|Número de publicación||US20070276419 A1|
|Tipo de publicación||Solicitud|
|Número de solicitud||US 11/442,685|
|Fecha de publicación||29 Nov 2007|
|Fecha de presentación||26 May 2006|
|Fecha de prioridad||26 May 2006|
|También publicado como||EP2020930A2, EP2020930A4, EP2020930B1, US20130123823, WO2007139932A2, WO2007139932A3|
|Número de publicación||11442685, 442685, US 2007/0276419 A1, US 2007/276419 A1, US 20070276419 A1, US 20070276419A1, US 2007276419 A1, US 2007276419A1, US-A1-20070276419, US-A1-2007276419, US2007/0276419A1, US2007/276419A1, US20070276419 A1, US20070276419A1, US2007276419 A1, US2007276419A1|
|Cesionario original||Fox Hollow Technologies, Inc.|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citada por (46), Clasificaciones (17), Eventos legales (2)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation in part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. ______ entitled Methods and Devices for Cutting Tissue at a Vascular Location, filed ______ by Mike Rosenthal (Atty Docket No. 018489-002543US) which is hereby incorporated by reference.
The present invention is directed to devices and methods for cutting tissue. In a specific application, the present invention is directed to devices and methods for re-entering the true lumen from a subintimal space such as a dissection plane or so-called “false lumen.”
Guidewires and other interventional devices are used to treat vessels and organs using endovascular approaches. A guidewire is typically guided through blood vessels to the treatment site and the device is then advanced over the guidewire. For example, angioplasty and stenting are generally accomplished by first introducing a guidewire to the desired site and then advancing the angioplasty or stent catheter over the guidewire.
When attempting to advance a guidewire or other interventional device through a highly stenosed region or chronic total occlusion (CTO), the guidewire or device may inadvertently enter into the wall of the vessel to create a sub-intimal space. Once in a sub-intimal space, it can be difficult to re-enter the vessel true lumen. Devices for reentering a vessel true lumen from a subintimal location are described in WO 02/45598 which is hereby incorporated by reference.
Various aspects of the invention are directed to methods and devices for re-entering a lumen during an endovascular procedure. In one embodiment, the device has a cutter, an opening, and an energy emitter coupled to the cutter. The device is advanced into the subintimal space and energy is then emitted from the energy emitter to locate the true lumen. In one aspect, the energy emitter and cutting element are moved together which exposes the cutting element to cut an access path into the true lumen. In another aspect of the present invention, the device may have a bendable tip which is bent while cutting tissue to create the access path or may be bent to direct the device or a guidewire through the access path.
In another aspect of the present invention, the device has a rotatable cutting element which may be moved from a stored position to a cutting position which exposes over 180 degrees, and even 220 or even 270 degrees of the cutting element relative to the axis of rotation. In another aspect of the invention, the cutter may be gradually exposed as necessary. In still another aspect of the present invention, the body of device may be wider along a portion of the device to urge tissue toward the cutting element. The opening is relatively large and may be open at the distal end and may expose at least part of the cutter at all positions distal to the opening. The open end of the device permits the tissue to naturally move toward the cutter due to the generally open nature of the distal end.
In still another aspect of the present invention, a system for accessing a subintimal space includes a catheter through which the tissue cutting device is advanced. The catheter may be coupled to a fluid source to inject contrast or the like and may also be coupled to a pressure monitor for monitoring pressure to determine when the access path has been created as described in greater detail below.
In a still further aspect of the invention, a method of entering a true lumen from a false lumen during an endovascular procedure is provided. A guidewire is positioned in the subintimal space. A reentry device is then advanced over the guidewire to the target location in the subintimal space. The access path is then created using the reentry device to cut the access path. The same guidewire is then directed through the access path. The reentry device may have two different openings with the first being used during advancement of the reentry device and a second opening through which the guidewire extends when being directed through the access path. The first opening may be configured to direct the guidewire substantially longitudinal while the second opening directs the guidewire at an angle relative to the longitudinal axis.
The present invention is also directed to a device for cutting tissue which automatically adjusts the position of the tissue cutting element in response to changes in vessel size. The device has a sizer coupled to the body which moves in response changes in vessel size. The sizer is coupled to the tissue cutting element so that the tissue cutting element changes position relative to the body when the vessel size changes. When the vessel size decreases, the tissue cutting element is moved to expose more of the cutting element. When the vessel size increases, the cutting element is moved to expose less of the cutting element. The term vessel size as used herein is used to generally describe a lateral dimension of the vessel.
These and other aspects of the invention will become apparent from the following description, drawings and claims.
In another aspect of the present invention, a catheter is provided which has a rotating active element and a rotating energy emitter. The active element is mounted to a shaft which has a lumen. The energy emitter is mounted to another shaft which extends through the lumen in the shaft of the active element. The energy emitting element and the active element may both be coupled to and driven by a single rotating driver. Although both rotating elements may be driven by the same driver, the elements may rotate independently which may provide advantages over devices which couple the energy emitter and cutting element (or other active element) together. A problem with devices which couple the energy emitter to another rotating element, such as a cutting element, is that rotation of the energy emitting element may be disrupted by resistance met by the cutting element during rotation. Disruption in rotation of the energy emitting element can negatively impact the ability to gather useful information from the energy received.
The device 4 has a flexible body 16 to navigate through blood vessels or other body lumens to a target location. The body 16 may be made of any suitable material as is known in the art such as Pebax. The torque transmitting element 8 extends through a lumen 18 in the body 16. The body 16 may have more lumens for various reasons such as introduction of fluids, such as contrast, or for delivery of another device 4 such as a guidewire or interventional device. The torque transmitting element 8 is coupled to a driver 20 which rotates the torque transmitting element 8 at a variable or fixed speed.
The device 4 may also have an energy emitting element 22, such as an ultrasound element 25, which emits (and may receive) energy to determine the location of the true lumen as explained below. The energy emitting element 22 is coupled to the cutting element 6 so that the energy emitting element 22 and cutting element 6 are rotated together. The cutting element 6 is in the stored position when locating the true lumen so that the cutting element 6 is not exposed and will not cut or damage tissue. The energy emitting element 22 is positioned adjacent a window 24 which may be a side opening 26 or may simply be a portion of the sidewall which transmits a sufficient amount of the energy therethrough. Any suitable energy emitting element 22 may be used such as the ultrasound emitting element available from Boston Scientific and is marketed under the name Atlantis™. The cutting element 6 may be mounted to a collar which is then mounted to an ultrasound element holder 28 or the cutting element 6 may be integrally formed with the ultrasound element holder 28.
The device 4 has an atraumatic tip 34 which is relatively flexible to prevent damaging tissue. The tip 34 may be a separate piece laminated or glued to the body 16. The tip 34 is preferably made out of a relatively soft, flexible material, such as tecothane, and may be used for blunt dissection as necessary. A reinforcing element 36 is encapsulated in the tip 34 to help the tip 34 maintain its general shape. The tip 34 may also have one or more guidewire lumens 38 or any of the guidewire features described herein.
The opening 12 in the distal portion may be designed to expose over 180 degrees of the cutting element 6 and may even expose 220 degrees or even 270 degrees of the cutting element 6 as defined by the axis of rotation. This provides advantages over WO 02/45598 which does not expose much of the cutting element 6 and requires invagination of the tissue within the opening to cut tissue. In another aspect of the invention, the cutting element 6 may be gradually exposed. For example, the cutting element 6 may be gradually exposed from 180-220 degrees or even 200-270 degrees. As explained below, this feature provides the user with the ability to change the amount of cutter 6 that is exposed depending upon the tissue thickness between the subintimal location and true lumen. The term opening 12 and amount of exposure of the cutting element 6 are defined by the outer bounds of the opening 12 and the axis of rotation. Referring to
A distal portion 40 of the body can bend or articulate to further expose the cutting element 6A and to move the cutting element 6A toward true lumen. The body has slots 42 formed therein to increase the flexibility of the distal portion 40. The cutting element 6A has a surface 44 which engages a lip 46 on the body. As the cutting element 6A is advanced, the interaction between the surface 44 and lip 46 causes the distal portion 40 to deflect. Bending the distal portion 40 can be helpful in moving the cutting element 6A toward the tissue and may also expose more of the cutting element 6A. As also explained below, the tip 40 may also be bent to direct the device 4A itself or a guidewire into the true lumen. The cutting element 6A may also be gradually exposed as the cutting element 6A moves distally and may be gradually exposed in the same manner described above.
Use of the devices 4, 4A-C is now described with reference to the device 4 although it is understood that any of the devices 4, 4A-C may be used. As mentioned above, the device 4 may be used to perform any suitable procedure to cut from one location to another in the body such as a procedure to reenter a true lumen. The device 4 is initially advanced to a position within a subintimal space SS. As described above, the subintimal space SS may be inadvertently created during an endovascular procedure with a guidewire GW or other device creating the subintimal space SS as shown in
After the device 4 is positioned at the appropriate location in the subintimal space SS, the energy emitting element 22 is used to determine the location of the true lumen. When using the ultrasound element 28, for example, the ultrasound element 28 is rotated while emitting ultrasound energy and the energy emitted through the window 24 and reflected back through the window 24 is processed as is known in the art. The entire device 4 is rotated within the subintimal space SS to orient the window 24 until the true lumen is located. The angular orientation of the device 4 is then maintained so that the opening 12 and window 24 are directed toward the true lumen.
The cutting element 6 is then moved to the cutting position to expose the cutting element 6. The cutting element 6 may be rotated with the driver 20 during this time so that cutting is initiated as the cutting element 6 is exposed. In another aspect of the invention, the entire device 4 itself may be moved through the subintimal space to cut tissue. This provides advantages over the method of WO 02/45598 which requires invagination of tissue through a window to attempt a cut at one location. If the tissue does not invaginate sufficiently into the window, such as when the tissue is too thick, the device of WO 02/45598 will not be able to cut completely through the tissue to create the access path to the true lumen. The user must then move the device and again attempt to invaginate enough tissue to cut an access path. The present invention provides the ability to move the entire device 4 through the subintimal space to create the access path rather than attempting a cut at a single discrete location as in WO 02/45598. Of course, the device 4 may also be used by moving only the cutting element 6 rather than the entire device 4 without departing from the invention.
The cutting element 6 may also be exposed to varying degrees, as described above, until enough of the cutting element 6 is exposed to cut through to the true lumen. For example, the user may choose to expose half of the cutting element 6 and attempt to create an access path to the true lumen. If an access path is not created, the user may then choose to expose more of the cutting element 6 and again attempt to create an access path. This procedure can be repeated until the access path is formed to the true lumen. The device 4A, 4B may be also have a distal tip or portion 40, 60 which bends to move the cutting element 6 toward the tissue and/or expose more of the cutting element 6 during cutting.
After successfully creating the access path into the true lumen, the device 4 itself or part thereof may be directed toward or through the access path. Referring to
The junction 76 may include a feature which directs the guidewire into the second outlet 80. Referring to
The sheath 90 may include only one lumen 92 with fluid delivery and pressure sensing being accomplished in the annular space between the device and sheath as shown in
After accessing the true lumen, another interventional device may be introduced into the true lumen for the intended therapy or procedure. For example, a stent catheter, angioplasty catheter, or atherectomy device may be used to treat the occlusion. The present invention has been described for reentering a true lumen from a subintimal space but, of course, may be used for other purposes to gain access from one space to another anywhere within the body.
The body 116 has an opening 112 therein and the tissue cutter 106 is movable from the stored position of
The device 100 has a sizer 119 coupled to the body 116 which automatically adjusts the cutting height 117 based on vessel size. The sizer 119 is naturally biased to an outer position of
The sizer 119 is coupled to the tissue cutting element 106 so that the amount of exposure of the cutting element, such as the cutter height 117, changes when the vessel diameter changes. In the embodiment of
The tissue cutting device 100 may be used to cut tissue for any purpose. Furthermore, the device 100 has been described in connection with cutting tissue in blood vessels but may be used for any other purpose in the vasculature. The tissue may be cut and left within the body or may be removed in any suitable manner. For example, the device 100 may include a tissue collection chamber 130 coupled to the body 116 distal to the cutting element 106. The tissue cutting element 106 cuts tissue and directs the tissue into the collection chamber 130. The tissue cut by the tissue cutting element 106 is parted off from the surrounding tissue by moving the cutting element 106 back to the stored position.
An energy emitting element 222, such as an ultrasound element 224, is mounted to a shaft 223 positioned in a lumen 225 in the drive shaft 208 of the active element 205. The energy emitting element 222 emits energy toward tissue which is reflected back from the tissue to the catheter 200 and measured by the catheter 200 to provide information about the vasculature. The energy reflected back to the catheter 200 may be received by the energy emitting element 222 itself, such as when using the ultrasound element 224, or may be received by another part of the catheter 200 other than the emitter 222. The energy which is received back at the catheter 200 is then processed as is known in the art to provide the user with information such as an image of the vessel.
The drive shaft 208 and the body 232 each have a part 235, 237 adjacent to the emitter 222 which permits energy to pass therethrough. Energy reflected back at the catheter 200 from the tissue may also pass back through the parts 235, 237 of the body 232 and shaft 208 to be received by the emitter 222 or another part of the catheter 200. Of course, the catheter 200 may also have an open window through which energy is emitted rather than directing energy through parts of the body 232 and/or shaft 208.
Referring now to
Although the catheter 200 has been described in connection with cutting tissue, the catheter 200 may use any other suitable active element which is rotated such as an ablating element, a diagnostic tool, or a drug delivery element. The tissue which has been cut may be left in the body or removed in any suitable manner. For example, the catheter 200 may also have a tissue collection element 236 positioned distal to the cutting element 206. The cutting element 206 cuts tissue and directs the tissue through the opening 234 in the body 232 and into the tissue collection element 230 as the catheter 200 is advanced.
The present invention has been described in connection with the preferred embodiments, however, it is understood that numerous alternatives and modifications can be made within the scope of the present invention as defined by the claims.
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|Clasificación de EE.UU.||606/159, 600/471|
|Clasificación internacional||A61B8/14, A61B17/22|
|Clasificación cooperativa||A61B2017/22039, A61B2017/32004, A61B2017/2905, A61B17/320783, A61B17/320068, A61B17/32002, A61B2019/528, A61B2017/22095, A61B2019/4857, A61B2017/2927, A61B17/320758|
|Clasificación europea||A61B17/3207R, A61B17/3207S|
|23 Ago 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FOX HOLLOW TECHNOLOGIES, INC., CALIFORNIA
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