Búsqueda Imágenes Maps Play YouTube Noticias Gmail Drive Más »
Iniciar sesión
Usuarios de lectores de pantalla: deben hacer clic en este enlace para utilizar el modo de accesibilidad. Este modo tiene las mismas funciones esenciales pero funciona mejor con el lector.

Patentes

  1. Búsqueda avanzada de patentes
Número de publicaciónUS20050272329 A1
Tipo de publicaciónSolicitud
Número de solicitudUS 11/087,529
Fecha de publicación8 Dic 2005
Fecha de presentación23 Mar 2005
Fecha de prioridad16 Jul 2003
También publicado comoEP1651428A2, EP1651428A4, US20050014429, US20080014398, WO2005009728A2, WO2005009728A3
Número de publicación087529, 11087529, US 2005/0272329 A1, US 2005/272329 A1, US 20050272329 A1, US 20050272329A1, US 2005272329 A1, US 2005272329A1, US-A1-20050272329, US-A1-2005272329, US2005/0272329A1, US2005/272329A1, US20050272329 A1, US20050272329A1, US2005272329 A1, US2005272329A1
InventoresRuediger Tueshaus, Patrick McGrenera
Cesionario originalRuediger Tueshaus, Mcgrenera Patrick
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet
Wire mesh panel and method
US 20050272329 A1
Resumen
An assembly and method is provided for a decorative panel which may be utilized as a screen, wall, or other structural surface comprises a wire mesh woven with flat, substantially flat, or planar surfaced wires mounted within transparent or translucent sheets of glass, polycarbonate, plastic, and/or other glass-like material. The wires comprise twisted portions within the weave thereof whereby the twisting flat, substantially flat or planar surfaces thereby produce a visual effect. During construction of the panel, one or more sheets of binding material are positioned between the transparent or translucent sheet along with the mesh. The assembly is heated and compressed to thereby form a panel with all components bound together.
Imágenes(13)
Previous page
Next page
Reclamaciones(25)
1. A decorative layered panel assembly, comprising:
at least two outer layers comprised of substantially transparent or translucent material;
a flat wire woven mesh positioned between said outer layers, said flat wire woven mesh being woven with a plurality of flat wires; and
one or more inner layers of substantially transparent or translucent binding material which secures said at least two outer layers and said flat wire woven mesh together.
2. The decorative layered panel assembly of claim 1, wherein at least a portion of said plurality of flat wires comprise one or more twists at spaced intervals.
3. The decorative layered panel assembly of claim 1, wherein said spaced intervals vary in length.
4. The decorative layered panel assembly of claim 2, wherein each twist is formed by rotating a portion of one of said plurality of flat wires with respect to another portion of said one of said plurality of flat wires.
5. The decorative layered panel assembly of claim 3, wherein said flat wire is rotated less than or equal to 360 degrees.
6. The decorative layered panel assembly of claim 5, wherein said flat wire is rotated 180 degrees.
7. The decorative layered panel assembly of claim 2, wherein each of said one or more twists is contained completely within an individual one of said plurality of flat wires.
8. The decorative layered panel assembly of claim 1, wherein said plurality of flat wires are comprised of metallic material.
9. The decorative layered panel assembly of claim 1, wherein said at least two outer layers and said flat wire woven mesh is secured together with said binding material as a result of pressure applied to said panel and heating to panel.
10. The decorative layered panel assembly of claim 1, wherein said one or more inner layers are created from one or more sheets of said binding material positioned between said at least two outer layers.
11. A method for making a panel, said method comprising:
providing at least two sheets of translucent or transparent material;
providing a woven mesh comprised of a plurality of flat wires;
providing one or more sheets of binding material;
inserting said woven mesh and said one or more sheets of binding material between said at least two sheets of translucent or transparent material to form an assembly; and
melting said one or more sheets of binding material for adhering said at least two sheets of translucent or transparent material and said woven mesh together with said binding material.
12. The method of claim 11, further comprising heating said assembly sufficiently to melt said one or more sheets of binding material but not enough to melt said at least two sheets of translucent or transparent material or said woven mesh.
13. The method of claim 12, further comprising heating said assembly less than one thousand degrees Centigrade.
14. The method of claim 11, further comprising applying pressure to said assembly during said step of heating.
15. The method of claim 11, further comprising forming one or more twists within one or more individual ones of said plurality of flat wires.
16. The method of claim 15, further comprising forming said one or more twists while weaving said woven mesh.
17. The method of claim 15, wherein said one or more twists comprise a plurality of twists, said method further comprising positioning said plurality of twists in said woven mesh at repeatable spacings with respect to each other.
18. The method of claim 15, wherein said one or more twists comprise a plurality of twists, said method further comprising positioning said plurality of twists in said woven mesh at non-repeated spacings with respect to each other.
19. The method of 11, further comprising providing that said plurality of flat wires are comprised of metallic material.
20. The method of claim 19, further comprising providing that said plurality of flat wires comprise a diameter of 0.5 millimeters or less.
21. A layered panel, comprising:
one or more layers of glass-like material; and
a wire mesh mounted within said one or more layers of glass-like material, said wire mesh comprising a first plurality of wires and a second plurality of wires, said first plurality of wires being interwoven or knitted with said second plurality of wires, said first plurality of wires comprising a non-circular cross-section.
22. The layered panel of claim 21, said first plurality of wires further comprising a plurality of twisted portions wherein said non-circular cross-section is rotated.
23. The decorative panel of claim 21, wherein said twisted portions are spaced apart with respect to each other.
24. The decorative panel of claim 22, wherein said twisted portions are spaced apart with respect to each other at varying distances with respect to each other.
25. The decorative panel of claim 21, further comprising binding material to bind said one or more layers of glass-like material with said wire mesh.
Descripción
  • [0001]
    This application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/620,544 filed Jul. 16, 2003.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • [0002]
    The present invention relates generally to a wire mesh panel and, in one possible embodiment, to a wire mesh panel comprised of generally planar wires which may also comprise flat wires with twists therein.
  • BACKGROUND
  • [0003]
    Safety glass, also known as wired glass, is well known in the prior art. Safety glass may utilize a wire mesh support as discussed in more detail in the cited patents listed hereinafter. Safety glass is utilized to provide protective windows that permit visual perception therethrough. Accordingly, the wire mesh utilized in prior art safety glass is typically of very small diameter wire with wide openings in the mesh so as to avoid obstructing vision through the glass. Due to the small diameter wire mesh with large openings therein that permit maximum vision therethrough, there is effectively very little inherent strength in this wire mesh. To increase the strength of the wire mesh utilized in safety glass, the wire mesh is formed by twisting the wires together at each connection and/or welding the mesh.
  • [0004]
    The prior art safety glass focuses on minimizing the appearance of the wire inside the glass. The result of using relatively few strands of minimized diameter wire in the support mesh significantly improves the ability to look through the glass by blocking only a very small percent or a fraction of a percent of the light through the safety glass, but also provides a relatively low strength glass support structure as compared to many other reinforcing materials.
  • [0005]
    The following patents show prior art related to the above:
  • [0006]
    U.S. Pat. No. 2,511,168, issued Jun. 13, 1950, to J. S. Martin et al., discloses the construction and mounting of units of transparent synthetic resins, such as sheets, panels and structural components, and proposes a mounting extension or member secured to and projecting from the unit in such a manner that for all practical purposes it becomes an integral part thereof and embodies all the favorable characteristics of the unit, at the same time avoiding and eliminating the disadvantages which have heretofore characterized the mounting of elements or units.
  • [0007]
    U.S. Pat. No. 3,953,630, issued Apr. 27, 1976, to Roberts et al., discloses a laminated transparent assembly suitable for use as a windscreen for a high speed vehicle, e.g., an aircraft or railway locomotive, which comprises a load-bearing sheet of toughened glass having a second sheet of glass laminated thereto by means of an impact resistant interlayer of plastics material, e.g., polyvinylbutyral, and an insert of high tensile strength flexible material which extends around the periphery of the interlayer and which has an inner part embedded in the outer marginal portion of the interlayer in a plane parallel to the surfaces of the interlayer, and an outer part extending outwardly beyond the edges of the interlayer to provide for attachment of the assembly to the structure of the vehicle. The insert is preferably a sheet of fabric material, e.g., a fabric woven from rubber-impregnated glass fiber cords and nylon, with the glass fiber cords substantially perpendicular to the adjacent edges of the assembly, embedded between layers of soft polyvinylbutyral. The outer part of the insert may have a flexible portion adjacent to the edges of the interlayer and an outer marginal portion which is reinforced, e.g., with metal, to render it rigid to provide means for attachment of the assembly to the vehicle structure.
  • [0008]
    U.S. Pat. No. 3,954,547, issued May 4, 1976, to Werner Genthner, discloses the production of safety glass with a plastic sheet as an intermediate layer, using wires such as electrical heating wires, which are fixed on the plastic sheet in their final (for instance, undulating) shape in a stress free condition.
  • [0009]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,020,217, issued Apr. 26, 1977, to Karasudani et al., discloses a laminated safety glass structure which comprises at least two glass sheets bonded to each other through an interlayer of a plasticized polyvinyl acetyl resin treated with a specific modified siloxane alone or together with a specific alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salt of an organic mono- or di-carboxylic acid. This structure has a highly improved penetration resistance along with superior transparency, aging resistance and weatherability, and is suitable for use as windowpanes in transportation facilities and buildings.
  • [0010]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,173,668, issued Nov. 6, 1979, to Hentzelt et al., discloses a fire-screening panel that maintains its effectiveness in preventing fire propagation even after aging of the panel. The panel comprises a first structural ply formed from a vitreous sheet, and a second structural ply, with a layer of intumescent material disposed therebetween. Other plies may also be provided, and the plies are clamped together in face-to-face relationship, and/or bonded together. At least one ply of the panel has an infra-red reflecting coating disposed thereon, remote from the intumescent material, which coating provides for the retained effectiveness of the fire-propagating properties of the panel despite aging thereof.
  • [0011]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,173,672, issued Nov. 6, 1979, to Jose R. Mannheim, discloses a method to decorated laminate glass comprised of two glass sheets joined by a decorated film of a thermoplastic polymer. A sheet of glass, the film and a lamina of cellulosic material, decorated on the surface that contacts the film, are subjected to pressure and heat so as to transfer, by sublimation, the decoration to the film at the moment that it adheres itself to the surface of the glass. A second sheet of glass is over-placed on the decorated film and pressed to it, with heat, so as to form a safety glass decorated and/or colored in the interior.
  • [0012]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,642,255, issued Feb. 10, 1987, to Frank C. Dlubak, discloses a laminated article comprising two outer glass layers, a polyvinyl acetyl layer disposed therebetween and a fibrous layer encapsulated in the polyvinyl acetyl layer; and a process for producing the laminated article comprising (1) maintaining a substantially constant vacuum in a flexible container containing an assembly comprising (a) a first glass layer, (b) a first polyvinyl acetyl layer in contact with the first glass layer, (c) a fibrous layer in contact with the first polyvinyl acetyl layer, (d) a second polyvinyl acetyl layer in contact with the fibrous layer and (e) a second glass layer in contact with the second polyvinyl acetyl layer; (2) applying pressure on the container while increasing the same from about ambient pressure to an elevated pressure level and simultaneously increasing the temperature on the contents of the container from about ambient temperature to an elevated temperature level; (3) reducing the temperature on the contents of the container from the elevated temperature level to about ambient temperature; and then (4) reducing the pressure on the container from the elevated pressure level to about ambient pressure.
  • [0013]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,824,722, issued Apr. 25, 1989, to Kenneth B. Jarrett, discloses a safety glass laminate comprising a first sheet of organic or inorganic glass and a second rigid sheet, which may also be of organic or inorganic glass, with a flexible plastics interlayer therebetween bonded to each of the sheets by adhesive which has been cured by irradiation, the interlayer comprising two outer layers of plastics film and an inner layer of fabric, preferably woven polyester, interposed therebetween. The laminate may, for example, be employed as decorative cladding or as a panel for a glass door. A security window may be provided in the laminate.
  • [0014]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,219,630, issued Jun. 15, 1993, to James A. Hickman, discloses a fire-resistant safety glazing product which comprises at least two sheets of glazing material, e.g. glass, bonded together with an interlayer of adhesive binder material and metallic wire mesh of the type used in “wired glass” embedded in the interlayer. Methods of manufacturing fire-resistant safety glazing products are disclosed.
  • [0015]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,230,954, issued Jul. 27, 1993, to Sakamoto et al., discloses a fire protective glass panel for use in a fire protective window, door, and partition wall, which comprises at least one sheet of fireproof glass plate and a fluorocarbon resin film of a chain molecular structure type bonded to a side surface of the glass plate and which has non-shattering property as well as fire protection property wherein the fireproof glass plate is a heat-resistant and light transparent crystallized glass plate or, alternatively, the fireproof glass plate is a wire glass plate and the fluorocarbon resin film has a thickness of 0.02-1 mm and is made of one of FEP, PFA, PCTFE, ETFE, and PVDF.
  • [0016]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,462,805, issued Oct. 31, 1995, to Sakamoto et al., discloses a fire-protection and safety glass panel having a transparent appearance and dual functions as a fire protection glass for shutting out flame and smoke for a long period of time upon occurrence of fire and as a safety glass which is neither shattered into pieces nor forms any through hole if it is broken in an ordinary life. A PET (polyethylene terephthalate) film is arranged between a first glass plate and a second glass plate. The first and the second glass plates and the PET film are adhered through transparent acrylic adhesive agent layers, respectively. An intermediate resin layer comprises the PET film and the adhesive agent layers and has a thickness between 75 and 200 micrometers.
  • [0017]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,506,051, issued Apr. 9, 1996, to Levy-Borochov et al., discloses an improved transparent bullet-proof laminate which is formed with an energy absorbing transition layer located between preformed laminae of glass and/or plastic, such as polycarbonate, the transition layer constituting a cured aliphatic urethane acrylate with optionally up to 70% of a monofunctional monomeric acrylate, the transition layer in liquid form having a viscosity preferably no greater than 1000 cps and in cured state having a toughness of at least 0.1 MPa, and elastic modulus no greater than 25 MPa and an elongation of at least 20%.
  • [0018]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,908,704, issued Jun. 1, 1999, to Friedman et al., discloses optical and fire screening protective glazing laminates comprising fluoropolymer interlayer films. The films and their laminates comprise THV and blends of THV with FEP, ECTFE or ECCTFE, and modified with additives, such as coupling agents, pigment or color concentrates, and IR- or UV-light blockers, and may be subjected to a surface corona treatment. The films also may incorporate a fiber mesh for additional reinforcement.
  • [0019]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,944,862, issued Aug. 31, 1999, to Stephen Edwin Howes, discloses a decorative window which consists of thick transparent plastic resin layer laminated to a sheet of glass. The outer surface of resin layer includes decorative features, such as deeply contoured pictographic images and finely detailed textured surfaces. The decorative window is produced as replica of a glass master originally made using conventional grinding and surfaces finishing techniques. The master is then covered with a mixture of silicone, catalysts for curing the silicone, and a light oil to form a mold. After curing, the mold is removed from the glass master, inverted and a glass sheet, which has been prepared for the process by being coated with organosilane ester, is clamped thereto. The mold cavity is then filled with a mixture of a clear plastic resin, catalysts for curing the resin, and organosilane ester. After curing, the replicated decorative window is removed from the mold.
  • [0020]
    U.K. Patent Application GB 2,078,166A, published Jan. 6, 1982, to Ugo Pacella, discloses composite sheet material that is built-up of a plurality of single plates joined together by means of one or more interposed biadhesive tapes. The composite sheet may be provided with a colored or reflecting film and may comprise in addition inserts formed of films or wires provided for increasing the strength of the sheet or for serving as parts of electric heating or alarm circuits. The process for making the sheets provides for the application of the biadhesive tapes without the forming of air pockets and for a compression effect acting over the whole surface of the composite sheet within an autoclave. The single plates forming the sheet may be of glass, polycarbonate, or other synthetic material. The biadhesive tape is preferably provided on both sides with a protective film, to be removed before the application of the tape and the adhesive securement together of the single plates.
  • [0021]
    U.K. Patent Application GB 2,125,732A, published Mar. 14, 1984, to Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung, discloses a composite glass and/or vitreous ceramic-bonded system for application as shielding against microwave radiation which comprises between at least one supporting plate and at least one cover plate made of glass and/or vitreous ceramic material, a metallic microwave-impermeable shield which is non-detachably adhesively bonded to the plates by means of a viscously elastic and/or permanently elastic cement, the metallic shield being conducted in out of the bonded unit in such a manner as to enable it being connected in microwave sealed fashion to an adjoining frame and/or to mounting means. The composite system may be used, for example, as a viewing or observation panel for microwave-charged chambers.
  • [0022]
    U.K. Patent Application GB 2,155,856A, published Oct. 2, 1985, to James Arthur et al., discloses a method of producing a laminate which comprises arranging a pair of sheets, e.g. of glass, face-to-face and at an incline to the horizontal with a lower portion of the periphery of the sheets sealed in a substantially liquid tight manner by non-porous adhesive strip material sandwiched between the sheets. Settable liquid resin material is poured between the sheets through at least one filling opening along an upper portion of the periphery of the sheets. When all the resin material has been introduced, the upper portion of the sheet periphery is sealed with the exception of air gaps, the sheets are lowered to a horizontal position to enable air to be expelled through the air gaps, and the liquid resin material is allowed to set.
  • [0023]
    The above patents do not disclose solutions to the problems discussed above. Consequently, there remains a need to provide an improved glass or glass-like translucent or transparent material with embedded decorative metal. Those of skill in the art will appreciate the present invention which addresses the above and other problems.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0024]
    An objective of the present invention is to provide an improved panel with a decorative metallic reinforcement.
  • [0025]
    Another objective the present invention is to provide a means for selectively controlling light reflected by, passing through, or diffused by a decorative wire mesh panel embedded in translucent or transparent material.
  • [0026]
    These and other objectives, features, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the drawings, the descriptions given herein, and the appended claims. However, it will be understood that above or below-listed and other stated objectives and/or advantages of the invention are intended only as an aid in quickly understanding aspects of the invention, are not intended to limit the invention in any way, and therefore do not form a comprehensive or restrictive list of objectives, and/or features, and/or advantages.
  • [0027]
    In one preferred embodiment, the present invention provides for a decorative layered panel assembly which may comprise one or more elements such as, for instance, at least two outer layers comprised of substantially transparent or translucent material and/or a woven wire mesh positioned between the outer layers wherein the woven mesh may preferably be woven with a plurality of flat wires and/or one or more inner layers of substantially transparent or translucent binding material which secures the at least two outer layers and the woven wire mesh together. In one possible preferred embodiment, at least a portion of the plurality of flat wires comprise one or more twists at spaced intervals. The spaced intervals the twists may or may not vary in length. Each twist may be formed by rotating a portion of one of the plurality of flat wires with respect to another portion of the one of the plurality of flat wires. In one embodiment, flat wire is rotated less than or equal to 360 degrees. In another embodiment, the flat wire is rotated 180 degrees. In a preferred embodiment, each twist is contained completely within an individual one of the plurality of flat wires.
  • [0028]
    The binding material may preferably but not necessarily comprise a material which melts at less than one degrees Centigrade. In one embodiment, the two outer layers and the woven wire mesh may then be secured together with the binding material as a result of pressure applied to the panel and heating to panel. The inner layers may be created from one or more sheets of the binding material positioned between the at least two outer layers.
  • [0029]
    In one embodiment of the invention, a method for making a panel is disclosed wherein the method may comprise one or more steps such as, for example, providing at least two sheets of translucent or transparent material, providing a woven mesh comprised of a plurality of flat wires, providing one or more sheets of binding material, inserting the woven mesh and the one or more sheets of binding material between the at least two sheets of translucent or transparent material to form an assembly and/or heating the assembly to melt the one or more sheets of binding material for adhering the at least two sheets of translucent or transparent material and the woven mesh together with the binding material.
  • [0030]
    The method may further comprise heating the assembly to melt the one or more sheets of binding material but not enough to melt the at least two sheets of translucent or transparent material or the woven mesh. In one embodiment, the method may further comprise heating the assembly less than one thousand degrees Centigrade and/or may further comprise applying pressure to the assembly during the step of heating.
  • [0031]
    In one embodiment, the method may comprise forming one or more twists within one or more individual ones of the plurality of flat wires and/or may comprise forming one or more twists while weaving the woven mesh. The method may further comprise positioning the plurality of twists in the woven mesh at repeatable spacings with respect to each other. The method may further comprise positioning the plurality of twists in the woven mesh at non-repeated spacings with respect to each other.
  • [0032]
    In another embodiment, the present invention may comprise one or more layers of glass-like material and a wire mesh mounted within the one or more layers of glass-like material. The wire mesh may comprise a first plurality of wires and a second plurality of wires. The first plurality of wires may be interwoven or knitted with the second plurality of wires. The first plurality of wires may comprise a non-circular cross-section. The first plurality of wires may further comprise a plurality of twisted portions wherein the non-circular cross-section is rotated. The twisted portions may, if desired, be spaced apart with respect to each other. As well, the twisted portions may be spaced apart with respect to each other at varying distances with respect to each other.
  • [0033]
    Accordingly, the present invention provides a method for making construction material comprising a decorative panel comprising one or more steps such as, for instance, determining a desired amount of light to be passed by the flat panel ranging from zero percent to eighty-five percent, and/or controlling construction of a wire mesh comprising a first plurality of wires and a second plurality of wires to provide the desired amount of light to be passed by the flat panel, and/or mounting the wire mesh to the one or more plates of substantially transparent material.
  • [0034]
    The step of controlling may comprise controlling at least two of a group consisting of selecting a wire mesh weave, selecting twists in wires, selecting a percentage of open regions of the wire mesh, selecting one or more cross-sectional shapes for the first plurality of wires and the second plurality of wires, selecting a diameter of the first plurality of wires and the second plurality of wires.
  • [0035]
    In another embodiment, a method comprises one or more steps such as determining a desired amount of light to be reflected by the flat panel ranging from fifteen percent to one hundred percent, and/or controlling construction of a wire mesh comprising a first plurality of wires and a second plurality of wires to provide the desired amount of light to be reflected by the flat panel, and/or mounting the wire mesh to the one or more plates of substantially transparent material.
  • [0036]
    The step of controlling may comprise controlling at least two of a group consisting of selecting a wire mesh weave, selecting twists in wires, selecting a percentage of open regions of the wire mesh, selecting one or more cross-sectional shapes for the first plurality of wires and the second plurality of wires, selecting a diameter of the first plurality of wires and the second plurality of wires, selecting a texture of the first plurality of wires, selecting a type of metal or alloy, and the second plurality of wires and selecting a reflectance of the first plurality of wires and the second plurality of wires.
  • [0037]
    In another embodiment the invention comprises producing a substantially flat and easily cleaneable smooth surface with an internal decorative and textured wire screen.
  • [0038]
    The present invention comprises, in another embodiment thereof, a decorative construction assembly. The invention may comprise one or more elements such as, for instance, one or more substantially transparent panels and/or a wire mesh mounted within therein. The substantially flat panel may be rigid but could also be substantially bendable. The wire mesh may comprise a first plurality of wires and a second plurality of wires in at least one weave pattern or knitted pattern. In one embodiment, the wire mesh may act as a curtain in the glass whereby light passes but it is difficult to see what is behind the panel, especially from a distance. This embodiment may be of use for a dressing curtain or shower enclosure. The first plurality of wires may be interwoven with a second plurality of wires. The wire mesh may be woven with a twilled weave or variation thereof and/or the wire mesh may be woven in a Dutch weave or variation thereof and/or the wire mesh may be woven in a heddle weave or variation thereof. A few examples of other weaves include plain weave, twill weave, 5-heddle weave and/or other woven variations. The first plurality of wires may interconnect with the second plurality of wires at a plurality of intersections. Each of the plurality of intersections may comprise individual wires extending therefrom, whereby the individual wires engage each other but are preferably not twisted around each other so as to loop around each other. The second plurality of wires may have a cross-section with at least one planar side. Either the first plurality of wires or the second plurality of wires may have a non-round cross-section.
  • [0039]
    The decorative construction assembly may further comprise a transparent adhesive for securing the wire mesh within at least one first layer of substantially transparent material and at least one second layer of substantially transparent material. The wire mesh may have a surface area and may define openings therein that permit light through the wire mesh, whereby a percentage of the openings with respect to a total surface area of the wire mesh is in a range from zero to eighty-five percent. Alternative the range of open area may be smaller such as between zero and twenty percent or forty percent. The wire mesh may have a lustrous surface.
  • [0040]
    In another embodiment, the decorative construction material may comprise one or more elements, such as, for instance, weaving or knitting a first plurality of wires with a second plurality of wires to form a wire mesh. Depending on the embodiment, the wires may or may not be welded. In another embodiment, a metallic plate or sheet may also be stamped and/or stamped to produce an opening and which is then widened. The individual wires in the wire mesh preferably intersect without looping completely around each other. However, the mesh could be knitted by utilizing a plurality of knitting needles. The wire mesh preferably has between zero and eighty five percent open areas through the mesh. However, the wire mesh openings could also be between zero and fifty, forty, thirty, or twenty percent, depending on the decorative design. In one embodiment, the wire mesh may be mounted between a plurality of substantially transparent panels in laminar construction and may preferably be affixed to the plurality of substantially transparent panels. In another embodiment, the wire mesh may be integral or melted into the transparent panels. The wire mesh may be affixed by adhering the wire mesh to the plurality of substantially transparent panels and/or by fastening the wire mesh to the plurality of substantially transparent panels with a fastener.
  • [0041]
    The decorative construction material may be constructed into an assembly that may be used to form a portion of a building wall, and/or the decorative construction material may be constructed into an assembly that may be used to form a portion of an article of furniture. Many other construction uses are also possible, e.g., counter tops, glass curtains, shower enclosures, cubical walls, and the like.
  • [0042]
    A wall portion may comprise a wire mesh embedded within a plurality of translucent panels. The wire mesh may comprise woven filaments in a selected weave pattern such that open area through the wire mesh comprises less than eighty-five percent of an overall area of the wire mesh. The wall portion is preferably mounted. In one embodiment, the wall portion may be mounted in furniture. In another embodiment, the wall portion may be mounted as a wall for a building.
  • [0043]
    In one embodiment, the wire mesh may possibly be cut into a desired pattern, such as, for example only, geometric patterns, animal patterns, circles, automobiles, or any other types of patterns. The wire mesh preferably contains a lustrous surface.
  • [0044]
    This summary is not intended to be a limitation with respect to the features of the invention as claimed, and this and other objects can be more readily observed and understood in the detailed description of the preferred embodiment and in the claims.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
  • [0045]
    For a further understanding of the nature and objects of the present invention, reference should be had to the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like elements are given the same or analogous reference numbers and wherein:
  • [0046]
    FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing one embodiment of a decorative wire mesh embedded in glass, plastic, or other preferably relatively clear materials, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0047]
    FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of a decorative wire mesh embedded in glass, plastic, or other preferably relatively clear materials, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0048]
    FIG. 3 is an elevational view, in cross-section, of yet another embodiment of a decorative wire mesh in glass, plastic, or other preferably relatively clear materials, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0049]
    FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing yet another embodiment of a decorative wire mesh embedded in glass, plastic, or other preferably relatively clear materials, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0050]
    FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of a decorative wire mesh embedded in glass, plastic, or other preferably relatively clear materials, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0051]
    FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing use of a first cross-sectional shaped filament, in this case a twisted planar surfaced filament, with a second different cross-sectional shaped filament, in this case a round filament, which may be used in the decorative wire mesh, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0052]
    FIG. 7 is an elevational view, in cross-section, showing a plurality of cross-sections of some different types of wire filaments for use in the decorative wire mesh, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0053]
    FIG. 8 is an elevational view, in cross-section, showing another embodiment of a decorative wire mesh embedded in glass, plastic, or other preferably relatively clear materials, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0054]
    FIG. 9 is an elevational view, partially in cross-section, showing a welded mesh structure embedded in glass, plastic, or other preferably relatively clear materials, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0055]
    FIG. 10 is an elevational view showing a shaped decorative wire mesh, in this case a circle, embedded in glass, plastic, or other preferably relatively clear materials, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0056]
    FIG. 11 is an elevational view showing a decorative wire mesh embedded in clear glass or plastic with a cut out shape, in this case a circle, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0057]
    FIG. 12 is an elevational view showing a decorative wire mesh figurine, in this case a frog, embedded in glass or plastic, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0058]
    FIG. 13 is a perspective view of a glass-top table using decorative wire mesh embedded in the clear glass or plastic top, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0059]
    FIG. 14 is an elevational view showing another embodiment of a decorative wire mesh embedded in clear glass or plastic used as a wall or divider, in accord with the present invention;
  • [0060]
    FIG. 15 is a perspective exploded view of components utilized to form one possible embodiment of a decorative wire mesh panel in accord with the present invention;
  • [0061]
    FIG. 16 is an elevational view, in cross-section, which shows the embodiment of a decorative wire mesh panel shown in FIG. 15 after assembly in accord with the present invention; and
  • [0062]
    FIG. 17 is an elevational view showing an embodiment of a wire mesh panel which comprises a mesh with flat wires wherein some of the flat wires are twisted at specific locations in accord with one possible embodiment of the present invention.
  • [0063]
    While the present invention will be described in connection with presently preferred embodiments, it will be understood that it is not intended to limit the invention to those embodiments. On the contrary, it is intended to cover all alternatives, modifications, and equivalents included within the spirit of the invention.
  • GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
  • [0064]
    Referring now to the drawings and, more particularly to FIG. 1, FIG. 2, and FIG. 3, there is shown wire mesh panel 10 which comprises wire meshes 12A and 12B which are mounted within upper transparent panel 14 and lower transparent panel 16. The wire mesh utilized in wire mesh panel 10 may comprise many different types, including many different weaves, knits, and constructions. Wire mesh panel 10 is generally designed to have much less open area than prior art safety glass and may typically have open area in the range from zero to eighty-five percent as compared to the total area of the wire mesh but could comprise other ranges e.g., less than forty percent. In fact, in some cases it may be desirable to provide wire mesh with very small open areas or to completely close off the open areas thereby blocking vision therethrough such as for a show enclosure or dressing room curtain. Architect may be able to select a panel based on light passing through, light reflected, light absorbed, light scattered back or diffused when passing through panel 10. Thus, an architect may initially select such factors in order to choose a desired panel.
  • [0065]
    Typically, the open area will be less than about fifty percent of the total area of the wire mesh but could be a smaller or larger percentage. The reflectance of the wire mesh is also controlled. Different sides of the wire mesh panel may have different amounts of reflectivity. A preferred range of reflectance ranges from total reflectance of the light, up to one hundred percent to a smaller amount of reflectance such as about fifteen percent.
  • [0066]
    The wire mesh is preferably selected not only for strength but also for aesthetic purposes. Accordingly, one possible object of the invention is not necessarily to enhance vision through wire mesh panel 10 but instead to provide a generally very strong and aesthetically pleasing construction panel that may be utilized for a wide variety of construction purposes such as in furniture, building walls, and the like. The wire diameters may have a fairly wide range of diameters such as between 0.02 mm to 2 mm or larger. As the diameter decreases, additional wire strands are utilized to keep the open areas smaller. The wires may be of any type such as copper or stainless alloys or any suitable wire with any type of finish. In one embodiment, due to the limited open areas, most of the light striking panel, will be reflected and/or absorbed.
  • [0067]
    In another embodiment, the wire mesh panel is suitable for use in hygienic environments. For instance, screens may presently be provided in hygienic environments such as restaurants, hospitals, and the like which are difficult to clean. The present invention provides an easily cleanable panel with the aesthetic appeal providing by a screen.
  • [0068]
    In FIG. 1-FIG. 3, wire mesh 12A is woven with planar surfaced members such as filaments, wires or the like. However, other types of wires or combinations of different types of wires could also be utilized. The wires may or may not comprise insulated wires, which could be colored, although in a preferred embodiment, non-insulated wires are utilized. The wire mesh may also employ numerous different weaves, openings, and constructions only a few of which are shown herein. As used herein, terms such as filaments, wires, and/or other planar members comprise terminology that may be utilized substantially interchangeably. The weaves affect the light passing through as well as how much light is reflected and how that light reflects, e.g., by scattering or diffusing the light over the entire room.
  • [0069]
    Preferably transparent or translucent panels 14 and 16 are made of any suitable material such as glass, plastic, lexan, polycarbonates, acrylics, any suitable materials discussed hereinbefore, or any other suitable relatively clear or translucent material such that the wire mesh is visible through the panels. Translucent panels 14 and 16 may be rigid but could also be flexible to a certain extent so that panel 10 may be bendable by a certain amount. For a rigid construction either the translucent panels or the mesh may be rigidly formed. Considerations for panels 14 and 16 may also include insulation properties, clarity, any tinting, tensile strength, and so forth. A single translucent panel may also be utilized wherein the mesh is encapsulated such as by melting into the glass whereby the result is a wall like structure with a relatively large surface area with length and height much larger than the thickness of the panel.
  • [0070]
    The panels may be designed to provide a selected amount of light to be passed through or reflected such that an architect can make a panel selection based on such considerations. Thus, an architect will be able to design the amount of light coming through the screen such as through skylights, window panels, or the like. Various factors can be controlled in the construction of wire screen to control reflectance, light scattering, and translucence or the amount of light passing through the screen. Such control techniques may comprise selecting one or more of factors such as the wire mesh weave, selecting twists in wires to control reflectance, selecting a percentage of open regions of the wire mesh to affect both reflectance and translucence, selecting one or more cross-sectional shapes for a first plurality of wires and a second plurality of wires which may be woven together, selecting a diameter of the first plurality of wires and the second plurality of wires, selecting a texture of the first plurality of wires and the second plurality of wires and/or selecting a reflectance, gloss, polish, or the like, of the first plurality of wires and the second plurality of wires
  • [0071]
    In one preferred embodiment, the wire mesh is bonded, epoxied, glued, or the like between panels 14 and 16 and/or other panels as indicated in FIG. 3 utilizing clear adhesive material 18 which may be inserted into the interstices, openings, cracks, and/or gaps between panels 14 and 16 within the wire mesh, such as wire mesh 12B.
  • [0072]
    Wire meshes 12A and 12B in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 utilize planar surfaced members such as wires 20A;20B, 22A;22B, 24A;24B, and 26A;26B in a first direction, which may comprise parallel shute filaments. The cross-directional planar surface members or filaments, such as circular cross-section wires 28A;28B, 30A;30B, 32A;32B, 34A;34B, are woven transverse to the first direction, and may be the parallel warp filaments. In a preferred embodiment, the wires or filaments in one direction will be substantially identical, but depending on the equipment utilized for weaving, may not always be so. Generally, warp filaments are those that go along the length of the weave and shute filaments are those that go sideways with respect to the length of the weave. However, the mesh may also be knitted, such as a scrubbing mesh, or welded, or stamped. The welding of a mesh may be utilized to stiffen the mesh or rigid straight wires could be utilized to form a framework that is welded together. Knitted generally refers to stitching techniques which uses two or more knitting needles to make a wire fabric. Stamping may include insertion of a stamping tool to make an opening and then widening the opening.
  • [0073]
    The warp wires and the shute wires may or may not be identical and may have different types of cross-sections as shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5. In FIG. 4, wire mesh panel 10 comprises wire mesh 12C, which is woven with different cross-sectional types of planar surfaced wires. While in FIG. 5, the wires are of the same type.
  • [0074]
    Note that the wires may have much smaller diameters. For instance each warp member 36D, 38D and shute member 40D, 42D might comprise many separate smaller diameter wires. Thus, for instance, 36D may comprise many individual smaller wires which may be unwoven and aligned parallel to each other or which may be woven together to form 36D. Any cross-sectional type of wire may be utilized herein, as indicated in FIG. 7, which shows several different cross-section types of wires including planar wire 44 which may be flat with round corners and/or oval, triangular wire 46, square wire 48, rectangular wire 50 and round wire 52. Many other types of wires could also be utilized. As shown in FIG. 6, wires of different types such as round wires 52 and rectangular wires 54 may be utilized therein. As indicated in FIG. 6, rectangular cross-section wire may twisted, perhaps randomly or regularly twisted in a mesh, to thereby affect not only the visual effect of the mesh but also the reflectance of the mesh and the diffusion of light reflected and passed by the mesh through panel 10.
  • [0075]
    Thus, wire mesh panel 10 could be woven with a combination planar and non-planar cross-sectional type members or filaments and with a wide range of different diameter wires. For instance, planar wires, or wires laid together or woven together to form planar members, may be woven with round cross-sectioned wires or wires laid together or woven together to form round members. Planar wires or wires laid to form planar patterns or members may also be woven with different cross-sectioned planar wires or wires laid in planar fashion to form other members, e.g., rectangular cross-sectioned planar wires or members with triangular cross-section planar wires or members.
  • [0076]
    Referring to intersections 54D, 56D, and 58D in FIG. 5, it will be noted that in a preferred embodiment the wires intersect but do loop around each other. Due to the inherent strength of a mesh with smaller open areas, which may be the result of more wires and/or larger diameter wires, there is no need to wrap or twist the wires completely around each other as per prior art wire mesh safety glass. Thus, the wires typically engage each other, and may slidingly engage each other unless the wire mesh is epoxied or otherwise adhered into position. It will also be noted that in FIG. 5 the open areas of the mesh, such as openings 60, 62, and 64, provide about ten to thirty percent open area as compared to the overall area of the mesh.
  • [0077]
    In another embodiment of the invention, planar surface wires such as planar surface wires 36D, 38D, 40D, and 42D in FIG. 5 may be utilized to reduce the overall thickness of mesh 12D, and thus the overall thickness of panel 10. For some types of weaves, the variations produced by the intersections are greatly reduced by reducing the height of intersections to the extent that one side of the weave may effectively have no knuckles or portions extending outwardly from an average height of the mesh. Thus, light reflected may be less diffused when utilizing such weaves. For instance, referring to FIG. 3, it can be seen that on the upper side of mesh 12B adjacent panel 14, the mesh is substantially flat with no knuckles. Other meshes, may utilize, for instance, a five-heddle weave to thereby effectively eliminate the knuckles on one side and also reduce the number of crossing intersections that could produce knuckles. Use of weaves with significant knuckles results in a greater amount of diffusing of the reflected light. Other heddle weaves could also be utilized with more or fewer intersections per row. For instance, intersections where the wires change levels in a row could be spaced by every 2nd-4th planar element in a heddle weave. As another example, the reduced diameter knuckles could be spaced apart by more than five elements or filaments in a heddle weave, and may effectively result in zero knuckles. Wire mesh 12B of FIG. 3 shows a three-heddle weave. Other types of suitable weaves, a few possibilities of which are shown herein, include twill, plain, Dutch weave, twill weave, lock crimped, ride lockcrimped or flat top, weaving combinations, other weaves, and so forth. FIG. 8 shows a five-heddle weave with relatively flat surfaces on either side of mesh 12E.
  • [0078]
    In yet another embodiment, the wire mesh may utilize wires that are welded at each intersection to provide additional strength, such as shown in the cross-sectional view of FIG. 9. Thus, wires 66 and 68 are welded at intersections 70 and 72 to wire 74 in wire mesh 12F. FIG. 9 also illustrates that, if desired, fasteners such as fasteners 76 and 78 may be utilized for securing panels 14 and 16 together with mesh 12F. Many different types of fasteners could be utilized, as desired. Note that epoxy may or may not be utilized in interstices 18 when fasteners are utilized.
  • [0079]
    FIG. 10-12 show variations of use of mesh in panels 10. In FIG. 10 circular mesh 12G is utilized. In FIG. 11, mesh 12H provides for port hole 80. In FIG. 12, mesh 12I is in the form of an animal, design, or other arbitrary shape. If desired, in FIG. 10, the center region may be provided as only a screen and with no translucent covering. Thus, panel shown in FIG. 10 may provide a working screen that is mounted in the same way as a panel of glass to thereby avoid the special construction requirements for replacing glass with a screen or for mounting a screen. The center screen could also be utilized as an easily mountable filter for filtering particles such as in a filtering system. Screens mounted in glass may also be utilized with special screens, e.g., interferometer screens, for use in scientific instruments.
  • [0080]
    Panel 10 effectively forms construction material that can be utilized in a wide variety of ways. For instance in FIG. 13, panel 10 is mounted as the top in a coffee table or other table 82. Panel 10 may be provided as a counter in a bar or as a counter top for a kitchen. In FIG. 14, multiple panels 10 are mounted together to form a wall 84, such as the wall in an office building, bank, divider walls, shower doors, fireplace glass, balconies, stairs, skylights, or the like.
  • [0081]
    One possible preferred embodiment panel 100 is shown in exploded form in FIG. 15 and in cross-section in FIG. 16. In FIG. 15, glass-like materials such as glass, polycarbonates, plastics or other suitable materials, some of which have been listed and/or referenced hereinbefore, may preferably be utilized for outer panel layers 102 and 104. Layers 102 and 104 may also comprise tempered glass, annealed glass, heat strengthened glass, as desired. Layers 102 and 104 may be transparent or translucent with colors, patterns, particles embedded therein, or the like, as desired.
  • [0082]
    Layers 102 and 104 may comprise different materials. For instance, layer 102 may comprise glass and layer 104 may comprise polycarbonate. Moreover, additional layers such as glass layers, plastic layers, and polycarbonate layers, with additional inner layers therebetween may be utilized, e.g. glass, polyvinyl butyral, glass, polyvinyl butyral, glass, urethane, polycarbonate. Accordingly, the example of FIG. 15 is merely one possibility of construction and numerous different types of layers may be utilized in accord with the present invention.
  • [0083]
    The use of wire mesh 110 therewith opens the possibility for greatly increasing the strength of panel 110 to provide blast resistant, hurricane impact resistant, bullet resistant, forced-entry resistant, or simply decorative panels that are aesthetic and attractive. In one preferred embodiment, panels such as panel 110 may be easily mounted in a similar manner as one might mount panes of glass into a window frame.
  • [0084]
    Plastic, films, resins, vinyls, urethanes, polyvinyl butyral, PVB, EVA, and/or other suitable materials some of which have been listed hereinbefore, may be utilized inside of outer panel layers 102 and 104 to form one or more inner layers of materials which bind outer layers 102 and 104 together with mesh 110. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 15, two inner layers 106 and 108 are utilized which may be heated, and/or melted, and/or compressed and/or cooled to thereby bond together the components of panel 100. However, more or less than two inner layers may be utilized as desired, or as most expedient. The inner layers may preferably have sufficient volume to fill in the open areas of wire mesh 110 which may preferably be utilized in a central portion such that, if desired, no air gaps are introduced therein. In one preferred embodiment, the outer glass layers are compressed and heated to a temperature which may preferably be less than about one thousand degrees centigrade to thereby melt the materials of 106 and 108. Other materials for inner layers 106 and 108 discussed below may require different treatment. Layers 106 and 108 may be different materials which may interact or mix together or may comprise the same material. Layers 106 and 108 may effectively be one layer and/or effectively be one continuously bound layer with mesh 110 therebetween.
  • [0085]
    One embodiment of a method for making a panel in accord with the invention comprises steps such as compressing and heating layers 106 and 108 whereby the openings in mesh 110 are filled and the outer layers 102 and 104 are secured together. In this way, panel 100 becomes a solid, high-strength construction as shown in cross-section in FIG. 16. As discussed above, layers 106 and 108 as shown in FIG. 16 may be formed by one or more layers of plastic and or other materials that are preferably melted to thereby bond with outer layers 102 and 104 as well as mesh 1110. FIG. 16 shows a preferred cross-section, but additional layers may be utilized within panel 100 as desired.
  • [0086]
    As another possible example, PVB foils may be utilized for layers 106 and 108. PVB foils, in one embodiment, may be best utilized during manufacturing in a climate regulated atmosphere. One possible type of suitable PVB foil is sold under the name Trosifol. Trosifol foil can be used for manufacturing panel 100 simply with a vacuum bag and without the need for heat from using, for instance, an autoclave. However, with normal PVB foils, panel 100 may be formed by being put into an oven or autoclave and heated ninety to one hundred forty degrees Centigrade wherein pressure and heat are applied. PVB laminated glasses have good sound deadening and are generally considered to be rated as safety glass as may be especially desirable for use in stairways and/or other constructive glass applications.
  • [0087]
    As another possible example, EVA foil may be utilized which may be utilized for manufacture of panels 100 without the need for larger equipment. Generally, foils such as PVB or EVA, may be utilized as layers 106 and 108 which surround mesh 110, and which are utilized between glass layers 102 and 104. In order to pull out the air between the foils and the mesh, the whole construction 100 may be placed into a vacuum bag. The vacuum bag under constant vacuum is placed into an oven and heated at the desired temperature. Utilizing normal PVB, an autoclave is utilized to produce heat and pressure as necessary.
  • [0088]
    FIG. 17 discloses a translucent and/or transparent panel 100 through which one can observe a novel wire mesh 110 mounted therein which may be effectively utilized architecturally for reflecting, directing, and/or diffusing light. In one possible embodiment, mesh 110 comprises flat, substantially flat, or planar surfaced wires for both shute wires 112 and the warp wires 114. Flat or substantially flat wires, as referred to herein, have two surfaces with a flat or substantially flat appearance as seen when looking at transparent panel 100, such as might be described by cross-sections 44, 48, and 50 as shown in FIG. 7, wherein the cross-sections may be taken at various points along the length the wire and where, in a preferred embodiment, the cross-sections so taken remain substantially constant. However, it will be understood that other types of wires besides flat wires may also be used in the mesh.
  • [0089]
    For visual effects where twisting of wires may be used in accord with one embodiment of the invention, the twist is more visible if the wires utilized comprise a cross-section such that twisting produces a visually perceptible change, e.g., a twist in a wire with a rectangular cross-section as compared to a twist in a perfectly round cross-section which may not be readily discernible.
  • [0090]
    Variations of the flat wires in mesh 110 can be readily selected to produce desired architectural effects. Such variations of the flat wires to produce desired architectural effects include but are not limited to variations in width, opening spaces, reflectance, type of metal or alloy, finish of the metal, type of weave, and/or other variations disclosed hereinbefore, and/or the number and spacing of twists as discussed hereinafter.
  • [0091]
    Twists in warp and shute wires 112 and 114, such as twists 116 and 118, and the like, may be inserted at random positions, at irregular positions, and/or in a pre-determined pattern, as discussed hereinbefore. In one possible preferred embodiment, the twists are produced within particular portions of the wire rather than spread along the length of the wire. Each twist may involve at least one-half turn of the wire but could utilize one or more complete turns and each twist may have a preset, random, or irregular numbers of turns. The twists may be positioned anywhere in the weave including at the intersections, between the intersections, at either side of the mesh, at any specified or regular positions, at irregular, random, and/or regular spacings between twists and/or intersections and/or positions within the mesh, and/or at some combination of the above factors or other desired factors. As a general rule, while the shute or warp wire may be twisting, the shute and warp wires are not twisted together to form an intersection, although if desired they could be.
  • [0092]
    The spacing, number, location, and other various features of the twists may be selected based on the type and/or amount of lighting, reflection, or other visual effects which may be desired. The visual effects of wire mesh panels in accord with the present invention are discussed hereinbefore.
  • [0093]
    The weave may be a particular pattern, an irregular pattern, and/or a random pattern, as desired. If twists are desired, the twists may be positioned only in shute wires or only in warp wires or both. FIG. 17 provides an example where twists, such as twist 116 and 118 are included in both the shute and warp wires. The warp and shute wires may be substantially straight or may contain random, regular, or irregular curves as desired. As discussed above, while binding layers such as layers 106 and 108 may be utilized, resins may also be utilized. Resins may often be utilized more easily with larger wire diameters and smaller quantities of product produced.
  • [0094]
    It will be understood that terms such as wire mesh, woven or knitted mesh, and the like are often used interchangeably herein. By planar members it is meant herein that at least one surface of the wire, member, or filament substantially comprises a plane, has a cross-section which appears to provide a relatively flat continuous, smooth surface, or at least has a variable shape so that one portion of the cross-section is readily visually distinguishable from another portion. The cross-sectional shape may be substantially constant even if the wire itself is not exactly horizontal or straight but instead follows the weave of the mesh and if the wire includes turns or twists. In one preferred embodiment, the shape of the cross-section will preferably be continuous along the length of the member, filament, or wire. Thus, calendaring an already woven screen will not produce planar members with continuous, regular surfaces as discussed herein, because calendared filaments or wires do not have substantially the same cross-section along their length. Instead, calendaring will produce variations in the cross-sections of the wires or filaments at the knuckles. However, calendared screens may also be utilized in accord with the present invention.
  • [0095]
    Moreover, the woven planar filament meshes of the present invention may be molded into other shapes, which may not be relatively or perfectly flat, or which may be pleated or rounded, and/or may be utilized in any desirable shape within any type of filtration equipment which may not utilize vibration but may also utilize pressure or other means of filtration. It will be understood from review of the disclosure of the present invention that many different types of weaves and combinations utilizing woven planar members in accord with the present invention may be utilized.
  • [0096]
    The woven planar wires may comprise fibers of various types, stainless steel, carbon steel, other visually pleasing metallic materials, combinations thereof, colered plastic, or any other suitable material. A screen in accord with one possible embodiment of the present invention is preferably woven. One additional advantage of woven screens is a built-in resistance against vibration and the strength thereof as may be desirable for certain construction projects.
  • [0097]
    In one possible embodiment, woven wires such as wires 112 and 114 may comprise diameters of 0.5 millimeters or less, if desired, and may be woven in rolls with decorative aspects such as comprising various metals with various colors. As noted above, in one preferred embodiment, the wires are flat to thereby provide reflection visual effects. As already noted above, other visually effective meshes may include herring bone meshes and the like. In another embodiment, smaller wires in the range of 0.025 mm or so in 100 mesh mesh may be utilized to produce visually pleasing and/or practical screens, e.g., radar antennas.
  • [0098]
    Thus, the foregoing disclosure and description of the invention is therefore illustrative and explanatory of one or more presently preferred embodiments of the invention and variations thereof, and it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that various changes in the design, organization, order of operation, means of operation, equipment structures and location, methodology, and use of mechanical equivalents, as well as in the details of the illustrated construction or combinations of features of the various elements, may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention. As well, the drawings are intended to describe the concepts of the invention so that the presently preferred embodiments of the invention will be plainly disclosed to one of skill in the art but are not intended to be manufacturing-level drawings or renditions of final products and may include simplified conceptual views as desired for easier and quicker understanding or explanation of the invention. It will be seen that various changes and alternatives may be used that are contained within the spirit of the invention. Moreover, it will be understood that various directions such as “upper,” “lower,” “bottom,” “top,” “left,” “right,” “inwardly,” “outwardly,” and so forth are made only with respect to easier explanation in conjunction with the drawings and that the components may be oriented differently, for instance, during transportation and manufacturing as well as operation. Because many varying and different embodiments may be made within the scope of the inventive concept(s) herein taught, and because many modifications may be made in the embodiment herein detailed in accordance with the descriptive requirements of the law, it is to be understood that the details herein are to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US2511168 *30 Mar 194613 Jun 1950Republic Aviat CorpConstruction and mounting of units of transparent synthetic resins
US2714569 *18 Ene 19522 Ago 1955Dobeckmun CompanyLaminated thread
US3953630 *8 Mar 197327 Abr 1976Triplex Safety Glass Company LimitedLaminated transparent assemblies
US3954547 *28 Nov 19724 May 1976Saint-Gobain IndustriesMethod and apparatus for producing laminated glass sheets with thin wires arranged in an thermoplastic intermediate layer
US4020217 *7 Mar 197526 Abr 1977Sekisui Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaLaminated glass structures and process for production thereof
US4173668 *1 Dic 19756 Nov 1979Bfg GlassgroupFire-screening panel
US4173672 *6 Sep 19776 Nov 1979Mannheim Jose RDecorated safety glass
US4642255 *20 Dic 198410 Feb 1987Frank C. DlubakLaminated article and process for making same
US4824722 *17 Mar 198725 Abr 1989Deltaglass SaSafety glass laminates
US5219630 *28 Abr 199215 Jun 1993Miller Construction LimitedFire resistant safety glass
US5230954 *26 Dic 199127 Jul 1993Nippon Electric Glass Co., Ltd.Fire-protection and safety composite glass panel
US5462805 *29 Jul 199331 Oct 1995Nippon Electric Glass Co., Ltd.Fire-protection and safety glass panel
US5506051 *27 Ene 19949 Abr 1996Nicolectronix Ltd. LaboratoriesTransparent sheet composites for use as bullet-proof windows
US5908704 *30 Jun 19971 Jun 1999Norton Performance Plastics CorporationInterlayer film for protective glazing laminates
US5944862 *21 Nov 199731 Ago 1999Howes; Stephen EdwinMethods related to making decorative glass windows
US5998028 *12 Jun 19987 Dic 1999Eastman Chemical CompanyThermoplastic article having metallic wire, rod or bar embedded therein
US6103640 *8 Sep 199815 Ago 2000Bridgestone CorporationElectromagnetic-wave shielding and light transmitting plate
Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US7252331 *23 Nov 20047 Ago 2007Dorothy Goodrich WaltonSecurity bench
US7800548 *15 Abr 200821 Sep 2010Jungheinrich AktiengesellschaftIndustrial truck with at least one antenna for sending and receiving data
US81466628 Abr 20093 Abr 2012Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Well screen assembly with multi-gage wire wrapped layer
US82511389 Abr 200928 Ago 2012Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Securing layers in a well screen assembly
US829197113 Ago 201023 Oct 2012Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Crimped end wrapped on pipe well screen
US9119980 *14 Ago 20131 Sep 2015Beerenberg Corp. AsFire protected steel structure and removable panels for fire protection of steel structures
US960551810 Jul 201228 Mar 2017Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Securing layers in a well screen assembly
US20080104923 *7 Nov 20068 May 2008Boxhorn George RArchitectural composite panels and composite systems
US20090015494 *15 Abr 200815 Ene 2009Jungheinrich AktiengesellschaftIndustrial truck with at least one antenna for sending and receiving data
US20100163481 *30 Dic 20081 Jul 2010Dorstener Wire TechDrainage or Filter Layer for Well Screen Assembly with Integrated Stand-off Structure
US20100258300 *8 Abr 200914 Oct 2010Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Well Screen Assembly With Multi-Gage Wire Wrapped Layer
US20100258301 *9 Abr 200914 Oct 2010Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Securing Layers in a Well Screen Assembly
US20100258302 *8 Abr 200914 Oct 2010Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Well Screen With Drainage Assembly
US20130326975 *14 Ago 201312 Dic 2013Beerenberg Corp. AsFire protected steel structure and removable panels for fire protection of a steel structures
USD794224 *16 Jul 20158 Ago 2017Arktura LlcArchitectural panel
USD802173 *16 Jul 20157 Nov 2017Arktura LlcArchitectural panel
DE102014226529A1 *19 Dic 201423 Jun 2016Bayerische Motoren Werke AktiengesellschaftCFK-verstärktes teiltransparentes Flachbauteil, sowie ein Verfahren zu dessen Herstellung
Clasificaciones
Clasificación de EE.UU.442/18
Clasificación internacionalB32B15/02, B29C70/68, B32B17/06, B32B17/10, B32B15/08, B44F1/04, B44F1/06, B44C5/04, D03D15/00
Clasificación cooperativaY10T428/249953, Y10T442/109, Y10T442/129, Y10T442/145, D03D15/0077, D10B2503/04, D03D15/02, D03D9/00, B32B15/08, B44C5/0461, B32B17/10788, Y10T428/24273, B32B17/10247, B44F1/066, D10B2401/062, Y10T428/22, B44C5/0415, B32B17/10422, D10B2101/20, B32B15/02, B32B17/10036, B44F1/045, B32B17/10376, D03D15/0088, D03D15/0083, D10B2503/02, B32B17/06, B32B17/10009, D03D15/00, B32B17/10366, B32B17/10761, B29C70/688
Clasificación europeaD03D15/00O2, B32B17/10C4, B32B17/10G36, D03D15/02, B32B17/10G28, B32B17/10E32J, B44C5/04P, B32B15/02, B44F1/04M, B32B15/08, B29C70/68C, B32B17/10E32, B32B17/10E30, B32B17/10E12, B44C5/04D, D03D15/00, B32B17/06, B44F1/06D, B32B17/10C
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
23 Mar 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: DORSTENER WIRE TECH, A CORPORATION OF TEXAS, TEXAS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:TUESHAUS, RUEDIGER;MCGRENERA, PATRICK;REEL/FRAME:016412/0392
Effective date: 20050304