|Número de publicación||US20050147057 A1|
|Tipo de publicación||Solicitud|
|Número de solicitud||US 11/029,967|
|Fecha de publicación||7 Jul 2005|
|Fecha de presentación||4 Ene 2005|
|Fecha de prioridad||17 May 2000|
|También publicado como||CA2411043A1, CN1295905C, CN1502189A, DE60026866D1, DE60039262D1, DE60039546D1, EP1295432A1, EP1295432A4, EP1295432B1, EP1594269A2, EP1594269A3, EP1594269B1, EP1667383A2, EP1667383A3, EP1667383B1, US7848358, US20030133423, WO2001089139A1|
|Número de publicación||029967, 11029967, US 2005/0147057 A1, US 2005/147057 A1, US 20050147057 A1, US 20050147057A1, US 2005147057 A1, US 2005147057A1, US-A1-20050147057, US-A1-2005147057, US2005/0147057A1, US2005/147057A1, US20050147057 A1, US20050147057A1, US2005147057 A1, US2005147057A1|
|Cesionario original||Ladue Christoph K.|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (23), Citada por (70), Clasificaciones (25), Eventos legales (2)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to providing unique Octave Pulse Data Messaging protocols that provide ubiquitous intra-system and intersystem connectivity, and other efficient message handling protocol topologies that enable virtual circuit fast packet switched (VCFP) transaction based protocol that enables wireless telemetry, Internet web clipping, WAP, WAE, WTA, WTP, WDP, and secure transaction based messaging such as stock sale, and point-of-sales (POS) transactions for; GSM 900/1800PCN, GSM 900/1900PCS, GPRS, UMTS, IMT-2000, IS-95CDMA a, b, c, IS-136TDMA a, b, c, Mobile Satellite systems such as Teledesic, Moetius, ICO and Skybridge, a plurality of terrestrial PLMN. PSTN system combinations and the like.
2. Description of Related Art
The birth of digital packet data communications technology in the late 60's and 70's occurred when the first successful transmission of digital information was transported over ARPA-Net the seminal virtual private network (VPN) that communicated over existing wired telephony infrastructure. This first packet transfer attempt was a failed “login procedure sent from one computer to another. This failed login data packet was received and rudimentarily processed by the other end of ARPA-NET, the birthplace of the Internet world-wide-web (WWW). This pioneering event gave birth to Information Technology (IT), as we know it today. What began as a communicative act between two mainframe computers in a wired network, evolved into the most important force of the New Century digital packet data. The first wireless data packet was transmitted between two computers using a radio channel at the University of Hawaii. This event marked the birth of the Aloha Net, the first wireless packet radio data network. Since the Early 70's wireless packet data has exponentially grown, and simultaneously evolved into an endless array of wireless data communications platforms. Today there are many types of wireless data standards, data packet formats, protocol management schemes, and just as many wireless and wireline data communications pathways to transport packet data. Wireless digital packet data supports-digital voice, codec voice, data messaging, telemetry data, web clipping, and other abbreviated Internet services.
There is much talk in the Wireless Press and mass market media about wireless internet services, such as wireless e-mail, wireless web browsing, web clipping, Wireless Application Protocol (WAP), wireless markup language (WML), and the like. With all the inherent complexity of these proposed systems there is a need for simple data protocol and virtual network management systems, the invention fulfills this need. The invention provides elegantly simple transaction based wireless data protocols, virtual data network systems protocols, and inter format gateway processes and procedures unique in the art today. The invention provides protocols, technical procedures, and business case procedures that operate seamlessly within the substrate layers of a plurality of public wireless wireline network, Internet modalities and topologies. The invention uniquely enables wireless, public land mobile network (PLMN) and Internet based web clipping services, non-WAP web-browsing sessions, stock transaction reporting, point-of-sales (POS), new service information delivery, road condition reporting, telematics, mobile-concierge data, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) services, and GPS driven location service applications. Additional applications contained within this definition for example is the inventions intelligent sleeve terminal that further enables personal digital assistant (PDA) applications, communications and the like. The invention provides the firmware, software and ergonomic means of enabling PDAs to operate as digital cellular phones that provide speech to text, text to speech, stored compressed speech messages, simultaneous voice and octave pulse data messaging and the like.
The other side of the application specific spectrum is telemetry data. Telemetry data and application specific system management combined, is the dirty workhorse of “emerging wireless data technology. Wireless telemetry data is little black boxes with antennas sticking out of tops of metal or plastic enclosures, or sealed within the glass enclosure of an electrical power meter, or under the front seat of an intercontinental long haul semi truck that is bursting GPS, and other status information. Wireless telemetry systems are little boxes stuck off in factories, buried in weather beaten enclosures measuring and reporting pipeline flow and aggregate pressure. Application specific telematic and telemetry systems are typically set inside commercial and residential security systems, utility power meters, natural gas meters, and traffic control systems. Wireless telemetry terminals are little robotic brains that keep it all together. Today with few exceptions wireless telemetry data systems tends to mimic the conventional protocols, and processes that reflect a technical adaptation of conventional wireless terrestrial trunked radio systems such as: cellular, personal communications systems (PCS), trunked mobile radio (MTR), and conventional specialized mobile radio (SMR). Now, with new generation wireless data systems and protocol standards such as GSM 900/1800PCN, GSM 900/1900PCS, and GSM related General Packet Radio System (GPRS) Universal Mobile Telephone System (UMTS), conventional and new generation circuit switched cellular, the invention enables a new paradigm of simplified wireless data technology. Today telemetry, abbreviated Internet web clipping services, push technology, and stock market data information is transported through the same air interface, switching matrixes as modernized data, that produces bearer and teleservice information. For price sensitive web clipping, new service delivery, and telemetry for example, a new efficient and low cost transaction based octave pulse data-virtual circuit fast packet switched (OPD-VCFP) paradigm must emerge if low cost application specific data services are going to proliferate in a seamless fashion globally as it should.
Application specific data (ASD) is now modernized as connection based circuit switched data operating with analog and digital cellular networks worldwide. ASD data suffers globally because it is subject to much inherent complexity, low level of reliability and high cost. Many companies are also using short message service data (SMS) for Internet based abbreviated web clipping services, news service reporting, telemetry data and the like. SMS was originally intended for “paging like, text messages. SMS network elements and protocols are very similar to POCSAG-paging, Flex two-way paging, and other such systems. SMS was originally designed as a cellular paging modality that reflects non-cellular paging system formats, message management, and network element topologies. Paging and SMS is an unreliable, slow and costly medium for application specific data such as telemetry, as abbreviated Internet web clipping services, news services, stock reporting, and is not designed for time critical delivery to the user. SMS is subject to fraud, and consumes much host network bandwidth in relation to its per unit revenue model. Also SMS as it exists today is configured with a hodgepodge of data-bit standards. One SMS telemetry modem built by the Siemans company for example may not operate properly in a network built by Alcatel, Lucent or Erricson. The same SMS incompatibility issues also plague time critical web clipping services, stock reporting and stock purchase transaction services All four organizations are supposed to conform to one GSM-900/1800PCN SMS format, supported ETS Standards. They do not. The invention elegantly solves these incompatibility issues.
The invention is a synthesis of key theoretical elements and practical procedures drawn from a multiplicity of disparate yet synergistically integrated sources. Two foundational resources drawn upon here is Cybernetics and General Systems Theory (GST), which are two converged disciplines of theoretical thought that emerged after World War II. An important component of these seminal theories evolved in parallel as a culminating event in 1948. Dr. Claude Shannon a Bell Labs theorist and engineer published a paper based upon a concept called “Information Theory, now an important component of General System Theory (GST). In 1864 James C. Maxwell predicted electromagnetic radiation. In 1867 Maxwell proposed that light is an electromagnetic wave, and the equations that he constructed for it implied that there are others. The spectrum of visible light, from red to violet, is only an octave or so in the range of invisible radiations. In the universe there is a whole “cosmic music database, of information, all the way from the longest wavelengths of radio waves, “the low notes, to the shortest wavelengths of X-rays and beyond. “the highest notes. His theorem essentially defined electromagnetism and in 1887 Heinrich Hertz verified Maxwell's seminal theorem and further codified various spectral parameters produced in the carrier waves, such as phasing, amplitude, and bandwidth constructs that are fundamental key components of all radio phenomenon. Maxwell and Hertz's seminal work thus made radio and telephony based communications possible along with other pioneers such as Marconi. Shannon later extended Maxwell's, and Hertz's work, with his breakthrough Information Theorem. Before Shannon Harry Nyquist of Bell Laboratories defined his cogent “Sampling Theorem in 1928.
Shannon's epiphany enabled the realization of all electronic data communications from the 1950's to the present day. From the Internet and digital television, to the inventions Octave Pulse Data (OPD) that comprises important protocols and services for its octave pulse based, virtual transaction based data network (VTDN): all is made possible because of Shannon's work. One of the tenets of Information Theory is that the content of the information is irrelevant. Therefore it can be postulated that in any telecommunications system protocol is king, for what is most important in terms of information processing is how algorithms are managed, within the aggregate assemblages of core structures evidenced in well thought out and simplified virtual data communications modalities. Octave pulse data is a form of isomorphic process that occurs in a wireless networking environment i.e. replacing one thing with another without effecting any obvious change to host network elements. Therefore octave pulse data modalities are transparent to selected host wireless communications network, and cause no disruption to the host data communications pathways and network elements.
Another luminary of physics was Werner Heisenberg. In 1927 he constructed a new characterization of the electron. He said that an electron is a particle that yields only limited information. That is an electron's location can be specified at this instant, however we cannot impose on it a specific speed and direction at the “setting-off. Or conversely, if one attempts to fire it at a certain speed in a direction, then one cannot specify exactly what its starting-point is, or of course, its end-point. This description sounds like a very crude characterization, it is not. Heisenberg gave it depth by making it precise. The information that the electron carries is limited in its totality. That is, for instance, its speed and its position fit together in such a way that they are confined by the tolerance of the quantum. This is the profound idea: one of the great scientific ideas, not only of the 20th and 21st Centuries, but also in the history of science. Heisenberg called this the “Principle of Uncertainty. In one sense, it is a robust principle of the everyday, and is core to all modern communication theory, and practical communication system design and operation.
We know that we cannot expect the world and its wireless communication systems to be exact and to be always predictable in terms of performance and predictable. Heisenberg's principle says that no events, not even atomic events, can be described and thus maintained with certainty, that is, with zero tolerance. What makes the principle profound is that Heisenberg specifies the tolerance that can be reached. The measuring rod is Max Planck's quantum. In 1900 Planck published a seminal paper that stated “in a world in which matter comes in lumps, energy must come in lumps, i.e. quanta also.” In the world of the atom: photons, electrons and neutrons, the area of uncertainty are always mapped out by the quantum. Every communications related algorithm, every protocol, every modulation scheme is an act of attempting to increase with certainty, wireless communication system tolerances, and performance. This central quest for certainty expresses itself within the constructs of the present invention in one key means and method. The “search for system simplicity.
Simplifying the flow of data information in wired and wireless “pipelines, and reducing bandwidth hungry overhead and over complex information routing and handling, creates increased diversity for effective application specific data content transport, management and processing. Simplifying any information flow, whether it's a chemical, biological, or an atomic particle medium, improves information transfer efficiency. Consequently it is not what the information content is, but how conventional data bit information increments can be simply converted to, and transported as, discrete octave pulse signatures with speech frame constructs. Octave pulses are designed as information transport mediums that operate perfectly through a plurality of pulse code modulated (PCM) wired mediums, that use pulse amplitude modulation (PAM), and other pulsed transmission based mediums. In terms of wireless mediums, octave pulses are transported through digital air interface speech channels, using traditional GSM-TDMA Gaussian minimum shift keying (GMSK), and other TDMA and CDMA systems using quadrature shift key (QSK) and binary shit key (BSK) modulation schemes respectively. Such logically defined air interface channels that are endemic to GSM TDMA, IS-136-TDMA digital cellular and its variants, IS-95-CDMA, CDMA-2000 digital cellular and its variants are perfect mediums to transparently transport octave pulse data (OPD).
Pulse code modulation (PCM) is essentially analog-to-digital conversion of a special type where the information contained in the instantaneous samples of an analog signal is represented by digital words in a serial bitstream. There is nothing new about PCM, Alex Reeves predicted the means and methods of PCM in 1937. This seminal input or encoded conversion process begins as samples of voice information waveform is data sampled and converted to digital bit streaming information. PCM is an example of envelope encoding. PCM is also known as adaptive delta pulse code modulation (ADPCM). Thusly, the output or decoded conversion process begins as the received bit stream is converted back to analog voice waveform. Eleven years earlier than Reeves, Harry Nyquist of Bell Laboratories defined his cogent “Sampling Theorem. He posited that the sampling frequency determines the limit of audio frequencies that can be reproduced digitally. Also, the highest frequency that can be accurately represented is one-half of the sampling rate. Nyquist's important theorem was key to Alex Reeve's work in mathematics that defined pulse code modulation (PCM). Shannon's, Nyquist's and Reeve's breakthroughs are key to understanding the means and method of the present invention.
All TDMA and CDMA air interface traffic-speech channels, and PCM circuits convert and process voice information in essentially the same means and methods. These familiar methods encompass processes such as convolutional codes, code interleaving and the like, and are essential to such modulation coding schemes as binary phase shift keying (BPSK) and quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK). According to Shannon All BPSK and QPSK related codes and their variants achieve coding gains at the expense of bandwidth expansion. That is, when the redundant bits used in any channel space are used to provide coding gains, the overall data rate and, consequently bandwidth is increased for the same information rate. Typically in digital voice frame constructs overall information rate exchange on both ends is reduced. Therefore these convolutional codes are not incorporated into modems and thus modem protocols. Designers tend to limit the best component structures of a given medium in order to achieve a much lessor degree of performance. This thinking is reminiscent of the former days of oil exploration, when petroleum companies used to drain off the gasoline and discard it, for it was deemed useless until the automobile came along. This fact alone limits sending conventional modernized data over GSM-TDMA, TDMA and CDMA air interface digital speech and pulse code modulated (PCM) channels without using a specialized modem on each end of the communications event. Most wireless and networking protocols are based on old “pyramidal thinking. Interestingly the invention uses these modulation code limitations inherent in PCM based PSTN, GSM TDMA, IS-95 CDMA and IS-136 TDMA to their best technical performance advantage, thus maximizing the original design of these conventional systems, without relying upon old thinking that originally formalized these old concepts.
Therefore, the invention enables transport of high-speed octave pulse signatures through conventional digital voice channel frames and subframes without taxing finite data and voice channel bandwidth limits. These digital transport means are inherent with respect to selected host network bearer service and teleservice data pathways and networks elements. These bearer service and teleservice feature sets are essential to GSM, IS-95 CDMA, IS-136 TDMA, wideband CDMA, Wideband TDMA, UMTS, GPRS, IMT-2000 and CDMA-2000. The invention dramatically streamlines these systems and services. This streamlining process enables a merging of PDA centered services, telemetry services and web-clipping services within the substrate layers of one grand ubiquitous protocol method and process called the Octave Pulse-Virtual Transaction based Data Network (OP-VTDN). OP-VTDN also embodies the inventions modified short message service messaging (MSMS) and network routing protocols that in fact also encompass octave pulse data (OPD) means and methods. OPD combines the structured language of music and processes of creating and storing digital music, with the language processes of generating digital data during the venerable processes of converting analog voice, and sound into digital bit streams travelling through selected digital traffic channels. This important multi source synthesis in fact creates a cogent modality that is unprecedented in the wireless data and networking world. OPD is a new digital data communications language protocol, that will revolutionize everything we know about digital data information processing, analog information sampling, analog to digital quantizing means and methods, and how OPD is applied to the wireless networking communications paradigm.
Information Theory posits the conversion of all electronic based information into quantifiable elements called binary, hex and decimal data. Messaging character structures are typically formatted in four and eight bit bytes for example. Zeros and Ones are the discrete units that fundamentally define what most observe in the technological reductionist universe. This concept also dominates current communication system design thinking. According to Shannon, it isn't what you know about a particular increment of data information, it's what you don't know or detect which matters in wireless data communications. Shannon's perspective is fundamental to the concept of using and manipulating existing speech frames, data messaging protocols, data packet modalities and packet routing patterns. The invention's core concepts are fundamental to its solutions. “take an existing data, manipulate that data, as a result of data manipulation, a new communication system paradigm emerges, that moves towards higher efficiency because of its core simplicity. All attempts to differentiate one radio modulation scheme from any other, one data transmission scheme from another, whether its spreading codes or defining data frames in temporally defined increments, are attempts to manipulate scarce radio spectrum. The inventions core protocol approach extends Shannon's thinking to new heights. One attempt in the art invented by Gottfried Underboeck is called trellis-coded modulation (TCM). TCM combines multilevel modulation and coding to achieve coding gain without bandwidth expansion. TCM has been adopted for use in the CCITT-ITU V.32 modem data management protocol. However TCM has to be designed into the modulation scheme at inception, therefore intended advantages are again regulated to the world of convoluted thinking that solves technical problems by building and selling new boxes, thus wasting human and material resources. The inventions OPD means and method act as a transparent data overlay and requires no specialized and separate hardware to enable host network compatibility.
ODP is perfect for the new edge technologies such as the new universal Wireless Application Environment (WAE) that supports Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). WAE specifies an application framework for wireless device such as conventional mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDA) and the invention Virtual Transaction Terminal (VTT) WAE topological framework extends and leverages other WAP technologies. OPD is designed to operate seamlessly within the substrate layers of WAE and all other WAP technologies it supports. Other WAP technologies support Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and Wireless Session Protocol (WSP), as well other Internet based technologies such as XML, URLs, scripting, and various content formats. The invention's focus is aimed at enabling operators, manufacturers, and content developers to meet the challenges of implementing advanced differentiating services and applications in a fast and diverse manner. Octave pulse data elegantly enables WAE to support all the intended WAP iterations through logical channel structures that cannot occur by any other means and methods. OPD also enables a novel approach to Internet Telephony applications such as voice over the Internet, especially in the areas of providing International long distance services. OPD also enables a unique approach to simultaneous voice and data services. OPD provides novel Internet telephony with WAP compliant Web clipping service data and telemetry service data with voice data within the substrate layers of one OPD application specific data event. OPD creates an elegant Internet wireless web-browsing protocol that surpasses the imitations of WAP.
Thusly the theoretical becomes the actual in terms of creating elegant solutions enabling WAE and WAP using the new OPD encoding and decoding algorithmic procedures designed to integrate with digital traffic channel voice-sampler frames, a harmonic pulse signatures that are measured and quantified in an arbitrary means and method. Voice information transported through a digital medium is much easier to manage than modernized data. In yet another sense, the user of OPD is not confined to a reductionist universe when comparing OPD to selected conventional modem protocol schemes. In fact, GSM 900/1800/1900 cannot support data through “voice channels. GSM has provided many different connection based and connectionless data pathways, all are not good choices for web-based information gathering information and application specific telemetry data because of over complexity that results in prohibitive expense and low performance.
OPD utilizes structured bit patterns that are transparent to TDMA and CDMA digital voice traffic channel frames and subframes, but fit like a glove virtually within each frame and subframe. The invention's new protocol modality appears as fluctuating pulses, patterned in “stair cased formats, generated in seemingly random but predictable patterns, when viewed with a spectrum analyzer. Each octave pulse signature that is a sharply defined harmonic quantum. Octave pulses depart from human voice pattern with more definition and predictability. For example human voice pulses occur as a result of analog to digital conversion during a normal voice conversation. However, with in a normal conversation the human voice transmits many fluctuations, pitches and variations that do not possess cogent increments of quantifiable and predictable phenomena. Each human voice generated pulse has unpredictable waveform characteristics in terms of attack and decay phenomenon. Therefore the invention's well-structured octave pulse harmonic-fluctuations and variations are extrapolated from the combination of musical harmonics expressed in terms of pitch, timbre, amplitude, interval, and polyphonic patterns, coupled with the processes and procedures endemic to mobile wireless telephony, and voice frame sampling. Octave pulse data is the first technology that uses sound-harmonic pulse structures derived from accurately defined 5 ms generated subframes from timed and predictable sampled 5 ms pulses that are not generated from acoustic sources, but are derived and generated synthetically. Part of the octave pulse process is basically a digital sound sample to digital medium sample transfer that provides an incredible level of accuracy, data bitstream integrity, and data session robustness.
Octave pulses are comparable with musical key notations and F#, A-, C natural and the like. Musical notations are truly mathematical. Johann Sabastion Bach the great composer of the “Baroque Period, was a true genius. He was also a great mathematician with respect to musical notation manipulation in a tactile kinetic sense. The mathematical structures of music are completely applied in octave pulses in a sort of digital Pythagorean mathematical “Music of the Spheres pulse computation.
The invention also utilizes Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) protocol. MIDI data is a very efficient method of representing musical performance information, and sending instruction sets from one digital instrument to another. The invention uses MIDI data constructs for the purpose of sending octave pulse signature construct instruction from any human machine interface (HMI) such as a personal digital assistant (PDA) touch screen, to the octave pulse storage (OPS) data base to the octave pulse engine (OPE) via integrated circuit base logic (ICBL). This octave pulse protocol action transpires during octave pulse subframe generation by the octave pulse based OP-CODEC system.
There is no reason that the speech rate endemic to GSM TDMA traffic channels and the like cannot support octave pulse data throughput rates, that will provide 4.8 Kilobyte of conventional data characters during a five to seven second data event cycle. Each octave pulse has an essentially arbitrary conversion value that derives an eight-bit byte per pulse with respect to intended application information formatting. Thus the invention provides for singular, dual, triarticulated resonant characters that convert to eight bit bytes on each end of the OP-VTDN network. Therefore each byte equals conventional numeric characters 0-9, hex, decimal, binary, ASCII characters and the like. Octave pulses are digitally configured as a “singular signature pulse, “dual signature pulse, and “tri-signature pulse variations, deriving 16 kbps, 24 kpbs and 32 kbps data throughput rates respectively. Octave pulses will operate easily without causing unwanted host digital traffic channel frame and subframe attenuation or intersymbol interference (ISI). Most digital traffic channel structures known in the Art today such as International GSM TDMA, UMTS, and U.S. Standards IS-136 TDMA-EDGE, and IS-95 CDMA-2000 can support a minimum of 1.6 Kbps data as an aggregate rate while utilizing single octave pulse signatures in speech frames. A speech sampling rate of 8 kHz is the common standard for all narrow band GSM TDMA, IS-136-TDMA, IS-95-CDMA digital cellular telephone standards. Each of theses network standards also utilizes a 20 ms frame burst format, that also includes four 5 ms subframes within each burst. Each of these 5 ms subframes is used and or generated by the invention to contain a 5 ms octave resonate pulse. Accordingly, the invention's novel Octave Data Protocol (OPD) is designed to generate, encode and transmit from the origination end harmonically structured pulse signatures. When OPD pulses are decoded by the OP-VDTN host digital signal processor (DSP) on the network virtual host system (VHS) located within the component structures of the inventions Network Operation Center (NOC). These octave pulses will convert to characters 0-9, *, # and A-Z. These characters have familiar quantitative values when displayed on a human machine interface (HMI) screen with respect to a PDA screen and its supportive intelligent sleeve. Each Octave pulse possesses a specific bit structure that match one, two or three 8 bit-byte character constructs derived from one, two and three “note, pulsed sound coding constructs. Octave pulses are directly formatted into the sampling bit structures of a GSM TDMA radio, or CDMA radio by special mobile station (MS) encoding and decoding componentry.
Also this novel communicative OPD protocol is derived and occurs without disrupting conventional voice, user and signaling traffic flow in selected GSM PLMN or other related TDMA and CDMA networks. OPD requires no specialized modems, and add-on terminal devices. While fax protocols generate tones spread over a plurality of frames and subframes. Facsimile data requires multiple layers of modulated-demodulated protocol in order to begin and end a fax event successfully. Each octave pulse is a 5 ms subframe and each subframe possesses a discrete differentiated harmonic value. Both ends of the fax transmission event have to exchange a lot of data before the actual user data transfer occurs. The invention's OPD protocol does not require any modems placed at either end of the communication pathway. OPD operates simply, comparable to placing a normal voice call over digital mediums. Therefore OPD is truly an EDGE technology, that will have a long useful life.
The invention also simplifies short message service (SMS) protocols, processes and procedures. Another means and methods involves (1) Manipulating short message service (SMS) packet modality and (2) SMS message-packet flow topology through common public land mobile (PLMN) intranet and public switched telephone network (PSTN) substrate layers. This simplification creates a completely new approach to enabling a virtual transaction based data network (VTDN) as a complimentary sub-layer to OPD. In some configurations OPD and modified SMS will operate during the same OP-VTDN telemetry and Internet data communications event cycle. The invention manipulates SMS data packet modalities in existing GSM and other analog and digital cellular radio terminal software and firmware means, air interface traffic channel management and the like. The invention also manipulates silicon based bus data, and logical protocols inherent in terminal radio silicon based encoder and decoder firmware and radio terminal operating system software that deals with voice and data call event set up, thus enabling OPD and modified SMS (MSMS) means and methods.
This manipulation means and method enables MSMS messages to bypass conventional out-going and in-coming MSMS messaging stacks regardless of point of origination on the network. Said SMS message stacks are located at specialized short message mobile switching centers (SMSC) that dramatically impede message flow, thus causing message delivery delays. Therefore the invention creates a novel modified end to end short message service protocol (MSMSp). These conventional network elements are inefficient, slow and were not originally designed for supporting time critical telemetry and Internet based web clipping data services. Short Message Switching Center's (SMSC) operating in GSM and other similar cellular network modalities are inherently slow and are inefficient bottlenecks. Until now SMS has never been truly acceptable for time critical application specific telemetry data and web clipping services. Such services as security system monitoring, stock purchasing and transaction acknowledgement, fire control system monitoring are inherently time critical. Services such as news service updates, weather reports, police tactical operations, airline flight information, emergency vehicle GPS position reporting, ATM service locations, emergency 911 services, and other related applications are truly enabled, cheaply and reliably for the first time by the inventions means and methods. The invention enables a clean and elegant packet flow topological pattern. This protocol pattern acts as a “punch-through-protocol, (PTP) that enables telemetry and Internet based web clipping message routing from selected VTT terminals to OP-VTDN message stack host systems located at a designated NOC facility.
The invention also provides gateway routing nodes (GRN) that are essentially Internet gateways that convert PCM 30, E1/T1, and ISDN data protocols to Internet TCP/IP protocols. Thus, OP-VDTN telemetry and web clipping data is sent from a VTT terminal through a GSM PLMN to a designated GRN whereby it is relayed to a selected NOC facility. This means and method is enabled at a very low cost per telemetry and web clipping data event. The cost of a OP-VTDN data message is substantially lower than any SMS based message known in the world today, regardless of the selected market and standard of operation. The invention's packet flow and routing characteristics can also occur in messaging layers of such GSM network services as teletex messaging data transmissions, message handling system (MHS), fax transmissions, packet assembler/disassembler (PAD) data, and fax group 3. What is revolutionary here, is that all of this key telemetry and Internet based web-clipping and web-session data traffic will be transparent to the host GSM or other digital cellular type networks. To selected host networks, OP-VDPN bi-directional data messaging will be “seen, as just another short duration voice and or data call. In truth what will actually occur is a very simple bursty octave pulse virtual circuit fast packet switched (VCFP) wireless Internet, web clipping and a telemetry data event. In another way, the inventions message means that utilizes OPD and modified (MSMS), PAD, asynchronous, and synchronous data protocols may be called “Simburst. In terms of cybernetic thinking, simple improvements in any data network reflect other evolutionary trends in terms of how a given system becomes more efficient. For example, advances in topological geometric thinking forced the art of solving specific nodal performance problem to be viewed in a different way. Most of wired and wireless network design thinking is still mired in the old star topology of the past. The invention provides a significant next step away from old “bell head, centrist thinking. The invention merges star topology with mesh node topology and is not cursed by the limitations of both.
Many recent failures of note have been the deployment of enormouslessly expensive wireless infrastructures, such as the abysmal Iridium Satellite network. These significant blunders reflect a collective industry arrogance that has caused many in the Wireless Industry to rethink their network design and deployment strategies. The ideas behind OP-VTDN means and methods have emerged as a result of a focused search for simplicity. By virtue of designing systems that eliminate the need to install a plurality of networking nodes: such as massive switch matrixes, signaling nodes, and messaging stack nodes, a better state of operation occurs, enabling a longer life for conventional host wireless network system that are operating today. By simplifying radio terminal operations, signaling and routing patterns, Internet based web clipping, web sessions, and telemetry data message handling, octave pulse data terminal components and NOC host elements will be simpler and thus provided at a much lower cost. Cost sensitive utility meters may now be deployed internationally enmass. When a system such as GSM SMS messaging can be improved to provide secure, more efficient application specific data messaging (ASDM), what results is the creation of one worldwide GSM MSMS-ASDM messaging standard, thus enabling the emergence of another wireless communication revolution. Coupled with the preiminate digital voice channel OPD protocol, OP-VTDN will provide much lower prices for ASDM messaging services, and cause the creation of application specific data diversity, serve society and create an exponential increase in web clipping and telemetry data commerce worldwide.
Just by rethinking the obvious in relation to the inventions means and methods, OPD, GSM SMS and other such conventional wireless telephony messaging systems will improve in performance, increase in flexibility without the need for physically changing network elements. This fact keeps costs down, and shortens ramp up time in terms of network reconfigurations and deployment of OP-VTDN virtual topologies, and application specific-data-modality operations. VTDN specific network operation centers (NOC) and strategically placed Internet gateways are easy to deploy because they are passive in terms of interacting with the host GSM and other wireless digital networks. For example, one OP-VTDN-NOC placed in Melbourne Australia can serve the entire country while virtually interconnecting to all GSM PLM Networks operating in one large geographic region of the world such as Asia. In addition, by placing the inventions Internet gateway nodes in other countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia, the Melbourne NOC can also act as the central clearing-house for all application specific data messaging traffic emanating from all fixed and mobile octave pulse radio terminals operating in a selected topographical region. The Melbourne NOC is interconnected with these heretofore mentioned regions via the Internet, and the cost savings that occurs as a result is significant. Fully deployed, the OP-VTDN network will look like a web lattice geodesic topological web that is essentially transparent to host GSM PLMN network elements, IS-95 CDMA network elements, and IS-1136 TDMA network elements. The OP-VTDN network means and methods will also meld seamlessly within the substrate layers of UMTS network elements, IMT-2000 elements and GPRS and GSM overlay network, and GPRS network stand-a-lone network elements the invention manipulates and utilizes so efficiently.
The inventions OP-VTDN means and methods enables a simple terminal software protocol change that enables a rerouting procedure within the switching matrixes of a selected host cellular or satellite carrier. OP-VTDN combines bearer and teleservice data service data packet transfer protocols such as SMS messaging, PAD data and the like a new paradigm for application specific data management is achieved. This approach is essential for price sensitive data services such as web clipping and telemetry. The invention also utilizes other conventional data systems inherent in GSM, GPRS, and UMTS network systems for example. The invention enables a more direct topological path between the OP-VTDN radio terminal and the host DSP node located at the OP-VTDN-NOC regardless of the specific configuration of host wireless network. Therefore these conventional wireless networking systems change operational states virtually. Thusly an important metasystem transition occurs within the substrate layers of a selected host system also changes transparently. Thus closed state dependent operations based on old telephony modal structures are eliminated. Throughout the world there are many GSM-SM standards that are incompatible with one another. The reasons for SMS protocol incompatibility are essentially illogical. The reason is based upon market share politics practiced by each network element manufacturer.
Each switching and SMSC message stack manufacturer creates a slight variation in their respective message formats, and message stack operation formats for market strategy reasons. This fact along has seriously plagued the Wireless Application Specific Data Industry. Because of the worldwide ubiquity of GSM as a standard and important new telemetry data paradigm as emerged out of the morass of narrow minded thinking. In fact the invention combines GSM network SMS and voice channel topologies with IS-95-CDMA SMS and voice channel topologies, and IS-136-TDMA SMS and voice channel topologies to create a globally applied OP-VTDN. The invention essentially solves this problem virtually, actually, transparently and simply. OP-VTDN is applied and operates seamlessly in accord with a plurality of international wireless, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). In fact the inventions combined OP-VTDN protocols, processes, procedures and apparatus create a new implementation for Wireless Application Environments (WAE).
Accordingly, it is the primary object of the invention to provide a completely novel Octave Pulse-Virtual Transaction Data Network (OP-VTDN) provides a new paradigm for wireless electronic commerce via the Internet world-wide-web (WWW). OPD is a Unified Messaging (UM) platform paradigm which encompasses many data and network protocol layers that is completely compatible with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environment (WAE). The top layers of OPD-VTDN protocols is the Octave Pulse Data (OPD) data language, based upon the physical and theoretical basis of music pitch, timbre and loudness expressed in the language of music notation and conversion measures are defined as sampled octave 5 ms pulse constructs. Each sampled pulse carries a structured digital data bit arrangement that signifies octave notations A, B, C, D, E, F, and G also known as the fundamental seven octaves, with all the iterations and variations of each octave measure expression. Octaves are features of musical perception by which all pitches with frequencies are related by powers of 2. Moreover, each octave embodies the seven octave pitch names in will defined harmonic iterations. This 7×7 expression allows for a wide range of octave pulse signature iterations and variations, in accord with the invention's octave pulse, complex wave signature design.
This musical notation process occurs while assigning musical pitch, timbre, and amplitude values to each pulse, conventionally construed as ad-hoc analog information. In fact each sampled pulse equates to an F Sharp (FS) in the key of with a beat value of 4, or a C Flat (CF) in with a beat value of 2. Each pulse represents a minimum arbitrary value of one monophonic eight-bit byte, and or two polyphonic eight-bit bytes and or three tri-phonic eight bit bytes that can be generated dynamically during a selected OPD data communications event. OPD data rates depend largely on the sampling rate of a given host digital data system that exists within the VTT terminal and the virtual host system (VHS).
GSM narrow band TDMA channels that operate frequencies such as 900 Mhz, 1800 Mhz and 1900 Mhz generate a sampling rate of 8,000 samples a second that is a “synthesized match, to human speech and hearing spectral limitations. Each OPD pulse possesses and produces an absolute value in accord with the assigned language constructs, of a given digital data communications system such as wireless Internet access, browsing, or web clipping or other form of application specific data communications language system. OPD creates harmonic pulse signatures that out perform human perceptual levels in terms of high, mid and low frequency frequencies. In fact all air interface digital traffic channels and land based pulse code modulation (PCM) channels utilize a codec sampling process rate of 8000 bits a second (8 kHz). This 8 kHz speech-sampling rate is universally applied through all telecommunications infrastructure known in the world today. However certain codec algorithmic constructs produce data resolution rates ranging from 13 kbps to 32 kpbs, while the sampling rate 8 kHz remains consistent. The inventions wireless Virtual Transaction Terminal (VTT) octave sampling and data conversion engine (OSE), and the virtual host system (VHS) system's integrated octave sampling and data conversion engine (OSE), generates the same 8 kHz on its input side, and 8 kHz on its channel coding output side. Both “OSE ends maintain critical synchronization with the VTT terminals “clock, the host PLMN networks 20 ms and 5 ms timed burst cycles, and other host air interface traffic channel and PCM channel network synchronization referencing means.
The new OPD paradigm produces high-speed digital data communication methods through narrowband and wideband digital traffic channel mediums with robust improvements that range from 20 to 60% over conventional data rates inherent to GSM-TDMA and GSM-Enhanced Data Rates for GSM (EDGE), IS-136-TDMA, IS-95-CDMA, CDMA-2000, Wideband CDMA, Wideband TDMA, UMTS, GPRS, IMT 2000 and other intelligent new EDGE related technology. These network topologies encompass a wide area of distribution for switching, routing and other node-elements that relate to network intelligence, and data and voice traffic management. OPD operates without having to modifying any host network elements. Therefore OPD is a pure virtual conversion process that occurs by passing analog pulse quantizing and sampling processes, and operates directly with digital pulse sampling and decoding means that in fact creates an Octave Data Protocol (OPD). This unique process occurs while utilizing existing digital cellular, mobile satellite traffic channels, PCM circuits that utilize specific speech frame and subframe-pulse arrangements.
It is an object of the invention for Octave Pulse Data (OPD) to seamlessly enable Wireless Application Protocols (WAP) and Wireless Application Environment (WAE) topologies in narrow band PLMN networks such as GSM 900/1800PCN, GSM 1900PCS, IS-95-CDMA, GPRS, and IS-136-TDMA. OPD also enables WAP applications in such narrowband satellite networks such as Globalstar CDMA, ICO, Moetius, Inmarsat broadband, Orbcomm and the like, where applying WAP is difficult if not impossible due to (1) conventional bandwidth limitations and (2) the overly complex WAP application layer complexity. OPD is designed to dramatically enhance and simplify application layers with respect to such broadband digital cellular networks as GSM TDMA, IS-136 EDGE, IS-95-CDMA, CDMA-2000, UMTS and the like. OPD will also improve digital messaging protocols for broadband telephony satellite networks such as Teledesic, Skybridge, AMSC, Moetius, and the like.
When OPD is applied to web-clipping data, full web browsing capabilities, wireless telemetry and telematics and other WAP related applications, it provides an elegant process that is rather straightforward, yet octave pulse data's simplicity produces a wide range of application specific iteration diversity. OPD protocol processes entail converting application specific data bitstreams, such as binary, hex, and decimal formatted data that is generated by wireless mobile stations, PDAs with the inventions intelligent sleeve, and stationary application devices operating in the field. One of the important issues the invention effectively addresses deals with some of the limitations of WAP protocols. The idea for WAP is to deliver Internet content to wireless phones. The reality is that WAP only brings Internet content written to the rather narrow WAP specification, applied to similarly enabled wireless devices. OPD provides the means and methods of overcoming the WAP bottleneck.
OPD is applied at network operation center (NOC) hosting devices, specially the invention virtual hosting system (VHS). The VHS system processes, reformats and reroutes data originating from application service providers (ASP), web content providers, whom deliver content and systems commands to selected VTT terminals operating in digital cellular PLMN, and selected digital satellite networks. Once converted, octave pulses are transmitted via logically defined speech PCM circuits and other related data channels where speech is transported. A primary process used in managing and transmitted digitized speech-sound information, are variants of pulse code modulation (PCM) algorithmic procedures. PCM algorithms perform three broadly defined operations that include (1) sampling, (2) quantizing and (3) encoding the generated frames of the PCM channel signal. Pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) is an engineering term that is used to describe the conversion of an analog signal to a pulse type signal, where the amplitude of the pulse denotes the peak of the sound envelop of the analog information. PAM and PCM and inexorably are completely intertwined in terms of performing a full range of sampling and quantizing operations.
The PAM signal can be converted into PCM baseband channel digital signal, which in turn is modulated onto a carrier in terms of speech related bandpass based, digital communications systems. Consequently, the analog-to-PAM conversion process is the first step in the process of converting an analog waveform via “soft sampling, to a PCM digital signal. The purpose of PAM signaling is to provide another waveform that looks like analog pulses yet contains the digital representation of acoustic information that was present in the analog waveform. It is not required that the PAM signal “look, exactly like the original analog waveform; it is only required that an approximation to the original be recovered from the PAM signal. There are two classes of PAM signals: PAM that uses natural sampling, also known as gating, and PAM that uses instantaneous sampling in order to produce a flat-top pulse in terms of specific types of waveform shaping. The flattop type of pulse is more useful for conversion to PCM, however flattop waveforms must be “softened for the purpose of achieving optimum performance in selected air interface digital traffic channel speech frames.
The PCM signal is obtained from the quantized PAM signal by encoding each quantized sample value into digital word. It is up to the system designer to specify the exact code word that will represent a particular quantized level, in this case the code word represents a digitized pulse with specific musical-harmonic sound quality, this is a discrete signature. The term “quantize, relates to the act of subdividing, in this case a continuous analog signal, into a quanta of digital samples, in order to express in digital multiples, an accurate digital reproduction of the original individual unit. The individual unit expressed here is a continuous analog signal, expressed as a phenomena measured in time, that has vector; magnitude and direction in time and space. This analog acoustic wave signal in fact produces detectable resonance signature called a sound wave. The invention retrieves digital samples from disparate sources. Once retrieved the samples are re-generated in a discrete 5 ms octave pulse signature quantum possessing all its desired harmonic characteristics. Each octave pulse is stored and retrieved from an octave signature sample register located in an octave pulse storage system within a VTT terminal or a storage area network (SAN). A SAN is located within the logical and physical matrixes of the inventions virtual host system (VHS).
An object of the invention is the creation of a novel octave pulse “complex waveform construct (CWC) that embodies an specialized envelop shape derived from a plurality of harmonic “signature characteristics. These specialized signature characteristics codify essential vector conditions, amplitude, pulse waveform shape, complex wave layers, and octave pulse wave envelope shape accordingly. The constituent elements of octave pulses are designed to conform to current designs in telecommunications networks. Octave pulse complex waveforms completely optimizes channel space characteristics, and minimizes most of the negative effects of air interface channel disturbances and landline based PCM channel noise. It is desirous to initially generate flattop pulse waveforms for database storage for latter use in the OP-VTDN network. However the same octave pulses must be custom shaped for transport over digital traffic speech channels and PCM channel space, depending on host PLMN network operations standards. These octave pulses generate well-defined musical-harmonic structures such as an F Sharp complex wave that is comprised of a combined first, second and third harmonic based waveform. Also, a single octave pulse signature “pitch, possesses a duration of 5 ms, with a beat pattern of 1-4 that represents a predictable yet, complex “pseudo harmonic signature. An octave pulse signature is quite stable when compared to a randomly processed segment of a speech signal or other baseband analog waveform that has poor performance predictability factors because of its convoluted and unpredictable composition.
The OPD pulse codified as a data byte-word medium is much easier to sample, quantize and encode for conversion to alphanumeric characters, special serial binary data codes, special hexadecimal codes, graphic content data, human language conversion and the like. The invention's accurately defined octave pulses are easier to predict, sample, define, convert and regenerate than any other digital data medium. Therefore it stands to reason that OPD will achieve much higher data rates then is the case with respect to existing digital air interface speech codec algorithms and PAM-PCM channel coding process, radio-modulation protocols and the like. Therefore, the invention completely exploits the PAM/PCM processes that are fundamentally inherent to all sampling value conversions involved in analog to digital conversions. PAM/PCM conversions are also inherent within analog to digital conversion algorithmic methods used in digital musical sampling instruments and other digital sound producing systems. Today all digital communications systems, processes and procedures are rooted in the fundamentals of “Quantum Theory. This important theory in physics; electromagnetism and chemistry is based on the assumption that the energy possessed by a physical system is quantized, and therefore must process information that is isolated in discrete units. Any selected physical communications system cannot take on a continuous range of values, but is in fact restricted to processing discrete ones that depend on a “piece of information, in terms of its dimensions, masses and charges within a given time frame.
PCM-PAM channels are physically connected and logically communicative with selected telephony exchanges, switch matrixes, digital routers and out-of-band signaling nodes. PCM-PAM algorithms are at the core of speech processing with respect to all PLMN and PSTN voice traffic processing known in the world today. Conversely the inventions virtual transaction based data network operation center (NOC) is comprised of switches, home location registers (HLR), digital signal processors (DSP), and TCP/IP packet routers. Contained with the NOC facility is the virtual host system (VHS). The VHS is comprised of octave pulse data sampling and conversion engines (OSE), octave pulse generation systems (OPG), octave pulse data character conversion systems (OPCC), octave pulse storage (OPS) systems, octave pulse human language (OPHL) character conversion servers, and gateway routers. Also, integral to the virtual host system (VHS) are modified short message service (MSMS) message stacks, switches and the like. Octave pulse human language (OPHL) character conversion enables a unique service to international users. For example, one OPD compatible personal digital assistant (PDA) such as a Palm VII PDA, configured for English language usage, may communicate with another OPD compatible PDA configured for the Chinese Mandarin Language, without either user understanding any language construct originating from the other end of the OPD conversion. The inventions virtual host system (VHS) manages all of the language conversion methods and acts as a transparent gateway between people communicating from disparate cultures speaking very different language constructs. The invention's octave pulse data constructs, coupled with its intelligent sleeve, and interfaced personal digital assistants (PDA) can also enable application such as wireless gaming, card games, board games, video games, wagering games, multi-player wireless games and the like.
When the English language OPD user sends a message to a Chinese language OPD user, the English language OPD user enters the desired language conversion and presses the send button. The OPD message accompanied by the conversion request is transported from the VTT terminal through the currently serving PLMN, PSTN, to the network operation center (NOC) and the collocated virtual host system (VHS) and its automatic human language conversion (AHLC) server and database. The inventions virtual host system (VHS) is truly a wireless application portal that enables access to the Internet world wide web. Once the message and its conversion header is detected and read, it is routed to the appropriate OPHL conversion server and database. Once converted the message is converted back to octave pulse signatures, and sent to the other end of this instant OPD communications event.
Such application specific systems that serve vertical markets tend to simply measure and report application system state changes. Such wireless application specific systems that serve horizontal markets tend to deliver and receive user information and wireless-Internet e-commerce transactions. These horizontal data transactions include stock market quotes, traveler information, news high lights, ATM locations, mobile concierge data, general information queries, local cultural event polling, mapping information retrieval and the like. Vertical market systems include automatic utility meter reading (AMR) devices, security systems, motor vehicle anti-theft and recovery systems, mobile tracking devices, agricultural systems management, vending machines, smart homes systems, smart commercial building systems, and mobile services that generate global positioning system (GPS) location information.
These application specific devices are physically attached and logically integrated with the invention's Virtual Transaction Terminal (VTT) and special digital data hosting systems located at a specially constructed OP-VTDN network operation center (NOC) facility. This conceptual and technical marriage creates a complete wireless and wireline application specific transaction data base end-to-end virtual communications system. Each octave pulse generated by a VTT or NOC facility possesses an equivalent information value of eight bit bytes of digital data. OPD pulses are transmitted over digital traffic channels utilized in TDMA and CDMA traffic channels, and pulse code modulated (PCM) PLMN and PSTN network elements. OPD pulses are in fact derived from creating mathematical pseudo equivalents of musical-harmonic pitches, with specialized attack and decay patterns that are quantified as digital bit patterns with assigned arbitrary values based on the WAP and other languages being served, translated, stored, transmitted and received on either end of the OP-VTDN network.
OPD pulses are sampled by the VTT based OPD digital sampling engine (OSE) as part of the OP-CODEC, at the same physical bus-logic point, and logical interval when analog the speech signal is converted into digital information during the speech codec interval that is coupled with channel coding algorithms utilized in conventional digital mobile stations. The octave pulse engine essentially bypasses the conventional speech codec without circumventing conventional speech traffic. The inventions octave pulse engine (OPE) and octave pulse storage (OPS) is either designed as an integral component of GSM and other TDMA and CDMA digital cellular mobile stations firmware, and software and electronic circuitry. Or, the OSE/OSP is designed to be the central component of a physically separate, yet algorithmically congruous and totally novel external OPD plug in module. This crucial component replacement and or modification enables the encoding and generation of specialized digital bit arrangements that produce pulse patterns that are decoded and converted into characters that have aggregate value of eight bit-bytes seen as four separate five millisecond duration subframes that comprise one 20 ms voice frame. Therefore one narrowband GSM TDMA, IS-136-TDMA or IS-95-CDMA 20 millisecond (20 MS) voice frame can produce four OPD pulses every 20 ms which equals a 5 ms duration value for each single character octave pulse. In terms of its first level of magnitude octave pulse data can generate 200 bytes or 1,600 kbps of data for every one second of stabilized host network airtime used, in digital speech traffic channels that produce 9600 bps under ideal radio propagation conditions.
Octave pulses can be further manipulated in order to produce two and three character variations per pulse, based on the resolving rate of the OPD digital sampling engine (OSE), shape, harmonic construct, and pulse vector of each complex waveform. The result of this manipulation is a doubling and tripling of data rates in current narrowband digital traffic channels used in GSM, CDMA, and TDMA networks. Using an OSE with high sampling resolution a single pulse with a derived dual or triarticulated character can be used. The dual and Triarticulated octave pulse has a value of 16 and 24 data bits each. Each divided pulse represents one, two and three fully variable characters with an aggregate data value of one two and three 8 bit bytes. This doubling and tripling of octave pulse character value effectively doubles and triples the aggregate data byte capacity of a selected OPD event without causing any changes to host network elements, in accord with Wireless Application Environment (WAE) guidelines.
An object of the invention is to create octave pulse patterns that are uniquely encoded into the bitstream structures of digital narrowband and wideband TDMA, and CDMA traffic voice channel coded frames and subframes. Octave pulses are derived from manipulating source sample coding and speech sample processing that are integrated as digital building block algorithms known in codec-COder-DECoder logical structures. Octave pulses are derived from generating pseudo sound pitches that are in fact complex wave signatures that are derived from codified octave structures and subset incremental musical notational measured-structures. These venerable structures are codified in conventional examples such as F sharps, E flats, C naturals, and other such derivatives. Well-defined musical notations are easy to electronically denotate and decipher, even in dirty environments as digital traffic channels. Therefore the OPD pulse protocol will produce high-speed data transmissions within the frame and subframe structures of logically defined air interface digital traffic channels, and pulse code modulation (PCM-30)-(PCM-24) PLMN and PSTN channels, or any other digital logically defined medium that uses PAM-PCM combinations. These novel OPD structures are applied in accord with a plurality of international wireless, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).
ODP will operate within selected transmission paths that transport digital speech information processing. OPD measured pulse-data packet increments can easily produce an aggregate 4.8 kilobyte payload message that is transmitted through a narrowband GSM TDMA based traffic channel and PCM transmission path. Specifically a 4.8 kilobyte payload of OPD pulse data are transmitted through a narrow band voice channel with a three-second, data communications event duration cycle. Add a 1.5 second call set up cycle, and a 2.5 second call tear down cycle with the 3 sec OPD data transfer duration, and what results is a 7 second OPD data event that produces 4.8 kilobytes of data for bi-directional up-link and down-link communications. Therefore OPD produces a 1,600 bit per second of true data throughput without any modification to selected host network elements. Key to octave pulse performance depends upon just how well intelligent end nodes, such as VTT terminals, and virtual host systems discriminate individual pulse signatures and at what speed. Octave pulses are derived from organic musical sound sources defined and transformed into values expressed from a tactile and auditory experience derived from a musical performance. This musical performance was later expressed or captured in the electromagnetic components of an analog or digital recording and playback device. Drawn from the discipline of physics and particle theory, one way of viewing octave pulses as groups of photons that produce oscillating waves. An octave pulse stored in a database may be defined in a broad sense, as an expression of a “standing wave, and an octave pulse oscillating in “electro-magnetically generated motion, is a “travelling wave, as it travels through selected channel space. Thus the argument that the codified, formatted and shaped construct of a specialized octave pulse signature waveform is completely novel with respect to its application is based on manipulation of photonic structures. In fact an octave pulse signature's form and function is as a result of unique manipulation of fundamental physical laws, right down to the atomic level.
The search for improved record, storage and playback resolution has always been the central aim and goal of all audio reproducing equipment manufactures such as electronic musical instruments made by Roland, stereo manufactures such as Marantz, and digital mobile phone manufactures such as Nokia. Musicians, music listeners and digital mobile phone users all want good audio quality from their digital devices. Digital musical instruments and digital mobile phones such as a GSM TDMA phone for example, process voice and other ambient sounds with analog to digital conversion protocols that operate during an analog to digital sampling and quantizing process. GSM TDMA mobile phones, and all other digital mobile stations process speech in the form of sound pulses at 8000 samples a second, equaling 8 kHz a rate that reflects the limits of human hearing. A phenomenon known as the “Nyquist Effect, a key feature of the Sampling Theorem codifies this 8 kHz Nyquist frequency. This is the central reason TDMA and CDMA phones process speech information utilizing this “8 kHz sampling rate. The invention exploits the Nyquist Effect, coupled with Reeve's work in defining PCM, elegantly and simply. Typical digital musical instruments such as music workstations that are essentially digital sound sampling computers have a core-sampling rate of 48,000 times a second, or 48 kHz.
An object of the invention is to dramatically improve existing circuit switched cellular system protocols and services without the need to add infrastructure elements to existing digital cellular networks. Currently, conventional cellular data systems offer analog and digital versions that can provide maybe 9.6 kbp/s or 1,200 bits per second through bearer service and teleservice data call channel space and switch matrix architectures. Certainly, newer EDGE high-speed circuit switched formats such as GSM HSCS offer much higher data rates, with claims that range from 28.8 kbp/s to ISDN speeds. However a given PLMN must change out all the base site radios and other network elements in order to obtain desired increases. In digital traffic channels typically voice frames will not support any other sort of data other than sampled voice.
The invention's OPD means and methods provide a minimum data rate improvement that ranges from 50% to 200% increase in aggregate data rates over digital traffic channels virtually. The invention provides the means and method for implementing seamless wireless electronic commerce transaction based services. OPD characters are transmitted and received in a selected digital cellular and satellite networks, delivering a minimum data payload assemblage of 4.8 Kilobytes with an aggregate air time consumption of three seconds. OPD network protocols also utilize a revolutionary variation of a virtual circuit fast packet (VCFP) switched architectured protocol. VCFP telemetry and Internet based web-clipping data services produce an overall transaction based event duration that ranges between 5 to 7 seconds, from origination to termination. OPD also uses a novel approach to connectionless protocols for message transfer between the user and the OPD virtual host system (VHS) Internet portal.
An object of the invention is to provide completely unique simultaneous voice and data (SVD) octave pulse data protocols, means and methods. Accordingly, the invention provides algorithmic procedures that enable the transmission and reception of specially interleaved octave pulse subframes that are interleaved with conventionally sampled speech subframes. These interleaved octave pulse and speech frames and subframes are transmitted and received by the inventions virtual transaction terminal (VTT) in the form of an intelligent sleeve with an attached personal digital assistant (PDA) and the virtual host systems (VHS) located at a network operations center. Accordingly, Octave pulse SVD operates without causing disruption or circumvention of conventional voice and data services. Octave pulse data SVD protocol means and method completely exploits discontinuous transmission (DTX) speech traffic management algorithms in a novel way. The DTX mode takes advantage of the fact, that during a conventional digital cellular voice conversation, both parties rarely speak at the same time, and thus each directional transmission path has to transport speech data only half the time. In DTX mode, the transmitter on both ends of the conversation is only activated when the current speech frame in fact carries speech information. The DTX mode can reduce the power consumption and hence prolong battery life.
Conversely the reduction of transmitted energy also reduces the level of interference and thus the spectral efficiency of any digital cellular system. OPD utilizes the DTX feature by enabling a uniformly structured bi-directional octave pulse data “conversation. The invention's virtual transaction terminal (VTT) and the virtual host system (VHS) portal “converses in an “octave pulse dataword language, via selected host cellular PLMN networks, satellite networks and public switched telephone networks (PSTN). The DTX protocol is quite similar to time division duplex (TDD), in that data is transmitted from either end of the data communications event in a “staggered interleaved pattern. When one end transmits and completes a message capsule transfer to the other end, the receiving node responds with its own octave pulse message capsule transmission. Consequently, the invention utilizes its previously disclosed interleaved speech frame and octave pulse protocol in accord with conventional DTX/TDD algorithms.
Accordingly, the invention provides the means of interleaving not only 20 ms speech frames, with 20 ms octave pulse frames, but also interleaving 5 ms speech subframes and 5 ms octave pulse dataword subframes. In this way the invention provides the means and methods of providing quality speech and data during one octave pulse data (OPD) communications event. At the end of an OPD data communications event each node completes its message transmission by transmitting an acknowledgement octave pulse message capsule, which terminates and completes the event. Therefore the invention creates a novel SVD communications system, in accord with the OPD data communications language that operates virtually and actually within a plurality of international wireless and PSTN networks. Octave pulse SVD protocols comply with web browsing protocols, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). OPD provides SVD data protocol constructs that enable simultaneous digital voice and data dispatch to numerous recipients in one multipath dispatch event. The invention provides text to speech, and speech to text algorithms, protocols, and procedures within each VTT terminal bus logic firmware and software modules and is managed and supported at the virtual hosts system (VHS) portal located at the OPD network operation center (NOC).
Some wireless telephony standards require different call set-up and tear down procedures that stipulate a wide range of multi-layered parameters that tend to increase or decrease origination and termination algorithmic procedures. The VTT terminal and any other mobile station that operates in a selected digital cellular network must utilize these conventional call set-ups and tear down procedures. Therefore, the OPD event duration is measured as a process that includes call set-up and tear down procedures respectively. OPD pulse protocol characters will transmit through any selected narrowband and wideband digital TDMA and CDMA traffic voice channel medium, known to be utilized in all wireless digital terrestrial and space segment networks. OPD creates a novel virtual data transport layer, and in a new data communications language that operates virtually and actually within a plurality of international wireless, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).
An object of the invention is to create specialized OPD message word formats, and routing algorithms. The invention provides VTT terminals that are compatible to operation standards of a GSM network, an IS-95 CDMA, a CDMA-2000 network, and an IS-136-EDGE TDMA for example. The VTDN network operations center (NOC), and its integral virtual host system (VHS) portal can manage all VTT terminal host network standard formats. Because once octave pulse bitstreams pass through a selected digital air interface speech channel, the bitstream is decompressed and transcoded into PCM circuit data. The PCM transmission path format is a PCM 24 or PCM 30 circuit embodied in a T1 or E1 PSTN network respectively. These speech circuits deliver the OPD bitstream to the virtual host system (VHS) portal originating from a selected PLMN. Host network data transports means is essentially the same, regardless of the air interface standard that the VTT terminal is operating in. Moreover, the conventional differentiation of each separate digital cellular standard becomes immediately transparent and irrelevant in relation to the contained data as managed by the virtual host system (VHS) as portal to the Internet.
Therefore with reference to Shannon's Theorem, the invention follows the lucid constructs of Information Theory, i.e., specific information modality is not important, its is how information is managed without disrupting the original intent of the network in question. In fact, the invention provides another important feature, simultaneous voice and data services that transpire during one combined octave pulse data event. The data coming from the speech codec are channel coded, before they are forwarded to the modulator in the transmitter. The channel coder, adds some redundancy back into the data bitstream, but does so in a very careful and orderly way so that receiver on the other end of a noisy transmission path can correct bit errors caused by the channel. Almost 40% of total speech channel data throughput rate is consumed by channel coding with respect to error correction. The receiver needs the extra bits the channel coder ads, in order to perform this important function.
Channel coding almost doubles the data rate to 22.kbp/s. The invention takes complete advantage of fact that various channel coding manipulations will provide algorithmic modalities that enable significantly expanded narrow band and wideband air interface channel throughput rates while transporting octave pulse data with specially coded subframes. The invention provides specialized octave pulse data words, word data blocks and automatic repeat request (ARQ) functions to the OPD bitstream protocol. The invention provides modem like functions without the ponderous overhead functions, and added synchronization modalities that modem protocols add to the wireless data equation.
The invention provides a novel modified short message service (MSMS) protocol. The concepts involves means originating an SMS event without involving the serving networks short message switching center (SMSC) and its message stack system. The invention performs and specialized call set up algorithm that involved routing the call to the invention virtual host system (VHS) located at the network operations center (NOC), thus bypassing conventional SMS PLMN network elements. The routed application specific message is comprised of the invention's MSMS data packet stream that contains between 160-640, 8 bit byte MSMS characters. The MSMS data call is routed through an asynchronous or synchronous data pathway directly to the VTDN NOC facility. This novel action bypasses the GSM PLMN short message switching center and storage stack system. This manipulated short message system process requires little modification to the selected GSM radio and terminal, and creates no adverse impact upon the conventional channel space and routing mechanisms of the conventional host PLMN network.
The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes. The invention combines forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers and network routing modalities that result in a application specific data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium and PLMN and PSTN PCM mediums. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to in accord with a plurality of international terrestrial wireless networks and space segment networks. The invention means and methods will enhance and virtually improve mobile satellite networks such as Globalstar that are compliant with Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).
The invention manipulates data packet modalities and data packet routing modalities such as the synchronous and asynchronous, transparent and non-transparent data that operates within network elements of GSM-900/1800PCN, GSM-1900PCS, IS-95-CDMA, IS-136-TDMA, UMTS, GPRS. Globalstar, IMT-2000 based, connectionless and connection based Short Message Service (SMS) or equivalents. This virtual topology thus creates a novel modified short message service (MSMS) that operates virtually and actually within a plurality of international wireless, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).
An object of the invention to create specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to; such as the asynchronous and synchronous, and transparent and non-transparent Packet Assembler Disassembler (PAD) service, in accord with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environment (WAE) guidelines.
An object of the invention to create specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific telemetry and web clipping data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as signaling system number # 7 (SS#7) based Un-Structured Supplementary Data (USSD) services that provide 80byte data packet for user data in accord with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environments (WAE).
An object of the invention to create special fiber optic based data communications called photonic pulse data, (PPD) as an extension to octave pulse data (OPD). The invention conforms to synchronous optical network (SONET) operation standards. The SONET standard encompasses optical fiber line protocols that generate data rates that range from 51.84 Mbits/s for OC-1, up to 2.4888.32 Mbits/s for OC-48. The OC-1 signal for example is an optical light signal that is turned on and off, that is modulated by an electrical binary signal. This signal is called synchronous transport signal level 1 (STS-1) for example. The invention provides the means and methods of converting octave pulses into photonic pulses with its novel octave pulse to photonic pulse conversions. PPD is used for direct high-speed data communications over selected fiber optic networks, without creating disruption to existing fiber optic protocols such as OCR Sonet and the like. The invention takes an existing data, manipulates that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, optical protocols that are essential to world wide fiber optic based communications in accord with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environments (WAE).
An object of the invention to create specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as circuit-switched asynchronous data services, in accord with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environments (WAE).
An object of the invention is to combine OPD protocols, MSMS protocols, PAD data protocols, USSD data protocols, improved GPRS channel management, messaging protocols, and digital circuit switched protocols, under one VTDN network multi-layered hierarchical protocol that is new and revolutionary Unified Messaging (UM) system. The VDTN protocol is designed to utilize the best components, processes and procedures from all disclosed bearer services while discarding the most inefficient features of each. This is accomplished by the invention's means and methods by taking an existing data, manipulated that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to while applying the invention heretofore disclosed protocol scheme.
OPD creates a novel virtual data transport layer, data packet formatting combined with a new data communications language based upon pseudo-musical pitch, timbre, and notational structures. OPD creates a new paradigm that operates virtually and actually within a plurality of international wireless. Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP), WAP Microbrowser, and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). Additional objects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part by the description that follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention's many protocols. The objects and advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by means of the elements and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
An object of the inventions is to provide an octave pulse data (OPD) compatible “intelligent sleeve. The intelligent sleeve is comprised of a modified digital cellular mobile station transceiver, octave pulse-CODEC, a specialized ARM processor, a global positioning system (GPS) receiver, and physical and logical means for integrating with a selected personal digital assistant (PDA). The intelligent sleeve can be physically constructed to allow a Palm VII personal digital assistant (PDA) to fit inside, or any other available PDA to fit inside. In this configuration, the intelligent sleeve id the VTT terminal. The marriage of a Palm VII PDA or any other PDA with the intelligent sleeve enables octave-pulse data (OPD) communications that originate from the attached PDA. The invention provides firmware, software and apparatus means that enable digital cellular or satellite voice communications, hands free digital voice communications, octave pulse data communications that support e-mail, e-commerce related purchases, web-clipping applications, automatic voice call placement, and the like.
The invention provides a novel stylus based “tap and call, feature. The VTT software in conjunction with PDA software provides a virtual “cellular phone key-pad as graphic user interface (GUI) which appears on the PDA screen when initialized by the user via his stylus and his physical tap-tap initialization exercise. The inventions VTT terminal based intelligent sleeve also enables global positioning system (GPS) based information gathering and display, compressed video reception and display, speech to text, text to speech, simultaneous octave pulse data and speech communications, and compressed speech algorithms for specialized concierge service applications. The invention enables the same benefits specific to the Palm VII, or any other PDA such as the Phillips Velo PDA(s), Avigo PVA, Clio PDA, Hewlett-Packard PDA(s), IBM WorkPad PDA(s), Casio's Cassiopeia PDA(s), Palm III PDA, Palm V PDA, Apple Newton PDA(s), Poqet PDA(s), Psion PDA(s), REX PDA(s), Visor PDA(s), and the like.
In fact the invention can take a Palm V PDA that is not enabled for wireless, and convert it to an effective and low cost wireless PDA and digital telephony speech based communications device. With the addition of the VTT terminal configured as an intelligent sleeve, the Palm V becomes an effective wireless PDA that may operate on all digital cellular and satellite public networks operating or planned for deployment in the world today. In fact the invention can transform any non-wireless PDA into an effective e-commerce device with the added advantage of offering a wide range of operations, applications and services that no other wireless PDA can provide. The invention provides novel interactive software and graphic user interface (GUI) constructs that enable a myriad of services. For example a user can take a Palm V PDA, Palm VII PDA or such other heretofore disclosed PDA, insert it into the inventions intelligent sleeve and it immediate becomes a GSM 900/1800/1900, or IS-95-CDMA, or CDMA-2000, or IS-136-TDMA-EDGE, or IS-136-TDMA-CDMA hybrid, or IS-136-TDMA-GSM hybrid digital cellular phone. Once this feature is initialized the user simply inserts his hands-free earpiece and combined microphone into the intelligence sleeves mini plug or serial plug.
Once inserted the user taps the PDA tablet screen directly over the graphic symbolic construct provided and a virtual cellular phone keypad appears. To dial a number, the user simply taps each keypad GUI symbol that simulates a two-dimensional conventional keypad construct. Also, the user may simply scroll through his address and telephone number database tap the desired number and the intelligent sleeve coupled with the instant PDA's software automatically dials the desired number. In fact every graphic symbolic construct that is relavent to digital cellular phone operation may appear on the instant PDAs virtual cellular phone PDA screen. Such displays as personal identification number (PIN) request, short message service (SMS) messages, the inventions modified short message messages (MSMS), SIM card status. SIM card wireless carrier readouts, receive signal strength indication (RSSI), message waiting indicators (MWI), voice mail indicators and the like.
Like any conventional digital mobile station, the inventions intelligent sleeve provides a wide range of ring tones and vibration alert modes. The intelligent sleeve also provides conventional mobile station rechargeable batteries that also power the inserted PDA. Essential logical thinking dictates that if a PDA becomes the virtual dial pad, and cellular phone display that the battery consumption of the combined intelligent sleeve and PDA such as the Palm V or Palm VII for example will be about even. Therefore it certainly makes much more sense to convert a PDA to a digital cellular phone than the other way around, with respect to current efforts of many manufacturers. The invention provides the means and methods of converting any selected PDA into a digital cellular phone, plus have all the features of PDA application features, coupled with the power and flexibility of octave pulse messaging technology.
Another object of the invention provides yet another key feature with respect to enabling ubiquitous world wide-wireless OPD-PDA service with octave pulse data virtual transaction data network flexibility and usability. For example when a user purchases an intelligent sleeve from an electronics retailer, he simply inserts his Palm III, Palm V or Cassiopeia PDA. The user then powers up the sleeve. Automatically the inventions intelligent sleeve detects a Palm V, connects to the currently serving cellular are satellite PLMN, which in turns routes the OPD data call to the inventions network operations center (NOC) and its collocated virtual host system (VHS) as portal to application service providers and the Internet world wide web. The VHS detects contained codes within the constructs of OPD data words, that indicate the user needs interface and specialized graphic user interface (GUI) software, that is compatible to a Palm III, Palm V, Cassiopeia PDA, Psion PDA and the like. The VHS system retrieves the appropriate software from its collocated storage area network (SAN) and transmits the software and other data to the VTT terminal configured as an intelligent sleeve with an inserted PDA. The octave pulse intelligent sleeve coupled with a selected PDA can also be transformed into a personal security device.
In fact the intelligent sleeve can be equipped with a passive infrared and or microwave detector, that detects movement within a specific range. Also, the intelligent sleeve can act as a wireless security server. The intelligent sleeve can contain an industrial system management (ISM)-DECT-Home RF, and IEEE802.112.4 Ghz to 5.8 Ghz wireless nodes that communicate with from eight to 16 interlinked nodes configured as a passive infrared, glass break, normally closed or normally opened contact closure device. These wireless devices can be placed around a given parameter such as a construction site, or boat harbor for protecting vessels and other related applications. The inventions octave pulse data (OPD) operates directly within ISM/DECT and Bluetooth 80C51 compliant digital speech/audio paths. Octave pulse resonate signatures are adaptable to any ISM/DECT/Bluetooth 80C51 speech and audio communication link paths that support digital sampled voice and audio. Any PDA can use security software, such as produced by Tattletale Corporation of Columbus Ohio. In fact the inventions intelligent sleeve can act as an intelligent wireless server that controls these wireless nodes, with respect to a virtual radio organism (VRO) type of application, for example the Clarion or Erricson smart Automotive, and smart home systems. The octave pulse data personal network operates within the standard and specification constructs of ISM standard, the European digital cordless telephone (DECT) standard, home RF, IEEE802.11a-e and the like. OPD is completely adaptable to Bluetooth, DECT, LMDS and MMDS wireless voice transmission paths were voice codecs are used to encode and decode speech information. The invention provide its intelligent sleeve to operate in a telemetry and telematics environment with respect to transferring octave pulse signatures through unlicensed spectrum based Bluetooth 80C51/DECT/IEEE802.11 a-e compliant speech/audio channel space from within a motor vehicle to a small compatible base site node located within a truck dispatch facility that has a limited signal propagation range. This OPD base site node is interface with the Internet world wide web (WWW), and logically communicative with the inventions virtual host system (VHS) as Internet portal, and its specialized web-page that further enables downloads of intelligent sleeve and compatible PDA software upgrades, updates and the like. In fact to save digital cellular PLMN octave pulse data air time charges, the intelligent sleeve can bi-directionally transfer octave pulse data messages and other such information directly via Bluetooth 80C51, DECT, Home RF and IEEE802.11a-e compliant modulation schemes and protocol schemes. Therefore and PC or Macintosh desktop or laptop using an OPD PCM/CIA compliant plug in card may also act as a OPD-VTDN base site node when the computer is also interfaced with the Internet world wide web (WWW) via high speed digital subscriber line (DSL) services, and other high speed dialup modem access. In essence, the intelligent sleeve becomes a virtual radio organism (VRO) topological mini-mobile base site with respect to utilizing unlicensed spectrum to facilitate bi-directional OPD communications between remotely places ISM/DECT nodes and this small base site node, that is also interconnected to the Internet world wide web (WWW) via a personal computer.
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification, illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention and together with a general description given above and the detailed description of the preferred embodiments given below, serve to explain the principles of the invention.
Reference will not be made in detail to the present preferred embodiments of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawings. In describing the preferred embodiments and applications of the invention, specific terminology is employed for the sake of clarity. However, the invention is not intended to be limited to the specific terminology so selected, and it is understood that each specific element includes all technical equivalents that operate in a similar manner in similar wireless and wireline communication systems to accomplish a similar purpose.
Accordingly, there is provided means and methods that create novel Octave Data Protocols (OPD), that operate seamlessly within the network elements of GSM, IS-136, IS-95, GPRS, Wideband CDMA, GSM-CDMA, GSM-iDEN-Nextell, UMTS, IMT-2000, CDMA-2000, Globalstar and other related network elements. The invention also provides modified short message service (MSMS) based teleservice and bearer service data packet constructs and packet routing protocols. Combined with OPD the invention creates a multilayred and a multi-functional octave pulse data Virtual Transaction based Data Network (OPD-VTDN). Accordingly, it is the primary object of the invention to provide completely novel digital data encoding and decoding means that creates an octave pulse data protocols. OPD protocols are created by converting conventional binary based application specific data produced, generated and encoded by fixed and stationary telemetry and web clipping data devices. OPD protocols also enable the novel operation of portable and mobile telemetry and web clipping data devices. ODP is also created within the component structures of the inventions NOC and virtual host that essentially mirrors the disclosed processes and procedures ascribed to the VTT Terminal, as PDA and the intelligent sleeve.
The VTDN NOC and its novel virtual host system receives data bitstreams that arrive in the form of transaction capabilities procedure Internet protocols (TCP/IP) and the like data bit formats. These bitstreams originate from selected vertical and horizontal market applied application service provider (ASP) messages, polling messages, paging messages, AT command set data instructions, forward information messages, and forward query result messages. ASPs do not generate octave pulses only the VTT terminal and selected virtual host components (VHC) processes and procedures. One or more NOC components receive the ASP originated data and converts said data via novel processes and procedures into octave pulses. Once the connection based or connectionless based interchange of data information has begun, octave pulses are transmitted from the NOC virtual host system to the VTT Terminal operating in a selected PLMN or satellite network.
The OPD, MSMS and other manipulated data is therefore transmitted over selected forward and reverse digital traffic channels, and forward reverse PCM, ISDN, Frame Relay based PLMN and PSTN channel space. These selected channel space formats are physically interconnected and logically integrated into the inventions network operation center (NOC) and integrated virtual host componentry hardware, firmware and software modalities. The inventions specialized virtual host components are comprised of programmable switching matrix means, digital signal processor (DSP) host means, octave pulse and data character conversion tables, MSMS telemetry and web clipping message stack means, and storage area network (SAN) means. The NOC is ultimately designed to remotely manage telemetry devices such as automatic meter reading (AMR) devices, security systems mobile tracking devices that generate global positioning system (GPS) location information and the like. The application specific devices are typically the originating sources for the inventions means and methods for vertical markets while adhering to WAE guidelines.
The NOC is also ultimately designed to remotely manage VTT Terminal based portable and mobile based wireless Internet web clipping information based on common personnel digital assistant (PDA) session, presentation, and application layer modalities. This VTT-PDA receives and transmits stock market quotes and other information, transmit stock buy orders, and receive acknowledgements with little delay, because of the octave pulse data protocols that transport the data information from the NOC after converting its originating data formats. The invention's wireless web clipping device also receives and transmits weather information, airline flight information, marine conditions, mobile concierge service information, mapping information, news reports, ATM machine location information, and the like.
The invention also provides digital data hosting systems that gateway and convert interlink are located at a specially constructed VTDN network operation center (NOC) facility that manages VTT terminal communications, authentication and application service provider (ASP) billing algorithms. This structure creates a complete wireless and wireline application specific data based edge technology based, end-to-end virtual communications system that utilizes Public Land Mobile Networks (PLMN), Public Switched Telephone Networks (PSTN), and the world wide web Internet network, in a completely novel algorithmic-protocol means and method. One octave pulse generated by a VTT or NOC facility possesses an equivalent information value of eight bit bytes of digital data. Therefore the inventions octave pulses are transparent when processed by end of the VTDN network. OPD pulses are transmitted over digital voice channels utilized in TDMA and CDMA traffic channels in International GSM PLMN, North, Central and South American TDMA and CDMA networks. OPD pulses are in fact derived pseudo equivalents of musical notations, quantified as digital bit patterns interpreted my conventional means and methods.
OPD pulses are inserted at the same physical point and logical interval when the analog voice signal is converted into digital information at the speech coder/decoder's physical engress and outgress point, contained in conventional digital mobile station as part of radio and bus-logic circuit board. In fact all GSM-TDMA, other TDMA and CDMA based digital cellular mobile station electronic circuitry concerned with analog/digital conversion of voice information is similarly configured. This crucial component replacement and or modification enables the encoding and generation of specialized digital bit arrangements that produce virtually travel within the substrate bit patterns of conventional traffic channel frame and sub-frame pulses. However OPD produces specialized bit arrangements that reside within the traffic channel frames and sub-frames. Said specialized bit arrangements are in fact measured and defined as pulse patterns that emulate musical pitch ranges, defined by well structured and discrete octave ranges, and further defined as musical notations. Said octave pulses are in fact decoded and converted into characters that have aggregate value of eight bit-bytes.
The invention converts received four and eight bit byte information increments that are structured into conventional air interface, and decompressed to E1 and T1 compatible PCM data packets, into octave pulse data. Once the invention's application specific data information arrives at the mobile switching center (MSC) it is routed and transmitted over Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN), or in-band DSO-DS3 through selected GSM PLMN-PSTN inter and intra exchanges to the VTDN NOC. Conversely the invention enables receives octave pulse data that originated from the VTDN NOC, transmitted over selected PSTN and GSM PLMN equivalents, converts the octave pulse data into binary eight bit byte data and sends said data to the logically integrated and physically attached heretofore disclosed application specific telemetry device. In some cases, the inventions modified yet transparent application specific information is routed from the origination GSM PLMN to a specialized low cost VTDN gateway node that converts DSO/DS1 packet data into Internet TCP/IP packets that are then routed to the invention's VTDN network operation center.
An object of the invention is to create octave pulse patterns that are encoded into selected digital TDMA, and CDMA traffic voice channel coded frames, derived from manipulating source coding and speech processing that are integrated as digital building block algorithms known in generic codec-COder-DECoder logical structures. These conversion structures occur whenever analog voice is converted into digital information. Octave pulses are derived from generating digitally defined pseudo octaves created to create well-defined data bit increments. Within the substrates of these octave structures, are subsets of incremental musical notational measured-structures that are codified as the musical seven octaves and intervals; A, B, C, D, E, F, G, with variants F sharps, E flats, C naturals, and other such music related mathematical constructs. Each octave pulse is also defined by its sustain musical interval sound distance of 5 ms. An octave is a measured interval of a given musical pitch such as “A, or “B, for example. Each pulse has signature of one or more pitches, that may possess full tones and semitones for further resolving power.
Every octave pulse quantum signature is equally grantissimo, and possesses hard edged attack and decay patterns, in order to generate octave pulse tones that have a uniformity, clarity and high level of pulse-signature OSE resolving power. This uniformity will increase the mathematical probability of the octave pulse data being detected on both ends of the data communication session, and therefore predictability of a successful data transmission is exponentially increased. The invention also provides tick-track bit patterns to add another signature flow that runs underneath the octave pulses, a sub layer that transports additional data. Therefore these tick track patterns provide another layer of information flow in order to create additional data character information in the same channel space where the octave pulses flow. All of this unique information generation requires no modulation-demodulation process or other such conventional data transmission information means and methods. Octave pulse data (OPD) is simplicity itself.
Accordingly, well-defined musical notations are easy to decipher and discriminate when probability of a successful octave pulse data transmission is achieved. Therefore OPD pulse protocol will produce high-speed data derived character transmissions within the frame and subframe structures of logically defined air interface digital traffic channels, and pulse code modulation (PCM-30)-(PCM-24)-DS0-DS1 or equivalent PLMN and PSTN channels, or any other digital logically defined medium that support digital speech information. OPD measured pulse-data packet increments can produce an aggregate assemblage of thousands of binary based, hexadecimal based, and alpha numeric based characters that are transported through selected air interface and PCM based digital mediums with a five to six event duration cycle. OPD protocols produce an aggregately measured data throughput rate that ranges around 16 Kbps without incurring channel frame attenuation and intersymbol-octave pulse collision in a channel structure that was not designed to operate at 13 Kbps. Therefore the arbitrary value of each pulse as an eight-bit byte far exceeds the conventional valuation for the same amount of data derived from a 5 ms subframe.
The invention creates specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific telemetry data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, embodied as VTT originated, or VTDN NOC originated data. Said data is formatted as SMS based asynchronous packets that are formatted to emulate a connectionless telemetry data that is transparent to a currently serving host network. The VTT terminal and or VTDN NOC facility can be construed as end nodes. Therefore, the originating end node initializes terminal and or NOC host system software that causes an asynchronous or synchronous data call set-up that in fact bypasses conventional SMSC and SMS message stacks.
The data call is established with the VTDN NOC and its integrated switching and host matrixes, and or the currently participating VTT terminal. Once the data call is established and proper synchronization and handshake is completed, the originating VTT terminal or VTDN NOC host system transmits the SMS packets through the GSM PLMN. This action bypasses the SMSC and message stack to the NOC via ISDN or other such PSTN channel space mediums, and or visa versa. The SMS is utilized transparently within the substrate layers of any GSM PLMN, ISDN, and or PSTN network without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as the synchronous and asynchronous, transparent and non-transparent data based GSM Short Message Service (SMS). Therefore, the invention creates an efficient, robust, and low cost modified short message service (MSMS).
The invention also creates specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats in order to originate specialized data calls from a selected VTT terminal and or a selected VTDN NOC and virtual host. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific telemetry data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulates that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as the asynchronous and synchronous, and transparent and non-transparent Packet Assembler Disassembler (PAD) service elements. The invention utilizes specialized virtual circuit fast packet (VCFP) packet formats that also utilize special octave pulse interleaving with voice information in the same channel and data event space. The invention provides OPD and VCFP in order to enable simultaneous voice and data over any of the heretofore-disclosed bearer and teleservice based physical data paths and logical data channel structures. The invention enables MSMS staggered bi-directional data information transfer through packet assembler/disassembler modalities in the same heretofore disclosed means and method as previously detailed. The same means and method operates within the operational modalities of digital circuit switched services, GSM high speed circuit switched data services, (HSCSD), CDMA high speed circuit switched data services and the like.
The invention creates specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific telemetry data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as signaling system number # 7 (SS#7) based Un-Structured Supplementary Data (USSD) services that provide 80 byte data packet for user data. The invention utilizes USSD to transport application specific data, and data call routing means and methods to the VTDN NOC, and or VTDN Gateway Node. Contained within the bit structure of the 80 byte USSD packet, is application specific data that always points the data call to the VTDN NOC via the currently serving signaling system # seven (SS#7) networks, that provides 64 Kbp/s data rates, and signaling system seven (SS7) networks that provide 56 Kbp/s and 64 Kbp/s data rates.
The VTDN NOC can contain a home location register (HLR) that is essentially a service control point (SCP) as a point-of-presence (POP) on any SS#7/SS7 network. The invention provides specialized and simplified data call routing mechanisms that are transmitted in-band, that is within the framing structures of data call itself, via such mediums as PCM-24, PCM-30, DSO, and DS1 networks accordingly. These heretofore disclosed PCM networks are distributed worldwide. No matter how the data call is initialized, its front-end data packet always points to the same terminating destination, the VTDN NOC facility that is completely interconnected to all TCP/IP Internet network node topologies, PLMN node topologies. PSTN node and switching topologies, and SS7/SS#7 signaling network topologies.
Therefore the invention combines OPD protocols, conventional yet modified bearer service, and teleservice data protocols that include manipulated and modified SMS protocols, PAD data protocols, USSD data protocols, USSD, PAD, and digital circuit switched protocols. The invention utilizes these selected data call service layers under a cogently structured and efficient VTDN network multi-layered hierarchical protocol. The VDTN virtual data protocols are designed to utilize the best components, processes and procedures from all disclosed bearer and teleservice iterations while discarding the most inefficient and bandwidth hungry features of each. This is accomplished utilizing the invention's means and methods simply by taking an existing data, manipulated that data which in fact creates an application specific data, without disrupting the conventional means and methods of the communication medium selected as host network transport means. Additional objects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part by the description that follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention's many protocols. The objects and advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by means of the elements and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
Accordingly, the aforesaid OPD constructs are derived from the phenomena of acoustics. Acoustics is a science that treats the constructs of sounds as qualitative and quantitative musical elements that are structured in an infinite scope of varieties expressed in nature and in the design and function of man made acoustic and or digital musical generating instruments. The scope of OPD constructs that are derived from music theory are effectively reduced to, and expressed in concrete terms that actually point to a given increment of generated sound. This increment is a “sound signature construct, that has a set of values expressed in combinations of pitch, timbre, amplitude, beat, sustain and other related aspects. These music elements can be adapted to coincide with other languages such as a plurality of digital communicative constructs utilized in intelligent end nodes and host network elements. Therefore musical sounds have some basis in physically measurable constructs inherent in acoustical phenomena and a communicative language from the beginning of Human History. Dual tone multiple frequency (DTMF) tones generate in the “key of C, over a wide digital traffic channel, and PCM circuit frame and subframe dispersion. DTMF and switch based multi frequency (MF) have been the basis for in-band telephony signaling since the Late 50's and Early 60's.
The human hearing apparatus is itself a physical instrument that captures waves of sound with its own scope of operating properties and limitations. Digital traffic speech channels carry voice codec/decode information within the substrate layers of GSM, TDMA and CDMA speech frames and subframes that carry digitized voice information at 8000 samples a second. Conventional mobile station digital coder/decoder that process voice information, algorithmically operate to mimic, create, support and compensate for the operating properties of ambient noise, and limitations of human hearing and speech while operating in the hostile environment of digital traffic channel frame and subframe generation and transport. The invention completely embraces these limitations, and converts technical limitations into advantages. All phenomena can be measured and understood by its spectral-harmonic-value, and its fractal-geometric construct coupled with its vector: magnitude and direction. Whether it is light spectrum, sound spectrum, electrical spectrum, or channel space spectrum; at the end of the day its is all spectrum. Octave pulse data is designed from the fundamental ground up. This posit supports Claude Shannon's idea paraphrased here, that the semantic aspects of octave pulse data information content is irrelevant to the problem of transporting octave pulse based application specific information through public land mobile networks (PLMN). In a real sense, octave pulse signatures are defined as “a digital message streams, that travels through PLMN channel space. Octave pulses are constructed of “electrons being created and carried by “photon packets, at the nuclear particle level. Whether it is a guitar string at rest or an octave pulse signature stored in an inert database, both are expressed as fundamental kinetic or potential energy constructs.
To extend this concept further, octave pulse signatures are complex electromagnetic waves that have kinetic energy like a standing wave. Within the constructs of the same idea, guitar strings when plucked produce kinetic complex acoustic waves, the former is a construct of stored electromagnetism, and the later is a construct of released kinetic sound waves, respectively. Whether at rest in an inert electromagnetic database, or at rest within the physical constructs of a guitar string, reduced to the atomic-particle level, the essential phenomenological expressions of both mediums are the same. For purposes inherent to this disclosure, comparisons in the study of electrical magnetism apply to the constructs of the present invention. The difference between a “standing electromagnetic wave,” and a “traveling electromagnetic wave, is essentially the difference between potential and kinetic energy respectively as applied in any electrical medium such as digital channel space.
The relationship between the perceived characteristics of musical sound and physically measurable acoustical phenomena is thus not always simple and direct. The human perception of sound is expressed in terms of pitch, timbre, and loudness. Sounds are produced by vibrating systems that transmit their vibrations through some medium such as air, through liquids, and solids. Digitally derived sounds are representations of “pseudo sounds, derived from music related data storage systems such as a music workstation, a music sampling system and the like. A conventional mobile station and the inventions VTT terminal as intelligent sleeve, is a handheld sound sampling and processing computer in addition to its other functions. Any telephony digital switching system designed for wireless networks or landline or other wise, is comprised of sound sampling and processing computing system. All telephony networks deploy massive amounts of dialogic audio and other types of related cards in order to produce sampled tones and sampled voice playback sequences. Therefore OPD produces digitally sampled “discrete octave pulses, that travel in frames and subframes of GSM, CDMA, TDMA, UMTS and GPRS digital traffic channel speech frame transmission bursts, and pulse code modulated (PCM) channels.
These algorithmic procedures measure analog increments of acoustic waveforms that are transformed from original sources may be captured by an oscillating diaphragm that is contained within a microphone capsule. The oscillating diagram moves as a result of receiving variable sound waves. Different pitches amplitudes and the like causes a microphone oscillator to vibrate at different rates. These comparative differientations cause low voltage to be produced from the microphone, sent over attached metallic conductors to an amplifier which increases the “amplitude, of the signal and thus sends the signal to loudspeakers for playback. Instill another process this electromechanical process acts in such as way as to generate a low voltage and thus transduces these sounds into “soft samples of analog information. In another context a microphone is just another transducer. There are many types of transducers that produce sounds as a result of applied electromechanical actions. Some digital pianos and musical sampling keyboards have weighted piano keys attached to a specialized transducer, or an electric guitar pickup that detects “localized plucked string harmonics, or the “striking velocity of a drum stick hitting a digital drum or drum pad that produces a pre-programmed sound.
Electronic musical instruments such as Roland digital drum systems, and the Korg Triton Music Sampling Workstations are essentially computers with specialized inputs and outputs, that digitally sample received analog and digitally reproduced sound information that was originally retrieved from externally recorded analog audio recorded sources, natural acoustic sources, and purely digital generated sources. Once received the sound information is stored in resident memory for later playback, mixing, and sound shaping manipulation and the like. Referring to
A conventional mobile stations sampling conversion is a process that involves filtering 262 this raw acoustic or analog input source 320. “Every 125 us, a value is sampled from the analog signal 264 and quantized 328 by a “13-bit word 328 in 8 bit patterns 329. The 125 us, sampling interval 323 is used to create a sampling frequency signal of 8 kHz 260 b, which is how 8,000 samples per second are derived from the source 264, and converted to a sampling signal 326 and quantized 328 from hard digital sampling 327 sources within the 8 kHz range 260 d. Shown here is a symbolic representation of a digital hard sampling signal 325 that is used previous to the channel coding interval, while still maintaining 8 kHz 260 c. Interestingly there is much correlation between how digital musical instruments capture, process and transmit sound information via integrated circuit based bus logic, and analog amplification and speakers, and how digital mobile stations process receive, and interpret received analog information such as voice, when considering this from a quantum perspective.
Like a digital music workstation the mobile phone or the invention's VTT terminal, converts, samples, quantizes and channel codes this voice or octave pulse sound information into a digital bit stream and transmits it to its host network destination. Conversely on the receive side, the VTT terminal as intelligent sleeve receives the digital bitstream information and converts the digital information back into an analog signal that is “played back via an ear piece speaker or hands free speaker instantaneously. This digital voice information is transmitted over GSM TDMA, GPRS, IS-136 TDMA, IS-95-CDMA digital traffic channels. A digital mobile station such as a GSM handset converts the acoustic voice information into digital information via sampling, and quantizing the information into data bit streams, and transmits the information in 20 ms bursts. Each burst represents one frame. Each 20 ms frame speech frame is comprised of four speech subframes; each subframe contains 40 samples. In terms of the aggregate, the derived quanta are 160 samples of voice information total. Each subframe has a duration value of 5 ms.
The invention manipulates these forty samples of each 5 ms subframe with an increment of pseudo harmonic pattern that is specially shaped with a sharply defined signature that generates a specifically measured pitch, timbre, amplitude, beat and other identifiable sets of complex waveform dynamics. By providing precise octave pulse signatures, conventional sampling and channel coding processes are optimized as result. In terms of any type of wireless data transmission, any RF channel is a hostile environment at best. Octave Pulse Data is designed to circumvent the effect of noisy digital radio channels and PCM circuits. Each generated octave pulse produced by the inventions fully synchronized octave pulse sampling and conversion engine (OSE), as part of the OP-CODEC is designed to be generated perfectly “fit, within each 5 ms subframe, that is encoded and transmitted and received and decoded by a VTT terminal or virtual host system (VHS). Octave pulse precision and thus predictability can dramatically offset the vagaries of a GSM or other cellular or satellite radio channel. Therefore recognition of a single or a plurality of octave pulses in a message bitstream is much more predictable thus enabling a high degree of octave pulse recognition by both intelligent ends involved in a selected OPD data communications event.
Major features of digital data transmission involve the techniques used to protect data or speech frames through specialized coding. Coding adds additional bits to the original octave pulse signature information, in order to provide a means of protecting original information in the same way conventional speech information is protected. The invention changes nothing in the way speech and data frames or optimized. The invention simply takes advantage of these coding features, and derives the best benefit from these processes and procedures, and stay well within host network operating standards. In a GSM environment coding processes are unique and yet are quite similar with respect to IS-95 CDMA, CDMA-2000, IS-136 TDMA-EDGE traffic channel, and Globalstar CDMA/TDMA coding modalities for example. This coding means and method gives data more security, since it is possible to identify and even correct to some extent data corrupted in the RF path. A simple channel coding scheme is to break the data stream into blocks or data words and then add a single bit to each block, which indicates to the receiver if the block is correct. This is an example of a block or cyclic code. Another function of channel coding for example is convolutional coding.
Convolutional coding ads redundant bits in such a way that a decoder can within limits, detect errors and correct them. For a code to be able to correct errors, a certain number of additional bits have been added to the data payload or “octave pulse load. The added bits are called redundancy bits. These conventional coding processes and procedures do not effect octave pulse data in any adverse way. If fact, octave pulse data enables much less data bit errors because each 5 ms pulse is highly predictable in terms of its octave pulse signature structure and its duration. An octave pulse is generated in the 5 ms subframe at the point and time of speech channel 20 ms frame by the GSM radio for example. Along with clean and predictable octave pulse recognition and subframe synchronization, there is yet another interesting feature to channel coding that the invention productively exploits. Referring to
With reference to
Essentially the same process occurs with the virtual host system. The inventions OSE, OCGS and OPCC are designed to synchronize with the input algorithms of the PCM encoder and the output algorithms of the PCM decoder. Octave pulse signatures are transported by way of associated PSTN and its PCM channels. Octave pulse data is also channel coded during the data compression and conversion process of converting PSTN channel data protocols to digital air interface channel protocols. This conversion takes place when it arrives at the currently serving base site (BS), base site controller (BSC) and or satellite transponder. Interestingly, digital traffic channels with speech frames are the most ubiquitously deployed wireless data medium in the world, and PCM channels have more comprehensive penetration world wide than any other data and voice transport medium. The invention makes the best of this situation.
To better understand the fundamental derails of Octave Pulse Data character structure, references to particular musical sound dynamics are disclosed. These specific sound dynamics are inherent with the acoustic effects of played instruments such as a piano, violin, lute or guitar for example. Strings that are struck or plucked during play produce unique harmonic constructs that are easily defined, yet are complex and reveal the fundamental harmonic signature constructs of each individual octave pulse and its unique pseudo sound signature (PSS). When many octave pulses are combined to create a data-message in a database, and then transmitted over a digital traffic channel or a PCM network a new data transport means is harnessed. When the message arrives at its destination and is read by a person, a new digital data communications language is defined. Plucked or struck instrument strings produce easily quantifiable and predictably managed sound values. The behavior of musically defined acoustic phenomenon is a predictable constant in much the same way channel coding, codec algorithms and filter coefficients predict the behavior of human speech patterns in digital cellular and satellite radio systems.
Syncopation can be defined as the “pause between the beats. Each octave pulse can possess an one to four beat signature that is a unique pattern that may be arranged differently, for each octave pulse signature connotes a unique ASCII, Alpha numeric character arrangement. Therefore this particular pulse has a well defined musical-tone based “octave language value, (OLV) of an F sharp that is combined with an equal or offset beat value of four 308. This particular octave pulse also has a character translation value of one to three eight bit byte(s) 307 and 309 respectively, with an ASCII character value of “TZ, 312 after translation at either “end, of the inventions OP-VTDN network. An equal or even beat pattern suggests the “beats, 344 have equal syncopation between beats, or “beat equal syncopation, (BES). An offset beat syncopation suggests the “beats, have an uneven or “beat off-set pattern (BOS).
Another part of the equation deals with mass “m, kilograms per meter of length is expressed as follows:
From this relationship it can be seen that if the tension and mass of a string remain constant, the frequency will rise as the length of the string is reduced. Similarly, if the if the length and mass remain constant, the frequency will rise with increases in the strings tension, thus changing the shape of the wave. In concrete music terms this means that if a violinist shortens a vibrating string by stopping it at some point on the fingerboard, the frequency of vibration is increased. It is this increase in frequency that accounts for the listener's perception of higher pitch. Similarly, if the tension of an open string is increased by means of a tuning peg, an increase in frequency is produced and thus a higher pitch. This relationship also shows that frequency is unrelated to amplitude, which depends on the amount of energy imparted to the string when it is set in motion and is thus related to the amount of energy that the string can impart to the surrounding medium; This energy, measured in watts per square meter at any point, is the intensity of the sound. An increase in intensity produces a sense of increased loudness, though the human ear is not equally sensitive to changes in intensity over the whole range of either frequencies or intensities that can detect.
In practical terms, if a violin string is plucked with increased force that is, if the point at which it is plucked is displaced a greater distance from the line that describes the string at rest, the amplitude of vibration is increased. This act therefore increases the intensity of the sound produced, and the loudness perceived while the pitch remains constant, and predictable. The entire length of the string described here is vibrating as a single segment and is thus producing a single frequency. This mode of vibration and the resulting frequency are designated with the label “fundamental. Strings and most other vibrating systems, however, generally vibrate in several modes simultaneously. In the case of strings, these modes consist of vibrational segments shorter than the total length of the string. This points directly the bandwidth of this string by virtue of its dynamic frequency range. An octave pulse also possesses a dynamic frequency range, for similar reasons.
A key element that relates to octave pulse performance is expressed as: “pulse to host system resolution (PSP). Mathematical formulas may be derived by simply knowing the resolving rate of a selected digital traffic channel, its serving system base site radios and VTT terminal filter; anti-aliasing coefficients and PSTN PCM channel performance parameters. Octave pulse signature resolving or resolution rate is based upon a pulse per second (OPS) rate. A host telecommunication system's “(PSP) rate thus reflects how efficiently a network node processes, discriminates, and fully transports from an origination point such as the VTT terminal, to the Virtual Host System (VHS) as portal located at the inventions (NOC) via a host PLMN and PSTN network. At this point it is still necessary to understand additional “string dynamic parameters.
In terms of considering string harmonics, strings can vibrate in many modes or states at once, called halves, thirds, fourths and so on. Referring to
Octave pulse signature complexities relate to the extent of holographic data bit pattern differintations that a given host network element will recognize during a traffic channel subframe, PCM frame and subframe coding and channel coding procedural event. Octave pulses are holographic data bit patterns that are sampled and stored in special databases. Octave pulse signatures are “whole pseudo-octave-harmonics, that are based on the manipulations of octave “pseudo-harmonic fundamentals, halves, thirds and special beat patterns. Therefore, each single octave pulse signature can produce specialized layered signature constructs, and still be accurately resolved by conventional PLMN and PSTN network elements. The invention's octave pulse sampling and data conversion engine (OSE) is designed to be set well above the resolving rate of sampling engines that resolve at 8,000 bits per second. Each octave pulse 5 ms “waveform, must be shaped in such a way as to match filter conventional codec filter coefficients that further facilitate passage through conventional filter frequency limitations. Octave pulses need to coherently match the “octave ranges of human speech within reason. Couple specialized octave pulse beat signatures, with “signature-fundamental-tones, and a full range of new range of arbitrary conventional characters are transported as a result. A series of frequencies consisting of a “fundamental, and ascending through integral multiples of it in this way is called a harmonic series. In a sense, the fundamental produces additional waves, in series with the same amplitude and duration. This process is much like a cell dividing in a biological process or photons interleaving as electron packets in an electromagnetic space with respect to any modulated radio and PCM channel space.
The fundamental is called the first harmonic, in terms of a specific “single tone-octave pulse. The “fundamental, in an octave pulse signature application relates to the “primary wave. The frequency that is twice the fundamental is called the second harmonic, a frequency that is three times the fundamental is call the third harmonic. Frequencies above the fundamental in this series are also sometimes called overtones, the first overtone being the second harmonic. In practice, then, a single string or other vibrating system used in music produces a series of discrete frequencies called partials simultaneously and thus produces a series of discrete pitches simultaneously. However, since the fundamental usually has much the greatest intensity, the ear, while assimilating all of the frequencies present, recognizes only the fundamental. In terms of octave pulse system design, all frequencies of a selected octave pulse are recognized, read and “weighted for its character value. The presence or absence of the remaining harmonics and their relative intensities contribute to what the ear perceives as the timbre or tone color of the fundamental pitch. The vibrations that produce each of these remaining harmonics can be represented as a wave of a certain length and amplitude, and the waves representing all the frequencies present in a steadily sounding tone can be added together to produce a single complex waveform. Therefore a complex waveform that describes the tone with respect to what is heard has both pitch and timbre. In terms of an octave pulse, it is not what is heard, it is what is digitally detected, resolved and processed at each end of the virtual network.
With reference to
The level of the analog waveform at the input of the PCM encoder needs to exceed the design amplitude peak of the host channel. Octave pulses must be carefully configured in order to generate proper amplitude levels, complex wave pitch, timbre, and wave shape. Octave pulses use digital sampling as the only resource for octave pulse signature generation. During an octave pulse data communications event, there is no direct speech sampling and encoding by the VTT terminal on network input side, and no digital bitstream to analog decoding conversion on the network output side. Digital octave pulse data is specially coded, synchronized and transported from an origination point in speech frames within a digital traffic channel, converted to PCM frames at the base site and relayed through the channel space of a PSTN environment to the invention's virtual host system (VHS) as portal to the Internet world wide web. When the octave pulse data arrives at the virtual host system (VHS) no digital to analog conversion is necessary. The PCM digital voice frames and subframes are detected and the contained octave pulses are retrieved and stored in a digital medium such as a storage area networks (SAN) for further processing and use for messaging. In a system perspective, octave pulse data communicates from point of origination, to point of termination in complete digital form. By eliminating analog to digital conversion and visa versa, most of the noise associated with conventional speech processing is eliminated. Therefore octave pulse data communicates over digital wireless speech channels and PCM channels in the form of a “digital bitstream during an end to end OPD data communications event.
This motion is created in such a way as to emphasize one or another of the harmonics in a measured phenomenological context, in much the same way as low power digital impulse radio transmits huge amounts of data across a wide spectrum, yet produces a low power signal. This data is read as a pattern of data essentially convoluted in background cosmic noise. Octave pulse data pulses must compete with the dynamics of amplitude, phase and frequency, with respect to relatively high power signals in air interface radio propagation environments, and PCM channel space. In a metaphorical sense, an octave pulse travelling in a digital traffic channel speech subframe, and PCM frame is like a passenger in a fast moving automobile down a city street with a leaky exhaust and holes in the floorboard. In this colorful example the passenger is certainly moving forward, but a stationary observer standing on a street cannot see who is in the car because it is filled with exhaust smoke.
Octave pulses that are transported within PCM signal constructs must contend with noisy switch exchanges and E1/T1 repeaters while travelling through selected PLMN and PSTN networks. The invention creates a “harmonic paradox, as discussed in
In order to achieve performance harmony at the point of pulse output, the recovered octave pulse waveform 269 will have near “flattops 270, suggesting a close proximity of host channel peak level values as shown in
Is it possible to invent a system with no bit error at the output even when we have noise introduced into channel space at input? Claude Shannon answered this question in the fertile period between 1948-1949. The answer was yes, in conjunction with well thought out assumptions and operating conditions in selected telecommunications systems. Shannon gave us a theoretical performance bound that enables us to strive for attaining this ideal with respect to practical communication systems. Systems that approach the bound of channel perfection tend to incorporate well thought out error correction coding. The idea is put forth that, if channel noise still causes errors at the input to the receiver decoder, enough logical redundancy must be added in the substrates of transmitted digital signal so that the decoder can detect and correct errors with its processing circuits on the output side. In analog systems the optimum system might be defined as the one that achieves the largest S/N ratio at the receiver output subject to design constraints such as channel bandwidth, transmitted power and host network element performance conditions. In terms of analog performance constructs, the evaluation of the output S/N ratio is of prime importance.
The next question, is it possible to design a system with infinite S/N ratio at the output when the channel introduces noise? The answer to this question is of course no. However, the invention takes significant steps if not quantum leaps towards achieving the ideal: octave pulse data: “a digital data communication system model based on an elegant simplicity, grounded in fundamental physics. This core simplicity may impact the “wireless-internet-telecommunications-networking world, with a profound increase in application diversity and flexibility. OPD extends and virtually transforms the operational life of current conventional wireless digital speech channels, public land mobile network (PLMN) infrastructure, and landline digital PCM speech channel networks that are the back bone of all public switched telephone networks (PSTN) known in the world today. OPD enables the elimination of costly and cumbersome data modems used in connection based wireless terminal devices. These modems depend upon complex data modulation techniques used in protocol structures that enable such systems as circuit switch data and the like to operate in most digital traffic channel frame iterations, with the noted exception of digital air interface speech channels. OPD dramatically decreasing data call event set up and tear down protocol cycles. OPD provides fast connect and disconnect protocols, coupled with significantly increased data throughput rates as disclosed.
Octave pulse data and its virtual transaction data network (VTDN) topology is designed to minimize the imperfections of public digital air interface cellular channels, and PCM/PSTN network elements. During an octave pulse data communications event, the data spends more time in decompression and compression circuits, PCM circuits, switching matrixes, line repeaters, then digital air interface channels. Certainly, an octave pulse-stream that originates from a VTT terminal through a “dirty, narrowband GSM speech channel and is corrupted at the point and within the medium of generation, will certainly not perform in optimum ranges through PCM circuits.
Lets examine how octave pulse data takes significant strides with respect to achieving Shannon's ideal. Referring to
Simply, the S/N ratio is a ratio that is mathematically compared and measured between the difference of the highest and lowest frequencies. As a result an average of superimposed white or static noise is derived. The higher the S/N ratio the better the sampled sound. If the analog sampling process is eliminated at the channel input, and nothing but digitally derived octave signatures are generated-inserted during subframe generation, that occurs simultaneously with channel coding procedures. Because digital octave pulses are devoid of the inherent issues attributed to direct analog to digital sampling, most of the initial derived noise is eliminated. Typically it is the condition of the original analog signal that sets the precedent for the quality of the post-sampled digital signal. Therefore, the octave pulse generator (OPG) must produce the original signature source for octave pulse complex waves with the highest resolution possible. With reference to
Random noise generates a “white, hissing sound and thus produces its own unwanted harmonic. Octave pulse signatures are harmonically formatted to cancel the negative effects of noise, while maintaining a high level of signature discrimination “above, the noise. Conversely, if the originating amplitude level at point of input is not sufficiently large, the signal to noise ratio S/N will deteriorate as well and octave pulse resolving levels will “sink, into noise. When this happens, sufficient pulse discrimination will be more difficult on the terminating end. If the input level is reduced further to a relatively small value, with respect to the optimum octave pulse-transmission value, all potential errors will be emphasized. This particular noise effect is called granular noise. Granular noise can be randomized in order to diminish noise levels. Additionally this process involves increasing the number of quantization levels, and consequently increasing the PCM channelization bit rate and overall data throughput rate.
The fourth type of quantizing noise that may occur at the output of a PCM system is “hunting noise. This type of noise is generated when the input analog waveform is nearly constant; including where there is no signal. For the no signal case, the hunting noise is also called “idle channel noise. Much of the above noise effects are reduced dramatically, and in some cases completely because of the novel features of octave pulse data generation, conversion and transmission protocols. The physical characteristics of musical instruments effect the “shape of complex harmonics they produce. All sound producing apparatus and electrical and magnetic phenomena produce harmonics that are also shapeable. Performance characteristics of digital air interface speech channels and PSTN based PCM channels, significantly effect digital waveform harmonics, down to the atomic particle level. Musical instruments generate vibrations that produce relative intensities of the harmonics, and thus the waveform or spectrum of the sounds produced. The spectrum does not, however, remain the same for pitches throughout the range of a given instrument. Instead, it appears that at least some instruments have one or more regions of frequencies in which harmonics are emphasized no matter what the frequency of the fundamental. Such regions, called “formants, may be an important element in the production of what is perceived as timbre.
The pitches produced by the frequencies in the harmonics series form intervals with the fundamental that are said to be “natural, or harmonically pure, except for the octaves thus produced, whose frequencies are related to the fundamental or “primary articulated waveform, by powers of 2. What is important in terms of octave pulse signature generation is that the waveform must represent a “steady harmonic. In a musical context an ideal “steady tone, might be produced on some perfect string free of the effects of stiffness and friction or on a continuously played wind instrument. In practice, however, musical sounds have beginnings and endings of distinctive characters, in much the same way a waveform generating data bits “stops and starts, in a selected digital channel space. Since the physical characteristics of instruments and the medium in which they operate make it impossible for the vibrations that characterize the steady tone to begin or end instantaneously. A digitally generated octave pulse signature that is derived from digital samples of selected harmonic waves is entirely predictable. Octave pulses are originally generated from pure digital sampled sources, and are structured for specialized uses, do not suffer from the absence of generated tone control predictability. Each octave pulse is originally produced from high resolution 48 kHz sampling sources, and then compressed in accord with the 8 kHz sampling rate specific to digital cellular speech codec parameters, OP-CODEC parameters and telephony based PCM speech sampling coders.
Plucked or struck instruments, such as the piano, in fact produce no steady harmonic waveform at all. From the moment they are first produced, the sounds made by these instruments begin to dissipate or decrease in amplitude. This decrease in amplitude is called the “decay, of a sound and can be represented by a “decaying acoustic waveform, 316 as illustrated in
The standing wave 201 a at “Z, axis 206 a existing at perceived time increment T1 point 211 a indicates that the electric 202 a is stationary at top dead center (TDC). In this example the term stationary means there is zero rate of change. At T1 point 211 a the magnetic field “B, 203 a produces no amplitude. Conversely, at time increment “T2, 212 a, the electric “E, 202 a passes at its maximum rate of change, from the negative or “static state quadrant, to the positive quadrant of the wave, that is from T1 211 a to T2 212 a accordingly. This atomic progression produces a maximum amplitude in the magnetic field “B, 203 a, point T2 212 a. In yet another paradox, at time increment T3 213 a, it is magnetic “B, 203 b at a maximum rate of change, producing a maximum amplitude for electric “E, 202 b. At time increment “T4, 214 the magnetic “B, 203 b reaches top dead center, thus producing zero rate of change, and electric “E, 202 c is zero amplitude. This travelling wave 201 b schematic depicts a single cycle of a travelling wave of electromagnetic energy. An energy field is made up of a large number of photons. An energy field arises because two polarizing elements attract and simultaneously oppose each other at the same moment in time, thusly producing a construct that comprises a an energy field or a single photon. There are two seemingly paradoxical aspects of about the travelling wave 201 b that reflect upon how octave pulse complex waveforms behave in digital traffic channel and PCM circuit channel space. For example, electrical fields “E, 202 d, and “E, 202 e and magnetic fields “B, 203 e and “B, 203 c are in phase. From the perspective of Maxwell's equations, they should be ninety degrees out of phase in order to be mutually dependent and inseparable as is the case with the “standing wave 201 a. Referring back to the “travelling wave, 201 b construct, the harmonic effect of charged movement, thus produces a “travelling wave, that from the act of observation changes a Maxwell constant 207 a into an Einstein relativistic construct 208 a. Thusly, applying relativity leads to understanding a vector model that reflects a “cyclical harmonic structure. In 201 c we can deduce the photon's structure from within its own relativistic frame of reference. Interestingly, energy cannot disappear without being replaced with matter. Thusly, irradiated and modulated energy cannot disappear without being replaced by cosmic noise or other forms of channel noise heretofore disclosed that arises in selected channel space under different conditions.
The photon's deduced harmonic structure explains the apparent attraction and repulsion paradoxes that exist within the constructs of the “travelling wave 201 b. First of all the time coincidence, at time increment “t1, 211 b results from the coupling of conjugate electrical “E, 202 d and magnetic “B, 203 e, and magnetic “B, 203 c and electrical “E, 202 e as resonance's in the photon's structure. This “viewed effect, thus produces a fundamental paradox in how we view the nature of energy and matter. Thus the postulate of fundamental paradox in all of nature including human consciousness, is also the basic model construct of all waveforms, and points directly as to how energy and matter interrelate in a selected radio, optical and metallic channel space. Supporting Einstein's relativistic view, lateral events are not affected by relativity, so we see from the actual, electrical “E, 202 d and magnetic “B, 203 c a fundamental paradox in terms of time coincidence at “t1, 211 b in terms of the constructs of 201 b. The second paradox, electrical “E, 202 d, 202 e, and magnetic “B, 203 e, 203 c both simultaneously disappearing from our stationary frame of reference, at time increment “t2, 212 b is the result of some key equations. One equation is called the “Lorenz Fitzgerald contraction. This contraction occurs when photons travel at an extreme relativistic velocity, such as light speed. In much the same way the “Doppler effect, causes us to perceive sounds emanating from objects moving towards us or away from us at various speeds. At time increment “t3, 213 c the lateral electrical “E, 202 e from one, and magnetic “B, 203 c from the other conjugate resonance's. At time increment “t3, 213 c the wave emerges once again into our stationary frame of reference. The photon's deduced structure explains the apparent paradoxes in terms of the “travelling wave, 201 b constructs. Thus the “photon energy model 201 c, suggested here takes on the characteristics of a dynamic vector producing measurable torque, also known as a “magnetic moment. This vector model therefore is an “effect, of the cyclical conjugations of the travelling wave. A particular resonance quality is detectable at a singular atomic level as expressed here. A magnetic moment occurs cyclically within complex waveform constructs that generate the invention's octave pulse. Both the “travelling wave, and its larger cousin the octave pulse create a communicative act based on a “periodic symbolic constant. The period symbolic constant, is a paradoxical construct that expresses the idea that a pulse travelling in time through a selected channel space is accompanied by other pulses thus creating an octave pulse stream. Thus the argument that the codified, formatted and shaped construct of a specialized octave pulse signature waveform is completely novel with respect to its application is based on manipulation of photonic structures. In fact an octave pulse signatures form and function is as a result of unique manipulation of fundamental physical laws, right down to the atomic level.
An octave pulse does not exist alone, an octave pulse only has resonate value based on octave pulses leading and octave pulses following a specific octave pulse being measured in a selected message stream. When observing waveforms emanating from the screen of an oscilloscope, each pulse disappears and reappears after each interval in between passes in time. The 19th Century Physicist John Henry Poynting (1852-1914) was the first to point out the vector properties of the rate of energy transport that is proportional to the cross product of electric “E, 202 e and magnetic “B, 203 c accordingly. Stated in another way, the Poynting vector represents the flux of energy density per unit of time through a specified space occupied by a space in a selected time increment. The value of the Poynting vector is its irradiance, i.e. its measured numinous output of a simple harmonic wave. The “photon energy model, 201 c thus takes on the characteristics of a “dynamic, cyclic Poynting vector 388.” Understanding dynamic vector constructs is essential to inherent understanding of how octave pulses behave in any electro-magnetically charged channel space medium.
It is important to understand that this “travelling wave, 201 b is a three dimensional construct, existing in three dimensional space. Note, that the wave travels within the points “X, 204 b, “Y, 205 b and “Z, 206 b axis. The “standing wave, 201 a also is based on an “X, 204 a, “Y, 205 a, and “Z, 206 a and occupies three dimensional space. However it does not produce a dynamic vector. The “travelling wave is a holographic three-dimensional wave possessing a direction of propagation 209 a. It is the force of direction through time and space that creates the dynamic photon vector model 388. This oscillating vector is actually stationary twice each cycle as the lateral electrical “E, 202 e, magnetism “B 203 c vectors both reach top dead center, and are at maximum amplitude. This stationary interval occurs between equally separated lobes of energy. Motion is achieved within a conducting medium in part because of the generated energy produced by the medium itself i.e. the electromagnetic radio medium of modulated and projected air interface channel space, an electromagnetic medium of metallic channel space, and optical circuit channel space. The dependence upon the velocity of a wave, in relation to the frequency of the wave is known as dispersion, within the construct of propagation of charged photons in any selected natural or constructed environment such as electromagnetically charged channel space.
This dependency on a selected frequency, relates to complex waves travelling within the waveform signaling constructs of a selected channel space, i.e. travelling in a direction away from its point of origination to its point of termination, collection and storage. Without such dispersive mediums, photonic motion is achieved by the single photon extending itself from one stationary point, to another “time-space increment, inchworm style. In terms of a metallic, optic, and radio medium, a photon's velocity is guided by the “electromagnetic pull and push, of other waves travelling “in front and behind respectively. In a sense a selected wave is therefore guided by its purpose to perform work within the constructs of a communicative act. This pushing and pulling effect is a fundamental feature that relates to Werner Heisenberg's “strange attracters, in terms of atoms attracting and repelling one another simultaneously. The atomic interplay of the electrical “E, 202 e and magnetic “B, 203 c, illustrates the same effect. As previously disclosed, both “sides, of the wave cyclically interact, by virtue of the act of simultaneously attracting and repelling one another.
Any from of harmonic wave from the particle level of the “travelling wave, 201 b to an octave pulse signatures complex harmonic wave, can be broken down into a combination of simpler waves which are sinusoidal in very much the same way. As demonstrated in
This fluctuating electromagnetic energy example suggests the creation of a rotating vector 391 b with magnitude, and torque of direction 391 b. Expressed in yet another way, this wave is a quantum force; vectoring 209 b with direction of propagation 209 a. It is time increment “t2, 212 b that is produced as each polarity changes from magnetic to electric, and or from being positively charged and negatively charged between 396 a and 396 b. These energies 386 fluctuate equally, thus creating a magnetic field expressed electrically “E, 202 f, 202 h, and magnetically “B, 203 g and 203 h. Octave pulse constructs are based upon the fundamental dynamics of travelling waves and the vectors they produce. Referring to
This generation and simultaneous insertion and retrieval procedure is provided without causing disruption to, or circumvention of, conventional sampling procedures endemic to speech codec algorithms used in digital traffic channel speech frames, subframes and PCM circuit speech frames and subframes. The invention provides a completely novel means and method for providing separate octave pulse based high speed digital data services, and separate digital voice services from the same VTT terminal as a stand alone unit, are when configured as an intelligent sleeve. As disclosed, both voice and data service protocols are designed for integration with, and transported through, selected digital speech channel frames and subframes separately or simultaneously.
In fact, the invention provides another important feature, simultaneous voice and data services, voice and data dispatch, speech to text and text to speech protocols and procedures that can transpire during one combined octave pulse data communications event that occurs within a selected digital cellular or digital satellite public network. The data coming from the speech codecs are channel coded, before they are forwarded to the modulator in the transmitter. The channel coder, adds some redundancy back into the data bitstream, but does so in a very careful and orderly way so that receiver on the other end of a noisy transmission path can correct bit errors caused by the channel. The receiver needs the extra bits the channel coder ads in order to perform this important management function. Speech channel coding almost doubles the data rate to 22.kbps. OPD provides algorithmic modalities that enable expanded narrow band and wideband, air interface channel throughput rates, while utilizing OPD protocol, data word transfer, and octave pulse engine (OPE) coding constructs. Octave pulses are generated at the CODEC output level, and inserted within the constructs of channel coding previous to modulation in the transmitter. Referring to
There is much in terms of understanding how conventional source coding, and speech processing occurs in the transmitter side of the radio terminal, coupled with how the invention's protocols, processes and procedures provide this revolutionary integration of octave pulse signatures without causing disruption to host network processes and procedures. Today, simple and direct conversion of analog-to-digital converters (ADC), and digital-to-analog converters (DAC) are available at low cost, and their implementation, within normal technical ranges and applications, is a skill that no longer intimidates most designers and engineers. Also the task of modifying ADC and DAC processes for the generation and simultaneous insertion of octave pulse signature constructs into speech frames and subframes is not overly complicated. Conversely retrieving octave pulses from speech frames and subframes is enabled with a rather a straightforward and elegant protocol as well. The invention combines octave pulse generation and insertion, with speech pulse sampling and insertion with respect to utilizing an elegant interleaving methodology in order to provide an efficient simultaneous voice and data (SVD) geometric pattern. In that each octave pulse 5 ms subframe is joined in series with a conventional speech 5 ms subframe. Therefore an SVD 20 ms frame is comprised of two octave pulse subframes, and two speech subframes. Octave SVD does slow the octave pulse data rate, and speech quality also diminishes somewhat. However, the benefits derived from providing true SVD in one transmission path data event for out weigh the detriments. Octave pulse SVD is especially useful when considering various mobile telemetry applications such as providing 911 services, and other services that involve simultaneous voice and data over the Internet world wide web for example. Of paramount importance here, is to understand the functions of specialized coding, and protocols involved in octave pulse signature generation, insertion, and extraction procedures.
There are numerous codec subsystems, and associated processes known in the art today, each designed with its own creative algorithmic procedures and resultant data bit rates. Each one of these disclosed codec subsystems may be utilized in parallel with the inventions OP-CODEC that is really a set of algorithms that incorporate octave pulse engine (OPE) and octave pulse storage system (OPS) algorithms, that are coupled with standard codec constructs in order to maintain integrity with host network channel coding and modulation standards. The OP-CODEC truly is a virtual overlay with respect to integrating seamlessly with standard codec algorithmic constructs. Therefore the invention provides virtual OP-CODEC means and methods for modifying codec algorithms that involve encoding and decoding air interface speech channels and PCM channels, so that conventional speech processes are not adversely effected, nor are conventional channel coding and modulation schemes adversely affected. The OP-CODEC operates transparently with respect to octave pulse signature generation and simultaneous insertion into 5 ms subframes. In all actuality when 5 ms subframes are generated, simultaneously octave pulses are generated. In fact the octave pulse signature becomes the subframe in tandem with subframe/sub block channel coding for error correction purposes and the like, before being sent to the transmitter modulator. Conventional codec subsystems include Subband-Codec-Adaptive Delta PCM (SBC-ADPCM) that produces a 15 kbit/s rate. Subband-Codec-adaptive PCM (SBC-APCM) with a 16 kbit/rate. Multi-Pulse Excited LPC-Codec-Long Term prediction (MPE-LTP) with a 16 kbit/s data production rate. Regular-Pulse Excited LPC-Codec (RPE-LPC) with a 13 kbit/s rate. Regular-Pulse Excited LPC-Codec-Long Term Prediction (RPE-LTP) with a 13 kbit/s rate. Adaptive Delta Modulation-Pulse Code Modulation (ADM-PCM) with a 32 kbit/s rate. The functions of most of speech coders and decoders are usually combined in one “algorithmic building block, called the COder/DECoder. As disclosed a central aim of the invention is to virtually modify key “algorithmic building blocks, in order to include an “alternative octave pulse insertion/generation step, with respect to the coding and decoding process. This critical moment occurs when conventional digitized voice subframes are generated and inserted in the voice frame, following the sampling process that involves A/D conversion. In fact the invention provides a means and method of eliminating the speech encoder and decoder all together in order to provide octave pulse data only services. The invention may replace these components or adds the OP-CODEC with specialized octave pulse engines (OSE) 90 a and Octave Pulse Storage (OPS) 371 a subsystem modules with respect to certain application specific implementations as shown in
The discontinuous transmission mode (DTX) 148 takes advantage of the fact that during a conventional voice conversation, both participants rarely speak at the same time, and thus each directional transmission path has to transport speech data only half the time. In DTX mode, the transmitter is only activated when the current frame carries speech information. This decision is based on the VAD signal of speech pause recognition. In one respect, the DTX mode can reduce the power consumption and hence prolong the battery life, in still another aspect, the reduction of transmitted energy also reduces the level of interference and thus improves the spectral efficiency of the GSM system for example. The missing speech frames are replaced at the receiver by a synthetic background-noise signal generator called the comfort noise synthesizer (CNS) 144. The algorithmic parameters for the comfort noise synthesizer are transmitted in a special silence descriptor frame (SID) 147. The SID is generated at the transmitter from continuous measurements of the conventional acoustic background noise level. It represents a speech frame that is transmitted at the end of a 20 ms speech frame burst. i.e. at the beginning of a speech pause. In this respect, the receiver recognizes the end of a speech burst and can activate the comfort noise synthesizer with the parameters received in the SID frame.
The generation of this artificial background noise prevents the problem that may occur while in active DTX mode when the audible background noise transmitted with normal speech bursts suddenly drops to a minimal level at a speech pause. This process is similar when a user chooses automatic gain control (AGC) when recording music or speech with respect to a conventional tape recorder and its processes. This modulation of the background noise would have a very disturbing effect on the human listener and may significantly deteriorate the subjective speech quality. Insertion of comfort noise is an effective countermeasure to compensate for this noise contrast effect. However during an octave pulse data event, comfort noise synthesizer algorithms are suspended.
During the air interface-digital traffic channel portion of an OPD payload transfer, the aggregate average of measured amplitude levels with respect to each single pulse, combined with multiple pulses that comprise a octave pulse message stream, remains at a consistent level. Therefore no (DTX) managed 148, 149 speech pauses need to be compensated for. Additionally, the VTT terminal that is operating a data only OPD event does not sample analog voice information. The octave pulse engine (OPE) 90 a as part of the virtual OP-CODEC as shown
The invention does use DTX algorithms in a unique way. For example when a VTT terminal has completed an OPD message transfer to the virtual host system (VHS), and expects a response message to be transmitted from the VHS over the forward digital traffic channel, it turns off the transmitter and awaits the incoming octave pulse message stream. Conversely the currently serving base transceiver station (BTS) turns off its forward digital traffic channel when it no longer detects voice-octave pulse data as it is transmitted to a selected VTT terminal. Another conventional type of speech frame loss can occur, when bit errors caused by a noisy transmission channel cannot be corrected by the channel coding protection mechanism, and the block is received at the codec as a speech frame in error, which must be discarded. Bad speech frames are flagged by the channel decoder with the bad frame indication (BFI) algorithms 150, as shown in
This technique is called “error concealment. Simple insertion of comfort noise is not allowed. If 16 consecutive 20 ms speech frames are lost, the receiver is muted to acoustically signal the temporary failure of the channel. 16 speech frames equates to 16 OPD data words. Each OPD data words contain four octave pulse signatures, or two-three octave pulse signatures, and two regular speech subframes, arranged in an interleaved pattern in order to provide simultaneous OPD voice and data (SVD) services. An OPD data “pulse” stream cannot withstand any sustained speech frame losses. As previously stipulated, OPD data messages are relatively short bursts of digital data information. Therefore the possibility of receiving or transmitting bad frames is minimized. However because of the nature of radio signals, frame or octave pulse signature word faults will occur. When there is an virtual OP-CODEC (OPE) 90 a engine reception of “unreadable octave pulse signature 20 ms burst-word-frames from a selected forward digital traffic channel, (FDTC) the OP-CODEC octave pulse engine (OPE) 90 a responds with a simple automatic repeat request (ARQ) algorithmic procedure.
This procedure causes the VTT terminal to transmit an OPD maintenance word capsule 335 d as shown in
The receiver reconstructs these signal parts through speech synthesis with a vocoder technique known those whom readily practice the art. Examples of envelop encoding are pulse code modulation (PCM) or adaptive delta code modulation (ADPCM), and octave pulse signature encoding at the time of original generation and storage. For example, a pure vocoder procedure is linear predictive coding (LPC). The GSM procedure RPE-LTP as well as code excited linear predictive coding (CELP), represent mixed-hybrid approaches. This filteration and compression process does not adversely effect octave pulse signatures in fact these conventional processes tend to protect octave pulse signature integrity because of the way the invention exploits these conventional parameters. The invention provides an important variant of this RPE-LTP procedure with its OP-CODEC. Whereas the invention does not circumvent RPE-LTP procedures, the octave pulse engine (OPE), as the “heart, of the virtual OP-CODEC generates-inserts octave pulse signature data that is “pre-compressed, in accord with conventional coding procedures.
With reference to
This initial loading procedure is instigated by the human machine interface (HMI) constructs 138 a as shown in
When a user initializes and sends appropriate HMI instructions for an octave pulse simultaneous invocation, the resultant action involves sending relavent blanking intervals to the SVD multiplex module 164 a. As the user talks into the microphone capsule 163 of the headset 405 as shown in
The speech decoder essentially deals with the reconstruction of the speech signal from the RPE decoding analysis procedure 190, as well as the long-term analysis filter 198 and short-term synthesis filter 196. In principle, at the receiver site, the functions performed are the inverse of the functions of the encoding process. The irrelevance reduction only minimally affects the subjectively perceived speech quality, since the main objective of the GSM codec as well as other similar codecs, is not just to achieve the highest possible compression ratio, but also to attain solid speech quality. The OP-CODEC with respect to decoding 466 b octave pulse signatures also operates as inverse function of the octave pulse decoding and speech subframe decompression process shown here. Referring to
The decoded gating process is fully synchronized 142 a with VTT terminal clock synchronization. This clock synchronization is also interlinked with host network channel burst cycling 258 synchronization. Accordingly, once the decoded pulse stream is gated 182 b, the stream is sent to the octave pulse engine (OPE) gating module 165 b function. The signal is then gated with respect to octave pulse retrieval 140 b, is processed with a simple 1:1 procedure 176 and reinserted 438 b into the octave pulse storage (OPS) 371 a database. With reference to
The SVD multiplexer 164 b sends the speech frames 188 a directly to the RPE Decoding and analysis algorithmic module 190 whereby its is processed in accord with conventional functions until it is received at the voice pre-process stage 200 b that adds the final steps of DAC conversion, is sent through a low pass filter and replayed on the headset 409 speaker 187 as shown in
For the purposes of conveying a complete understanding a bidirectional octave pulse data event, a description of (1) a VTT terminal originated octave pulse data event that is terminated at the inventions virtual host system (VHS) as portal to the Internet will be disclosed. And, (2) a virtual host system (VHS) originated octave pulse data event that is terminated at the virtual transaction terminal (VTT) accordingly. Both points of octave data event origination are transported, and routed through a currently serving digital cellular PLMN. The host network may be a GSM compatible network, an IS-95-CDMA network, a CDMA-2000 network, a W-CDMA-3G compatible network, or an IS-136-TDMA-EDGE compatible PLNM network. Once the VTT originated octave pulse message arrives at the inventions virtual host system (VHS), that is located at the network operation center (NOC) the event is then terminated. Once the virtual host system (VHS) receives the octave pule data message, it converts it accordingly and relays the message to an appropriate application service provider (ASP) that is either a web-content, PDA service support and update center, or a telemetry-telematics monitoring station, with a TCP/IP compatible message via the Internet world wide web.
Secondly The application service provider (ASP) receives the message evaluates it accordingly. Once the message is properly analyzed, the ASP initializes and originates an octave pulse data message request, and sends it to the virtual host system (VHS) that is an Internet portal located at the network operation center (NOC) via the Internet world wide web accordingly. Once the virtual host system (VHS) receives the message from the serving ASP, it reformats the message that was originally sent in TCP/IP based wireless application protocol (WAP), and converts it to an octave pulse data (ODP) compatible message stream. Once converted, the VHS system initializes and originates a call to the designated VTT terminal via a selected PLMN and PSTN. Next, once the PCM circuit is stabilized the octave pulse data (OPD) message is sent via selected transmission path to the currently serving PLMN whereby the VTT terminal receives the message and the octave pulse data event is terminated either by the VHS or the VTT terminal, depending upon the type of OPD event.
OPD will operate easily within CDMA network standards and topologies just as well as with GSM networks. For example, IS-95 CDMA payload speech data is generated from a variable-rate speech encoder with four possible output data rates: 9,600, 4,800, 2,400 and 1,200 bps. The rate depends on the speech activity. Typical speech activity for this CDMA speech encoder tends to operate at its lowest rate about half of the time. The CDMA base station and the CDMA compatible VTT terminal OP-CODEC encoder is sensitive to the amount of speech activity present at the input. At output the rates change in proportion to how active the speech input may be at any time. The rate is subject to change every 20 ms, or every 20 ms octave pulse word. The speech encoder's output is convolutionally coded at a half rate, thus doubling the data to 19.2 kbps when the input is 9,600 bps. OPD data rates and activity rates do not alter until an OPD data event has completed. An OPD data event will always cause a 9,600 bps data rate to be sustained from origination to termination. Also the OPD will increase the effective octave pulse data output rate to 16 kbps utilizing single signature octave pulses, without showing any visible increase beyond the specific 9,600 bps data rate, or causing any undo performance problems with respect to air interface modulation amplitude levels and the like.
Therefore, for the purpose of disclosing and fully describing the octave pulse data (OPD) virtual data communication system in great detail, a GSM 900/1800PCN public land mobile network (PLMN) is therefore the selected wireless and networking communications medium, that virtually supports octave pulse data protocols, processes and procedures. Referring to
In some instances a single VTT terminal can be provided with application system monitoring for a motor vehicle such as an automobile, a truck, or an offshore marine vessel. Such information as global positioning system (GPS) longitude and latitude is collected, and can be transmitted via an OPD data call message. Other information including engine diagnostics, security related information with respect to unauthorized ingress and the like is subject to an OPD transmission. Also a this same VTT terminal as intelligent sleeve 66 interfaced with a PDA 65 can collect and provide concierge information, stock market reports, weather reports, airline flight information, news reports, for the benefit of the occupants within a selected automobile, truck, bus, or marine vessel via an OPD data call forward digital traffic channel (FDTC) message bitstream. The user may cause the same VTT terminal to originate and send an OPD Internet query message that causes a selected application service provider (ASP) 108 as depicted in
Accordingly, lets consider that a model message query involves a combined message that contains OPD data bits that comprise (1) a query for an airline flight, and (2) an automatic telemetry report of an automobiles global positioning derived location in order provide the most efficient route to a selected airport, and an engine status fuel consumption report. Referring to
The first MSISDN number is designated as a conventional voice call number, in terms of host PLMN network identification, authentication and the like. Secondly, the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI), which is utilized by the GSM version of the VTT terminal 120 and 100 b respectively. Thirdly the international mobile equipment identity (IMEI), which is the equivalent of the electronic serial number (ESN) used by AMPS, CDMA and TDMA mobile stations in North and South America. Referring to
An international routing number “61-9847-3492, 402 c for a network operations center (NOC) in Melbourne Australia. And, a European routing number “49-7845-3378, 402 d for a network operations center (NOC) located in Frankfurt Germany. Every time an OPD event is initialized, originated and transmitted through a selected PLMN digital air interface channel and a mobile switching center (MSC) and PCM transmission path 277, within the constructs of a private link or a PSTN 112 transmission path to a selected network operation center (NOC). In some instances an OPD data call route request is pointed to a specialized PCM-Internet gateway node 346. This specialized gateway node 346 converts PCM bitstream 277 OPD data calls with respect to TCP/IP 73 packetization. After conversion the gateway node 346 then routes the OPD data call to a selected network operation center (NOC) 68 via the Internet world wide web (WWW) 110 as shown in
Once the currently serving base site (BS) 101 a receives the OPD data call request embodied within the logical frame and subframe structures of an SDCCH invocation, it is forwarded to the associated base site controller (BSC) 102 a, which in turn is forwarded to its associated mobile switching center (MSC) 104. The MSC performs a rapid analysis of the received SDCCH data in order to determine (1) whether or not the instant VTT terminal 120 a has previously registered with this PLMN 98 as a “home, subscriber or a visiting “roamer. During this registration analysis the associated MSC detects and examines the received MSISDN contained within the SDCCH registration increment. The MSC 104 determines its registration status by comparing the received subscriber information with its own home subscriber MSISDN range and call routing tables. If the VTT terminal 120 a is deemed a home subscriber the MSC forwards the VTT terminal 120 registration increment to its associated home location register (HLR) 117. Sometimes the same registration increment is sent to its associated authentication database (AUC) 115. The AUC is the physical part of the HLR. In today's GSM PLMN topological structures the HLR and AUC are one in the same with respect to most PLMN implementations. If it is determined by the HLR that the VTT terminal is a valid home subscriber, it responds to the associated MSCs registration interrogation with a form of “authentication authorization notification. If the VTT terminal 120 a has been classified as a roamer by the serving MSC it forwards the registration increment to its associated visitor location register (VLR) 118 b.
If the VTT terminal 120 has not previously registered as a roamer, it sends a registration increment to the HLR associated with the MSISDN via the SS#7 or SS7 network 113. In this particular case the associated HLR 109 is collocated within physical constructs of the selected network operation center (NOC) 68 as shown in
The call destination number 61-9847-3492, is the number assigned to the inventions network operation center (NOC) 68 in Melbourne Australia as depicted in
OPD data call routing, in fact any conventional speech call routing is performed by out-of-band signaling system seven (SS7) in the U.S., and signaling system number # 7 (SS#7) constructs via TCAP/MAP protocols in Europe, Asia and Australia. The means and methods of “transaction capabilities application part, (TCAP), mobile application part (MAP), interim standard 41A-D, and other such specifications and protocols are widely known to those whom practice the art. Therefore further disclosure with respect to these conventional out-of-band signaling protocols and procedures are omitted. Once routed and connected the VTT terminal 120 prepares to transmit an application specific OPD data call message stream from the serving PLMN, via the PSTN 112 to the VHS. Referring to
For example with respect to manual user functions there is provided a “human machine interface (HMI) capability 62 expressed ergonomically and algorithmically here as an intelligent sleeve 66 as shown here in
In one scenario the user chooses an event type that utilizes the heretofore-disclosed OPD data call set up to the inventions network operation center (NOC) and virtual host system (VHS) just disclosed. The user's VTT terminal is configured to operate in a multilevel capacity. (1) The VTT terminal 120 a is configured as an “intelligent communicative sleeve, that slides over a conventional Palm VII personal digital assistant (PDA) 65 with a stylus screen as its primary HMI 62. Additionally this Palm VII coupled with the inventions OPD based intelligent sleeve 66 as shown in
In some cases the user needs to update his PDA software. The user chooses either to request new software or software updates from the invention virtual host system (VHS) via the currently serving digital cellular PLMN while operating wireless mode via forward channel space, or he takes his PDA, places in his docking station at home or office, accesses the inventions octave pulse data virtual transaction data network (OPD-VTDN) service web site and downloads his desired software updates. If the chosen software also improves and or updates the intelligent sleeves software operations, the user simply inserts the PDA into the intelligent sleeve powers up both units and performs a reverse download from the PDA to the intelligent sleeves internal database commensurate with normal download procedures. Once the software is loaded into the PDA 65 and or the intelligent sleeve 66, the user is ready to utilize any one of the useful functions accordingly. For example if the user decides to place a digital wireless voice call he simply takes his stylus 404, taps the PDA screen 367 a and the appropriate icon, and the inventions virtual cellular phone key pad 367 b appears. Next the user takes his stylus and “tap dials, the displayed icons 427 a that look just like conventional cellular phone key characters. As previously described the user has plug in the intelligent sleeves headset 405, places the earpiece 409 in his ear, attaches the microphone 408 to his shirt lapel and “taps out, his selected directory number. Once the user is finished with his novel tap-dial, a taps the “send, icon and makes a connection in accord with conventional digital cellular, PLMN and PSTN voice call connection protocols. In still another variation of this process, the user chooses to look up a directory number that he previously stored in the PDA address database controlled by an address data base access button 414 located on the PDA 65. Once the address list appears, the user scrolls the selected with the PDA's scroll button 415. Once he locates the desired number 419 or 420 as shown on the tablet screen 367 a, he simply taps the number 419, and the PDA 65 in conjunction with the inventions intelligent sleeve 66, automatically dials the selected number. In still another scenario, the user chooses to examine what his current position with respect to GPS information and its related map display 367 c. In order to access this information, he simply taps the icon specific to GPS services located on the PDA screen 367 a. Once initialized the user can tap the icons 427 b that cause the GPS map display to change relative focal perspective, cause a desired zoom in, or zoom out action, pick and tap a specific location when utilizing the inventions GPS map display to augment concierge services and the like.
Located on the body of the PDA is a button 413 for accessing the “appointment database. The invention offers a unique feature. If for example the user views his appointment list and desires to change or cancel his appoint he can simply tap the “appointment change icon, and select an automatic dial out for a voice call to his secretary, or directly to the party in question. Instill another scenario, the user can tap out a short e-mail message and send it via OPD-VTDN protocols means and methods. In still another scenario, the user can press the “to do list button, 416, access the menu and make changes in accord with the automatic voice call out and e-mail scenario, with respect to communicating changes in the user's “to do list, that may effect other people directly and thus must be contacted immediately. When the user decides by which medium he will make a call or send an e-mail simply uses his stylus 404 to “tap-out, an instruction. The user is this case decides to send a small e-mail message that equates to about one thousand characters, to his secretary instructing her to change an appointment time with a client. The user presses the combined “e-mail-memorandum, button 417 and the “e-mail memorandum menu, 367 d with virtual message page appears. The user then taps the “graffiti writing and alpha-numeric screen, 368. The user first chooses “alpha-English characters, and taps out the “e-mail message 427 c, as shown in “e-mail memorandum menu 367 d, that is composed with and comprised of 1000 thousand characters. Each e-mail character equates to an eight-bit byte, or one octave pulse possessing one resonant signature value.
Each capsule header is comprised of a 13 octave pulse resonate signatures, that equate to approximately 104 bits of capsule management information which also identifies octave pulse message capsule placement with respect to its linear position, within the structural complex of a complete octave pulse message stream. Such as the 1000 character e-mail message 427 c as shown in
With reference to
The Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) protocol has widely accepted and utilized by musicians and composers since its conception in the Early 1980's. MIDI data is a very efficient method of representing musical performance information and this makes MIDI a robust protocol not only for musicians, but also for computer and music workstations, and computer games that produce sounds and in some applications for octave pulse data (OPD) storage and instructional data constructs. MIDI was originally developed to allow musicians to connect synthesizers together, the MIDI protocol is now finding widespread use as a delivery medium to replace or supplement digitized audio in games and multimedia applications. There are several advantages to generating sound with a MIDI synthesizer rather than using sampled audio from disk or CD-ROM. The first advantage is storage pace. Data files used to store digitally sampled audio in PCM format such as”. Wav files tend to be quite large. This is especially true for lengthy musical pieces captured in stereo using high sampling rates.
MIDI data files, on the other hand, are extremely small when compared with sampled audio files. Octave pulse signatures are stored in very small files contained within octave pulse storage (OPS) databases. However when cost and over all VTT terminal octave pulse storage space must be optimized MIDI files make perfect sense for some application specific variants. Not all octave pulse signature applications will require MIDI protocol interfaces. Some applications will use small sampled octave pulse signature files without the need of utilizing MIDI protocols. Since octave pulse signature files possesses a 5 ms-time duration value or less, storage within the modular constructs of a VTT terminal 102 a is not a problem. With reference to
With reference to
This router also manages various “V., modem based PPP-Slip account data protocols that operate over conventional twisted pair telephone circuits. This switch/router 96 is also interfaced the Wireless Internet Service Provider (WISP) 383, and routes Internet TCP/IP data packets, and routes octave pulse streams embedded in PCM frames and subframes 360 a. The master hub switch and router matrix 96, routes all traffic with respect to incoming 370 and outgoing 369 (I/O) 375 NOC and VHS related messages, and all user related messages. All switching and routing is managed by the master hub switch and router, central processors, and programming modules. Within the network elements of the WISP 383 is the Wireless Transaction Application (WTA) to OPD gateway, the OPD to WTA gateway, the Wireless Application Environment (WAE) to OPD gateway, and the OPD to WAE gateway 376 b. Further comprising the virtual host system (VHS) 256 is the octave pulse storage (OPS) storage area network (SAN) 371 b. The OPS is a large data storage array that collects and distributes octave pulse signatures. There is provided a specialized Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) proxy/server 211 that receives and sends air interface specific 372 WAP scripts with the Internet after conversion from octave pulse signatures originally send from selected VTT terminals configured as intelligent PDA sleeves or telemetry-telematic wireless communications terminals. There is also provided a Wireless Transaction Application (WTA) server 89 b. This server manages commercial business CGI scripts and merchant related application content. This WTA server 89 b acts as a managing conduit between OPD credit card verification terminals, specific OPD telemetry terminals, and other commercial business transaction activity that requires an Internet to wireless and wireless Internet gateway. There is also provided a VTT terminal origination server 91 that manages OPD specific maintenance, terminal maintenance and program script. This special server manages maintenance, word, capsule, block, and or complete message resend invocation orders.
There is provided an octave pulse character conversion (OPCC) system 270. The OPCC has in input octave pulse data (OPD) conversion 94 an inbound database-gateway process “A, 40, and process “B, 41. Process A 40 receives 45 octave pulse signatures 92 such as “A natural, or “B flat complex wave signature respectively. Process B 41 receives various CGI scripts, application content scripts, wireless markup language (WML) scripts, ASCII-alphanumeric scripts with respect to direct octave pulse to script and script octave pulse conversion. There is provided an out bound octave pulse data post conversion 95 database-content router process “C, 42 and process “D, 43. Process “C”, 42 that sends octave pulse signatures to selected PSTN 112 based PCM circuits 360 a. And, process ID, 43 that sends selected content script to 89 b, 211, and 91, and routers 373 a.
Additional objects and advantages will readily occur to those skilled in the art. There the invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific details, methods, representative devices, and illustrative examples shown and described. Accordingly, departures may be made from such details without departing from the spirit or scope of the general inventive concept as defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US4426555 *||18 Ene 1982||17 Ene 1984||General Electric Company||Telephone communications device for hearing-impaired person|
|US4471165 *||28 Oct 1980||11 Sep 1984||Pinetree Systems, Inc.||Portable keyboard operated telecommunications system|
|US5428183 *||17 Dic 1993||27 Jun 1995||Kabushiki Kaisha Kawai Gakki Seisakusho||Tone signal generating apparatus for performing a timbre change by storing a full frequency band in a wave memory|
|US5532641 *||14 Oct 1994||2 Jul 1996||International Business Machines Corporation||ASK demodulator implemented with digital bandpass filter|
|US5590406 *||21 Abr 1995||31 Dic 1996||Qualcomm Incorporated||Method of invoking and canceling voice or data service from a mobile unit|
|US5612974 *||1 Nov 1994||18 Mar 1997||Motorola Inc.||Convolutional encoder for use on an integrated circuit that performs multiple communication tasks|
|US5711012 *||26 Abr 1996||20 Ene 1998||Paradyne Corporation||Cellular phone interface for a simultaneous voice/data modem|
|US5751718 *||20 Feb 1996||12 May 1998||Motorola, Inc.||Simultaneous transfer of voice and data information using multi-rate vocoder and byte control protocol|
|US5778316 *||7 Jun 1995||7 Jul 1998||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson||Method and apparatus for selecting a control channel based on service availability|
|US5781593 *||14 Nov 1996||14 Jul 1998||Omnipoint Corporation||Methods and apparatus for vocoder synchronization in mobile communication network|
|US5818870 *||22 Ago 1991||6 Oct 1998||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Digital communication device|
|US5864813 *||20 Dic 1996||26 Ene 1999||U S West, Inc.||Method, system and product for harmonic enhancement of encoded audio signals|
|US5905761 *||10 Oct 1997||18 May 1999||Lg Semicon Co., Ltd.||Amplitude shift keyed receiver|
|US5978365 *||7 Jul 1998||2 Nov 1999||Orbital Sciences Corporation||Communications system handoff operation combining turbo coding and soft handoff techniques|
|US6285767 *||4 Sep 1998||4 Sep 2001||Srs Labs, Inc.||Low-frequency audio enhancement system|
|US6353745 *||7 Jul 1999||5 Mar 2002||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Method for providing performance features for mobile subscribers via a communications network|
|US6426960 *||24 Jun 1997||30 Jul 2002||Qualcomm Incorporated||Increased capacity data transmission in a CDMA wireless communication system|
|US6477176 *||19 Sep 1995||5 Nov 2002||Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd.||Simultaneous transmission of speech and data on a mobile communications system|
|US6584442 *||23 Mar 2000||24 Jun 2003||Yamaha Corporation||Method and apparatus for compressing and generating waveform|
|US6958780 *||28 Abr 2000||25 Oct 2005||Sony Corporation||Image displaying and controlling apparatus and method|
|US7031739 *||15 Nov 1999||18 Abr 2006||Nec Corporation||Code division multiple access communication apparatus and method thereof|
|US20010033560 *||19 Ene 2001||25 Oct 2001||Wen Tong||Flexible frame structures in adaptive high data rate wirelesss access systems|
|USH1880 *||25 Sep 1998||3 Oct 2000||Dsc/Celcore, Inc.||System and method for processing wireless voice and data telecommunications|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US7313233 *||10 Jun 2003||25 Dic 2007||Intel Corporation||Tone clamping and replacement|
|US7447794 *||4 Dic 2002||4 Nov 2008||Silicon Graphics, Inc.||System and method for conveying information|
|US7623550 *||1 Mar 2006||24 Nov 2009||Microsoft Corporation||Adjusting CODEC parameters during emergency calls|
|US7644150 *||22 Ago 2007||5 Ene 2010||Narus, Inc.||System and method for network traffic management|
|US7733853||17 Feb 2009||8 Jun 2010||Airbiquity, Inc.||Voice channel control of wireless packet data communications|
|US7747281||7 Ene 2008||29 Jun 2010||Airbiquity Inc.||Method for in-band signaling of data over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US7787478||7 Mar 2006||31 Ago 2010||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Managing traffic within and between virtual private networks when using a session border controller|
|US7796714 *||2 Ago 2006||14 Sep 2010||Powerwave Cognition, Inc.||Multiple signal receiving|
|US7848763||12 Feb 2009||7 Dic 2010||Airbiquity Inc.||Method for pulling geographic location data from a remote wireless telecommunications mobile unit|
|US7873573||30 Mar 2007||18 Ene 2011||Obopay, Inc.||Virtual pooled account for mobile banking|
|US7873741 *||4 Nov 2008||18 Ene 2011||Silicon Graphics International||System and method for conveying information|
|US7924934||26 May 2006||12 Abr 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Time diversity voice channel data communications|
|US7961687 *||17 Mar 2008||14 Jun 2011||Qualcomm Incorporated||Method and apparatus for effecting handoff between different cellular communications systems|
|US7979095||20 Oct 2008||12 Jul 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Wireless in-band signaling with in-vehicle systems|
|US7983301 *||24 Jun 2005||19 Jul 2011||O2Micro International, Ltd.||Method for extended transmission capabilities of short message service|
|US7983310||19 Jul 2011||Airbiquity Inc.||Methods for in-band signaling through enhanced variable-rate codecs|
|US8036201||20 Abr 2010||11 Oct 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Voice channel control of wireless packet data communications|
|US8036315||4 Ago 2010||11 Oct 2011||Powerwave Cognition, Inc.||Multiple signal receiving|
|US8036600||1 Abr 2010||11 Oct 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Using a bluetooth capable mobile phone to access a remote network|
|US8068792||22 Oct 2007||29 Nov 2011||Airbiquity Inc.||In-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US8073440||1 Abr 2010||6 Dic 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Automatic gain control in a personal navigation device|
|US8135362||6 Mar 2006||13 Mar 2012||Symstream Technology Holdings Pty Ltd||Symbol stream virtual radio organism method and apparatus|
|US8140331 *||4 Jul 2008||20 Mar 2012||Xia Lou||Feature extraction for identification and classification of audio signals|
|US8169903||7 Mar 2006||1 May 2012||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Managing traffic within and between virtual private networks when using a session border controller|
|US8195093||29 Ago 2011||5 Jun 2012||Darrin Garrett||Using a bluetooth capable mobile phone to access a remote network|
|US8204236||7 Jun 2007||19 Jun 2012||Lear Corporation||Protection procedure for speaker systems|
|US8249865||13 Oct 2010||21 Ago 2012||Airbiquity Inc.||Adaptive data transmission for a digital in-band modem operating over a voice channel|
|US8249965||30 Mar 2007||21 Ago 2012||Obopay, Inc.||Member-supported mobile payment system|
|US8250234 *||26 Abr 2010||21 Ago 2012||Microsoft Corporation||Hierarchically disassembling messages|
|US8327015 *||18 Ene 2011||4 Dic 2012||Silicon Graphics International Corp.||System and method for conveying information|
|US8346227||25 Oct 2011||1 Ene 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Automatic gain control in a navigation device|
|US8369393||9 May 2011||5 Feb 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Wireless in-band signaling with in-vehicle systems|
|US8418039||13 Jul 2010||9 Abr 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Efficient error correction scheme for data transmission in a wireless in-band signaling system|
|US8447870 *||14 Jul 2006||21 May 2013||Wms Gaming Inc.||Wireless mesh networking in wagering game environments|
|US8452247||28 Nov 2012||28 May 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Automatic gain control|
|US8458312||30 Jun 2010||4 Jun 2013||Us Beverage Net Inc.||Distributed intelligent systems and methods therefor|
|US8505030||23 Ene 2008||6 Ago 2013||Microsoft Corporation||Coordinating resources using a volatile network intermediary|
|US8532021 *||30 Mar 2007||10 Sep 2013||Obopay, Inc.||Data communications over voice channel with mobile consumer communications devices|
|US8549538||18 Mar 2010||1 Oct 2013||Microsoft Corporation||Coordinating communication medium state for subtasks|
|US8594138||18 Jul 2011||26 Nov 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Methods for in-band signaling through enhanced variable-rate codecs|
|US8606849 *||14 Ene 2011||10 Dic 2013||Intel Corporation||Techniques for timing optimization in wireless networks that utilize a universal services interface|
|US8683030||18 Oct 2012||25 Mar 2014||Microsoft Corporation||Routing of pooled messages via an intermediary|
|US8719841||23 Oct 2009||6 May 2014||Microsoft Corporation||Dispatch mechanism for coordinating application and communication medium state|
|US8812721 *||4 Dic 2012||19 Ago 2014||Silicon Graphics International Corp.||System and method for conveying information|
|US8818964 *||13 Sep 2012||26 Ago 2014||International Business Machines Corporation||Optimization of a computing environment in which data management operations are performed|
|US8848825||22 Sep 2011||30 Sep 2014||Airbiquity Inc.||Echo cancellation in wireless inband signaling modem|
|US9015341||28 Mar 2012||21 Abr 2015||Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc||Hierarchically disassembling messages|
|US9021503||24 Ene 2008||28 Abr 2015||Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc||Coordinating application state and communication medium state|
|US9043474||20 Ene 2010||26 May 2015||Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc||Communication sessions among devices and interfaces with mixed capabilities|
|US20020167949 *||25 Jun 2002||14 Nov 2002||Gordon Bremer||Apparatus and method for asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) adaptive time domain duplex (ATDD) communication|
|US20040172327 *||13 Jul 2002||2 Sep 2004||Corvin Falk||Method for providing reductions on products and/or services|
|US20040252813 *||10 Jun 2003||16 Dic 2004||Rhemtulla Amin F.||Tone clamping and replacement|
|US20050070281 *||26 Sep 2003||31 Mar 2005||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||System and method for providing mobile station registration in a traffic channel in a wireless communication system|
|US20050101309 *||27 May 2003||12 May 2005||Martin Croome||Method and apparatus for selective configuration based upon expansion card presence|
|US20050152404 *||10 Mar 2005||14 Jul 2005||Paradyne Corporation||System and method for a robust preamble and transmission delimiting in a switched-carrier transceiver|
|US20060291505 *||24 Jun 2005||28 Dic 2006||O2Micro, Inc.||Method for extended transmission capabilities of short message service|
|US20060293089 *||22 Jun 2005||28 Dic 2006||Magix Ag||System and method for automatic creation of digitally enhanced ringtones for cellphones|
|US20080300046 *||14 Jul 2006||4 Dic 2008||Wms Gaming Inc.||Wireless Mesh Networking in Wagering Game Environments|
|US20090012638 *||4 Jul 2008||8 Ene 2009||Xia Lou||Feature extraction for identification and classification of audio signals|
|US20100016031 *||21 Ene 2010||Patton John D||Telephone and telephone accessory signal generator and methods and devices using the same|
|US20110113091 *||12 May 2011||Muthaiah Venkatachalam||Techniques for timing optimization in wireless networks that utilize a universal services interface|
|US20110113153 *||12 May 2011||Miller Steven C||System and method for conveying information|
|US20110264738 *||27 Oct 2011||Microsoft Corporation||Hierarchically disassembling messages|
|US20130013572 *||13 Sep 2012||10 Ene 2013||International Business Machines Corporation||Optimization of a computing environment in which data management operations are performed|
|US20130198301 *||4 Dic 2012||1 Ago 2013||Steven C. Miller||System and Method for Conveying Information|
|US20140098955 *||15 Dic 2009||10 Abr 2014||Los Alamos National Security, Llc||Quantum enabled security for optical communications|
|US20140307620 *||16 Abr 2013||16 Oct 2014||Avioncia, Inc.||Pro-active message acknowledgement collection for improved data link preformance over reliable transport media|
|WO2007103608A3 *||5 Feb 2007||21 Feb 2008||Cisco Tech Inc||Managing traffic within and between virtual private networks when using a session border controller|
|WO2009052523A1 *||20 Oct 2008||23 Abr 2009||Airbiquity Inc||Wireless in-band signaling with in-vehicle systems|
|WO2011090815A2 *||5 Ene 2011||28 Jul 2011||Microsoft Corporation||Communication sessions among devices and interfaces with mixed capabilities|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||370/310|
|Clasificación internacional||H04L12/56, H04W72/12, H04L12/28, H04L29/08, G01D4/00, H04L1/00, H04W28/06|
|Clasificación cooperativa||Y04S20/42, Y02B90/246, H04W4/12, H04L1/0071, Y02B90/242, H04W4/18, H04W28/06, H04L1/004, Y04S20/322, H04L67/04, G01D4/004|
|Clasificación europea||H04W4/18, H04L1/00B, H04L29/08N3, G01D4/00R1, H04W28/06, H04L1/00B7V|
|4 Ene 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: VORTICE RESEARCH FOUNDATION, NEW ZEALAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LADUE, CHRISTOPH;REEL/FRAME:016158/0142
Effective date: 20040507
|20 Ene 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SYMSTREAM TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS NO. 2 PTY LTD (ACN 1
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:VORTICE RESEARCH FOUNDATION;REEL/FRAME:017043/0834
Effective date: 20050406