Búsqueda Imágenes Maps Play YouTube Noticias Gmail Drive Más »
Iniciar sesión
Usuarios de lectores de pantalla: deben hacer clic en este enlace para utilizar el modo de accesibilidad. Este modo tiene las mismas funciones esenciales pero funciona mejor con el lector.

Patentes

  1. Búsqueda avanzada de patentes
Número de publicaciónUS3775874 A
Tipo de publicaciónConcesión
Fecha de publicación4 Dic 1973
Fecha de presentación22 Dic 1971
Fecha de prioridad22 Dic 1970
También publicado comoDE2163086A1
Número de publicaciónUS 3775874 A, US 3775874A, US-A-3775874, US3775874 A, US3775874A
InventoresBonneville J
Cesionario originalNouvelle Soc Bruey Sa
Exportar citaBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet
Sports shoe spikes
US 3775874 A
Resumen
A needle spike is secured in an axial hole in an externally threaded cylindrical support member having a collar by means of which it is screwed into an insert in the sole of a sports shoe.
Imágenes(1)
Previous page
Next page
Reclamaciones  disponible en
Descripción  (El texto procesado por OCR puede contener errores)

Umted States Patent [1 1 1111 3,775,874 Bonneville Dec. 4, 1973 SPORTS SHOE SPIKES [56] References Cited [75] Inventor: Jean Bonneville, Ronchamp, France UNXTED STATES PATENTS 3,566,489 3/l97l Morley 36/67 D [73] Assgnee' Nm'veue some Bmey 2,697,288 12 1954 wilCOX.... 36/67 B Rmcbamp, France 2,235,774 3 1941 Pierce et a1. 36/67 D 22 i Dec. 22 1971 2,584,182 5/1952 Bernstein 36/67 B 3,552,043 H1971 Mofl'a 36/67 D 211 Appl. N0.: 210,941

Primary ExaminerPatrick D. Lawson [30] Foreign Application Priority Data Attorney-Robert E. Burns et a].

Dec. 22, 1970 Switzerland 19034/70 ABSTRACT [52] Cl 36/67 D A needle spike is secured in an axial hole in an exter- [51] Int. CL 15/00 y threaded cylindrical pp member having a [58] Field of s E B 67 A 67 B collar by means of which it is screwed into an insert in 36/67 C, 67 D, 2.5 R

the sole of a sports shoe.

3 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures SPORTS SHOE SPIKES The invention relates to spikes for sports shoes, such as track shoes, golf shoes and cricket shoes, that sportsmen use so as to improve their grip on the track or sports field.

The spikes used at present are formed in a single piece, with a pointed end extended by a threaded stem. In most cases, the threaded stem and the spike are separated by a protruding flange of a selected shape such as circular or hexagonal, or sometimes by an integral washer provided with holes adapted to cooperate with a spanner or special tool for screwing the spike into a tapped or non-tapped insert fixed in the sole of the sports shoe.

Different types of needle spikes, with variable needle length and section are available to the user according to the type of sport in question, and the nature of the track or sports field.

Up to recent years, tracks and sports fields were generally formed of compacted earth, grass or cinders. The relatively friable nature of these grounds enabled the use of spikes with a large diameter, which consequently did not need to be in a very strong material.

Modern tracks are more frequently formed by synthetic coatings composed of different materials coated with elastic products. These much more compact coatings require a decrease in the diameter of the spikes to avoid useless efforts on the part of the athlete at the moment of penetration and extraction of the spikes in the track. So as not to damage these tracks, it is also necessary to adapt the diameter and the shape of the spikes so that the holes created by penetration of the spikes in the material close up a short time afterwards, and so that there is no ripping off of the coating.

Whilst it is necessary to reduce the section of the needle spikes as much as possible, it is also necessary that the latter remain highly resistant to flexion, shocks and wear. The small section and the required resistance necessitate the use of a high strength metal for the manufacture of these needle spikes. Manufacture in such a metal of spikes in a single piece becomes very difficult since it is not possible to provide, in economically acceptable conditions, the threading on the stems of the spikes and the means required to engage this threading in the shoe.

The present invention aims to palliate these drawbacks and, for this purpose, proposes to provide a spike for sports shoes whose needle spike, with a very good resistance to flexion, shock and wear, can be conve-' niently fixed to the shoe.

A second aim of the invention is to provide on a nonpointed end of the spike means for efficiently fixing it onto the shoe.

According to the invention, a spike for sports shoes, comprises an externally threaded substantially cylindrical support member having an axial hole, a hard metallic needle spike having a pointed end and a blunt end, the needle spike being securable in said axial hole with said pointed end protruding from one end of the support member, and means on said one end of the support member for engaging with a tool for screwing the support member into a threaded insert in a shoe.

Embodiments of the invention will now be described,-

by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 is an axial cross-sectional view of a spike according to the invention FIG. 2 is an elevational view of the spike of FIG. 1;

FIGS. 3 and 3a are elevational views of two variants of spikes according to the invention;

FIG. 4 is a view in axial cross section of another embodiment of spike according to the invention;

FIG. 5 is an elevational view of the spike shown in FIG. 4; and

FIG. 6 is an elevational view of a variant spike according to the invention.

FIG. 1 shows a spike formed in two parts, namely a support 1 and a needle spike 2.

The support 1 has a blind axial hole 3 with a conical bottom 4. The external face of the support 1 has, on its lower cylindrical part, a screw thread 5 and, at its upper part, a collar 1a having a screw-driving element, such as a flat 6 (FIG. 2), polygonal faces (FIG. 3) or an incorporated washer 16 having holes 17 (FIG. 3a). This collar la holds the needle spike 2 when the support 1 is screwed by means of a tool so as to engage the thread 5 in a tapped hole 8 pierced through an insert 9 fixed to the sole of a shoe. The support 1 can be provided in various easily worked materials such as steel, a zinc alloy, brass, aluminum or a suitable synthetic plastics material.

The needle spike 2 is shaped to have an external pointed end 10 and an internal cylindrical end 11. It is made in a material having a good resistance to flexion, to shocks and wear, such as a treated highresistance steel or in duraluminum or titanium. This enables the provision of needle spikes of a diameter less than 4 mm and more commonly comprised between 1 and 3 mm. In the case of FIG. 1 the internal end 11 of the needle spike is force-fitted into the hole 3 of the support 1. This manner of fixation is however not limiting; it would be possible to make this joint by any other means such as welding, milling, gluing, threading or by casting the support 1 about the needle spike 2.

FIG. 4 shows another embodiment of spike according to the invention. The lower end 11 of the needle spike has a head 13 forming a transversal flange and the support 1 is pierced with an axial through bore 3'.

In this case, upon mounting, the support 1 is passed about the needle spike 2, then screwed into a blind tapped hole 8 of the insert 9 until the lower face 14 of the support 1 presses the head 13 against the bottom 15 of the hole 8 so as to hold the spike in position.

FIGS. 4 to 6 show the possibility of using curved needle spikes and also enable the possibility of rapidly changing the type of needly spikes on the shoes, without having to use a new support.

The resistance to flexion of the described spikes is appreciably improved and they penetrate with a minimum of resistance into both cinder tracks and tracks with a coating comprising an elastic material. Moreover, the spikes have a good resistance to shocks and wear.

I claim:

1. A spike assembly for sport shoes comprising: a support member having an externally threaded cylin-' drical portion; means defining a through bore through said cylindrical portion of said support member; a spike inserted into said through bore and having a flange having a transverse width larger than the width of said through bore on an end of said spike and contacting an end portion of said cylindrical portion; an insert insertable in a shoe and having means therein defining a threaded blind bore having threaded therein said thread cylindrical portion with said flange of said spike disposed contacting said end portion of said cylindrical portion; and said flange having an exterior planar bearing surface bearing against the blind end of said blind bore.

2. A spike assembly for sport shoes comprising: a support member having an externally threaded cylindrical portion; means defining a through bore through said cylindrical portion of said support member; a spike inserted into said through bore and having a flange having a transverse width larger than the width of said through bore on an end of said spike and contacting an end portion of said cylindrical portion; an insert insertable in a shoe and having means therein defining a threaded blind bore having threaded therein said threaded cylindrical portion with said flange of said spike disposed contacting said end portion of said cylindrical portion; and said support member having means thereon defining a tool engaging portion having a polygonal portion engagable with a tool for screwing said threaded cylindrical portion into said threaded blind bore.

3. A spike assembly for sport shoes comprising: a support member having an externally threaded cylindrical portion; means defining a through bore through said cylindrical portion of said support member; a spike inserted into said through bore and having a flange having a transverse width of said through bore on an end of said spike and contacting an end portion of said cylindrical portion; an insert insertable in a shoe and having means therein defining a threaded blind bore having threaded therein said threaded cylindrical portion with said flange of said spike disposed contacting said portion of said cylindrical portion; and said support member having means thereon defining a tool engaging portion having at least two linear portions engaga'ble with a tool for screwing said threaded cylindrical portion into said threaded blind bore.

Citas de patentes
Patente citada Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US2235774 *30 Sep 194018 Mar 1941Spalding A G & Bros IncCleat device
US2584182 *28 Sep 19495 Feb 1952Bernstein Joseph RShoe spike
US2697288 *17 Ene 195221 Dic 1954Wilcox Clarke LGolf shoe cleat
US3552043 *1 May 19695 Ene 1971Moffa Louis JWear-resisting spikes for shoes
US3566489 *29 Jul 19692 Mar 1971Robert C MorleyReplaceable spike for shoes
Citada por
Patente citante Fecha de presentación Fecha de publicación Solicitante Título
US4262434 *30 Jul 197921 Abr 1981Michelotti Paul ERunning shoe with replaceable tread elements
US4910883 *19 Ago 198827 Mar 1990Zock Jr Robert ACrampton having interchangeable pick elements
US4984377 *11 Dic 198915 Ene 1991Schneider Gottlieb RAll condition fishing waders
US5560126 *17 Ago 19941 Oct 1996Akeva, L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5615497 *17 Ago 19931 Abr 1997Meschan; David F.Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5806210 *12 Oct 199515 Sep 1998Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US5826352 *30 Sep 199627 Oct 1998Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5887371 *18 Feb 199730 Mar 1999Curley, Jr.; John J.Footwear cleat
US5918384 *30 Sep 19966 Jul 1999Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5970628 *8 Sep 199826 Oct 1999Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US6050002 *18 May 199918 Abr 2000Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved sole
US619591625 Feb 20006 Mar 2001Akeva, L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved sole
US620923011 Abr 20003 Abr 2001John J. Curley, Jr.Footwear cleat
US632477217 Ago 20004 Dic 2001Akeva, L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved sole
US6467196 *6 Ago 199822 Oct 2002Yoshiki KoyamaSpike ensuring stable kick during running and spike shoes
US66043004 Dic 200112 Ago 2003Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved sole
US666247118 Oct 199916 Dic 2003Akeva, L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US683444516 Jul 200228 Dic 2004Softspikes, LlcShoe cleat with improved traction
US683444627 Ago 200228 Dic 2004Softspikes, LlcIndexable shoe cleat with improved traction
US696200930 Jun 20048 Nov 2005Akeva L.L.C.Bottom surface configuration for athletic shoe
US696612930 Jun 200422 Nov 2005Akeva L.L.C.Cushioning for athletic shoe
US696613030 Jun 200422 Nov 2005Akeva L.L.C.Plate for athletic shoe
US696863530 Jun 200429 Nov 2005Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe bottom
US699692330 Jun 200414 Feb 2006Akeva L.L.C.Shock absorbing athletic shoe
US699692430 Jun 200414 Feb 2006Akeva L.L.C.Rear sole structure for athletic shoe
US704004030 Jun 20049 May 2006Akeva L.L.C.Midsole for athletic shoe
US704004130 Jun 20049 May 2006Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with plate
US704004311 Ago 20049 May 2006Softspikes, LlcShoe cleat
US704385730 Jun 200416 May 2006Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe having cushioning
US706967130 Jun 20044 Jul 2006Akeva L.L.C.Arch bridge for athletic shoe
US707689230 Jun 200418 Jul 2006Akeva L.L.C.Shock absorbent athletic shoe
US70827003 Ago 20051 Ago 2006Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration
US70896893 Ago 200515 Ago 2006Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration and non-ground-engaging member
US711426928 May 20033 Oct 2006Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved sole
US712783511 Dic 200331 Oct 2006Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US71558433 Ago 20052 Ene 2007Akeva, L.L.C.Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge
US738035030 Jun 20043 Jun 2008Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with bottom opening
US753680928 Dic 200626 May 2009Akeva L.L.C.Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge
US754009930 Jun 20042 Jun 2009Akeva L.L.C.Heel support for athletic shoe
US759688812 Dic 20086 Oct 2009Akeva L.L.C.Shoe with flexible plate
US807916026 Sep 200820 Dic 2011Nike, Inc.Articles with retractable traction elements
US825614525 Sep 20094 Sep 2012Nike, Inc.Articles with retractable traction elements
US832205123 Feb 20104 Dic 2012Nike, Inc.Self-adjusting studs
US84533491 Abr 20104 Jun 2013Nike, Inc.Traction elements
US84533541 Oct 20094 Jun 2013Nike, Inc.Rigid cantilevered stud
US85292671 Nov 201010 Sep 2013Nike, Inc.Integrated training system for articles of footwear
US853397918 Feb 201017 Sep 2013Nike, Inc.Self-adjusting studs
US857398128 Jun 20105 Nov 2013Nike, Inc.Training system for an article of footwear with a ball control portion
US858438013 Sep 201219 Nov 2013Nike, Inc.Self-adjusting studs
US861689228 Jun 201031 Dic 2013Nike, Inc.Training system for an article of footwear with a traction system
US863234211 Dic 200921 Ene 2014Nike, Inc.Training system for an article of footwear
US865661014 Nov 201125 Feb 2014Nike, Inc.Articles with retractable traction elements
US865661127 Jul 201225 Feb 2014Nike, Inc.Articles with retractable traction elements
US8695234 *27 Dic 201015 Abr 2014Han-Ching WuAnti-slip spike structure
US871381919 Ene 20116 May 2014Nike, Inc.Composite sole structure
US878929625 Jul 201329 Jul 2014Nike, Inc.Self-adjusting studs
US880677916 Sep 201119 Ago 2014Nike, Inc.Shaped support features for footwear ground-engaging members
US20120159816 *27 Dic 201028 Jun 2012Han-Ching WuAnti-slip spike structure
USRE429655 Dic 200629 Nov 2011Sure Foot CorporationAnti-slip overshoe
USRE44193 *25 Feb 20107 May 2013Sure Foot CorporationReplaceable spikes for anti-slip overshoe
EP1360911A1 *28 Abr 200312 Nov 2003Jörg SchnitzlerDevice for improved grip on the ground
Clasificaciones
Clasificación de EE.UU.36/67.00D
Clasificación internacionalA43C15/16, A43C15/00
Clasificación cooperativaA43C15/165
Clasificación europeaA43C15/16C1A