US 1075914 A
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A. M. HOES.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 17, 1913.
1,0759%. Patented 0Gt.14r,1913.
4 SHEETSSHBIJ T 1.
WITNESSES INVENTOR Alberies Marion Hoes I I BY 1;
' MEI M ATTORNEYS cnLuMBn PLANOGRAPH 410-. WASHINGTON. D. c.
A. M. HOES.
APPLICATION FILED PEB.17, 191s 4 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
W/TNE88E8 I'IWEIVTOR j Alberies MQYIOT? Hoes By W ATTORNEYS COLUMBIA PLANOGRAFH c0..\vAsH|No'roN. D. c.
Patented Oct. 14, 1913.
A. M. HOES.
APPLICATION FILED PEB.17, 191s.
Patented Oct. 14, 1913.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 4.
\ In I mu' uummmm Albertes Marion Hoes 4770H/VEYS ALBERTES MARION HOES, 0F Gil-AND ISLAND, NEBRASKA.
Application filed February 17, 1913.
Specification of Letters Patent.
a new and Improved Look, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention comprehends new and useful improvements in locks, and relates more particularly to those of a type commonly designated as double-door locks.
The primary object of the invention is to provide a lock of this nature, which is an improvement on the invention forming the subject of Patent No. 966,208, granted to me August 2, 1910.
In addition to the objects stated in my prior patent, the invention aims to provide a lock which will be less complicated, and easier to make from cast or malleable iron; and to provide a lock the actuating elements of which shall have ample leve age to enable a child to operate the same.
The invention also aims to provide means whereby the bolts carried by the master door may be locked in their extended or retracted positions by the same mechanism, said bolts also serving to lock the bolts carried by the controlled door in their :rtended positions.
The invention. aims toward a general improvement over my original lock, particularly in the manner in which the bolts are locked in position and in many minor details of construction.
Another object of the invention is to pr vide a lock which shall be cheap to manufacture, durable, easily applied and operated, and which may be applied to doors which swing both ways.
lVith these and other objects in view, as 3 will become more apparent as the description proceeds, the invention consists in certain novel features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts as shall be hereinafter fully described and claimed F or a complete understanding of my invention reference is to be had to the follow ing description and accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of the meeting edges of the doors,
the locks being shown in elevation with their Patented Oct. 14,1913.
Serial No. 748,854.
bolts retracted; Fig. 2 is a similar view, showing the bolts extended and locked in said extended position; Fig. 3 shows the bolts carried by the master door locked in their retracted positions, and the bolts carried by the controlled door in their extended l positions, but not lock d; Fig. 4 is an elevation of the mechanism carried by the master door, showing the bolts in their retracted positions and the locking mechanism therefor disengaged from the slide plate, where by the bolts are free to move outwardly; l 5 is a detailed view of the boltlocking mechanisms carried by the master and the controlled doors; Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken on the plane of line 6-6 of Fig. 5; Figs. 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 are detailed views of parts to be hereinafter fully described.
In the following description and accompanying drawings, similar parts will be re ferred to and designated by like reference characters.
Referring to the drawings by numerals, designates bolts arranged to enter a lock casing 6 in the path of the latch heads 7 when in looking position, and thereby prevent the withdrawal of the upper and lower bolts 8 and 9. The locking mechanism contained in the casing 10 1 term the master lock, and the door 11 in which said casing 10 is mounted is styled by me the master door. The bolts 5 are provided with longitudinally-extending shanks 12, which slide through the guides 13 formed integrally with the casing 10 and cover plate 13, a section of which is shown in Fig. 11. These guides 13 are formed in sections, said sec tions being carried by the casing 10 and the cover plates 13 respectively. Spiral springs 14: encircle the shanks 12, and by bearing against the inner ends of the bolts 5 and the guides 13, tend to hold said bolts normally in their extended positions. he leads of the bolts 5 are rectangular and eX- tend through openings provided in the plate 153. The bolts are limited in their forward throw and retracted therefrom by lugs 16, which bear against the downturned ends 17, which are formed upon the yoke ends of a slide plate 19. The slide plate 19 is guided, by a recess 20 formed in the rear extension thereof to surround the barrel of a rollback 21 and a projection 21 carried by the casing plate 13. The roll-back is formed with pivotal extensions 22 which are extended through the sides of the casing, and which are to be rotated therein. To rotate the roll-back there is provided a squared hole 23, through which is extended the squared shank 24, upon the ends of which are secured door knobs. Extending from the side of the roll-back 21 is a segmental extension 25, having slightly curved ends which engage the overturned ends 26 of the slide plate 19. It will be noted that these overturned ends have outwardly-inclined inner walls, whereby the extension 25 will work freely thereagainst, when it is rotated, in order to draw the slide plate 19 inwardly. -When the shank 24 is rotated, the extension 25 of the roll-back will contact with one of the overturned ends 26 of the slide plat 19, whereby the latter will be drawn inwardly, carrying with it the bolts 5 and compressing the springs 14.
The foregoing described parts of my improved lock are essentially similar to the corresponding parts disclosed in my former patent, above referred to, the only changes being in the form of the guides 13, the slightly curving ends of the extension 25 and the provision of a projection 21 upon one side of the casing 10.
The plate 19 may be freely moved to withdraw the bolts 5, in the manner stated, until prevented by the interposition of the sliding stops 27 and 28. Each of said stops is provided with a laterally extending projection 29, having an inclined front edge. The steps are reduced in thickness at their inner ends by cutting away portions from the under side thereof, and each of said re duced portions is provided with a pivot lug 30, which lugs fit within openings formed in the ends of the pivoted link 31. This link is centrally apertured for the reception of a pivot lug 32 formed upon one side of the casing 10. A, locking lever is pivotally connected at one end to the sliding stop 28 and is provided upon one edge with the notches 34. A fiat metal spring 35 is se cured at one of its ends to the pivoted lever 33 and bears at its other end against the lug 36 carried by the sliding stop 28, said stop being recessed upon one edge as shown at 37. The sliding stop 27 is curved rearwarclly at its inner end and has formed thereon the rib 38 which is adapted for engagement within either of the notches 34. The spring 35 tends to normally hold one of the notches in the pivoted lever 33 against the rib 38 whereby the sliding stops 27 and 28 are held against movement.
As shown in Fig. 1, the bolts 5 are retracted, and the sliding stops are extended so as to cause their projections 29 to engage the ends of the slidin )late 19. thus we- D venting a forward movement of said plate, whereby the bolts 5 are held against outward movement. In order to withdraw the sliding stops from engagement with the ends 17 of the sliding plate 19, a suitable key is inserted within the key hole 39 and turned so as to engage the inner wall of the recess 37 and at the same time force the pivoted lever 33 from engagement with the rib 38. A further movement of the key will cause the sliding stop 28, and also the sliding stop 27, because of the pivoted link 31, to move inwardly. The walls of the innermost notch 34 of the pivoted lever 33 will engage the rib 38 and lock the sliding stops, as clearly shown in Fig. 4. If it is desired to lock the sliding bolts 5 in their retracted positions, the sliding stops are moved outwardly into engagement with the lugs 16, as clearly shown in Fig. 1.
The bolts 5 are rounded on their forward ends to ride easily over the forward edge of the casing 6, which is provided with the bolt holes 41. The casing 6 contains the mechanism for operating the bolts 8 and 9. These bolts project into keepers 42 and are mean ed in the box casings 43, which are provided with perforations through which the shanks 44 protrude. These shanks are encircled by spiral springs 45 which normally hold the bolts 8 and 9 in their full out vard position. The bolts are retracted from the outward extension by draw rods 46, connected at their outer ends to the bolts, as shown in the drawings and having their inner ends threaded. The threaded inner end of each of the draw rods 46 projects through the end of a yoke 47 and is held therein by means of a nut 48. This construction permits the throw of the bolts 8, 9, to be adjusted. The inner end of each yoke is connected by a rod 49, said rod being held within a slot 50 formed in each of the latch heads 7. This construction permits the yokes 47 to be easily disconnected from the latch heads. The quadrants 51 are pivoted at 52 and are each provided with gear pivots 53 which mesh with the teeth 54 formed upon a sliding plunger This plunger is provided upon each end wi h a longitudinal projection and is centrally apertured as shown in the drawing. Guide lugs 56 are formed upon one side of the casin 6 and limit the movement of the plunger in one direction. The rear projection formed upon the sliding plunger 55 works through an opening in the rear of the casing. A roll-back 57 having the curved projection 59 is mounted upon and rotated by a square shank 60. The roll-back may be rotated so as to cause either of the shoulders 61 to engage the plunger 55 and carry it rearwardly, in which position one of the teeth 62 will engage one of the recesses 63 formed in the projection 59, and cause the plunger 55 to be drawn farther rearwardly. Vhen shank 0 is released, springs +15 return it to place.
In order to lock the sliding plunger in its backward position, I provide the sliding stop G l having the laterally extending projection and the recess 66. A pivoted locking lever 67, having one of its edges notched, as at 68, is pivotally connected to the sliding stop (it and carries a spring 69, which tends to normally hold the walls of one of the notches 68 in engagement with a lug 0, formed u pon one side of the casing 6. This lug serves as a guide for the sliding stop 64 and also, by engaging one of the notches 68, locks the stop against movement.
hen desired to have the push door open, it is necessary to rotate square shank 60, bringing plunger 55 rearward, drawing bolts 8 and 9 from their keepers; a suitable key is inserted in the opening 71 and turned so as to swing the locking lever 67 away from engagement with the lug T0 and then further rotated so as to slide the stop 6% upwardly, which movement will bring the projection 65 in the path of the forward end of the plunger 55. Figs. 1 and. 2 show the plunger 55 in its locked and unlocked posi tions respectively. When the plunger 55 is in its locked position it is only necessary to again insert the key into the opening 71 and turn said key in the opposite direction to release the locking lever 6? from the lug and slide the projection 65 out of the path of the plunger. The inwardly projecting flanges 72 guard the interior of the casing 6 and prevent foreign substances finding their way therein. The lugs 73 act as guides for the sliding steps 27 and 28.
It is thought that the foregoing description, in connection with the accompanying drawings will suffice to a clear understanding of the construction of my improved lock, the operation of which is as follows: The controlling door carrying the bolts 8 and 9 is first brought to a closed position, in doing which said bolts override the outer plates of the keepers 42. dropping into said keepers. Because of the manner in which the bolts 8 and 9 are connected to the latch heads 7 the movement just described does not affect the mechanism carried within the casing 6. The draw rods 46 work within the yokes 4-7, which in turn have a limited movement within the slots 50. The controlled door being thus adjusted, the master door 11 is closed. In doing this the bolts 5 strike upon the forward edge 4-0 of the casing 6, ride thereover, and project through the openings 41. At the time of the insertion of the bolts 5, the latch heads 7 of the quadrants 51 are in the position shown in Fig. 2, and it will be seen that the bolts 8 and 9 may not be withdrawn from engagement with the keepers 42. It is to be run derstood that before the bolts 5 may assume the extended positions shown in Fig. 2, the sliding stops 27 and 28 must be disposed in their innermost positions as shown in Fig. 1. In order to lock the sliding bolts 5 in their outermost position, as shown in Fig. 2, a key is inserted in the opening 39 and turned, as heretofore described, whereby the sliding stops 27 and 28 will be projected in the path of the lug 16 carried upon said bolts. If it is desired to lock the sliding belts in their retracted positions, the sliding stops 27 and 28 are drawn inwardly, the roll-back 21 turned so as to cause the sliding plate 19 to draw the bolts 5 inwardly, and then the sliding stops 2? and 28 are again forced outwardly in front of the downturned ends 17 of the sliding plate. It may be thus seen that the bolts 8 and 9 carby the controlled door can be locked in their extended positions independently of the sliding bolts 5. The sliding bolts 5 may be locked in their retracted positions, or may be left so as to move freely by actuating the roll-back 21.
It will be readily appreciated that the different parts of my double door lock may be used independently of each. other, that is to say, the master door mechanism may be employed upon a single swinging door. and the mechanism carried by the controllml door may also be used independently of the first mentioned mechanism.
Having thus described my invention, what. I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A door lock comprising a casing, pivoted bolt levers mounted within said casing, a sliding plunger for operating said levers, bolts connected to said levers, a sliding stop plate having a lateral projection formed their-eon, means for moving said stop plate so as to bri g the lateral projection into the path of the plunger wherelrv the same held against movement, a pivoted spring pressed locking lever carried upon said stop plate, said lever being formed with a plurality of notches in one edge thereof and a lug carried by said casing for engagement with the walls of said notches, substantially as described.
2. A double door lock comprising a plurality of lock casings, having alined edge openings, a pin 'ality of bolt levers mounted. within one of said casings and movable therein, locking bolts connected with said levers. means for actuating said bolt levers, a plurality of spring actuated bolts mounted in the other of said casings and adapted to project in the path of said locking levers to prevent the movement of the same. sliding stop plates positioned within said second mentioned casing, a pivotal link connecting said sliding stop plates, means for actuating said stop plates whereby said spring operated bolts may be held in their retracted or projected positions, and means for looking said stop plates.
3. A door lock comprising a casing, spring pressed bolts positioned in said casing and adapted to be projected forwardly beyond one edge thereof, inwardly projecting lugs formed upon said bolts, means engaging said lugs whereby the bolts may be drawn inwardly against the tension of their springs, sliding stop plates, a link pivotally connecting said plates, means lfor moving the stop plates in the path of said first mentioned means whereby the bolts may be held in their retracted positions, said sliding plates being also adapted for engagement with said lugs to hold the bolts in their extended positions, and a pivoted locking lever carried upon one of said stop plates and adapted for engagement with the other of said plates whereby they may be held in locked position.
4:. A door lock comprising a casing, spring pressed bolts mounted within said casing and adapted to be projected forwardly beyond the same, inwardly projecting lugs formed upon said bolts, a sliding plate having downturned ends, engaging the forward edges of said lugs, means for actuating said sliding plate whereby the bolts may be drawn inwardly, sliding stop plates, a link pivotally connecting said plates, a pivoted locking lever having notches formed in one edge thereof, pivotally secured to one of said stop plates, a rib warried upon the other of said stop plates for engagement with the notches formed in the locking lever, means for normally hold ing the locking lever in engagement with said rib, and means for simultaneously dis engaging said locking lever from said rib and actuating said sliding stops whereby the same may be projected into the path of said sliding plate and inwardly projecting lugs, for the purpose of locking said belts in their extended or retracted positions.
A double door lock comprising a plurality of lock casings, having alined edge openings, pivoted bolt actuating levers mounted within one of said casings, means for actuating said levers, means whereby said first mentioned means may be held against movement; slidin bolts positioned in the other of said casings and adapted to be projected within the first mentioned casing, and means for locking said last mentioned bolts in their projected or retracted positions.
6. A double door lock comprising a centrally located bolt manipulating mecha nism. a bolt protruding from the edge of the door at a point removed from said inanipul.at ing mechanism, a sliding draw rod connected at one end to said bolt, a yoke carried upon the other end of said draw rod,
a pin connecting the ends of said yoke, said pin being adapted to be received within a slot formed in said bolt manipulating mechanism, and means for holding said bolt in the extended position.
7. A door lock comprising a plurality of lock casings having alined edge openings, a plurality of bolt levers mounted in one of said casings and rockable therein, locking bolts connected with the said levers, means for moving said bolt levers, a plurality of spring acted slide bolts mounted in the other of said casings, adapted tobe projected in the path of said lovers to prevent movement thereof, a retracting device for said bolts, a roll-back for said retracting device, and a sliding stop movable to two positions of engagement with the retracting device to lock 1 1e bolt either retracted or projected.
8. In a look, a plurality of slide bolts, a retracting slide for the bolts, having two arms to respectively engage the bolts, slid ing stops movable in a direction transecting the path of movement of the retracting slide, and adapted to engage the arms of the slide in either of two positions to lock the bolts retracted or projected.
9. A double door lock comprising a plurality of lock casings having alined edge openings, a plurality of bolt levers mounted in one of said casings and rockable therein, looking bolts connected with said levers, means including a roll-back for rocking said levers, a plurality of slide bolts in the other of said casings adapted to be projected in the path of said levers to prevent movement of the levers, and means for locking the roll-back of the lever rocking means.
10. A double door lock, comprising a plurality of lock casings having alined edge openings, a bolt lever mounted in one of the casings and roclrable therein, a locking bolt connected with said lever, means including a roll-back for rocking said lever, a slide bolt in the other of said casings adapted to be projected in the path of said lever to prevent movement of the latter, and means for locking the roll-back of the lever-rocking means.
11. In bolt and locking mechanism for double doors, the combination of a vertically movable door bolt, mating lock elements on edge portions of the doors, the elements on one door comprising a slide bolt and the elements on the other door comprising a movable lever having operative connection with the door bolt, means to lock the lever against movement, and means to project the slide bolt in the path of the lever of the door bolt.
12. In bolt and locking mechanism for double doors, the combination of a door bolt, means on one door for actuating the door bolt, a slide bolt on the other door name to this specification in the presence of adalpted to be projected into engagement two subscribing Witnesses. witi the saic actnatin means, anc means on the first mentioned d oor and independent ALBERTES MARION HOES' of the slide bolt for locking the actuating Witnesses: means of the door bolt against movement. A. J. GUENDEL,
In testimony whereof I have signed my F. J. CLEARY.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. Washington, I). 0.