US 2620809 A
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Dec. 9, 1952 G. ROSEN HAIR PIECE AND CLIP Filed Aug. 18, 1948 Patented Dec. 9, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.-
HAIR PIECE AND CLIP George Rosen, Bronx, N. Y.
Application August 18, 1948, Serial No. 44,815
1 This invention relates to the making of'hair pieces such as wigs, toupees, and switches. The invention particularly relatesto means of attaching the hair piece to the head of the wearer.
One of the most dicult problems in the making of hair pieces has been the problem of attaching to the head. This has been accomplished, heretofore, in various ways, none of which has been wholly satisfactory. Some. of them have been obvious and would have revealed the existence of the hair piece. Others have been ineffective in that they failed to keep the hair piece firmly affixed in its selected position, and others have been of such construction that they were uncomfortable to the wearer.
It is an object of this invention to make a hair piece which can be attached to the hair and which when so attached will be retained in position during the normal activities of the wearer.
Another object of the invention is to make a hair clip capable of aixing objects to the hair, but of being removed readily when the wearer desires so to do. The objects of the invention are accomplished, generally speaking, by a hair piece having a kind of band, which may be separateor woven of the hair itself, to which are attached, for instance by sewing, small clips of unique construction. It is to be understood that the unique clips of this invention may also be used to attach other objects than hair pieces to the hair.
In the drawings, wherein like reference characters refer to like parts throughout the several views:
Fig. 1 is a view of a switch including the hair clips;
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the hair clip; and
Fig. 3 is an elevational view of the same clip.
In the drawing, the numeral l indicates generally a switch having hair Il which may be of natural or of articial construction depending upon its purpose, which is woven at l2 into a band; Attached to this band at suitable intervals are a plurality of clips I3. These clips are extremely small, being in an ordinary case on the order of 1/2 to 5/8 of an inch in length, 1A; inch broad, and of the thickness of a thin metal plate. They are preferably made of spring steel, strong plastics, and copper alloys of the resilient type.
In Figs. 2 and 3, the numeral 20 indicates in enlarged scale a clip of the novel construction having a body portion in which is a slit 2l which is more or less U-shaped and demarks the central area 22 which constitutes a tongue. The tongue is bent upwardly as indicated at 23 out 4 Claims. (Cl. 132-53) Cil of the plane of the clip forming a loop for grip- Y ping hair. The-tongue is then bent downwardly again into the plane of the clip and at its :tip
24 isbent upwardly again to form a cam whichv serves to gather a quantity of hair somewhat larger vthan the height of the bulge 23 above the level of the clip. Consequently, when the hair is forced under the tongue 22- and vbeneaththe bulge 23 it is held in compression as soon as the tip 24 has returned to its normal position. Some hair is forced downward by the tongue into the plane of the clip and is thus prevented from gliding through the clip.
The clips can be made very satisfactorily by cutting them out of suitable at stock. These may desirably be stamped out by suitable dies. which have cutting means togive the article its overall shape, to slit it at 2|, and to put holes 25 in its ends by means of which it may be sewed to the hair piece. At the same time as the clip is cut, the tongue formed by the slit 2l may be bent to its curvilinear shape. This bending shortens the tongue suiciently to enable hair to be drawn beneath it readily. The imparting of shape to the tongue may occur by cold pressing at or immediately after forming of the piece, or subsequently.
It is to be understood that other materials than Phosphor bronze may be used in making the clip, although some of such materials lack the quality of invisibility possessed by Phosphor bronze.
An advantage of the invention is that the clip can be afxed to hair with comparative ease and quite close to the root so that it is indistinguishable even on men. It can be detached from hair very easily by springing the tongue slightly, but it holds hair, when in position, so firmly as to be almost incapable of movement along the hair. At the same time, it does not damage hair.
As many apparently widely different embodiments of the present invention may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specic embodiments.
What is claimed is:
1. A hair piece having a exible, non-metallic hair support and binder band and a, small clip attached thereto by sewing, said clip being smallback into the plane of the plate, and upward to form hair engaging cams and a hair retaining loop.
2. A hair piece having an integral binder band woven of the hair of the piece along one edge thereof, a plurality of clips for the attachment of the hair piece to the hair of the head attached to said band, said clips consisting essentially of a tiny plate of resilient and stiff material concealed beneath the band, having perforations at each end and a U-shaped slit demarking a central tongue which is reverse bent into and out of the plane of the plate to form a hair retaining loop and a projecting hair engaging cam.
3. Means for attaching a hair piece to the head said means including a flexible non-metallic band constructed for attachment to and concealment by the hair of the piece, and tiny clips attached to and concealed by said band, said d clips consisting essentially of a tiny plate of resilient and stiff material having straight sides and circular ends, a hole at each end constituting means for attachment to the band by sewing and a U-shaped slit demarking a central tongue, having straight sides and a rounded end, which is reverse bent into and out of the plane of the plate to form a hair retaining loop and a projecting, hair engaging cam.
4. Means for attaching a hair piece to the head, said means including a flexible, non-metallic band constructed to be concealed by the hair of the piece, and tiny clips attached to and 4 concealed by said band, said clips consisting essentially of a tiny plate of resilient and stiff material having means whereby they may be attached to the said band by sewing and a U- shaped slit demarking a central tongue having a rounded end, said tongue being bent out of and into the plane of the plate to form a hair retaining loop, and the said rounded end of the tongue being bent out of the plane of the plate to form a projecting, hair engaging cam.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 250,967 Presser Dec. 13, 1881 320,928 Godefroy June 30, 1885 349,902 Richardson et al. ISept. 28, 1886 1,169,421 Neuhaus Jan. 25, 1916 1,678,166 Repay July 24, 1928 1,775,209 Oppenheim Sept. 9, 1930 1,780,766 Oppenheim Nov. 4, 1930 1,886,882 Huber Nov. 8, 1932 2,135,417 Tinnerman Nov. 1, 1938 2,165,716 Molleson July 11. 1939 2,246,022 Tinnerman July 17, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 101,188 Switzerland Sept. 1, 1923
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