|Número de publicación||US2578505 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||11 Dic 1951|
|Fecha de presentación||2 Mar 1948|
|Fecha de prioridad||2 Mar 1948|
|Número de publicación||US 2578505 A, US 2578505A, US-A-2578505, US2578505 A, US2578505A|
|Cesionario original||Sperry Prod Inc|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (7), Citada por (87), Clasificaciones (16)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
m 2,578,505 9 SEARCH ROOM SUBSTITUTE FOR mssmc; XR
Dec. 11, 1951 a CARUN 2,578,505
SUPERSONIC AGITATION Filed March 2, 1948 OSC/LLATOR L J uin 11 INVENTOR.
By BENSON CARLIN aw -k ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 11, 1 951 SUPERSONIC AGITATION Benson Carlin, New York, N. Y., assignor to Sperry Products, Inc., Hoboken, N. J., a corporation of N ew York Application March 2, 1948, Serial N0. 12,617
This invention relates to the supersonic agitation of materials, particularly liquids. Such agitation has been employed heretofore and it has been determined that very desirable changes can be effected within various mediums provided suflicient supersonic power can be developed. As heretofore employed, only sufficient power has been developed to indicate that very desirable changes could be effected within such mediums, but it has heretofore been impossible to concentrate enough power to determine the full value of such agitation. The indications, as gathered from work previously accomplished in this field, are that among the very desirable changes and results which could be effected, if sufficient power could be developed, are the following: destroy bacteria in order to obtain enzymes; more effective sterilization, mixing ordinarily immiscible compounds; treat metals in their molten state to change crystal structure; homogenize liquids more rapidly and in larger quantities.
It is, therefore, one of the principal objects of this invention to provide a method and means for generating suflicient supersonic power to accomplish the above and other purposes, and in general to provide more supersonic power than has heretofore been obtained by similar means.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a method and means for treating continuously flowing fluids with powerful supersonic energy.
It is another object of this invention to provide a method and means not only for delivering a high degree of supersonic power into a fluid, but also to insure that all portions of the fluid will be subject to the high power supersonic treatment.
It is still another object of this invention to provide a method and means for imparting supersonic energy to a fluid through the walls of a container and to insure maximum transfer of energy from the supersonic vibrator through the the container.
Further obiects and advantages of this invention will become apparent in the following detai ed description thereof.
In the accompanying drawings,
Fig. 1 is a transverse vertical section through an elongated fluid conductor showing one form of my invention applied thereto.
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical section through the Fig. 1 device taken substantially on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing a portion of the container with a modified form of my invention applied thereto.
Referring to the drawings. I have shown this invention as applied to a container such as a pipe I0 having a circular cross section although it will be apparent that certain of the features of this invention are applicable to containers having other sections. Furthermore, I have shown this invention as applied to the case where fluid is adapted to flow continuously through the pipe I!) and be treated with supersonic energy as it flows, although it will be obvious that the principles of the invention will in large part apply also to the case where fluid is stationary within the confines of the container.
As shown, fluid is flowing through pipe l0 and the problem consists in delivering the maximum amount of supersonic energy to all parts of the fluid during its flow through the pipe, and to deliver such energy in sufficient quantity to effect the desirable results outlined in the introduction hereto and which supersonic agitation thus far has only indicated as possible without fully achieving these end results.
For this purpose I mount on the surface of pipe Ill a plurality of electroacoustic transducers i I having their inner surfaces ground to fit closely the surface of pipe i0 so that intimate contact between the inner vibrating surfaces of transducers H and the outer surface of pipe I 0 can be achieved. The center of curvature of quartz crystals II is therefore the same center 0 as that of the pipe [0 and the energy delivered by such crystals will be concentrated substantially in the region of center 0. The transducers H are preferably quartz crystals which may be oscillated in the usual manner from any suitable source of high frequency oscillations.
By the above arrangement it will be seen that the entire energy of the plurality of crystals positioned around the periphery of pipe I 0 will be concentrated in the region of the central axis 0 of the pipe and the liquid in this region will receive the maximum concentrated supersonic energy. The violent agitation of the fluid in this region will set up turbulence so that continuously changing streams of fluid will flow inwardly from the outer region of the interior of the pipe toward the region of the central axis and thus substantially all of the liquid will be subject to the concentrated high intensity supersonic power.
In order to insure that all of the liquid will be subiect to the intense power of the region of the central axis 0, a plurality of concentric rings of crystals such as H and H may be provided longitudinally displaced along the pipe to increase the-turbulence and thus insure the passage of all of the liquid through the region oi, concentrated supersonic power at one or more periods during its passage through the pipe. As many longitudinally displaced bands of crystals may be provided as are found necessary to effect the desired results.
The arran ements shown and described in connection with Figs. 1 and 2 will result in con-- centrating in the region of the central axis 0 such power as the quartz crystals can transmit through the wall of pipe 10. To insure that the maximum amount of energy generated by the cr stals passes through the wall of pipe ID, the following relationships should be established:
(1) The product of the density multiplied by the velocity of the supersonic vibrations in the material should be equal to that of the crystal.
(2) The wall of pipe 10 should be tuned to the frequency of vibration of the crystal, i. e., the wall should be A; of a wave length in thickness. By Formula 1, the maximum transfer of energy is obtained from the standpoint of the material of the container wall; by Formula 2, the maximum transfer of energy is obtained from the standpoint of the dimensions of the container.
In a modified form of the invention as shown in Fig. 3. the crystals l2 may be set into the wall of pine l in place of the material of the wall. In this form of invention theprecautions set forth in Formulas 1 and 2 above are unnecessary becau ethe energy does not have to traverse the wall of wine I 0 but is transmitted directly to the liouid i hin the pine.
Having described m ivention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. An apparatus for the supersonic agitation of fluids in a container, comprising a plurality of electro-acoustic transducers positioned substantially in a plane and ada ted to pass supersonic beams through the fluid. means for simultaneously energizing all of said transducers, the transducers being positioned to concentrate the beams substantially at a point within the container.
2. An a paratus for the supersonic agitation of fluids flowing in a pipe in the direction of the longitudinal axis thereof, comprising a plurality of electro-acoustic transducers positioned substantially in a plane and adapted to pass supersonic beams through the fluid, means for simultaneously energizing all of said transducers, the transducers being positionedto concentrate the beams substantially at a point in the longitudinal axis of the pipe.
3. An apparatus for the supersonic agitation of fluids flowing in a pipe in the direction of the longitudinal axis thereof, comprising a plurality of electro-acoustic transducers positioned substantially in a pluralitv of parallel planes displaced along the longitudinal axis of the pipe and adapted to pass su ersonic beams through the fluid, means for simultaneously energizing all of said transd cers, the transducers being positioned to concentrate the beams substantially in the longitudinal axis of the pipe.
4. An ap aratus for the su ersonic agitation of fluids flowing in a nine in the direction of the lon itudinal axis thereof, comprisin a plurality of e ct o-acoustic transducers positioned substantiall in a plurality of parallel planes displaced a n the lon itudinal axis of the pine and adapted to ass su ersonic beams throu h the fluid. the tran ducers in one plane being an ularly dis laced with respect to the tran ducers in the ad acent p ane. means for simu taneous enereizin a of said transducers. the transducers bein osit oned to c nc ntrate the beams substan al y in the lon itudinal axis of the D1ne 5. An a paratus for the su ersonic a itatinn of fl' ids in a container. com risin a plurality of electro-acoustic transducers positioned substantially in a plane and adapted to pass supersonic beams through the fluid, the transducers being positioned to concentrate. the beams substantially at a point within the container, means for simultaneously energizing all of said transducers, the transducers extending through the.
Wall of the container.
6. An apparatus for the supersonic agitation of 1 taneously energizing all of said transducers, the;
transducers consisting of piezo-electric crystals in engagement with the outer surface of the container wall, each crystal and the container wall bearing the following relationship: the product of the density multiplied by the velocity of the supersonic vibrations in the wall equals that of the crystal.
'7. An apparatus for the supersonic agitation of fluids in a container, comprising a plurality of electro-acoustic transducers positioned substantially in a plane and adapted to pass supersonic beams through the fluid, the transducers being positioned to concentrate the beam substantially at a point within the container, means for simultaneously energizing all of said transducers, the transducers consisting of piezo-electric crystals in engagement with the outer surface of the container wall, each crystal of the container wall bearing the following relationship: the wall of the container is of a thickness equal to one-quarter wave length of the vibrations generated by the crystal.
8. An apparatus for the supersonic agitation of fluids in a container, comprising a plurality of electro-acoustic transducers positioned substantially in a plane and adapted to pass supersonic beams through the fluid, the transducers being positioned to concentrate the beams substantially at a point within the container, means for simultaneously energizing all of said transducers, the
transducers consisting of piezo-electric crystals in engagement with the outer surface of the container wall, each crystal and the container bearing the following relationships: the product of the density multiplied by the velocity of the supersonic vibrations in the wall equals that of the crystal, and the wall of the container is of a thickness equal to one-quarter wave length of the vibrations generated by the crystal.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
Switzerland Aug. 15, 1938
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US720053 *||19 Jul 1902||10 Feb 1903||Charles R Mckibben||Mechanism for packing pipes with sand.|
|US1318740 *||25 May 1918||14 Oct 1919||Reginald a|
|US1738565 *||18 Jul 1927||10 Dic 1929||Texas Co||Method and apparatus for utilizing high-frequency sound waves|
|US1753412 *||20 Jun 1929||8 Abr 1930||Harris Moses A||Electric packer|
|US2246165 *||27 May 1939||17 Jun 1941||Gen Electric||Method for producing sintered hard metal from pulverulent materials|
|US2398455 *||12 Ene 1943||16 Abr 1946||American Foundry Equip Co||Metallurgy|
|CH212928A *||Título no disponible|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US2702691 *||6 May 1949||22 Feb 1955||James Knights Company||Generator system for producing rotating vibratory field|
|US2725219 *||16 Feb 1953||29 Nov 1955||George Firth||Reactor|
|US2738172 *||28 Nov 1952||13 Mar 1956||Nat Dairy Res Lab Inc||Apparatus for treatment of products with ultrasonic energy|
|US2765153 *||12 Nov 1952||2 Oct 1956||Christian Gielow||Process and means for handling plastic masses|
|US2791990 *||21 May 1954||14 May 1957||Daniel A Grieb||Ultrasonic mixing method and apparatus therefor|
|US2791994 *||11 Feb 1954||14 May 1957||Daniel A Grieb||Ultrasonic mixing method and apparatus|
|US2851764 *||24 Oct 1952||16 Sep 1958||Standard Oil Co||Method for cooling and lubricating cutting tools|
|US2864592 *||7 Mar 1955||16 Dic 1958||Bendix Aviat Corp||Liquid-vibrating apparatus|
|US2876083 *||22 Jun 1954||3 Mar 1959||Franz Prietl||Process of producing crystals from particles of crystallizable substance distributedin a liquid|
|US2891176 *||13 Jul 1955||16 Jun 1959||Branson Instr||Compressional wave generating apparatus|
|US2924542 *||9 Sep 1957||9 Feb 1960||Socony Mobil Oil Co Inc||Method for removing combustion chamber deposits|
|US2926622 *||23 Ago 1955||1 Mar 1960||Gulton Ind Inc||Ultrasonic soldering pot|
|US2950725 *||26 Mar 1958||30 Ago 1960||Detrex Chem Ind||Ultrasonic cleaning apparatus|
|US2960314 *||6 Jul 1959||15 Nov 1960||Jr Albert G Bodine||Method and apparatus for generating and transmitting sonic vibrations|
|US2985003 *||11 Ene 1957||23 May 1961||Gen Motors Corp||Sonic washer|
|US3002731 *||15 Nov 1956||3 Oct 1961||Gen Motors Corp||Apparatus for ultrasonic cleaning|
|US3052115 *||13 Feb 1959||4 Sep 1962||Realisations Ultrasoniques Soc||Ultrasonic apparatus for examining the interior of solid bodies|
|US3056589 *||23 Jun 1958||2 Oct 1962||Bendix Corp||Radially vibratile ceramic transducers|
|US3063683 *||22 Jul 1959||13 Nov 1962||Beloit Iron Works||Mixing apparatus|
|US3075097 *||20 Oct 1959||22 Ene 1963||Gulton Ind Inc||Ultrasonic device|
|US3087840 *||16 Jun 1958||30 Abr 1963||Macrosonic Process Corp||Methods and means for producing physical, chemical and physicochemical effects by large-amplitude sound waves|
|US3147954 *||1 Feb 1961||8 Sep 1964||Rock Hill Printing & Finishing||Apparatus for manufacturing emulsions of coloring material|
|US3191527 *||16 Ago 1961||29 Jun 1965||Sperry Rand Corp||Fluid pressure wave printer|
|US3200567 *||7 Sep 1956||17 Ago 1965||Black Sivalls & Bryson Inc||System for the sonic treatment of emulsions and for resolving the same into their constituent parts|
|US3222221 *||29 Abr 1959||7 Dic 1965||Branson Instr||Ultrasonic cleaning method and apparatus|
|US3229448 *||29 May 1961||18 Ene 1966||Jacke Stanley E||Ultrasonic degasifying device|
|US3348814 *||29 Abr 1963||24 Oct 1967||Macrosonic Process Corp||Methods and means for producing physical, chemical and physico-chemical effects by large-amplitude sound waves|
|US3464672 *||26 Oct 1966||2 Sep 1969||Dynamics Corp America||Sonic processing transducer|
|US3731267 *||4 Ene 1971||1 May 1973||Brandt O||Electro-acoustic transducer|
|US3930982 *||6 Abr 1973||6 Ene 1976||The Carborundum Company||Ferroelectric apparatus for dielectrophoresis particle extraction|
|US3946829 *||17 Oct 1973||30 Mar 1976||Nippon Tokushu Togyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Ultrasonic device|
|US4032438 *||19 Sep 1975||28 Jun 1977||Ocean Ecology Ltd.||Method and apparatus for ultrasonically removing contaminants from water|
|US4216403 *||25 Jul 1978||5 Ago 1980||Hans List||Monoaxially oriented piezoelectric polymer transducer for measurement of mechanical values on bodies|
|US4253962 *||12 Dic 1979||3 Mar 1981||Thompson John R||Non-destructive vibratory cleaning system for reverse osmosis and ultra filtration membranes|
|US4398925 *||21 Ene 1982||16 Ago 1983||The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration||Acoustic bubble removal method|
|US4956149 *||29 Jun 1988||11 Sep 1990||Nec Corporation||Biosensor device provided with an agitator|
|US5123433 *||24 May 1989||23 Jun 1992||Westinghouse Electric Corp.||Ultrasonic flow nozzle cleaning apparatus|
|US5395592 *||4 Oct 1993||7 Mar 1995||Bolleman; Brent||Acoustic liquid processing device|
|US5611993 *||25 Ago 1995||18 Mar 1997||Areopag Usa, Inc.||Ultrasonic method of treating a continuous flow of fluid|
|US6106374 *||16 Jul 1998||22 Ago 2000||International Business Machines Corporation||Acoustically agitated delivery|
|US6244738 *||21 May 1999||12 Jun 2001||Hitachi, Ltd.||Stirrer having ultrasonic vibrators for mixing a sample solution|
|US6444176 *||20 Ago 1998||3 Sep 2002||Marine Techno Research, Inc.||Apparatus for purification of water area|
|US6604849 *||11 May 2001||12 Ago 2003||Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.||Slurry dilution system with an ultrasonic vibrator capable of in-situ adjustment of slurry concentration|
|US6910797 *||14 Ago 2002||28 Jun 2005||Hewlett-Packard Development, L.P.||Mixing device having sequentially activatable circulators|
|US7267659||23 May 2003||11 Sep 2007||Dornier Medtech Systems Gmbh||Method and apparatus for transferring medically effective substances into cells|
|US7354556 *||28 Nov 2003||8 Abr 2008||Accentus Plc||Process and apparatus for irradiating fluids|
|US7521023 *||11 Feb 2004||21 Abr 2009||Covaris, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for controlling sonic treatment|
|US7677120||31 Dic 2007||16 Mar 2010||Covaris, Inc.||Apparatus for sample preparation|
|US7686500||27 Jun 2005||30 Mar 2010||Covaris, Inc.||Method and apparatus for acoustically controlling liquid solutions in microfluidic devices|
|US7687026||20 Ago 2007||30 Mar 2010||Covaris, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for controlling sonic treatment|
|US7687039||5 Dic 2005||30 Mar 2010||Covaris, Inc.||Methods and systems for modulating acoustic energy delivery|
|US7757561||1 Ago 2006||20 Jul 2010||Covaris, Inc.||Methods and systems for processing samples using acoustic energy|
|US7811525||17 Jun 2009||12 Oct 2010||Covaris, Inc.||Methods and systems for modulating acoustic energy delivery|
|US7942568 *||17 Jun 2005||17 May 2011||Sandia Corporation||Active micromixer using surface acoustic wave streaming|
|US7981368||25 Ene 2010||19 Jul 2011||Covaris, Inc.||Method and apparatus for acoustically controlling liquid solutions in microfluidic devices|
|US8263005||20 Ago 2007||11 Sep 2012||Covaris, Inc.||Methods and systems for modulating acoustic energy delivery|
|US8353619||1 Ago 2007||15 Ene 2013||Covaris, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for treating samples with acoustic energy|
|US8408782||28 Oct 2009||2 Abr 2013||United Technologies Corporation||Acoustic acceleration of fluid mixing in porous materials|
|US8459121||28 Oct 2010||11 Jun 2013||Covaris, Inc.||Method and system for acoustically treating material|
|US8702836||20 Nov 2007||22 Abr 2014||Covaris, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for treating samples with acoustic energy to form particles and particulates|
|US8709359||5 Ene 2011||29 Abr 2014||Covaris, Inc.||Sample holder and method for treating sample material|
|US8789999||15 Mar 2013||29 Jul 2014||United Technologies Corporation||Acoustic acceleration of fluid mixing in porous materials|
|US8991259||10 May 2013||31 Mar 2015||Covaris, Inc.||Method and system for acoustically treating material|
|US9060915||20 Jun 2008||23 Jun 2015||Dornier MedTech Systems, GmbH||Methods for improving cell therapy and tissue regeneration in patients with cardiovascular diseases by means of shockwaves|
|US9126177||10 May 2013||8 Sep 2015||Covaris, Inc.||Method and system for acoustically treating material|
|US20030017578 *||21 Jun 2002||23 Ene 2003||Dornier Medizintechnik Gmbh||Apparatus for transferring molecules into cells|
|US20030147812 *||11 Dic 2002||7 Ago 2003||Friedrich Ueberle||Device and methods for initiating chemical reactions and for the targeted delivery of drugs or other agents|
|US20030220592 *||18 Mar 2003||27 Nov 2003||Dornier Medtech Systems Gmbh||Apparatus and method for producing bipolar acoustic pulses|
|US20040032793 *||14 Ago 2002||19 Feb 2004||Roberto Falcon||Mixing devices, systems and methods|
|US20040039329 *||23 May 2003||26 Feb 2004||Dornier Medtech Systems Gmbh||Method and apparatus for transferring medically effective substances into cells|
|US20040081591 *||28 Nov 2003||29 Abr 2004||Aea Technology Plc.||Process and apparatus for irradiating fluids|
|US20040264293 *||11 Feb 2004||30 Dic 2004||Covaris, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for controlling sonic treatment|
|US20060024803 *||19 Ago 2003||2 Feb 2006||Dornier Medtech Systems Gmbh||Method and device for ultrasonic inoculation of biological cell material|
|US20060029525 *||27 Jun 2005||9 Feb 2006||Laugharn James A Jr||Method and apparatus for acoustically controlling liquid solutions in microfluidic devices|
|US20060158956 *||5 Dic 2005||20 Jul 2006||Covaris, Inc.||Methods and systems for modulating acoustic energy delivery|
|US20070053795 *||1 Ago 2006||8 Mar 2007||Covaris, Inc.||Methods and systems for compound management and sample preparation|
|US20080049545 *||22 Ago 2006||28 Feb 2008||United Technologies Corporation||Acoustic acceleration of fluid mixing in porous materials|
|US20080050289 *||20 Ago 2007||28 Feb 2008||Laugharn James A Jr||Apparatus and methods for controlling sonic treatment|
|US20080056960 *||20 Ago 2007||6 Mar 2008||Laugharn James A Jr||Methods and systems for modulating acoustic energy delivery|
|US20080105063 *||31 Dic 2007||8 May 2008||Covaris, Inc.||Apparatus for sample preparation|
|US20080170464 *||15 Feb 2008||17 Jul 2008||Olympus Corporation||Analyzing apparatus, supply apparatus, agitation apparatus, and agitation method|
|US20090038932 *||8 Ago 2007||12 Feb 2009||Battelle Memorial Institute||Device and method for noninvasive ultrasonic treatment of fluids and materials in conduits and cylindrical containers|
|US20090162447 *||30 Mar 2006||25 Jun 2009||Tamar Kaully||Spherically Shaped Substances|
|US20100046319 *||28 Oct 2009||25 Feb 2010||United Technologies Corporation||Acoustic Acceleration of Fluid Mixing in Porous Materials|
|WO1985001514A1 *||13 Ago 1984||11 Abr 1985||Univ Iowa Res Found||A method of and apparatus for harvesting mammalian cells|
|WO1996020784A1 *||4 Ene 1996||11 Jul 1996||Univ Boston||Method and apparatus for enhancing chemical reactions through acoustic cavitation|
|WO2006103671A1 *||30 Mar 2006||5 Oct 2006||Rafael Armament Dev Authority||Apparatus for treating particles and liquids by ultrasound|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||366/114, 366/127, 134/1, 159/900, 210/606, 310/334, 210/748.3|
|Clasificación internacional||B01J19/10, B01F11/02|
|Clasificación cooperativa||B01F11/0241, Y10S159/90, B01F11/0283, B01J19/10|
|Clasificación europea||B01F11/02K, B01F11/02F, B01J19/10|