|Número de publicación||EP0727964 A1|
|Tipo de publicación||Solicitud|
|Número de solicitud||EP19940902263|
|Número de PCT||PCT/US1993/011094|
|Fecha de publicación||28 Ago 1996|
|Fecha de presentación||16 Nov 1993|
|Fecha de prioridad||16 Nov 1993|
|También publicado como||EP0727964A4|
|Número de publicación||1994902263, 94902263, 94902263.6, EP 0727964 A1, EP 0727964A1, EP-A1-0727964, EP0727964 A1, EP0727964A1, EP19940902263, EP94902263, PCT/1993/11094, PCT/US/1993/011094, PCT/US/1993/11094, PCT/US/93/011094, PCT/US/93/11094, PCT/US1993/011094, PCT/US1993/11094, PCT/US1993011094, PCT/US199311094, PCT/US93/011094, PCT/US93/11094, PCT/US93011094, PCT/US9311094|
|Inventores||Dallas W. Anderson|
|Solicitante||Premier Laser Systems, Inc.|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (3), Otras citas (1), Clasificaciones (3), Eventos legales (6)|
|Enlaces externos: Espacenet, Registro europeo de patentes|
APPARATUS FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY HOLDING AND SEALING TISSUE
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to a method and apparatus for sealing incisions on skin or other organ surfaces by drawing and holding the edges of the incision in tight proximity to form a seam while directing thermal energy onto the seam to denature the protein substance therein.
Optical energy transformed to thermal energy has been used to convert biological tissue into a denatured proteinaceous substance for facilitating healing and wound closure. This healing technique is referred to generally as laser tissue welding. Examples of such laser tissue welding methods are described in U.S. Patent No. 's 4,672,969, 4,854,320, 5,002,051, and 5,140,984. These methods deliver optical energy to tightly approximated tissue in the vicinity of a wound. This application of thermal energy results in the denaturation of tissue protein including collagen, with disruption of the cell walls which allows the intra- and intercellular fluids to mix. Additional heat further denatures this protein soup which binds together creating something akin to a "biological glue".
In many prior methods of optical energy wound closure, thermal energy is delivered through an optical fiber to the tissue being reconstructed. Typically, one end of the fiber is connected to a laser that supplies optical energy to the wound site. Another end of the fiber is typically spaced a predetermined distance from the tissue, the distance depending on the tissue type. A foot pedal or hand held device activates and deactivates the laser. The parameters such as intensity and duration of the optical energy are controlled so that substantially all of the tissue being heated is raised to a predetermined non-destructive temperature. The minimum predetermined temperature is one at which tissue is converted to a denatured proteinaceous substance. The maximum predetermined temperature is one at which water in the tissue boils.
Critical to tissue welding methods is the necessity to place edges of tissue being repaired in tight approximation. Placing the tissue edges in close or tight proximity allows the denatured tissue constituents to form an intercellular matrix resulting in tissue fusion. Certain skin tissue types require precision when applying the optical energy to seal the edges. A drawback to a current skin tissue welding procedures is that to ensure precision, the optical energy must be applied slowly and carefully thereby increasing the application time.
Another drawback to a laser tissue welding procedure is that when closing an incision, the laser tissue welding surgery can be unnecessarily tedious as the surgeon welds at successive points along the incision. This welding process is complicated because the distal end of the optical fiber that directs the energy for the welding must be placed a predetermined distance to the tissue being reconstructed or the area being reconstructed. If the distal end of the fiber is not at the predetermined distance from the area being sealed or reconstructed, the tissue temperature would be heated outside the aforementioned predetermined temperature range for proper tissue fusion. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
An object of this invention is to provide an improved method and apparatus for reconstructing tissue.
Another object of this invention is to provide an apparatus through which laser welding energy passes and is directed at the tissue that is to be sealed or fused.
It is also an object of this invention to place a device adjacent to the tissue to cause the formation of a proteinaceous framework for denatured protein in the vicinity of biological tissue to seal tissue with greater efficiency and less time.
It is another object of this invention to reconstruct tissue that have incisions or lesions by placing an apparatus above the surface of the tissue and by delivering energy to areas along the incision seam.
It is further an object of this invention to reconstruct tissue with any energy source, such as an ultrasonic or thermal source, while maintaining at all times proper distance between a media delivering the energy to the tissue itself so that the final temperature of the tissue may be precisely maintained. It is an additional object of this invention to seal an incision in tissue by moving edges of the incision in tight approximation to form a seam and maintaining the edges in alignment while heating the tissue along the seam. These and other objects are providing with an apparatus for sealing tissue having a first elongated member pivotally engaging a second elongated member to form a clamp that opens and closes. The members have an edge with a surface adapted to grasp tissue and pull the edges of the tissue into close approximation to form a seam when the clamp closes. An energy source provides energy which is capable of heating the tissue to form an adhesive proteinaceous substance. The source is optically coupled to a layer of material that is supported by at least one of the members and that is transmissive to the energy that heats tissue. A delivering device directs energy from the source through the layer of material or through portholes that allow the energy source to be recessed from the tissue at the tissue seam when the edges are pulled into close or tight approximation. The layer of material has a thickness that maintains a predetermined distance between the directing device and the tissue seam when energy from the source is directed at the tissue.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Figs. 1 and 2 are perspective views of the apparatus for simultaneously sealing and holding tissue, where Fig. 1 is a view of the apparatus holding tissue, and where Fig. 2 is a view of the apparatus prior to grasping the tissue;
Fig. 3 is a front sectioned view along line 3-3 of Fig. 1, and
Fig. 4 is a top view of the apparatus shown in Fig. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Referring to Figs. 1-2, there is shown an apparatus 10 for tissue welding having an energy source 12 optically connected to a proximal end of a delivery device 14. A distal end of delivery device 14 is connected to clamp 16. Clamp 16 engages with tissue 18 to pull edges 20 and 22 of lesion or incision 24 together in tight contact to form a seam 26. Once engaged, optical energy from source 12 is fed through device 14 and clamp 16 to seam 26. The optical energy is applied with sufficient amplitude and duration to heat tissue 18 to an adhesive proteinaceous substance to seal the seam 26.
Referring to Figs. 1-4, clamp 16 includes a first elongated member 28 pivotally connected with rod 30 to second elongated member 32. A spring (not shown) may be attached to rod 30 and members 28 and 32 to close clamp. First and second elongated members 28 and 32 have edges 34 and 36 respectively which engage the surface of tissue 18. Edges 34 and 36 extend parallel to each other and seam 26. Connected to one end of members 28 and 32 are handles 40 and 42 which permit a user to rotate members 28 and 32 on rod 30. Connected to and extending parallel to rod 30 between members 28 and 32 is transmissive material 44. Material 44 is transparent to energy being emitted through delivery device 14 to seal seam 26. Material 44 has two functions. First when edges 20 and 22 are pulled in tight contact, the tissue 18 contacts material 44 and its edges are held in alignment. Thus material 44 prevents tissue edges 20 and 22 from becoming overly everted or inverted. Second, Material 44 maintains the proper . spacing between the distal end of device 14 and the surface of tissue 18. By maintaining the proper spacing, the tissue 18 is precisely heated to a predetermined temperature range bounded by a minimum temperature at which tissue denatures, and a maximum temperature at which water in tissue boils.
The preferred thickness of the transmissive material when the tissue 18 is skin is summarized in the following Table I. These parameters are by no means all exclusive; it is envisioned that other parameters can be used with modifications and it is intended that this table be exemplary of a preferred embodiment only.
TABLE I LASER PARAMETERS FOR SKIH TISSUE
Tissue Material Spot Size Range of Exposure Approx. Thickness Thickness Diameter Power Duration Tissue Final (mm) (mm) (with 400 μ. (Uatts) On/Off Energy Trans- fiber) ferred J/CM2
.925-1.14 mm 1.65-1.85 1.0 sec/ 13.31
Rather than directing energy through material 44, delivery device 14 may optionally direct energy through a porthole 52 (FIG. 3) in material 44 that allows the distal end of device 14 to be recessed from tissue 18. In another embodiment, delivery device 14 can be positioned in material 44 to directly contact tissue 18.
Energy s'virce 12 is preferably a Laser energy source emittir... coherent light energy from about 1.2 to 1.4 micrometers. Energy source 12 is preferably enabled and disabled by a foot activator 50 or a switch (not shown) positioned on handle 40 or 42.
The distal end of delivery device 14 is positioned between material 44 and rod 30. The delivery device 14 which source 12 is connected, is preferably a fiber optic cable which is capable of side firing at its distal end (See Fig. 4). Although a side firing optic cable is shown as delivery device 14, cables which have end firing may be used as well.
During operation of apparatus 10, clamp 16 is positioned over incision 24 so that delivery device 14 distal end aligns with the incision 24. Once in position, handles 40 and 42 are rotated by the user so that edges of members 28 and 32 engage the surface of tissue 18. Handles 40 and 42 continue to be rotated to draw tissue edges 20 and 22 in tight proximity and in contact with material 44.
Once tissue edges 20 and 22 are in tight proximity and in contact with material 44, foot activator 50 is depressed to enable source 12. Thermal energy from source 12 is delivered through device 14, material 44 to seam 26 of tissue 18. Device 14 preferably delivers energy through material 44 and along the entire length of seam 26.
Alternately device 14 delivers thermal energy to a portion of seam 25 and then clamp 16 is opened, moved to a new location over seam 26. Once positioned over the new location, the clamp 16 would be closed to tightly approximate the edges 20 and 22 of the tissue 18 at the new location, and then thermal energy would be delivered to the new seam 26 location to seal the incision 24.
The thermal energy from source is delivered with sufficient amplitude and duration to heat tissue 18 to a predetermined non-destructive temperature range. This range is bounded by a minimum rate at which tissue forms a denatured proteinaceous substance and a maximum rate at which water in tissue boils. The preferred maximum temperature at which the tissue 18 is heated is slightly less than the temperature tissue shrinkage occurs.
Once the tissue 18 has been heated to the predetermined non-destructive temperature range, the foot activator 50 would be depressed to disable energy source 12. Handles 40 and 42 would then pivot members 28 and 32 to open clamp 16 and release tissue 18. This concludes the description of the preferred embodiments. A reading by those skilled in the art will bring to mind various changes without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. It is intended, however, that the invention only be limited by the following appended claims.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|EP0480293A1 *||1 Oct 1991||15 Abr 1992||LaserSurge, Inc.||Clamp for approximating tissue sections|
|US4597379 *||30 Mar 1983||1 Jul 1986||Cabot Medical Corporation||Method of coagulating muscle tissue|
|WO1994008526A1 *||14 Oct 1993||28 Abr 1994||Premier Laser Systems, Inc.||Clamp and method for applying thermal energy|
|1||*||See also references of WO9513747A1|
|28 Ago 1996||AK||Designated contracting states:|
Kind code of ref document: A1
Designated state(s): AT CH DE ES FR GB IT LI
|28 Ago 1996||17P||Request for examination filed|
Effective date: 19960613
|16 Jun 1999||A4||Despatch of supplementary search report|
Effective date: 19990504
|16 Jun 1999||AK||Designated contracting states:|
Kind code of ref document: A4
Designated state(s): AT CH DE ES FR GB IT LI
|6 Mar 2002||17Q||First examination report|
Effective date: 20010418
|3 Jul 2002||18D||Deemed to be withdrawn|
Effective date: 20010829