US 1633070 A
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'June 21, 1927;
I 1,633,070 F. H. CRUMP v TEMPORARY BINDER Filed July 3. 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 gwomtoa v fie/wk H.Ceur1P June 21 1927. Y F. H. CRUMP TEMPORARY BINDER Filed July 13.1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 i Y lTi. Ir. I. I i 1 i 21...; I 1 1' \I i. 1 u \N \N m I 0 I: .i...i l. ..l..||......! ill- I Patented June 21, 1927 PATENT OFFICE.
Application filed Jul 13,
My invention relates to temporary binders for magazines, catalogues and similar publications having flexible covers, and a purpose of my invention is the provision of a temporary binder which is capable of securely holding magazines and similar publications of various thicknesses and forms of binding such as center or side wire stitch, sewed or. otherwise held together.
.It-is also. a purpose. of my inventionto' provide. a temporary binder in which the cover thereof is made without reference to the magazine retaining means, and the latter formed separately and subsequently secured to the cover.
A further purposeof my invention is the provisionof a. temporary. binder in'which the magazine retaining means is adapted for use upon any sizecover', thereby sim'plifyingv the. construction and reducing the cost of manufacture of the binder as a whole.
. I will describe only one form of temporary binder embodying. my; invention, and will then point out thenovelfeatures thereof in claims. I i
In. the drawings: I
Figure. 1 is a. viewshowing in. perspective one. form of temporary binder embodying my invention;
Figure 2 'sadetailperspectiveview of one of the holding brackets embbdied. in. the binder shown in Figure 1 I V Figure 3 isacentral longitudinal sectional View of the binder.
Figures; at and. 5 are. sectiona1sviews 1 taken onv the lines. 1 and .5.5. offFigii-re gd; U
Figure; 6. is. a- View similarf to Figure. 5,- showing another: adaptation ofimy, invention.
Similar reference characters refer to. sun-- ilarparts in'each of the severalxview'si.
Referring specifically tot-he drawings myinvention in itspresent embodiment asshown in Figure 1 comprises a cover includinga front section: 15 and a back section 16 hingedly connected to a central portion by a binding materiallS, thiszmaterialbe ing. also employed to retain a back member. 19 formed of wood or other suitable matee rial to the-backportion 17. V
Adjacent to; the ends "of the back member. 19. are secured by meansof" screws orother suitable-fastening membersa: pair of bold ing brackets--H,-each of which, as clearlyshown in Figure 2, is constructed from 'a st-ripof metal-or'other suitable materialbent 1926. Serial No. 122,236.
to provide a flat base portion 20 secured to the back member 19 and an upstanding por-' tion 21' of rectangular out-line. The inner wall of the portion 21 is formed with perforations 22, while the outer wall thereof operates'as an abutment for limiting the lon- I gitudinal movement of a fastening member F inserted into the perforations 22, as illustrated in Figure 1'. In. this figure the arrangement of the holding brackets H is disclosed and it: will be noted that the perforatedlwalls. oftheportions 21 are in confronting-relation with respect'to each other.
in order that the perforations thereof may receive. the opposite ends. of the fastening member F. 2 7
'lhe'fastening member F comprises in the present instance a single length of resilient. 'WlI'G Oli'tL length exceeding thedistance between the perforated walls. of the portions 21. of the brackets I-I so that in applyingthe member to the brackets it is necessary to bow the member, as indicatcd indotand dash lines in Figure? in order to place theends. of the member within the perforations'22 As shown in Figure 1 the back member 19 is provided with three clampin brackets C, all of which are substantially o identical construction'so that a description of onewill sufiice' for all. 'Each bracket'is formed ofv lightweight spring steel or. other. suitable material; which is more. or less flexible to allow for easy spreadmgxthereof to permit the. insert oniof a magazine therein and yet jenoughit'o act asa clamp to restrain the magazine against turning movement beneath the fastening member F. Eachclamping bracket is made from a single piece of spring steel or the like, and is. constructed to' provide. a flat base-'28 which is securedlto the back member 19. Upstanding; from the fiat base are a pair: of jaws 24 curved inwardly towards their free. edges. and then flared outwardly at their. free edges in orderto facilitate the insertion ofmagazineswitl'i in i the brackets, as" will be'understood; The
threebrackets are arranged" in longitudinal alinementonthe back member, with the two end, brackets secured to the back member by. having their flat port-ions23 interposed between the. back member. andtheflat per tionsi20o f the brackets H; The intermediate bracket; C'is directly secured to the back member by screws 25;
In practice, the ma .azine may be secured withinthebinder by 'rst removing the fas tening member F. This may be-acconr plished by flexingthe member to the pos1- mg member can be reapplied so that its encls'are again disposed within the perforations of'the brackets while the intermediate portion extends between the leaves of the magazine. If the magazine is relatively thick, as illustrated in Figure 1, the fastening member is extended into the uppermost sition of the fastenin memberit is disposed below the lipped e ges of the clamping.
brackets so as to retain the magazine within the clamping brackets and to causethelatter to function in restraining the magazine against turning movement beneath the fastening member, whereby the magazine, is securely retained Within the cover while the leaves thereof are free to be turned.
Ifthe magazine is ayrelatively thin one, the fastening member is extended into one ofthe lowermost perforations 22 of the brackets H, as illustrated in F igure5, while if a plurality of relatively thin magazines are secured within! the binder a plurality of fastening members F are employed in the manner illustrated in Figure 6. It is to be noted that the perforations '22 of the brackets H are arranged to forma vertical series and a horizontal series.
zines of the same issues but different dates.
It is also possible to insert two relatively light fastening members F in one perforation which will provide for six issues of the same magazine. V V
A binder constructed in accordance with my invention is very simple in construction, yet capable of securely holding a magazine of any size or thickness and any form of binding in a manner toallow all of the reading matter thereof to be visible at all times.
The cost of manufacture is greatly reduced as compared to other binders,'as any sized binder maybe made by simply sawing the back members to the proper length and con-.
structing the covers as described, theholding and clamping members being readily at tachable to the back member and interchangeablewith respect to a plurality of covers.
Although I have herein shown and described only one form of temporary binder the brackets to restrain the magazine against The vertical series of perforations are designed for holdembodying mylinvention, it is to be understood that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from thespirit of the invention and the leaves of a magazine in a manner to retain openings of the brackets H, and in this pothe latter Within the brackets and to cause turning movement between the fasteningmembers. v 2. In a temporary binder, a cover'having a back member, holding brackets secured to the back member and having confronting walls constructed to provide a'series of vertical perforations and a series of horizontal perforations, elongated resilient fasteningmembers adapted to be flexed to permit the insertion of their ends into the perforations of the brackets and to return to their origi nal form after insertion into theperforations, said brackets being formed with walls to limit the longitudinal movement of the fastening members within the brackets, and adjustable brackets secured to the back member and havingbendable "portions disposed to embrace magazines secured to the back member by said fastening members in a manner to restrain'the magazines against turning movement beneath the fastening members.
"3. A cover havinga back member, brackets secured to the back member and perforated, a resilient fastening member adapted to be flexed for insertion into the perforations of the brackets and adapted to extend from one bracket to the'other and between the leaves of a magazineto retain the; latter on the back member, and otherbrackets secured to'the back member between the first brackets and having bendable portions at oppo site sides of thefastening member adapted to be bent to accommodate and embrace the bound portionsof magazines of respectively different thicknesses, tothereby'restrain the magazine against turning movement be neath the fasteningmember.
4, The binder as embodied in claim 3 wherein thebendableportions comprise a pair of spaced jawsinclined upwardly to- Wards each other to provide fulcrums at their upper endsfor theleaves of a magazine when openand co-acting with the resilient clamping member engaging the magazine temporary binder comprising a at its binding to prevent turning of the magazine in and its removal from the bracket.
5. The binder as embodied in claim 3 wherein the bendable portions comprise'a pair of spaced jaws inclined upwardly towards each other with their free ends flared outwardly from each other to facilitate the insertion of a magazine between the jaws and forming a rounded support for the leaves of the magazine when open.
6. A temporary binder comprising a cover having a back member, brackets secured to the back member and having vertical confronting walls constructed to provide a series of horizontal perforations and a centrally disposed series of vertical perforations above the horizontal series, resilient fastening members adapted to be flexed to permit the insertion of their ends intothe perforations of the brackets and to return to their original form after insertion into the perforations, said lbrackets being formed with walls to limit thelongitudinal movement of the fastening members within the brackets, and other brackets secured to the back member between the first brackets having bendable side walls extending above the uppermost perforation of the vertical series and forming jaws, between which a magazinc or magazines fastened by said members is adapted to be accommodated and embraced, the arrangement of said perforations and said jaws permitting the fastening of magazines of respectively different thicknesses 11 and types of binding and the supporting of the magazines against turning movement in said other brackets.
FRANK H. CRUMP.