US 1862831 A
Descripción (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)
june i4, w32. .3. H. RYAN TILE mannen' an @9W @M J. H. RYAN TLE PARTITION june 332.
Filed June 1:5'. 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented June 14, 1932 JAMES H. RYAN, F ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI TILE PARTITION Application filed June 13, 1931. Serial No. 544,075.
rl`his invention relates to tile partitions.
Objects of the invention are to provide a fireproof tile partition wall that may easily be erected to lit within any limits required; that is adapted for use as walls for elevator shafts and for partitions between rooms and various other uses; that embodies metallic studs holding the tiles in vertical and longitudinal alinement in a manner producing a stronger support for plaster and the like with tight joints between the tiles to construct and arrange the metallic studs in such a` way that they hold the tiles in rigid alinement, so that the workmen applying the plaster may obtain.
smoother and better iinish; to provide a partition or other wall constructed and arranged so that the units and elements thereof may be separated without damage to the studs or to the tiles; to arrange the construction so that holes may be cut through the partitions Without destroying the wall above the holes; to embody in the wall elements allowing for expansion and contraction without consequent damage to the wall; to provide means for the passage of wires into and through the walls and the studs; to provide a wall construction that is lighter in weight than is possible to obtain by Walls of other construction with which I am familiar; to provide an improved partition embodying the above features and advantages and which is also substantially soundproof; and to obtain all of the other advantages of construe t'on and arrangement made apparent from the following description', reference being made to the drawings, in whiche v Fig. l is a horizontal sectional view on the line 1-1 of Fig. 2 showing a wall constructed in accordance with the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a'wall, parts being in section to disclose features within the wall.V
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view approxi*- mately on the line 3 8 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged horizontal sectional view showing a preferred type of corner con-- struction.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing an" appropriate form of top strip for the wall.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing a portion of the bottom wall member with the cushion therein.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of an improved type of tile embodied in my wall.
Figs. 8 and 9 are perspective views of a portion of a stud showing the bendable pro-v jections. f
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of another form of metallic stud. 60
Fig. 11 is a perspective view of two angular members used at the ends of a wall.
Fig. 12 is a cross sectional view of a stud having additional features in connection therewith.
My improved wall comprises a bottom channel member composed of sheet metal shaped to form a bottom portion l and two upwardly extended parallel flanges 2 along the sides of the bottom member l. A cushion element 3 of wood or other non-metallic material is seated upon the bottom member l between the flanges 2 and constitutes a device contributing to the reduction of sound that will pass through the wall and allowing for expansion and contraction without the formation of cracks in the plaster. The cushion member 3 may be attached to the lower channel member and to the floor or base upon which the channel member is laid by nails or fasteners i driven through the cushion member and said channel member and intok the door or base.
The main upright stud shown is made of. sheet metal shaped to provide an intermediate portion 5 and two lianges 6 extending parallel with each other from the sides of the intermediate portion. The flanges 6 are spaced apart about the same distance as the flanges 2. The central portion 5 of the stud 90 lli! 2 nee is formed with a vertical series of holes 7 approximately midway between the flanges 6 and with another series of holes 8 at suitable intervals along the -length of the stud. These holes 8 are adjacent to the side edges of the intermediate portion 5.
Each flange 6 is formed with an angular split 9 beginning approximately at the union of the flanges 6 with the central stud portion 5 and extending toward the edges of the flanges 6, respectively. This arrangement of the splits 9'produces ears 10 that may be bent to extend oppositely from the flanges 6. as will be understood by reference to Fig. 10 of the drawings. The series of ears 10 on each flange 6 alternate as to height with the series of ears on the other flange 6. so that the ears are not directly opposite but form a staggered arrangement. rfhis prevents weaki ening of the stud as would result if the e.
10oneone flange were directly opposite lthe ears-on the other flange.
As shown 1n Fig. 10, the ears 10 may be formed with holes 11 therethrough. This anoptionalarrangement. Also 1n forming thelholes'7,'the metal may be cut so as to form laterally extended ears 12.v as shown in Fig. 10, instead of forming substantially smooth cut holes,:asshown in Figs. 8 and 9.
The studs at'the ends of the wall comprise two angular members, each including an inwardlyextended portion 13 and a laterally extended flange 14. The portions 13 are in- 4 tended fto extend across the ends ofIthe tile forming the wall and are formed with cut out portions v15 corresponding to the holes 7 and with holes f16 corresponding to the holes 9. The 'flanges 14 are formed with holes 17 corresponding to similar-holes `18 in the 'flanges 6.
The top member of the wall is preferably composedof Asheet metal includingl a central portion 18 having notches in its edges forming along one edge ears 19 capable of being bentdownwardly and having along the opposite edge downwardly bent ears 20.
The sheet metal stud shown in Fig. 12 inA cludes a'central portion '21 having` laterally bent flanges 22' having slits forming outwardly bendable ears 23 similar to the ears 10. The fiangesQQ ymay be formed with .inwardly extended burrs or fins 24 and the ears Q3 may be formed with outwardly extended burra or fins 25. A vertical series of holes 26 cor- ,1 resp'ondinglto the holes 7 is formed in the ends opening into the grooves 29. 'Certain aesl of these tubes in certain of the tiles into boxes 32 embedded in the tiles.
ln the erection of a wall, the bottom channel member is laid upon the base or floor with the cushion member 3 therein. The main studs are placed in position with their ends upon the bottom channel member. The lower series of tiles are then laid with their lower edges between the fianges 2 and upon the cushion member 3, and with the ends of the tiles between the flanges 6 and the laterally bent ears 11, respectively. Thus, the vertical stud is located so that the ends of one vertical series of tiles are between the flanges 6 and the adjacent ends of an adjacent vertical series of tiles are between the ears 10. In this way, the tiles are held in vertical alinement and in sufficiently rigid relationship to permit the application of the plaster on the surface of the tiles. alinement with the holes 7, so that wires may be passed longitudinally through the tubes 31 and through the holes 7 for any distance through the wall. The box 82 provides means for extending the wires laterally to electric light fixtures or other connections.
After the tiles have been laid to the desired height, the top member is applied. A convenient way of placing the top member is to pass said top member transversely across the upper edges of the tiles from one side of the wall, to extend the ears 19 beyond the opposite side of the wall and then bend thel ears 19 downwardly to engaging connection'with the tiles. This top` member, therefore, holds the upper series of tiles in rigid relationship with cach other and with the studs.
The end studs are applied by passing the portions 13 across the ends of the tiles and into approximate Contact with each other. The members forming the end stud may be fastened together by any appropriate fastening means or not, as desired.
When the tiles are assembled in this way, the flanges 6 and the ears 10 form projecting portions that will permit parts of the plaster 83 to engage and interlock therewith. As shown in Fig. 1, the plaster can be forced between the flanges 6 and the tiles and also between the ears 10 and the tiles. A portion of the plaster can interlock across the ends of the tiles and can enter and pass through the holes 18 and the holes 17 and thus obtain secure bonding connection that will securely support the plaster.
My invention contemplates the formation of corners in the manner shown in Fig. 4t. @ne of the main vertical studs is shown at the end of the wall A. The wall B extends laterally from the end of the wall A andl these two walls forni a corner. A stud is at the end of the wall B against the wall A and a stud is at the end of the wall A. These studs arev of the type shown in Figs. 8 and 9, the main portion '5 of the stud at the end of open The tubes 31 open inv l. ab
the wall B seating against the adj acentflange 6 of the wall A. The ears 10 in thelange 6 from which the wall B extends are not bent outwardly. l v
In order to provide for supporting the plaster, a screen section 34 or other appropriate material is attached to the stud at the end of the wall A, one end portion of the screen being bent to interlocking connection with the flange 6 at the outer side of the wall A, as clearly shown. The screen extends across the stud at the end of the wall A and interlocks with the flc nge 6 that is at the end of the wall B. Wire fasteners 35 pass through the holes 8 and 18 in the respective studs and also through the screen and thus firmly and securely tie the studs and the screen together so as to obtain a lirm and rigid corner construction for these walls.
The outer coat oi plaster' 86 interlocks with the studs in the manner described and as clearly shown in Fig. I and also firmly engages the screen 34 and einbeds the fasteners 35. The inn-er coat of plaster 87 forms an appropriate corner and interlocks the walls A and B, forming a continuous integral connection from along the surfaces of said walls int-o the spaces between said wall and through the holes in the studs. Since the parts are united and secured together in the manner described, a strong and eiicient wall corner construction is obtained.
The construction herein disclosed has been used with entire satisfaction in the erection of many partition walls. My experience in the erection of these walls in accordance with this present invention has established clearly that all of the intended objects and purposes of the invention are obtained. The walls may be constructed faster than by the use oi the devices of the prior art with which I am familiar, and at less expense. Moreover, the reclaim value of the material used in these walls is much greater than is possible to obtain by other constructions, because the studs and the tiles are not damaged or broken in the construction of the wall and need not be damaged or broken when any wall is removed. These advantageous results are derived because of the novel construction and cooperative relationship of the parts embodied in the wall.
On a wall of this construction, the plaster is applied with greater advantage than it can possibly be applied on walls of different construction with which I am familiar. After the tiles are assembled in the wall in the manner shown and described, the wall is wetted with water along the surfaces to which plaster is to be applied. This water creates a suction by absorption in the tile. The absorption of the water in the. tile is caused by the hollow and porous construction of the tile. The application of water takes the place of the usual scratch coat or1 plaster required on walls of ordinary construction. Immediately upon the application of the water, the plaster is applied. Because of the rigid construction of the walls obtained by the use of the metallic studs engaging and holding the tiles, the plaster `is applied by direct lateral pressure instead of the usual up stroke used in applying plaster on walls of usual construction. The plaster is applied by direct pressure and obtains strong adhesive connection with the titles and with the studs, entering the various openings and spaces through and between the diiierent parts of the studs and the tiles. fI his bond is greatly assisted by the suction mentioned in connection with the application of the Water preparatory to the application of the plaster. This completes the construction of the wall either in the form of a straight wall, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, or angularly connected walls, as shown in Fig. 4L of the drawings.
The. present application is a continuation in part oi my prior application filed July 26, 1930, Serial No. 470,870.
It is now clear that my invention obtains all of its intended objects and'purposes in a highly efficient and satisfactory way. The parts used in this wall may be manufactured and erected in wall construction economically and with speed. The erection of walls is thus facilitated and expedited and better wall construction is obtained as a resu-lt ot" the accomplishment of the objects of the invention herein stated.
I claim l. A partition comprising a channel member, a cushion element in said channel member, adjacent tiers of tiles having the lower tiles thereof seated on said cushion member and located within said channel memberV and the tiles of each tier -being laid one upon the other and having grooves in their ends, tubes embedded in opposite tiles oi the tiers of tiles and having their ends opening into said grooves, and a metallic channel member betweenvadjacent tiers of tiles having flanges embracing between them the ends of the tiles of one tier of tiles and having tie portions projecting oppositely from said ianges and embracing between them the ends Vof the adjacent tier of tiles, said channel member having holes between said tubes.
Q. A partition wall comprising adjacent tiers of tiles having the tiles of each tier laid oneV upon the other and having grooves in their ends, tubes embedded in opposite tiles of said tiers of tiles and having their ends openinginto said grooves, a Vmetallic channel member between adjacenttiers of tiles having anges embracing the ends of the tiles ot one tier or tiles and having tie portions embracing the endsV ofthe adjacent tier of tiles, said channel member having Vholes between said tubes, projections from said chanill-5 nel member, and plaster covering said tiles and said channel member and extending between the ends of said tiles and said channel member and engagingsaid projections.
A partition comprising adjacent tiers of tiles having the tiles of each tier'laid oneupon the other, tubes embedded in certain of said tiles that-are opposite'each other in said tiers of tiles, angular stud elements engaging the end of one tier of tiles and hav-ing openings opposite said tubes, a. metallic channel member betweenadjacent tiers of tiles embracing the end of one tier of tiles, projections from said channel member embracing Athe end of the other tier of tiles, said channel member having holes between said tubes, and plaster covering said tiles and said channel vmember and said stud elements. Y
4. A wall comprising two adjacent tiers of tiles having grooves in their ends, channel members embracing the ends of said tiers of tiles respectively, detachable elements fastening said channel members together, tubesembedded in said tiles and opening linto said grooves, a plaster support attached to said channel members, and plaster facing said tiles and embedding said support and said channel members.
5. A wall comprising a pair of angular stud elements, means for fastening said stud elements against an adjacent wall, a tier of tiles having their ends ext-ending between sa-id stud ele-ments and. having grooves in said ends, tubes in said tiles opening into saidgrooves, a cooperating series of tiles having tubes in alinement with said tubes in said first tier of tiles, and a stud device holding said tiers of tiles in alinement and having holes between said tubes.
6. A wall comprising a. pair of angular stud elements, means for fastening said stud elements against an adjacent wall, a tier of tiles having their ends extending between said stud elements and having grooves in said ends, tubes in said tiles opening into said grooves, a cooperating series of tiles having tubes in alinement with said tubes in said first tier of tiles, a stud device holding said tiers of tiles in alinement and having holes between said tubes, and plaster facing said tiles and embedding said stud elements.
7. A wall comprising two separate duplicate channel members, detachable fasteners for securing together said channel members in a relationship in which one side of one of said channel members is adjacent to the rear of the other ch ann el member, two tiers of tiles arranged angularly with respect to each other and having their ends embraced within said channel members respectively7 and forming a corner, and plaster facing said tiles and ernbedding said channel members.
8. A wall comprising two separate duplicate channel members, detachable fasteners for securing together said channel members