US 3202280 A
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Aug. 24, 1965 R. L. I ARSON CARD MOUNTED DISPLAY PACKAGE OF MERCHANDISE Filed Nov. 14, 1965 lllil- E7 INVENTOR ae a5 ATTORNEY United States Patent O 3,292,230 CARD MUNTED DlSPLAY PACKAGE (BF MERCHANDESE Robert L. Larson, Auburn, Mass., assigner to Parker Metal Goods Company, Worcester, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Filed Nov. 14, 1963, Ser. No. 323,661 1 Claim. (Cl. 20o-80) This invention pertains to a card mounted, visibly displayed, packaged merchandise and a method of making `the same.
It has been found desirable to mount various types of merchandise, such as small hardware, on a display card under a transparent lm which materially protects the goods from atmopsheric or chemical action as well as hinders surreptitious removal of the goods from the card. The public wishes to see what is being purchased, and it is advantageous in many cases to package on a single card various related goods, such as an electrical antenna switch and screws or other fasteners for mounting the same.
It was at first proposed to mount the goods on a card by means of a transparent thermo-plastic lm which is vdrawn down by a vacuum to envelop the goods and adhere directly to the card; but it has been found difficult to remove the goods from the card because of the close union between that iilm and the card. In many cases, the film ruptured badly in its application to the goods and card. For various reasons the percentage of rejects from the factory was very high. It was then proposed to mount suchimerchandise loosely within a transparent container, termed a blister, which is cemented marginally to the display card. In that case, the various shapes of the blister p on the display card.
A primary object of this invention is to overcome such disadvantages and problems and to provide a method of packaging various types of goods or merchandise including foods, hardware and other articles, whether multiple or single in number, and to secure the goods on a display card in such a manner that the goods are held lirmly in a iiXed position on the card and yet are not directly attached thereto.
Another object is to mount the goods initially within a frame and to coat both with a transparent thermoplastic sheet or lrn and thus form a removable sheet having an intaglio impression of the frame and goods, and thereafter removably attach the sheet marginally to a display card in such a manner that the goods are not directly attached to the card.
A further object is to provide an article of commerce in which a single piece of merchandise, or an assortment of related goods, is removably mounted on a display card by means of an elastic thermoplastic sheet molded as an intaglio onto the goods, but not onto the card, and wherein the sheet is attached marginally to the card and holds the goods therebetween. Further object will be apparent `in the following disclosure:
In accordance with this invention, an article of merchandise ora group of goods, is mounted on a temporary i ICC after, this yunit is removed from the backing and mounted marginally on a display card or other suitable mount with the article located between the sheet and the mount, but not adhering materially to the latter, so that it may be readily removed by tearing away the card from the sheet and stripping the latter away from the article.
Referring to the drawings illustrating one embodiment of the invention and a method of making the same:
FG. l is a perspective view of thecompleted article;
FIG. 2 is a section on the line 2 2 of FIG. l;
FIGS. 3 to 7 are diagrammatic views of the steps involved in manufacturing that product, in which:
FEG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective View partly in section of two frame molds mounted on a temporary pori ous backing and used for'locating the goods relative to their iinal display;
FlG. 4 is a similar fragmentary view of a single frame on its `backing and showing a thermoplastic sheet applied over the frame and the goods therein;
FIG. 5 is a transverse diagrammatic sectional View showing the application of radiant heat to a thermoplastic sheet over the goods;
FIG. 6 is a similar View showing the application of a momentary air pressure to lift the sheet free from the goods;
FlG. 7 is a similar view showing the subsequent application of a partial vacuum to draw the heated sheet into` close contact with the goods and backing; and
FlG. 8 is a fragmentary sectional view showing the transportable sheet enveloped goods stripped from the backing and indicating the partial envelopment of the goods by the sheet,
The preferred method of this invention comprises the steps of (a) providinga frame, or other locating means on a temporary porous backing in which merchandise is assembled;
(b) Covering the merchandise with a sheet of thermoplastic which is no-adherent to the backing;
(c) Subjecting the sheet to heat suicient to render it plastic;
(d) Applying a vacum to draw the sheet tightly into `contact with the goods and forming the sheet as an intaglio impression of the goods and contactable portions of the backing;
(e) Stripping from the backing the sheet `having the goods attached thereto; and
(f) Cementing a margin of a sheet to a display card so as to cover and protect the goods without directly attaching the goods to the card.
Referring iirst to FIG. 3, a raised frame it), and preferably a multiplicity thereof, which has a suitable con- `figuration is mounted on a temporary backing l1. This frame is shown as rectangular and it is formed preferably of a suitable metal such as aluminum, or other material that is inert to the heating stage and sheet. This frame is sized preferably to form a low walled pocket about 1A inch deep within which one or more of the articles of merchandise or goods are to be arranged, To avoid expense, the frame is preferably made in a standard size merchandise. This pocket frame 10 serves asta sump,
recess or container intended to locate the goods correctly relative to their iinal positions on the display mount. Hence, the goods locator may be formed as a be indicated by a suitable marking on the backing 11 However, the frame l@ is preferred, since .it results in the sheet being formed as `a strengthening frame Work.
vto the space 24. formlyy downwardly against the goods and the frame l 3 For the sake of economy and expeditious procedure, a plurality of these frames 1t) is mounted on a substantially rigid backing or board about 1 inch thick, which is made of porous material, such as a molded brous body or Masonite or other porous or a suitably perforated body from which the plastic sheet may be subsequently stripped. This merchandise locating frame 10 serves as a mold for forming a ridge or a hollow molded bead 12 of suitable dimensions (FIGS. 1 and 3), such as onequarter inch' wide and high, which serves primarly for strengthening purposes and secondarily as a picture frame molding for displaying the goods 13 on their final mount. This ridge is a strengthening structure which `aids in transportation and handling of the goods while they are still attached to the enveloping sheet, as will be described. The assembly of frames 10 are suitably at* tached to the backing 11, as by means of screws, and they are suitably positioned for the subsequent molding operations and the cutting stage. The goods may project above the frame, since the frame 1d serves merely for positioning the merchandise on the board 11.
Various types of apparatus are in use in the industry for making blisters and for skin packaging which are suitable for carrying out the procedure of this invention. Hence, the apparatus has been illustrated diagrammatical- .ly in the drawings and not suiiiciently for illustrating the new procedure. As shown in FIG. 4, a suitable thermoplastic sheet 14 is drawn from a roll l5 and suitably held in place over the assembly of the frames 10 on the backing 11 and the goods 13 thereon. The merchandise t3 is shown as a pair of screw hooks and their associated nuts, but many other articles may be thus displayed. After this sheeting 14 has been cut from the roll, and it held in position, it is then subjected to radiant heat from a suitable heat source, such as a series of electric light bulbs or a radiant resistant coil 1S. The temperature and duration of application of heat are regulated to render the sheet soft and pliable and cause it to fall down onto the frame and the goods. A rectangular clamping frame 20 has been brought down into contact with the marginal portions of the sheet around the goods, and this provides a seal around the several frames 10 or each individual frame. Where the frame engages the sheet, it forms margins Z2 which later serve for attaching the sheet to a display card. This frame 20 cooperates with the backing lill to contain air under pressure or a partial vacuum around the goods, as will be described.
The plastic sheet, depending upon the temperature conditions, may make an improper contact with some of the goods, and to avoid that condition an air blast is introduced into the chambers 2d beneath theV porous .plate 11, as is formed by a suitable bottom Z and side walls 26. The application of this air pressure through a pipe 27 for a few seconds serves to lift the sheet 14 while being heated and form an upward bulge 23 (FIG. 6) which frees the sheet 14 from contact with the goods. It is preferred to provide a series of holes 28 in the plate 11 beneath the frames )l0 so that the application of air under pressure and of a subsequent partial Avacuum will affect the lm sheet 1d close to the frame and so insure a close molding of the plastic'sheet .thereto, so that the intaglio frame work 12, simulating a picture frame, is well formed.
Then, as shown in FIG. 7, while the goods are mounted on the porous plate 11, and heat is still applied, a partial vacuum is applied through the pipe 27 This serves to draw the sheet uniand causes the formation of a hollow U-shaped or intaglio frame work 12 around the exposed top and sides of the rectangular frame t0. At the same time, the film sheet 14 is wrapped partially around the goods and drawn somewhat beneath the same as shown at 311 (FIG. S). Hence, the thermoplastic sheet 1d envelopes the goods i sufiiciently to hold them connected temporarily thereto. The portions 30 of the sheet 1.4i (FIGS. 7 and 8) are molded to the top of the backing 11.
After the vacuum stage, the assembled thermoplastic sheet and merchandise are removed from the heat and then quickly cooled. Then the sheet which partiallyencases the goods is stripped from the backing 11, and the assembly may be transported to suitable apparatus where it is cut up into several units which are to be mounted on display boards, PEG. 8 may be considered as an enlarged section similar to FlG. 2 but minus the isplay card 32 on which the sheet and goods are finally mounted. The ridge portion 12pt the framework of the sheet has been molded neatly by the metal frame 10. Since the plastic sheet, during the vacuum stage has been drawn downwardly around the article of merchandise 13 and locally into contact with the board 11, as is caused by the reduced pressure through the porous or perforated mounting board 11, the portions 29 of the lm sheet envelop the undersides of the merchandise to a material extent and thus hold the parts together, s0 that the unit of FIG. S is transportable as such and the goods are held in place during the stage of slicing or cutting the sheet 1d into smaller units as well as while the assembly is mounted on a display cardboard 32. However, the thermoplastic material is sufficiently flexible or elastic so that when desired is may be readily bent and stripped away from the goods or merchandise. t may also be noted that the ridge portions 12, simulating a picture frame, are guides for the cutting knives or die so that the sheet may be cut properly to provide the outstanding marginal ange-like portions 22. which will serve later for applying the assembly on a cardboard.
This application of the sheet 14 to a display board 32 is readily eifected by suitably cementing or otherwise attaching the rectangular margin 22 to the card. This is accomplished by a suitable procedure, which may involve coating a portion of the board 32 with a suitable adhesive such as a film formed of a solution of cellulose or acetate propionate. The board 32 may be made of suitable material such as paper, cardboard, wood, plastic or other strong material. Upon mounting the unit of FIG. 8 on the board 32., the two'parts may be stuck together by suitably heating the margin 22 to sof-ten the plastic material. Although portions of the sheet 14 Contact the board lll, as drawn down by the partial vacuum and so will similarly contact the mount 32, yet those portions are not cemented in place, but are free from the display mount 32 and thus are readily lifted away when the sealed margins Z2 have been freed.
For this skin wrapping of the goods, a sheet of plastic or bendable thermoplastic substance is selected which is capable of being molded onto the goods under a low, non-deleterious heat and partially enveloping and forming an intaglio impression of both the goods and the positioning frame. Various thermoplastic sheet or film materials may be employed for the purpose, such as cellulose acetate, cellulose butyrate, cellulose acetate butyrate and polymerized resins. But cellulose propionate is preferred. This substance flows at a temperature of 14 to 183 C. 1t is formed as a sheet of desired thickness, such as 0.007 to 0.025 inch, and the thickness is selected according to the requirements. Primarily, such sheets should form an intaglio impression of the merchandise without adhering tenaciously thereto, and it should have sufficient elasticity so that it may be subsequently bent and stripped from the merchandise, as well as its mount, when required. The various sheet materials are standard articles of commerce, and the various conditions of the process are to be con-V trolled as required by the substance employed. in the preferred procedure involving the use of a backing board 11 of about 30 inches square, an electric heating coil of 6000 units located about 2 inches from the thermoplastic cellulose propionate sheet provides sufiicient heat to soften the sheet in about one second per 0.001 inch of sheet thickness. Of course, the temperature, and the time of heating may be varied to modify the observed conditions. As an example, the heater may attain a temperature of 900 to 1100" F. and if located 3 to 4 inches from a thermoplastic sheet of cellulose acetate 0.01 inch thick will soften the latter suciently in about 5 seconds. Also, the air pressure (FIG. 6) and the partial vacuum (FIG. 7) as Well as the duration of the application are regulated to prevent disrupting the lilin sheet and to insure a close Wrapping of the goods but provide for the sheet to be subsequently stripped away. It will be understood that since the goods are not attached to the display card 32, there will be no problem in removing the goods. This is done merely by tearing the display card away from the margin 22 of the sheet material and then bending the latter enough to strip it away from the goods which it has encased. Since the thermoplastic sheet is Wrapped tightly around ythe top exposed surfaces of the merchandise and is preferably transparent, the appearance of the displayed article is such that the Would-be purchaser thinks he can touch the goods Without realizing there is an encasing lm. Many advantages Will be apparent in this construction.
l lt will be appreciated that the procedure involves assembling the article of merchandise on a temporary mount and then partially encasing the article in a thermoplastic sheet in such a manner that the two form a substantially single unit which may be stripped from the temporary mount and transported as such. The sheet is shaped to provide marginal or other portions substantially lying in a plane, which may be subsequently attached or otherwise applied to a display card on which the merchandise is to be mounted.
lt will now be evident that many changes may be made inthe procedure Within the scope of this invention and that the nal article may be modified depending on the nature and conguration of the merchandise Which is to be displayed.
It will now be understood that the above disclosure of a preferred embodiment of the invention is not to be interpreted as imposing limitations on the appended claim.
A display package comprising a flat cardboard support member, a plurality of articles to be displayed mounted on the board with spaces between the articles and a transparent thermoplastic film molded about each of the articles and conforming to the shapes thereof and partially encapsulating and fixing said articles in position, said lrn being in contact With but unattached to the support in said spaces, said film having a hollow molded bead extending continuously around the articles to provide stillness to the lm and support, a lateral ange extending outwardly from the bead, and an adhesive securing only the flange to the support.
References Cited bythe Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,861,404 11/58 Stratton 53-22 2,861,405 11/58 Hanford 53--22 2,874,836 2/ 59 Wertepny 206-78 2,945,586 7/ 60 Mackes 206--78 2,95 8,172 11/ 60 Branche 206-78 2,985,296 5/61 Kahn 206-78 2,993,590 7/ 61 Denton 20G-78 3,018,879 1/62 Crane 206`45.31 3,054,503 9/62 Hartman 206-78 3,075 ,329 l/ 63 Swezey 206-78 3,090,484 5 63 Scholl 206-80 3,095,084 6/63 White 206-83 3,095,677 7/63 Dreyfus 53-30 3,103,774 9/63 Wall 206-80 3,104,172 9/ 63 Wizelman 20d-78 3,134,210 5/64 Dreyfus 206-80 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,165,177 5/58 France.
THERON E. CONDON, Primary Examiner.
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