|Número de publicación||US3101717 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||27 Ago 1963|
|Fecha de presentación||24 Jun 1960|
|Fecha de prioridad||24 Jun 1960|
|Número de publicación||US 3101717 A, US 3101717A, US-A-3101717, US3101717 A, US3101717A|
|Cesionario original||Bernard Korman|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (6), Citada por (40), Clasificaciones (10)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
Aug. 27, 1963 B. KORMAN ORNAMENTAL BREAST 0UP AND METHOD OF MAKING Filed June 24, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Aug. 27, 1963 B. KORMAN ORNAMENTAL BREAST CUP AND METHOD OF MAKING Filed June 24, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 0 WK w w m a United States Patent 3,101,717 ORNAMENTAL BREAST CUPAND METHOD OF G Bernard Korman, 34--35 76th St., Jackson Heights, N-Y. Filed June 24, 1960, Sen. No. 38,552 8 Claims. (Cl. 128-463) The' present invention is concerned with bust covering garments, including brassieres, corselettcs, girdles and the like.
It is among the objects of the invention to provide for brassieres and other bust covering garments breast cups which are highly ornamental in appearance in affording appliqu finish commonly connoting a costly handmade garment, but yet may be made by machinery at low cost and to methods of producing the same.
According to the invention each breast cup is made of preferably two or, if desired, of more than two complementary flat segments of fabric. On each of the originally flat complementary segments, there is adhesively afiixed one or more o-rnamentally shaped overlays of thin fabric, such as satin. In one desirable embodiment the cup-rimforming region of each of the originally flat complementary segments of fabric has adhesively aflixed thereto a strip of thin border covering fabric which presents an ornamental curvilinear outline at some distance from the cup-n'rn-forming portion. Desirably there may be also affixed to the flat complementary fabric segments at some distance from the ornamental border covering strips, small design motifs of fabric, similar to the border covering fabric and similarly adhesively aflixed.
in a preferred embodiment, the ornamental decorative overlays, such 'as the border covering strips and motifs are stamped from satin or the like and precoated on the rear face thereof with thermoplastic cement. These border covering strips and motifs are afliXed to the flat segments of the breast cup, desirably by the pressure and heat of an electric iron.
According to the invention, there is then stitched by sewing machine to each of the flat complementary segments, from which the cup is to be assembled, along the overlay, such as along the curvilinear outline of the border covering strip of satin or other material, and through the thickness of the flat segment of breast cup material, a length of gimp cord with its encompassing securing thread. A similar border of gimp cord is similarly stitched about the peripheries of the smaller motif elements of satin or other fabric that have also been =adhe-sively afiixed to the respective flat segments of the breast cup.
The structure of the breast cup segments in one embodiment is laminated, comprising an inner layer which may be of tricot, of cotton, rayon, nylon, silk, or the like, and an outer layer of satin, cotton, rayon, nylon, silk, or the like, there being an intervening thicker layer of compressible padding material which may be foam rubber, cotton or the like. Such intermediate padding sheet becomes compressed by tight machine stitching of the gimp, affording to the garment a decorative, tufted effect near the inner rim and within the peripheries respectively of the 'adhesively afiixed ornamental bonded, overlay strips and the small decorative design pieces of satin or the like. The two or more segments are then assembled to form the breast cup.
In another embodiment the structure of the breast cup comprises single-ply segments of tricot, such as the rear sheet of the laminated fabric of the first embodiment, and herethe single-ply tricot fabric is illustratively shown embroidered. In this embodiment ornamental border overlap strips of satin or the like and ornamental small motifs illustratively in the form of leaves, preferably of the same fabric, backed by thermoplastic cement,
2 are =afiixed to the flat segments of the breast cup in the same manner as in the first embodiment.
In the accompanying drawings in which are shown one or more of various possible embodiments of the several features of the invention, FIG. 1 is a plan view of complementary flat segments of fabric from which a breast cup is to be fabricated from laminated fabric, partly opened to show the inner padding layer, the outer layer of the breast cup segments and the ornamental overlay before it is applied, and illustratively showing on one segment a lace covering on the outer cover but under the over-lays.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view on an enlarged scale showing the preferred mode of applying the overlays to the laminated flat segments of fabric of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a plan view showing the completed segment of breast cup of FIGS. 1 and 2;
FIG. 4 is a perspective View on a larger scale of the applique cord and associated attaching thread as applied;
FIG. 5 is a perspective View of a complete brassiere embodying the cups of FIGS. 1-3;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing the inside of the completed breast cup;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view on a larger scale taken on line 77 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 8 shows another embodiment in manner similar to FIG. 1 comprising a single-ply breast cup segment shown embroidered;
FIG. 9 is a View similar to FIG. 3 of the embodiment of FIG. 8; and
FIG. 10 is a sectional view on a larger scale taken on line 10-10 of FIG. 9.
Referring now to the drawings, there is shown in FIGS. 1-7 an illustrative embodiment of the invention. Each breast cup in this embodiment is shown made up of a laminated initially flat segment or blank consisting of a backing sheet 11 of tricot and a outer sheet 12 each of any of satin, cotton, rayon, nylon, or the like, as desired, and an intervening padding layer 13 preferably of foam rubber, but if desired of other padding material, such as cotton. The lamination may be effected by pouring the foam rubber upon the tricot backing 11, and theouter cover 12 may be applied in any manner, as by stitching or cementing in place.
In the illustrative embodiment shown, the outer fabric 12 of satin or the like may have superposed thereon a thin lace fabric 14 connected in place by haste stitching 15 to the outer fabric before .the same is laminated to the padding covered tricot backing sheet.
In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1-7, the outer edge portions of the fiat segments have aflixed thereon ornamental overlay border covering strips 16, each with a curvilinear inner edge 16' spaced from that portion 16 of each flat segment which defines a rim portion'of the breast cup. Preferably the ornamental border covering strips 16 of decorative fabric are die-stamped from satin or other thin piece-goods, the back face of which has been pie-coated with a film 17 of thermoplastic cement composition. The thermoplastic composition desirably comprises cellulose ester applied as a film to the rear [face of the piece-goods from which the decorative strips or designs are stamped. Such thermoplastic cement may comprise cellulose nitrate and a thermoplastic resin compatible therewith, both dissolved'in solvent for uniform film deposition on the piece-goods. The solvent may be an alkyd resin, or the like, either plain or modified by fatty acid.
The ornamental border strips 16 are applied to the flat breast cup segments S and S by the pressure and heat of a hot sad-iron I, usually an electric iron, as
shown in FIG. *2, whereby the ornament-a1 border cover- 3 ing strip 16 becomes bonded to the flat fabric segments S1 and S2.
In addition, there may be applied to the center region of either or both of the fiat breast cup segments S and S smaller motifs such as a leaf motif l8, desirably of the same adhesive-backed satin or like fabric, which is used for the ornamental border overlays 16 and likewise bonded in place by resort to the bot electric iron.
Applique 26 is then attached along the inner curvilinear rim 16' of the border covering overlay strips 16 of satin or the like, and also about the peripheries of the smaller motifs 18 in the body of the flat breast cup segments S and S This applique is applied by a sewing machine and compresses a gimp cord 20 whichmay be of any desired thickness, say of to inch, by means of a stitch 21 of suitable thread as shown on larger scale in FIG. 4, each stitch embracing the gimp cord and penetrating the decorative adhesive-backed ornamental border overlay strip 16, the lace covered face fabric 11, the foam rubber or other padding 13, and the back face fabric 11, the stitch being drawn tight to cause the appliqu embroidery to compress the foam rubber or other padding at that region to such extent as to aiford a highly ornamental tufted effect, as best shown in FIG. 7 of the drawings.
After the breast cup segments have thus been completed, the complementary segments S and S are assembled. To this end the wedge-shaped edge 25 of segment S and edge 26 of segment S are juxtaposed, and by reason of the different conformations of adjacent edges 25 and 26, the cup shape results. Narrow tape 27 is applied over the border regions of the two juxtaposed edges along the inside of the cup and like tape 28 is similarly applied over the outer face of the juxtaposed edges, and both tapes are simultaneously stitched to the underlying segment edge portions by sewing machine stitching 29.
The breast cups thus assembled are then built into a brassiere in conventional manner. As illustratively shown for instance in FIG. 5, triangular webs 3d are stitched as at 31 to the lower rim portions of the two breast cups and stitched together at their adjoining ends at 32, desirably through connecting tape 33. Similarly, the rims of the upper halves of the breast cups have stitched thereto binding tape 34 which may be covered at the outer side with lace 35. To the outer side edges of the webbing are attached by stitching 37 the usual elastic back closing straps 38 for the bra-ssiere, and the brassiere may also have shoulder straps 39.
In the embodiment of 'FIGS. 8, 9 and 10, the two segments S and S of the breast cup are not of laminated construction, but each may be of a single ply of any desired material, such as satin, cotton, rayon, nylon, silk, or the like, illustnatively shown embroidered as at 40. Each segment prior to assembly, that is while flat, has superposed thereon and adhesively connected thereto, the decorative satin or other overlays, such as the border covering strips 41 and the leaf or other decorative motifs 42, each of which is blanked out from the piece-goods that had been pre-coated on its under face with thermoplastic cement. Each overlay stamping is applied to the fabric segment by a hot iron in the same manner as in FIG. 2. Finally, the applique of gimp 4-3 and thread is machine stitched to the curved edge 41 of the border strips and about the peripheries of the leaf or other small decorative motif 42. Finally the breast cups are assembled. To this end the adjoining edges of the two segments are superposed with the edge turned inward as at '45 and are stitched together as at 46 desirably through a tape 47 extending along the rear of the junction.
The cups are then assembled into the brassiere which may be constructed substantially as that shown in FIG. 5.
While the invention has been shown applied to a brassiere, it is also applicable to a corselette, a corset or other bust covering garment that has breast cups.
As many changes could be made in the above construction and method, and many apparently widely different embodiments of this invention could be made without departing from the scope of the claims, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or showing the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. The method of fabricating trom two complementary flat blanks of fabric, a breast cup for a bust covering garment, which comprises bonding to the outer face of each of the complementary flat blanks of fabric from which the breast cup is to be assembled, ornamental pieces of light fabric contrasting with the outer face of the fabric blanks and then affixing applique along the rims of said ornamental pieces by thread stitching gimp along the rims of said ornamental pieces which securely stitches the ornamental pieces to the respective blanks and then stitching the component fiat pieces to form the breast cup.
2. The method of producing a breast cup for a bust covering garment, which breast cup is composed of a pair of complementary initially flat blanks of fabric, which consists in applying by pressure and heat to the outer faces of the fiat fabric blanks, ornamental border strips of thin fabric, each border strip having an ornamental curvcd inner edge, each of said strips being preiiabricated with thermoplastic cement coating the under face thereof, to cover at least the border areas of said fiat blanks and after applying said strips as recited, applying along the cnrved inner edges of the border strips, applique consisting of lgimp and thread, with the thread penetrating, and securing the border strips to the respective blanks and then assembling the blanks to complete the breast cup.
3. The combination recited in claim 2 in which motifs of small ornamental pattern blanks with thermoplastic cement coating on the inner faces thereof are applied to the outer faces of the blank by pressuue and heat and the peripheries of said small pattern blank-s are stitched by applique in manner similar to the stitching of the border strips as recited in claim 2.
4. The combination recited in claim 3 in which the segments of the breast cups are single-ply with machine embroidery at the areas other than those covered by the ornamental gimp bordered adhesively mounted strips and motifs.
5. The method of producing a breast cup for a bust covering garment, which breast cup is composed of a pair of complementary, initially flat blanks of soft padding, having fabric coating the faces thereof, which consists in applying border strips of thin fabric, each border strip having an ornamentally curved inner edge, each of said strips being prefabricated with thermoplastic cement coating on the under surface thereof to cover at least the border areas of the outer fabnic of the blank, said border strips being affixed by pressure and heat, and applying applique along the curved inner edge of the border strips, said applique consisting of lgimp and thread with the thread penetrating and securing the edges of the border strips to the respective blanks, the thread penetrating the border strip, the outer fabric, the soit padding and the inner fabric, and then assembling the blanks to complete the breast cup.
6. A breast cup as a component for a bust covering garment, comprising complementary, initially flat segments of fabric, each segment having an ornamental border strip overlay of thin fabric superposed over and in bonded relation to the corresponding initially fiat segment, each of said border strips having an ornamental curvilinear edge, each segment having overlay motifs of small ornamental design patterns of thin fabric bonded thereto at a distance from the corresponding ornamental border strip, each overlay having an undercoating of thermoplastic cement constituting the bonding means and applique of cord and securing thread extending through the thickness of the segments and maintaining the peripheries of the overlay motifs of small designpatterns afiixed under compression to the respective segments of the cup, and applique of gimp cord and securing thread extending along said curvilinear edge and maintaining the gimp cord, (the segment and the border strip stitched together.
7. The combination recited in 6, in which each segment of the cup is laminated, comprising a padding layer, an inner and an outer cover layer of fiabric, the overlays are bonded to the outer cover layer and the applique stitching thread penetrates all three layers of each laminated blank.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,301,499 Amy ot Nov. 10, 1942 2,462,295 Wittenbeng Feb. 23, 1949 2,482,255 Floresheim Sept. 20, 1949 2,854,984 Rosenthal -2 Oct. 7, 1958 2,897,821 Lerner Aug. 4, 1959 3,021,845 Smith Feb. 20, 1962
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US2301499 *||30 Nov 1940||10 Nov 1942||Adjutor Amyot Louis Joseph||Breast molding foundation garment|
|US2462295 *||26 Oct 1945||22 Feb 1949||Jantzen Knitting Mills||Brassiere|
|US2482255 *||20 Mar 1947||20 Sep 1949||Kabo Inc||Brassiere|
|US2854984 *||16 Nov 1955||7 Oct 1958||Maiden Form Brassiere Co Inc||Brassiere|
|US2897821 *||21 Jul 1958||4 Ago 1959||Lerner Lovie E||Buoyant bathing brassiere|
|US3021845 *||1 May 1959||20 Feb 1962||Resista Corset Co||Body supporting garments|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US3981310 *||22 Ene 1975||21 Sep 1976||International Playtex, Inc.||Molded brassiere cups|
|US4073299 *||25 May 1977||14 Feb 1978||Shuhei Murata||Three-dimensional embroidered article and the method for the production of the same|
|US4319361 *||9 Nov 1979||16 Mar 1982||The Prince Group, Inc.||One step binding tape|
|US5154659 *||14 Dic 1990||13 Oct 1992||Gerald Gluckin||Method of making molded brassiere cup and side panel|
|US5755611 *||26 Dic 1996||26 May 1998||Noble; Cecil||Self-supporting breast cup|
|US6685534||31 Oct 2001||3 Feb 2004||Sara Lee Corporation||Adjustable circular knit bra with stabilizing areas and methods of making the same|
|US6837771||6 Feb 2001||4 Ene 2005||Playtex Apparel, Inc.||Undergarments made from multi-layered fabric laminate material|
|US7163432||7 Nov 2003||16 Ene 2007||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Adjustable circular knit bra with stabilizing areas and method of making the same|
|US7214120||19 Feb 2004||8 May 2007||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Brassiere having a spacer fabric and a method of making same|
|US7390239 *||26 Ene 2007||24 Jun 2008||Huei-Rong Huang||Three-dimension bra cup support structure|
|US7429205 *||18 Jun 2007||30 Sep 2008||Huei-Rong Huang||Bra cup support structure|
|US7556553 *||15 Jun 2005||7 Jul 2009||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Method for molding lofted material with laminated support layer and decorative panel and garment made|
|US7666059||13 Jun 2005||23 Feb 2010||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Method for molding lofted material with laminated support layer and garment made|
|US7682219||24 Nov 2004||23 Mar 2010||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Undergarments made from multi-layered fabric laminate material|
|US7690965||1 Jul 2003||6 Abr 2010||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Methods of making cotton blend glue brassieres|
|US7722432||17 Nov 2005||25 May 2010||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Method for molding lofted material with decorative support panel and garment made|
|US7727048 *||16 Mar 2007||1 Jun 2010||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Modesty foam pad and brassiere made|
|US7815488||1 Feb 2008||19 Oct 2010||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Brassiere cup and brassiere made therefrom|
|US7988526||23 Mar 2010||2 Ago 2011||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Modesty foam pad and brassiere made|
|US8113908||20 Jul 2000||14 Feb 2012||Dba Lux 1 Sarl||Stiffened brassiere|
|US8176572||17 Mar 2010||15 May 2012||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Method of forming a laminated fabric panty|
|US8235765||17 Mar 2010||7 Ago 2012||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Composite fabric laminate for making an undergarment|
|US8262434||5 Ene 2010||11 Sep 2012||BBI Branded Apparel Enterprises, LLC||Method of molding a breast-receiving cup for a garment|
|US20040106354 *||1 Jul 2003||3 Jun 2004||Sara Lee Corporation||Methods of making cotton blend glue brassieres|
|US20040110447 *||7 Nov 2003||10 Jun 2004||Sara L Corporation||Adjustable circular knit bra with stabilizing areas and method of making the same|
|US20040224603 *||19 Feb 2004||11 Nov 2004||Sara Lee Corporation||Brassiere having a spacer fabric and a method of making same|
|US20040242120 *||19 Feb 2004||2 Dic 2004||Sara Lee Corporation||Fusion undergarment|
|US20060025041 *||15 Jun 2005||2 Feb 2006||Sara Lee Corporation||Method for molding lofted material with laminated support layer and decorative panel and garment made|
|US20060052034 *||13 Jun 2005||9 Mar 2006||Sara Lee Corporation||Method for molding lofted material with laminated support layer and garment made|
|US20060094333 *||17 Nov 2005||4 May 2006||Sara Lee Corporation||Method for molding lofted material with decorative support panel and garment made|
|US20060099884 *||24 Nov 2004||11 May 2006||Playtex Apparel, Inc.||Undergarments made from multi-layered fabric laminate material|
|US20080000578 *||30 Jun 2006||3 Ene 2008||Shao-Tsung Wang||Method of producing breast cup having a pattern|
|US20080125012 *||16 Mar 2007||29 May 2008||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Modesty foam pad and brassiere made|
|US20090130953 *||1 Feb 2008||21 May 2009||Gransberry Leslie A||Brassiere cup and brassiere made therefrom|
|US20100227530 *||5 Ene 2010||9 Sep 2010||Gloria Falla||Method of Molding a Breast-Receiving Cup for A Garment|
|US20100233936 *||23 Mar 2010||16 Sep 2010||Leslie Gransberry||Modesty foam pad and brassiere made|
|US20100288434 *||17 Mar 2010||18 Nov 2010||Gloria Falla||Method of Forming a Laminated Fabric Panty|
|US20100297912 *||17 Mar 2010||25 Nov 2010||Gloria Falla||Composite fabric laminate for making an undergarment|
|US20160338423 *||12 Ene 2016||24 Nov 2016||Edelweiss Basics Gmbh & Co. Kg||Brassiere with a concealing element|
|DE1907550A1 *||14 Feb 1969||18 Sep 1969||Internat Inc||Geschichtetes Stretch-Material|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||450/39, 428/102, 450/92, D02/708, 2/274, 156/167|
|Clasificación internacional||A41C3/00, A41C3/10|