US 2205435 A
Descripción (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)
l. H. RABER 2,295,435
BROILER Filed Oct. 23; 1936 4 Sheets-Sheet 3' /a z e n@ 5a /20 /6 na n 6 INVENT OR.
BY @a ATTORNEY June 25, l "1+ `l. H. RABER BROILER Filed Oct. 23. 1936 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INV EN TOR y ATTORNEY r. 1| mmv n I w H @A I Om... n dw.. www *Q Unull "Il .I ..1 .r n j h MM lll .IU MHH IIHIIIIIH/ Vl \m NK HI h1. /w ma f 0 B \k \.\w 1. Wm. /w /Qm l". n hln hy/f Am. d. Y w1 Wk N\\ a .Il Y w w. U1 e@ U.. .om l 1, QN.
Patented June 25, 1940 UNITED STATES BROILER,
Irvin II. Raber, Los Angeles, Calif., assigner, by mesne assignments, to Irwin Corporation, Los
Application October 23, 1936, Serial No. 107,141
As the title indicates, the device of thisl invention relates .to broilers, particular reference being had to the type of ,broiler used in hotels -and restaurants, for the purpose of brqilinlg 5 meats, etc. However, in addition to serving as broiler for meats, etc., it includes features that, insofar as I am aware, have never been used heretofore, i. e., the device serves also as a hotplate for the purpose of preparing the so-calledV l short-order, also for the baking of pastries.
It has been a common experience heretofore, in broiling meats, that the operator of the broiler was very apt to either over d'o the meat or to broil it too'rare,` either condition being unsatisi factory to the epicure of well prepared foods.
It is therefore a prime object of the present invention to provide a broiler wherein the subject l matter may be brought within variable degrees of heat, to the end that the heat of the 20 broiler may be more eiilciently applied than heretofore.
A further object provide a broiler that is simple in design, does not require expert attendance, and which pro- 25 duces superior results. l
A further object of the invention consists in the novel anduseful provision, formation, construction, association, and relative arrangement of parts, member and features, all as shown in certain embodiments in the accompanying drawings, generally described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims. i
In the drawings of which there are four sheets:
Figure 1 is a front elevation of the device of this invention.
Figure 2I is a plan view of the same.
Figure 3 is a side `elevation showing operating mechanism of the broiler. f
Figure 4 is a side elevation taken on line 4 4, Fig. 1.
Figure 5 is a sectional elevation taken on line 5 5, Figure 6.
Figure 6 is a front elevation, partially in secof the present inventioni is to.l
ing a at top surface I2, and sides I4 and I6, .the Whole of which may rest upon legs or feet I8, or it may rest upon a suitable frame (not shown) without being provided with the legs I3.
The interior of the broiler III is provided with a suitable leverage, whereby a grill plate 20 upon which meat, etc., to be broiled, may beadjustably positioned with respect to'a series of burners 22.
The plate 20 may also be withdrawn from the body of the broiler, for the purpose of placement or removal of meats, etc., and as'shown in Figure 1 a drop-plate 24 to which the'grill plate 20 is secured, provides not only an exterior finish to complete the frontal appearance of the device when in normal closed position, butI it also provides a means to with-draw the whole of the grill plate and the plates entrained supporting mechanism, and at the same time affords means tov manually vary the elevational position of the grill plate 2U, all of which will be hereinafter more distinctly pointed out.
A scoring or pattern device 26 is adjustably positioned with respect to the grill plate 20, and is operable through a leverage system which is formed as follows.
'I'he scoring device 26. comprises a frame having longitudinal and transversely extending members 29 and ,10 which form a pattern, and are integrally joined to the frame 30. The frame is pro,- vided with lugs 32, which extend through arcuately formed slots 3| in the side walls I4 and I6, when the scoring frame is in operative position. The lugs 32 are pivotally supported upon a rockarm 34, which is oscillatable upon a boss 35 pro- `iecting from the sides I4 and I6. The rock-army 34 is provided with an. arcuately shapeddependent linger 36, the end of which is bifurcated for a purpose to be hereinafter set forth.
A link 31 connects the rock-arm 34 with a lever 38 which is substantially L shaped and which is secured upon a longitudinally extending square shaft 4Il,`suitably journalled in the sidewalls I4 and I6. The opposite end of the shaft 40 is fitted with a second lever 38a, The leg 38' of lever 3B is pivotally connected to a manually operated lever 42 having a handle 43, and which is provided with serrations or teeth 44 adapted to engage and interlock upon the lower lip of a slot 45 formed in the marginal front plate 46.
Springs 38h, have one end attached to the rockarm 34, while the opposite ends thereof are attached to levers 33 38a, are adapted to counter-balance the dead-weight of the scoring frame 26'. y
o? purpose aforestated.
The finger 36 which is formed. as a part of rock-arm 34, is adapted to support a counterbalance and to forcibly lift the same. The balance 46 is pivoted upon a boss 4l and is provided with a weight 48, which is of slightly less weight than a swingable window 50 which is secured to the balance arm 46 by any suitable securing means 52. The balance arm 46 is provided with a bend 53, so that the arm, which is pivoted upon the exterior of the walls |4 and I6, may extend through an arcuate slot 54, and bc attached to the window 50 at a point interior of the body loa.
A manifold 55, shaped as an inverted "U, is adapted to supply fuel to each of a series oi burners 22. Valves 56 are adapted to regulate the fuel supply. Superposed upon and resting as a hood over the burners 22, I provide refrac tory blocks 51, for the well known purpose of improving combustion of the fuel, as well as tending to regulate and make the dissipation of heat more even. As a further means of heat regulation to avoid spot temperatures in the grill plate I2, I place a sheet top surfaces of the refractory blocks 51.
The manifold 55 is provided with fuel from a A chamber 60 which is built in the frame of the boiler, and it is upon the top surface of the longitudinally extending chamber 60, that I mount a pair of bearings 6| and 6|a, while upon a second frame member 62, I place a second pair of corresponding bearings 63 and 63a. These bearings are adapted to receive xed rods 64 for the purpose of slidably supporting mechanism 66 which in turn supports the grill plate 20 in adjustable relation to the burners 22 and which -alsopermits the grill plate to be moved to a point exterior of the broiler. The bearings Gla and 63a are formed with an open side, as shown in Figures 6 and 7 to permit lateral expansion due to heat.
As shown in Figures 5, 6 and 7, the mechanism 66 comprises a pair of sleeves 68. which are integral, and are made rigid by means of a web 69, while rearwardlyof the sleeves, I form vertically extending brackets 10, having bearings 1| to journal pintals 12, upon which is pivotally supported a frame 14, having arms 16.
The free ends of the arms 16 are pivotally secured to the rigid legs 18, which in turn arc secured to the grill plate 20 by means of screws 80.
Counter-balances 10a are adapted to offset the weight of the assembled mechanism 66, and is formed of a tubular member 10b which is fitted over pintal 12 and rests between brackets 10. The member '10b is provided with rearwardly extending `tongues 1lb upon whichV weights 1|c are slidably mounted to effect graduated and accurate balance, while a dc` pendent member |Id. formed integrally with the member 1lb, is.adapted to bear against the frame 14 to lift upwardly thereagainst for the- A brace 82 is pivotaily secured t`o the lower end of the legs 18 and to the brackets 10 by means of pivots 84, and acts as an equalizer to keep the grill plate 20 in relatively level posi-A tion when the plate isdrawn forwardly as shown in Figure 5, however during the. broiling period the grill plate 20 is tipped rearwardly so that grease and fat may drain by gravity therefrom. This tilting motion is obtained by reason of the fact that the spaces between pintal l2 and pivot 56 of noncombustible material, such as asbestos` over the 84, and between pivots 18a and 18bare of different magnitude, thereby causing leg 16 to be swung forwardly when the grill plate 20 is elevated to broiling position.
The legs 16 are formed with a web 86, which on its inner face is provided with a boss 68 to which a pawl is pivotally supported, the free end of the pawl being adapted to engage one of a series of teeth formed inthe web 69.
A push rod 84, adapted to be finger pressed, is journalled at its one end in handle 96, which is secured to the front drop plate 24, while the other end of the rod rests in an aperture 08- formed in web 86, and is adapted to press against the pawl 30 to lift it from engagement with the teeth 92, when it is desired to raise or lower the mechanism 66, as shown in Figures 5, 7, and 8. The pawl functions to support the plate 20 in any one of' various elevated positions, and in so doing carries all of the unbalanced weight of the plate 20 and its associated train.
In order to heat the grill plate 20. for any purpose, burners |00, which are movable with the plate 20, are mounted upon bosses |02 formed as a part of the plate, and are sup,
plied with fuel from a manifold |04, `which is connected by means of a pipe |06 and flexible tube |08, with a valve I|0 in connection with the chamber 60.
In order to bring the scoring device 26 into effective operation it is necessary that the device i 26, conform with the position of the grill 20 regardless of whether it is tilted or in horizontal position, and to enable the device to be tilted, the levers 38 and 36a are provided with a slot 38 which is adapted to receive a pin 31' secured to the lower end of the links 31, thus permitting the frame and the link to assume any tilted position within reasonable limits, so that the framemay rest flat upon meats being broiled upon the grill 20.
To place the device of this invention in operation, it is only necessary to open valves 56 and to light the burners 22. After the broiler has come up to a sufficient heat, the grill plate 2,0 is manually pulledoutwardiy by means of handle 86 on drop plate 24. The articles to be broiled are then placed upon the plate 20, which is the forced inwardly by sliding the Whole of the leverage mechanism 66 inwardly over rods 64.
The intensity of the heat applied to the article broiling may be varied, not only by means of the amount of fuel applied. but also by proximity of the article to the heat of the burners. And this is accomplished by lifting up upon the handle 96 and simultaneously pressing upon the finger rest ||2 on push rod 94, to cause pawl 90 to be disengaged from teeth 92, and then lowering the whole of the adjustable mechanism 66, if the heat is too intense. If it is desired to more quickly broil the meat, it is only necessary to lift upwardly upon the handle 36 thereby causing the pawl A90 to follow and to move outwardly to la new position, which is then fixed by reason of the engagement of the pawl 90 with anew one of the teeth 62.
For the purpose of effect or appearance, it may be desirable to mark the steak being broiled. and to eifect such searing marks, it is only necessary to lift handle 43 and to pull it outwardly. thereby lowering the scoring or marking device or frame 26. until it rests upon the steak, upon which the pattern of the frame is then seared.
The handle 43 and its associated parts should be operated for the purpose of' lifting the swing- 7 able window and the scoring device 2B prior to removal of any object being broiled. During the broiling operation the condition of the subject matter may be observed through the windows H6 which are preferably made of Pyrex glass or its equivalent.
In order to combine more general utility in the device of this invention, as previously mentioned, I have provided a grill plate I2 upon which the so-called short-order may be prepared.
The plate l2 is hinged at |2a to the body |00. of the broiler, to provide ready access to the interior thereof for the purpose of inspection, cleaning or repair.
A groove H8 is adapted'to catch. grease, which drains through stub drain pipe H8a from which it enters detachable drain pipe |20. The pipe |20 being detachable for the purpose of removing hardened grease or fat derived from cooking operations upon the grill I2.
It is obvious that various changes and modifications and variations may be made in practicing the invention in departure from the particular showing of the drawings and description as given without, however, departing from the true spirit of the inventionfasdeiined by the scope of the appended claims.
I claim: 1. In a broiler having a movable grill plate, means to apply heat in the area adjacent said plate and means to adjustabiy vary the position of said plate, said means comprising a pair of shafts, sleeves slidably mounted on said shafts. brackets on said sleeves, dependent legs on said grillv plate, arms joining saidflegs and said brackets, a pawl pivoted to-,a web joining said legs and capable of being adjustably positioned in teeth formed in fixed relation to said brackets.'
and finger pressed means to disengage said pawl from said teeth, whereby said grill plate and its associated train may be moved in vertical directions and locked in selected position. l
2. In a` broiler having a movable grill plate, means to apply heat'in the areas adjacent the upper and under surfaces of said plate, said means comprising a plural number of burners,
means to adjustably vary the position of said plate, said means comprising a pair of fixed shafts, sleeves slidably mounted on said shafts,
brackets on said sleeves, dependent legs on said grill plate, arms joining said legs and said brackets, a pawl pivoted in structure integral with said legs and capable of being adjustably positioned in teeth formed in fixed relation to said sleeves, linger pressed means to disengage said pawlfrom said teeth, whereby said grill plate and its associated train may be movedin. vertical directions and be locked 'in selected position, certain of said burners being in fixed position and certain others of said burners being movable in conformitywith movement of said grill plate.
3. In a broiler having an ,oven portion, in combination, a movable grill plate normally positioned within said oven, a fixed burner positioned over said grill plate when in said oven, a second v burner, said second burner being permanently positioned adjacent the lower surface of said grill plate and being movable therewith, va base formed of rods, a slidable grill 'plate support on said base whereby said grill plate and said second mentioned burner are movable inwardly and outwardly with respect to said oven, and means to vary the inclination of said grill plate from zero inclination when in lowermost position to a maximum inclination when raised to uppermost position,` said means comprising substantially parallel arms of unequal length which are interposed between said base and said grill plate.
4. In a broiler having an oven portion, a movable grill plate normally positioned within said oven, a fixed burner positioned over .said grill plate when in said oven, a second burner, said second burner being permanently lpositioned adjacent the lower surface of said grill plate and movable therewith, means whereby said grill and sa id second mentioned burner may be moved inwardly and outwardly with respect'to said oven, said means comprising rods positioned in said oven. sleeves slidably positioned upon said rods,
and arms interposed between saidsleeves an said grill plate.
5. In a broiler having' an oven portion, in combindt-ion, a movable grill plate adapted to be heated with burners adjacent the upper and lower` surfaces thereof, one of said burners being stationary. the other of said burners being dependent upon and movable with said grill plate, a base, meanswhereby said grill plate andasseciated burner may be slidably moved upon said base in and Vout of said oven, arms, said arms being hingedly secured upon said base and connected to said grill plate whereby the same may be raised and lowered, a pawl to support said grill plate in a given position of elevation, finger pressed means to force'disengagement of saidpawl to lower said grill plate, said arms being of unequal length when in raised position to variinclination when raised to uppermost position.
6. In a broiler provided with an oven, an adjustably positionable grill plate, heating elements, one of said heating elements being adja` cent the upper surface of said vgrill plate and in fixed position, the other of said heating elements being carried by said grill plate and in spaced relation to the underside thereof, a trackway Ato support said grill plate f or horizontal movement in and out of said oven, linksin substantially parallel relation and interposed between said trackway and said grill plate whereby said grill plate may be moved vertically with respect to said fixed heating element, al pawl gravitationally actuated to hold said-grill plate in a given position of elevation, and -iinger pressed mechanically operated means to release said pawl to lower said grill plate with respect to said fixed heating element.
7. In a broiler having an oven provided with heating elements, a grill plate adjustably positionable within said oven, one of said heating sively inclined from zero Inclination when in lowermost position toA a maximum inclination when in uppermost position whereby hot fats maybe gravitationally drained therefrom, a pawl to support said grill plate in a given position of elevation, and finger pressed mechanical means to release said pawl to lower said Agrill plate.
8. In a broiler provided with an oven portion vand having a grill plate adapted to be moved horizontally in and out of said oven, the combination of means to apply heat to said grill plate irrespective of its position relative to said o ven, said means comprising a heating element mounted upon the under-side thereof and being movable therewith and having a source of energy connected with said heating element, said grill plate being provided with mechanical means to lift the same from a minimum to a maximum elevation, said lifting means being concurrently operable to progressively tilt said grill plate from zero inclination when in lowermost positionto a maximum inclination when in uppermost position.
9. In a broiler provided with an oven portion and having a grill plate adapted to be slidably moved horizontally in and out of said oven, burners, one of said burners being fixedly positioned in said oven, the other of said burners being movable with said grill plate to apply heat thereto irrespective of the functional position of said grill plate, a base, linkage mounted upon said base and operatively connected with said grill plate to permit selective variation of elevation thereof with respect to said fixed burner,
said linkage being formed with member parts of unequal length when in lifted position whereby said grill plate will move from zero inclination when in lowermost position to a maximum inclination when 'inuppermost position.
10. In a broiler provided with an oven portion, rods secured in said oven, sleeves slidably positioned upon said rods, a grill plate, links interposed between said sleeves and said grill plate to support the same in variable positions of elevation, burners, one of said burners being in constant position, the other of said burners being movable with said grill plate to apply heat thereto irrespective of the functional position of said grill plate, manually operated means to vary the elevation of said grill plate, said links being of unequal length whereby 'said grill plate will move from zero inclination when in lowermost position to a maximum inclination when swung to uppermost position.
IRVIN H. RABER.