US 2660803 A
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Dec. 1, 1953 E. P. SACREY TEMPLET AND SUPPORTING FRAME FOR LOCATING HINGE BUTT RECESSES IN DOORS AND DOORFRAMES 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 25, 1952 Q mum, kn WM INVENTOR. Z/merf? Jacrej/ BY Dec. 1. 1953 E. P. SACREY TEMPLET AND SUPPORTING FRAME FOR LOCATING HINGE BUTT RECESSES IN DOORS AND DOORFRAMES 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 23, 1952 INVENTOR. fi/werfidczcray Dec. 1, 1953 E. P. SACREY 2,660,803
TEMPLET AND SUPPORTING FRAME FOR LOCATING HINGE BUTT RECESSES IN DOORS AND DOORFRAMES Filed Jan. 25, 1952 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 IN V EN TOR.
5/)776) FJdcray am/W Dec. 1, 1953 E. P. SACREY 2,660,803
TEMPLET AND SUPPORTING FRAME FOR LOCATING HINGE BUTT RECESSES IN DOORS AND DOORFRAMES Filed Jan. 23, 1952 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 IN V EN TOR.
Patented Dec. 1, 1953 TEMPLET AND SUPPORTING FRAME FOR LOCATING HINGE BUTT RECESSES IN DOORS AND DOORFRAMES Elmer P. Sacrey, Syracuse, N. Y.; Caleb Candee Brown, Jr., executor of said Elmer P.'Sacrey,
deceased Application January 23, 1952, Serial No. 267,839
1 This invention relates to templet and supporting means for locating hinge butt recesses to be routed out in pieces of work, as in a door and the confronting edge of a door frame, and has for its object an instrument or tool comprising a templet and a supporting frame having coacting means operable to locate the templet along the edge of the door or door frame, and means for temporarily securing the frame and the templet to the work piece when properly adjusted, as to a door or door frame. More specifically, the templet has adjustable gauges to determine the length of the recesses, side gauges to determine the width of the recesses and the distance the recesses are to be inset from one lengthwise edge of the door or door frame, and side gauges coacting with the other lengthwise edge of the door and door frame in accordance with the thickness of the door and width of the door frame, and adjustable end gauges at opposite ends of the templet for locating the templet and recess a given distance from the top edge of the door or door frame.
The butts or leaves of hinges are of standard lengths and widths for standard sizes of hinges and doors and door frames. The recesses are always located to inset from one lengthwise edge of the door or door frame and to open through the opposite lengthwise edge. Doors usually have at least top and bottom hinges and also, in most instances, an intermediate hinge. The top and bottom hinges are located given distances from the top and bottom edges of the door in accordance with the height of the door. There is one templet for each supporting frame, and this templet is set or adjusted for all the hinges of the door and is shifted from one recess location to another and interlock with coaeting locating means on the frame of the instrument or tool. The same setting is used when the instrument or tool is applied to the door frame.
Jobs for which this instrument or tool is adapted usually include a batch of doors of the same height, thickness, and hinge location, and door frames with the same setting of hinges as the doors, and the tool is adjustable for batches of doors of different sizes and thicknesses requiring another setting of gauges.
The specifications for the doors, hinges and hinge locations are supplied to the builder, or contractor. Surveys show that ninety-five percent of the doors specified are 6'6 and 6'8" in height. This instrument is built to locate the hinge butt recesses to be routed out in ninetyfive percent of the doors and door frames. A
3 Claims. (Cl. 33-197) Workman however can, when he becomes familiar with the instrument, readily set the instrument, within limits, to other various sizes of doors, or different specifications.
The routing out is done with a motor driven router having means for limiting the depth of the recess. In applying the instrument to the door, or the door frame, the workman always starts at the top end of the door and of the door frame. In applying the instrument to the door frame to locate the hinge butt recesses in the door frame, the Workman reverses the supporting frame end for end.
The invention consists in the novel features and in the combinations and constructions hereinafter set forth and claimed.
In describing this invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawings in which like characters designate corresponding parts in all the views. 7
Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of this instrument or tool, the position of the door being indicated in broken lines.
Figure 2 is a side elevation of parts seen in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is an enlarged sectional view on line V 33, Figure 1.
Figure 4 is an enlarged sectional view on line 4-4, Figure 1.
Figures 5 and 6 are respectively a fragmentary plan and an inverted plan of one end of the templet showing the cam width gauges on the templet, the cam gauges on the lower side of the templet being shown in Figure 6.
Figure 7 is a fragmentary elevation of the extensions telescoping with the body of the supporting frame to locate the templet when shifted from one routing position to the other.
Figure 8 is a detail view of one of the extensions.
Figure 9 is a fragmentary plan view showing the instrument as applied to the door frame to locate the recesses to be routed in the door frame.
This templet and supporting frame for locating hinge butt recesses in doors and door frames comprises a supporting frame having a body and extensions adjustable lengthwise of the body, the body being provided with brackets extending 1at-' erally therefrom to overlie the edge of the work" to be recessed, and carrying means, as pins or nails, for temporarily securing the brackets tothe work, and extensions at the ends of the body slid ably telescoping thereinto, and a templet having a slot for exposing the surface of the work to be recessed, the templet having shiftable gauge pins 3 extending transversely of the slot and adjustable in a direction lengthwise of the slot to vary the length of the slot, side gauges at one lengthwise edge of the templet to engage the work and inset the templet with one side wall of the slot a given distance? from? Saidiedge'rof the-work; adjustable side stops; as cam-gauges, on the under sideoi the templet and located to abut against the other lengthwise edge of the Work in accordance witlt; the thickness of the work, and endgauges at .op.- posite ends of the templet adjustable; endwise off the templet, the end gauges being located to nook over the top edge of the door to locate recesses to be routed out a given distance'fiorratlietop edge of the door. The extensionsof th'e fi ameand th l5 templet have means for interlocking when the templet is shifted to be locateda-givertdistance" from the top edge of the door. The body of the frame has similar means to interlock with the= templet when a recess for a third intermediate hingeia used:
l 1: designates the: Supporting frame, qandi'. l 2 thetemplet: The frarneul i'e-isnshown assprovided with brackets 53 extendingrlaterallyz'ficm'. the portioni i Mi thereof: and": when applied ito the :work, overlyin'gathewedge'zf ace of: the "door .D' and beingiprovided with means: as "pins" ori'nails' [4, -1Figures11' and =4," for being; driven into-the work to-temporari'ly hold the frame to the worlcthat is;1to:th'e edge' f ace of doc- 101 the. con-' fronting, edgeface-oh the door'frame; THESE pins'are' shown asvcarriedby: plungersl-l 5 tslida-bty mounted in guides M5 on the brackets. 13;-the1 plungers l E haVingheads-d l :by means of which the plungers; can-be: actuatedto press: thespins 05 I l into soft wood, orsstruck by'a hammerz to driverthe pins into hard wood: Means; Figure 4, iszprorvide'd for the 'witlidrawal of the pins-and: as: here' shown;- pry' levers" l Stare pivoted at. l 9: to the bracket [3 and engage under the heads I 1 when the levers i 8 are: lifted about their pivots inorder: to pry up: the plungersl5 'and--;-hence pull out the pins It.
'I'hehcdyl:iA1-ofithe--frame-1 l *is herershowni'as tubular and provided with extensions or rodss-Zlwhich :slida'blyi :tel-escopeinto bpposite ends: of i the body and extend parallel to the do'or but offset therefrom when the: instrument is: applied" to the door or door frame. Each extension-has a scale as consecutiveimembers: 25; one of which is v-isiblethrough azpeepi-hele-fiz, Figures land :7, thererbeing;a-peen holeat each endof the body HA.v Each "of-these extensions has meansas a pin 23 at a right angle thereto forming part :of meansr'for coupling orinterlock-ing-the templ'et thereto: Each-of theswextensionsis; as shown. inFigurefl; a split ro'd -having transverse-notches 24 therein lceateddn accordance-with-the num bersi-of :the scale 25.\ The notches 24 'are" for receiving a latch spring 26 anchored to each 60 bracket: 13= at [3A, Figured; and/entering or snapping into :the-notchesz-Z4-through:aslot 241%: lathe adjacent-bracket l3 alined with one-off the=notches-2h when aselectedmumben ofthe scale. 25 alined with .the peep-hole: 2 2.
Theftempletf iaprovided with size gauges; as a (pair of pins '39:.- extending transversely- -there'of and: extending through holes'32 inupright side walls oithetempletwhich is-inthe general form ofa-shallow channel-in cross section, these holes 70 beingspaced apartin-aocordance with the'length. of thehingebutt; thatris; thehinge butts from 2- to 5 inches long. Thepins extend trans versely of opposite endsmf a slot 33in the-templet which, when x the templ'et is-z-in position on the 75 work, exposes the edge face of the work to be routed out. The pins 30 are located to adjust the length of the recess to be routed out. These pins 30 are here shown as slotted, or split, Figure 5, at one end in order that the split end mayr'be campressed andzfrictionallyl-held in the holes. whern the. pins aresset imposition.
The templet is also provided with side gauges 35 pivoted at 36 to one of the lengthwise edges of the templet and shiftable to gauge or hook over onetieng'thwis'e-edge of the door and thus cause thesldti33fto be inset at 31 a standard fixed distance from s'aid'lengthwise edge so that the recessstto izbe routedxwill be also inset. I'he oppesite edge ofi the recess opens through the 0pposite lengthwise edge of the door or work.
The-templet-i-isealso provided with end gauges 38', there being an end gauge 38 at each end o f the templet. Each end gauge comprises a spindle or stem which extends lengthwise of the templet's and: is: provided With: a; flat; rabbeted, ho'ok -shapedshead t flat its-outer end-foriheokingi cverrthe top, edge :of the doom-when the instru-: ment "isset for routing'outw the recess towardsthe upper :end 1 of thedoor, and the--other= end-stop beingrlocatedto abut against .the horizontaladeorframe-member at-the -topofthe--door framewvhen the supporting frame I! istinverted andaappliedto theflcor frame and the templet is 1 shiftedwin position to locate the recess-to beroutedout to"- ward thetopend ot-the dooriframe; The hookv shaped outer end seas of such rthicknesa aswto provide'a uniform clearance: between the upperend of; the door? and thedoorn-framei. Eachend: gaugettis ;-here shown as slidabl-y mounted Lina bearing-4B ateach-endof the' templet and is also-rotatably mounted. It.-isi held in'=-its.-adjus-tedposition :by-aalatch-lever .41 Figures -12 and 3;mounted-on-eaeh endoftheternplet and springa pressed tosenter-oneof-aseries oi? transverse notcheswzw in thestem of theendlgauge 38a: givingrtheend gauge 38saslight'turn thernotches. are shifted out of engagement with therlatch. lever,;., ands the latch-lever rides on. the=-full iperiphery "of the stem of therend gauge 33- so:.-that" the endgauge can beislid'axia-lly to:any,--desired positiontorlocation and then turned-baebso that'the latch-lever M snaps into-the al-ined notcln The :position of. each endgaugeiswdeterrnined py? a; scale on the.- endi-ga-uge 38 which designates: the-notches A, El -G, -etc.- These-designationaarer considered -in -connectionwith. a. table, to be hereinafterlexplained,on the face: of the templetv iorsettinggthe endgaugein a selected.--position-.. The .bearingsdii, l ligurestl and --3,- areform"ed insertson casting-s 43+ located: in *thBf-OhQ-IllllrfOlw mation of the template-l 2 between rtheside-walls; of the. channel formatiomandon the:bottom wall of the -formationebeyend the -:ends of: the. slot- 33: in the bottomwall .of the templet-I 2: Each :latch spring Al is anchored at one-end at 46 to-the adv iacentninsert 43 To adjust each: endgauge-38, the endtgauge 3fieissrotated'intits :bearing; Mic-so that the notches.42 ride .out-fromundenthe latch spring at; The end. gauge iswthen=pulled'outwor: pushedeinruntil the :desiredJetten-A, B, C, etc.,,is;- visible just beyond 'the end of the: templ-et l 2;: and then the end gauge turnediuntil asnotch'M is alined. with the latchspring M :sothat-the latch spring'snapsintothe-notch Each-:templet [I 24s: provided with means tatemporar-ily secure-the. templet -l2-to:the.--door. As-herershown; this: means comprisesr-pi-nsion n ails 4-?:= secured to rvertiically; movable: slideswor: plunger-s 4 81 s-lidablarin:
guides-formed in arbracket" wrprovided-tinkeazcli plunger is formed with a. The
similar to the pins or nails l4, plunger I5, and its head I? and pry lever 18 for the securing means on the brackets l3 of the body i IA of the supporting frame H.
The templet is also provided with calibrations designated generally 5|, and with cam gauge levers 52 pivoted at 53 to the under side of the templet and held in their adjusted pivotal positions by nuts, as wing nuts 54A, exposed on the face of the templet, the wing nuts threading on the pivots 53 and serving to clamp the cam gauge lever 52 in its set or adjusted position. The calibrations are used to adjust the cam gauge levers to the width of the door, and the cam levers 52, when set, engage the face of the door through which the recess opens when routed out. The head 39 of one of the end gauges overhangs the top edge of the door. The head 39 of the other end gauge 38 abuts against the top member of the door frame when the supported frame is inverted end for end and also the templet inverted end for end, and the supporting frame and the templet applied to the door frame.
The brackets I3 of the body HA of the frame are provided on the under sides thereof with cam lever gauges 52A pivoted at 53A to the bracket I3, one cam lever for each bracket, the cam lever gauges 52A coacting with the edge of the door frame to space the body HA of the supporting frame a given distance from the edge of the door frame in accordance with the thickness of the door. The cam lever gauges 52A coact with calibrations on the under sides of the bracket l3, similar to the calibrations 5|, Figure 6, and are clamped in their adjusted position by wing nuts 54A, Figure l. The cam levers 52, 52A are used when the outer upright face of the door is to be located not flush or depressed relative to the edge face of the door frame.
The frame II and its extensions 2| and the templet I2 are provided with means which inter lock and thus locate the templet when the end gauges 38 and other gauges are set, the means here shown being the pins 23 on the extensions 2| at a right angle to the extensions, and a similar pin 23A, Figures 1, 4, 7 and 9, on the tubular body HA of the frame and laterally extending slots 55 in ears 55 extending laterally from one of the side edges of the templet midway between the ends thereof. The pin 23A is located midway between the ends of the tubular body l IA. Thus, with the size pins set in a desired position and the end gauges 38 and also the gauges set, the extensions 2! can be set so that the pins 23 thereof enter the slots 55. The recesses can then be routed out one by one, the templet shifted from one end of the work to the other end, as indicated in dotted lines, Figure 1, and another recess routed out and then the templet can be shifted so that it interlocks with the pin 23A of the body HA, and the central recess routed out. Of course, the templet may be shifted to rout out the recesses in any other order.
In locating the hinge butt recesses to be routed out in the door frame, the assembled instrument is reversed, Figure 9, or inverted end for end, and the templet located at the upper end of the in verted supporting frame I I and applied and temporarily' secured to the door frame F, or jamb,
' with the same setting of the gauges as when the instrument was applied to the door. If the last recess of the door routed out was the recess for the lower hinge, the templet !2 will be at the top end of the door frame, or jamb, when the in strument is inverted. If not, the templet is located at the upper end of the extension 2| of the supporting frame I I. The head 39 of the now uppermost end gauge 38 will abut against the top horizontal member F of the door frame. The instrument is now pressed flat against the door frame and temporarily secured to the door frame by driving in the pins or nails 42 of the templet, and then the pins or nails it of the supporting frame. As the instrument is pressed flat on the door frame, the end gauges 38 automatically rock about the axis of its stem as the angular head 39 thereof presses against the door frame. Likewise the templet gauges 35 rock about their axes and the corresponding gauges 35A at the ends of the brackets l3 are pressed out of operating position.
If the door stop S is not installed when the hinge butt recesses are being located, the cam gauges 52 of the templet and the corresponding gauges 52A on the lower sides of the brackets 13 of the body HA of the supporting frame are set in accordance with the thickness of the door. If the door stop is installed, it is not necessary to use the cam gauges to determine the width of the recess from the inset wall thereof to where it opens through the opposite side edge of the door jamb. Usually the door is hung so that when closed, the inner face-of the closed door is not flush with, but is depressed slightly below, the inner edge face of the door jamb. The cam gauges 52, 52A, are set to effect this depression.
To guide the workman in setting the instrument, a table T is provided on the bottom of the channel formation of the templet 12, Figure 5, the table applicable for 6 8" doors being here partly illustrated.
In operation, the gauge pins 30 are located in a pair of holes 32 to space them far enough apart to gauge the slot 33 as to its length in accordance with the length of the recess to be cut for the hinge butt. The end gauges 38 are then adjusted as, for instance, for hinges to be spaced 5 /2 inches from the top and the bottom hinge 9 1 inches from the bottom so that the letter B of the scale of the end gauge 38 is visible just beyond the end surface of the template through which the gauge 38 slides in accordance with the numbers in the first and second rows of the table T. The extensions 2| are adjusted so that the numbers 8-43 appear in the peepholes 22 of the body HA of the supporting frame, as indicated in the third column of the table T. The fourth column indicates the letters, as the letters B-B to which the end gauges 36 are to be set. The gauges of the templet are so set when there are three hinges to be applied to the door and the door frame and this setting locates the intermediate hinge half way between the top and bottom hinges. However, in case two hinges-that is, the top and bottom hinges only are to be installed, the setting is the same except that the end gauges are set in position to locate the top and bottom hinges at the specified distances from the top and bottom edges of the door. As the distance from the bottom edge of the door from the bottom hinge may be different from when three hinges are to be installed, the extension 2!, toward the bottom end of the door, is not necessarily set with the same number in the peephole 2,2 as the top extension 2!, but is set in a position that can readily be computed
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