US 3450140 A
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June 17, 1969 E. M. s. vAll. 3,450,140
- HAIR AND scALP ALL-PuRPosE APPLICATOR Filed Nov. lO. 1966 y M JW United States Patent O 3 450 140 HAIR AND SCALP ALL-URPOSE APPLICATOR Ellen Marie Shannon Vail, Brooklyn, N.Y.
(708 Philadelphia Ave., Takoma Park, Md. 20012) Filed Nov. 10, 1966, Ser. No. 593,539 Int. CL A45d 1 9/ 02 U.S. Cl. 132-9 2 Claims ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates generally to applicators. More specifically it relates to lotion or cream applicating devices for use on the hair or scalp.
A principal object of the present invention is to provide a hair and scalp all-purpose applicator to use for applying various dyes or dressing to the -hair or various medications of cleansing devices to the scalp.
Another object is to provide a hair and scalp all purpose applicator which incorporates means to retain a quantity of hair or scalp application and apply the same by wiping action on the hair or scalp.
Yet another object is to provide a hair and scalp allpurpose applicator which will eliminate the messy process of manually daubing the applications by fabric or cotton pads held between fingers.
Still another object is to provide a hair and scalp allpurpose applicator which is designed for either commercial use in beauty salons or for individual use in the home.
Yet another object is to provide a hair and scalp allpur pose applicator which will apply a more even coating of application material in a relatively quicker space of time.
Other objects are to provide a hair and scalp all-purpose applicator which is simple in design, inexpensive to manufacture, rugged in construction, easy to use and eflicient in operation.
These and other objects will be readily evident upon a study of the following specification and the accompanying drawing wherein:
FIG. l is a perspecive view of one form invention;
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of a modified form of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary side elevation view partly in cross section, showing still another modified form of the invention, and
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective View of yet another form of the invention.
Referring now to the draw-ing in detail, and more particularly to FIG. 1 thereof, the reference numeral 10 represents a hair and scalp all-purpose applicator according to the present invention wherein there is a supporting frame 12 of scissor-like configuration, and comprised of a pair of elongated levers 14 centrally pivotable together by a pin 16. A inger receiving opening 18 is formed at one end of each lever to define a handle 20 at one end of the frame. At the opposite end of each lever, a Potable tapered shaft 22 is secured, each shaft having a sleeve 24 fitted thereupon. Each sleeve is made of a material such as sponge rubber, fabric or other of the present 3,450,140 Patented June 17, 1969 iCe porous substance so as to absorb and hold a quantity of liquid application, preferably, the shafts are of molded styrene and the sleeves serrated vinyl sponge.
In operative use, the end of the device having the sleeves 24 is dipped into a hair application to saturate the sleeves. Then the device is manually clamped over a quantity of hair 26 and pulled, thus causing the sleeves to roll over the hair drawn therebetween. During this rolling action, the application is thus deposited on the hair. To apply medication or the like to a scalp, the saturated sleeves are rubbed against the scalp after parting the hairs for access thereto.
In FIG. 2 a modified all purpose applicator 30 is shown wherein a rectangular liquid absorbent pad 32 is iitted over flat ends 34 of the fra-me levers 36, the pads being non-rotatable, thereby producing an increased frictional grasp of hair pas-sed between the pads and thus having an increased wiping action on the hair.
It is to be noted that the sleeves 24 and the pads 32 are removable and replaceable.
In FIG. 3 a modified all purpose applicator 40 is shown wherein the absorbent sleeves 42 are fitted over rotatable shafts 44 at the ends of the pivotable levers 46. In the present construction, a relatively small pinion 48 is secured to one of the shafts, and a relatively larger gear 50 is secured to the other shaft, thereby causing the sleeve 42A on the same shaft as the gear 50 to rotate slower than the sleeve 42B on the same shaft as the pinion 48. Thus there is a sliding action taking place between .the sleeve surfaces along their line of common contact. Accordingly, hair placed between the sleeves is caused to receive a wiping action by the slower moving sleeve 42A. A housing 52 placed around the pinion and a housing 54 placed around the gear will protect hair from becoming entangled in these toothed wheels.
-In FIG. 4 yetanother modified all purpose applicator y60 is shown which includes a sleeve 62 on rotatable shaft 64 and a sleeve l66 on 'a rotatable shaft 68. The shafts are each journalled in a bearing 70 at one end of each pivotable lever 72 and 74. A five toothed wheel 76 is rigidly -aliixed to shaft `68 and a four-toothed wheel 78 is rigidly aflixed to shaft 6.4. A leaf spring I80 having a notch or opening 82 therein, is Isecured .by screws 84 to one of the levers 72.
In operative use hair is drawn between the sleeves as -above described, causing the sleeves and their shafts to rotate. When one ofthe teeh 86 on the wheel 76 comes into engagment with opening .'82, the tooth engages therewith, thus locking 'the shaft and causing the sleeve 66 to frictionally slide against the hair to produce a wiping action. The other sleeve l62 continues to rotate as the hair is drawn between the sleeves. As one of the teeth 88 on the wheel 78 engages the surface of the leaf spring 80, it causes the leaf spring to deflect, thus causing the deflected spring to disengage tooth 86 from the opening '82. The sleeve 66 now again continues to rotate until a next tooth 86 engages the opening 82 and the process is repeated. The reason for the different number of teeth on rthe wheels 76 and 78 is so that the teeth of the wheels engage the leaf spring at different times generally.
While various changes may be made in Ithe detail construction, it is understood that such changes will be within the spirit and scope of the present invention as is defined by the appended claims.
1. In a hair and scalp all-purpose applicator, the combination of a frame comprised of a pair of elongated levers centrally pivoted together, a finger opening at one end of each lever to form a handle, and means at the other end of each lever for applying various liquid or cream applications to the scalp or hair, said means comprising a pair of rotatable shafts at the ends of each said respective levers, a pair of liquid absorbent sleeves secured to said respective shafts, a relatively small pinion affixed to 'one of said shafts, a relatively larger gear affixed to the other of said shafts and engaging with said pinion to provide a wiping action along a line of contact of said sleeves when the levers are pivoted into proximity and hair drawn through said sleeves.
2. In a hair and scalp all-purpose applicator, the cornbination of a frame comprised of a pair of elongated levers centrally pivoted together, a finger opening at one end of each lever to form a handle, and means at the other end of each lever for applying various liquid or cream applications to the scalp or hair, said means comprising a rotatable first shaft at the end of one of said levers, a rotatable second shaft at the end of the other of said levers, a liquid absorbent sleeve on each said shaft, a five tooth wheel affixed to the said first shaft, a four tooth wheel affixed to the said second shaft, a leaf spring secured to one of said levers, an opening in said leaf spring for engaging a tooth of said five tooth wheel, and the teeth of said four tooth wheel engaging the surface of said leaf spring to flex said spring and cause said ve tooth wheel to disengage with said leaf spring opening when the levers are pivoted into proximity and hair drawn through said sleeves.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 4/1955 Breeze 132-109 1/1958 Fouse 15-244
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