|Número de publicación||US2869245 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||20 Ene 1959|
|Fecha de presentación||2 Jul 1957|
|Fecha de prioridad||2 Jul 1957|
|Número de publicación||US 2869245 A, US 2869245A, US-A-2869245, US2869245 A, US2869245A|
|Inventores||Bork Hugo W|
|Cesionario original||Skil Corp|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (4), Citada por (13), Clasificaciones (5)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
Jan. 20, 1959 H. w. BORK HINGE BUTT LOCATING GAUGE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 2, 1957 INVENTOR.
Jan. 20, 1959 H. w. BCRK' v 2,869,245
I HINGE BUTT LOCATING \GAUGE Filed July 2, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent O HINGE BUTT LOCATING GAUGE Hugo W. Bork, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Skil Corporation, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Delaware Application July 2, 1957, Serial No. 669,635
9 Claims. (Cl. 33197) The present invention relates to a hinge butt locating gauge and more particularly to a template for locating complemental hinge butt recesses in doors and door frames.
Gauges or templates have been made and used heretofore for locating hinge butt recesses on doors and jambs so they may be routed out. In each instance the template had to be reversed, moved from one location to another on door or jamb, or separate rules or other measuring devices used to assist in locating the template.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a template that may be set up for standard door heights and hinges without the use of a rule or other measuring device.
' is of suflicient thickness to receive the jamb and nail pins' Another object is to provide a template that will locate complemental hinge butt recesses on door and jamb with the same end up and without adjustment, change or shifting of any part.
A further object is to provide a template that will locate complemental hinge butt recesses on door and jamb where either two or three hinges are required without change or shift in the template.
Further objects will be apparent from the detailed description which follows with reference to the drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a plan view of the complete template located on a door;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of the upper frame member of Fig. 1 with a portion of a side member broken away; Fig. 3 is a side view of the frame member of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a view on line 4-4 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the frame member of Fig. 2 showing the location of the template on a jamb;
Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of one of the spacing members between frames;
Fig. 7 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 7-7 of Fig. 5; and
.Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 7 but showing the position on a differently sized jamb.
In accomplishing the objects of this invention a template is provided for the standard door sizes of today which are universally 6 8" and 7 in height. Other heights are considered custom sizes and the present template may beruled for them if so desired. In the present modification three aligned frame members are used, each having router openings that are adjustable in size for the size of hinge to be used. The center frame member carries indicia means for locating frame spacing members according to the height of the door while the end or outer frame members have indicia means for locating their respective frames on the spacing members for the hinge butt size to locate the top hinge butt 7" from the top of the door and the bottom hinge'butt 11" from the bottom of the door when the top stop member is properly adjusted; When the height of the door and size of hinge butt is known the recesses are automatically fixed for todays standards.
With reference to the drawings, Fig. 1 shows one form 2,869,245 Patented Jan. 20, 1959 of the invention in place on a door 8. It includes three spaced frame members 10 held together by spacing members 12 and a top stop member 14. Each frame member has similar adjustable router openings, jamb pins and nailing pins, and will be broadly described with reference to Figs. 2-4. Frame 10 of Fig. 2 may consist of an elongated narrow side member 16 and a wider guide side member 18 spaced apart by channeled shaped end plate members 20 leaving the central portion open for router opening 22.
The side members have two series of oppositely disposed staggered guide pin openings 24 to receive hinge guide pins 26. The upper row of openings 24 are for 3", 4" or 5" hinge sizes while the lower row is for /2" variations in hinge sizes. As shown in Fig. 3, if the hinge size is.3", guide pins 26 will be inserted in hole 24 above the 3 in each series. The two guide pins 26 and side members will guide and limit a router for a 3 hinge butt recess. For a 5 /2" hinge, the pins would be inserted in the extreme bottom holes 24 of each series. An end member 28 is affixed to each end plate member 20 and to be described, to receive the spacing members, and to be held thereon rigidly without wobbling or turning.
The wider side member 18 extends below end plate member 20 and the narrow side member 16 to form a guide strip 19 that is laid alongside one edge of a door and has an inwardly turned upper lip 21 to space the hinge butt recess from that edge of the door.
End members 28 are apertured as at 30 (Fig. 4) to receive either spacing members 12 between frames or stop member 14 on either of the end frames.
To assemble the template as thus far described, it will be noted in Fig. 1 that the center frame member end plates 20 have door height indicia on them with gauge lines for standard doors of 6 8 and 7. A spacing member 12 is inserted through aperture 30 in end member 28 until it just matches the proper gauge line and is locked in place by a thumb screw 32. Preferably each spacing member 12 is dimpled as at 33 to receive thumb screw 32 in locking position for one size of door and as at 34 for the other, so the frame cannot twist or turn when properly locked. The two end frame members 20 are the upper end of the door. 'to be positioned on the edge-of a door.
now located through their apertures 30 over the spacinglast named frame members and similar thumb screws 32 located in their respective end members are tightened on the spacing members. Dimples 36 may be provided in the spacing members 12 for the various sizes of hinges to again provide positive locking against slippage or twisting.
In positioning the frame members on the spacing members 12, each frame member must have its wider guide side member in alignment so that the guide strips 19 may be aligned along one side of a door 8 (Fig. 1). The outer end plate members 21) of the two outer frame members 10 are marked for right hand or left hand doors as at 37 and 38 respectively. To determine whether the door to be hung is right or left handed, the worker faces the side of the door on which the hinge pins will be visi-. ble after the door is hung. If the hinges are on the workers left it is a left hand door, and if on his right it is a right hand door. Stop rod 14 is then inserted through an aperture 30 at the properly designated end of the template until it rests against or is associated with the nearest guide pin 26 and is of such a length that it will assure the worker that the upper edge of the top hinge will. be substantially 7" from the top of the door. This will space all frame members a predetermined distance from The template is now: ready Rod'14'has a flange or lip 40-that is adapted to fit over the upperedge of adoor. near the location of the upper hinge. The template, consisting of the three frame members 10, is laid along the edge of the door to be routed with guide strips 19 aligned and abutting the edge of the door that will be adjacent the door frame stop so that lip 21 will overlie that edge and prevent that portion from being routed.
Each end member 28 and its end plate member 20 of each frame member 10 is apertured as at 41 to slidably receive nailing pins 42 therein (Fig. 4). Preferably nailing pins 42 may have limiting members 44 thereon, spaced from the head of the pin, that contact end members 28 on being nailed to limit the depth that the head may be driven so they may easily be removed. Pins 42 may also have stop collar means 46 positioned on them so that they cannot fall out of apertures 41. properly positioned on the door edge, nailing pins 42 are driven into door 8 to temporarily hold the template in placefor routing. The router is then rested on the side members 18 and guide pins 26 of one of the frame members, adjusted for required depth of cut, and the proper hinge butt recess routed out between the side membersand guide pins 26.
If only two hinges are to be used, only the two outer frame members 10 are routed out while the center frame member is unused. With stop member 14 resting on its nearest guide pin 26, the indicia 35 on the end plate memher is so placed that the outer frame members are positioned for the proper hinge size relative to the size of door fixed by the center frame member.
Without. further adjustment or reversal, the template may be used for mortising the door jamb. Each frame member 10 has apertures 50 in series alignment when the template is properly assembled and a similar series of. alignment of apertures 52 in the end members 28 and plate members 20 from one end of the template to the other. In each of these apertures 50 and 52 a jamb pin 54 isslidably mounted. To prevent the pins 54 from dropping out of apertures 5052, they may have stop shoulders 56 formed thereon to cooperate with. a shoulder portion 57 of apertures 50-52. The upper ends of apertures 50-52 may be capped in any suitable manner as by caps 58 and a'spring 59 is interposed between each cap 58 and the inner end of each jamb pin 54 to yieldingly press the jamb pin outwardly from its aperture (Figs. 4, 8). The row of jamb pins 54 in their apertures 50 onthe aligned frames form a series of stop members for 1%" doors while the other row of pins (farthest from the edge of the jamb) form a series of jamb guide members for 1%," doors.
As shown in Figs. 5, 7 and 8, the template assembly is placed against the side of the jamb 60 to be mortised with. stop rod 14 flush against the head jamb (Fig. If the door to be hung is 1% thick the row of aperture 50 jamb pins are aligned against the face of jamb 60. If the door is 1 thick the row of aperture 50 pins are pressed inwardly into the frame members against the jamb 60 (Fig. 8) and the row of aperture 52 pins are aligned against the face of the jamb to guide the template into proper position and nailing pins 42 are nailed in to support the template in position. Because of the series arrangement of jamb pins they are alignable from frame member to frame member to guide the template or gauge to'its proper position on the jamb. Preferably lip 40 of stop member 14 is about A thick so that hinge butt recesses mortised in the door jamb will give the door that amount of clearance when the door is hung.
When mortising rabbeted exterior door frames or if door stops are already in place, narrow side members 16 of the frames 10 should be abutted flush against the rabbctted edge or stop. The thickness of. the narrow side member (preferably ,6 will give the proper clearance forthe door at this point.
When the'template is Other modifications. of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art and may be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the appended claims.
1. In a hinge butt locating gauge, a group of three spaced tool guiding frame members, each of said frame members having adjustable means for regulating the size of a hinge butt recess to be cut, spacing members connecting said frame members to hold said frame members in accurately spaced preselected relationship, and an adjustable top stop member including a lip and a rigid bar which, when in adjusted position, abuts the adjustable means of one of said outer frame members to space said frame members a predetermined distance from one end of said door.
2. In a hinge butt locating gauge, three spaced and aligned tool guiding frame members, each of said frame members having guide means on one side thereof alignable along the same edge of a door, adjustable means on each of said frame members for regulating the size of a hinge butt recess to be cut, spacing members extending between adjacent frame members to hold said frame members a preselected distance apart, gauge means on the center frame member for locating said center frame member on said spacing members according to the height of the door to be used, gauge means on the outer frame members for locating said outer frame members on said spacing members according to the size of hinge to be used, and a stop member including a lip and a stop rod which, when in adjusted position, abuts the adjustable means of one of said outer frame members to space said frame members a predetermined distance from one end of said door.
3. In a hinge butt locating gauge for door and jamb, a plurality of spaced and aligned frame members, spacing members extending between and adjustably connected to adjacent frame members, indicia means on said tool guiding frame members for locating said frame members on said spacing members a predetermined distance apart, jamb pin members yieldingly mounted on each of said frame members and alignable from frame member to frame member throughout the length of said gauge for a plurality of series of aligned jamb pin guide members arranged according to the thickness of door to be used, said jamb pin guide members normally extending below said frame members and any aligned series being pressable inwardly in the frame members along a door jamb to permit another series to be used for guide purposes.
4. In a hinge butt locating gauge, a plurality of spaced and aligned tool guiding frame members, spacing members extending between and adjustably connected to adjacent frame members, means on said frame members for locating said frame members on said spacing members a predetermined distance apart, a double series of jamb pin guide members yieldingly mounted on each of said frame members and normally extending therebelow, and each series being alignable from frame member to frame member on said gauge and pressable inwardly to selectively align one of the series of jamb pin guide members along a jamb.
5. In a butt hinge locating gauge andtool guide for doors and door jambs, a group of three tool guiding frame members for alignment in a row providing a center frame member and outer frame members, each of said frame members having means comprising a pair of elements extending across said frame members adjustable to conform to the length of a hinge butt recess so as to locate the center of length of said hinge, spacing members adjustably received in and extending between said frame members, means on said spacing members and on said center frame member to adjustthe gauge to suit standard door heights, means on said spacing members and on said outer frame members for locating saidouter frame members with respect to said center frame member to suit the length of hinge to'beused, and a stop member comprising a lip anda stop rod to be selectively mounted on either of said outer frame members to space said group of frame members at a predetermined position from one end of a door whereby the gauge may be used without resetting of the spacing between the three frame members for right or left-handed doors of the same height, the adjustment of said stop member being affected by abutment of the inner end of said stop rod with the means adjustable to conform to the length of a hinge butt recess located in the outer frame member.
6. The gauge of claim 5 in which the means on said spacing members and the means on said frame members to adjust the gauge to suit standard door heights and to suit the length of hinge to be used include accurately located depressions in the spacing members and projections on said frame members engageable in said depressions in said spacing members to accurately position said frame members on said spacing members.
7. A butt hinge gauge for use with a router to cut the recesses for hinge butts in the edges of doors and in the faces of door jambs, said gauge comprising a group of three tool guiding frame members each having a central tool guide opening, to be arranged in a row of two outer frame members and a center frame member, fixed guide means on one side of each said frame member to properly position said frame members against the edge of a door, each of said frame members being provided with adjustable tool guide means to center the tool guide opening and to regulate the length of hinge butt recess to be cut, spacing means between and adjustably connecting said frame members, means on the center frame member for locating and holding said center frame member on said spacing members according to the height of door who used, means on said outer frame members for locating and holding said outer frame members on said spacing members according to the length hinge to be used, a stop member including a lip and a stop rod to be selectively and adjustably mounted on either of said outer frame members to space said group of frame members a predetermined distance from one end of said door, said stop member, when in adjusted position, abutting the adjacent adjustable tool guide means.
8. The gauge of claim 7 including a double series of jamb pin guide members yieldingly mounted on each of said frame members and normally extending therebelow, and each series being alignable from frame member to frame member on said gauge and pressable inwardly to selectively align a selected one of the series of jamb pin guide members along a jamb.
9. A door and frame hinge butt locating gauge comprising a plurality of space aligned tool guiding members each having a tool guiding opening therein, spacing members connecting said tool guiding members, and adjustable guide pins extending across said tool guiding members for adjustably limiting and centering the tool guiding opening therein to suit a selected hinge length, and a stop member including a lip and a stop rod mountable on an end tool guiding member said stop rod abutting against said guide pin adjacent thereto to locate the tool guiding opening a predetermined distance from one end of said door for jamb.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 957,780 Leaver May 10, 1910 1,788,256 Sherwin Jan. 6, 1931 2,655,732 Morgan Oct. 20, 1953 2,660,803 Sacrey Dec. 1, 1953
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|US957780 *||15 Ene 1908||10 May 1910||James Marshall Leaver Jr||Gage.|
|US1788256 *||11 Feb 1929||6 Ene 1931||Richard Sherwin||Gauge pole|
|US2655732 *||13 Mar 1950||20 Oct 1953||Morgan Herbert T||Butt-gauging tool|
|US2660803 *||23 Ene 1952||1 Dic 1953||Brown Jr Caleb Candee||Templet and supporting frame for locating hinge butt recesses in doors and doorframes|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US2945520 *||30 Jun 1958||19 Jul 1960||Turn A Bore Equipment Company||Door and jamb mortising machine|
|US3150452 *||7 Sep 1962||29 Sep 1964||Paul Meuwissen Edwin||Jig|
|US3206861 *||26 Oct 1962||21 Sep 1965||Stanley Works||Mortise template assembly|
|US3221784 *||1 Ago 1963||7 Dic 1965||Arve Skollerud||Morticing jig|
|US3407853 *||27 Abr 1966||29 Oct 1968||Robert Bailey||Router guide|
|US3738013 *||20 Ago 1970||12 Jun 1973||Rockwell Mfg Co||Hinge butt template assembly|
|US4984613 *||29 Dic 1989||15 Ene 1991||Danny Szeto||Hinge mortise guide and cutter|
|US5029394 *||21 May 1990||9 Jul 1991||John Carey||Router template assembly for use in hanging different sized doors|
|US7752762||29 Mar 2007||13 Jul 2010||Black & Decker Inc.||Door strike and latch template|
|US20070283528 *||29 Mar 2007||13 Dic 2007||Mcdaniel Steven D||Door hinge template|
|US20080052999 *||29 Mar 2007||6 Mar 2008||Joseph Calvin King||Door strike and latch template|
|US20080142119 *||19 Dic 2006||19 Jun 2008||Ponce Felix C||Router guide for different width doors|
|US20080210338 *||6 Mar 2008||4 Sep 2008||Ponce Felix C||Router guide for different width doors and hinges|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||33/197, 144/27|