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Patentes

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Número de publicaciónUS2592381 A
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Fecha de publicación8 Abr 1952
Fecha de presentación13 Oct 1949
Fecha de prioridad13 Oct 1949
Número de publicaciónUS 2592381 A, US 2592381A, US-A-2592381, US2592381 A, US2592381A
InventoresBlackman Theodore A
Cesionario originalPremo Pharmaceutical Lab Inc
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet
Hypodermic syringe
US 2592381 A
Resumen  disponible en
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Reclamaciones  disponible en
Descripción  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)

pril 8, 1952 T. A. BLACKMAN HYPODERMIC SYRINGE Filed Oct. 13, 1949 I I l l l L JNVENTOR.

HEO RE H. ELQGKMPIA/ ATTUR/VE') Patent ed Apr. 8, 1952 2,592,381 HYPODERMIC SYRINGE Theodore A. Blackmail; New York, N. Y., assignor to Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Inc.,

South Hackensack, N.

York

J., a corporation of New Application October '13, 1949, Serial No. 121,119

This invention relates to hypodermic syringes. More particularly my invention pertains to hypodermic. syringes of the type in which an elastomeric plunger is detachably secured to a plunger rod.

It is an object of my invention to provide in a syringe of the character described an improved arrangement for anchoring a detachable securing insert in the elastomeric plunger.

Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part will be pointed out hereinafter.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangements of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter described, and of which the scope of application will be indicated in the appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings, in which is shown one of the various possible embodiments of the inventign,

Fig. l is a side View in partial section of a hypodermic syringe embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical central section through the plunger of said syringe;

Fig. 3 is a top view of the plunger;

Fig. 4 is an elevational view of an insert adapted to be anchored in the plunger;

Fig. 5 is a vertical central sectional view through said insert; and

Fig. 6 is a top view of said insert.

Referring now in detail to the drawings, the reference numeral Ill denotes a hypodermic syringe including a conventional syringe barrel l2 which may be of the glass Luer, lock or recorder type having an outwardly extending finger flange M at its top and a ground conical tip It at its base. A passageway l8 extends from the free end of the tip into the barrel. Said tip is adapted to frictionally engage the bore of a standard hypodermic needle 20.

A plunger 22 is slidable within the barrel l2. Said plunger is fabricated from an elastomeric material such as rubber, butadiene-styrene copolymers, butadiene-acrylonitrile copolymers, isobutylene-diolefin copolymers, polychloroprene or organic polysulphides. More specifically the plunger constitutes a cylindrical elastomeric plug having a set of parallel annular grooves 24 which break up the cylindrical surface of the plug into several parallel ridges '25. The diameters of the ridges are slightly in excess of the interior diameter of the barrel 12 so that the plunger has a snug sliding fit in the syringe.

To reciprocate the plunger within the syringe,

2Claims. (o1. 128-.-218) a plunger rod is provided, said rod optionally constituting a metal tube 26 having a head cap 28 on its upper end. The lower end of the rod consists of a threaded stub shaft 30 which is designed to threadably engage the plunger 22.

Inasmuch as the material of the plunger is comparatively soft, said plunger is formed or molded with a metal insert 32 which, pursuant to my invention, is fashioned in a special shape that enables the same to be firmly anchored in the plunger. Said insert consists of a central tubular sleeve 34 whose bore 36 is tapped to threadably secure the shaft 30. The bottom of the sleeve is closed by a wall 38. A second tubular sleeve 40 concentrically surrounds the sleeve 34, its inside diameter being larger than the outside diameter of the inner sleeve. The sleeve 43 likewise is closed by the base wall 38 thus forming a tubular well W between the two sleeves whose bottom constitutes said base wall. The upper edge of the sleeve 40 is below the upper edge of the sleeve 34. The outer sleeve is fashioned with a plurality of transversely extending through-holes which constitute passageways from the outside of the insert to the tubular well W between the two sleeves. Desirably the insert is made in one piece.

When anchored in the plunger, the top edge of the inner sleeve of the insert is substantially flush with the top surface of the plug. Accordingly, the elastomeric material of the plug covers the top edge of the outer sleeve, fills the tubular well W between the two sleeves and extends through the several holes 42. I have found that with an arrangement of this sort the insert remains firmly imbedded in the plug even when very substantial displacing forces are exerted.

By way of example and without limiting my invention thereto it may be mentioned that an insert constructed in accordance with my invention and having the following dimensions, functions in a most suitable manner: For the outer sleeve an external diameter of A1" and a thickness of about /128", a distance of from the top edge of the outer sleeve to the top edge of the inner sleeve, making the holes 42 /64" in diameter and locating the same half-way down the outer sleeve, for the base wall a thickness in the order of and for the tubular well W, a depth of /64" and breadth of /a:.

It will thus be seen that there is provided a device in which the several objects of this invention are achieved, and which is well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.

As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein described or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

1. For use in a hypodermic syringe of the type wherein a plunger has a plunger shaft detachably secured thereto: a plunger of elastomeric material having a metallic insert imbedded therein, said insert including a pair of nested sleeves, the inner sleeve being internally formed to detachably couple with the tip of the plunger shaft and the outer sleeve being spaced from the inner sleeve to provide a tubular well, said outer'sleeve having a plurality of through-holes extending transversely of said sleeve and running outwardly from the well, said holes being below the top edge of said sleeve, the top edge of the outer sleeve being lower than the top edgeof the inner sleeve and the top edge of the inner sleeve being adjacent the top of the plunger, the material of the plunger filling the tubular well and said holes and covering the upper edge of the outer sleeve.

2. For use in a hypodermic syringe of the type wherein a plunger has a plunger shaft detachably threaded thereto: a plunger of elastomeric material having a metallic insert imbedded therein, 30

said insert includinga pair of" concentrically nested sleeves, the inner sleeve being tapped and the outer sleeve being spaced from the inner sleeve to provide an annular well, said outer sleeve having a plurality of through-holes extending transversely of said sleeve and running outwardly from the well, said holes being below the top edge of said sleeve, the top edge of the outer sleeve being lower than the top edge of the inner sleeve and the top edge of the inner sleeve being adjacent the top of the plunger, the material of the plunger filling the annular well and said holes and covering the upper edge of the outer sleeve.

THEODORE A. BLACKMAN.

REFERENCES CITED The. following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,718,474 McQuaid June 25, 1929 1,935,494 West Nov. 14, 1933 2,454,567 Pierson Nov. 23, 1948 2,456,615 Berglund Dec. 21, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 611,290 Great Britain Oct. 27, 1948 632,883 Germany July 15, 1936

Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US1718474 *9 Ago 192625 Jun 1929Mcquaid John WPiston
US1935494 *20 Mar 193014 Nov 1933West Herman OPlunger for hypodermic syringes and the like
US2454567 *2 Ago 194423 Nov 1948Jr Adrian A PiersonRadio shielding sealing gasket
US2456615 *23 Ago 194421 Dic 1948 berglund
DE632883C *16 Dic 193115 Jul 1936Felix MeyerInjektionsspritze
GB611290A * Título no disponible
Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US2895773 *22 Oct 195621 Jul 1959Robert K McconnaugheyVariable diameter tensed ring piston
US3656480 *17 Jun 196918 Abr 1972Leveen Harry HSyringe
US3677245 *6 Abr 197018 Jul 1972Becton Dickinson CoSelf-contained disposable syringe
US3742995 *23 Mar 19703 Jul 1973Air Lock Plastics IncBlow molded article of thermoplastic material having a threaded insert therein
US3796516 *8 Ago 197212 Mar 1974Mc Cormick ABellows pump
US3816922 *28 May 196218 Jun 1974L MichaelsAmalgam dispenser and packer
US4026287 *10 Dic 197531 May 1977Irene HallerSyringe with retractable cannula
US4246898 *23 Jul 197927 Ene 1981Cutter Laboratories, Inc.Syringe
US4447229 *19 Ago 19838 May 1984Butterfield GroupTamper-resistant hypodermic syringe
US8882724 *19 Mar 201311 Nov 2014Becton, Dickinson And CompanyFlush syringe having compressible plunger
US933330113 Oct 201410 May 2016Becton, Dickinson And CompanyFlush syringe having compressible plunger
US95454807 Ago 201417 Ene 2017Fisher Clinical Services, GMBHSyringe assembler method
US20130218097 *19 Mar 201322 Ago 2013Becton, Dickinson And CompanyFlush Syringe Having Compressible Plunger
DE1062395B *6 Dic 195630 Jul 1959Rudolf StoykeAmpullenspritze mit Aspirationsvorrichtung
EP1382362A1 *16 Ene 200321 Ene 2004Pegasus GmbH, Gesellschaft für medizinische GeräteMotor-driven infusion pump
WO2004006995A1 *2 Jul 200322 Ene 2004Pegasus GmbhMotor-driven infusion pump
WO2006021380A1 *19 Ago 20052 Mar 2006Schering AktiengesellschaftPiston for a syringe, and corresponding syringe
WO2011125133A1 *9 Abr 201013 Oct 2011Coki Engineering Inc.Cylinder gasket and pre-filled syringe using same
WO2016020756A1 *28 Jul 201511 Feb 2016Fisher Clinical Services GmbHSyringe assembler and method of use
Clasificaciones
Clasificación de EE.UU.604/222, 92/249
Clasificación internacionalA61M5/315
Clasificación cooperativaA61M5/31511, A61M5/31515
Clasificación europeaA61M5/315C