US 1839073 A
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Decf29, 1931. KP WRlGHT 1,839,073
PERFUMEV DISPENSER Filed Aug. 28, 1928 duo-L ump Patented Dec. :19,4 1931 UNITED .STATES PATENT OFFICE LEONARD KAY WRIGHT, OF JACKSON:v HEIGHTS, LONG ISLND, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOB 0F TWENTY-TWO PER CENT EII'O` NICHOLAS DI MARCO, TWENTY-TWO PER CENT TO VINCENT CAHIZZI, AND' TWENTY-TWO PER CEN'JLTO HENRY VISCABDI, ALL OF CORONA, NEW YORK PERFUME DISPENSER Application led August l28, 1.928. Serial No. 302,620.
This invent-ion relates to perfume dispensers and has reference more particularlyto ornamental devices for this purpose which are adapted to distribute scent or perfume when suspended in an automobile or other places wherein it may be actuated. The device may take the form of a decorative or protective piece or figure within whlch 1s eson-v cealed the perfume distributing mechanism so constructed that when appreciable jarring occurs, the mechanism will cause perfume to be distributed.
Previous to this time there has prevailed a wide spread custom of hanging or suspending ornamental pieces in closed automobiles for decorative purposes. These ornaments are usually decorative pieces, such as a spray of artificial iowers in a glass vase attached to the inside wall of the car body or dolls or figures hung or suspended from the ceiling or upper window frame. These ornaments, while often attractive, serve no other useful purpose. It is also common experience that lthe air in closed cars becomes very close and uncomfortable when the occupants are compelled to drive with the windows closed because of inclement weather. Some means of releasing Within the car a perfume, deodorant or other air vitalizing substance would greatly relieve this uncomfortable condition'and add greatly to the pleasure of automobillng in inclement weather.
It is an object of this invention to provide means to distribute perfumery, deodorant or other air vitalizing substances in automobiles and other places subject to vibration whichl will function automatically and with out any operative attention.
It is a further object of this invention to provide meansfor this purpose in the form of ornamental or decorative pieces adapted to be attached or suspended within the body of a closed automobile or other place subject to vibration orA actuation which shall possess all the novelty and attraction of such ornaments. l
A still further object lof this invention is v with the understanding that the several necessary elements comprising my invention may be varied in construction, proportions an arrangement, without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
In order to make my invention more clearly understood, I have shown in the accompanying -drawings means for carryin the same into practical effect, without limitlng the improvements in their useful application to the particular constructions, which, for the purpose of explanation, have been made the sub- ]ect of illustration.
In the. drawings:
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of my device embodied in the form of an ornamental figure or doll.
Figure 2 is a front elevational view of my device. embodied in the form of a decorative piece consisting of a spray of artificial owers 1n a vase.
Figure 3 is a vertical longitudinal section on an enlarged scale of my operative mechanism for distributing perfume.
Figure 4 is a transverse section on the line 4-4 of Figure 3.
wire prong shown in larly to Figure 1, the numeral 1 designates an ornamental figure or doll, having a hollow body 2, and a solid head 3 provided with a central cylindrical opening 4 for the reception of'a hollow metal tube or reservoir 5 which extends well down into the body 1.v
Referring to Figure 3, the. tube or lreservoir 5, which may be of any suitable material, such as glass, metal or other appropriate entary detail view of -filling composition, is provided at its open end with 'an outwardly projecting annular flange 6 over which is crimped the inwardly projecting annular flange 7 of a perforated metal cap 8. This cap may be formed so as to conform to the shape of the figure to which attached, as shown in Fi ure 1 where it conforms to the outline an forms a part of the head, 3. y
Cap 8 is provided with a central aperture 9 through which protrudes a suspension wire, or hanger 10 provided at its top with a loop or eye 11 adapted to engage a supporting hook, nail, cord or spring (not shown Cap 8 is also provided with a multiplicity of holes 12 for the escape of air and vapor from the reservoir 5, and one holel 13 (see Figure 1) of larger size than holes 12, for
' the reservoir 5 with liquid.
Wire 10 extends down nearly to the bottom of reservoir 5 and has attached above its midpoint a plate or piston 14 provided with perforations or a serrated edge leaving openings 15 as clearly shown in Flgure 4. Plston 14 fits tube 5 with a freely sliding fit as close as possible without undue friction. A hellcal spring 16, fixed to react between cap 8 and piston 14, tends to force piston 14 further down into the reservoir 5 against the weight of the reservoir 5 and its contents when the device is suspended by loop 11.
When the mechanism as described is hung in an automobile and same is in motion, the jars and bumps cause the device to jump up and down and the piston 14 to reclprocate 1n the reservoir 5 with a consequent pumping action which agitates the liquid 17 contained in the reservoir and draws it up towards the top of the tube 5. As the liquid is volatile such action causes a portion to vaporize and the vapor to be forced out through openings 12 in cap 8. The spring 16 is of such size and strength that the total weight of the device will just balance or float it and the vertical motion of wire 10 and piston 14 will cause the ejection of the vaporized liquid from reservoir 5.
As per Figure 2 the mechanism may be held or retained within the ornamental or protective body 1 by means of a thread 21, or glued, or crimped or pinned or otherwise fastened.
If the reservoir 5 be semi-transparent or transparent the liquid level may be observed and the reservoir filled to proper level when the level is observed to be low.
A plurality of wires 18 attached to the lower end of wire 10 and the under side of piston 14 dip into the liquid 17 and are wetted at each downward thrust of the piston. Upon each up stroke of the piston, wires 18 are partially withdrawn from liquid 17 and present an increased wetted surface which still further facilitates volatilization of the liquid. This effect of wires 18 can be increased by providing them with projections 19 so that they pick up more liquid and present more surface to the air. Similar effects can be obtained by substituting for wires 18, a wick 20 of any suitable absorbent material, such as cotton, enclosing and fastened to central wire 10, asq shown in Figure 6. Obviously both devices may be employed at the same time if desired.
The metal portions of the apparatus are protected from corrosion by constructing them of durable material, such as brass, bronze, aluminum or other special alloys.
While I have mentioned the liquid employed as perfume, it is to be understood that any scented fluid, deodorant or air vitalizing liquid may be used with equal facility.
From the foregoing description, it is apparent that I have devised an apparatus that is simple, wit-hout friction and wear, and can be made in very small and compact size; a size that can be accommodated in almost any standard doll or figure, such as are now used as ornaments in automobiles. A modilication within the scope of this invention, is the hanging of figures or ornaments within the home where the breeze can strike them and cause them to whirl and bob up and down, the figure being constructed to catch the breeze. Another method is to hang them on doors such as closet or telephone doors so that action of the door will jar or operate a mechanism and cause it to function.
While I have shown and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, I wish it to be understood that I do not confine myself to the precise details of construction herein set forth, by way of illustration, as it is apparent that many changes and variations may be made therein, by those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the invention, or exceeding the scope of the appended claims.
1. A perfume dispensing device comprising a reservoir adapted to contain a liquid perfume and means within said reservoir for automatically ejecting said perfume therefrom when said device is subjected to vibration.
2.l A tubular reservoir containin a liquid and means for resiliently suspenin said reservoir from a body subjected to shoc s and jars and means actuated by said shocks and jars to disperse said liquid from said reser- Voir.
3. A perfume dispenser comprising a reservoir, a piston slidably mounted in said reservoir, a wire attached to and adapted to support said piston, and a spring mounted upon said piston and adapted to support said reservoir.
4. A liquid dispensing apparatus comprising a reservoir, a cover therefor provided with a plurality of openings, a spring operated piston slidably mounted Within said reservoir, a piston rod therefor, means upon said piston rod for suspending said reservoir, and means depending from the piston for increasing the contact area between the liquid and the atmosphere.
5. A liquid dispensing apparatus comprising a reservoir, a cover therefor provided Wlth a plurality of openings, a spring actuw ated piston slidably mounted Within the reservoir, a piston rod therefor, means upon said piston rod for suspending said reservoir, and a plurality of rods extending from said piston into the liquid contained within `the reservoir.
l5 6. A liquid dispensing device comprising a tubular reservoir, a cover therefor pro-` vided with a plurality of openings, a piston slidably mounted within said reservoir, said piston being provided with a plurality of openings and adjacent its periphery, a spring positioned within said reservoir and bearing against said piston, a piston rod for said piston and means thereon for suspending said reservoir, and a plurality of arms extending from said piston and into the liquid contained Within the reservoir.
In testimony whereof I ailx my signature.
` LEONARD KAY WRIGHT.