|Número de publicación||US3760056 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||18 Sep 1973|
|Fecha de presentación||23 Sep 1970|
|Fecha de prioridad||23 Sep 1970|
|Número de publicación||US 3760056 A, US 3760056A, US-A-3760056, US3760056 A, US3760056A|
|Cesionario original||Bogert R|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (9), Otras citas (1), Citada por (132), Clasificaciones (30)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
[ 3,760,056 Sept. 18, 1973 METHOD FOR CUSTOM FITTING AN INFLATABLE BLADDER TO A WEARERS FOOT  Inventor: Marion F. Rudy, Northridge, Calif.
 Assignee: Robert C. Bogert, Woodland Hills Calif.
22 Filed: Sept. 23, 1970 21 Appl. No.1 74,791
 US. Cl. 264/299, 36/25 AL, 36/2.5 N, 36/71, 128/90, 128/382, 264/DIG. 30,
 Int. Cl..... B29c 27/20, B29c 17/00, A43b 7/20  Field of Search 264/36, 222, 223, 264/230, DIG. 30; 18/5.1, 19 S, 19 R, 45 R; 128/382, 402, 90; 3/20;- 36/71, 2.5 R, 2.5 N,
OTHER PUBLICATIONS Glasstone, Samuel, Textbook of Physical Chemistry,
Arron 128/382 X Van Hostrand, New York, 1946, page 442.
Primary Examiner-Donald J. Arnold Assistant Examiner-W. E. Hoag Attorney-Bernard Kriegel  ABSTRACT An improved method for custom fitting an inflatable bladder (e.g., for ski boots or the like) to a portion of a persons anatomy (e.g., a wearers foot). The inflatable bladder is made ofa suitable elastomer (e.g., ether base polyurethane) which may be heated, distended and then cooled to room temperature to set the bladder in the distended shape. A preferred embodiment of the improved method comprises placing the inflatable bladder on a wearers foot, placing the boot to be worn on the wearers foot over the bladder, heating the'bladder, inflating the bladder to a desired pressure to force the bladder into intimate contact with the wearers foot and cooling the bladder to room temperature to set it in its distended shape. The bladder, which now conforms to the contour of the wearer's foot, is deflated and the boot and bladder are removed. When the bladder is later re-inflated, it will custom fit the wearer's foot. 1
Preferably, the elastomer from which the bladder is made will return to its original shape when reheated.
Thus, the bladder may be reheated to restore it to its 7 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTED SEP 1 a ma' snarl or 2 INVEA/ TOE. MQQ/aA/LRUDM WIM/ irraeA/Ey PATENTED SEP! 8 I973 Sum a or z IA/vEA/roe Mae/01v 1: R00 y METHOD FOR CUSTOM FITTING AN INFLATABLE BLADDER TO A WEARER S FOOT The present invention relates to an improved method for custom fitting an inflatable article to an object. More particularly, this invention relates to an improved method for custom fitting an inflatable bladder (e.g., for footwear, helmets, shoulder pads, etc.) to a portion of a persons anatomy (e.g., a foot, head, shoulders, etc.)
Various types of inflatable bladders have been proposed for use in sporting boots and the like (e. g., skiing, hiking, skating, orthopoedic and military boots). One such inflatable bladder is disclosed in applicants copending U. S. Patent application Ser. No. 51,841, filed July 2, 1970, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,685,176, issued Aug. 22, 1972 entitled Inflatable Article of Footwear. The inflatable bladder disclosed in that application comprises a plurality of interconnected tubes and cavities geometrically designed to provide a firm, but comfortable, restraining force on a wearers foot. In use, the bladder prevents relative lateral movement of the foot within the boot while permitting limited fore and aft movement of the leg. The bladder is preferably made of a suitable elastomeric material, such as ether base polyurethane. 1
Inflatable footwear bladders (of the type disclosed in the aforesaid co-pending application, for example) are manufactured in various foot sizes, and each bladder is designed to conform to the contour of the average foot of that size. However, such a bladder will not fit as well on a foot whose contour varies significantly from the contour of an average foot of that size.
The method of the present invention is designed to provide an effective, yet inexpensive technique for custom fitting such inflatable bladders or the like to feet or'other objects having complex contours.
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, an inflatable bladder is custom fit to a particular foot in the following manner.
The bladder is first placed over the foot, and'the footwear (e. g., a ski boot) to be worn in conjunction with the bladder is placed on the foot over the bladder. The bladder is heated and then inflated to force it into intimate contact with the foot, the footwear exerting a constraining force on the bladder. Thereafter, the bladder is cooled, as to about room temperature, to set" the bladder in its distended shape, wherein it conforms to the contourof the foot. The bladder may then be deflated and the boot and bladder may be removed from the wearers foot. Whenever the bladder is placed on the wearers foot and inflated, it will closely conform to the exterior contour of the foot.
A relatively thin heating sock" (e. g., a sock havin electric heating elements therein) may be employed to heat the bladder before it is inflated. The sock is placed over the bladder before the boot is placed on the wearers foot and secured in closed position thereon. After the boot is donned, but before the bladder is inflated, the heating elements in the sock are energized to heat the bladder.
The steps of inflating and cooling the bladder may be performed simultaneously by employing a compressed gas (e. g., carbon dioxide) for inflating the bladder, which cools considerably in expanding into the bladder.
In use, the custom-fit bladder, when inflated, compensates for relatively severe variations in the size of the space between the wearers foot and the boot (caused, for example, by different sock thicknesses, swelling of the foot, etc.). Accordingly, a greater degree of pressure distribution control over the wearers foot is obtained when the custom-fit bladder is inflated and used.
The elastomeric material from which the bladder is made is preferably of a type which returns to its original size and shape when reheated. In other words, the bladder has heat shrink memory characteristics. Thus, the bladder may be custom fit to other feet by simply heating the bladder to restore it to its original shape and thereafter re-employing the method of the present invention.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following more detailed description of a preferred embodiment.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is an isometric view illustrating the manner in which an inflatable bladder for a ski boot or the like and a heating sock are placed on a wearers foot preparatory to custom fitting the bladder to the foot;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged section taken along the line 2 2 of FIG. 1, showing the valve structure for inflating the bladder;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section taken along the line 3 3 of FIG. 1, showing the relationship of the arch of the wearers foot, the inflatable bladder, the heating sock, and the boot before the bladder is inflated', 5
FIG. 4 is an isometric view of a heating sock which may be employed to heat the bladder;
FIG. 5 is a cross-section taken along the line 5 5 of FIG. 1, showing the relationship of the wearers foot, the inflatable bladder, the heating sock, and the boot just prior to the time the bladder is heated and inflated; and
FIG. 6 is a cross-section similar to FIG. 5, showing the relationship of the wearers foot, the inflatable bladder, the heating sock and the boot after the bladder has been inflated to force it into intimate contact with the wearers foot.
While the preferred embodiment of the present invention described below and illustrated in the drawings is directed to custom fitting an inflatable bladder for a ski boot or the like to a wearers foot, it is to be understood that the improved method of this invention has numerous other applications.
The inflatable bladder 10 shown in the drawings is the improved bladder which is the subject of the aforesaid 'copending U. S. Patent application Ser. No.
51,84l/It is to be understood, of course, that the improved method of the present invention may be employed to custom fit othertypes of inflatable bladders to feet or other objects having complex contours.
The inflatable bladder 10, made of a suitable elastomeric material, is adapted to be disposed around the foot 12, ankle and lower leg portion 14 of the wearer' for exerting a holding force thereon. The bladder comprises two plies 16, 18 of elastomeric sheet material, such as non-porous, ether base polyurethane sheeting that is highly resistant to moisture degradation, extremely tough, and puncture resistant. Essentially, the inflatable bladder 10 is a sock-like member having a plurality of inflatable chambers, cavities and tubular portions 20 formed by the two sheets 16, 18. The tubular chambers 20 extend along and are disposed at different portions of the foot 12, ankle joint and lower leg.
' A manifold 22 interconnects the tubes 20 to provide uniform fluid pressure in all regions of the bladder.
The type and thickness of the elastomeric material and the cross-sectional dimensions of the tubes and cavities 20 are such that when the bladder is inflated to the desired pressure, the tubes and cavities will assume a substantially circular cross-sectional shape. The tubes will have varying degrees of rigidity, depending on the inflation pressure, and will be capable of supporting relatively high localized loads without collapsing.
The bladder employed in the method of the present invention is preferably separate from the ski boot 23 or other footwear with which it is employed.
The inner layer 18 of the bladder 10 is preferably covered with a layer of suitable resilient material 24, such as a cellular polyurethane foam which is readily yieldable and comformable. The foam layer 24, in turn, is covered with an inner liner 25 of lambs wool or the like. The foam and the lambs wool liner between the inflatable plies 16, 18, and the wearers sock 26, provide added comfort to the wearer and greater comformance of the bladder to the foot.
In practicing the method of the present invention, the bladder 10 to be custom fitted to the foot 12 is first placed over the sock 26 disposed on the wearers foot. Thereafter, a heating sock 28, particularly designed for use in the method of the present invention, is placed over the bladder 10 on the wearers foot. It will be noted that the forward edge 30 of the bladder 10 terminates behind the toes of the foot 12, and that the heating sock is cut to substantially cover the bladder and be substantially co-extensive therewith. However, the sock may be electrically connected so that discrete areas of the sock may be heated on a command basis.
The heating sock 28, best shown in FIG. 4, comprises a relatively thin sock-like member having electric heating elements (not shown) disposed therein. An electrical cord 32 containing the usual conductors is connected to the sock for energizing the heating elements, and an opening 34 is provided in the upper rear portion of the sock for accommodating the inflation valve 40 of the bladder, described hereinafter.
After the heating sock 28 has been donned, the ski boot 24 (or other footwear) to be worn in conjunction with the bladder is placed on the wearers foot over the sock 26, bladder 10 and heating sock 28 (FIG. The boot is buckled by means of closure devices 29 (FIGS. 5 and 6), which are described in some detail inthe aforesaid co-pending application, Ser. No. 51,841.
The cord 32 from the heating sock 28 is then connected to a conventional source of power (not shown) to energize the heatingelements in the sock and heat the sock and bladder to'a temperature well above room temperature (e. g., between about 125 F. and about 300 F.). When the bladder reaches the desired temperature, the application of current to the heating sock is discontinued and the bladder inflated to a sufficient pressure (e. g., between about 1 p. s. i. and about 17 p. s. i.) to force the inner lining 25 of the bladder into intimate contact with the foot 12 and the heating sock 28 into intimate contact with the boot 24 which provides an external constraining force on the bladder, the inner portions of which will substantially conform to the exterior contour of the foot.
The inflated bladder is then cooled sufiiciently, as to about room temperature, to set the bladder in its distended shape, wherein it conforms to the contour of the wearers foot 12.
The bladder is thereafter deflated and the boot 24 removed, as well as the heating sock 28 and the bladder. Whenever the bladder is replaced on the wearers foot 12 and inflated it will conform to the contour of the foot.
The temperature to which the bladder is heated and the pressure to which it is inflated are interdependent. The higher the temperature, the lower the pressure required to force the bladder into intimate contact with the foot to conform to its contours. The pressure must be sufficient to cause the bladder to conform to the wearers foot, but not so great that it will destroy the supporting characteristics and quality of the bladder.
The optimum temperature and pressure ranges will depend upon the heat absorbing and the polymer characteristics and the thickness of the particular elastomer employed. A range of materials are available with a large selection of stress-temperature vs. permanent-set characteristics. Where the bladder layers 16, 18 are ether base, polyurethane sheets, having wall thicknesses between about 0.010 and 0.020 inches, the optimum temperature range has been found to be about 300 F; and the optimum pressure to which the bladder should be inflated has been found to be between about 1 psi. and about 17 p. s. i., preferably about 4 p. s. i. The heated bladder need be left in the distended position for less than 1 minute. The inflating and cooling steps are preferably accomplished simultaneously by using a cold pressurized gas (e. g., carbon dioxide) to inflate the bladder, the expansion of the gas from its compressed state into the bladder at a lower pressure inherently providing the desired refrigeration effect.
As best shown in FlG. 2, the bladder 10 is inflated by means of a valve 40 opening into one of the tubes 20 adjacent the rear portion of the bladder. A valve body 41 is secured to an elastomer support plate 42 suitably attached to the inner surface of the outer layer 16 of the tube 20. The inner portion of the valve body 41 has a circumferential groove 43 in which the plate 42 is received. The valve body has a central outer passage 44 and a pierced inner passage 45 communicating with the interior of the tube. The elastomeric material of the valve body 41 inherently constricts and normally retains the pierced passage 45 closed. The valve body 41 extends through the opening 34 in the heating sock and through an enlarged rear opening 46 in the collar of the boot 24.
Inflation and deflation of the bladder can be accomplished by any suitable inflation means, such as the mechanism shown in the aforesaid co-pending U. S. Patent application, Ser. No. 51,841.
The bladder 10 is preferablyconstructed of a material which will return to its original, undistended shape when it is reheated; i. e., a material exhibiting heat shrink memory characteristics. Thus, the bladder may be reheated to restore its original shape, and the method of the present invention may thereafter be reemployed to custom fit the bladder to another foot.
While the method of the present invention has been described above with reference to custom fitting a particular inflatable bladder, designed for use in ski boots and the like, it is, of course, contemplated that the method of the present invention may be employed when itis desired to custom fit any inflatable bladder to a body having a complex contour.
1. In a method for custom fitting an inflatable and deflatable bladder to the exterior of an individual's foot,
the steps of: I
a. disposing an elastomeric plastic bladder having a heat shrink memory operational within a temperature range of about l25F to about 300F., and having opposed adjacent walls defining a plurality of chambers adjacent said foot,
b. disposing a heating member over said bladder,
c. disposing a boot over said heating member,.
d. heating said bladder to a temperature in the range from about l25F to about 300F.,
e. inflating said bladder to a pressure from about 1 psi to about 17 psi to conform said bladder to the shape of said foot and said boot,
f. cooling said bladder while inflated and disposed adjacent said foot and inside said boot, to set said bladder in the conformed shape, and
g. deflating said cooled and formed bladder, whereby the conformed shapes are retained and said bladder may be reinflated for use.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein said bladder is formed of an ether based polyurethane.
3. The method of claim 2 wherein the walls of said polyurethane are from about 0.01 to about 0.02 inches in thickness.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein said pressure is about 4 psi.
5. A method of claim 1 wherein said chambers are tubes disposed lengthwise of said foot.
6. The method of claim 1 wherein said cooling and inflating are effected simultaneously by the addition of a fluid at a temperature substantially below the temperature of the heating step.
7. The method of claim 6 wherein said fluid is compressed carbon dioxide.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US2600239 *||1 Nov 1949||10 Jun 1952||Gilbert Levi L||Pneumatic insole|
|US2677906 *||14 Ago 1952||11 May 1954||Arnold Reed||Cushioned inner sole for shoes and meth od of making the same|
|US2774152 *||1 Jun 1955||18 Dic 1956||Alcosa Ets||Article of footwear|
|US2886853 *||30 Dic 1954||19 May 1959||Tno||Process for the production of hollow objects|
|US3227154 *||11 May 1962||4 Ene 1966||Galen B Cook||Diagnostic bag with impressionable outer surface and method of using it|
|US3392264 *||23 Oct 1965||9 Jul 1968||Arron Stanley||Electrically heated footwear|
|US3396264 *||8 Sep 1967||6 Ago 1968||Timely Products Corp||Electrically heated sock with battery supporting pouch|
|US3490444 *||14 Nov 1967||20 Ene 1970||Lester M Larson||Thermoplastic splint or cast|
|US3580248 *||2 Dic 1968||25 May 1971||Leighton W Larson||Bivalved cast|
|1||*||Glasstone, Samuel, Textbook of Physical Chemistry, Van Hostrand, New York, 1946, page 442.|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US3925916 *||22 Ago 1974||16 Dic 1975||Garbuio Carlo||Foot-fitting insert for ski boot or the like|
|US3955565 *||5 Dic 1973||11 May 1976||Johnson Jr Glenn W||Orthopedic apparatus|
|US4083127 *||17 Mar 1977||11 Abr 1978||Hanson Industries Incorporated||Adjustable, pressure-compensating, custom fitting pads having predetermined amount of fitting material and their use in boots|
|US4183156 *||6 Sep 1977||15 Ene 1980||Robert C. Bogert||Insole construction for articles of footwear|
|US4219945 *||26 Jun 1978||2 Sep 1980||Robert C. Bogert||Footwear|
|US4287250 *||29 Ene 1979||1 Sep 1981||Robert C. Bogert||Elastomeric cushioning devices for products and objects|
|US4327046 *||7 Dic 1979||27 Abr 1982||Southern Research Institute||Method for producing a rigid, shaped mass support system|
|US4483332 *||3 Ene 1983||20 Nov 1984||Bruce Rind||Construction and method for forming an orthopedic cast and method of producing the construction|
|US4530352 *||1 Nov 1983||23 Jul 1985||Holloway Kenneth A||Method for applying a splint|
|US4685453 *||14 May 1985||11 Ago 1987||Claude Guignard||Thermoformable element and use thereof|
|US4697582 *||24 Oct 1984||6 Oct 1987||Peze William||Appliance for correcting rachidial deformities|
|US4821708 *||3 Mar 1987||18 Abr 1989||Claude Guignard||Thermoformable orthopedic bandage and use thereof|
|US5078128 *||27 Jun 1990||7 Ene 1992||Royce Medical Company||Removable leg walker|
|US5150490 *||7 Ene 1989||29 Sep 1992||Storopack Hans Reichenecker Gmbh & Co.||Process for producing a resilient or padded insert for footwear|
|US5253435 *||19 Ago 1991||19 Oct 1993||Nike, Inc.||Pressure-adjustable shoe bladder assembly|
|US5257470 *||19 Feb 1991||2 Nov 1993||Nike, Inc.||Shoe bladder system|
|US5335430 *||5 Feb 1993||9 Ago 1994||Fiso Joseph F||Inflatable athletic shoe with detachable pump|
|US5343638 *||23 Ago 1993||6 Sep 1994||Reebok International Ltd.||Upper for an athletic shoe and method for manufacturing the same|
|US5378223 *||23 Oct 1992||3 Ene 1995||Royce Medical Company||Orthopedic support pad and method for providing semi-permanent relief zones|
|US5383290 *||23 Oct 1992||24 Ene 1995||Grim; Tracy E.||Conformable shoe with vacuum formed sole|
|US5416988 *||23 Abr 1993||23 May 1995||Nike, Inc.||Customized fit shoe and bladder therefor|
|US5450952 *||20 Jul 1994||19 Sep 1995||Sony Corporation||Casing for housing disc cartridge and method for packaging the casing|
|US5509938 *||4 Ene 1994||23 Abr 1996||Phillips; Van L.||Prosthetic foot incorporating adjustable bladder|
|US5596770 *||1 Nov 1995||28 Ene 1997||Kunesh; J. Denise||Two-ply inflatable sock|
|US5613941 *||12 Jun 1995||25 Mar 1997||Innovative Footwear Corporation||Joint support apparatus|
|US5686167 *||5 Jun 1995||11 Nov 1997||Robert C. Bogert||Fatigue resistant fluid containing cushioning device for articles of footwear|
|US5765298 *||12 Mar 1993||16 Jun 1998||Nike, Inc.||Athletic shoe with pressurized ankle collar|
|US5915819 *||20 Ago 1997||29 Jun 1999||Gooding; Elwyn||Adaptive, energy absorbing structure|
|US6030412 *||28 Jul 1997||29 Feb 2000||Life Science Holdings, Inc.||Apparatus and method for cooling the brain, brain stem and associated neurologic tissues|
|US6066107 *||14 Jul 1994||23 May 2000||Habermeyer; Peter||Apparatus for the surroundive fixation of extremities|
|US6158149 *||16 Feb 2000||12 Dic 2000||Robert C. Bogert||Article of footwear having multiple fluid containing members|
|US6189172||14 Ene 2000||20 Feb 2001||Dc Shoes, Inc.||Removable liner and inflatable bladder for snowboard boots and method of manufacture|
|US6228044||5 Ene 1999||8 May 2001||Rose Biomedical Research||Methods and apparatus for treating plantar ulcerations|
|US6446267 *||27 Sep 2001||10 Sep 2002||Mrugesh K. Shah||Protective sock and shoe lining|
|US6457263||16 Oct 2000||1 Oct 2002||Marion Franklin Rudy||Article of footwear having multiple fluid containing members|
|US6460197 *||16 Ago 2001||8 Oct 2002||Ing-Chung Huang||Removable, pressure-adjustable, shock-absorbing cushion device with an inflation pump for sports goods|
|US6557274||13 Abr 2001||6 May 2003||Paul E. Litchfield||Athletic shoe construction|
|US6655050 *||3 Mar 2000||2 Dic 2003||Joseph B. Lowe||Snowboard boot with inflatable bladders|
|US6766599||20 Feb 2001||27 Jul 2004||Dc Shoes, Inc.||Removable liner and inflatable bladder for snowboard boots and method of manufacture|
|US6773245 *||27 Sep 2001||10 Ago 2004||Albert Edward Moore, Jr.||Fluidic hot and cold pressure forming apparatus|
|US6785985||2 Jul 2002||7 Sep 2004||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US6792699||9 Sep 2002||21 Sep 2004||Royce Medical Company||Low shear customized footgear|
|US7010823||26 Jul 2004||14 Mar 2006||Dc Shoes, Inc.||Removable liner and inflatable bladder for snowboard boots and method of manufacture|
|US7396574||28 May 2003||8 Jul 2008||Robert C. Bogert||Self-inflating cushion and footwear including same|
|US7452342||21 Sep 2006||18 Nov 2008||Bonutti Research Inc.||Range of motion device|
|US7622014||1 Jul 2005||24 Nov 2009||Reebok International Ltd.||Method for manufacturing inflatable footwear or bladders for use in inflatable articles|
|US7666155||16 Mar 2005||23 Feb 2010||Medefficiency, Inc.||Systems and methods for off-weighting a limb|
|US7694438||13 Dic 2006||13 Abr 2010||Reebok International Ltd.||Article of footwear having an adjustable ride|
|US7721465 *||4 Ene 2008||25 May 2010||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7735241||11 Ene 2006||15 Jun 2010||Reebok International, Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7784196||13 Dic 2006||31 Ago 2010||Reebok International Ltd.||Article of footwear having an inflatable ground engaging surface|
|US7879417||19 Dic 2007||1 Feb 2011||Robert C. Bogert||Self-inflating cushion and footwear including same|
|US7934521||20 Dic 2006||3 May 2011||Reebok International, Ltd.||Configurable fluid transfer manifold for inflatable footwear|
|US7955285||20 Ene 2004||7 Jun 2011||Bonutti Research Inc.||Shoulder orthosis|
|US7981067||17 Nov 2008||19 Jul 2011||Bonutti Research Inc.||Range of motion device|
|US8002724||15 May 2009||23 Ago 2011||Ossur Hf||Circumferential walker|
|US8012108||12 Ago 2005||6 Sep 2011||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Range of motion system and method|
|US8037623||29 Jun 2006||18 Oct 2011||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear incorporating a fluid system|
|US8038637||29 Jul 2008||18 Oct 2011||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Finger orthosis|
|US8062241||12 Oct 2005||22 Nov 2011||Bonutti Research Inc||Myofascial strap|
|US8066656||28 Oct 2005||29 Nov 2011||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Range of motion device|
|US8083704||20 Ene 2010||27 Dic 2011||Medefficiency, Inc.||Systems and methods for off-weighting a limb|
|US8151489||9 Abr 2010||10 Abr 2012||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US8230874||7 Oct 2008||31 Jul 2012||Reebok International Limited||Configurable fluid transfer manifold for inflatable footwear|
|US8251934||10 Dic 2007||28 Ago 2012||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Orthosis and method for cervical mobilization|
|US8256141||7 Abr 2009||4 Sep 2012||Reebok International Limited||Article of footwear having an adjustable ride|
|US8273043||25 Jul 2008||25 Sep 2012||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Orthosis apparatus and method of using an orthosis apparatus|
|US8414275||11 Ene 2007||9 Abr 2013||Reebok International Limited||Pump and valve combination for an article of footwear incorporating an inflatable bladder|
|US8506510||21 Sep 2009||13 Ago 2013||Ossur Hf||Circumferential walker|
|US8540838||23 Nov 2009||24 Sep 2013||Reebok International Limited||Method for manufacturing inflatable footwear or bladders for use in inflatable articles|
|US8572786||12 Oct 2010||5 Nov 2013||Reebok International Limited||Method for manufacturing inflatable bladders for use in footwear and other articles of manufacture|
|US8677652||9 Mar 2012||25 Mar 2014||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US8784343||29 Jul 2011||22 Jul 2014||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Range of motion system|
|US8858200||12 Mar 2013||14 Oct 2014||Reebok International Limited||Pump and valve combination for an article of footwear incorporating an inflatable bladder|
|US8905950||24 Feb 2009||9 Dic 2014||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Shoulder ROM orthosis|
|US8919013||26 Abr 2012||30 Dic 2014||Reebok International Limited||Article of footwear having an adjustable ride|
|US8920346||5 Feb 2008||30 Dic 2014||Bonutti Research Inc.||Knee orthosis|
|US9144266||25 Nov 2014||29 Sep 2015||Reebok International Limited||Article of footwear having an adjustable ride|
|US9185946||14 Abr 2011||17 Nov 2015||Reebok International Limited||Form-fitting articles and method for customizing articles to be form-fitted|
|US9220621||14 Mar 2014||29 Dic 2015||Ossur Hf||Circumferential walker|
|US9295299||26 Abr 2012||29 Mar 2016||Reebok International Limited||Form-fitting articles and method for customizing articles to be form-fitted|
|US9314392||4 Feb 2015||19 Abr 2016||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Range of motion device|
|US9320669||23 Jun 2014||26 Abr 2016||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Range of motion system|
|US9333106||30 Nov 2011||10 May 2016||Ossur Hf||Circumferential walker|
|US9339078||14 Oct 2009||17 May 2016||Reebok International Limited||Form-fitting articles and method for customizing articles to be form-fitted|
|US9402759||15 Mar 2013||2 Ago 2016||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Cervical traction systems and method|
|US9445966||7 Ago 2014||20 Sep 2016||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Range of motion device|
|US9468553||7 Jul 2015||18 Oct 2016||Ossur Hf||Circumferential walker|
|US9468578||15 Oct 2012||18 Oct 2016||Bonutti Research Inc.||Range of motion device|
|US9474323||12 Feb 2014||25 Oct 2016||Reebok International Limited||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US9492301||26 Jul 2013||15 Nov 2016||Ossur Hf||Circumferential walker|
|US9668907||25 Abr 2016||6 Jun 2017||Ossur Iceland Ehf||Orthopedic device|
|US9681977||31 Mar 2014||20 Jun 2017||Bonutti Research, Inc.||Apparatus and method for spinal distraction|
|US20030059490 *||27 Sep 2001||27 Mar 2003||Moore Albert Edward||Fluidic hot and cold pressure forming apparatus|
|US20040153010 *||20 Ene 2004||5 Ago 2004||Bonutti Peter M.||Shoulder orthosis|
|US20040237346 *||28 May 2003||2 Dic 2004||Rudy Marion Franklin||Self-inflating cushion and footwear including same|
|US20040261202 *||26 Jul 2004||30 Dic 2004||Dc Shoes, Inc.||Removable liner and inflatable bladder for snowboard boots and method of manufacture|
|US20050171461 *||30 Ene 2004||4 Ago 2005||Erez Pick||Walking brace|
|US20070010770 *||29 Jun 2006||11 Ene 2007||Gildersleeve Richard E||Pneumatic liner with pressure relief valve and method of supporting an extremity with a pneumatic liner with pressure relief valve|
|US20070038161 *||12 Ago 2005||15 Feb 2007||Bonutti Peter M||Range of motion system and method|
|US20070100267 *||28 Oct 2005||3 May 2007||Bonutti Boris P||Range of motion device|
|US20080188356 *||5 Feb 2008||7 Ago 2008||Bonutti Boris P||Knee orthosis|
|US20090013557 *||19 Dic 2007||15 Ene 2009||Marion Franklin Rudy||Self-inflating cushion and footwear including same|
|US20090069733 *||17 Nov 2008||12 Mar 2009||Bonutti Boris P||Range of motion device|
|US20090095358 *||7 Oct 2008||16 Abr 2009||Brian Christensen||Configurable Fluid Transfer Manifold for Inflatable Footwear|
|US20090227927 *||10 Mar 2009||10 Sep 2009||Frazer Michael J||Orthopedic walking brace|
|US20090264799 *||24 Feb 2009||22 Oct 2009||Bonutti Peter M||Shoulder ROM Orthosis|
|US20090287127 *||15 May 2009||19 Nov 2009||Irving Hu||Circumferential walker|
|US20100130902 *||20 Ene 2010||27 May 2010||Medefficiency, Inc.||Systems and methods for off-weighting a limb|
|US20100234782 *||21 Sep 2009||16 Sep 2010||Irving Hu||Circumferential walker|
|US20150150335 *||3 Dic 2014||4 Jun 2015||Tbl Licensing Llc||Waterproof shoe with size and shape-adjustable bootie|
|USD634852||22 Sep 2009||22 Mar 2011||Ossur Hf||Sole for orthopedic device|
|USD643537||22 Sep 2009||16 Ago 2011||Ossur Hf||Pump for an orthopedic device|
|USD729393||27 Mar 2014||12 May 2015||Ossur Hf||Outsole for an orthopedic device|
|USD742017||27 Mar 2014||27 Oct 2015||Ossur Hf||Shell for an orthopedic device|
|USD744111||27 Mar 2014||24 Nov 2015||Ossur Hf||Orthopedic device|
|USD772418||17 Sep 2015||22 Nov 2016||Ossur Hf||Shell for an orthopedic device|
|USD776288||17 Sep 2015||10 Ene 2017||Ossur Hf||Shell for an orthopedic device|
|USD776289||17 Sep 2015||10 Ene 2017||Ossur Hf||Shell for an orthopedic device|
|DE2925780A1 *||26 Jun 1979||3 Ene 1980||Marion F Rudy||Einen teil eines schuhs bildende vorrichtung|
|EP0714613A2||14 Nov 1995||5 Jun 1996||Marion Franklin Rudy||Article of footwear having multiple fluid containing members|
|EP1116448A3 *||12 Ene 2001||22 May 2002||DC Shoes, Inc.||Removable liner and inflatable bladder for snowboard boots and method of manufacture|
|EP2311339B1 *||16 Dic 2009||12 Oct 2016||Reebok International Limited||Form-fitting articles and method for customizing articles to be form-fitted|
|EP2801275A1 *||9 May 2014||12 Nov 2014||Tecnica Group S.p.A.||Insert for the customization of a sport or medical item, customizable sport or medical item and method for the customization of a sport or medical item|
|EP2918867A1||27 May 2004||16 Sep 2015||Marion Franklin Rudy||Self-inflating cushion and footwear including same|
|EP3078292A4 *||4 Dic 2014||19 Jul 2017||Sota Suzuki||Shoe|
|WO1993014658A1 *||17 Ago 1992||5 Ago 1993||Reebok International Ltd.||Upper for an athletic shoe and method for manufacturing the same|
|WO1998023179A1 *||24 Nov 1997||4 Jun 1998||Gooding Elwyn R||Adaptive, energy absorbing structure|
|WO2001087100A1 *||27 Abr 2001||22 Nov 2001||Atomic Austria Gmbh||Shoe with an evacuatable form element|
|WO2008124200A2 *||24 Ene 2008||16 Oct 2008||Russo Giacomo M||Sport sock with integral shin guard|
|WO2008124200A3 *||24 Ene 2008||18 Dic 2008||Giacomo M Russo||Sport sock with integral shin guard|
|WO2016148654A1 *||17 Mar 2016||22 Sep 2016||Weimin Huang||Personalised footwear and the manufacture thereof|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||264/299, 602/13, 264/313, 264/DIG.300, 36/71, 607/111, 264/230, 264/234, 264/319, 36/93|
|Clasificación internacional||A43B3/00, B29C61/06, B29C43/10, A43B5/04, B29C43/12|
|Clasificación cooperativa||A43B3/00, B29L2031/50, A43B5/0407, B29C43/12, B29L2022/025, A43B3/0005, Y10S264/30, B29C61/0608, B29C43/10|
|Clasificación europea||A43B3/00E, B29C61/06B, A43B5/04B2, A43B3/00, B29C43/12, B29C43/10|