|Número de publicación||US3789835 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||5 Feb 1974|
|Fecha de presentación||16 Mar 1972|
|Fecha de prioridad||16 Mar 1972|
|Número de publicación||US 3789835 A, US 3789835A, US-A-3789835, US3789835 A, US3789835A|
|Cesionario original||R Whitman|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (2), Otras citas (2), Citada por (59), Clasificaciones (9)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Whitman [111 3,789,835 [451 Feb. 5, 1974 ILLUMINATING ATTACHMENTS FOR VAGINAL SPECULUM  Inventor: Robert S. Whitman, 6407 Beacon St., Pittsburgh, Pa. 15217  Filed: Mar. 16, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 235,333
 US. Cl. 128/18, 128/6  Int. Cl. A6lb 1/30, A6lb H06  Field of Search 128/17, l8, l3, 6, 23
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,231,702 7/1917 Cameron 128/13 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 566,999 7 11/1923 France 128/18 OTHER PUBLICATIONS A Comprehensive Guide To Purchasing-V. Mueller &
Co. Catalog, page 697.
Curvlite Medical Division Catalog-Page 3, 6-1939- 128-23.
Primary Examiner-Lucie l-I. Laudenslager Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Buell, Blenko & Ziesenheim  ABSTRACT A modified Graves Vaginal Speculum is provided having cooperating upper and lower blades pivoted with respect to one another, the upper blade having a longitudinal slot in the upper blade at the rear portion thereof, a removable light carrier member frictionally engaging the upper blade at the slot and curving rearwardly to engage a light source, said source and arm directing a light beam intermediate the two blades in their expanded position.
7 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENTEU 51974 3.789.835
sum 1 vor 2 PATENTED FEB 5 4 SHEET 2 OF 2 ILLUMINATING ATTACHMENTS FOR VAGINAL SPECULUM This invention relates to illuminating means for vaginal speculum and particularly to a removable illuminating means for use with the well-known Graves Vaginal Speculum.
The problem of internal illumination of the vaginal cavity through a speculum has been one that has faced the medical profession for many years.
Many kinds of optical apparatus have been proposed for use by the physicans in the past for inspection and examination of the interior of different body cavities. For example, there have been devices provided for examination of the ears, the rectal cavity, the bladder and urinary tract and the like as well as the vaginal cavity. However, these devices have not been generally used by the medical profession for vaginal examination and are in fact not readily adapted to use for examination of the vaginal cavity using the vaginal speculum. The devices which have been proposed for the purpose of vaginal examination have been unsatisfactory for a variety of reasons. In many cases they obstruct the vision of the deep internal parts of the vaginal cavity and thus obliterate the very areas that they are intended to illuminate. Other devices which have been proposed do not satisfactorily illuminate the deep interior of the cavity and in almost all cases the device which has been proposed-requires sterilization with the speculum or is designed to come into contact with the body cavity so that it must be sterilized with each use. This is a most unsatisfactory system, particularly where the light source itself must be sterilized.
The present invention is directed to an illuminating means including an adapter which is adapted to be used with the well-known and almost universally used Graves Vaginal Speculum or its equivalent. The adapter is designed to be attached to the vaginal speculum and to receive a removable light source so that the device itself is very simple. The adapter can be attached in such fashion that it does not contact the vaginal cavity and it can be readily sterilized, hot or cold, without serious damage to its structure. These considerations are all very important and make the structure of this invention uniquely satisfactory for this purpose.
Typical of the devices which have been proposed in the past are those illustrated in Gunning et al. US. Pat. Nos. 3,324,850; Strauch 3,075,516 and Wappler 1,913,780. These devices are subject to the defects which have been pointed out above and they have not met with acceptance in the medical profession.
I preferably provide a Graves Vaginal Speculum comprising cooperating upper and lower blades, a handle adjustable on the lower blade, a pivot on said handle carrying the upper blade a longitudinal slot in the upper blade at the rear portion, a removable light carrier member comprising a curved arm or blade portion having friction engaging means at one end adapted to engage the slot in the upper member of the speculum, clip means at the opposite end of the light carrier member adapted to engage and hold a light source and a light source in said clip. The light carrier member may include a fibre optics element into which the end of the light source projects and which element follows the blade of the light carrier member. The light carrier member may be made of stainless steel or any other suitable metal or it may be made of a suitable plastic having sufficient strength and resilience to engage the speculum and the light source. The light source is preferably a pen light engaged in the frictionv clamp of the light carrier member.
In the foregoing description I have set out certain objects, purposes and advantages of my invention. Other objects, purposes and advantages will be apparent from a consideration of the following description and the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a side isometric view of a Graves Speculum and illuminating means according to this invention;
FIG. 2 is a top isometric view of the speculum of FIG. 1 broken apart;
FIG. 3 is a bottom plan view of a second embodiment of the friction clamp structure of this invention;
FIG. 4 is a section on the line lVlV of FIG. 3; FIG. 5 is an end elevational view of the clamp of FIG.
FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of still a third embodiment of the clamp and lighting structure according to this invention;
FIG. 7 is a sectional view of the clamp and light source on the line VII-VII of FIG. 6; and
FIG. 8 is an end elevational view of the clamp and light source of FIG. 6.
Referring to the drawings I have illustrated a speculum according to this invention. The instrument consists of a standard Graves Speculum having a handle 10 connected to a lower blade 11, an upper blade 12 is pivotally attached to a riser mechanism 13 which is slidable in a track 14 in the handle. The riser mecha nism is selectively positioned by means of a'slot 15 in the riser mechanism which engages around a pin 16 carrying a threaded friction nut 17 on handle 10. The upper blade of the speculum is provided with a control bar 18 and thumb screw 19 by means of which the physician can cause the remote ends of the two blades to separate within the vaginal cavity as the blades are pivoted with respect to one another at the handle. A light carrier member 21 having a curved arm portion 22 is provided with a friction member at one end which engages within the slot 24 which is standard in the rear end of the upper blade of every Graves Speculum. The friction member is preferably formed of an upstanding web 25 on the end 22' of the arm portion with a thin flat plate 26 on the opposite side of the web whereby the arm portion 22' engages the top surface of the upper blade while the plate 26 engages the bottom surface of the upper blade on each side of slot 24. A cylindrical clip 30 is formed on the other end of the arm 22 removably receiving a pen light 31. The curvature of arm 22 is such that the pen light is focused into the vaginal cavity when the two blades are opened within the cavity. The view of the examining physician is thus not obstructed, yet the cavity is fully illuminated.
In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 3-5 the structure features which are identical to those of FIG. I bear like numbers with the suffix a. The only difference in structure is in the use of a resilient tang 40 in place of the plate 26.
Finally the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 6-8 is I also substantially the same as that of FIG. 1 in most light. The element 50 is bent and flattened along the body of the arm 22b to a fan shape and being formed at the opposite end 52 with the fibres parallel to each other and in a direction aimed at a point intermediate the opened blades of the speculum.
In the foregoing specification I have set out certain preferred embodiments of my invention, however, it will be understood that this invention may be otherwise embodied within the scope of the following claims.
1. A modified Graves Vaginal Speculum comprising cooperating upper and lower blades, a riser means adjustable on the lower blade, a pivot on said riser means pivotally carrying the upper blade, a longitudinal slot in the upper blade at the rear portion thereof, a removable light carrier member frictionally engaging said upper blade in said slot and forming a substantially smooth surface therewith, said light carrier member having a curved rearwardly extending arm, means on said carrier element for removably engaging a light source, a light source removably held in said means for engaging a light source outside the vaginal cavity, said light source and curved arm directing a light beam intermediate the two blades in their expanded position.
2. A speculum as claimed in claim 1 wherein the removable light carrier member frictionally engages the speculum between the arm and a spaced plate on the arm and held by a web adapted to fit within the speculum slot.
3. A speculum as claimed in claim 2 wherein the arm carries a fibre optics element which has a cylindrical end adjacent the light source and a wide flattened end at the remote end of the arm, said flattened end being fan shaped with the terminal ends of the fibres in parallel relationship.
4. A speculum as claimed in claim 1 wherein the light carrier element is of stainless steel.
5. A speculum as claimed in claim 1 wherein the arm is provided with spaced plates at one end connected by a web whereby the upper blade is frictionally engaged between the plates on opposite sides of the slot.
6. A speculum as claimed in claim 1 wherein the arm is made of plastic.
7. A modified Graves Speculum as claimed in claim 1 wherein the carrier element includes a top plate member substantially covering the slot in said speculum.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US1231702 *||4 May 1916||3 Jul 1917||William J Cameron||Illuminating attachment for retractors.|
|FR566999A *||Título no disponible|
|1||*||A Comprehensive Guide To Purchasing V. Mueller & Co. Catalog, page 697.|
|2||*||Curvlite Medical Division Catalog Page 3, 6 1939 128 23.|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US4067323 *||2 Dic 1975||10 Ene 1978||Concept Inc.||Light for vaginal speculum|
|US4300541 *||22 Ago 1980||17 Nov 1981||Kermit Burgin||Speculum lens structure|
|US4492220 *||15 Nov 1982||8 Ene 1985||Hayes Allen L||Vaginal speculum protector|
|US4592344 *||14 Dic 1983||3 Jun 1986||Scheer Peter M||Combination illuminator and lip and cheek expander|
|US4597383 *||25 Abr 1985||1 Jul 1986||Luxtec Corporation||Fiber-optic illuminated vaginal speculum|
|US4619248 *||19 Ago 1985||28 Oct 1986||Walsh David J||Light attachment for speculum|
|US4620534 *||1 Nov 1984||4 Nov 1986||New Mexico State University Foundation||Apparatus for insertion of an intravaginal article|
|US4905670 *||28 Dic 1988||6 Mar 1990||Adair Edwin Lloyd||Apparatus for cervical videoscopy|
|US5026368 *||22 Dic 1989||25 Jun 1991||Adair Edwin Lloyd||Method for cervical videoscopy|
|US5143054 *||6 May 1991||1 Sep 1992||Adair Edwin Lloyd||Cervical videoscope with detachable camera unit|
|US5179938 *||25 Feb 1991||19 Ene 1993||The Trylon Corporation||Apparatus for endoscopic examination of body cavity using chemiluminescent light source|
|US5251613 *||9 Jun 1992||12 Oct 1993||Adair Edwin Lloyd||Method of cervical videoscope with detachable camera|
|US5329938 *||16 Dic 1992||19 Jul 1994||The Trylon Corporation||Method for endoscopic examination of body cavity using chemilumine-scent light source|
|US5357978 *||12 Ene 1993||25 Oct 1994||Medtronic, Inc.||Rapid exchange guidewire loading attachment|
|US5785648 *||9 Oct 1996||28 Jul 1998||David Min, M.D., Inc.||Speculum|
|US5873820 *||22 May 1996||23 Feb 1999||Norell; Nils-Erik||Vaginal speculum|
|US6379296 *||26 Mar 1999||30 Abr 2002||Richard W. Baggett||Medical lighting device|
|US6416467||15 Sep 2000||9 Jul 2002||Mcmillin Matthew||Vaginal speculum and method of using same|
|US6432049||29 Ago 2000||13 Ago 2002||Linda Kay Banta||Adjustable vaginal speculum light|
|US6450952||22 Abr 1999||17 Sep 2002||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Medical body access device|
|US6589168||15 Ago 2001||8 Jul 2003||Robert Lee Thompson||Video gynecological examination apparatus|
|US6702741||19 Jul 2002||9 Mar 2004||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Medical body access device|
|US6830547 *||11 Mar 2002||14 Dic 2004||Sol Weiss||Attachment devices for surgical instruments|
|US6896650||27 Jun 2002||24 May 2005||Ethicon Inc.||System and method for assessing urinary function|
|US6916283||27 Jun 2002||12 Jul 2005||Ethicon, Inc.||System and method for assessing urinary function|
|US6997884||27 Jun 2002||14 Feb 2006||Ethicon, Inc.||System and method for assessing urinary function|
|US7004899||27 Jun 2002||28 Feb 2006||Ethicon, Inc.||System and method for assessing urinary function|
|US7052452||27 Jun 2002||30 May 2006||Ethicon, Inc.||System and method for assessing urinary function|
|US7056288||27 Jun 2002||6 Jun 2006||Ethicon Inc.||System and method for assessing urinary function|
|US7252631||30 Sep 2003||7 Ago 2007||Ethicon, Inc.||System and method for assessing detrusor instability|
|US7654954 *||2 Jul 2003||2 Feb 2010||Boss Instruments Ltd., Inc.||Surgical retractor clamp connectable to an arm of the retractor|
|US8142352||30 Mar 2007||27 Mar 2012||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Vaginal speculum assembly having portable illuminator|
|US8157728||3 Abr 2006||17 Abr 2012||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Vaginal speculum|
|US8388523||3 Jun 2009||5 Mar 2013||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Medical diagnostic instrument having portable illuminator|
|US8435175||26 Abr 2012||7 May 2013||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Vaginal speculum apparatus|
|US8821395||3 Abr 2006||2 Sep 2014||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Vaginal speculum apparatus|
|US9301673 *||12 Dic 2014||5 Abr 2016||Changchun SUN||Vaginal dilator for use in gynecologic examination|
|US9307897||22 Sep 2011||12 Abr 2016||Obp Corporation||Disposable speculum having lateral stabilizing mechanism|
|US9314149||15 Mar 2013||19 Abr 2016||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Illumination device, system, and method of use|
|US9332898 *||31 Ene 2014||10 May 2016||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Vaginal speculum apparatus|
|US9532706||6 Ago 2015||3 Ene 2017||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Vaginal speculum with illuminator|
|US20030023135 *||27 Jun 2002||30 Ene 2003||Ulf Ulmsten||System and method for assessing urinary function|
|US20030027326 *||27 Jun 2002||6 Feb 2003||Ulf Ulmsten||System and method for assessing urinary function|
|US20030028074 *||27 Jun 2002||6 Feb 2003||Tracey Michael R.||System and method for assessing urinary function|
|US20040133067 *||30 Sep 2003||8 Jul 2004||Tracey Michael R.||System and method for assessing detrusor instability|
|US20050085699 *||8 Dic 2004||21 Abr 2005||Sol Weiss||Attachment devices for surgical instruments|
|US20070230164 *||30 Mar 2007||4 Oct 2007||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Vaginal speculum assembly having portable illuminator|
|US20080228038 *||3 Abr 2006||18 Sep 2008||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Illumination Assembly For Use With Vaginal Speculum Apparatus|
|US20080269565 *||3 Abr 2006||30 Oct 2008||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Vaginal Speculum Apparatus|
|US20100191067 *||8 Jul 2009||29 Jul 2010||Tien-Sheng Chen||Cervix Examination device and cervix examination set|
|US20140148653 *||31 Ene 2014||29 May 2014||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Vaginal speculum apparatus|
|US20150282696 *||12 Dic 2014||8 Oct 2015||Guangzhou Yulin Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.||Vaginal dilator for use in gynecologic examination|
|USD753295||27 Jun 2014||5 Abr 2016||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Illuminator for a medical device or the like|
|USD759868 *||17 Oct 2012||21 Jun 2016||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Illuminator for a medical device or the like|
|CN103251373A *||3 May 2013||21 Ago 2013||马莉||Vaginal dilator with optical fiber illumination device|
|EP0889707A1 *||6 Feb 1997||13 Ene 1999||Pinotage, LLC||Video gynecological examination apparatus|
|EP0889707A4 *||6 Feb 1997||16 Jun 1999||Pinotage Llc||Video gynecological examination apparatus|
|WO2003001972A2 *||27 Jun 2002||9 Ene 2003||Ethicon, Inc.||A system and method for assessing urinary function|
|WO2003001972A3 *||27 Jun 2002||8 May 2003||Ethicon Inc||A system and method for assessing urinary function|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||600/223, 600/249, 600/221|
|Clasificación internacional||A61B1/32, A61B1/07|
|Clasificación cooperativa||A61B1/32, A61B1/07|
|Clasificación europea||A61B1/32, A61B1/07|