US 2670570 A
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March 2, 1954 M s, GNMZDA 2,670,570
DOLL WIG Filed Oct. l5, 1951 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 2, 1.954
f UNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFICE DOLL WIG Morris S. Gnaizda, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application October 15, 1951, Serial No. 251,266
This invention relates to a novel Wig arrangement. More particularly, the present invention relates to a novel wig for dolls and the like.
The presently known wigs for dolls consist generally of the type in which hair, either human or imitation, is sewn onto a skull piece, usually cloth, and the cloth is then glued to the doll head. A somewhat natural appearance is obtained by this method of making wigs and, although the general appearance of this type of Wig is pleasing, the Wig itself has not been found to be long lasting for use on dolls by children who subject these dolls to various phases of play simulating human action.
For instance, it is desirable for doll wigs to be washed. However, the presently known doll wigs cannot be subjected to water since this results in the skull piece loosening due to the effect of the water on the glue holding the skull piece in place. Combing of the wig is desirable since this practice simulates an actual human trait and creates in the child a desire for personal neatness. However, continued combing of the hair of an ordinary wig too soon results in the hair being bodily pulled out of the skull piece or the skull piece becoming dislodged from the doll head entirely.
It is one of the objects of the present invention, therefore, to provide a novel wig whereby washing and combing of the wig may be accomplished Without fear of damaging or ruining the wig.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a foundation piece for the wig in which the hair of the wig is suitably embedded so that the wig may be used to effect human characteristics.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide means in which the Wig is held securely in place without gluing.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide groups of strand-like material which are embedded in a foundation, the strand-like material presenting the appearance of human hair.
Other objects and the nature and advantages of the instant invention will be apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a doll head employing the wig described in the instant application;
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a doll head with sections cut away showing the strands of material extending through the doll head and being fastened together;
Fig. 3 is a detail view of the stitch used in arily used in making doll heads is suflicient for' l 1 Claim. (Cl. I6-172) securing the strands of material together; and
Fig. 4 is a view taken along section 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Referring to Fig. 1 of the drawings, a doll head l0 is shown with a wig Il in place on the doll head as it is employed in the finished fabrication of the doll. The doll head illustrated is of a flexible material; however, any material customuse with the present invention. The Wig may be fashioned from any material that is capable of being formed into hair-like strands, since the strand-like material has the quality of presenting a genuine appearance of hair. In addition, it is desirable that the wig not only be waterresistant but that it be long-Wearing and capable of resisting vigorous handling. Although other materials are suitable, the present invention employs a plastic yarn. Specifically, the plastic yarn used is Saran, a copolymer of vinylidene chloride. Saran is preferred since it also has the characteristics of being flameproofand can be extruded into any color or size.
The wig is fabricated by inserting the strands of material through the doll head. Instead of a glue or other adhesive substance generally employed in securing the hair to a clothpiece or skull base, the present invention utilizes a novel stitch by which the strands of material are firmly interlocked. Y Using such a method to secure the strand-like material to the doll head not only has the advantage of being sanitary but is desirable from the fact that each strand of material is indi` vidually locked in place on the scalp of the doll. Hence, should some of the material be forced loose from the doll head through constant han-Q dling, the remainder of the wig would remain intact and not fall out. This is a vast improve# ment over presently known wigs since it hasA been the common experience to expect, if one or more hairs were accidently removed, that the others would immediately loosen and fall out.
The wig involved in the present invention is actually made up of individual groups of the strand-like Saran plastic material. Each group of strands is looped and the looped end inserted through a perforation in the skull of the doll head. The exposed portions of the groups of material constitute the wig. The looped ends of the groups of material are fastened together below the skull by some means, preferably a chainlike stitch, thus firmly securing the individual groups to the doll head. As the groups of strands are inserted into the doll head, the wig will take form and eventually will cover the entire doll head.
Referring to the drawings again, the practice employed in carrying out the present invention is shown particularly in Figs. 2, 3 and 4. One group of the strand-like material is shown at 20 and extends through a perforation 2l in the base 22 of the doll head. The group of strands 20 has a looped portion 23 projecting from the inside surface of the dell head l0, while an adjacent group of the strand-like'material, shown at 24, also projects through the base 22, as shown at 25. The looped portion gages the group of strands 2o in a chain-like stitch, shown in Figs. 2 and 3. A looped portion' 26 of the group of strands 24 en The wig as described herein also has the added feature of being free of any extraneous or foreign matter. This tends to promote cleanliness in the wig and, from a sanitary point of view, is most advantageous. Practically all of the presently known wigs employ glue or an adhesive to secure the wig to the doll head. However, the wig oftentimes slips ol the doll head, leaving the glue or adhesive exposed which, if contacted by a child, could lead to some ill effect. The present wig obvia-tes this possibility by dispensing entirely with outside adherent, relying on the novel stitching means for being secured to the doll head.
2l' of the next adjacent group oistrands Z8 in turn engages the group of strands 25. This procedure is followed throughout the surfacev ofY the doll head until the entire head is covered `,with the strand-like material. vEach succeeding group ofI strandseectively holds a preceding group of strands in place, thus eiecting the chain-like stitch. By rmly pulling on the free ends of the groups of the material, each group will be securely fastened in place. Utilizing the novel stitchwhich securely holds the strands of material in place on the doll head, a life-like effect isereated by the wig material which gives the appearance of genuine hair. The perforations in the doll head through. which the strands of material are inserted have the appearance of pores which also lend. a life-like appearance to the doll and tothe wig attached thereto.
Byl using the present invention, it is obvious that the strands of simulated hair as inserted into the doll head will not be dislodged even after extensive handling. Inasmuch as Water will not have a deleterious effect on the wig material, a child having a doll incorporating the present invention will be able to carry out the functions of washing and combing the dolls hair, thus simulating those functions practiced by humans.
Not only can the present wig be used for the purposes as described, that is with a doll, but it is alsopossible to utilize the lwig for millinery displays or general showroom displays, which requre mannequins.
Since the wig described herein resists pulling and tearing, itv would appear that it would be ideal to use a wig constructed in accordance with the present invention for practicing the art of hair dressing as taught by beauticians and hair dressers.
Hair pieces for use by humans is another possibility for the utilization of the present invention,l inasmuch as the wig has all the characteristics andappearances of human hair, that is, the wig may be washed and combed' without fear of endangering it.
From the foregoing description, it is obvious that the invention presents a wig that is a vast improvement over those that are now being used.
The wig involved herein may be washed, combed,
' curled or waved without endangering it or pull- ,K ing it free from the doll head, providing an instrument of play for children that can be utilized to cultivate both neatness and cleanliness,
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention and, therefore, the invention is not limited to what is shown in the drawings, and described in the specification but only as indicated in the appended claim.
What is claimed is:
In a doll, a hollow doll head having a base provided withI a plurality of perforations, groups of stranded material simulating human hair extending through said perforations and engaging one another in tight interlocking relationship, each of said groups of stranded material having a looped end and a. free end, the looped ends of the interlocking groups of stranded material extending along the inner surface of said base in a plane generally parallel therewith and forming a continuous chain of linked loops, and the free ends of said stranded material extending through said base generally perpendicular thereto and being securely locked therein by the interlocking looped ends, said free ends terminating above the surface of said base' in a manner to simulate genuine hair'.
MORRIS S. GNAIZDA.
References GitedA in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,627,511 Hopf May 3,127 2,253,635 Mann Aug. 26, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 17,013 Great Britain 1910
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