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Número de publicaciónEP2524663 A1
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudEP20120168223
Fecha de publicación21 Nov 2012
Fecha de presentación16 May 2012
Fecha de prioridad16 May 2011
También publicado comoEP2524663B1, US9265568, US20120296239
Número de publicación12168223, 12168223.1, 2012168223, EP 2524663 A1, EP 2524663A1, EP-A1-2524663, EP12168223, EP20120168223, EP2524663 A1, EP2524663A1
InventoresBoris Chernov, Igoris Misuchenko, Georgy Martsinovskiy, Mikhail Verbitsky
SolicitanteTyco Healthcare Group, LP
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos:  Espacenet, Registro europeo de patentes
Electrosurgical instrument with jaws and with means for imparting mechanical perturbations to a jaw
EP 2524663 A1
Resumen
An end effector assembly (300) for use with an electrosurgical instrument is provided. The end effector assembly includes a pair of opposing jaw members (310, 320) configured to grasp tissue (301) therebetween, at least one jaw member adapted to connect to a source of electrosurgical energy (500) to seal tissue disposed between jaw members during a sealing process. At least one of the jaw members includes an activator (305) configured to selectively impart mechanical perturbations to the at least one jaw member during the sealing process.
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Reclamaciones(14)
  1. An end effector assembly for use with an instrument for sealing tissue, the end effector assembly comprising:
    a pair of opposing jaw members configured to grasp tissue therebetween, at least one jaw member adapted to connect to a source of electrosurgical energy to seal tissue disposed between jaw members during a sealing process; and
    an activator coupled to at least one jaw member and configured to selectively impart mechanical perturbations to the at least one jaw member during the sealing process.
  2. The end effector assembly of claim 1, wherein the activator provides a shearing force caused by the forward and/or backward movement of the at least one jaw member along a longitudinal axis defined therethrough.
  3. The end effector assembly of claim 1 or 2, wherein the activator is a transducer that provides ultrasound to impart mechanical perturbations to the at least one jaw member during the sealing process.
  4. The end effector assembly of claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the activator is magnetically coupled to the at least one jaw member.
  5. The end effector assembly of claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the activator is mechanically coupled to the at least one jaw member.
  6. An electrosurgical instrument, comprising:
    at least one shaft that supports an end effector assembly at a distal end thereof, the end effector assembly including a pair of opposing jaw members, at least one of the jaw members moveable relative to the other for grasping tissue therebetween, at least one of the jaw members adapted to connect to a source of electrosurgical energy to seal tissue disposed between jaw members during a sealing process; and
    an activator coupled to at least one jaw member and configured to selectively impart mechanical perturbations to the at least one jaw member during the sealing process
  7. The electrosurgical instrument of claim 6, wherein the activator provides a shearing force caused by the forward and/or backward movement of the at least one jaw member along a longitudinal axis defined therethrough.
  8. The electrosurgical instrument of claim 6 or 7, wherein the activator is a transducer that provides ultrasound to impart mechanical perturbations to the at least one jaw member during the sealing process.
  9. The electrosurgical instrument of claim 6, 7 or 8, further comprising an actuator that is coupled to the activator.
  10. The electrosurgical instrument of claim 9, wherein the actuator is a motor.
  11. The electrosurgical instrument of claim 9, wherein the actuator is an electromagnet.
  12. The electrosurgical instrument of claim 9, 10 or 11, wherein the actuator is mechanically coupled to the activator.
  13. The electrosurgical instrument of claim 9, 10 or 11, wherein the actuator is magnetically coupled to the activator.
  14. The electrosurgical instrument of claim 9, 10 or 11, wherein the actuator is electrically coupled to the activator.
Descripción
    BACKGROUND 1. Technical Field
  • [0001]
    The present disclosure relates to electrosurgical instruments used for open and endoscopic surgical procedures for sealing or fusing tissue. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to a bipolar forceps for sealing vessels, vascular tissues and soft tissues by applying mechanical vibrations and/or acoustic vibrations to destroy vessel walls and facilitate extraction of collagen and elastin during an electrosurgical procedure.
  • 2. Background of the Related Art
  • [0002]
    Open or endoscopic electrosurgical forceps utilize both mechanical clamping action and electrical energy to effect hemostasis. The electrode of each opposing jaw member is charged to a different electric potential such that when the jaw members grasp tissue, electrical energy can be selectively transferred through the tissue. A surgeon can cauterize, coagulate/desiccate and/or simply reduce or slow bleeding, by controlling the intensity, frequency and duration of the electrosurgical energy applied between the electrodes and through the tissue.
  • [0003]
    Certain surgical procedures require more than simply cauterizing tissue and rely on the combination of clamping pressure, electrosurgical energy and gap distance to "seal" tissue, vessels and certain vascular bundles. More particularly, vessel sealing or tissue sealing utilizes a unique combination of radiofrequency (RF) energy, clamping pressure and precise control of gap distance (i.e., distance between opposing jaw members when closed about tissue) to effectively seal or fuse tissue between two opposing jaw members or sealing plates. Vessel or tissue sealing is more than "cauterization", which involves the use of heat to destroy tissue (also called "diathermy" or "electrodiathermy"). Vessel sealing is also more than "coagulation", which is the process of desiccating tissue wherein the tissue cells are ruptured and dried. "Vessel sealing" is defined as the process of liquefying the collagen, elastin and ground substances in the tissue so that the tissue reforms into a fused mass with significantly-reduced demarcation between the opposing tissue structures.
  • [0004]
    Energy based vessel sealing consists of a few steps. During a vessel sealing procedure, opposing vessel walls are moved closer together. Then, the inner layer of the vessel walls that normally prevent adhesion of the vessel walls are destroyed. Elastin and collagen are released, mixed and exposed to energy to seal the vessel. Moving the vessel walls together, destruction of the inner layer of the vessel walls and releasing and mixing of collagen are traditionally achieved by pressurizing vessels between jaws. Destruction of the inner layer of the vessel wall requires application of a significant amount of force. If the vessel is located in a relatively thick layer of the tissue, the significant amount of force may damage and even break the upper tissue layers before sealing is completed.
  • SUMMARY
  • [0005]
    In an embodiment of the present disclosure, an end effector assembly is provided. The end effector assembly includes a pair of opposing jaw members configured to grasp tissue therebetween, at least one jaw member adapted to connect to a source of electrosurgical energy to effectively seal tissue disposed between jaw members during a sealing process. At least one of the jaw members includes an activator configured to selectively impart mechanical perturbations to the at least one jaw member during the sealing process.
  • [0006]
    In another embodiment of the present disclosure, an electrosurgical instrument for sealing tissue is provided. The electrosurgical instrument may include at least one shaft that supports an end effector assembly at a distal end thereof, the end effector assembly including a pair of opposing jaw members, at least one of the jaw members moveable relative to the other for grasping tissue therebetween, at least one of the jaw members adapted to connect to a source of electrosurgical energy to effectively seal tissue disposed between jaw members during a sealing process. At least one of the jaw members includes an activator configured to selectively impart mechanical perturbations to the at least one jaw member during the sealing process.
  • [0007]
    In yet another embodiment of the present disclosure, a method for sealing tissue using an end effector assembly having a pair of opposing jaw members wherein at least one jaw member has a member configured to impart mechanical perturbations to the at least one jaw member is provided. The method includes grasping tissue between the pair of opposing jaw members, activating the activator to move the at least one jaw member and applying electrosurgical energy to seal the tissue disposed between the jaw members. Activating the activator may cause the at lest one jaw member to move along a longitudinal axis defined therethrough. Activating the activator may cause the activator to provide ultrasound to the at least one jaw member causing periodic movement of the at last one jaw member.
  • [0008]
    The activator may provide a shearing force caused by the forward and/or backward movement of the at least one jaw member along a longitudinal axis. Alternatively, the activator may be a transducer that provides ultrasound to impart mechanical perturbations to the at least one jaw member.
  • [0009]
    The jaw members may relatively move/vibrate backwards and forwards along a longitudinal axis thereof. The backwards and forwards movement may be periodic. The backwards and forwards movement may be at an ultrasound frequency.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0010]
    Objects and features of the presently disclosed systems and methods will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art when descriptions of various embodiments thereof are read with reference to the accompanying drawings, of which:
  • [0011]
    Fig. 1 is a right, perspective view of an endoscopic bipolar forceps having a housing, a shaft and a pair of jaw members affixed to a distal end thereof, the jaw members including an electrode assembly disposed therebetween;
  • [0012]
    Fig. 2 is a left, perspective view of an open bipolar forceps showing a pair of first and second shafts each having a jaw member affixed to a distal end thereof with an electrode assembly disposed therebetween;
  • [0013]
    Fig. 3 is a schematic view of an end effector assembly having a pair of jaw members according to an embodiment of the present disclosure; and
  • [0014]
    Fig. 4 is a schematic view of an end effector assembly having a pair of jaw members according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0015]
    Particular embodiments of the present disclosure are described hereinbelow with reference to the accompanying drawings; however, the disclosed embodiments are merely examples of the disclosure and may be embodied in various forms. Well-known functions or constructions are not described to avoid obscuring the present disclosure in unnecessary detail. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a basis for the claims and as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present disclosure in virtually any appropriately detailed structure. Like reference numerals may refer to similar or identical elements throughout the description of the figures.
  • [0016]
    Electromagnetic energy is generally classified by increasing frequency or decreasing wavelength into radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays and gamma-rays. As used herein, the term "microwave" generally refers to electromagnetic waves in the frequency range of 300 megahertz (MHz) (3 x 108 cycles/second) to 300 gigahertz (GHz) (3 x 1011 cycles/second). As used herein, the term "RF" generally refers to electromagnetic waves having a lower frequency than microwaves. As used herein, the term "ultrasound" generally refers to cyclic sound pressure with a frequency greater than the upper limit of human hearing. The terms "tissue" and "vessel" may be used interchangeably since it is believed that the present disclosure may be employed to seal and cut tissue or seal and cut vessels utilizing the same principles described herein.
  • [0017]
    As will be described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying figures, the present disclosure is directed to the use mechanical or acoustic vibrations to destroy vessel walls and intensify release of collagen and elastin.
  • [0018]
    Referring now to Figs. 1 and 2, Fig. 1 depicts a bipolar forceps 10 for use in connection with endoscopic surgical procedures and Fig. 2 depicts an open forceps 100 contemplated for use in connection with traditional open surgical procedures. For the purposes herein, either an endoscopic instrument or an open instrument may be utilized with the electrode assembly described herein. Different electrical and mechanical connections and considerations may apply to each particular type of instrument; however, the aspects with respect to the electrode assembly and its operating characteristics remain generally consistent with respect to both the open or endoscopic designs.
  • [0019]
    Fig. 1 shows a bipolar forceps 10 for use with various endoscopic surgical procedures and generally includes a housing 20, a handle assembly 30, a rotating assembly 80, a knife actuator 70 and an electrode assembly 105 having opposing jaw members 110 and 120 that mutually cooperate to grasp, seal and divide tubular vessels and vascular tissue. The jaw members 110 and 120 are connected about pivot pin 19, which allows the jaw members 110 and 120 to pivot relative to one another from the first to second positions for treating tissue. More particularly, forceps 10 includes a shaft 12 that has a distal end 16 configured to mechanically engage the electrode assembly 105 and a proximal end 14 that mechanically engages the housing 20. The shaft 12 may include one or more suitable mechanically-engaging components that are designed to securely receive and engage the electrode assembly 105 such that the jaw members 110 and 120 are pivotable relative to one another to engage and grasp tissue therebetween.
  • [0020]
    The proximal end 14 of shaft 12 mechanically engages the rotating assembly 80 to facilitate rotation of the electrode assembly 105. In the drawings and in the descriptions that follow, the term "proximal", as is traditional, will refer to the end of the forceps 10 that is closer to the user, while the term "distal" will refer to the end that is further from the user. Details relating to the mechanically cooperating components of the shaft 12 and the rotating assembly 80 are described in commonly-owned U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 10/460,926 , now U.S. Patent No. 7,156,846 , entitled "VESSEL SEALER AND DIVIDER FOR USE WITH SMALL TROCARS AND CANNULAS" filed on June 13,2003.
  • [0021]
    Handle assembly 30 includes a fixed handle 50 and a movable handle 40. Fixed handle 50 is integrally associated with housing 20 and handle 40 is movable relative to fixed handle 50 to actuate the opposing jaw members 110 and 120 of the electrode assembly 105 as explained in more detail below. Movable handle 40 and knife actuator 70 are of unitary construction and are operatively connected to the housing 20 and the fixed handle 50 during the assembly process. Housing 20 is constructed from two component halves 20a and 20b that are assembled about the proximal end 14 of shaft 12 during assembly. Switch assembly 200 is configured to selectively provide electrical energy to the electrode assembly 105.
  • [0022]
    As mentioned above, electrode assembly 105 is attached to the distal end 16 of shaft 12 and includes the opposing jaw members 110 and 120. Movable handle 40 of handle assembly 30 imparts movement of the jaw members 110 and 120 from an open position wherein the jaw members 110 and 120 are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another, to a clamping or closed position wherein the jaw members 110 and 120 cooperate to grasp tissue therebetween.
  • [0023]
    Referring now to Fig. 2, an open forceps 100 includes a pair of elongated shaft portions 112a and 112b each having a proximal end 114a and 114b, respectively, and a distal end 116a and 116b, respectively. The forceps 100 includes jaw members 120 and 110 that attach to distal ends 116a and 116b of shafts 112a and 112b, respectively. The jaw members 110 and 120 are connected about pivot pin 119 that allows the jaw members 110 and 120 to pivot relative to one another from the first to second positions for treating tissue. The electrode assembly 105 is connected to opposing jaw members 110 and 120 and may include electrical connections through or around the pivot pin 119. Examples of various electrical connections to the jaw members are shown in commonly-owned U.S. Patent Application Serial Nos. 10/474,170 , 10/284,562 10/472,295 , 10/116,944 and 10/179,863 , now U.S. Patent Nos. 7,582,087 , 7,267,677 , 7,101,372 , 7,083,618 and 7,101,371 respectively,.
  • [0024]
    Each shaft 112a and 112b includes a handle 117a and 117b disposed at the proximal end 114a and 114b thereof that each define a finger hole 118a and 118b, respectively, therethrough for receiving a finger of the user. As can be appreciated, finger holes 118a and 118b facilitate movement of the shafts 112a and 112b relative to one another, which, in turn, pivot the jaw members 110 and 120 from the open position wherein the jaw members 110 and 120 are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another to the clamping or closed position wherein the jaw members 110 and 120 cooperate to grasp tissue therebetween. A ratchet 130 may be included for selectively locking the jaw members 110 and 120 relative to one another at various positions during pivoting.
  • [0025]
    More particularly, the ratchet 130 includes a first mechanical interface 130a associated with shaft 112a and a second mating mechanical interface 130b associated with shaft 112b. Each position associated with the cooperating ratchet interfaces 130a and 130b holds a specific, i.e., constant, strain energy in the shaft members 112a and 112b, which, in turn, transmits a specific closing force to the jaw members 110 and 120. The ratchet 130 may include graduations or other visual markings that enable the user to easily and quickly ascertain and control the amount of closure force desired between the jaw members 110 and 120.
  • [0026]
    As best seen in Fig. 2, forceps 100 also includes an electrical interface or plug 200 that connects the forceps 100 to a source of electrosurgical energy, e.g., an electrosurgical generator similar to generator 500 shown in Fig. 1. Plug 202 includes at least two prong members 202a and 202b that are dimensioned to mechanically and electrically connect the forceps 100 to the electrosurgical generator 500 (See Fig. 1). An electrical cable 210 extends from the plug 202 and securely connects the cable 210 to the forceps 100. Cable 210 is internally divided within the shaft 112b to transmit electrosurgical energy through various electrical feed paths to the electrode assembly 105.
  • [0027]
    One of the shafts, e.g. 112b, includes a proximal shaft connector/flange 140 that is designed to connect the forceps 100 to the source of electrosurgical energy such as electrosurgical generator 500. More particularly, flange 140 mechanically secures electrosurgical cable 210 to the forceps 100 such that the user may selectively apply electrosurgical energy as needed.
  • [0028]
    Referring to Fig. 3, an end effector assembly according to an embodiment of the present disclosure is shown generally as end effector 300. End effector assembly 300 is substantially similar to electrode assembly 105 shown at the distal end of forceps 10 and/or forceps 100. End effector assembly 300 includes an upper jaw member 310 and lower jaw member 320. Jaw members 310 and 320 are used to grasp vessel 301 therebetween. Jaw members 310 and 320 may include one or more electrodes (not shown) to provide RF energy to vessel 301 to seal vessel 301.
  • [0029]
    As shown in Fig. 3, jaw member 310 includes an activator 305 that imparts mechanical perturbations to jaw member 310. Activator 305 may be mechanically or magnetically coupled to jaw member 310. For example, activator 305 may have an adhesive applied thereon before inserted into jaw member 310 or activator 305 may be soldered onto jaw member 310. Additionally, activator 305 may have a mechanical interface, e.g., a notch or protrusion that cooperates with a corresponding mechanical interface in jaw member 310. Although not shown, activator 305 may also be included in jaw member 320 or both jaw members 310 and 320. Activator 305 provides forward and/or backward movement of jaw member 310 along a longitudinal axis "A" defined therethrough relative to jaw member 320 (see arrow "X" on Fig. 3). The forward and/or backward movements of jaw members 310 and 320 relative to each other deforms vessel 301 due to compressing and shearing forces. The application of the compressing and shearing forces leads to the destruction of inner layer 302 of vessel 301 which releases and mixes elastin and/or collagen during a sealing cycle.
  • [0030]
    The shearing forces are produced by movement of jaw member 310 along longitudinal axis "A". The maximum deformation of inner layer 302 occurs where the curvature of the compressed vessel is at its maximum (307). The shearing forces extend area 307 and accelerate destruction of inner layer 302 as well as accelerating the release of elastin and collagen disposed therein. Additionally, friction between inner walls of vessel 301 created in the tissue by the forward and backward movements of jaw members 320 contributes to the destruction of inner layer 302.
  • [0031]
    Activator 305 may be mechanically, electrically, or magnetically coupled to an actuator 330. Actuator 330 may be a motor, electromagnet or any other device that imparts motion to activator 305, thereby causing activator 305 to move in a longitudinal direction along axis "A". Actuator 330 may be controlled by generator 500 or may be controlled by a user.
  • [0032]
    Generator 500 includes a memory 510 and a processor 520. Memory 510 may store a program or routine for performing a vessel sealing procedure that is executed by processor 520. Generator 500 provides electrosurgical energy to end effector assembly 300 according to the program or routine stored in memory 510. Generator 500 also controls actuator 330 according to a program or routine stored in memory 510. To avoid damaging outer tissue layers before sealing is completed, generator 500 may control actuator 330 to limit the movement of activator 305.
  • [0033]
    Referring to Fig. 4, an end effector assembly according to another embodiment of the present disclosure is shown generally as 400. End effector assembly 400 includes upper jaw member 410 and lower jaw member 420. Upper jaw member 410 includes a transducer 405 that receives electrical energy from energy source 430 and converts the electrical energy into ultrasound to impart mechanical perturbations to jaw member 410. Energy source 430 may be a stand-alone unit, built into the forceps 10 or forceps 100 or may be included in generator 500.
  • [0034]
    Transducer 405 may be mechanically or magnetically coupled to jaw member 410. For example, transducer 405 may have an adhesive applied thereon before inserted into jaw member 410 or transducer 405 may be soldered onto jaw member 410. Additionally, transducer 405 may have a mechanical interface, e.g., a notch or protrusion that cooperates with a corresponding mechanical interface in jaw member 410.
  • [0035]
    Ultrasound provided by transducer 405 causes periodic movement in upper jaw member 410 resulting additional heating and destruction of inner layer 302 of vessel 301. Transducer 405 may be located in upper jaw member 310, lower jaw member 320 or both jaw members.
  • [0036]
    As described above, generator 500 includes a memory 510 and a processor 520. Memory 510 may store a program or routine for performing a vessel sealing procedure that is executed by processor 520. Generator 500 provides electrosurgical energy to end effector assembly 400 according to the program or routine stored in memory 510. Generator 500 also controls energy source 430 according to a program or routine stored in memory 510. To avoid damaging outer tissue layers before sealing is completed, generator 500 may control energy source 430 to limit the amplitude of periodic movements of transducer 405.
  • [0037]
    While several embodiments of the disclosure have been shown in the drawings and/or discussed herein, it is not intended that the disclosure be limited thereto, as it is intended that the disclosure be as broad in scope as the art will allow and that the specification be read likewise. Therefore, the above description should not be construed as limiting, but merely as exemplifications of particular embodiments. The claims can encompass embodiments in hardware, software, or a combination thereof. Those skilled in the art will envision other modifications within the scope and spirit of the claims appended hereto.
Citas de patentes
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