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Número de publicaciónUS2102069 A
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Fecha de publicación14 Dic 1937
Fecha de presentación17 Jun 1936
Fecha de prioridad17 Jun 1936
Número de publicaciónUS 2102069 A, US 2102069A, US-A-2102069, US2102069 A, US2102069A
InventoresHanicke Paul William
Cesionario originalHanicke Paul William
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet
Cervical splint
US 2102069 A
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Descripción  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)

P. W. HANICKE CERVICAL SPLINT Dec. E4, WSJ

Filed June 17, 1936 nrnuwx` n VIII/2U! f INVENTORn Pqu/M/ fY//am Han/cke ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 14, 1937 NiTEo star 22 Claims.

My invention relates to apparatus for the immobilization of the cervical vertebrae after a fracture thereof has occurred, to hold the same in such position as to prevent pressure on or injury to the spinal cord. One of the purposes of my invention is to provide an apparatus of the above mentioned character that is simple in construction and which is adjustable in any desired manner to obtain a desired position of the head relative to the body of the person to whom the apparatus isV applied so as to hold a fractured vertebra in proper position for unison. The apparatus is so constructed as to contact the headY and body of the wearer thereof only 3 at necessary points to thus avoid unnecessary discomfort for the wearer thereof.

Generally, my improvedapparatus comprises body-engaging members `and head-engaging members, there being a pair of each of said members, and the paired body-engaging and paired head-engaging members being connected together in such a manner as to limit the movement of the same away from each other. The head-engaging and body-engaging members each comprise pads that engage portions of the head andV body, respectively, ductile rod-like members connecting the pads mounted on pad holders, and means for connecting the ductile rod-like members so that the same can be moved toward and away from each other to obtain anydesired spacing of the body-engaging members from the head-engaging members. Also the apparatus comprises means for adjusting the pad car- @rying members substantially universally relative to the rod-like members, and the rod-like members relative to each other not only in spacing, but in angular relationship, and in various other Ways.

` The Weight of the head is, of course, transferred from the head to the body through the pads and the framework comprising the rod-like members and connecting means. It is e. purpose of my invention to provide a mounting for the pads whereby the same can be shifted on the rod-like members to increase or decrease the spacing of the same on the rod-like members, and to provide moans for varying the angular position of said pads around the rod-like members so that the same can be made to t accus rately the contour of the head, chin, shoulder,

that is provided with means for adjusting the ('Cl. 12S-87) rod-like members, or frame members, relative to each other so as to obtain any desired position either in angular relation, or spacing, of the head engaging portion relative to the body engaging portion that may be desirable, or necessary, as indicated by the nature of the fracture.

It is a further purpose of my invention to provide pads of the above mentioned character, which are made of sponge rubber and which may be replaced when desired.

It is a further purpose of my invention to make the rod-like, or frame, members oi ductile material, such as aluminum'rod, so that Vthe same can be bent to the contour of the shoulder, or chest, or the shape or" the head, to obtain a more proper bearing of the pads on the head, chest and shoulder to lX the head in proper adjusted position relative to the body to obtain the desired position of the fractured portions or the vertebrae for proper setting of the fracture and prevention oi injury to the spinal cord.

One of the important advantages of my invention is that all of the parts thereof that are in such relationship to the body of the person to whom the apparatus is applied that the same might interfere with X-ray photography of Vthe fracture, are made of material through which the X-ray will pass, such as aluminum, and sponge rubber, and similar material, the rods and pad holders beingY both made of aluminum.

To obtain the desired adjustment of the pads relative to the frame members of the device, said pads are mounted so that the holders therefor may be rotated about their own axes, about the axes of the rods, and simultaneously clamped in adjusted position to prevent rotation thereof about either of the axes and movement thereof along the rods. Y

Other objects and advantages of my invention will appear as the description of the accompanying drawing proceeds. I desire to have it understood, however, that 1 do not intend to limit myself to the particular details shown or described, except as defined in the claims.

In the drawing:

Fig. l is a view in perspective, showing my improved apparatus applied, the head and shoulders of the person to whom the lapparatus is applied being shown in dotted outline.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary side elevational view of my improved apparatus, on an enlarged scale.

Fig. 3 is a section thereof taken on'the line 3--3 of Fig. 2, on a still larger scale.

Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view through one of the pad holders and pads and associated parts on substantially the same scale as Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a side view taken substantially on the same scale as Fig. 2 of the clamping bracket connecting the rods with the adjustable connecting bar.

Fig. 6 is an end view of the stud for connecting the bracket and bar, as viewed from the right of Fig. 3, and

Fig. 7 is a fragmentary face view of one end of the connecting bar, as viewed from the left of Fig. 3.

Referring in detail to the drawing, my improved apparatus comprises the rod-like members I9 and II, there being a pair of the rodlike members i9, one on each side of the head, and a pair of the rod-like members II, one on each side of the neck of the wearer of the ap paratus, each adjacent one of the shoulders of the wearer thereof. Said rod-like members are made of aluminum of such ductility that the same can be readily bent to a desired position. The central portions of the rod-like members I@ and II are provided with squared portions I2 and I3, respectively, and with roughened, or serrated, portions I li, I5, I6 and II. Except for` their shape, the rod-like members I9 and II are substantially alike, although the same may be of different length, if this is found to be desirable. The serrations are, preferably, formed by cutting shallow grooves I8 in the rod-like members I0 and I near their ends. The connection between each rod-like member IU and each of the pad members, and the connection between each rod-like member II and each of the pad members, is the same, so the same reference numerals will be applied to the various parts of the connecting means for each of the pad members.

The rod-like members I9 have sleeve-like members I9 mounted thereon, through the openings 2D of which the rod-like members IB and II, respectively, extend. A threaded opening 2| is provided in each sleeve-like member I9. which intersects the opening 29 and in which is threaded a clamping screw 22. Pivotally mounted in an opening 23 in the head portion 24 of said clamping screw, is a ring 25, which ring is utilized for turning the clamping screw. A button having a shank portion 26 and a head portion 2l is also provided on the head of the clamping screw. The opposite end of the sleevelike member I9 to that having the screw threaded opening 2l is provided with a round flange forming a flat head 23 thereon, which is mounted in a circular socket 29 formed in the pad carrying member 39 by pressing out a portion 3| thereof. The member 30 is thus rotatable on the member I9, or swvelled thereon.

However, it will be obvious, that the clamping screw 22, when tightened up, will not only clamp the sleeve-like member I9 to the rod-like member Ill, or II, as the case may be, but will also draw the head 28 toward the rod-like member Il), or II, so as to clamp the head 28 on the socket 29 and prevent rotation of the pad carrier 3B relative to the sleeve-like member i9. Thus, while each of the pad holders comprising the sleeve-like members I9 and the carrier members 39 are adjustable by longitudinal sliding movement on the rod-like members Iii and II, and by rotation about the rod-like members Iii and II so as to obtain any desired spacing of said holders on said rod-like members, and any desired angular relationship of said holders to said rod-like members, and to each other, and any desired position of the pads carried by the carriers 30 relative to the axis of the sleevelike members I9, tightening of the clamping screw 22 will hold said members simultaneously from all such movements and clamp the same in whatever adjusted position these may be placed.

Each holder is provided with a pad of cushioning material, such as sponge rubber, indicated by the numeral 32, and said pads correspond generally to the shape of the carriers 3l), which carriers may be of an oblong shape, as indicated for the carrier 39 in Fig. 1, the same being somewhat curved in cross section so as to fit somewhat to the curvature of the jaw bone adjacent the chin of the wearer, or the same may be made of substantially flat disk-like character, such as the members 39', indicated in Fig. l as engaging the back of the head and the chest of the wearer of the device, or the same may be elongated and somewhat curved in cross section in a longitudinal direction, as indicated by the numeral 39 for the shoulder-engaging pad in Fig. l. The only difference in the construction of the various pad carriers, however, is in the shape and size of the body portions thereof. The mounting of the same and the engagement of the pads therewith is identical in all cases.

Said pads are provided with flexible pocket forming members 33 thereon, which extend around the edges of said pad members on the rear faces thereof, being secured to said rear faces adjacent the peripheral edges of the same at 34 by any suitable adhesive and forming annular, or uninterrupted, curved, flexible flanges on said members 32, which are adapted to receive the peripheral edge portions 35 of the carrier 30, 30 or 30", the pad-like members 32 being made of sponge rubber for such deformability and elasticity that the pockets formed by the exible flanges 33, of leather, or similar material, can be readily engaged with the members 39, 39 or 3D, as the case may be, and will be held in position thereon against accidental removal, but can be removed, when desired, for replacement of pads that may have become soiled with new pads. Thus the apparatus can be supplied with an entirely new set of pads for every wearer thereof if this is desired. The rod-like members I9 and II on each side of the device are adjustably connected together by the vertically extending, or substantially vertically extending connecting member having the overlapping fiat members 3T and 38.

The member 3l is provided with a plurality of screw threaded openings 39 and with an opening dil, in which is riveted a shank portion 4I of a headed stud l2 having a transversely extending head portion i3, which is considerably wider than a slot i4 provided in the member 38. The slot M aligns with the threaded openings 39 and a threaded clamping screw 45 is engaged with any desired one of the threaded openings 39 and has a head 4S thereon that engages the face of the member 38 adjacent the slot 44. A split ringlike member 4l' is provided with end portions 48 that are pivotally mounted in openings 49 in the head IE6 to provide means for readily turning the clamping screw. It will be seen that by means of the clamping screw 45 and the headed member 42 the two flat bar-like members 3'I and 38 can be held in a fixed adjusted position to obtain any desired length for the connecting member formed of the members 3'I and 38. Each of the members 3'I and 38 is provided with means Vfor connecting the same with the rodlike member Il] or Il, as the case may be. Said adjustable connecting means are all substantially alike so the description of one thereof will suflice for al1.

Said adjustable connecting means comprises a headed clamping screw 5B, which extends through an opening 5l provided in either the member 31 or the member 38, the head 52 of said `clamping screw being radially grooved, or serrated, on the inner face 53 thereof. Cooperating with each headed clamping member 50 isa sheet metal clamping member 54, which is provided with a rectangular sleeve portion 55 that i'lts around the squared portion I2 of the rod-like member Il), or the rod-like member Il, as the case may be. The clamping member 54 is somewhat resilient and has a pair of ears 56 thereon that are perforated to receive the shank portion of the clamping screw 5D. VSaid ears are provided with corrugations 51 radiating from the openings through which the headed elements 50 extend,

'said radially extending corrugations corresponding to the radial grooves, or serrations, in the rear face of the head 52 at 53 and being adapted to be received therein. The members 31 and 33 are each also provided with serrated portions, or radiating grooves, 58 extending around the opening 5I, with which a set of radiating Ycorrugations 51 on each member 54 is adapted to engage. Y

It will be obvious that after the nut 59 on the clamping member is tightened down on the screw threaded portion 60 thereof by means of the split ring-like member 5l, the ears 55 will be drawn toward each other and the corrugations 51 will rugated washer 63 is mounted on the threaded stem 6D adjacent the member 31 or 38, as the case may be, and acts as a lock washer to further clamp the parts against relative movement, a plain washer 64 being provided between the washer 53 and the nut 59 on the headed clamping member 50. It will be obvious that after the nut 59 is screwed down on the clamping member '53 and the ears 55 on the bracket member 55 are drawn toward each other the rectangular sleeve portion 55 will be fixedly clamped on the squared portion I2 of the rod-like member In, or Il, as the case may be, but that the squared sleeve portion 55 can be slid on the squared portion i2 when the clamping member is released, thus providing a longitudinal adjustment of the connecting member, made up of the parts 31 and 3B and the bracket members 54, on the rod-like member l, or l l, as the case may be.

Flexible members, such as the straps 10, 1|, 12 and 13, are provided for connecting the apparatus on one side of the head and neck of the wearer thereof, with the apparatus on the other side of the head and neck of the wearer thereof, the straps 1l andV 13 connecting the two rod-like members wand the straps 1B and 12 connecting the two rod-like members Il. The transverse spacing of the rod-like members I0 and Il is obtained by means of said flexible members, or

straps, 1D, 1I, 12 and 13, which are providedwith rows of openings 14 therein, with any one of Vbe applied,l and also readily removed when this One side of the apparatus comis desirable. prising the rod-like members i3 and Il and the pads carried therebycan be removed from supporting position without disturbing the other side thereof by unbuttoning the flexible straps 13, 1|, 12 and 13. The members i6, il, i9, 35, 3G', 30" and 52 are all Ymade of aluminum. It will thus be seen that there will be no parts made of such a metal as would interfere with the taking of X-ray photographs in such a position as to interfere with the taking of such photographs of the fractured vertebrae'when the supporting apparatus is in position to Vsupport the fractured vertebrae.

What I claim is:-

1. An apparatus of the character described, comprising an elongated head-engaging member, an elongated body-engaging member and a single spacing member connecting said head-engaging member with said body-engaging member, said head-engaging member being angularly adjustable relative to said spacing member.

v 2. An apparatus of the character described, comprising an elongated head-engaging member, an elongated body-engaging member and a single spacing member connecting said head-engaging member with said body-engaging member, said body-engaging member being angularly adjustable relative to said spacing member.

3. An apparatus of the character described, comprising an Velongated head-engaging member, a body-engaging member and a spacing member connecting said head-engaging member with said body-engaging member, said spacing member being adjustable longitudinally of said head-engaging member.

4.. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a bodyengaging member and a spacing memberV connecting said head-engaging member with said body-engaging member, said spacing member being adjustabble longitudinally of said body engaging member.

5. An apparatus of thecharacter described, comprising a head-engaging member, a body engaging member, spaced body-engaging pads on said body-engaging member, means for adjusting the position of said pads on said body-engaging member and a spacing member connecting said head-engaging member Withsaid body-engaging member.

6. An apparatus of the character described, comprising an elongated head-engaging member, a body-engaging member, head-engaging pads on said head-engaging member, means for adjusting the position of said pads longitudinally on said member and a single spacing member connecting said'Y head-engaging member with said body-engaging member.

7. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a body engaging member, spaced body-engaging pads on said body-engaging member, means for adjusting the position of said pads on said member in a plurality of different directions and a spacing member connecting said head-engaging member with said body-engaging member.

8. An apparatus of the character described, comprising an elongated head-engaging member, a body-engaging member, spaced head-engaging pads on said head-engaging member, means for adjusting the position of said pads relative to said member in a plurality of different directions and a spacing member connecting said head-engaging member with said body-engaging member.

9. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a bodyengaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members, each comprising a frame member, pad holders, pads on said holders, and means for longitudinally adjustably mounting said pad holders on said frame member, and a spacing member connecting said head-engaging member with said body-engaging member.

10. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a bodyengaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members, each comprising a frame member, pad holders, pads on said holders, and means for mounting said pad holders on said frame member for relative angular adjustment, and a spacing member connecting said headengaging member with said body-engaging member.

11. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a bodyengaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members each comprising a frame member, pad holders and means for mounting each pad holder on its frame member for rotational adjustment about an axis transverse to said frame member, and a spacing member connecting said head-engaging member with said body-engaging member.

12. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a bodyengaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members each comprising a frame member, pad holders and means for mounting each pad holder on its frame member for longitudinal adjustment on said frame member, and rotational adjustment about an axis transverse to said frame member, and the pad holders on each frame angularly relative to each other, comprising a single clamping means for holding each pad holder in adjusted position, and a spacing member connecting said head-engaging member with said body-engaging member.

13. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a body-engaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members each comprising an elongated ductile rod-like frame member having polygonal portions between the ends thereof, and means connecting said rod-like frame members cornprising a pair of overlapping adjustably connected members having polygonal sleeve-like brackets on the ends thereof, slidably mounted on the polygonal portions o said rod-like members and means for clamping said brackets in fixed position on said rod-like members.

14. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a body-engaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members each comprising an elongated rod-like frame member having polygonal portions between the ends thereof, and means connecting said rod-like frame members comprising a pair of overlapping adjustably connected members having polygonal sleeve-like brackets swingably mounted on the ends thereof and slidably mounted on the polygonal portions of said rodlike members, and means for simultaneously clamping said brackets in fixed position on said rod-like members and said brackets in fixed position on said overlapping adjustably connected memb-ers.

15. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a bodyengaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members each comprising an elongated rod-like frame member having serrated portions near the ends thereof, means connecting said rod-like members between the ends thereof, and pad holders comprising sleeve portions mounted for sliding and turning adjustment on said serrated portions of said rod-like members, and means for simultaneously clamping said sleeve portions against sliding and turning movement on said rod-like members.

16. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a body-engaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members each comprising an elongated, ductile, rod-like frame member, means connecting said rod-like members between the ends thereof, said rod-like members being otherwise entirely free of each other, pad holders adjustably mounted on said rod-like members near the ends thereof and pads on said pad holders.

17. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a body-engaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members each comprising an elongated, rod-like frame member, sleeve portions mounted for sliding and turning adjustment on said rod-like members, pad carriers swivelled on said sleeve portions, and means for clamping said pad carriers in iixed position on said sleeve portions.

18. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a body-engaging member, said head-engaging and bodyengaging members each comprising an elongated rod-like frame member having serrated portions near the ends thereof, means connecting said rodlike members between the ends thereof, and pad holders comprising sleeve portions mounted for sliding and turning adjustment on said serrated portions of said rod-like members, pad carriers swivelled on said sleeve portions, and means for simultaneously clamping said sleeve portions against sliding and turning movement on said rod-like members and said pad carriers in fixed position on said sleeve portions.

19. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a head-engaging member, a body-engaging member, said head-engaging and body engaging members each comprising an elongated rod-like frame member, means connecting said rod-like members between the ends thereof, and pad holders comprising sleeve portions mounted for sliding and turning adjustment on said rodlike members, pad carriers mounted on said sleeve portions comprising disk-like members, and pads of compressible material having flexible marginal means thereon engaging around the edges of said disk-like members to detachably mount said pads on said holders.

Z0. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a pair of unconnected head-engaging members, a pair of body-engaging members, a pair of spacing'members, each spacing member connecting a head-engaging member and a bodyengaging member, and flexible means connecting said body-engaging members.

21. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a pair of unconnected head-engaging members, a pair of body-engaging members, a pair of spacing members, each spacing member connecting a head-engaging member and a bodyengaging member, saidVbody-engaging members being each independently adjustable relative to said spacing members and said head-engaging members being each independently adjustable relative to said spacing members, and flexible head-engaging means, thereon, said elongated members having the corresponding ends thereof spaced from each other and unconnected, a pair of elongated members having body-engaging means thereon, said last mentioned elongated members having the corresponding ends thereof spaced from each other, a pair of spacing members, each spacing member connecting an intermediate portion oi an elongated member having -ing the corresponding ends of the elongated members having said body-engaging means thereon.

PAUL WILLIAM HAN'ICKE.

Citada por
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Clasificaciones
Clasificación de EE.UU.602/18, 128/DIG.230
Clasificación internacionalA61F5/055
Clasificación cooperativaY10S128/23, A61F5/055
Clasificación europeaA61F5/055