US 3750428 A
Apparatus for washing, drying and fixing a textile web having endless, driven means for moving a textile web successively through washing, drying and fixing zones and wherein the web is partially dried prior to the drying zone by causing an airstream to pass through the web. Partial drying of the web is facilitated by vibrating the web and means is provided for recovering the washing solvent. Means is provided for condensing or preventing condensation of vaporized washing solvent depending upon whether the washing liquid is cold or hot, respectively.
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United States Patent n91 Bruckner 1 Aug.7, 1973 APPARATUS FOR WASHING, DRYING AND FIXING A TEXTILE WEB  Inventor: Kurt Bruckner, Michelstadt,
Germany  Assignee: Bruckner Apparatebau Michelsladt Gmbli, Erbach Odenwald, Germany 22 Filed: Mar. 29, 1971 211 Appl.No.: 129,027
 Foreign Application Priority Data Apr. 2, 1970 Germany P 20 15 752.2
3,469,423 9/1969 Fleissner 68/DIG. 5 3,518,848 7/1970 Becker 68/205 R X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 817,290 10/1951 Germany 15/307 148,881 11/1952 Australia 68/5 D OTHER PUBLlCATlONS The importance of Custom-Tailored Dyestuffs and Auxiliaries for the Thermosol Dyeing of Polyester and Polyester/Cotton Blends" by E. R. Schober American Dyestuff Reporter, May 25, 1964, pp. 418-420.
Primary Examiner-Wayne A. Morse, Jr. Assistant Examiner-Philip R. Coe Attorney-Learman & McCulloch [57 ABSTRACT Apparatus for washing, drying and fixing a textile web having endless, driven means for moving a textile web successively through washing, drying and fixing zones and wherein the web is partially dried prior to the dry-  References Cited ing zone by causing an airstream to pass through the UNTTED STATES PATENTS web. Partial drying of the web is facilitated by vibrating 270,992 1/1883 Snoeck 68/20 X the web and means is provided for recovering the wash- 2.296,897 9/1942 Billing et 68/205 R ing solvent. Means is provided for condensing or prelg; g fl zy 6 32 venting condensation of vaporized washing solvent derl sson a 3,158,886 12/1964 Grimes 68/18 c x gsgi'gg g i whether the washmg cold 3,292,397 12/1966 Wooliever 68/20 X 3,374,646 3/1968 Fleissner 68/DIG. 5 15 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PAIENTEDAUG mzs 3,750,428
sum 1 or 3 INVEN'IORI Y PATENIE MIR 7 I975 sum 2 or 3 INVENTORI- Educ/(M54 APPARATUS FOR WASHING, DRYING AND FIXING A TEXTILE WEB The invention concerns an apparatus for washing, drying and eventually subsequently fixing a textile web, particularly for use with an organic solvent washing liquid.
To be able to carry out the drying of a washed textile web with minimum possible heat consumption, it is known to run the textile web, after leaving the washing zone, through a squeezing means, by which a large part of the washing liquid still remaining in the textile web is mechanically squeezed out, before the drying is then finished in the drying zone by a hot air stream. Now there are, however, numerous delicate or voluminous (structured) textile fabrics which are not suited to run through such a squeezing means. Such fabrics hitherto were generally comparatively expensively dried by very large hot air driers.
The object of the present invention is to avoid these disadvantages, to develop an apparatus of the aforementioned type that will also faultlessly drydelicate or voluminous fabrics and has a small heat consumption and space requirement.
The object is realized according to the invention by a mesh belt carrying the textile web successively through the washing zone, the hot air drying zone and eventually a subsequent fixing zone and by at least one predrying device disposed before the hot air drying zone, said device removing the washing liquid from the textile web by meansof an air stream.
Supporting the textile web on a mesh belt allowed as experiments showed a very large part of the washing liquid held in the textile web to be removed from the web by means of a more or less powerful air stream. The air steam can be a suction or pressure air stream; its strength and direction may be adapted in a simple way for the web which is to be treated.
The invention is especially suited for apparatus in which an organic solvent (such as chlorinated hydrocarbons) is used as the washing liquid. Because of its relatively high specific gravity, the removal of the washing liquid from the textile web under the action of an air stream is considerably facilitated. The invention is not however limited, to apparatus using organic solvents as the washing liquid, but can also be advantageously applied to apparatus employing aqueous washing liquids.
According to a practical embodiment of the invention two tenter chains are provided to carry the textile web taut through the washing zone, the hot air drying zone and eventually a subsequent fixing zone. The tenter chains, in conjunction with the mesh belt carrying the textile web, ensure that in all treatment zones the web is exposed to the respective treating agent in use (liquid or hot air) evenly spread out and especially without rolled up edges. These and many further features of the invention will be apparent from the following description of two embodiments illustrated in the drawing, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a first embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a further embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a diagram of the washing zone of the apparatus of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic section through the washing zone of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary view similar to FIG. 3 and illustrating a modification;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged, transverse sectional view illustrating a suction cylinder over which the textile web passes; and
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a tenter v chain and needle carriers.
The apparatus shown in FIG. 1 serves for washing and drying a textile web. It essentially comprises one or more housings or enclosures including a washing zone 1, a predrying zone 2 serving for blowing out the washing liquid, a drying and shrinking zone 3, an airing zone 4 and a cooling or fixing zone 5.
The textile web 6 is laid in folds on an endless circulating mesh belt 7 and is carried by this mesh belt through openings or apertures 7a (FIG. 5) communicating with the aforementioned zones 1 to 5.
A number of spray tubes 8 are provided in the washing zone 1 which spray the washing liquid, for example an organic solvent or solvent mixture, onto the textile web 6. The washing liquid dripping from the web is collected in a container 9. A pump (not shown) serves to induce the necessary circulation of the washing liquid. There are further apparatus, not shown, for purification (distillation) of the washing liquid.
In the zone 2 a pressure air stream is directed onto the textile web 6 supported on the mesh belt 7 by a nozzle tube 10. In this way most of the washing liquid held in the textile web is forced downwards and is caught in a collecting container 11.
In the drying and shrinking zone 3 the textile web 6 is dried by circulating hot air, in the course of which the web can shrink. The washing liquid still present in the textileweb, particularly an organic solvent, evaporates to a very large extent in the zone 3. So that the circulating air does not become ever saturated with solvent, a certain part of the drying air is continuously sucked out and led for example through a condensation device, not shown, in which the solvent is recovered.
In the airing zone 4 the textile web is preferably subjected to a clean air stream, whereby the comparatively little solvent remaining in the web can be recovered by absorption. In the cooling zone 5 the textile web 6 is finally cooled to the necessary temperature for rolling up or stacking in zig-zag manner.
In the further embodiment shown in FIG. 2 the textile web 6 is carried by means of the mesh belt 7 successively through a washing zone 12, a drying zone 13, an airing zone 14, a fixing zone 15 and a cooling zone 16. The apparatus furthermore includes a pair of tenter chains 17, which engage the textile web 6 by its edges and holds it flat. These two tenter chains 17 are likewise led through all theaforementioned zones 12 to 16. The tenter chains 17 are provided for example with needle carriers, in which case the needles 17a and their moving washing liquid from the textile web by means of an air current. With individual washing units are associated separate collecting containers 20, 20a, 20b, each of which is connected with the previous spray device opposite the direction of movement of the textile web by a pump 21 or 22, respectively. The first collecting container 20 is connected by a pump 23 with a purification apparatus 24 which is connected by a pump 25 with the spray device 18b of the last washing unit. The atmosphere of the washing zone 12 is likewise connected with the purification apparatus 24 through a suction pump 26. In this way the'solvent vapour held in the sucked out air is removed. The purified air is led by a pump 27 to air stream devices 19, 19a, 19b.
The collecting containers 20, 20a, 20b for the washing liquid removed from the textile web 6 are situated between the upper and lower runs of mesh belt 7 and tenter chains 17.
Instead of the groups of pressure air nozzles situated above the textile web provided in this and the previous embodiment, groups of suction air nozzles 19', 19a and l9'b situated below the textile web can be provided (see FIG. To this end the textile web with the mesh belt and tenter chains can for example run over one or more suction cylinders. 6a (FIG. 6).
To be able to adapt the apparatus to the working width of the particular textile web 6 in use, the tenter chains 17 are mounted for adjustment toward and away from each other in a known manner, such as disclosed in US. Pat. No. 3,518,848. The mesh belt 7, the spray devices 18, 18a, 18b serving to supply the washing liquid, and the air stream devices 19, 19a, 19b providing for removal of the washing liquid are likewise adjustable in their working width in conformity with, and preferably together with, the tenter chains. FIG. 4 shows to this end telescopic tube-like masks 28 for the spray device 18, which can be slid to a greater or less extent over the spray device, according to the working width. Similar masks 28a are provided for the airstream devices.
If the washing liquid comprises a cold organic solvent at least some walls of the washing chamber, and preferably those walls disposed above the liquid collecting containers, are cooled by conventional cooling means to condense solvent vapour. In this way the proportion of solvent held in the sucked out air is reduced.
If, however, the washing liquid comprises a hot organic solvent, it is advantageous to heat at least some of the walls of the washing chamber by conventional heating means to prevent a condensation of solvent vapour in the washing chamber. In this way relatively cold condensed washing liquid is prevented from dripping onto the textile web.
To aid in removing the washing liquid from the textile web by an air stream a conventional vibrator 29 or similar device is provided to cause vibration of the mesh belt with the textile web carried thereon. The removal of the solvent from the textile web is also favoured by the relatively high specific gravity of the solvent.
In the embodiment schematically shown in FIG. 2 an airing zone 14 is interposed between the drying zone 13 and the fixing zone 15, in which the textile web 6 is subjected to a clean gas stream practically free of solvent. In this way it is prevented that the textile web still contains further solvent when entering the fixing zone, which, in view of the high temperature (mostly between 180 and 200 C.), could decompose there.
zone would have as a result an undesired dilution of the solvent containing atmosphere.
What we claim is: I
1. Apparatus for washing a textile web with an organic solvent washing liquid, and then drying and subsequently fixing said web, said apparatus comprising housing means forming successively a washing zone, a hot air drying zone, and afixing zone, and a mesh belt and tenter chains for carrying the textile web successively through each of said zones, said washing zone comprising a plurality of washing units disposed one after the other, each of said units being composed of a spray device for spraying the washing liquid onto the textile web, and means provided downstream from each spray device for establishing a downward air stream through said web to remove the washing liquid therefrom.
2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the tenter chains are provided with needle carriers for engaging the web. t 3. Apparatus according to claim 1 in which the tenter chains are adjustable toward and away from one another for adaption to the working width of the particular textile web in use, and wherein the means for establishing said airstream includes means for adjusting the working width of said airstream.
4. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein each of the means for establishing ssid sirstresm comprises nozzle means disposed above the textile web for directing air under pressure through a textile web supported on the mesh belt.
5. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein each of the means for establishing said sirstresm comprises nozzle means disposed below the textile web to create a suction air stream through the textile web supported on the mesh belt.
6. Apparatus according to claim 1 including collecting containers for each washing unit, esch down-stream container being connected by a pump with the adjacent upstream spray device.
7. Apparatus according to claim 6 wherein the collecting containers are disposed between the upper and lower runs of the mesh belt.
8. Apparatus according to claim 6 wherein the most upstream container is connected by a pump to the most downstream spray device.
9. Apparatus according to claim 1 including a condensstion device for reception of said airstresm to effect recovery of the solvent, and suction means for delivering said sirstresm to said condensation device.
10. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the washing liquid is cold.
11. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the washing liquid is hot.
12. Apparatus according to claim 1 including means i for vibrating the mesh belt.
and directed toward the interior of said chambers.
15. Apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that a suction cylinder carrying the mesh belt and textile web is disposed within the washing zone, in the region of the periphery of which suction cylinder washing liquid spray devices are provided.
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