US 3609771 A
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Oct. 5, 1971 AVOY 3,609,771
PARTIALLY DISPOSABLE INFLATABLE BEDPAN Filed Oct. 27, 1969 INVENTQR. Donald R. Avoy K M ATTOfi Ys United States Patent 01 ice 3,609,771 Patented Oct. 5., 1971 3,609,771 PARTIALLY DISPOSABLE INFLATABLE BEDPAN Donald R. Avoy, 1012 Whiteoak Drive, San Jose, Calif. 95129 Filed Oct. 27, 1969, Ser. No. 869,494 Int. Cl. A61g 9/00 U.S. Cl. 4--113 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An inflatable partially disposable bedpan comprising a non-disposable inflatable U-shaped cushion and a disposable body waste receptacle removably secured within the extensions of the U-shaped cushion. The receptacle comprises, in addition to a waste bag, a perineal apron and an extended opposing flap or apron cover which, when laid on the top of the cushion, conforms to and protects the surface of the cushion from patient contact. The waste bag may be separated from the protection flap after use by breaking a perforation midway between the bag and apron cover, thereby permitting use and safe and sanitary disposal of the waste without moving the patient or contaminating the cushion.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Previously known bedpans include rigid steel and porcelain devices which have been found to be heavy, uncomfortable and diflicult to handle, especially after use. Those which are inflatable may or may not include a disposable portion. Those pans which do not include a disposable portion must be entirely disposable or they must be autoclaved which increases the cost of replacement or maintenance. Those pans which include disposable as well as reusable portions are often found to require less maintenance but still are found difiicult to use in that to dispose of the body wastes after use, the patient invariably must be moved in order to remove the body waste receptacle.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is a simple inflatable, partially disposable bedpan with features that protect the reusable parts from contaminating patient contact and which permits removal of the body waste receptacle without requiring the user to move or be moved from the pan.
In accordance with the invention, there is provided a U-shaped inflatable cushion and a receptacle for receiving and containing body wastes adapted to be removably secured between the extensions of the U-shaped cushion. The receptacle is provided with a waste bag, perineal apron and an opposing flap or apron cover which covers the surface of the cushion preventing patient contact. After use, the waste bag and perineal apron are separated from the protecting flap or apron cover by means of a pull-tab disposed at a point which is easily accessible between the patients legs, whereby the waste bag can be removed without unduly disturbing the patient.
These and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the drawings described as follows:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing the manner of use of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the receptacle portion of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the receptacle of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the cushion of the present invention; and
FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of the cushion of the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION In FIG. 1 there is shown in accordance with the present invention, a receptacle for receiving and containing body wastes indicated generally as 1.
Receptacle '1 is removably secured to a U-shaped cushion indicated generally as 2.
As shown in more detail in FIGS. 2 and 3, receptacle 1 comprises a body waste bag 3, having a top flap which is enlarged to form a perineal apron 4 and an enlarged bottom or opposing flap serving as an apron cover 5. Receptacle 1 may be made, for example, in the manner of a paper bag lined with a thin layer of plastic to provide strength and waterproofness. Apron cover 5 is appropriately shaped to conform to the surface of U-shaped cushion 2 and its extensions 14, as shown in more detail in FIGS. 4 and 5. The undersurface of apron cover 5 is provided with a suitable adhesive which will removably secure apron 5 to cushion 2. When secured to cushion 2, apron 5 protects cushion 2 from contaminating patient contact. Receptacle 1 is at least partially perforated along a margin 10 that defines the intersection of the front and top surfaces of cushion 2. A pull-tab 11 is provided near a point midway between the ends of the perforated section of receptacle 1 to facilitate separation of the waste bag 3 from apron cover 5.
In the preferred embodiment, cushion 2 is plastic or rubber and inflatable rather than being a stuffed cushion or the like. As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, cushion 2 is provided with an inflation tube 12 and a clamp 13. Tube 12 may be adapted by means not shown for use with any suitable gas system such as, for example, the compressed air and oxygen outlets which are widely available in hospitals. It will be apparent that warm or cool water might also serve a useful purpose and thus provide a desirable alternative means of inflation. The U-shaped or openended feature of cushion 2, unlike the conventional dough-nut shaped cushions, permits easy access for attendants.
In use, cushion 2, uninflated, is brought into contact with apron 5 of an unused receptacle 1 so that the adhesive undersurface of apron 5 adheres to cushion 2. It is apparent that other methods to removably secure apron cover 5 to the surface of cushion 2 may be used, such as, tie strings, not shown. In a deflated condition, cushion 2 and receptacle 1 are placed under the patient in the manner suggested by FIG. 1 and cushion 2 is inflated. The perineal apron 4 is placed over the anterior aspect of the patients pelvis to divert the urinary stream into the waste bag 3 as shown in FIG. 1. This also opens and maintains the patency of the bag. Before deflation, waste bag 3 and perineal apron 4 can be removed simply by an attendant pulling on tab 11 to sever bag 3 from apron cover 5. Cushion 2 may then be deflated and removed or left under the patient protected by apron cover 5 until a later possibly more desirable time. When cushion 2 is soughto be reused, the remaining apron cover 5 is stripped off and a fresh receptacle 1 is inserted in place as above described.
In accordance with the above description, I claim as my invention:
1. In a bedpan assembly using a U-shaped cushion as a user-supporting member, the improvement comprising: a bag for receiving and containing body Wastes removably secured between the extended arms of said U-shaped cushion; a protecting flap removably secured to and extending rearwardly from said bag towards said cushion and formed to overlay said cushion to protect said cushion when in use from body contact by a user thereof and means intermediate said bag and said flap for detaching after use, said bag from said flap for disposal thereof.
2. In a bedpan assembly according to claim 1, the improvement further comprising: margin between said bag and said flap and separating means attached to the upper part of said bag adjacent said margin for use in separating said bag from said flap along said margin.
3. In a bedpan assembly according to claim 1 wherein said margin comprises a line of partial perforations and said separating means comprises a pull tab.
4. In a bedpan assembly according to claim 3, the improvement further comprising: a perineal apron attached to the periphery of said bag opposite said flap, said perineal apron being adapted to be placed over the anterior aspect of the patients pelvis whereby said bag is opened and its patency maintained.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Gavin 4-113 Snyder 4l13 Sawyer 4113 Rode 4113 Coulter 5-337 Presseisen 4113 Coultcr 4113 Scott 4113 Oring et a1. 4-112 West 4113 HENRY K. ARTIS, Primary Examiner