|Número de publicación||US20050149087 A1|
|Tipo de publicación||Solicitud|
|Número de solicitud||US 10/976,505|
|Fecha de publicación||7 Jul 2005|
|Fecha de presentación||29 Oct 2004|
|Fecha de prioridad||5 Nov 2003|
|También publicado como||CA2543792A1, EP1680033A2, EP1680033A4, US8590428, US20100005929, WO2005062750A2, WO2005062750A3|
|Número de publicación||10976505, 976505, US 2005/0149087 A1, US 2005/149087 A1, US 20050149087 A1, US 20050149087A1, US 2005149087 A1, US 2005149087A1, US-A1-20050149087, US-A1-2005149087, US2005/0149087A1, US2005/149087A1, US20050149087 A1, US20050149087A1, US2005149087 A1, US2005149087A1|
|Inventores||Russell Ahlberg, Gary Johnson, David Okihisa|
|Cesionario original||Applied Medical Resources Corporation|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (14), Citada por (6), Clasificaciones (12), Eventos legales (1)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
This is a non-provisional application claiming the priority of provisional application Ser. No. 60/517,729, filed on Nov. 5, 2003, entitled “Multiple-Angle Scissor Blade,” which is fully incorporated herein by reference.
1. Field of the Invention
This invention generally relates to laparoscopic scissors and, more particular, to laparoscopic scissors having multiple cutting angles and multiple thicknesses.
2. Discussion of Related Art
During surgery, surgeons will typically need to cut into a multitude of objects such as tissues, suture and metal staples. A goal in the design of scissors and, in particular, in the design of scissors' blades is to optimize its effectiveness in cutting through different objects. For cutting through soft tissues, a large angle ground into the blade is most effective. That is, when sharp edges shear against each other, any tissue which comes between the blades of the scissors will get cut. The large angle on each blade is effective when cutting soft material because the blades can stay thin and razor sharp throughout the cut. A thin and sharp edge is optimal for soft materials because there is less resistance throughout the cut.
In contrast, when cutting through something hard such as a metal staple, the fine edge of a typical scissors' blade may not be as effective as when cutting soft tissue. A very fine and sharp edge may deform when required to cut a hard object. That is, a blade having a very large angle ground into it will deform if used to cut hard objects. To prevent the blades from deforming, the blades have to be designed to be thicker at and behind the point of cutting so that the blade edges do not deform. Having a small angle on the cutting edge of a scissor blade like this would help when cutting through hard materials such as staples or hard objects. Accordingly, because tissue and staples are typically cut with the same instrument, there is a need in the art for a laparoscopic scissors having both a large angle cutting edge and a small angle cutting edge on the same device.
The invention is directed to a pair of laparoscopic scissors, comprising a pair of blades connected at a pivot, each of the blades having a length, a tip portion, a body portion, an outer surface, an inner surface and a cutting edge, the cutting edge forming an angle with the outer surface along the length of the blade such that tension during a cutting operation at the tip portion is about the same as tension at the body portion during the cutting operation. In one aspect of the invention, the angle formed is continuously changing over the length of the blade. In another aspect, the angle at the tip portion is greater than at the body portion, and the angle progressively decreases from the tip portion to the body portion. The tip portion may have a first body thickness and the body portion may have a second body thickness different from the first body thickness. In yet another aspect, the blade may comprise a proximal portion proximal to the body portion having a third body thickness, wherein the second body thickness is thicker than the first and third body thicknesses.
The cutting operation may include cutting at least one of a body tissue, a suture and a surgical staple. During the cutting operation, the blades progressively move over each other to provide a point contact along the cutting edges. It is appreciated that the blades may be thickened in a number of locations and combinations including: (1) one blade could be thicker than the other to force the opposing blade to flex; (2) both blades could be thicker at the body or throat sections to give more strength when cutting staples; (3) each blade could be thickened on one side or the other to stiffen certain locations; and (4) the tips of each blade could be thicker than the body or throat sections to provide increased tension at the tips.
In another aspect of the invention, a process of manufacturing the pair of scissors of the invention is disclosed, comprising the steps of form grinding the blades into a desired shape from a pre-hardened block of material, and sharpening the cutting edges of the blades. It is appreciated that the blades of the invention may also be formed through other processes including Wire EDM (Electrical Discharge Machining), laser cutting, waterjet cutting, machining, cast or metal injection molding, and other independent profile manufacturing process. The manufacturing process of the invention is beneficial in that each profile can be accurately controlled, and the parts will be exact every time. Additionally, there is no heat-treating step afterwards because it was done prior to grinding and cutting. Another feature of the manufacturing process of the invention is that the parts can be made with any number of multiple thickness sections in the profile.
These and other features of the invention will become more apparent with a discussion of the various embodiments in reference to the associated drawings.
The accompanying drawings, which are included in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate the embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, explain the features, advantages and principles of the invention. In the drawings:
The following description refers to the accompanying drawings that illustrate the embodiments of the invention. Other embodiments are possible and modifications may be made to the embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, the following description is not meant to limit the invention.
Referring now to the drawings, and in particular to
A novel feature of the invention is that an angle α formed between the cutting edge 22 and the outer surface 16 at the tip portion 12 is different from an angle β formed between the cutting edge 22 and the outer surface 16 at the body or throat portion 14. That is, the angle formed between the cutting edge 22 and the outer surface 16 may be continuously changing over the length of the blade 10. In one aspect, the angle α is greater than the angle β. With this aspect, the edge of the blade would start at a very large angle α at the tip portion 12 and as it proceeds back along the edge toward the back of the blade, the angle starts to reduce until it is much smaller at the body or throat portion 14 of the blade. An advantage of the multiple-angle scissor blade 10 of the invention is the angles that most effectively cut different materials are all included on the same blade. Surgeons typically “snip” at tissue with the tip of the blades. Thus, grinding a large angle edge near the tip portion 12 of blade 10 would be most effective. Surgeons typically cut suture, which is a little harder than tissue, somewhere in the middle of the blades. Thus, grinding a smaller angle near the mid-portion of blade 10 would be optimal for suture. When cutting through very hard staples, surgeons will typically take a bite and force the staple somewhere between the center and the throat of the blades as illustrated in
It is further appreciated that the blades may be of any shape. In one aspect, the blades define a slight curve towards one another, which provides sharper cutting due to a single point cutting action. The tip portion 12 may also be provided by an outer edge 26. The tapered tip portion 12 allows insertion of the scissor blades into a cavity in the body of a patient. Additionally, the tip is rounded at its outer edge 26 to avoid inadvertent puncturing or abrasion by the tip during use.
In another embodiment of the invention as illustrated in
Another method for keeping the tension tight at the tips of the blades is to vary the thicknesses of the scissors blades. Referring to
It is appreciated that the scissors blades can be thickened in a number of locations and combinations such as:
In another aspect of the invention, it is appreciated that the scissors can be manufactured in a number of different ways. The most common method is to stamp and form the blades from a predetermined thick material, and then grind a razor edge into them. This method is relatively inexpensive, but if the blades need to be heat treated after forming, the parts can twist and distort thereby reducing or eliminating the tension between the blades. Thus, another process may be required to bring the parts back into specification so the proper blade tension may be realized.
Since the blade tension is the most critical aspect of a scissors, it needs to be controlled from the beginning. A block of material that is heat treated to the required hardness can be manufactured prior to manufacturing the blades. A form-grinding machine can grind one profile into the blade such as the cutting profile 40 illustrated in
The profile as shown in
Many alterations and modifications may be made by those having ordinary skill in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Therefore, it must be understood that the illustrated embodiments may have been set forth only for the purposes of examples and that they should not be taken as limiting the invention.
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|Clasificación de EE.UU.||606/174|
|Clasificación cooperativa||B24B3/52, B26B13/06, A61B17/3201, A61B17/320016, B26B13/08|
|Clasificación europea||B26B13/08, B26B13/06, A61B17/32E, B24B3/52, A61B17/3201|
|29 Oct 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: APPLIED MEDICAL RESOURCES CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:AHLBERG, RUSSELL E.;JOHNSOPN, GARY M.;OKIHISA, DAVID;REEL/FRAME:015941/0887
Effective date: 20041025