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Patentes

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Número de publicaciónUS3267622 A
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Fecha de publicación23 Ago 1966
Fecha de presentación19 Jun 1964
Fecha de prioridad19 Jun 1964
Número de publicaciónUS 3267622 A, US 3267622A, US-A-3267622, US3267622 A, US3267622A
InventoresLars Frostad
Cesionario originalRockwell Mfg Co
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet
Abrasive pad structure for portable sanding machine
US 3267622 A
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Descripción  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)

L. FROSTAD Aug. 23, 1966 ABRASIVE PAD STRUCTURE FOR PORTABLE SANDING MACHINE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 19, 1964 INVENTOR.

LARS FROSTAD ATTORNEY.

Aug. 23, 1966 L. FROSTAD 3,267,622

ABRASIVE PAD STRUCTURE FOR PORTABLE SANDING MACHINE Filed June 19, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG. 4

INVENTOR.

LARS FROSTAD ATTORNEY.

United States Patent ABRASIV E PAD STRUCTURE FOR PORTABLE SANDING MACHINE Lars Frostad, Syracuse, N .Y., assignor to Rockwell Manufacturing Company, Pittsburgh, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed June 19, 1964, Ser. No. 376,408 6 Claims. (Cl. 51-384) This invention relates to an abrasive sheet carrying pad structure for portable power-operated sanding machines.

The pads for such machines consist of a fiat base plate, usually provided with a resilient covering, such as felt, affixed to its under side, and sheet clamping structures at each end of the base plate for clamping the ends of an abrasive sheet overlying the felt covering to the end portions of the base plate.

The base plate of the pad is mounted on the frame of the machine for movement relative thereto in a horizontal direction. Motion transmitting means is provided for operatively connecting the base plate to a motor mounted on the frame to effect such movement of the pad. This movement may be reciprocating, or it may be orbital.

Sanding machines of this type are bodily manipulated by hand and are employed to effect the final finish on flat surfaces, such as table tops. Heretofore machines of this type have operated in the order of 3000 to 4000 cycles per second. It has been discovered that if the speed of the machine is increased to 10,000 cycles per minute, the sanding operation not only consumes less time, but a better finish on the workpiece is obtained. Such machines, because of their structural arrangement, tend to produce vibration and as the speed is increased, the vibration becomes more pronounced. This vibration adversely affects clamp structures heretofore employed for detachable clamping the ends of the abrasive sheet to the ends of the pad base plate, causing the clamps to release the abrasive sheet and causing excessive wear at the connections between the clamp and the base plate. Also, prior clamping structures embodied a plurality of parts, expensive to manufacture and attach to the pad structure and, in some instances, required the use of a tool to actuate the clamping mechanism.

This invention has as an object a sanding machine pad embodying a novel abrasive sheet clamping structure comprising one movable member of light weight and which is convenient to operate without the use of tools, and is ecnomical to manufacture and assemble.

The invention has as a further object an abrasive pad structure for portable sanding machines embodying an abrasive sheet engaging and clamping jaw which is selfaligning for effecting a tight clamping action on the abrasive sheet regardless of variations in thickness of the sheet in a direction transversely thereof.

The invention consists in the novel features and in the combinations and constructions hereinafter set forth and claimed.

In describing this invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawings in which like characters designate corresponding parts in all the views.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of the lower portion of a sanding machine equipped with an abrasive sheet carrying pad embodying my invention, and with a portion of the skirt of the machine frame broken away at each end of the frame, and with parts thereof in section.

FIGURE 2 is a view taken on line 2--2, FIGURE 1, with parts broken away at the left end of the view.

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 3-3, FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 4 is a view taken on line 4--4, FIGURE 3.

3,257,622 Patented August 23, 1966 FIGURE 5 is a partial end elevational view looking to the right, FIGURE 3.

Referring to FIGURE 1, 10 designates the frame of the machine which is substantially rectangular in general form and provided with a depending skirt flange 11. The pad includes a flat metallic base plate 12 also of complement-a1 rectangular form. The plate 12 is attached to the frame 10 of the machine in a manner to permit limited movement of the pad relative to the frame 10 in a plane parallel thereto. The machine shown is of the type wherein orbital movement is imparted to the pad. The pad is attached to the frame by a plurality of flexible posts 13, the upper ends of which are secured to the machine frame by screws 14, and the lower ends are secured to the base plate, as by screws 15. A motor is contained within a cylindrical housing 17 extending upwardly from the machine frame, and the motor shaft, indicated at 19, FIGURE 2, is operatively connected to the base plate .12 of the pad assembly by suitable motion transmitting mechanism indicated at 20, FIGURE 1.

This general arrangement of the sanding machine is of conventional form. An example of such a machine being disclosed in Patent No. 2,764,852, to Arthur N. Emmons, December 2, 1956. A yieldable covering 23, such as felt, is bonded to the under side of the base plate 12. An abrasive sheet overlies the felt covering 23, and the ends of the sheet are detachably clamped to the ends of the base plate 12.

This invention has to do particularly with the structure for clamping the ends of the abrasive sheet to the base plate. The base plate 1 2 is formed at each end with a pair of shoulders 26, 27, there being one of these shoulders contiguous to each side edge of the plate. The shoulders are spaced inwardly from the end edges of the plate 12 and are spaced apart laterally of the base plate and extend in a common plane.

As shown in FIGUR'ES 3 and 4, the shoulders 26, 27, are formed by an upstanding rib extending across the end of the base plate and being recessed, or relieved, as at 31, in the central portion. The end ribs 30 merge with side ribs 33 that extend along each side of the base plate and senve as rein-forcing ribs to prevent distortion of the plate. The skirt 11 of the frame is cut away at each end of the machine to provide an opening 35 to accommodate the abrasive sheet clamping structure mounted on each end of the plate 12.

The base plate 12 is formed at each end, medial of the side edges thereof, with an upstanding lug 37. The lug 37 is formed with a transversely extending aperture 39 to receive a pivot in 40 which extends laterally from each side of the lug and on which is mounted an abrasive sheet clamp. The base plate 12, including the lug 37, is economically produced by being die cast from a light metal, such as aluminum.

The clamp is economically pressed formed from a one-piece blank of light gauge sheet metal. The formed clamp has, at its lower end, an inwardly extending flange 41 forming a sheet engaging jaw portion which, in the assembled pad structure, is positioned forwardly of and in confronting relation to the shoulders 26, 27. The jaw 41 merges with an upwardly extending portion 43, the central part of which extends upwardly, as at 44, and merges with an upper portion 45 that is inclined outwardly to provide a handle portion for conveniently operating the clamp about the pivot pin 40. The medial portions 44, 45, of the clamp are bent inwardly at their top and side edges to provide reinforcing flanges 46, 47. The lower portion of the side flanges 47 extend inwardly a substantial distance to form ear portions 48. These ear portions 48 are formed with aligned apertures to receive the end portions of the pivot pins 40.

A torsion spring 49 is positioned on the pivot pin 40 intermediate each of the cars 48 and the confronting side of the lug 37. Like legs of the pair of springs 49 extend rearwardly from the pivot pin 40 and have their ends 50 positioned on a fixed support.

In the arrangement shown, the lug 37 is formed with rearwardly extending flanges 38. The upper edges of these flanges being contiguous to a horizontal plane passing through. the axis of the aperture 39 in the lug 37. The opposite legs of the springs extend upwardly and forwardly from the pivot pin 40, and their ends 51 engage the clamp members in an area located above the horizontal plane passing through the aperture 39. As shown in FIGURE 3, the ends 51 of these springlegs engage the inner surface of the clamp member in proximity to the joinder of the portions 44, 45. The springs 49 urge the clamp member about the pivot pin 40 to move the clamping jaw portion 41 against the end of the abrasive sheet 25 to compress the same against the shoulders 26, 27 of the base plate.

Referring to FIGURE 3, the aperture 39 is somewhat greater in diameter than the diameter of the pivot pin 40. This permits the pivot pin 40, and accordingly the jaw 41, to have limited angular movement relative to the plane in which the shoulders 26, 27, are located. This permissive movement of the pivot pin 40 permits the jaw 41 of the clamp to assume a position out of parallelism with the shoulders 26, 27, to firmly clamp the ends of the abrasive sheet 25 against the shoulders 26, 27, regardless of any variation in the thickness of the abrasive sheet in a direction transversely thereof.

The arrangement of the engagement of the ends 50, 51, of the legs of the springs 49 with the clamp member and the support 38, as above described, serves to prevent any relative movement between the clamp member and the base plate during the high speed operation of the machine. It will be observed, referring to FIGURE 3, that the height of the top edges of the support flanges 38 are such that the rearwardly extending legs of the springs urge the pivot pin 40 upwardly and forwardly in the aperture 39, which would not be the case if the ends 50 had engagement at the substantially low point. In the arrangement employed, the angle formed by the rearwardly extending legs of the spring and the forwardly extending legs does not exceed 120.

I have found that if this angle is increased, the pin 40 and the clamp member will, during high speed operation of the machine, reciprocate forwardly and rearwardly, rapidly enlarging the aperture 39, with the result that the pivot pin 40 will eventually cut its Way through the lug 37.

Preferably the springs 49 are wound from a single wire, the legs 50 being connected together as shown in FIG- URES 2 and 4. This spring formation aids in the assembly of the clamp structure. The intermediate portion connecting the legs 50 is positioned on the flange 38 in close proximity to the pivot pin 40. This increases the upward pressure on the pin 40 in the clamp member to prevent any play between the pin, clamp member, and lug 3'7.

The abrasive sheet 25 is applied to the machine by pressing the upper portion 45 on one of the clamp members inwardly, which effects outward movement of the clamp jaw 41 from the shoulders 26, 27. One end of the abrasive sheet is then inserted between the shoulders and the clamp jaw 41, and the clamp released. The torsion springs 49 yieldingly urge the jaw 41 inwardly to clamp the end of the abrasive sheet against the shoulders 26, 27. The abrasive sheet is then pulled over the felt cover 23 and the opposite end of the abrasive sheet 25 is clamped to the opposite end of the pad by operating in like manner the clamp at the opposite end of the pad.

What I claim is:

1. An abrasive sheet carrying pad for portable powen operated sanding machines including a fiat base plate formed at each end with a pair of upstanding shoulders, the shoulders of each pair being contiguous to the side edges of said plate, said shoulders being spaced apart transversely of the plate in a common plane and being spaced inwardly from the end edge thereof, said plate being formed with an upstanding lug contiguous to each pair of shoulders, a pivot pin carried by said lug, and an abrasive sheet clamp member mounted on said pivot pin and having an abrasive sheet engaging jaw portion extending transversely of the base plate outwardly of said shoulders, said jaw portion having a length comparable to the width of the base plate, a pair of torsion springs mounted on said pivot pin, said springs engaging said clamp to yieldingly move said jaw portion of the clamping member toward said shoulders for clamping the ends of an abrasive sheet thereagainst, said pivot pin having limited angular movement in said lug relative to the plane of said shoulders.

2. An abrasive sheet carrying pad for portable poweroperated sanding machines including a flat base plate formed at each end with a pair of upstanding shoulders, the shoulders of each pair being contiguous to the side edges of said plate, said shoulders being spaced apart transversely of the plate in a common plane and being spaced inwardly from the end edge thereof, said plate being formed at each end with an upstanding lug medial between the side edges of said base plate, a pivot pin carried by said lug and extending laterally from each side thereof, an abrasive sheet clamp having a sheet engaging jaw portion extending transversely of the base plate outwardly of said shoulders and having a length comparable to the width of the base plate, said clamp having a portion extending upwardly from said jaw and formed at its sides with rearwardly extending earportions spaced laterally from the sides of said lug, said ear portions being apertured to receive said pivot pin, a torsion spring positioned on said pivot pin intermediate each of said ears and said lug, said springs engaging said upwardly extending portion of said clamp and being operable to yieldingly move said clamp about the axis of said pivot pin to move said jaw portion toward said shoulders for clamping the ends of an abrasive sheet thereagainst, said pivot pin being mounted in said lug for limited annular movement in respect to the plane of said shoulders.

3. An abrasive sheet carrying pad for portable poweroperated sanding machines including a fiat base plate formed at each end with a pair of upstanding shoulders, the shoulders of each pair being contiguous to the side edges of said plate, said shoulders being spaced apart transversely of the plate in a common plane and being spaced inwardly from the end edge of the plate, said plate being formed contiguous to each pair of shoulders with an upstanding lug, a pivot pin carried by said lug and an abrasive sheet clamp member mounted on said pivot pin and having an abrasive sheet engaging jaw portion extending transversely of the base plate outwardly of said shoulders, said jaw portion having a length comparable to the width-of said base plate, a pair of torsion springs mounted on said pivot pin at opposite sides of said lug, each of said springs having one leg thereof extending forwardly and upwardly from said pivot pin and engaging said clamp member in an area above the horiontal plane passing through said pivot pin, the opposite leg of each of said pair of springs extending rearwardly from said pivot pin and engaging a support located contiguous to said horizontal plane.

4. An abrasive sheet carrying pad for portable poweroperated sanding machines including a flat base plate formed at each end with a pair of upstanding shoulders, the shoulders of each pair being contiguous to the side edges of said plate, said shoulders being spaced apart transversely of the plate in a common plane and being spaced inwardly from the end edge of the plate, said plate being formed contiguous to each pair of shoulders with an upstanding lug, a pivot pin carried by said lug and an abrasive sheet clamp member mounted on said pivot pin and having an abrasive sheet engaging jaw portion extending transversely of the base plate outwardly of said shoulders, said jaw portion having a length comparable to the width of said base plate, a pair of torsion springs mounted on said pivot pin at opposite sides of said lug, each of said springs having one leg thereof extending forwardly and upwardly from said pivot pin and engaging said clamp member in an area above the horizontal plane passing through said pivot pin, the opposite leg of each of said pair of springs extending rearwardly from said pivot pin and engaging a support located contiguous to said horizontal plane, and said pivot pin having limited angular movement in said lug relative to the plane of said shoulders.

5. An abrasive sheet carrying pad for portable poweroperated sanding machines including a fiat base plate formed at each end with a pair of upstanding shoulders, the shoulders of each pair being contiguous to the side edges of said plate, said shoulders being spaced apart transversely of the plate in a common plane and being spaced inwardly from the end edge of the plate, said plate being formed contiguous to each pair of shoulders with an upstanding lug, a pivot pin carried by said lug and an abrasive sheet clamp member mounted on said pivot pin and having an abrasive sheet engaging jaw portion extending transversely of the base plate outwardly of said shoulders, said jaw portion having a length comparable to the width of said base plate, a pair of torsion springs mounted on said pivot pin at opposite sides of said lug, each of said springs having one leg thereof extending forwardly and upwardly from said pivot pin and engaging said clamp member in an area above the horizontal plane passing through said pivot pin, the opposite leg of each of said pair of springs extending rearwardly from said pivot pin and engaging a support located contiguous to said horizontal plane, the legs of said springs forming an angle of not more than 120.

6. An abrasive sheet carrying pad structure as defined in claim 5, wherein said opposite legs of said springs engage said support in close proximity to said pivot pin.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 9/1950 Champayne 51387 3/1964 Kaufman 24253 X

Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US2521689 *3 Ene 194912 Sep 1950Champayne Roy JRubbing shoe
US3122802 *31 May 19623 Mar 1964Riverside DrivePaper clamping device
Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US3349523 *17 May 196531 Oct 1967Alma A HutchinsClip for sanding tool or the like
US3404493 *2 Sep 19658 Oct 1968Eugene E. ThomasAbrasive paper retaining clip
US4023312 *8 Sep 197517 May 1977Stickney Jon OGrill cleaning apparatus
US4225998 *20 Mar 19797 Oct 1980Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyDust mop frame
US4811449 *13 Oct 198714 Mar 1989Kabushiki Kaisha Hoky (Aka Hoky Corp.)Cleaner
US5183000 *18 Feb 19922 Feb 1993Burks Lonnie RMethod for cleaning boat hulls
US6887143 *27 Jun 20023 May 2005Robert Bosch GmbhSanding hand machine tool
Clasificaciones
Clasificación de EE.UU.451/516, 15/231
Clasificación internacionalB24B23/04, B24B23/00
Clasificación cooperativaB24B23/04
Clasificación europeaB24B23/04
Eventos legales
FechaCódigoEventoDescripción
28 Oct 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: PORTER-CABLE CORPORATION, YOUNG S CROSSING AT HIGH
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL CORPORATIN;REEL/FRAME:003922/0274
Effective date: 19811019