US 1711149 A
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April 30, 1929. w c, JOSEPH 1,711,149
FASTENING DEVICE FOR FLOOR GOVERINGS Filed March 29, 1927 -fi a Patented Apr. 30, 1929 UNITED STATES 1,711,149 PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM C. JOSEPH, OF FORT WORTH, TEXAS.
FASTENING DEVICE FOR FLOOR COVERINGS.
Application filed March 29,1927.
This invention relates to new and useful imprm ements in fastening devices for floor coverings.
The p *incipal object of the invention is to provide a fastening device for use in connection with concrete or other floors into.
" tages not set forth in the previous application is not primarily an improvement on the aforesaid. invention, but is a companion invention thereto.
An important object of the invention is to provide a fastening device which may be formed so as to be used in buildings already constructed, or which may be formed to be installed in buildings under construction, thus becoming a permanent fixture.
A particular object of the invention is to provide a fastening device for fastening the edges of the floor covering in close contact or relation with the side walls of the room, but permitting the covering to be removed if desired.
Another very important object of the invention is to provide a fastener comprising an over-hanging hook having a down-turned bill in connection with an upwardly directed hump or boss co-acting with the hook to fasten the floor covering in place.
Another object of the invention is to pro vide a fastening device comprising a pair of hooks over-hanging humps thereunder and connected by a bridle bar having a central hump for co-acting with the other humpsfor fastening the floor covering in place.
A construction designed to carry out the invention will be hereinafter described, together with other features of the invention.
The invention will be more readily understood from a reading of the following specification and by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which an example of the invention is shown and wherein:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a fastening device constructed in accordance with my in vention,
Fig. 2 is a sectional detail showing the said fastening device in position for fastening floor coverings in place,
Serial No. 179,220.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the device shownin Fig. l and in position against a wall Fig. 4 is a plan view of another formof fastener,
Fig. 5 is a front elevation of said fastening device, 1,
Fig. 6 is a sectional view showing the device in position and fastening floor coverings 111 place,
form of fastening device, and
Fig. 8 is a front elevation of the same;
In the drawings the numeral 10 designates an rip-right post or support. This post is doubled upon itself at- 11 and has a horizon- 'tal hook 12 directed outwardly therefrom. A
base bar 13 extends outwardly from thebottom'of the post and the hook relatively overhangs this bar. Intermediate the ends of the hook, the base bar is provided with an upwardly bent bossor hump 14.
The book 12 has at its outer end a downward ly bent and inwardly directed bill 15,
which is preferably reduced to a sharp point. will be seen that when the edges of the floor covering A and the padding B are shoved under the bill 15, they will be displaced upwardly by the hump 14, thus causiug the said bill to bite more deeply into the covering A and prevent its out ard displacement. 1 l I The invention in its simplest form may constitute a base bar with ahump and a 1100]; supported relatively above the base bar and having a down-turned bill for engaging in the floor covering and co-acting with the ,r l Fig. 7 is a sectional detail showmganother hump, or it may comprise a post having an outwardly directed hook with a down-turned bill and a suitable member for securing the It would be possibleto ch15 device in place.
plicate this construction and arrange the fas tenings in various manners. In the follow-. ing description, I have pointed out some of the ways in which this may be done. f S
In Figs. 1, 2 and 2 thebaseloars 14 are eictended outwardly beyond the bills 15 of span of spaced hooks 12. The outer ends of the base bars are bent into a bridle bar 16 connecting the same. This bridle bar is bent inwardly and upwardly to form a hump 17 at its center having about the same elevation as the humps let; this, however, is subject to variation,
This hump will support the floor covering between the hooks and assist in causing the bills to engage in said covering; however, the invention is not to be limited either to the use of the bridle bar or a bridle bar having a hump. It Will be seen that the fastening de vice which has been illustrated may be formed from a single piece of wire of suitable mate rial, but I do not Wish to be limited to the manufacture of the fastening device from wire.
This particular form may be used wherever found practical, but particularly where the side walls have been previously constructed. The fastening device is placed with its bars 13 resting upon the floor D and with its posts 10 in contact with the lace of the side wall E. The base board G is then placed with its lower edge resting on the hooksand holding the posts 11 against the wall. By this arrangement, the fastening devices are secured in place and are concealed. The door cover A and padding B are pushed in under "the bills 15 and over the humps 14: and 17, thus being securely fastened.
' In Figs. 4, 5 and G I have shown a form adapted to be embedded in the walls of a new or old building. In this form, the upi' posts 10 are comparatively short and hooks 12 are bent outwardly from hr ends of said posts. Each hook has a. doturned and inwardly directed bill 15. W
all?) base bars 13 have humps is? and connected by a bridle bar 16 having a hump 1.7. From the bottom of each post a shank 18 is directed oppositely from the base bar and is provided with one or more humps or convclutions 19. The shank also includes a return member 20 bent parallel thereto and forming a continuation oi the base bar. This form may also be made from a single piece of wire, as is evident, but do not wish to be limited to such a construction.
In applying the fastener, it is placed upon the floor D with its posts 10 in position to contact with the face of the side wall E, while the parts 18, 19 and 20 of its sh an are lccat to be embedded in the wall B when the same is constructed. The shank could also be used under door sills and in other places, and a could be embedded in an old wall ii the same was dug out to receive the shank and then filled after the fastener had beenplaced in position. A base board (not shown) could be placed over the books 12 or it could be omitted. The manner of attaching the floor covering is the same.
In Figs. 7 and 8 I have shown a device comprising a pair of upright posts 10, each having a hook 12" directed outwardly from its upper end and provided with a downturned bill 15*. A bridle bar 16 is arched between iyiiniae the posts and in this instance forms a shank. The ends of the bar are bent into the lower ends of the posts. It is secured in place like the form shown in Fig. 1.
Various changes in the size and shape of the difi'erent parts, as well as modifications and alterations, may be made Within the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
l. A fastening device for floor coverings comp ising, an upright post, a base member directed outwardly from the base oi the post, hook directed outwardly from the post and spaced above the base member, a down-turned bill on the outer end oi? the hook, a hump in the base member, and a shank extending from the nest oppositely "from the base member and ook.
stoning device for :lloor coverings comprising,a pair or upright posts spaced apart, elevated hooks directed outwardly from the posts and each having a down-turned bill, and a bridle bar connecting the posts,
U. r e for floor coverings coinpr .e .se member, a hook having a down-turned bill and relatively spaced above the base member, a projected retaining member for supporting the heel: above the base member with the bill out oi? contact therewith, and a hump in the base member relatively underlying the hook.
l. A i' ning device for floor coverings comprising a retaining post including parallel members, a. base meiubcr directed outward ly iroin one of said post members, a hook directed ou wardly from the other post member and having a bill supported above the base member, and an upwardly bent portion in the base member cooperating with said bill.
5. In a fastening device :lj'or floor coverings. a pair oi? retaining posts, a pair oi spaced hooks extending outward from said posts and hiring down-turned bills, base members extended from said posts and relatively underlying the hooks, and a hump in each base member.
6. In a fastening device for iioor coverings. a pair of retaining posts, pair of spaced re silicnthooks extending from said posts and having down-tin". ed bills, base members from the posts relatively underlyin the hooks, and an inwardly extending bridle bar connecting the base members intermediate the bills and posts.
In testimony whereof I aflii: my signature.
WILLIAM C. JOSEPH.
all of said pa