esp. caused by wet skin in contact with urine) in wearers of disposable diapers. (0/0)
Reclamaciones(8)  traducido del alemán
1. Einweg- bzw. Wegwerfwindel, umfassend eine äußere flüssigkeitsundurchlässige Schicht, eine flüssigkeitsabsorbierende Zwischenschicht und ein flüssigkeitsdurchlässiges Futter, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Futter eine oder mehrere Substanzen umfaßt, die aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Gleitmitteln, hydrophoben Substanzen, pH-senkenden Mitteln, Desinfektionsmitteln, bakteriostatischen Mitteln und Substanzen, die Windel-Dermatitis heilen, lindern oder mildern können, gewählt wird. 1. The disposable diaper comprising an outer impermeable layer, a liquid-absorbing intermediate layer, and a liquid permeable lining, characterized in that the lining comprises one or more substances selected from the group consisting of lubricants, hydrophobic substances, pH-lowering agents , disinfectants, bacteriostatic agents and substances that heal diaper dermatitis, alleviate or extenuate, is selected.
2. Einwegwindel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Substanz ein Gleitmittel, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Silikon, Rohvaseline, Sorbitanoleat, Polydimethylsiloxanen, Mineralöl und Siliciumdioxid, ist. 2. The disposable diaper according to claim 1, characterized in that said substance is a lubricant selected from the group consisting of silicone, petrolatum, sorbitan oleate, polydimethylsiloxanes, mineral oil and silica.
3. Einwegwindel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Substanz eine hydrophobe Substanz ist, die aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus hydrophoben Zusammensetzungen, wie Lanolin, Jojobaöl, Paraffinöl, Rohvaseline, Bienenwachs, Adeps Lanae, Wollalkoholen, acetylierten Wollalkoholen, Mineralöl und Perubalsam, gewählt ist. 3. The disposable diaper according to claim 1, characterized in that the substance is a hydrophobic substance selected from the group consisting of hydrophobic compositions such as lanolin, jojoba oil, paraffin oil, petroleum jelly, beeswax, Adeps Lanae, wool alcohols, acetylated wool alcohols, mineral oil, and balsam of Peru is selected.
4. Einwegwindel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Substanz ein pH-senkendes Mittel, nämlich Zitronensäure, ist. 4. The disposable diaper according to claim 1, characterized in that the substance is a pH-lowering agent, namely citric acid.
5. Einwegwindel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Substanz ein Desinfektionsmittel, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Phenethylalkohol, Dichlorbenzylalkohol, Preventol-RB50 und Propylhydroxybenzoat, ist. 5. The disposable diaper according to claim 1, characterized in that the substance is a disinfectant, selected from the group consisting of phenethyl alcohol, dichlorobenzyl alcohol, and propyl is Preventol-RB50.
6. Einwegwindel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Substanz ein bakteriostatisches Mittel, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Sorbitan, Dichlorbenzylalkohol, Zitronensäure und Propylhydroxybenzoat, ist. 6. The disposable diaper according to claim 1, characterized in that the substance is a bacteriostatic agent selected from the group consisting of sorbitan, dichlorobenzyl alcohol, citric acid and propyl hydroxybenzoate is.
7. Einwegwindel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Substanz eine mildernde Substanz, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Aloe-Vera-Gel, Jojobaöl, Kamillenöl, Propylenglykol, Allantoin, Glycerin, Cetylalkohol und Stärke, ist. 7. The disposable diaper according to claim 1, characterized in that the substance is an attenuating substance selected from the group consisting of aloe vera gel, jojoba oil, chamomile oil, propylene glycol, allantoin, glycerin, cetyl alcohol and starch.
8. Einwegwindel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Substanz ein wundheilendes oder linderndes Mittel, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Lanolin, Aloe-Vera-Gel, Paraffinöl, Rohvaseline, Zinkoxid, Panthenol, Sorbitan, Monoisostearat, Kamillenöl, Azulen, Propylenglykol, Allantoin, Adeps Lanae, Glycerin, Wollalkoholen, acetylierten Wollalkoholen, Perubalsam, Collagen und Meeresalgenextrakten, ist. 8. The disposable diaper according to claim 1, characterized in that the substance is a wound healing or soothing agent selected from the group consisting of lanolin, aloe vera gel, paraffin oil, petrolatum, zinc oxide, panthenol, sorbitan monoisostearate, chamomile oil, azulene, propylene glycol, allantoin, adeps Lanae, glycerol, wool alcohols, acetylated wool alcohols, balsam of Peru, collagen and seaweed extracts is.
Descripción  traducido del alemán

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft Einweg- bzw. Wegwerfwindeln. The present invention relates to one-way or disposable diapers. Speziell betrifft die vorliegende Erfindung solche Windeln, in denen die mit der Haut in Kontakt befindliche Schicht (im weiteren als "Futter" bezeichnet) eine Hautschutzsubstanz oder eine Substanz umfaßt, mit der Windel-Dermatitis behandelt, dh geheilt, gelindert oder gemildert werden kann. Specifically, the present invention relates to those diapers, in both belonging to the skin-contacting layer (referred to as "food") is a skin protective substance or a substance comprising treating the diaper dermatitis, ie it can be healed, alleviated or mitigated. Windel-Dermatitis (auch bekannt als "Windelausschlag") ist eine Hautreizung, die durch Hautnässe, verursacht in erster Linie durch Urin, hervorgerufen wird. Diaper dermatitis (also known as "diaper rash") is a skin irritation caused by skin moisture, is caused primarily caused by urine.

Einwegwindeln werden auf der ganzen Welt und speziell in den entwickelten Ländern häufig verwendet. Disposable diapers are widely used throughout the world and especially in the developed countries. Eine Einwegwindel umfaßt eine äußere flüssigkeitsundurchlässige Schicht, ein flüssigkeitsdurchlässiges Futter und eine flüssigkeitsabsorbierende Zwischenschicht. A disposable diaper includes an outer liquid-impermeable layer, a liquid permeable lining and a liquid absorbing layer intermediate. Wie bekannt ist, führt die Verwendung von solchen Windeln regelmäßig zu Windel-Dermatitis. As is known, the use of such diapers regularly leads to diaper dermatitis.

Einer der Hauptfaktoren, die zu Windel-Dermatitis führen, ist Hautnässe, die durch Urin, der an der Haut eingeschlossen ist, entsteht, was deren Reibungskoeffizienten erhöht und zu einem erhöhten Abrieb und einer Beschädigung durch Reibungswunden führt. One of the main factors that lead to diaper dermatitis, skin is wet, which is caused by urine, which is included in the skin, which increases the coefficient of friction and leads to increased abrasion and damage due to friction wounds. Nasse Haut hat auch eine höhere Durchlässigkeit, die ein Durchdringen von reizenden Substanzen erleichtert und zum Wachstum von Mikroorganismen darauf führt. Wet skin has a higher permeability, which leads facilitates penetration of irritants and growth of microorganisms on it. Diese Mikroorganismen umfassen Bakterien, die Ammoniak aus Harnstoff herstellen können, was einen Anstieg des Hautoberflächen-pH-Wertes bewirkt. These microorganisms include bacteria which can produce ammonia from urea, which causes an increase of the skin surface pH value. Ein solcher Anstieg des pH-Wertes hat selbst einen reizenden Effekt auf die Haut und ist folglich ein zusätzlicher Faktor bei der Verursachung von Windel-Dermatitis. Such an increase in the pH value itself has a lovely effect on the skin and is therefore an additional factor in the causation of diaper dermatitis.

In erhältlichen Einwegwindeln ist die Hautnässe verringert durch den Einschluß einer hochabsorbierenden Zwischenschicht in den Windeln. In available disposable diapers skin moisture is reduced by the inclusion of a highly absorbent intermediate layer in diapers. Eine solche Schicht umfaßt im allgemeinen ein Zellulosematerial, gegebenenfalls in Kombination mit superabsorbierenden Polymeren (SAP), die aus einem quervernetzten Natriumpolyacrylat hergestellt sind, das die Fähigkeit zur Absorption von einem Vielfachen seines Eigengewichts an Flüssigkeit hat. Such a layer is generally comprised of a cellulosic material, optionally in combination with superabsorbent polymers (SAP), which are made of a cross-linked sodium polyacrylate, which has the ability to absorb several times its own weight in liquid. SAP, das ein Pulvermaterial ist, und das dem zwischenliegenden absorbierenden Kern (der Zwischenschicht) zugegeben wird, weist auch eine gewisse pH-Pufferkapazität auf und verhindert dadurch einen unkontrollierten Anstieg des pH-Wertes. SAP, which is a powder material, and the intermediate absorbent core (the intermediate layer) is added, also has a certain pH-buffering capacity and thereby prevents an uncontrolled increase of the pH value. Da jedoch das SAP nicht in Kontakt mit der Haut steht, ist die Pufferung nicht immer ausreichend, um einen Anstieg des Haut-pH-Wertes zu verhindern. However, because the SAP is not in contact with the skin, the buffering is not always sufficient to prevent an increase in skin pH.

Die heute zur Verfügung stehenden Möglichkeiten zur Verringerung von Windel-Dermatitis sind deshalb nicht immer zufriedenstellend und bessere und effizientere Mittel sind wünschenswert. The currently available options for reducing diaper dermatitis are therefore not always satisfactory and better and more efficient means are desirable.

Daher ist es die Aufgabe der vorliegenden Erfindung, eine verbesserte Einwegwindel zur Verfügung zu stellen, die das Auftreten und die Schwere von Windel-Dermatitis im Vergleich mit den Einwegwindeln des Standes der Technik verringert. Therefore, it is the object of the present invention to provide an improved disposable diaper are available which reduce the incidence and severity of diaper dermatitis in comparison with the disposable diapers of the prior art.

Insbesondere ist es die Aufgabe der vorliegenden Erfindung, eine Einwegwindel zur Verfügung zu stellen, in der das flüssigkeitsdurchlässige Futter eine Substanz umfaßt, die das Auftreten von Windel-Dermatitis verhindern oder verringern kann. In particular, it is the object of the present invention to provide a disposable diaper available in which the feed comprises a liquid-permeable substance that can prevent or reduce the occurrence of diaper dermatitis.

Die Erfindung basiert auf einem neuen Konzept in Einklang, mit dem Windel-Dermatis gelindert wird und deren Auftreten erheblich verringert wird durch Ausstatten des Futters mit einer Hautschutzsubstanz oder einer Substanz, die solche Hautverletzungen behandeln können. The invention is based on a new concept in line is alleviated with the Diaper Dermatis and their occurrence is significantly reduced by providing the food with a skin protective substance or a substance that can treat such skin lesions.

Demgemäß stellt die vorliegende Erfindung eine Einwegwindel zur Verfügung, die eine äußere flüssigkeitsundurchlässige Schicht, eine flüssigkeitsabsorbierende Zwischenschicht und ein flüssigkeitsdurchlässiges Futter umfaßt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Futter eine oder mehrere Substanzen umfaßt, die aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Gleitmitteln, hydrophoben Substanzen, pH-senkenden Mitteln, Desinfektionsmitteln, bakteriostatischen Mitteln und Substanzen gewählt sind, die Windel-Dermatitis heilen, lindern oder mildern können. Accordingly, the present invention provides a disposable diaper are available which includes an outer liquid-impermeable layer, a liquid-absorbing intermediate layer, and a liquid permeable lining, characterized in that the lining comprises one or more substances selected from the group consisting of lubricants, hydrophobic substances, pH -senkenden, disinfectants, bacteriostatic agents and substances are chosen heal diaper dermatitis, alleviate or extenuate them.

Die erfindungsgemäßen Einwegwindeln sind sowohl zur Verwendung bei Kindern oder Erwachsenen, die an Harnfluß leiden, gedacht. The disposable diapers invention are both for use in children or adults who suffer from urine flow thought.

Nicht beschränkende Beispiele für die Substanzen werden nachstehend entsprechend ihrer Funktion aufgezählt und umfassen: Non-limiting examples of the substances are listed below according to their function and comprise:
Gleitmittel, wie Silikon, Rohvaseline, Sorbitanoleat, Polydimethylsiloxane, Mineralöl und Siliciumdioxid; Lubricants, such as silicone, petrolatum, sorbitan oleate, polydimethylsiloxanes, mineral oil and silicon dioxide;
hydrophobe Substanzen, wie Lanolin, Jojobaöl, Paraffinöl, Rohvaseline, Bienenwachs, Adeps Lanae, Wollalkohole, acetylierte Wollalkohole, Mineralöl und Perubalsam; hydrophobic substances, such as lanolin, jojoba oil, paraffin oil, petroleum jelly, beeswax, Adeps Lanae, wool alcohols, acetylated wool alcohols, balsam of Peru and mineral oil;
ein pH-senkendes Mittel, wie Zitronensäure; a pH-lowering agent, such as citric acid;
desinfizierende Mittel, wie Phenethylalkohol, Dichlorbenzylalkohol, Preventol-RB50 und Propylhydroxybenzoat; disinfectants, such as phenethyl alcohol, dichlorobenzylalcohol, Preventol RB50 and propyl;
bakteriostatische Mittel, wie Sorbitan, Dichlorbenzylalkohol, Zitronensäure und Propylhydroxybenzoat; bacteriostatic agents such as sorbitan, dichlorobenzyl alcohol, citric acid and propyl hydroxybenzoate;
Hautausschlag mildernde Substanzen, wie Aloe-Vera-Gel, Jojobaöl, Kamille, Propylenglykol, Allantoin, Glycerin, Cetylalkohol und Stärke; Rash mitigating substances, such as aloe vera gel, jojoba oil, chamomile, propylene glycol, allantoin, glycerin, cetyl alcohol and starch;
Hautausschlag heilende und lindernde Mittel, wie Lanolin, Aloe-Vera-Gel, Paraffinöl, Rohvaseline, Zinkoxid, Panthenol, Sorbitan, Monoisostearat, Kamille, Azulen, Propylenglykol, Allantoin, Adeps Lanae, Glycerin, Wollalkohole, acetylierte Wollalkohole, Perubalsam, Collagen und Meeresalgenextrakte; Rash healing and soothing agents such as lanolin, aloe vera gel, paraffin oil, petrolatum, zinc oxide, panthenol, sorbitan, monoisostearate, chamomile, azulene, propylene glycol, allantoin, adeps Lanae, glycerol, wool alcohols, acetylated wool alcohols, balsam of Peru, collagen and seaweed extracts ;
und andere Materialien mit ähnlichen Eigenschaften wie den obengenannten. and other materials having properties similar to the above.

Die Substanzen können im Futter in verschiedenen Formen enthalten sein. The substances may be present in the feed in various forms. Beispielsweise können sie auf das Futter aufgebracht werden, oder dem Futter in Form einer Heilsalbe, einer Salbe, einer Flüssigkeit, einer Creme oder einem Gel, zugegeben werden und im allgemeinen in jeder für sich bekannten Form, die geeignet ist für eine derartige Anwendung. For example, they can be applied to the feed, or to the feed in the form of a salve, an ointment, a liquid, a cream or a gel added, and in general in any per se known shape, which is suitable for such an application.

Die Substanzen können in das Ausgangsfuttermaterial eingebracht werden, insbesondere vor dessen Verwendung in der Herstellung von Windeln. The substances may be introduced into the starting material feed, in particular prior to its use in the manufacture of diapers. Alternativ können die Substanzen nach der Herstellung der Windeln in das Futter eingebracht werden. Alternatively, the substances can be introduced into the feed after the production of diapers. Das Einbringen kann beispielsweise durchgeführt werden durch Sprühen, Walzenüberziehen, Stempeln oder Drucken. The introduction may for example be done by spraying, roller coating, stamping or printing.

In den erfindungsgemäßen Windeln können die Substanzen in der gesamten Oberfläche des Futters oder nur in einem Teil davon eingebracht sein, einschließlich speziell dem Schrittbereich und einigen anderen Hautbereichen, die zur Entwicklung von Haut-Dermatitis neigen. In diapers according to the invention, the substances in the entire surface of the chuck or in a part may be incorporated thereof, including especially the crotch region and some other areas of the skin that are prone to the development of skin rash.

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Clasificaciones
Clasificación internacionalA61L15/50, A61L15/46, A61F13/15
Clasificación cooperativaA61L15/46, A61F2013/51059, A61F2013/51066, A61F13/8405, A61F2013/51073, A61L2300/216, A61L2300/404, A61L2300/30, A61F2013/8411, A61F2013/51061, A61F2013/8414, A61L15/50, A61F13/51113
Clasificación europeaA61L15/46, A61L15/50, A61F13/511, A61F13/84B
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
9 Nov 19958139Disposal/non-payment of the annual fee