US 1703509 A
Descripción (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)
Feb. 26, 1929. 1,703,509
. G. M. CHANDLEE v SANITARY RECEPTACLE Filed April 17, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet l lllllllllll III Feb; 26, 1929.
G. M. CHANDLEE SANITARY RECEPTACL'E Filed April 17, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet m X g PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE M. CHANDLER, OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND.
Application filed April 17, 1928.v Serial No. 270,614.
This invention relates to improvements in sanitary receptacles for garbage or waste cans. v
Theobject of the invention is to provide a novel construction of covered receptacle,
which is preferably without a bottom, and
in. which a removable garbage or waste-can or basket may be sustained and the cover of which receptacle may be operated through a novel arrangement of lever mechanism.
Another object is to provide a receptacle in which the can or bucket may be sustained in such a way as to avoid a gap between the upper rim edge of the can or basket and the annular wall of the receptacle so-that material cannot be accidentally spilled and dropped down in the receptacle between the latter and the can or bucket.
With these, and other objects in View, the
, tion being taken on the line 33 of Fig 2.
Fig. 4 shows another vertical sectional elevation through the outer receptacle, with the cover thereof raised, and with the can or bucket lifted slightly from its seat therein.
Fig. 5 illustrates a horizontal cross-sectional detail through the lower portion of the outer receptacle to show the coveractuating means therein,+.the section being taken on the line 55 of Fig.1.
- Fig. 6 shows a vertical sectional detail through the lower portion of the outer receptacle taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 7 illustrates another vertical sectional detail through the upper portion of the receptacle as viewed on the line 7-7 of Fig. 4;, and a Fig. 8 shows a perspective detail of portions of the receptacle wall and cover and the hinge connecting the two.
Referring to the drawings the numeral 10, designates an annular cylindric receptacle having a rolled reenforced lower edge 11.
and an u per edge 12, which is also rolled and reenfdrced by a wire ring 13 as clearly shown in Fig. 8.
Below the wired upper edge 12, the receptacle is provided with an annular inwardlyextending shoulder 14 which in this instance, is formed by rolling an indentation around the receptacle from the outer side.
By preference, this annular inwardlyextending shoulder 14 is spaced below the upper wired edge 11 sufficiently to permit a bucket or can to be pendantly hung therefrom as will presently be more fully explained. I
Between the annular shoulder 14 and the upper wired edge 11, I provide a vertical notch 15 in the receptacle-wall, as best seen in Figs. 7 and 8, but in forming this notch, I do not cut through the wire ring 13 but allow the latter to extend across said notch in order that I may utilize that exposed portion of the ring in the formation of a hinge for a cover.
The cover 16, may be of any preferred shape in so far as its top surface is concerned, but I prefer that it be provided with an annular down-turned rim-flange 17 in order that it may adequately overlap and completely coverthe upper rim-edge 11 of the receptacle when it seats on the latter. 7
The down-turned rim-flange 17 of the cover is provided with a horizontal segmental slot 18 between the top surface of the cover and the extreme rolled edge 19 of the flange, as seen in Fig. 8, and a combined lever and hinge-plate 20, extends through this segment, slot 18. v
This lever hinge-plate 20, is shaped at its inner end to fit the contour of the under side of the cover 16 and, in practice, is welded thereto by slot welds 21, and immediately at the inner side of the cover slot 18, said lever hinge-plate is provided with a crosswise conc-ave bearing-groove 22 which receives the exposed portion of the wire 13 at the ,notch 15 of the receptacle and thus.
The outer end 23 of the lever hinge"- plate 20 is inclined upwardly as it extends from the slot 18 and also has a downwardlyinclined extremity or arm 24 with a perforation 25 therein.
By extending the lever hinge-plate 20 through the segmental slot 15 of the receptac'le and hinging it about the wire 13, I avoid the use of hinge-brackets on either the inner or outer sides of the receptacle and thereby materially simplify and cheapen the struc-- ture and Ifurther provide a hinge with a broad bearing which prevents wobbling or side motion to the cover.
It will be noted by reference to the sectional views in Figs. 3, 4 and 6 that I omit a bottom in the receptacle and avoid the expense incident to the attachment of a bottom, which latter would be useless in the present structure.
Directly beneath the hinge-slot 15, I provide the receptacle near the bottom-edge 11,
the rearare utilized for the operation of a lever device which is to actuate the cover as will now be explained, reference being made to Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 6 of the drawin s.
T311 the inside wall of the receptacle and located at right angles to the two slots 26 and 27, I provide a bearing-bracket 28.
. This bracket, in practice, is attached to said inside wall by spot welds 29, so that it is rigid and permanent and it is grooved at 30, in a horizontal plane.
A treadle-bar or rod of a novel construction is associated with, and has bearing in, the bracket 28 and this bar or rod has an off-set bearing loop or return bend 32 which is pivotally engaged by the bracket while two arms 33 and 34 of the loop extend toward the center of the receptacle where the rod is bent in opposite directions as at 35 and 36-and the portion 36 extends forwardly and projects through the front slot 27 where its extreme end is bent into the form of a foot-treadle loop 37 while the portion 35 extends rearwardly and passes through the rear slot 26 and has its extreme end bent into the form of-an eye 38.
A connecting or link-bar 39 extends from the eye 38 of the treadle-bar up to and engages the perforation 25 in the arm 24 of the hinge-plate 20, so that said hinge-plate is connected to the treadle-rod through the" connecting or link-bar 39.
It will thus be seen that when the treadleloop 37 is depressed, the treadle-bar loop will swing down in the side bearing 28 and the rear end 35 of the treadle-rod and its eye 38 will both swing down, from the position shown in Fig. 3 to the position shown in Fig. 4-. This downward swing of thetreadle-bar will draw connecting or linkbar 39 downwardly and consequently pull the hinge arm 24 down and thus swing the cover 16 up. i
The cover will therefore remain up as long as the'treadle-loop 37 is depressed, but when the latter is released, the cover will swing down by gravity.
A can or bucket 40 is supplied with as a part of the complete device, and in practice, this bucket has a body 41 with straight sides and also has an outwardly-curled upper edge which produces an outwardly-projecting annular shoulder 42.
The bucket is provided wlth a bail 43,-
the pivot-ears 44, for which are. attached to the inner side of the bucket, as shown in Fig. 3 and 4 of the drawing, and the bail is therefore connected to its bucket so that when it is swung down it will lie upon the upper rim-edge of the bucket and on top of the shoulder 42.
When the bucket is inserted in the receptacle, the straight sides or walls thereof will pass down within the inwardly-pro.
jecting shoulder 14 until the bucket-shoulder I 42 enters the receptacle, whereupon the two shoulders 42 and 14 will engage, and the bucket will then pendantly hang on the receptacle-shoulder 14.
I have therefore so spaced the receptacleshoulder 14 from the upper rim-edge 12, Y
as to provide just enough space between said parts to permit the bail 43 and shoulder 42 on the bucket to clear or assume position flush with or slightly below the rim-edge of the receptacle upon which the cover seats.
when itis in the lowered or closed position.
Itwill also be seen that when the bucket is sustained in the receptacle, there is no open space between the rim-edge of the bucket and the inside wall surface of the receptacle for material to pass down between them.
Having described my claim,-
1. A device of the character described, comprising a receptacle having a hinged cover, a treadle-rod"extending through the lower portion of the receptacle said treadlerod having a laterally-extending loop-bend therein and the two ends,of the rod projecting on the outer side of the receptacle, means at the inner side of the receptacle for engaging the loop-bend of the rod and pivotally sustaining the same whereby the rod at each side of the may be rocked while the bend in the loop 1s pivotally held and connections between one end of the rod and the cover for swinging the latter on its hinge.
2. A device of the character described, comprising a receptacle. having vertical slots in its lower portion and a hinged cover at its upper edge, a bearing attached to the inner wall ofthe receptacle at a point substantially at right angles to the said slots,
a treadle-rod extending through the recep-.
tacle with one end extending through one of said slots and the other end thereof progaged by said bearing and a connection between one end of the treadle-rod and the hinged cover.
3. A device of the character described,
comprising a receptacle havin vertical slots in its lower portion at su stantially opposite sides and a hinged cover at its upper edge, a treadle-rod having its two ends extending respectively through said two slots of the receptacle and between its two ends said rods having an off-set returnbend, means for pivotally engaging said olf-set return-bend and means for connecting one end of the treadle-rod with the hinged-cover to operate the latter.
4. A device of the character described comprising a receptacle having a wired up peredge and being provided with a notch in its wall beneath said wired edge leaving the wire extending across said notch, a cover on the receptacle, a hinged-device engaging the under side of the cover and engaging said wire and extending through the notch to the outer side of the receptacle, treadle means in the lower part of the receptacle and lever means on the outer side of the receptacle and connecting the treadle means with the projecting portion of the hinge-' device on the cover.
-5. A device of the character described comprising a receptacle having a wired upper edge and being provided with a notch in its wall beneath said wired edge leaving the wire extending across said notch, a cover on the receptacle and having a down-turned rim-flange said rim-flange being provided with aslot at the outer side of the receptacle-notch, a hinge-plate secured to the un-- der' side of the cover and having a cross- GEORGE M. OHANDLEE.