|Número de publicación||US20050004985 A1|
|Tipo de publicación||Solicitud|
|Número de solicitud||US 10/781,029|
|Fecha de publicación||6 Ene 2005|
|Fecha de presentación||17 Feb 2004|
|Fecha de prioridad||1 Jul 2003|
|También publicado como||EP2360600A1, US8001187, US20050004995|
|Número de publicación||10781029, 781029, US 2005/0004985 A1, US 2005/004985 A1, US 20050004985 A1, US 20050004985A1, US 2005004985 A1, US 2005004985A1, US-A1-20050004985, US-A1-2005004985, US2005/0004985A1, US2005/004985A1, US20050004985 A1, US20050004985A1, US2005004985 A1, US2005004985A1|
|Cesionario original||Michael Stochosky|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (18), Citada por (105), Clasificaciones (22), Eventos legales (2)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/612,632, filed on Jul. 1, 2003, entitled “Peer-to-Peer Active Content Sharing,” from which priority is claimed under 35 U.S.C. § 120 and which application is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.
1. Filed of the Invention
This invention pertains generally to chat networks, and more particularly, to sharing identity-based activity and related information with another peer.
2. Description of Related Art
Instant messaging has recently emerged as a powerful communications model for both business and personal communications. Instant messaging software applications such as Apple Computer's iChat™, America Online's Instant Messenger™, Microsoft Corp.'s MSN Messenger™, and others allow users to communicate instantly with other users over a peer network. These applications permit users to track other users that are currently logged in and to send them real time text messages. Users typically maintain a contact or buddy list of preferred contacts that are friends, family, co-workers, or others having common interests, etc.
However, these instant messaging applications are limited to sharing simple and direct text communications between contacts whereas computer uses are expanding beyond the conventional text-based functions. Convergence between computers and digital entertainment devices has led to computers that serve as an entertainment center to play music, watch movies, and enjoy other multimedia content. Additionally, computer users are spending more time with online activities such as playing games and conducting transactions. This content and activity, although potentially of interest to a contact, is not easily shared with those contacts.
Existing instant messaging applications limit real time content and information shared between a user and a contact to, for example, text messages, simple graphic files, and static file transfers. Significantly, current instant messaging applications do not allow users of a peer to directly and easily share content active on a user's computer or other activities of a user on the Internet. Active desktop content and web-based activities of a contact are not communicated in conjunction with current applications. Active content, as used herein, includes files that a user is currently accessing, such as music files the user is currently listening to, movies the user is currently watching, or the like. Identity-based activity, as used herein, includes broader activities of a particular user such as web-based auctions and transactions. Thus, if a user is listening to a music file on his computer, those contacts he may be currently instantly messaging cannot hear the same file at the same time.
At best, in order to share such files, the sender must transfer the file via a file transfer function of the instant messaging application or as an attachment to an email sent by an email application, or a user can send a URL to a file if its available on the Internet. This process is not real time sharing of active content, but is essentially copying the static file (or a reference to it) from one computer to another. Further, neither approach provides the recipient with real time updates such as a change in active content, a list of recently activated content, nor synchronization.
Furthermore, there is no network architecture to automatically enhance the recipient's use active content and/or active content information. Typically, a recipient of a static content file has to undertake additional manual steps to obtain such additional information. Again, if a user is listening to a music file, the user's instant messaging contacts, even those currently in a chat session, would not have direct access to information or meta-data such as the song's name, artist, album art, liner notes, or the like. More generally, there is no way for a user of an instant messaging application to retrieve supplemental information about the active content in use on another user's computer from a database. Similarly, such instant messaging contacts of the user cannot today easily or directly purchase or preview a copy of the content within the instant messenger.
Furthermore, there is no way to track a user's activities within the instant messaging applications. For example, contacts tell what music files he has recently listened to, such as the last file music files. Nor can users share information regarding web activities such as recent content purchases, current online auctions, previews or downloads.
Another problem with existing messenger applications is that they are typically stand-alone applications that provide only messaging functionality. However, users often multitask between several applications on a single desktop, and typically have an instant messaging application running concurrently with other applications, such as word processors, spreadsheets, graphic applications, media applications, and the like. Thus, user must toggle between the instant messaging application to communicate with their contacts and other active applications to perform tasks such as playing back multimedia or surfing web sites, and performing word processing.
Accordingly, there is a need for more robust instant messaging applications that enable active content and identity-based activity sharing. The solution should provide supplemental information about content and activities, and also related recipient transactions.
The present invention meets these needs by allowing instant messaging applications to track and share identity-based activity of a user with the user's contacts. Advantageously, the present invention provides an enhanced communication experience between a user and remote contacts that includes entertainment and online activities.
In one embodiment, a content daemon on a sender peer tracks active content of a user and identity-based activity. Active content includes files that a user is currently accessing, such as music files the user is currently listening to, movies the user is currently watching, or the like. Identity-based activity includes broader activities of a specific user, such as web-based auctions or transactions conducted by a user logged-in to a chat module, and active content previously viewed by the user. The chat module shares identity-based activity with a remotely located recipient peer through a network by sending information collected by the content daemon. The recipient chat module displays identity-based activity and/or related information to the contact.
In another embodiment, the content daemon tracks user activity by, e.g., polling application modules for current active content and identity-based activity, and storing the information in a list kept by a content information database. The application module comprises a media player, a web browser, or other application for activating content and/or performing user activities. The list includes, for example, the last five audio files listened to by the user, recent downloads, an online auction or transaction conducted by the user, etc. In one embodiment, the list is populated with unique identifiers. For active content, an exemplary unique identifier is an ID3 tag for MP3s; and for identity-based activity, an exemplary unique identifier identifies a specific user's auction with e.g., a URL or a key. In another embodiment, the content daemon detects identity-based activity in an application module that is in communication with an activity server. The activity server hosts online user activities such as online auctions or transactions. In response, the content daemon records the unique identifier associated with the identity-based activity.
In yet embodiment, a content enhancement server includes a content supplement database to provide supplements to identity-based activity information to the recipient peer. Supplemental information can include descriptive information about the content, meta-data, or additional information, such as name, creator, content descriptions, related files and so forth (e.g., a CD containing the active media, a graphic file of the artist, a preview, or transactional information to obtain a copy). In another embodiment, the content supplement database stores previews of content for streaming to the recipient peer. The content enhancement server also includes a content transaction module to enable a transaction based on the shared content information. The content enhancement server, for example, enables a purchase a copy of a shared music file. In another embodiment, the content transaction module serves as a gateway to third-party databases with available products by using application program interfaces to search the third-party databases and generate a list of available products.
Other embodiments include a method of identity-based activity sharing, a method of streaming content, a method of enabling a transaction related to the content, and a method of retrieving supplemental information about the content.
In the following description, for purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the invention. The field of networking is such that many different variations of the illustrated and described features of the invention are possible. Those skilled in the art will undoubtedly appreciate that the invention can be practiced without some specific details described below, and indeed will see that many other variations and embodiments of the invention can be practiced while still satisfying the teachings of the invention. Further, those of skill in the art of networking appreciate the large variety of different networking protocols, topologies, transports, and the like that can be used to establish networked communications between computers. Accordingly, the present invention should not be understood as being limited to the specific implementations described below.
As discussed, active content refers to a data file in current use at a peer, such as real-time content. The data file in use may be media content such as an audio or video file being played back in a media player, text, graphics, or numeric content such as a document, spreadsheet, code file, graphics file, or any other file having data representing content that is capable of perception by a user at the peer. Active content also refers to related active content information such as meta-data about the data file (e.g., size, title, author, location, date, content list), an auxiliary data file related to the data file (e.g., unique identifier, associated graphics, text, references to other files), transaction information, a unique identifier, or any other information directly or indirectly related to the content.
Additionally, identity-based activity refers to broader activities specific to a user, such as web-based auctions or transactions conducted by the user, active content previously viewed by the user, and other events related to content accessible by other peers. Although content may be active, it need not be executing in real-time or locally (e.g., current web-based auctions or recent web purchases of a user). The content can be viewed with an application such as a web browser or other interface. Identity-based activity also refers to related information such as the duration of an auction, a URL, a unique identifier, a last update time, etc.
The sender peer 110 provides identity-based activity of contacts to a user and sends identity-based activity of the user to a contact's peer on the network 145. In general, a peer is some type of computing device (physical or virtual), such as a computer, a telephone, set top box, a network appliance, gaming console, entertainment device, or any device capable of connecting to the network 145 and receiving identity-based activity. In one embodiment, the sender peer 110 displays a multimedia file and sends related information to the recipient peer 120 for display. In another embodiment, the sender peer 110 sends unique identifiers of online auctions to contacts. Further embodiments of the sender peer 110 and methods operating therein are discussed below.
The recipient peer 120 receives and outputs active content and identity-based activity of contacts. The recipient peer 120 also communicates with the content enhancement server 130 to retrieve enhancements and enable transactions. The recipient peer 120 can be any embodiment of the first peer, so output may be displayed in a GUI. In one embodiment, the sender peer 110 receives and displays a contact's recent online book purchases. In another embodiment, the sender peer 110 displays online sales conducted by contacts, and subsequently receives updates from the activity server 140.
In another embodiment, the recipient peer 120 is a thin version of the sender peer 110 in that it has the capability to receive active content, but not necessarily the capability to activate the stream of the active content. For example, a telephone having the chat module (e.g., an SMS compatible text messaging module) receives active content information, but may not have the multimedia player needed for local playback. Further embodiments of the recipient peer 120 and methods operating therein are discussed below.
The content enhancement server 130 provides supplemental information about active content and identity-based content to the recipient peer 120, and enables related transactions. The enhanced content server 130 is, for example, a server application residing on a network destination. The content enhancement server 130 may be part of a central peer server, or part of an independent third-party server compatible with the protocol used by peers in the system 100 such as iTunes Music Store. Further embodiments of the content enhancement server 130 and methods operating therein are discussed below.
In one example of the system 100, two users, one at the sender peer 110 and one at the recipient peer 120 exchange text messages through iChat, while the sender user also listens to MP3s with iTunes. The receiver user notices identity-based activity concerning recent MP3s played back by the sender user and turns the conversation towards those songs. The receiver user consequentially decides to preview the music, initiating a stream from the content enhancement server 130 (or the sender peer 110) to the recipient peer 120. Ultimately, the sender user purchases a copy from the iTunes Music Store.
The activity server 140 hosts web-based user activities. The activity server 140 may be a computer running an application such as an HTML or FTP server. The user activity includes web-based services such as online auctions, games, entertainment, sales, downloads, transactions, or the like. Preferably, the activity is publicly available such that any contact can access and participate in the same or similar activity. For example, a user of a recipient peer 120 who wants to order a movie recently downloaded or purchased by a contact is directed to the activity server 140 to perform the same download or purchase. In another example, a contact is directed to a current advertisement
The network 145 transports data packets containing content information between, e.g., the sender peer 110, the recipient peer 120, and the content enhancement server 130. The network 145 may be a data network, a telephone network, or any other type of network capable of transporting data. The data may be video, audio, information, or otherwise. The network 145 can be public or private, including both wired and wireless portions, send data in packets or through circuits, and use communications protocols such as IP (Internet Protocol) or ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mechanism). Combinations of the previous and variations of network communication are within the scope of the present invention since it is transport independent.
Examples of alternative embodiments of the system 100 include, an embodiment having more than two peers, an embodiment having peers without the content enhancement server 130, and an embodiment having peers communicatively coupled through a first network 145 and one of the peers communicatively coupled to the content enhancement server 130 through a second network 145. In particular,
The chat module 210 sends and receives active content and identity-based activity to and from other chat modules. The chat module 210 connects to a centralized messenger service located on the network 145 to set-up and/or conduct communication with other peers. The centralized messenger service may be Apple Computer Inc.'s iChat™, America Online's AIM™, an instant messaging module or the like. Peers can communicate with each other, with their messages passing through the messenger service, or directly with each other independently of the centralized messenger server. The chat module 210 may periodically communicate with the centralized messenger service to update communication with other peers such as setting-up connections with new peers and changing communication addresses of existing peers. Although the present embodiment utilizes a chat module 210 to share active content and identity-based activity other embodiments may integrate such sharing into different peer-to-peer communications modules such as an FTP module or other file sharing application.
The content daemon tracks 220 active content and user activity by polling the application module 230. If there is active content of activity, the content daemon 220 collects related information, e.g., meta-data about a file in use or a URL of a user's online posting. In another embodiment, the content daemon 220 receives information sent automatically by the application module 230. In another embodiment, the content daemon 220 is configured to exclude certain active content and identity-based activity, such as confidential information, from sharing.
In one embodiment, the content daemon 220 is integrated into an operating system running on the peers. The operating system is for example, Mac OS X by Apple Computer, Inc. of Cupertino, Calif. or Windows XP by Microsoft Corp. of Redmond, Wash. Integration includes software code of the operating system itself, a plug-in module that interoperates with the operating system, or any other background process that receives messages from the operating system related to active content and identity-based activity. The operating system notifies the content daemon module 220 of active application modules 230 and content and/or activities therein.
The content daemon 220 further comprises a content information database 225 that generates and stores information about recently activated content and identity-based activity shared with other peers. The content information database 225 comprises, for example, a table for each user of a peer that contains categories, and lists instances within each category. Content information may be meta-data about the content file such as its size, an auxiliary data file related to the data file such a unique identifier, related image file, content title, content source, or any other information directly or indirectly related to the content. The content information database 330 receives queries containing an identifier such as an MP3 ID tag received from, e.g., the chat module 210 or the application module 230. In response, the content information database 220 makes matching information available to the chat module 210, such as the MP3 content title. The information can be displayed at the sender peer 110, sent to the recipient peer 120 for display, or sent to the content enhancement server 130.
The content information database 225 may also store activity information such as recent or ongoing online transactions. In one example, responsive to the content daemon 220 detecting a book or MP3 purchase, the content information database 225 may update a list of the five most recent books on MP3 purchases. In another example, the content daemon 220 records a URL containing a user's auction. Additionally, the content information database 225 uses an API for the auction service to obtain information such as an item's description or auction expiration time.
The unique identifier comprises an active content fingerprint such as a hash key or wavelet. The hash key can be determined from an algorithm implementing a mathematical transform on binary data such as SHA-1 or CRC32. The unique identifier may be used by the recipient peer 120 to retrieve locally stored active content information related to the file, or sent to the content enhancement server 130 to retrieve active content supplements as described below.
The application module 230 includes active content 235. The application module 230 may be application software, hardware, or a combination such as a media player, a web browser, a word processor, or the like. To activate the data file, the application module 230 opens at least a portion of the data file and progresses through the data file either sequentially or otherwise. For example, a media player loads a portion of an audio file into a buffer representing the next ten seconds of audio playback. Besides locally executed files, the application module 220 serves as a conduit to online activities. For example, a web browser loads a web page containing user activity.
The content repository 240 stores data files that are activated by the application module 230. The content repository 240 may be a hard disk, flash memory, random access memory, or any device capable of non-volatile or volatile storage of data files. The data files contain data in any useful format, such mpg, .wma, .omg, gif, .mp3, .doc, .txt, .pdf, or any format capable of execution by the application module 230. In one embodiment, the content repository 240 is networked to the sender peer 110 such as a personal digital assistant with data files connected to the peer via the Bluetooth wireless communications protocol.
The communications module 310 provides a communications pathway for the chat module 210 to transmit messages, and to share active content and identity-based activity through the network 145. The communications module 310 logs-in to the centralized chat server and establishes point-to-point communication with other peers by exchanging network addresses such as IP addresses. The communications module 310 may further comprise a network interface, appropriate protocol software, an operating system or port control, a peer network software, or and application software.
The server/client module 320 sends active content and identity-based activity for output at the other peers, and receives the same. Additionally, the server/client module 320 streams active content to a recipient peer 120. The server/client module 320 comprises, for example, an FTP server, a desktop sharing server, an audio/video server, or any other device capable of sending and receiving active content and identity-based activity through a network.
The GUI module 340 provides a user interface of the chat module 210 and receives user commands related to displayed information. In the recipient peer 120, the GUI module 340 integrates the information into the chat module's 210 user interface as discussed below in regards to
A music icon indicates that the user of Peer 1 is listening to a song, which in this example is “Dorset Perception” by Simon Pasford. In response to selecting the icon, the chat module 210 may initiate an active content stream, enable a purchase, retrieve content supplements, etc. In one embodiment, response to selecting a hyperlink associated with the song title or artist, a list of similar songs, or other songs by the artist is returned.
The representation of Peer 2 does not include information about active content at Peer 2. In one embodiment, Peer 2 does not send information about active content because, for example, there is no currently active content at Peer 2 or because Peer 2 has is not configured to share active content with the recipient peer 120. In another embodiment, the chat module 210 does not display received active content information because, for example, the recipient peer 120 is not capable of receiving an active content stream, or not capable of activating streamed content.
The representation of Peer 3 includes an icon indicating that the active content 432 at Peer 3 is a movie titled “The Third Man,” and that this movie is available for purchase. In response to selecting the icon, the chat module 210 enables a transaction.
The content supplement database 520 queries file descriptions to provide the recipient peer 120 with data files related to content. The data files may contain information similar to that stored in the content information database 225 and the content repository 240, or more loosely related to the shared active content such as data files of advertisements. Accordingly, a query for a music artist may return a new book about the artist or their latest CD. The query may use a unique identifier such as a hash key if available. In one embodiment, the content supplement database 520 streams content to the recipient peer 120. In another embodiment, the stream is a preview. The content supplement database 520 and methods operating therein are described in further detail below.
The content transaction module 530 facilitates transactions with the recipient peer 120 such as content purchase. The content transaction module 530 includes a database of available products. Selected products are identified by a tag or unique identifier received from the recipient peer 120. The content transaction module 530 receives an order for the product and stores a resulting transaction ticket.
In another embodiment, the content transaction module 530 enables transactions between the recipient peer 120 and third-party retailers. The content transaction module 530 sends queries to several third-party databases according to the third party's application program interface. Based on the results, the content transaction module 530 generates a list of products with hyperlinks to third-party web sites containing the products. The content transaction module 530 also stores each third-party web site impression and click-through from the hyperlink list. The content transaction module 530 and methods operating therein are described in further detail below.
Advantageously, the recipient peer 120 is able to automatically access supplemental information about shared active content and is easily able to obtain a copy of content or a related product.
Next, the sender and recipient peers 110, 120 establish 615 a peer-to-peer connection to enable direct or indirect communication. Each peer sends a list of contacts or other parameter to the log-in server for identifying preferred peers. The log-in server returns a list of logged-in contacts with network addresses for direct communication or other types of identification such as the contact name for indirect communication through the log-in server. The log-in server also notifies other relevant peers that new peers have joined the network 145. The sender peer 110 sends 625 a list of identity based content information from the content information database 225.
The sender peer 110 sends 625 content information to the recipient peer chat module 210 either directly or indirectly through the log-in server. The recipient peer 120 displays or otherwise output the content information to the contact. Additionally, the recipient peer 120 requests 645 supplemental information related to the content from the content enhancement server 130. To check the content enhancement server 130, the recipient peer 120 sends an identifier such as a tag or title as described herein.
The content supplement database 510 searches 680 its files using a query based on the identifier for the content. The query may be filtered by additional parameters such as only pictures or only advertisements. If a unique identifier of the content is available, such as a hash key, the query results are more determinative. Otherwise, the content supplement database 510 ranks the query results and sends 655 the supplemental content information to the recipient peer 120 for display. In one embodiment, the content supplement database 510 saves peer-specific queries to use as parameters in future queries.
In another embodiment, the content supplement database 510 searches third party databases by sending a query using the API of the outside database. Based on matching the queries to database descriptions, the content supplement database 510 determines which databases to search. The content supplement database 510 ranks the results and generates a list of hyperlinks corresponding to third party websites containing the results. The content supplement database 510 may additionally store hyperlink impressions or click-throughs from the list.
The recipient peer 120 displays 670 the active content and/or identity-based activity in its user interface. In one embodiment, the recipient peer 120 implements local preferences by running a local ranking of the received results or by filtering certain results. The recipient peer 120 user elects to request a stream of the content from the sender peer 110 or the content enhancement server 130 as discussed with respect to
The sender peer 110 also sends updates. After the initial identity based content is sent, the sender peer 110 initiates 620 the application module 230. In one embodiment, the application module 230 and the chat module 210 are integrated into a single application, so both modules are initiated at the same time (e.g.,
In one embodiment, the content daemon 220 periodically polls the application module 230 for content information. In another embodiment, the application module 230 publishes its status to the content daemon 220. In yet another embodiment, the content daemon 220 automatically polls the activity server 140, which hosts online web sites such as eBay.com or Amazon.com by using an API and/or unique identifier. The web sites return a current status of a user's ongoing auction or recent book purchases. The API may be proprietary, on open standard, or queries that appear to the web sites to originate from a user.
The recipient peer 120 requests 725 transaction processing responsive to a user selection 710. In one embodiment, the content transaction module 530 requests further information from the recipient peer 120 user, such as payment and shipping information. Once the transaction terms are completed, the content transaction module 530 requests 845 transaction confirmation to the user. The transaction is completed when the recipient peer 120 returns 855 a transaction confirmation to the content transaction module 520.
Next, the content repository 520 and recipient peer 120 negotiate 835 stream parameters such as stream speed. Essentially, the sender peer's server/client module 320 and content repository's server/client module (not pictured) provide a direct communication link by exchanging port numbers. Additionally, factors may include local preferences, network traffic load, and bandwidth requirements of the content. The recipient peer 120 determines which application modules 230 are compatible with the file type and initiates an application module 230. In one embodiment, if the file type is compatible with several application modules 230, the recipient peer 120 presents the user with a choice of application modules 220 for activating the file.
The recipient peer 120 activates the content in the application module 230. The application module 230 may display or otherwise output the shared active content when a minimum amount of data has been received, buffer a certain amount of data, or wait until the entire file has been transferred.
In summary, the present invention allows the users of instant messenger to share active content and/or identity-based activity and related information with other users in the system 100, and to facilitate commerce. Furthermore, the content enhancement server 130 provides preview content streams, supplemental information, and enables transactions related to the content.
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|Clasificación de EE.UU.||709/205|
|Clasificación internacional||H04L12/18, H04L29/08, H04L12/58|
|Clasificación cooperativa||H04L67/1068, H04L67/24, H04L67/104, H04L69/329, H04L67/1093, H04L12/581, H04L12/1813, H04L12/1822, H04L51/04|
|Clasificación europea||H04L29/08A7, H04L29/08N9P2C, H04L29/08N9P8C, H04L51/04, H04L12/18D, H04L29/08N23, H04L29/08N9P, H04L12/58B, H04L12/18D2|
|21 Jul 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: APPLE COMPUTER, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:STOCHOSKY, MICHAEL;REEL/FRAME:014887/0991
Effective date: 20040708
|18 Jul 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: APPLE INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:APPLE COMPUTER, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019570/0044
Effective date: 20070109