|Número de publicación||US1644666 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||11 Oct 1927|
|Fecha de presentación||27 Abr 1927|
|Fecha de prioridad||27 Abr 1927|
|Número de publicación||US 1644666 A, US 1644666A, US-A-1644666, US1644666 A, US1644666A|
|Inventores||Carter Ray L|
|Cesionario original||Carter Ray L|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citada por (10), Clasificaciones (6)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
oct.l 11,- 1921.
R. L. 'CARTER HINGE REcEss Auen Filed April l27. 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 2 sheets-snm 2 R. L. CARTER HINGE RECESS GAUGE Filed April 27, 1927 Oa. l11,1921.
Patented Get. 11,1927. l
- @AY e. CARTER, OFPEOENIX, .NEW YQeK- HINGE-RECESS GAUGE.
Application filed Apri127, 1927. -Sera1,No. 187,035.v
rlhis invention relates to gauges', designed for use by carpenters for locating1andffcut ting the recesses orrsockets,'in which thev leaves of door-butts'may bedis'posed.
The object of the inventionis toprovide a hinge recess gauge or templet, which may be readily applied to door framcs,vas wellV as to the doors, for accurately locating yand gauging the several hinges,the saidf templet being especially adapted forsupportingand guiding -a power-'driven vrouting machine during the cutting of the recesses. A further obJect is to'provide a sectional gauge,
' one section or unit foreach hinge, the said units'be-ing similar .and each being equipped with adjustable means'for laying'outfrecesses of different lengths, `brea'dths and depths, the said units being supported and adjustable towards and from each other, by
means of similar recess-gauging members that overlap each other and' maintain the true alinment of the said units. And ay further object is to provide means for locating and gauging hinge recesses of doors to coinr cide with moldedV recesses of metal frames.
A particular obj ect is to improveand sim# plify the devices lshown and describedinmy United States Patent No. 1,524,234, dated January 25,1925.
The various features and parts of the in= vention will be understood from the detail-ed descriptiorr which follows, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which` Figure l is a top plan view of the complete device. Fig. 2 is an edge view of the same. Fig. 3 is a bottoml plan view of th-e gauge. Fig. 4 is a brokenrear'v edge of a door, with a section of the gauge attached: showing a. motor-driven router in the act-of cutting the top hinge recess. Fig. 5 lis a broken front side elevation of the -door,=and
an edge View of the gauge. Fig.6-is la broken vertical section of a Vdoor\fraIne,"to which the sectionaly gauge' is applied. Figi 7 is a horizontal section, taken on line'T-Y of Fig. 6, showing the top 'endiof the gauge. Fig. 8 is afibroken edge view,.showing\the lower' unit ofpFigl invert-*edand appliedfto the top portion ofthe door. `Figf9-isazcen tral longitudinal lsection; taken substantially Online 9 9 of Fig. 6. ig; l0 is respectively a top and an edge view of onefofthe gauge members. And Fig. 1l isa-cross-section,talren on Eline 11V of Fig. 1.
In the.` drawings, 2 represents thej amb of a doorsfframe, thelintel.` 3 repre# sents` the door. y
My complete hinge recess gauge usually consists of VVthree-sirnilar sections .or units,as
A,.B.and C, whose frames 4 are preferably Vchannelshaped y'and 'iinterchangeable,4 as
shown Vin Figs. 7 i and ,11, and are provided with lrelatively large medial rectangulaiopenings 4', which.alfordjsuitablev range for the length and breadth of the recesses, asa?,
shown in Figs.f6 andS. .Thev frames4 comprise bottomportion's 4F, land/parallel rails 41?, the bottoms'being recessed longitudinally, as aft-4, to receiveadjstable "endsgau'ging members 5,'by which theupperrnostreces'ses of the frame and door'arel spacedfrom the lintel2. vThe severalframes 4 are connected end to end andsuitablyI `spacedfby means' of similar relatively long' fiatI strips of" metal arranged in pairs', as 6;-6, whose correspond'- ing ends kare over-lapped, and 'areprovided with registering,longitudinall'slots, as Gaf-61), by' which the .severalf.units ,maybe movedl towards and from each other for suitably spacing the hinge recesses. Theplates .t5-Q6 are adjustably held together bybolt-s 7, which play ini the slots Gti-6", andalsopass through and are .suitably spaced by similarelongated spring metal parts 7,`the latter preferably being normally curved,` as shown in '9, and'exerting sufficient tension whenstraightcned out against the plates Y6, to p'revent accidental shifting of the parts.` vThe adjustment ofthe plates 6-46 is "maintainedby wing-nuts 7a, and washers 7b. [Thev'plates (li-f6 are substantially'the same breadth as the channels ,of the frames 4,l and therefore tend to preserve Ithe perfect l alinei'nerit of the units, and their free ends .arel mounted upon the bottoms or webs l4', ,to which. theynre adjustably securedy by means of" screwsj?,
ythe latter being threaded intoY the webs', and playing in thel corresponding `slots-6d of the ,platesf The endwise adjustment .O f `tllejplates regulate the, height) orslelgllhf'tlie cesses a2; -Tlie lend units Aand 'C areeach fitted .with similar .s hortl-plates 1 85 'fhav ng slots Gdvin which screws cplayforreride Iig .said -plates adjustaloleI longitudinally 'like pl-atesv-GC Theplates 8 are also provided with longitudinal slots .8, inV which screws 8@ play, said. screws passing through registering Slew-5 *0f the @ed .ge-tlg?? 5., .and baille the fram-es 4 are .units A, B Aand CV are applied to the jamb 2,
the gauges 5' are engaged with the lintel 2, and the free ends ot the screws 9 are brought into engagement with the edge of the liamb (see Figs. 6 and 7), after which the gauge is temporarily secured to thejamb, by means of nails 10, which are carriedv by the plates 6, 6 and 8. The opposite r'ails'4b are `fitted with `guards 12, which are pivoted by screws 12. .These guards arev relatively thin and provide a/slight clearance between the dooiI and rabbeted or removable stops, as 13 (see Figs. 6 and 7 for preventing chating of the face of the door. The guards 12 also serve to properly position thegauge when the latter is applied to the edge ot the door, as best seen in Fig. 5. rIhe corresponding rails of formed with lugs or bosses 14, which are bored out to receive guard members 14', which are applied to the free ends of sections A and C and extend beyond and prevent `iamming or otherwise disturbing the adjustment ot the end-gauging members v5. i The members 5 are preterably graduated in Ainches and fractions there for enabling the operator to accurately adiust the plates .6 and Sto. hinge butts ot different length, as shown in Figs. 1, 8, 6 and 8. The tree ends ot the members 5 are` cut away to provide two gauging surfaces, as o, 5b, by means of which a slight clearance will occur between the top ot the door 3 and the underside of the lintel 2, as will be understood by comparing Figs. 6 and 8.
Where meta-l door frames are employed, it
l' Vis the usual practice of the abricators to mold or 'depress the hinge recesses in the jambs, thereby rendering `it unnecessary for the builder to rout the frame recesses. In order to adapt my recess gauge to metal frames and at theY same time facilitate the accurate locating ot the recesses in the edge of Vthe door, I -provide transversely disposed gauge members 15 arranged in pairs, which are adjustably mounted upon thefacing ends of the ,plates 6, 6 and 8, by means ot' screws 15', which are threaded into the plates and play in slots 15a formed inV said members. The corresponding ends of the members 1o are formed with gauging points 15C. which Vpass through slots 4dnof the rails 4` and said points beingextended (see Figs. 1 and 3) when the gauge is to be applied to metal frames, and in order to order to properly ydetermine the position of the hinge leaves in 15C, after irstbeing adjusted for butts ota given length, areinserted in the molded recesses, and the gauge is then maneuvered until the points or the spaces between them substantially coincide with the said recesses. The gauge is then reversed and applied to the edge of the door, as shown in Figs. 5
and 8, torlocating and routing the opposing recesses. When the gauge is employed in connection with ordinary wooden door fr ames,"tli.e transverse gauges 15 may be shifted laterally .tor disposing the points `15C in the slots 4d, as shown in Figs. 6 and 8.
Any suitable router may be employed it'oi Stl cutting the recesses, and may comprise a motor 16, the latter being' adjustably supported by a base 16', whose plane bottom is adapted to be slidablypropelled over the top faces of the rails 4". A shaft 17 drives the routing tool 18, the tool projecting below a stationary guide 19 .that engages the margins ot the openings 4 of the units. By this arrangement the recesses a@ are smaller than the openings (see Figs. 6 and 8). rIhe facing edges 15d ot' the points 15c define the longitudinal dimension ot the recesses and correspond to the range of the tool, as regulated by the guide 19.
In my former patent, the gauge members 'A-B are shown connected by means of a rod 5 and sleeves 6, said parts being all located at one side of the gauge. This method of connecting and supporting the gauge members has caused considerable trouble and annoyance, because the rods 5, being round and necessarily small in diameter are easily sults in throwing said members out of alinement, and otherwise distorting the device, to an extentthat renders it ditlicult to prop erly apply the gauge to the frames 'and doors, and effect accurate gauging and routing of the recesses. In the present case, the plates 6 6', whichvtake the place of the old rods (5), are operatively fitted into the channels of frames 4, and said parts may be lmoved longitudinally without disturbing the alinement of the Jframes, and when the adjusting screws are tightened, the device will witlistand considerable rough Vhandling and use, without danger ot distorting the device. The relatively broad connecting plates render it impossible to flex the gauge laterally, and since the said plates are reinforced by being overlapped, as well as by the relatively broad seats atforded by the frames 1-,fthere is no danger ot the parts being bent or other- -wise rendered unserviceable.
medial openings after-cling play for a routing tool, plates Varranged in pairs registering with the channels o'tand adjustably-secured to cach member adjacent themedial opening, certain of said plates extending beyond said members being overlapped and slotted for rendering the plates extensible, and means for clamping and preserving the alinement of the plates.
2. In a device Yfor gauging the hinge recesses of doors and door trames, a plural-ity of normallyopen frames, slotted plates extending between and connecting the frames, the corresponding ends oi said plates being adjust-ably secured to the `frames adjacent said openings and being movable longitudinally, the extended portions of said plates being overlapped and being equipped with means for rendering the plates extensible for varying the spacing ci: the frames,'and means engaging said slots for clamping and preserving the yaiinement o'tl the extended portions. y f
3. A device for gauging hinge recesses of doors and door frames, comprising a pluW rality of channel-shaped :trames having cen-` tral openings lali'ording play for routing tools, flat platesl having their corresponding ends slidably mounted in said channel@l the opposite ends ofthe plates being overlapped beyond the frames, means passing through said overlapped portions tor adjusting the frames longitudinally, and means passing through the trames and the corresponding ends ot' the plates for adjusting said ends relatively to the openings 01' the frames.
d. A device for gauging the hinge recesses ot doors and door frames including a plurality of normallyopen sections, 'alining plates arranged in pairs for spacing and conn necting the sections, certa-in of said plates extending beyond the facing ends oi' the sections and overlapping each other, the lapped portions of the plates being 'formed with registering slots, means passing through said slots for adjustably holding the plates together, and the unlapped ends of said plates being adjustably secured to the sections adjacent said openings for gauging the height ot the recesses. y
5. In adevice for gauging hinge recesses ot doors and door frames, a pluralitypf.
elongated channel-shaped frames having openings for the play of a routing tool, plates slidable longitudinally in the channels for gauging the'lieight of the recesses, a number ot said plates extending towards the adjacent frames and being overlapped and slotted longitudinally, means for clamping in the overlapped portions of the plates and for preserving the alinement of the plates, and mea-ns for adjustably securing t-he opposite ends of the plates in said channels.
6. A hinge recess gauge including a plurality of 'members having medial openings altording play for a routing tool, plates for connecting said members end to end, the correspcndingends ot the plates being adjustably secured'to said members and movable towards and from said openings, the opposite ends of the plates extending towards the adjacent members and beinO' overlapped and equipped With means for rendering the plates extensible for varyingthe spacing ot said members, and means for clamping the plates and for preserving the vtrue alinement of the plates and said members. f
7. ln a device for gauging hinge recesses et doors -and door trames, a plurality of nor# mally open frames, alining plates :t'or spacing the frames, said plates extending beyond the facing ends of the frames and overlapping eachother, the lapped portions of the plates being formed vWith registering slots, Ymeans -passing through said slots for adjust-l ably holding the plates together, the unlapped ends et the plates being adjustably secured to the trames adjacent said openings for gauging the height of the recesses, means 'i'or gauging the breadth of the recesses', and means for gauging the adjusted extremities of the device. i
8. ln a device for gauging hinge recesses of doors'and door` frames, a 'plurality `of elongated trames having openings foi-.the play of' a routing tool, lplatesfor spacing the frames, the portions Vof said platesexl tending between the frames being overlapped ancl slotted longitudinally. bolts playing in said slots for clamping and maintaining the adjustment of the plates and frames, means for vadjustably securing the unlapped ends of the plates to thel frames, and graduated members adjustably mounted at the extremities of the device for spacing the uppermost recesses from the lintel of the door frame. l
9. In a hinge recess gauge, a plurality of members having openings atfording play for a routing tool, plates for connecting and spacing said members longitudinally, said plates 4being adjustable relatively to the members, said plates extending beyond the members, means for maintaining the adjustment of said members, short plates mounted at the extremities of the device cooperating with the y longer plates for gauging the height of the recesses, and means for guarding the said extremities.
l0. In a device for gauging the hinge. recess-es ot' doors and door frames. a plurality ot frames arranged for the play of a routing tool, Hat metal strips for connecting said trames substantially end to end, the portions of the strips extending beyond the adjacent trames being overlapped for rendering the device extensible longitudinally,v the frames at the extremities of the device vbeing equipped with end-gauging means adjustl HO llo
ably secured to the lshort plates, and means carried by each frame for gauging the breadth of therecesses.
11. In a device Vfor gauging hinge recesses of doors and door frames, a plurality of norA mally open members, elongated slotted plates for gauging a number of recesses spacing said members, the corresponding ends oi' said plates beingioverlapped andv adapted to be moved longitudinally for varying the f of doors and door-frames, a plurality of f frames adapted to guide a routing tool, flat plates of dierent lengths supporting the frames, the longer plates projecting beyond the facing ends of the frames and being overlappedfor rendering the plates extensible for varying the spacingof the frames, means for varying the play of the routing tool for cutting recesses of different areas, and means carried by each frame for temporarily securing the device to the door and door frame. Y
13. A hinge recess gauge,y comprising` a plurality of normally open frames, one for each recess,similar flat metal strips for'. connecting and' spacing said frames, said strips being arranged in pairs, the facing ends ol each pair being slidably secured to the corresponding rame adjacent the opening, the strips carried by the facing ends of the frames extending beyond the frames and being overlapped and said overlapped portions being formed with longitudinal slots for rendering the strips extensible, and means engaging the slots of said strips for clamping the strips.
le. A recess gauge for doorhinges, comprising a plurality of normally open frames, one for each recess, similar flat metal strips 'for spacingthe frames, said strips being arranged in pairs, and the facing ends of each pair being secured to the corresponding frame adjacent the opening, end-gauging members adjustably mounted at the extremities of the gauge, transversely movable gauging members mounted on the Vfacing ends of each pair of strips, said members having points adapted to enter and to be adjusted to the height of molderd'recesses of metal door frames for facilitating gauging the corresponding recesses of a door to coincide with the molded recesses, and means for adjustafbly connecting the corresponding strips o the adjacent frames.
In testimony whereof IaHix my signature.-
RAY L. CARTER.
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US2605789 *||6 Feb 1948||5 Ago 1952||Warren B Zern||Work clamp and template holder for hinge seat cutting|
|US2605790 *||26 Jul 1949||5 Ago 1952||Warren B Zern||Adjustable frame and hinge recess locating jig assembly|
|US2660803 *||23 Ene 1952||1 Dic 1953||Brown Jr Caleb Candee||Templet and supporting frame for locating hinge butt recesses in doors and doorframes|
|US2670546 *||19 Abr 1950||2 Mar 1954||Stanley Works||Mortising template|
|US2709855 *||22 May 1952||7 Jun 1955||Graham Percy R||Door and door jam mortising jig|
|US2821028 *||31 Ago 1953||28 Ene 1958||Stanley Works||Mortise template assembly|
|US3024817 *||18 Jul 1960||13 Mar 1962||James Johnson||Attachable fixture for converting a motor powered reciprocating saw into a routing tool|
|US3082800 *||23 Feb 1961||26 Mar 1963||Charles J Soss||Apparatus for installing hinges|
|US5029394 *||21 May 1990||9 Jul 1991||John Carey||Router template assembly for use in hanging different sized doors|
|WO1988010177A1 *||27 Jun 1988||29 Dic 1988||Petherick Bros. Pty. Ltd.||Improved cutting guide|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||144/27, 33/197|
|Clasificación internacional||B27F5/00, B27F5/12|