|Número de publicación||US2522444 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||12 Sep 1950|
|Fecha de presentación||20 Jul 1946|
|Fecha de prioridad||20 Jul 1946|
|Número de publicación||US 2522444 A, US 2522444A, US-A-2522444, US2522444 A, US2522444A|
|Inventores||Grable Donovan B|
|Cesionario original||Grable Donovan B|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (10), Citada por (144), Clasificaciones (7)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
5 Sheets-Sheet 1 D. B. GRABLE WELL FLUID CONTROL kllfllilllll INVENTOR. flalvornlzfifnemr flrrozP/vzr Sept. 12, 1950 Filed July 20, 19 46 Sept. 12, 1950 D. B. GRABLE WELL FLUID CONTROL 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed July 20, 1946 I NVEN TOR.
Sept. 12, 1950 D. B. GRABLE WELL FLUID CONTROL 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed July 20, 1946 INVENTOR.
H w H Sept. 12, 1950 D. B. GRABLE WELL FLUID CONTROL Filed July 20, 1946 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR.
.Dwonauflfikazut Patented Sept. 12, 1950 WELL FLUID oon'rnoi.
Donovan B. 'Grable, Long Beach, Calif.
Application July 20, 1946, SerialNo.: 685,236 7 Claims. (01. ice-1c} This invention has to do generally with the control at the ground surface of fluid contained in oil well pipe strings, during the operation or" pulling the pipe string from the well, and also, if the occasion arises, in the course of running a pipe string into the well. I
To briefly relate the customary procedure, in pulling pipe from the well, the pipe string is raised successive intervals corresponding to the length of the successive sectionsor stands making up= the string, and the stands are progressively disconnected and stacked to one. side in the derrick. Some or all of the sections being disconnected may contain well. fluid, e. g. circulating mud, for any of various reasons, including the existance of suflicient well pressure to force the fluid up into the top sections of. the
pipe string. Accordingly, when the top stand is disconnected, fluid is dumped from the pipe, either openly into the derrick floor and into the cellar below or within one of the kinds of im-' provised guards that have been used to baffle the fluid against open spraying and otherwise uncontrolled flow.
In running pipe into the well successive stands are added between corresponding lowerings of the pipe string. Under certain circumstances, as when the pipe is being. run in against pressure tending to create flow through the string, it may be desirableto maintain the latter closed against fluid escape.
One object of the invention is to provide for the control and removal to a remote location, of well fluid discharging from the stands being disconnected, and in so doing-to obviate the various apparent objectionsto dumping the fluid openly-onto the derrick floor and in the direct working area.
Briefly, thisobject is accomplished'by the provision of a mud receptacle applicable to the pipe string, at any joint, ina manner causing the receptacle to form a substantially fluid-tight closure about the joint sections as'they are disconnected. Particularly the invention contemplates the use of a power unit in conjunction with a sectional receptacle whereby the latter may be tightly constricted about the pipe. Fluid line connections with the receptacle permit withdrawal of well fluid to any remote location as well as the introduction of flushing or pressurizing fluid.
A further important object of the invention is the provision of means operable in conjunction with the closure or receptacle, for maintaining the pipe string in closed condition while either adding or disconnecting pipe stands. Specifically the invention contemplates sequentially closing operable from its exterior. to apply (against well fluid escape) successive pipe stands by plugsto be contained in the receptacle and the plug to orremove it from the pipe. I s
As will appear, the invention results in anovel apparatus involving the sequential use Of'QlOSl' ures or plugs to seal successive pipe. stands being run into or removed from the well, and the maintenance through the closure afforded by the mud receptacle, of acontinuously effective seal against well fluid escape from the-pipe string proper. The particular sequence of operations involved will develop as the description proceeds.
The invention further contemplates an inn: proved apparatus and type of plug for closing the upper end of a pipe stand being removed from the string, as where the plug. is inserted into the top of the string before its elevation, and then is removed from the disconnected, stand. The type and use of the plug are distinctly characterized by the capacity of the plug, after its effectivedisconnection from the top ofthepipe stand, to be dropped through the pipe for reuseat the derrick floor, thus eliminating the hai ards of otherwise handlin plugs at an elevated location from which a plug might accidentally be dropped onto workmen at the derrick floor below.
All the above stated objects of the invention,
as well as various additional features and the details of certain typical embodiments, will be understood from the following description ofthe accompanying drawings, illustrative of such embodiments, and'in which:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation illustrating one form of mud receptacle embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 is a cross-section on line 2-2 of- Fi i 1 showing the receptacle in closed condition;
Fig. 3 is a similar view showing the receptacle in open condition; v Fig. 4 is an enlarged vertical sectionalwiew taken on line i -4' ofFi'g. 1;
Fig. 5 is a vertical section taken in the plane at right angles to the view of Fig. 4 as indicated by line 5-5 of Fig. 6;
Fig. 6 is a cross-section on line 6-6 of Fig. 5'; Fig. 7 is a general view showing a suspended pipe stand for attachment to the pipe string below, and illustrative of the operation of a vari ational form of the invention; Fig. 8 is a sectional view showing a typical form of plug for use in the variational form appearinglnFiaQ;
Fig. 9 is a vertical sectional view illustrating the use of the mud receptacle in conjunction with a closure for sealing the pipe string;
Fig. 10 is a cross-section on line. iii-Ill of Fig. 9;
Fig. 11 is a fragmentary enlargement showing the plug control stem seal;
Fig. 12 is a view generally similar to Fig. 9 illustratin a further variational form of the invention;
Fig. 13 is a cross-sectional view showing the plug used in the apparatus of Fig. 12; and
Fig. 14 is a fragmentary enlargement showing the sealed connection between the plug stem and the control tube.
Referring first to Fig. 1, the mud receptacle assembly includes a tubular body, generally indicated at H) adapted to be applied about the well sure responsive seal between the pipe and the end portions of the body. Such seal may be effected by forming the rubber body material with internal annular lips 4!] which become tightly pressed by the internal body pressure against the pipe to maintain a seal preventing at least any considerable leakage of fluid from the body along the pipe. The top portion of the body has connections through check valves 4| and 42 with water and air hoses 43 and 44, and at its lower end the body connects at 45 with a discharge v hose 46 through which fluids may be discharged pipe string II at the conventionally illustrated coupling or joint l2, in a manner preventing any substantial leakage of well fluid from the pipe string with the joint in open or uncoupled condition. The receptacle body It] comprises a pair of sections I3 and I4 having a hinge connection at l5l permitting the sections to be applied to the pipe in the open condition of Fig. 3, and constricted about the pipe to the closed position of Fig. 6.
While the body Hi may be made of any suitable material, typically the sections l3 and M may be formed of rubber within the top and bottom ends of which may be embedded the semicircular metallic re-enforcing channel bars l5 and I6 interconnected by the longitudinal re-enforcing rods I! and members l8 and I9 extending longitudinally of the sections adjacent their interengageable edges, as shown in Fig. 6. Any suitable additional re-enforcement may be used to serve the purpose of force transmission to the sections at the hinge I51. As illustrative, the sections I3 and M are shown to contain, respectively above and below the longitudinal center of the receptacle, semi-circular.re-enforcements consisting of plates and 2i having interconnections 22 and attached at their edges to members l8 and I9. Plates 20 in turn are attached to the hinge sections 23. The successive hinge sections 24 and 25 are attached respectively to the re-enforcement in the sections l3 and I4, and
a pin 26 is inserted through the series of hinge sections. Thus as previously indicated, the body sections i3 and I4 are capableof swinging about the hinge pin 26 between the positions of Figs. 2 and 3.
I Swinging of the body sections [3 and I4 about the hinge pin is effected by a piston and cylinder assembly generally indicated at 27, and comprising a cylinder 28 mounted to the hinge pin by a pair of members 29 and 30 attached to the cylinder by screws 3|, the upper member 29 having a handle 32 to facilitate bodily manipulation of the apparatus. Cylinder 28 contains a piston 33, the rod 34 of which has a pivotal connection at 341 with links 35 pivotally connected at 35! with a pair of plate lugs 36 attached respectively to the re-enforcing members 20 of the respective body sections. As will be apparent, reciprocation of the piston 33 in opposite directions, expands and constricts the body sections between the positions of Figs. 2 and 3. Pressure fluid is delivered, to and discharged from the cylinder 28 through suitable connections such as the high pressure and exhaust lines 31 and 38.
With the body in constricted about the pipe I l, provision is made for maintaining a, fluid prese from the body to any location remote therefrom.
In considering the operation of the described assembly, assume that the mud receptacle is to be used during pulling of the pipe string from the well, to conduct mud or circulating fluid from successive pipe stands being disconnected, to a mud basin or other location away from the pipe and derrick floor. Suspended on a line 4'! attached to the hinge pin 26, the receptacle assembly is swung against the pipe and piston 33 actuated to close the body section about the pipe, see Fig. 6, with the joint l2 contained in the body. The upper pipe stand I la then is rotated to disconnect it from the pipe string below. Upon breaking of the joint :2, the mud column in the pipe stand i la discharges into the body l0 and is conducted away through the hose 46. Thereafter theinterior of the body may be flushed clear of residual mud by the discharge of either or both of water or air from lines 43 and 44 through the body. The latter then is opened to release the stand Ha for removal to one side in the derrick, following which the pipe string is raised a successive stand length and the described operation repeated.
Figs. '7 through 14 illustrate variational embodiments of the invention capable of use as mud receptacles generally in accordance with the described procedure, but having the additional capacity for use in conjunction with closures applied to the pipe string to maintain the latter sealed against well fluid discharge as the pipe string length is varied at the ground surface, either by the addition or disconnection of pipe stands. Referring to Fig. 7, the usual procedure in pulling the pipe string from the well is to engage the top stand Ha, with an elevator 56 and to raise the string until the stand lib below can be engaged and the well string supported by slips 5i in the rotary table 52. After rotation to disconnect the joint M2, the stand Ha is stacked to one side and the elevator lowered to engage and withdraw the stand lib below. In running pipe into the well, the stand Ha to be connected to the string supported by the table slips 5!, is lowered and rotated to make up the joint 12, and the entire string is raised to permit release of the slips and thenlowered to engage the top stand with the slips for connection of a successive stand.
Referring now to Figs. 9 and 10, the mud receptacle 53 comprises a body made in sections 54 and 55, for example of internally re-enforced rubber in the manner of the previously described receptacle ill, as will be understood without nee-- essity for illustration of the particularities of the re-enforcement. As before, sections 54 and '55 are interconnected by hinge 56 and actuated to swing apart and together about the hinge by way of the piston rod 57: and its pivoted link connections 58 with members 59 connected respectively to the body sections. The valved water and air lines 66 and Bi connected through the check valves 62 with the upper interior or thehody, and the valved discharge line 63 leads from the bottom of the body. Where the receptacle 53 is tobe used merely for confining fluid discharge from the upper stand Ila upon breaking the joint, so thatthe fluid may be conducted away through line 63, the operation of the assembly will corre spond to the previous description of Figs. 1 to 6.
The receptacles shown in Figs. 9 and 12 however are constructed to serve the further purpose of containers for closures to be applied to the pipe string for sealing off fluid dis-chargefrom the well, as and in the manner now to be described. Referring to Fig. 9, the body section is shaped to provide a cavity onset with relation to the pipe string and closed at its outside by a self-sealing door 55 hinged to the body at 66 and 'releasibly held closed by a suitable latchil'l operated by the handle 68. Cavity 64 contains a plug, generally indicated'at 89, suspended on rod "Ill extending through a universal sealed joint ii in the body. As illustrated in Fig. 11, the joint I i "may comprise a ball member 12 through which rod 19 extends within the packing rings l3,the ball being confined against spherical seats M and 1.5 on the body and retaining nut l6. Packing ring 71 prevents fluid leakage about the ball. In the broad aspects of the invention, the plug 89 may be of any suitable type capable of insertion within the lower stand N27 to maintain the well string closed against fluid escape until the stand is disconnected according to the later described procedure. Preferably, I use a type of plug which is self-sealing upon insertion into the pipe, and which later may be released, upon elevation of the stand, so that the plug may be dropped through the stand to the derrick floor for reuse.
Referring to Fig. 8, the plug 69 comprises a tubular body l8 containing a bore '19 and at its lower end a counterbore containing a check valve 8| normally seated against shoulder 82 by coil spring 83 retained by the apertured plug 84.
The valve Si is carried on the lower end of. rod 85 centered within the bore by lugs 86 and hav-' ing on its upper end a spherical knob 81 engaged by spring fingers 8% on the control stem 16. The body 18 is movable vertically relative to sleeve 89 having an upwardly tapered wedge surface 90 engaged by slips 9i so that upon upward relative movement of the wedge sleeve, the slips are thrust outwardly to gripthe pipe. Below sleeve 89 the body carries an annular packing sleeve 92 expansible by upward relative movement of the tapered body surface 93 to expand 5 a the sleeve into fluid-tight engagement within the i pipe. Above the slips, the reduced diameter portion 130. of the body carries a sleeve Sit retained by ring 95 and supporting an expansible rubber capsule 96 to which air is supplied through stem 91 containing the usual type oftire va1ve38.
within the coupling lllil so that the'slips' 9! areengageable with the coupling bore l6! and the packing ring 92 is thrust down into the pipe proper. Before insertion of the plug in the re- *lhg position.
6 ceptacle, the capeuie as will have been inflated with air introduced through the stem 91 andjthe capsule thus expanded so that when lowered into the pipe stand, as illustrated by the dotted line position of the" parts, the expanded condition of the capsule will retain the plug in proper seat- Where pressure equalization is necessary to facilitate insertion in seating of the plug, fluid may beintrcduced through lines iii! or 6| (valve 132 in the discharge line being closed) to develop whatever pressure'desired in the re c'e'ptac'le.
The plug 59 is self-'engagingand sealing under theinfluence of fluid pressure in the well pipe string, by reason of the tendencyof the pressure stem 85 in the plug contained in the top stand Ha, to open the valve 8! and admit sufficient air to assure complete dumping of fiuid from the stand. After flushing out the receptacle, the latter may be opened and removed from the pipe, to permit the disconnected stand to be placed to one side. The plug 459 in the top of the stand isretrieved for reuse by release by the derrick operator of air from the capsule 96 through the valve 98, whereupon in its deflated condition, the capsule will permit the plug to drop down through the pipe stand onto the derrick 'fioor. Anytendency for the packing sleeve 92 or slips 9! to adhere within the pipe, maybe relieved by striking or otherwise depressing rod $5 to move the body '38 down from expanding relation to the packer and slips. Fig. 7 illustrates the condition of the pipe string after removal of the mud receptacle, the lower se'ctilon llb beingclosed by plug 69a, and the upper end of stand Ila being closed by plug 692) before the latter is released to be dropped through the stand. Thereafter the elevator 53- is applied to the stand l-lb, the string raised, and the described procedure .1. repeated.
Figs. 12 to 14 illustrate a type of plug useable for maintaining the pipe stringclosed while adding pipe stands to the string in the course of its being runinto the well. This same type of plug and control may, however, also be used in the general manner of the previously described plug, for maintaining the pipe string closed while it is being pulled from the well. Here the plug I05, see Fig. 13 comprises a body [E35 carrying an inflatable rubber capsule N31 to which fluid is introduced through a tubular stern Hill by Way of passages MD and MI. Stem I08 may carry a suitable valve or cock I03 for opening or closing air communication through the stem, and pref- 'Zji erably sufiiciently small in size as to pass with the plug downthrough the pipe when the plug is released as will later appear. Stern its above. the valve has a flexible sealedconnectioh (ill. with a tubular rod Ill extending through joint H2 (corresponding to the previously described joint TI) and connecting with an air hose H3 through a T-fitting H4 which includes the air asaaaai 7 body sections I20 and I2I of the coupling, fluid leakage about the knob being prevented by seal ring I22.
Assume that it is desired to seal the well pipe string against fluid escape while running pipe into the hole, and that the top of the string to which the stand Ila is to be attached, is closed by the plug IE5. As illustrated in Fig. 12, the plug may be seated within the typical form of tool joint illustrated, by inserting the capsule IilI opposite the annular space I2 l directly beyond the end of the pipe and expanded by introduction of air through stem I68 (followed by closing of the valve I98) to tightly expand the plug in psition. Stand I Ia then is lowered to the position of Fig. 12 and the mud receptacle E25 closed about the pipe sections. Previously or thereafter, the upper end of stand Ila is closed by a plug I65 by inflation of its capsule by the operator up in the derrick. Door I26 then may be opened to permit connection of the joint IIil. Valves H5 and IE6 being closed, valve I539 may be opened to place the plug stem and tube III in communication. The door then is closed and following any required pressure equalization through introduction of fluid to the receptacle,
the release valve I I6 is opened to cause deflation of the capsule and permit removal of the plug into the offset cavity I27. The pipe joint may then be completed and the receptacle I25 removed.
Assume the top stand in the pipe string to be closed at its upper end by plug I05, and the string to be raised for disconnection of the plug-contained stand with the pipe stand next below. The receptacle I25 is closed about the joint to be disconnected, and the upper stand rotated to break the joint and permit the joint sections to assume spaced relations in Fig. 12. A deflated plug I85 previously suspended in cavity I21 on the tube III, is then lowered by manipulation of the rod into seating position within the stand IIb. During that time, valves H5 and HE will remain closed. With the plug inserted in the pipe, valve II 5 then is opened to admit air to the plug and expanded into sealing relation with the pipe. Valve I02 then may be opened to drain all fluids from the receptacle. By then opening door I26 access may be had to the parts in order that valve H38 may be closed to retain the plug in inflated condition, and the joint at II ll ldisconnected to free the tube I I I. The receptacle then is removed, following which the plug in the upper end of stand I la may be deflated by opening its air valve, and the plug dropped through the pipe. The pipe string then is raised to expose a successive joint for disconnection, and the above described procedure repeated.
If for any reason the receptacles I25 or 53 may be applied to a lower stand IIb without an upper stand Ila being received within the receptacle, and suddenly developed well pressure tends under any circumstance to discharge fiuid from the string, the receptacle may be provided with a blow-out preventer operable to close off the escape of well fluid. Such blow-out preventer may consist of a plug I28 hinged to the body at I29 in a position such that the plug may swing upwardly into and close the opening I30. Such movement of the plug may be caused by a spring I3I supported about pin I32 and bearing against the plug, as illustrated. Normally the plug will be held in open position by a screw retainer I33 which may be rotated to release the plug for closure under the influence of the spring,
8 when the occasion arises for suddenly closing the opening I30. I claim:
l. An oil well mud receptacle comprising a tubular body including a pair of sections adapted to be placed about a well pipe joint, a hinge interconnecting said sections, a cylinder connected to said body, and a piston in said cylinder and connected to said sections for tightly constricting them about the pipe.
2. An oil well mud receptacle comprising a tubular body including a pair of sections adapted to be placed about a well pipe joint, a hinge interconnecting said sections, a cylinder connected to said body at the hinge, a piston in said cylinder and connected to said sections for tightly constricting them about the pipe, and means for suspending the body and cylinder assembly.
3. An oil well mud receptacle comprising a tubular body including a pair of sections adapted to be placed about a well pipe joint, a hinge including a vertically extending pin interconnecting said sections, means for attaching said pin to a suspension line, a cylinder attached to said pin, and a piston in said cylinder and connected to said sections for tightly constricting them about the pipe.
4. A tubular mud receptacle body comprising relatively movable longitudinal sections adapted to be opened and closed about a well pipe joint connecting upper and lower pipe sections, said body containing a laterally offset chamber, a plug contained in said body initially within said offset chamber for closing application to the upper end of said lower section when the joint is broken and said lower section remains in the body, and control mechanism mounted on the exterior of said body and including means extending into the interior of the body and releasably attachable to the plug, said mechanism being operable from the outside of the body to move the plug into closing engagement with the end of the lower pipe section within the body when the pipe joint is broken.
5. The combination comprising a tubular mud receptacle body including relatively movable sections adapted to be opened and closed about a well pipe joint connecting upper and lower pipe sections, a pipe closing, plug carried by and inside said body and in offset relation to the pipe, and control mechanism mounted on the exterior of said body and including means extending into the interior of the body and releasably attachable to the plug, said mechanism being operable from the outside of the body to move the plug into closing engagement with the end of the lower pipe section within the body when the pipe joint is broken.
6. A tubular mud receptacle body comprising relativel movable longitudinal sections adapted to be opened and closed about a Well pipe joint connecting upper and lower pipe sections, a plug contained in said body for closing application to the upper end of said lower section when the joint is broken and said lower section remains in the body, a mechanism carried by said body on and operable from the exterior thereof extending into the interior of the body and detachably engaged with said plug to manipulate and apply the plug inside the body to said lower pipe section when the body is closed about the pipe, and means connected to said body for communicating pressure fluid to the inside of the closed body.
7. A tubular mud receptacle body comprising relatively movable longitudinal sections adapted to be opened and closed about a well pipe Joint connecting upper and lower pipe sections, a plug contained in said body for closing application to the upper end of said lower section when the joint is broken and said lower section remains in the body, a mechanism carried by said body on and operable from the exterior thereof extending into the interior of said body detachably engaged with said plug to manipulate the plug inside the body to said lower pipe section when the body is closed about the pipe, and a blow out preventer on said body for closing the opening in the body through which said upper section extends.
DONOVAN B. GRABLE.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,427,811 Heeter Sept. 5, 1922 1,521,390 Reynolds Dec. 30, 1924 1,852,512 Forney et al. Apr. 5, 1932 1,854,058 Otis Apr. 12, 1932 1,910,634 Pearce May 23, 1933 1,910,762 Grinnell et al May 23, 1933 2,027,734 Johnson Jan.'14, 1936 2,054,337 Penick et al. Sept. 15, 1936 2,162,179 Mueller June 13, 1939 Miller July 11, 1944
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US1427811 *||26 Sep 1918||5 Sep 1922||Heeter Charles M||Oil saver|
|US1521390 *||7 Abr 1922||30 Dic 1924||Reynolds Charles B||Mud and oil stripper|
|US1852512 *||25 Oct 1929||5 Abr 1932||Gulf Production Company||Well tubing plug|
|US1854058 *||12 Ago 1930||12 Abr 1932||Otis Herbert C||Control head|
|US1910634 *||15 Sep 1930||23 May 1933||William L Pearce||Blow-out preventer|
|US1910762 *||8 Mar 1932||23 May 1933||Union Oil Co||Gas lift apparatus|
|US2027734 *||28 Abr 1932||14 Ene 1936||Hazard & Miller||Rotary well drilling apparatus|
|US2054337 *||25 Feb 1935||15 Sep 1936||Penick Arthur J||Blow-out preventer|
|US2162179 *||29 Sep 1937||13 Jun 1939||Gray Tool Co||Oil well completion equipment|
|US2352412 *||28 Ago 1939||27 Jun 1944||David Sandstone Harvey||Casing protector and booster|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US3052301 *||15 May 1957||4 Sep 1962||Gray Tool Co||Multiple tubing string well completion equipment|
|US3075589 *||18 Ago 1958||29 Ene 1963||Gas Drilling Services Co||Dual passage drilling stem having selfcontained valve means|
|US3092192 *||14 Dic 1959||4 Jun 1963||Deely Carroll L||Method of and apparatus for cutting, encasing and retrieving a core of earth formation from a well|
|US4955436 *||18 Dic 1989||11 Sep 1990||Johnston Vaughn R||Seal apparatus|
|US5048603 *||29 May 1990||17 Sep 1991||Bell Larry M||Lubricator corrosion inhibitor treatment|
|US5184608 *||27 Mar 1991||9 Feb 1993||Hale Iii Ernest E||Well pipe top cap|
|US5295536 *||23 Nov 1992||22 Mar 1994||Bode Robert E||Drilling mud container apparatus|
|US5377748 *||23 Sep 1993||3 Ene 1995||Pool Company||Spill container for wells with improved mounting|
|US5526877 *||5 Ene 1995||18 Jun 1996||Winz; Frank S.||Oil well head cleaning system|
|US5551511 *||18 Ene 1995||3 Sep 1996||Holtby; Quinn A. J.||Drilling fluid containment apparatus for use in disconnecting a kelly from a drill string|
|US6119772 *||16 Ene 1998||19 Sep 2000||Pruet; Glen||Continuous flow cylinder for maintaining drilling fluid circulation while connecting drill string joints|
|US6286593||14 Abr 1999||11 Sep 2001||Quinn Holtby||Oilwell leak containment apparatus for a completed oilwell|
|US6412554 *||14 Mar 2000||2 Jul 2002||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Wellbore circulation system|
|US6474418 *||7 Dic 2000||5 Nov 2002||Frank's International, Inc.||Wellbore fluid recovery system and method|
|US6598501||23 Dic 1999||29 Jul 2003||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and a method for facilitating the connection of pipes|
|US6668684||7 Dic 2001||30 Dic 2003||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Tong for wellbore operations|
|US6684737||24 Dic 1999||3 Feb 2004||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Power tong|
|US6745646||14 Jul 2000||8 Jun 2004||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and method for facilitating the connection of pipes|
|US6814149||15 May 2002||9 Nov 2004||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and method for positioning a tubular relative to a tong|
|US6854533||20 Dic 2002||15 Feb 2005||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and method for drilling with casing|
|US6857487||30 Dic 2002||22 Feb 2005||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Drilling with concentric strings of casing|
|US6868906||4 Jun 2002||22 Mar 2005||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Closed-loop conveyance systems for well servicing|
|US6896075||11 Oct 2002||24 May 2005||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for drilling with casing|
|US6899186||13 Dic 2002||31 May 2005||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and method of drilling with casing|
|US6953096||31 Dic 2002||11 Oct 2005||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Expandable bit with secondary release device|
|US6994176||5 Mar 2004||7 Feb 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Adjustable rotating guides for spider or elevator|
|US7004264||14 Mar 2003||28 Feb 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Bore lining and drilling|
|US7013997||15 Dic 2003||21 Mar 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for cementing drill strings in place for one pass drilling and completion of oil and gas wells|
|US7028585||12 Feb 2002||18 Abr 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Wrenching tong|
|US7028586||26 Feb 2001||18 Abr 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and method relating to tongs, continous circulation and to safety slips|
|US7028787||30 Dic 2003||18 Abr 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Tong for wellbore operations|
|US7036610||6 Jul 2002||2 May 2006||Weatherford / Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and method for completing oil and gas wells|
|US7040420||19 Nov 2003||9 May 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for cementing drill strings in place for one pass drilling and completion of oil and gas wells|
|US7048050||2 Oct 2003||23 May 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for cementing drill strings in place for one pass drilling and completion of oil and gas wells|
|US7073598||23 Jul 2003||11 Jul 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for tubular makeup interlock|
|US7083005||31 May 2005||1 Ago 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and method of drilling with casing|
|US7090021||16 Mar 2004||15 Ago 2006||Bernd-Georg Pietras||Apparatus for connecting tublars using a top drive|
|US7090023||9 May 2005||15 Ago 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for drilling with casing|
|US7090254||31 Mar 2000||15 Ago 2006||Bernd-Georg Pietras||Apparatus and method aligning tubulars|
|US7093675||1 Ago 2001||22 Ago 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Drilling method|
|US7096982||27 Feb 2004||29 Ago 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Drill shoe|
|US7100697||5 Sep 2002||5 Sep 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for reforming tubular connections|
|US7100710||18 Dic 2003||5 Sep 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for cementing drill strings in place for one pass drilling and completion of oil and gas wells|
|US7100713||2 Abr 2001||5 Sep 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Expandable apparatus for drift and reaming borehole|
|US7107875||5 Mar 2003||19 Sep 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for connecting tubulars while drilling|
|US7108084||24 Dic 2003||19 Sep 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.|
|US7117957||25 May 2004||10 Oct 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods for drilling and lining a wellbore|
|US7128154||29 Ene 2004||31 Oct 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Single-direction cementing plug|
|US7128161||20 Sep 2005||31 Oct 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for facilitating the connection of tubulars using a top drive|
|US7131505||22 Feb 2005||7 Nov 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Drilling with concentric strings of casing|
|US7134502||25 Ago 2004||14 Nov 2006||Hudson Services, Inc.||Method and apparatus for preventing spillage or loss of drill fluids|
|US7137454||13 May 2005||21 Nov 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus for facilitating the connection of tubulars using a top drive|
|US7140445||5 Mar 2004||28 Nov 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for drilling with casing|
|US7147068||5 Dic 2003||12 Dic 2006||Weatherford / Lamb, Inc.|
|US7165634||2 Oct 2003||23 Ene 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for cementing drill strings in place for one pass drilling and completion of oil and gas wells|
|US7188548||20 Sep 2004||13 Mar 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Adapter frame for a power frame|
|US7188687||27 Jul 2004||13 Mar 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Downhole filter|
|US7191840||5 Mar 2004||20 Mar 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Casing running and drilling system|
|US7204304 *||25 Feb 2004||17 Abr 2007||Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.||Removable surface pack-off device for reverse cementing applications|
|US7213656||26 Abr 2004||8 May 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and method for facilitating the connection of tubulars using a top drive|
|US7216727||21 Dic 2000||15 May 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Drilling bit for drilling while running casing|
|US7219744||29 Nov 2005||22 May 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for connecting tubulars using a top drive|
|US7228901||1 Dic 2005||12 Jun 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for cementing drill strings in place for one pass drilling and completion of oil and gas wells|
|US7264067||1 Oct 2004||4 Sep 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method of drilling and completing multiple wellbores inside a single caisson|
|US7281451||5 Mar 2004||16 Oct 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Tong|
|US7281587||30 Mar 2006||16 Oct 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for tubular makeup interlock|
|US7284617||20 May 2004||23 Oct 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Casing running head|
|US7303022||27 Abr 2004||4 Dic 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Wired casing|
|US7306032||20 Nov 2003||11 Dic 2007||Sub-Drill Supply, Limited||Fluid collecting device|
|US7311148||9 Feb 2004||25 Dic 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for wellbore construction and completion|
|US7325610||5 Mar 2004||5 Feb 2008||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for handling and drilling with tubulars or casing|
|US7334650||2 Feb 2004||26 Feb 2008||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for drilling a wellbore using casing|
|US7353880||15 Nov 2006||8 Abr 2008||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for connecting tubulars using a top drive|
|US7360594||5 Mar 2004||22 Abr 2008||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Drilling with casing latch|
|US7370707||5 Abr 2004||13 May 2008||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for handling wellbore tubulars|
|US7373987||14 Nov 2006||20 May 2008||Hudson Services, Inc.||Method and apparatus for preventing spillage or loss of drill fluids|
|US7413020||5 Mar 2004||19 Ago 2008||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Full bore lined wellbores|
|US7448456||1 Feb 2006||11 Nov 2008||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Adjustable rotating guides for spider or elevator|
|US7451826||15 Ago 2006||18 Nov 2008||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus for connecting tubulars using a top drive|
|US7469747||20 May 2008||30 Dic 2008||Hudson Services, Inc.||Method and apparatus for preventing spillage or loss of drill fluids|
|US7503397||29 Jul 2005||17 Mar 2009||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods of setting and retrieving casing with drilling latch and bottom hole assembly|
|US7506564||15 Mar 2005||24 Mar 2009||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Gripping system for a tong|
|US7509722||5 Mar 2003||31 Mar 2009||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Positioning and spinning device|
|US7513300||20 Mar 2007||7 Abr 2009||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Casing running and drilling system|
|US7617866||8 Sep 2005||17 Nov 2009||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for connecting tubulars using a top drive|
|US7650944||11 Jul 2003||26 Ene 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Vessel for well intervention|
|US7654325||31 Oct 2007||2 Feb 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for handling and drilling with tubulars or casing|
|US7665531||15 Nov 2006||23 Feb 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus for facilitating the connection of tubulars using a top drive|
|US7669662||20 Jul 2005||2 Mar 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Casing feeder|
|US7681633||30 Dic 2008||23 Mar 2010||Hudson Services, Inc.||Method and apparatus for preventing spillage or loss of drill fluids|
|US7694744||12 Ene 2006||13 Abr 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||One-position fill-up and circulating tool and method|
|US7707914||20 May 2004||4 May 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for connecting tubulars|
|US7712523||14 Mar 2003||11 May 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Top drive casing system|
|US7757759||27 Abr 2007||20 Jul 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Torque sub for use with top drive|
|US7793719||31 Oct 2007||14 Sep 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Top drive casing system|
|US7845418||18 Ene 2006||7 Dic 2010||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Top drive torque booster|
|US7861618||11 Abr 2006||4 Ene 2011||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Wrenching tong|
|US7874352||12 Dic 2006||25 Ene 2011||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus for gripping a tubular on a drilling rig|
|US7882902||15 Nov 2007||8 Feb 2011||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Top drive interlock|
|US7896084||15 Oct 2007||1 Mar 2011||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for tubular makeup interlock|
|US7918273||23 Ene 2003||5 Abr 2011||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Top drive casing system|
|US7926570||18 Mar 2010||19 Abr 2011||Hudson Services, Inc.||Method and apparatus for preventing spillage or loss of drill fluids|
|US8033338||8 Ene 2009||11 Oct 2011||National Oilwell Varco, L.P.||Wellbore continuous circulation systems and method|
|US8360156||19 Abr 2011||29 Ene 2013||Hudson Services, Inc.||Method and apparatus for preventing spillage or loss of drill fluids|
|US8517090||1 Ago 2012||27 Ago 2013||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for tubular makeup interlock|
|US8567512||19 Ene 2011||29 Oct 2013||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Apparatus for gripping a tubular on a drilling rig|
|US8733435 *||11 Jun 2008||27 May 2014||National Oilwell Norway As||Collector device for drilling fluid|
|US8763684 *||29 Abr 2011||1 Jul 2014||R & D, L.L.C.||Mechanical mud bucket and method|
|US8833393 *||2 Sep 2011||16 Sep 2014||Charles J. Adams||Cap valve|
|US8839853||22 Oct 2010||23 Sep 2014||John W Angers, Jr.||Mud bucket system|
|US8960310 *||14 Jun 2011||24 Feb 2015||Cameron International Corporation||Apparatus and method for connecting fluid lines|
|US9249648||6 Feb 2013||2 Feb 2016||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Continuous circulation and communication drilling system|
|US9284809 *||9 Ene 2015||15 Mar 2016||Cameron International Corporation||Apparatus and method for connecting fluid lines|
|US9689217||20 Ago 2010||27 Jun 2017||Katch Kan Holdings Ltd.||Apparatus and method for containing fluid or gas released from a pipe|
|US20030146219 *||10 May 2001||7 Ago 2003||Ross Austen Watson||Apparatus|
|US20030164276 *||23 Ene 2003||4 Sep 2003||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Top drive casing system|
|US20030221519 *||5 Mar 2003||4 Dic 2003||Haugen David M.||Methods and apparatus for connecting tubulars while drilling|
|US20040045717 *||5 Sep 2002||11 Mar 2004||Haugen David M.||Method and apparatus for reforming tubular connections|
|US20040154835 *||30 Dic 2003||12 Ago 2004||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Tong for wellbore operations|
|US20040227347 *||12 May 2003||18 Nov 2004||Fundin Robert Lyle||Adaptable water diverting fixture|
|US20040237726 *||5 Mar 2004||2 Dic 2004||Schulze Beckinghausen Joerg E.||Tong|
|US20050061112 *||20 Sep 2004||24 Mar 2005||Weatherford Lamb, Inc.||Adapter frame for a power frame|
|US20050077743 *||8 Oct 2003||14 Abr 2005||Bernd-Georg Pietras||Tong assembly|
|US20050155757 *||20 Nov 2003||21 Jul 2005||Paton Alan S.||Fluid collecting device|
|US20050183857 *||25 Feb 2004||25 Ago 2005||Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.||Removable surface pack-off device for reverse cementing applications|
|US20050205303 *||18 Mar 2004||22 Sep 2005||Pearson Phillip H||Drilling fluid bucket and method|
|US20060179980 *||11 Abr 2006||17 Ago 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Wrenching tong|
|US20070156126 *||29 Dic 2005||5 Jul 2007||Flaherty J C||Medical device insertion system and related methods|
|US20080135228 *||3 Nov 2007||12 Jun 2008||Wells Lawrence E||Tubular grippers and top drive systems|
|US20090205838 *||8 Ene 2009||20 Ago 2009||Frank Benjamin Springett||Wellbore continuous circulation systems|
|US20090211404 *||25 Feb 2008||27 Ago 2009||Jan Erik Pedersen||Spinning wrench systems|
|US20100200216 *||11 Jun 2008||12 Ago 2010||National Oilwell Norway As||Collector Device for Drilling Fluid|
|US20110174483 *||19 Ene 2011||21 Jul 2011||Odell Ii Albert C||Apparatus for gripping a tubular on a drilling rig|
|US20110265992 *||29 Abr 2011||3 Nov 2011||R & D, Llc||Mechanical Mud Bucket and Method|
|US20120055573 *||2 Sep 2011||8 Mar 2012||Charles J. Adams||Cap Valve|
|US20120318519 *||14 Jun 2011||20 Dic 2012||Cameron International Corporation||Apparatus and method for connecting fluid lines|
|US20150129235 *||9 Ene 2015||14 May 2015||Cameron International Corporation||Apparatus and Method for Connecting Fluid Lines|
|USD744063||11 Dic 2013||24 Nov 2015||Katch Kan Holdings Ltd.||Well containment device|
|USRE42877||9 Jul 2010||1 Nov 2011||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for wellbore construction and completion|
|CN102046914B||21 Ene 2009||21 Ago 2013||国民油井华高有限合伙公司||Method and apparatus for facilitating continuous circulation of drilling mud during construction and maintenance of a well|
|WO2004048746A1 *||20 Nov 2003||10 Jun 2004||Sub-Drill Supply, Limited||Fluid collecting device|
|WO2009093069A2 *||21 Ene 2009||30 Jul 2009||National Oilwell Varco, L.P.||Method and apparatus for facilitating continuous circulation of drilling mud during construction and maintenance of a well|
|WO2009093069A3 *||21 Ene 2009||20 Ene 2011||National Oilwell Varco, L.P.||Method and apparatus for facilitating continuous circulation of drilling mud during construction and maintenance of a well|
|WO2011020196A1 *||20 Ago 2010||24 Feb 2011||Holtby Quinn A J||An apparatus and method for containing fluid or gas released from a pipe|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||166/81.1, 166/93.1, 166/95.1|
|Clasificación internacional||E21B33/08, E21B33/02|