|Número de publicación||US3775874 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||4 Dic 1973|
|Fecha de presentación||22 Dic 1971|
|Fecha de prioridad||22 Dic 1970|
|También publicado como||DE2163086A1|
|Número de publicación||US 3775874 A, US 3775874A, US-A-3775874, US3775874 A, US3775874A|
|Cesionario original||Nouvelle Soc Bruey Sa|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (5), Citada por (72), Clasificaciones (5)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
Umted States Patent [1 1 1111 3,775,874 Bonneville Dec. 4, 1973 SPORTS SHOE SPIKES  References Cited  Inventor: Jean Bonneville, Ronchamp, France UNXTED STATES PATENTS 3,566,489 3/l97l Morley 36/67 D  Assgnee' Nm'veue some Bmey 2,697,288 12 1954 wilCOX.... 36/67 B Rmcbamp, France 2,235,774 3 1941 Pierce et a1. 36/67 D 22 i Dec. 22 1971 2,584,182 5/1952 Bernstein 36/67 B 3,552,043 H1971 Mofl'a 36/67 D 211 Appl. N0.: 210,941
Primary ExaminerPatrick D. Lawson  Foreign Application Priority Data Attorney-Robert E. Burns et a].
Dec. 22, 1970 Switzerland 19034/70 ABSTRACT  Cl 36/67 D A needle spike is secured in an axial hole in an exter-  Int. CL 15/00 y threaded cylindrical pp member having a  Field of s E B 67 A 67 B collar by means of which it is screwed into an insert in 36/67 C, 67 D, 2.5 R
the sole of a sports shoe.
3 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures SPORTS SHOE SPIKES The invention relates to spikes for sports shoes, such as track shoes, golf shoes and cricket shoes, that sportsmen use so as to improve their grip on the track or sports field.
The spikes used at present are formed in a single piece, with a pointed end extended by a threaded stem. In most cases, the threaded stem and the spike are separated by a protruding flange of a selected shape such as circular or hexagonal, or sometimes by an integral washer provided with holes adapted to cooperate with a spanner or special tool for screwing the spike into a tapped or non-tapped insert fixed in the sole of the sports shoe.
Different types of needle spikes, with variable needle length and section are available to the user according to the type of sport in question, and the nature of the track or sports field.
Up to recent years, tracks and sports fields were generally formed of compacted earth, grass or cinders. The relatively friable nature of these grounds enabled the use of spikes with a large diameter, which consequently did not need to be in a very strong material.
Modern tracks are more frequently formed by synthetic coatings composed of different materials coated with elastic products. These much more compact coatings require a decrease in the diameter of the spikes to avoid useless efforts on the part of the athlete at the moment of penetration and extraction of the spikes in the track. So as not to damage these tracks, it is also necessary to adapt the diameter and the shape of the spikes so that the holes created by penetration of the spikes in the material close up a short time afterwards, and so that there is no ripping off of the coating.
Whilst it is necessary to reduce the section of the needle spikes as much as possible, it is also necessary that the latter remain highly resistant to flexion, shocks and wear. The small section and the required resistance necessitate the use of a high strength metal for the manufacture of these needle spikes. Manufacture in such a metal of spikes in a single piece becomes very difficult since it is not possible to provide, in economically acceptable conditions, the threading on the stems of the spikes and the means required to engage this threading in the shoe.
The present invention aims to palliate these drawbacks and, for this purpose, proposes to provide a spike for sports shoes whose needle spike, with a very good resistance to flexion, shock and wear, can be conve-' niently fixed to the shoe.
A second aim of the invention is to provide on a nonpointed end of the spike means for efficiently fixing it onto the shoe.
According to the invention, a spike for sports shoes, comprises an externally threaded substantially cylindrical support member having an axial hole, a hard metallic needle spike having a pointed end and a blunt end, the needle spike being securable in said axial hole with said pointed end protruding from one end of the support member, and means on said one end of the support member for engaging with a tool for screwing the support member into a threaded insert in a shoe.
Embodiments of the invention will now be described,-
by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 is an axial cross-sectional view of a spike according to the invention FIG. 2 is an elevational view of the spike of FIG. 1;
FIGS. 3 and 3a are elevational views of two variants of spikes according to the invention;
FIG. 4 is a view in axial cross section of another embodiment of spike according to the invention;
FIG. 5 is an elevational view of the spike shown in FIG. 4; and
FIG. 6 is an elevational view of a variant spike according to the invention.
FIG. 1 shows a spike formed in two parts, namely a support 1 and a needle spike 2.
The support 1 has a blind axial hole 3 with a conical bottom 4. The external face of the support 1 has, on its lower cylindrical part, a screw thread 5 and, at its upper part, a collar 1a having a screw-driving element, such as a flat 6 (FIG. 2), polygonal faces (FIG. 3) or an incorporated washer 16 having holes 17 (FIG. 3a). This collar la holds the needle spike 2 when the support 1 is screwed by means of a tool so as to engage the thread 5 in a tapped hole 8 pierced through an insert 9 fixed to the sole of a shoe. The support 1 can be provided in various easily worked materials such as steel, a zinc alloy, brass, aluminum or a suitable synthetic plastics material.
The needle spike 2 is shaped to have an external pointed end 10 and an internal cylindrical end 11. It is made in a material having a good resistance to flexion, to shocks and wear, such as a treated highresistance steel or in duraluminum or titanium. This enables the provision of needle spikes of a diameter less than 4 mm and more commonly comprised between 1 and 3 mm. In the case of FIG. 1 the internal end 11 of the needle spike is force-fitted into the hole 3 of the support 1. This manner of fixation is however not limiting; it would be possible to make this joint by any other means such as welding, milling, gluing, threading or by casting the support 1 about the needle spike 2.
FIG. 4 shows another embodiment of spike according to the invention. The lower end 11 of the needle spike has a head 13 forming a transversal flange and the support 1 is pierced with an axial through bore 3'.
In this case, upon mounting, the support 1 is passed about the needle spike 2, then screwed into a blind tapped hole 8 of the insert 9 until the lower face 14 of the support 1 presses the head 13 against the bottom 15 of the hole 8 so as to hold the spike in position.
FIGS. 4 to 6 show the possibility of using curved needle spikes and also enable the possibility of rapidly changing the type of needly spikes on the shoes, without having to use a new support.
The resistance to flexion of the described spikes is appreciably improved and they penetrate with a minimum of resistance into both cinder tracks and tracks with a coating comprising an elastic material. Moreover, the spikes have a good resistance to shocks and wear.
1. A spike assembly for sport shoes comprising: a support member having an externally threaded cylin-' drical portion; means defining a through bore through said cylindrical portion of said support member; a spike inserted into said through bore and having a flange having a transverse width larger than the width of said through bore on an end of said spike and contacting an end portion of said cylindrical portion; an insert insertable in a shoe and having means therein defining a threaded blind bore having threaded therein said thread cylindrical portion with said flange of said spike disposed contacting said end portion of said cylindrical portion; and said flange having an exterior planar bearing surface bearing against the blind end of said blind bore.
2. A spike assembly for sport shoes comprising: a support member having an externally threaded cylindrical portion; means defining a through bore through said cylindrical portion of said support member; a spike inserted into said through bore and having a flange having a transverse width larger than the width of said through bore on an end of said spike and contacting an end portion of said cylindrical portion; an insert insertable in a shoe and having means therein defining a threaded blind bore having threaded therein said threaded cylindrical portion with said flange of said spike disposed contacting said end portion of said cylindrical portion; and said support member having means thereon defining a tool engaging portion having a polygonal portion engagable with a tool for screwing said threaded cylindrical portion into said threaded blind bore.
3. A spike assembly for sport shoes comprising: a support member having an externally threaded cylindrical portion; means defining a through bore through said cylindrical portion of said support member; a spike inserted into said through bore and having a flange having a transverse width of said through bore on an end of said spike and contacting an end portion of said cylindrical portion; an insert insertable in a shoe and having means therein defining a threaded blind bore having threaded therein said threaded cylindrical portion with said flange of said spike disposed contacting said portion of said cylindrical portion; and said support member having means thereon defining a tool engaging portion having at least two linear portions engaga'ble with a tool for screwing said threaded cylindrical portion into said threaded blind bore.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US2235774 *||30 Sep 1940||18 Mar 1941||Spalding A G & Bros Inc||Cleat device|
|US2584182 *||28 Sep 1949||5 Feb 1952||Bernstein Joseph R||Shoe spike|
|US2697288 *||17 Ene 1952||21 Dic 1954||Wilcox Clarke L||Golf shoe cleat|
|US3552043 *||1 May 1969||5 Ene 1971||Moffa Louis J||Wear-resisting spikes for shoes|
|US3566489 *||29 Jul 1969||2 Mar 1971||Robert C Morley||Replaceable spike for shoes|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US4262434 *||30 Jul 1979||21 Abr 1981||Michelotti Paul E||Running shoe with replaceable tread elements|
|US4910883 *||19 Ago 1988||27 Mar 1990||Zock Jr Robert A||Crampton having interchangeable pick elements|
|US4984377 *||11 Dic 1989||15 Ene 1991||Schneider Gottlieb R||All condition fishing waders|
|US5560126 *||17 Ago 1994||1 Oct 1996||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US5615497 *||17 Ago 1993||1 Abr 1997||Meschan; David F.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US5806210 *||12 Oct 1995||15 Sep 1998||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved heel structure|
|US5826352 *||30 Sep 1996||27 Oct 1998||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US5887371 *||18 Feb 1997||30 Mar 1999||Curley, Jr.; John J.||Footwear cleat|
|US5918384 *||30 Sep 1996||6 Jul 1999||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US5970628 *||8 Sep 1998||26 Oct 1999||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved heel structure|
|US6050002 *||18 May 1999||18 Abr 2000||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US6195916||25 Feb 2000||6 Mar 2001||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US6209230||11 Abr 2000||3 Abr 2001||John J. Curley, Jr.||Footwear cleat|
|US6324772||17 Ago 2000||4 Dic 2001||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US6467196 *||6 Ago 1998||22 Oct 2002||Yoshiki Koyama||Spike ensuring stable kick during running and spike shoes|
|US6604300||4 Dic 2001||12 Ago 2003||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US6662471||18 Oct 1999||16 Dic 2003||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved heel structure|
|US6834445||16 Jul 2002||28 Dic 2004||Softspikes, Llc||Shoe cleat with improved traction|
|US6834446||27 Ago 2002||28 Dic 2004||Softspikes, Llc||Indexable shoe cleat with improved traction|
|US6962009||30 Jun 2004||8 Nov 2005||Akeva L.L.C.||Bottom surface configuration for athletic shoe|
|US6966129||30 Jun 2004||22 Nov 2005||Akeva L.L.C.||Cushioning for athletic shoe|
|US6966130||30 Jun 2004||22 Nov 2005||Akeva L.L.C.||Plate for athletic shoe|
|US6968635||30 Jun 2004||29 Nov 2005||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe bottom|
|US6996923||30 Jun 2004||14 Feb 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Shock absorbing athletic shoe|
|US6996924||30 Jun 2004||14 Feb 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Rear sole structure for athletic shoe|
|US7040040||30 Jun 2004||9 May 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Midsole for athletic shoe|
|US7040041||30 Jun 2004||9 May 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with plate|
|US7040043||11 Ago 2004||9 May 2006||Softspikes, Llc||Shoe cleat|
|US7043857||30 Jun 2004||16 May 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe having cushioning|
|US7069671||30 Jun 2004||4 Jul 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Arch bridge for athletic shoe|
|US7076892||30 Jun 2004||18 Jul 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Shock absorbent athletic shoe|
|US7082700||3 Ago 2005||1 Ago 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration|
|US7089689||3 Ago 2005||15 Ago 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration and non-ground-engaging member|
|US7114269||28 May 2003||3 Oct 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US7127835||11 Dic 2003||31 Oct 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved heel structure|
|US7155843||3 Ago 2005||2 Ene 2007||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge|
|US7380350||30 Jun 2004||3 Jun 2008||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with bottom opening|
|US7536809||28 Dic 2006||26 May 2009||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge|
|US7540099||30 Jun 2004||2 Jun 2009||Akeva L.L.C.||Heel support for athletic shoe|
|US7596888||12 Dic 2008||6 Oct 2009||Akeva L.L.C.||Shoe with flexible plate|
|US8079160||26 Sep 2008||20 Dic 2011||Nike, Inc.||Articles with retractable traction elements|
|US8256145||25 Sep 2009||4 Sep 2012||Nike, Inc.||Articles with retractable traction elements|
|US8322051||4 Dic 2012||Nike, Inc.||Self-adjusting studs|
|US8453349||1 Abr 2010||4 Jun 2013||Nike, Inc.||Traction elements|
|US8453354||4 Jun 2013||Nike, Inc.||Rigid cantilevered stud|
|US8529267||1 Nov 2010||10 Sep 2013||Nike, Inc.||Integrated training system for articles of footwear|
|US8533979||18 Feb 2010||17 Sep 2013||Nike, Inc.||Self-adjusting studs|
|US8573981||28 Jun 2010||5 Nov 2013||Nike, Inc.||Training system for an article of footwear with a ball control portion|
|US8584380||13 Sep 2012||19 Nov 2013||Nike, Inc.||Self-adjusting studs|
|US8616892||28 Jun 2010||31 Dic 2013||Nike, Inc.||Training system for an article of footwear with a traction system|
|US8632342||11 Dic 2009||21 Ene 2014||Nike, Inc.||Training system for an article of footwear|
|US8656610||14 Nov 2011||25 Feb 2014||Nike, Inc.||Articles with retractable traction elements|
|US8656611||27 Jul 2012||25 Feb 2014||Nike, Inc.||Articles with retractable traction elements|
|US8695234 *||27 Dic 2010||15 Abr 2014||Han-Ching Wu||Anti-slip spike structure|
|US8713819||19 Ene 2011||6 May 2014||Nike, Inc.||Composite sole structure|
|US8789296||25 Jul 2013||29 Jul 2014||Nike, Inc.||Self-adjusting studs|
|US8806779||16 Sep 2011||19 Ago 2014||Nike, Inc.||Shaped support features for footwear ground-engaging members|
|US8966787||16 Sep 2011||3 Mar 2015||Nike, Inc.||Orientations for footwear ground-engaging member support features|
|US9032645||30 Jul 2012||19 May 2015||Nike, Inc.||Support features for footwear ground engaging members|
|US9138027||16 Sep 2011||22 Sep 2015||Nike, Inc.||Spacing for footwear ground-engaging member support features|
|US9210967||13 Ago 2010||15 Dic 2015||Nike, Inc.||Sole structure with traction elements|
|US9220320||16 Sep 2011||29 Dic 2015||Nike, Inc.||Sole arrangement with ground-engaging member support features|
|US9351537||6 May 2013||31 May 2016||Nike, Inc.||Rigid cantilevered stud|
|US9402442||27 Abr 2012||2 Ago 2016||Nike, Inc.||Sole structure and article of footwear including same|
|US20100077635 *||1 Abr 2010||Jim Baucom||Articles with retractable traction elements|
|US20100083541 *||25 Sep 2009||8 Abr 2010||Nike, Inc.||Articles with retractable traction elements|
|US20110197478 *||18 Ago 2011||Nike, Inc.||Self-adjusting studs|
|US20110203136 *||23 Feb 2010||25 Ago 2011||Nike, Inc.||Self-adjusting studs|
|US20120159816 *||27 Dic 2010||28 Jun 2012||Han-Ching Wu||Anti-slip spike structure|
|USRE42965||29 Nov 2011||Sure Foot Corporation||Anti-slip overshoe|
|USRE44193 *||7 May 2013||Sure Foot Corporation||Replaceable spikes for anti-slip overshoe|
|EP1360911A1 *||28 Abr 2003||12 Nov 2003||Jörg Schnitzler||Device for improved grip on the ground|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||36/67.00D|
|Clasificación internacional||A43C15/16, A43C15/00|