US 3331496 A
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y 1967 J.T. MARSDEN ETAL 3,
SKID PACKAGING SYSTEM 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 20. 1965 m Wm M; M B 0 A MMN m sw EE M A J July 18, 1967 I J. T. MARSDEN ETAL. 3,331,496
SKID PACKAGING SYSTEM Filed Sept. 20. 1965 2 ShetsSheet 2 INVENTORs JAMES T. MA$DEN EDWIN A. PAULS ATTORNEY5 United States Patent O 3,331,496 SKID PACKAGING SYSTEM James T. Marsden, Henrico County, Va., and Edwin A. Pauls, La Grange, Ill., assignors to Reynolds Metals Company, Richmond, Va., a corporation of Delaware Filed Sept. 20, 1965, Ser, No. 488,595 17 Claims. (Cl. 206-46) which may be conveniently assembled, which is resistant I to compressive forces for compacting the load, and which may be conveniently handled both when the load is banded to the remainder of the skid package and when the bands have been severed, as for example, to allow the removal of all or a part of the load.
In accordance with the invention the load is banded to the deck before the runners are fastened to the deck, thereby eliminating the need for transverse band-receiving slots in the runners and threading the bands therethrough. Further, by enabling the load and deck to be compressed before the runners are attached, the invention prevents the runners and their bonds to the deck from becoming damaged by such compression. Still further, the inventive system for attaching the runners to the deck enables the skid package to be easily handled even after the bands have been severed.
For a better understanding of the invention, and of its other details, objects, and advantages, reference is now made to the accompanying drawings, which show, for purposes of illustration only, present preferred embodiments of the invention. In the drawings:
FIGURES 1 to 4 are transverse views of a skid package according to the invention in various stages of its assembly;
FIGURE 5 is an elevation view of the complete skid package shown in FIGURE 4;
FIGURE 6 is a transverse view of a fastening plate which may be used in a skid package according to the invention; and
FIGURE 7 is a transverse exploded view of an alternate form of runner which may be used in a skid package according to the invention.
Referring initially to FIGURE 1, the load 10, which may be a stack of rectangular metal sheets or plates, is placed on solid deck 12 which may be made of plywood, composition board or the like, and is desirably the same size as load 10.
A conventional banding machine surrounds both load 10 and deck 12 with metal bands 14, tightens bands 14, and secures them with ties 15. See FIGURE 2. This banding operation does not require that the bands be threaded through holes or slots. On the contrary, the number and placing of the bands may be selected as best suited for the particular load. (As is known, crossbattens, a top covering, or shrouding may be provided prior to banding in order to further protect the load.)
With some loads, for example, paper and fibrous products and the like, it may be desired to compress the load prior to applying the bands, The present invention enables the press to act directly upon the upper surface of the load (or any protective covering thereon) and the lower 3,331,496 Patented July 18, 1967 surface of the deck, thereby compressing the two together. This eliminates the possibility of damage to the skid which can result from the press acting upon the runners of the completed skid, such as crushing the runners, deforming or breaking the deck where it does not abut the runners, or tearing the bond between the deck and the runners,
Glue 16, for example, a suitable quick-drying wood adhesive, is applied to the tops of runners 18, the bottom of deck 12, or both. Longitudinal bands 22 are then applied to surround the load and to fit within grooves 20 in runners 18, are tightened, and are secured with ties 23. Longitudinal bands 22 serve further to secure the load, to allow the skid packages to be moved from the gluing and longitudinal banding station immediately without disturbing the bond afforded by glue 16, and to provide additional forces for securing runners 18 to deck 12. After its removal from the gluing and banding station, the completed skid package, which is shown in FIG- URES 4 and 5, desirably is not subjected to further handling until glue 16 is allowed to set.
Longitudinal bands 22 remain on the completed skid package until it reaches its destination, in order to provide it with additional strength to withstand the relatively rigorous forces which are likely to be placed upon it during loading, transportation, unloading, etc. Once the skid package reaches its point of use, however, and transverse and longitudinal bands 14 and 22 severed, the skid package remains intact because deck 12 and runners 18 are glued together, and consequently may be conveniently handled with all or a portion of load 10 still on it or with load 10 entirely removed;
FIGURE 6 shows a fastening plate 26 with teeth 28 which may be used to further fasten runners 18 to deck 12. These plates 26, which are no wider than runners 18, are placed between runners 18 and deck 12 after glue 16 has been applied, The compressive force of bands 22, together with the weight of load 10, causes teeth 28 to bite into the top and bottom surfaces of runners 18 and deck 12, respectively, thereby providing resistance to shearing of the bond afforded by glue 16. Of course, care must be taken to avoid placing plates 26 beneath transverse bands 14.
As shown in FIGURE 7, the alternate form of runner 30 is composed of flat member 32 and member 34 having groove 36, which may be fastened, as for example, by gluing or nailing, to form a hollow runner, prior to the application of longitudinal bands 22. Alternatively, if threading of longitudinal bands 22 through the groove 36 is to be avoided, member 34 can be fastened to member 32 after member 32 has been glued and banded to deck 12.
The term bands as used herein is intended to refer not only to metal bands, but also to bands made of other materials or combinations thereof, and may include wires, straps, belts, and the like.
While present preferred embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, it will be understood that the invention may be otherwise variously embodied and practiced within the scope of the following claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A method of making a skid package comprising positioning a load against one surface of a deck, banding said load to said deck, and thereafter attaching runners to the opposite surface of said ldeck, so that portions of said bands are disposed between and are in simultaneous area contact with said runners and said deck.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein said load is compressed against said deck prior to said banding.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein said attaching includes gluing.
4. The method of claim 3 wherein said attaching includes compressing said runners against said deck.
5. The method of claim 4 wherein said attaching includes further banding of said runners to said deck and to said load.
6. A method of making a skid package comprising positioning a load against one surface of a deck of substantially the same size; surrounding said load with a plurality of transverse, spaced, parallel first bands; tightening and fastening said first bands, thereby securingly urging said load against said deck; applying glue to one surface of each of a plurality of runners; abutting said surface of said runners against said other side of said deck so that said first bands contact said surface of said runners in the plane of contact between said surface of said runners and said other surface of said deck; surrounding at least a portion of each said runner with a second band aligned therewith and substantially perpendicular to said first bands; and tightening and fastening said second bands, thereby securingly urging said runners against said deck.
7. A skid comprising a deck, runners in plane contact with said deck, and bands having portions disposed between and in simultaneous area contact with said deck and said runners at said plane.
8. The article of claim 7 wherein said runners are attached to said deck.
9. The article of claim 8 wherein said runners are glued to said deck.
10. The article of claim 8 wherein said runners are attached to said .deck by mechanical means disposed therebetween.
11. A skid package comprising a deck, a load resting on the top surface of said deck, bands tightly encompassing said load and said deck, and runners beneath said bands and attached to the bottom surface of said deck, whereby portions of said bands are disposed between and are in simultaneous area contact with said runners and said deck.
12. The article of claim 11 wherein said runners are glued to said deck.
13. The article of claim 11 wherein said runners are attached to said deck by mechanical means disposed therebetween.
14. The article of claim 11, wherein said runners contact said deck in a plane, and the portions of the bands contacting said runners lie in said plane.
15. The article of claim 11, wherein said runners are substantially perpendicular to said bands.
16. The article of claim 11, comprising further bands tightly encompassing said load and at least a portion of said runners.
17. The article of claim 16, wherein each said further band is substantially perpendicular to said first-mentioned bands, and is aligned with and encompasses at least a portion of one said runner.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,099,273 11/1937 Myer 2092 7 2,159,622 5/1939 Sanford 105369 7 2,503,240 4/1950 Cahners IDS-56 2,798,600 7/1957 OKonski 206'83.5 2,895,608 7/1959 Wilson 206-60 THERON E. CONDON, Primary Examiner.
T, DIXSON, JR., Examiner.
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