|Número de publicación||US2983071 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||9 May 1961|
|Fecha de presentación||13 Ene 1959|
|Fecha de prioridad||13 Ene 1959|
|Número de publicación||US 2983071 A, US 2983071A, US-A-2983071, US2983071 A, US2983071A|
|Cesionario original||Stewart Oliver|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (4), Citada por (42), Clasificaciones (7)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
y 1961 s. OLIVER 2,983,071
CONSTRUCTION ELEMENTS Filed Jan. 13, 1959 INVENTOR. STEWART OL/l/ER A TTORNE Y United States Patent CONSTRUCTION ELEMENTS Stewart Oliver, RD. 3, Rte. 31, Elizabeth, Pa.
Filed Jan. 13, 1959, Ser. No. 786,604
1 Claim. (Cl. 46-49) This invention relates to improvements in toys and more particularly to improvements in construction toys for use in the erection of toy buildings, bridges, towers, and the like.
The primary object of the invention is to provide improved forms of toy building elements which are adapted to be joined together with other elements and held in position by magnetic attract-ion to form the various structures as required by the toy being constructed.
Another object of the invention is to provide toy building elements which when assembled with other elements are capable of building various structures the parts of which will be held together in such a manner as to provide a simple, strong and durable construction which will be reliable in operation and not readily disassembled by jarring or otherwise.
Still another object of this invention is to provide structural element which when assembled will simulate in appearance the elements'used in the construction of actual buildings.
A still further object of the invention is to provide elements provided with magnetic means whereby to attract and hold the various other elements in selected relation as required by the toy being assembled.
These and other objects of my invention will appear from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a top plan view of girder elements associated in an assembled relation with parts of the girder element broken away;
Fig. 2 is a view in perspective of the connector element;- a
Fig. 3 is a view in side elevation of the connector element shown in Fig. 2; and
Fig. 4 is a section on the lines 4-4 of Fig. 1.
Referring specifically to the drawings in which like numerals are used to indicate similar parts throughout the various views, the toy building elements shown in the drawings and from which various models and structures may be erected comprise a plurality of girder elements 6 which may be made of a relatively thin strip of metal, plastic, or other suitable material. The girder elements are provided with a plurality of triangularly shaped perforations 7, spaced apart lengthwise of the strip and simulating the actual girder construction used in normal building practice.
The girder elements 6 are further provided with metallic end members 8 which are capable of being attracted magnetically and which are provided with a plurality of spaced apertures or through openings 9.
The connector elements or plates generally indicated at 10 comprise a shaped blank of permanently magnetized material provided with an enlarged central portion 11 and terminating in reduced end portions 12. The magnetic connector element 10 is further provided with a plurality of upstanding pins or studs 13 on one face thereof, and on its opposite face it is provided with a pair of upstanding pins or studs 14. Therefore, it is a relatively simple matter to assemble the girder elements and the connections in a variety of desired arrangements.
This is done by taking a girder element and aligning the openings in the end theerof with the upstanding pins or studs on the connector plate. The girder is then moved into position in close contact with the connector whereby magnetic attraction is set up between the girder and the plate to elfect the desired connection of the respective parts.
It will thus be seen that in this arrangement is accomplished both a mechanical and magnetic coupling between the respective parts. This procedure is repeated with the various other parts to produce the particular structure desired.
The connector plate 10- at its enlarged central portion 11 is provided on its reverse side with studs extending from each enlarged portion. The girder end elements mounted on the rear side of the connector plate are capable of attachment by the stud provided in the enlarged central portion of the connector element, extending through either of the openings provided in the girder end. When it is so desired only one of the openings in the girder element need be engaged with a corresponding stud on the front side of the connector plate.
Thus it will be seen with a construction toy of this type that various type connectors may be made to permit the assembly of dilferent types of structures.
It is not intended that the invention be limited to the construction shown in the drawings but is capable of variation and modifications within the scope of the following claim.
In a structural toy including a plurality of simulated structural girder elements and girder connector plates, the combination comprising a substantially rectangular connector plate formed of permanently magnetized material and provided with an enlarged central portion, a pair of upstanding pins positioned in spaced relation on one face of said connector plate adjacent one end thereof and a second pair of upstanding pins positioned on the same face of said connector plate adjacent the opposite end thereof, a pair of upstanding pins on the opposite face of said connector plate, each pin of said pair on said opposite face of said connector plate positioned respectively on each outwardly extended portion of said enlarged central portion, girder elements including an elongated body portion and an end member, said end members each being formed of a magnetically attractive material, and means defining a plurality of openings in each girder end member adapted to receive selected upstanding pins on said connector plate therethrough whereby to align said girder with said connector plate and to magnetically secure said girder to said connector plate in said aligned position.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,433,273 Graves Oct. 24, 1922 FOREIGN PATENTS 3,646 Great Britain 1913 20,642 Denmark Oct. 1, 1915 914,352 France June 17, 1946 Patented May 9, 1961
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US1433273 *||9 Mar 1921||24 Oct 1922||Graves Henry W||Structural toy|
|DK20642A *||Título no disponible|
|FR914352A *||Título no disponible|
|GB191303646A *||Título no disponible|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US3196579 *||30 Nov 1962||27 Jul 1965||Beli Finanz G M B H||Magnetic building elements with protective means|
|US3415554 *||17 Oct 1966||10 Dic 1968||Unistrut Corp||Structural joint assembly and connectors therefor|
|US3512324 *||22 Abr 1968||19 May 1970||Reed Lola L||Portable sectional floor|
|US4214409 *||28 Oct 1977||29 Jul 1980||Van Huffel Tube Corporation||Space frame constuction|
|US6093079 *||27 Jul 1999||25 Jul 2000||House; William P.||Toy vehicle track|
|US6846216||1 Ago 2003||25 Ene 2005||Steve H. Balanchi||Magnetic construction toy|
|US7066778 *||26 Nov 2002||27 Jun 2006||Mega Bloks International S.A.R.L.||Construction kit|
|US7234986||15 Oct 2004||26 Jun 2007||Mega Brands America, Inc.||Magnetic construction kit with wheel-like components|
|US7255624||14 Oct 2005||14 Ago 2007||Mega Brands America, Inc.||Illuminated, three-dimensional modules for a magnetic toy construction kit|
|US7273404||15 Oct 2004||25 Sep 2007||Mega Brands America, Inc.||Magnetic construction modules for creating three-dimensional assemblies|
|US7322873||18 Oct 2005||29 Ene 2008||Mega Brands America, Inc.||Illuminated, three-dimensional modules with coaxial magnetic connectors for a toy construction kit|
|US7364487||13 Oct 2005||29 Abr 2008||Cranium, Inc.||Structure building toy|
|US7530549 *||29 Ene 2007||12 May 2009||Hansen Tracy C||Articulating balcony railing system|
|US7731558 *||15 Ago 2007||8 Jun 2010||Jon Capriola||Illuminated toy building structures|
|US7833078||8 May 2006||16 Nov 2010||Mega Brands International S.A.R.L., Luxembourg, Zug Branch||Construction kit|
|US7955155||8 Jul 2008||7 Jun 2011||Mega Brands International||Magnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements|
|US8292687||27 Abr 2011||23 Oct 2012||Mega Brands International||Magnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements|
|US8303366||27 Abr 2011||6 Nov 2012||Mega Brands International||Magnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements|
|US8371894||3 Feb 2012||12 Feb 2013||LaRose Industries, LLC||Illuminated toy construction kit|
|US8475225||25 Oct 2010||2 Jul 2013||Mega Brands International||Construction kit|
|US8529311||1 Oct 2012||10 Sep 2013||Mega Brands International||Magnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements|
|US20050026535 *||1 Ago 2003||3 Feb 2005||Balanchi Steve H.||Magnetic construction toy|
|US20050118925 *||26 Nov 2002||2 Jun 2005||Michael Kretzschmar||Construction kit|
|US20050155308 *||15 Oct 2004||21 Jul 2005||Kowalski Charles J.||Magnetic construction modules for creating three-dimensional assemblies|
|US20050159074 *||15 Oct 2004||21 Jul 2005||Kowalski Charles J.||Magnetic construction kit with wheel-like components|
|US20050159076 *||15 Oct 2004||21 Jul 2005||Kowalski Charles J.||Magnetic construction module with interchangeable magnet holders|
|US20060084300 *||14 Oct 2005||20 Abr 2006||Kowalski Charles J||Magnetic construction kit adapted for use with construction blocks|
|US20060131989 *||14 Oct 2005||22 Jun 2006||Parvis Daftari||Illuminated, three-dimensional modules for a magnetic toy construction kit|
|US20060134978 *||18 Oct 2005||22 Jun 2006||Rosen Lawrence I||Illuminated, three-dimensional modules with coaxial magnetic connectors for a toy construction kit|
|US20060135033 *||13 Oct 2005||22 Jun 2006||Ross Evans||Structure building toy|
|US20060137270 *||9 Dic 2005||29 Jun 2006||Parvis Daftari||Magnetic toy construction modules with side-mounted magnets|
|US20060179778 *||9 Dic 2005||17 Ago 2006||Kowalski Charles J||Magnetic toy construction modules with corner-adjacent magnets|
|US20060205316 *||8 May 2006||14 Sep 2006||Michael Kretzschmar||Construction kit|
|US20080200090 *||21 Feb 2007||21 Ago 2008||Balanchi Steven H||Magnetic construction toy|
|US20090015361 *||8 Jul 2008||15 Ene 2009||Mega Brands International||Magnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements|
|US20090047863 *||15 Ago 2007||19 Feb 2009||Jon Capriola||Illuminated Toy Building Structures|
|US20090093182 *||5 Oct 2007||9 Abr 2009||Cranium, Inc.||Structure building toy|
|US20100056013 *||27 Ago 2008||4 Mar 2010||Matthew Lamport Kaplan||Magnetic Toy Construction Piece and Set|
|US20110039473 *||25 Oct 2010||17 Feb 2011||Mega Brands International, S.A.R.L., Luxembourg, Zug Branch||Construction Kit|
|US20110201247 *||27 Abr 2011||18 Ago 2011||Mega Brands International, S.A.R.L., Luxembourg, Zug Branch||Magnetic And Electronic Toy Construction Systems And Elements|
|DE1158426B *||18 Ene 1962||28 Nov 1963||W Lepper Dr Ing||Magnetische Bauspielelemente|
|DE3910304A1 *||30 Mar 1989||4 Oct 1990||Otto Kraenzler||Construction kit consisting of structural elements and couplings|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||446/92, 403/173, 403/174|
|Clasificación internacional||A63H33/04, A63H33/10|