|Número de publicación||US381077 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||10 Abr 1888|
|Fecha de presentación||6 Jun 1887|
|Número de publicación||US 381077 A, US 381077A, US-A-381077, US381077 A, US381077A|
|Inventores||Geoege S. Long|
|Cesionario original||F Two|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citada por (5), Clasificaciones (1)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
P TENT OFFICE.
GEORGES. oNe,,o HARTFORD, OONNEGTIGUT,ASSIGNOR or TWO-THIRDS I TO EDWARD H. JUDD AND FEEDER/K c. ROCKWELL, OF SAME PLACE.
'spncrrica rron forming part of Letters Patent No. 381,077, dated ApriI 10, 1888.
I I 1 Application filed June 6, 1887. Serial No. fl t 0,351 (No model.) I I 7 To all whom it may concern.- Be it known that I, GEORGE S. LONG,0f Hartford, in the county of Hartford and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and 5 useful Improvements in Barrels, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, whereby'any one skilled in the 'art can make-and use the same. 1 My improvement relates, in part, to the roclass of barrels'that are formed of staves or sections of material arranged in layers as to thickness, the several layers breaking joints or overlappingleach other in the completed structure; audit also relates to the devices I 5 making up the barrel as a whole, and to means for holding the same together.
The object of my improvement is to'provide a barrel made in multiple layers as to thickness of the component staves with inter 2o locking parts, and also to provide a barrel with an improved head and means'for supporting and securing the head in place, and also for securing thehoops to the barrel; and to this end my invention consists in a barrel having a series of peculiarhollow indentations near the ends of the staves, that form within the barrel a shoulder to support the head and a recess to receive the end of a clamp.
It further consists in a barrel made up in 0 sections of suitable fibrous'material, prefer-' ably paper or straw board, in a plural number of layers, andprovided with hollow indentations having angular shoulders onthe side 7 near the ends of the stave, and that interlock depthwise of the layers.
' It further consists in a barrel having the per culiar shouldered indentations within it near the ends; to support the head, in combination with a concaved head having a beveled edge 40 that rests upon the said shoulders and within the barrel. 1 i It-further consists in a barrel made up of a number of sections in multiple layers with hollow indentations that form locking-lugs on I one side and a socket on the other, in combination with a hoop-clamp and'a hoop; and it out in the claims.
indentations is such that a shoulder,
clamp isdirectly to hold the end hoops, c, on 10 with my invention, with parts broken away to show construction. Fig. 2is a detailview, on i enlargedscale', in vertical sectionthrough the 7 Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a per-' I,
spective view of a barrel made in accordance stave-sections, c,- d, theheads, and e e'the I hoopsby' which the barrel parts are/held to;- 6
gether. These stave-sections are preferabl'y straw-board-or sheets ofypaper-pulp, or the like, that are of the requisite thicknessv and cutto-theproper shape to form the sections of a bilged barrel. The barrel proper-is made up of any convenient number of layers of'suchstave-sections, two, however, being preferably used and usually found sufficient. for the ordinary purposes or use of a barrel but'the num- 7 5 j Y ,ber oflayers will of course depend, upon the 7 use to which the barrel is to be putandithe I formed of sheetsof fibrousmaterialsuchas strength required therein. .Thesestave-see I I tions preferably'overlap or break joints with each other depthwise of the stave, for obvious 8o In order that these stavesections may be more closely held together and pre-- vented from moving lengthwise orlaterally upon each other, I makeuse of the hollowindentations f, formed in the substance of the '8 5 staves and'projecting inward,"these;projections being so formed as to interlock with each other, as shown in Fig. 2. The shape of the formed on the upper side within the barrel and 0 a similar shoulder facing in the opposite-direction on the outerside of the barrel. The
purpose or function v of'lthesehollow indentae tions is to serve as a" means for holding the several stave-sections in proper relation to 5 form a shoulder within the barrel to support the head, and also to form on the outside of r the barrel a recess of proper shape to receive one endof a clamp, y The purpose of the the outer side of the barrel.
the barrel, and indirectly to secure the head in the barrel by thus holding the hoops firmly in place.
The clamp g is preferably made of a sheet or strip of metal of suitable thickness,with an inturned foot, 9, preferably sharpened or provided with holdingpoints, and this end is adapted to engage the shoulder on the outside of the barrel. It is evident, however, that a clamp of this kind may be secured at any point by driving the sharpened feet into the substance of the barrel where it is thick enough, and when it is'thus secured its other end may be turned over the edge of a hoop, and thus hold it from slipping out of place.
The head 01 may be of any convenient form and material adapted for this purpose; but I prefer to use a head made of the same materialstraw-board or the like-of which the barrel-stave sections are composed, the said head fitting closely within the barrel before the end hoops are driven thereon, and being also concaved. There is no croze formed in the ends of the staves, as the shoulders on the indentations serve to support the barrel-head in proper position, the edge of the head being preferably thickened by turning up a flange, so as to present a broad bearing-surface that is tapered or bevels inward to fit the sloping surface of the inside of the stavesectious, as clearly shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings. When such a head is placed within the barrel with its inner side resting upon the shoulders f of the projections, the clamps g are placed upon the outside around the edge of the-barrel, and a hoop is driven thereon outside of the body of each clamp and inclosing the clamps between the innerside of the hoop and The head is secured in place by turning the outer ends of the clamps outward and downward over the edge of the hoop.
The object of making the head concave is to prevent it from bulging out, and this result is due to the arched form,that causes any pressure from within the barrel that would tend to push the head out to be met by the thrust of the edge of the head upon the edges of the staves, and this thrust is directly opposed by the hoops around the outside of the barrel, as well as by the substance of the staves.
I claim as my invention- 1. In a barrel or like package, in combination, a number of stave-sections of straw-board or like fibrous material arranged in layers that break joints with each other, the staves of each layer being provided with interlocking and inturned hollow indentations, the adjacent walls of which on the side near the ends of the stave form angular shoulders, and the hoops whereby the stave-sections are held together, all substantially as described.
2. In combination with the outer stave-sections, b, the inner stave-sections, 0, having the inward'projecting and interlocking hollow indentations f, forming the shoulders f within the barrel, the head (I, resting on the said shoulders,and with an upturned flange around its edge that fits upon and conforms to the straight slope of the inner side of the staves, and the hoops, all substantially as described.
3. In a barrel or like package, the combination of the stave-sections b a, made of sheets of fibrous material, as straw-board, each section having the hollow indentations f, that serve as looking devices for the sections and as a head-support, the barrel-head made of like fibrous material and having the flanged and beveled edge, and the hoops whereby the barrel'sections are held together, all substantially as described.
4. The combination, with the stave-sections b a, of sheets of fibrous or pulpy material, as paper, having the hollow indentationsf, with shoulder f, that forms the head-support, a head, d, a hoop inclosing the staves near the end, and a locking-clamp, g, with its foot 9' held in place in the hollow of the indentations and its free end turned over the outer edge of a hoop, all substantially as described.
- GEORGE S. LONG. \Vitnesses:
' GHAs. L. BURDETT,
A. B. JENKINS.
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