|Número de publicación||US2592381 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||8 Abr 1952|
|Fecha de presentación||13 Oct 1949|
|Fecha de prioridad||13 Oct 1949|
|Número de publicación||US 2592381 A, US 2592381A, US-A-2592381, US2592381 A, US2592381A|
|Inventores||Blackman Theodore A|
|Cesionario original||Premo Pharmaceutical Lab Inc|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (6), Citada por (19), Clasificaciones (6)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
pril 8, 1952 T. A. BLACKMAN HYPODERMIC SYRINGE Filed Oct. 13, 1949 I I l l l L JNVENTOR.
HEO RE H. ELQGKMPIA/ ATTUR/VE') Patent ed Apr. 8, 1952 2,592,381 HYPODERMIC SYRINGE Theodore A. Blackmail; New York, N. Y., assignor to Premo Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Inc.,
South Hackensack, N.
J., a corporation of New Application October '13, 1949, Serial No. 121,119
This invention relates to hypodermic syringes. More particularly my invention pertains to hypodermic. syringes of the type in which an elastomeric plunger is detachably secured to a plunger rod.
It is an object of my invention to provide in a syringe of the character described an improved arrangement for anchoring a detachable securing insert in the elastomeric plunger.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part will be pointed out hereinafter.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangements of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter described, and of which the scope of application will be indicated in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings, in which is shown one of the various possible embodiments of the inventign,
Fig. l is a side View in partial section of a hypodermic syringe embodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical central section through the plunger of said syringe;
Fig. 3 is a top view of the plunger;
Fig. 4 is an elevational view of an insert adapted to be anchored in the plunger;
Fig. 5 is a vertical central sectional view through said insert; and
Fig. 6 is a top view of said insert.
Referring now in detail to the drawings, the reference numeral Ill denotes a hypodermic syringe including a conventional syringe barrel l2 which may be of the glass Luer, lock or recorder type having an outwardly extending finger flange M at its top and a ground conical tip It at its base. A passageway l8 extends from the free end of the tip into the barrel. Said tip is adapted to frictionally engage the bore of a standard hypodermic needle 20.
A plunger 22 is slidable within the barrel l2. Said plunger is fabricated from an elastomeric material such as rubber, butadiene-styrene copolymers, butadiene-acrylonitrile copolymers, isobutylene-diolefin copolymers, polychloroprene or organic polysulphides. More specifically the plunger constitutes a cylindrical elastomeric plug having a set of parallel annular grooves 24 which break up the cylindrical surface of the plug into several parallel ridges '25. The diameters of the ridges are slightly in excess of the interior diameter of the barrel 12 so that the plunger has a snug sliding fit in the syringe.
To reciprocate the plunger within the syringe,
2Claims. (o1. 128-.-218) a plunger rod is provided, said rod optionally constituting a metal tube 26 having a head cap 28 on its upper end. The lower end of the rod consists of a threaded stub shaft 30 which is designed to threadably engage the plunger 22.
Inasmuch as the material of the plunger is comparatively soft, said plunger is formed or molded with a metal insert 32 which, pursuant to my invention, is fashioned in a special shape that enables the same to be firmly anchored in the plunger. Said insert consists of a central tubular sleeve 34 whose bore 36 is tapped to threadably secure the shaft 30. The bottom of the sleeve is closed by a wall 38. A second tubular sleeve 40 concentrically surrounds the sleeve 34, its inside diameter being larger than the outside diameter of the inner sleeve. The sleeve 43 likewise is closed by the base wall 38 thus forming a tubular well W between the two sleeves whose bottom constitutes said base wall. The upper edge of the sleeve 40 is below the upper edge of the sleeve 34. The outer sleeve is fashioned with a plurality of transversely extending through-holes which constitute passageways from the outside of the insert to the tubular well W between the two sleeves. Desirably the insert is made in one piece.
When anchored in the plunger, the top edge of the inner sleeve of the insert is substantially flush with the top surface of the plug. Accordingly, the elastomeric material of the plug covers the top edge of the outer sleeve, fills the tubular well W between the two sleeves and extends through the several holes 42. I have found that with an arrangement of this sort the insert remains firmly imbedded in the plug even when very substantial displacing forces are exerted.
By way of example and without limiting my invention thereto it may be mentioned that an insert constructed in accordance with my invention and having the following dimensions, functions in a most suitable manner: For the outer sleeve an external diameter of A1" and a thickness of about /128", a distance of from the top edge of the outer sleeve to the top edge of the inner sleeve, making the holes 42 /64" in diameter and locating the same half-way down the outer sleeve, for the base wall a thickness in the order of and for the tubular well W, a depth of /64" and breadth of /a:.
It will thus be seen that there is provided a device in which the several objects of this invention are achieved, and which is well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.
As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein described or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1. For use in a hypodermic syringe of the type wherein a plunger has a plunger shaft detachably secured thereto: a plunger of elastomeric material having a metallic insert imbedded therein, said insert including a pair of nested sleeves, the inner sleeve being internally formed to detachably couple with the tip of the plunger shaft and the outer sleeve being spaced from the inner sleeve to provide a tubular well, said outer'sleeve having a plurality of through-holes extending transversely of said sleeve and running outwardly from the well, said holes being below the top edge of said sleeve, the top edge of the outer sleeve being lower than the top edgeof the inner sleeve and the top edge of the inner sleeve being adjacent the top of the plunger, the material of the plunger filling the tubular well and said holes and covering the upper edge of the outer sleeve.
2. For use in a hypodermic syringe of the type wherein a plunger has a plunger shaft detachably threaded thereto: a plunger of elastomeric material having a metallic insert imbedded therein, 30
said insert includinga pair of" concentrically nested sleeves, the inner sleeve being tapped and the outer sleeve being spaced from the inner sleeve to provide an annular well, said outer sleeve having a plurality of through-holes extending transversely of said sleeve and running outwardly from the well, said holes being below the top edge of said sleeve, the top edge of the outer sleeve being lower than the top edge of the inner sleeve and the top edge of the inner sleeve being adjacent the top of the plunger, the material of the plunger filling the annular well and said holes and covering the upper edge of the outer sleeve.
THEODORE A. BLACKMAN.
REFERENCES CITED The. following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,718,474 McQuaid June 25, 1929 1,935,494 West Nov. 14, 1933 2,454,567 Pierson Nov. 23, 1948 2,456,615 Berglund Dec. 21, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 611,290 Great Britain Oct. 27, 1948 632,883 Germany July 15, 1936
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US1718474 *||9 Ago 1926||25 Jun 1929||Mcquaid John W||Piston|
|US1935494 *||20 Mar 1930||14 Nov 1933||West Herman O||Plunger for hypodermic syringes and the like|
|US2454567 *||2 Ago 1944||23 Nov 1948||Jr Adrian A Pierson||Radio shielding sealing gasket|
|US2456615 *||23 Ago 1944||21 Dic 1948||berglund|
|DE632883C *||16 Dic 1931||15 Jul 1936||Felix Meyer||Injektionsspritze|
|GB611290A *||Título no disponible|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US2895773 *||22 Oct 1956||21 Jul 1959||Robert K Mcconnaughey||Variable diameter tensed ring piston|
|US3656480 *||17 Jun 1969||18 Abr 1972||Leveen Harry H||Syringe|
|US3677245 *||6 Abr 1970||18 Jul 1972||Becton Dickinson Co||Self-contained disposable syringe|
|US3742995 *||23 Mar 1970||3 Jul 1973||Air Lock Plastics Inc||Blow molded article of thermoplastic material having a threaded insert therein|
|US3796516 *||8 Ago 1972||12 Mar 1974||Mc Cormick A||Bellows pump|
|US3816922 *||28 May 1962||18 Jun 1974||L Michaels||Amalgam dispenser and packer|
|US4026287 *||10 Dic 1975||31 May 1977||Irene Haller||Syringe with retractable cannula|
|US4246898 *||23 Jul 1979||27 Ene 1981||Cutter Laboratories, Inc.||Syringe|
|US4447229 *||19 Ago 1983||8 May 1984||Butterfield Group||Tamper-resistant hypodermic syringe|
|US8882724 *||19 Mar 2013||11 Nov 2014||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Flush syringe having compressible plunger|
|US9333301||13 Oct 2014||10 May 2016||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Flush syringe having compressible plunger|
|US9545480||7 Ago 2014||17 Ene 2017||Fisher Clinical Services, GMBH||Syringe assembler method|
|US20130218097 *||19 Mar 2013||22 Ago 2013||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Flush Syringe Having Compressible Plunger|
|DE1062395B *||6 Dic 1956||30 Jul 1959||Rudolf Stoyke||Ampullenspritze mit Aspirationsvorrichtung|
|EP1382362A1 *||16 Ene 2003||21 Ene 2004||Pegasus GmbH, Gesellschaft für medizinische Geräte||Motor-driven infusion pump|
|WO2004006995A1 *||2 Jul 2003||22 Ene 2004||Pegasus Gmbh||Motor-driven infusion pump|
|WO2006021380A1 *||19 Ago 2005||2 Mar 2006||Schering Aktiengesellschaft||Piston for a syringe, and corresponding syringe|
|WO2011125133A1 *||9 Abr 2010||13 Oct 2011||Coki Engineering Inc.||Cylinder gasket and pre-filled syringe using same|
|WO2016020756A1 *||28 Jul 2015||11 Feb 2016||Fisher Clinical Services GmbH||Syringe assembler and method of use|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||604/222, 92/249|
|Clasificación cooperativa||A61M5/31511, A61M5/31515|