|Número de publicación||US3828544 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||13 Ago 1974|
|Fecha de presentación||3 Oct 1972|
|Fecha de prioridad||4 Oct 1971|
|También publicado como||DE2149426A1, DE2149426B2, DE2149426C3|
|Número de publicación||US 3828544 A, US 3828544A, US-A-3828544, US3828544 A, US3828544A|
|Cesionario original||Olbo Textilwerke Gmbh Fa|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (8), Citada por (48), Clasificaciones (10)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
[111 3,828,544 [451 Aug. 13, 1974 TWO-COMPONENT YARNS  Inventor: Heinrich Alker, Solingen, Germany  -Assignee: Firma Olbo Textilwerke GmbH,
Solingen-Ohligs, Germany  Filed: Oct. '3, 1972  Appl. No.: 294,674
 Foreign Application Priority Data Oct. 4, 1971 Germany 2149426  US. Cl. 57/152, 57/140 BY, 87/6  Int. Cl. D02g 3/36  Field of Search... 57/139, 144, 140 R, 140 BY, 57/152, 157 R, 160, 163, 3, 5; 87/6, 7
3,487,628 1/1970 Csok 57/163 X Primary ExaminerDonald E. Watkins Attorney, Agent, or FirmMandeville and Schweitzer  ABSTRACT A two-component yarn, one of the components consisting of an endless yarn core deformable partly elastically and partly plastically, the other component consisting of staple fibres and slippable with respect to the core if the yarn undergoes appreciable expansion or elongation. The staple fibres may surround the endless yarn in the form of a spun covering, or be twisted around the endless yarn in the form of a thread or yarn. The staple fibres consists of cotton, rayon staple or plastics fibres and the endless yarn of 'unstretched synthetic material such as Nylon, polyester or similar plastics.
The two-component yarn can be used to produce various threads, fabrics, woven materials, plaited materials, non-woven materials of parallel strands or other flat textiles of high strength and great uniformity.
9 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PAIENIEB we: 3mm
TWO-COMPONENT YARNS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a two-component yarn.
Two-component yarns in the form of so-called corespun yarns consisting of synthetic threads or the like with a spun covering are known. Core-spun yarns are produced in order to give synthetic threads or synthetic yarns a textile character, but little attention has so far been paid to the strength properties of the two components of this yarn. On the contrary, the strength of the synthetic threads has been entirely relied upon to give the core-spun yarns the required strength, the textile covering having been regarded merely as an outer protection.
The general object of the present invention, on the other hand, is to provide a two-component yarn of which the two components are adapted to each other and arranged in respect of each other in such a way as to produce a new type of yarn which will completely retain its character even after undergoing appreciable elongation.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Toachieve this object, in accordance with the present invention there is provided a two-component yarn wherein one of its components consists of an endless yarn core deformable partly elastically and partly plastically, its other component consisting of staple fibres and slippable with respect to the core if the yarn core undergoes appreciable expansion or elongation. This two-component yarn according to the invention thus comprises plastic component of stable shape and a component in which the individual strands thereof are capable of slipping with respect to each other and the core and which more or less surrounds the first component, which offers the advantage that the component consisting of the staple fibres always surrounds or supplements that consisting of endless thread in the desired manner, even in the event of appreciable elongation, i.e., the component consisting of staple fibres does not break if the endless yarnundergoes appreciable elongation but only if the latter itself breaks. The strength and load-resisting properties of the twocomponent yarn to which the invention relates are thus determined solely by the endless yarn, but the textile character of this two-component yarn remains practically unaltered even in the event of appreciable elongation. This offers the advantage that even when subjected to extra loads the two-component yarn will not separate into its respective components, so that it is suitable for numerous applications, e.g. as filling thread for fabric inserts for the substructure of vehicle tires or for other industrial textiles which are subjected to considerable strains and which are highly extensible elastically and/or plastically.
In one preferred practical version of the invention the staple fibres surround the endless yarn in the form of a spun covering. It is also possible, however, to form from the staple fibres a thread or yarn which is twisted around the endless yarn.
The component consisting of the staple fibres, in the form of thread or yarn, preferably has a tensile strength of at least 50g. The twists of this covering component are so arranged, that above this strength the staple fibres of this component slip apart. The component consisting of staple fibres is thus prevented from breaking even if the two-component yarn is subjected to high loads or elongation.
The other component, consisting of endless yarn, has an expansion or elongation of at least 60 percent with a tensile strength of 200 g. Such high expansion capacity cannot be found in conventional textile yarns, so that with the known two-component yarns it was hitherto not possible to admit such a degree of expansion or elongation, unless the risk of breakage in the textile covering component could be accepted.
For example, the staple fibres consist of cotton, rayon staple or plastic fibres and the endless yarn of unstretched synthetic material such as nylon, polyester or similar plastics. Materials of this kind are suitable as a means of enabling the staple fibre component to slip in the desired manner in the aforementioned load range without the breaking of the thread and of rendering the desired high degree of expansion of elongation to be obtained in the two-component yarn without depriving it of its textile character.
The two components of the yarn can be twisted together if they are both present as yarns. It is also possible, however, for the two components to be spun together. The spinning machine devices required for this purpose are largely known but have to be adapted to the very sensitive unstretched plastics material of which one of the components consists.
Owing to the component of stable shape, consisting of endless yarn, the two-component yarn to which the invention relates can be spun with a high degree of expansion or elongation.
A fabric produced from two-component yarn according to the invention can also be shaped in a simple manner and possibly fixed.
The yarn according to the invention is used, in particular, for the purpose of producing various threads, fabrics, woven materials, plaited materials, non-woven materials of parallel strands or other flat textiles of higher strength and greater uniformity than was possible previously.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Embodiments of the invention will now be described byway of example, with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. 1 shows a two-component yarn according to the invention with a core of endless yarn with a spun covering of staple fibres;
FIG. 2 is a cross-section, on a larger scale, through the two-component yarn shown in FIG. I; and
FIG. 3 shows an alternative embodiment of a twocomponent yarn'in accordance with the invention.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The first version of a two-component yarn ll according to the invention, shown in FIG. 1 in more than normal size and in FIG. 2 on a still larger scale, has a core 2, made of an unstretched plastics, such as nylon or polyester, with a covering 3 of staple fibres. The covering 3 is spun around the core 2. The staple fibres may be of cotton, rayon staple or plastics.
The core 2, consisting of endless yarn, is highly expansible elastically and/or plastically and thus constitutes that component of the yarn I which is of stable shape.
The outer covering 3, on the other hand, owing to its formation and material, is capable of slipping within the range of the higher degree of elongation allowed by the core 2, if the two-component yarn is subjected to excessive expansion or elongation, i.e. the outer covering 3 will not break away from the core 2 or suffer any breakages or otherwise become detached but is capable of following all the movements performed by the said core 2.
A two-component yarn 4 shown in FIG. 3 consists of two yarns and 6 twisted together, the yarn 5 again consisting of endless yarn of unstretched plastics such as nylon or polyester, while the yarn 6 consists of staple fibres, such as cotton, rayon staple or plastics fibres. In this case likewise the yarn 5 constitutes the component of stable shape, with high elastic and/or plastic expansibility, e.g. allowing expansion or elongation of at least 60 percent, with a tensile strength of 200 g., while the yarn 6 having a tensile strength of at least 50g., is capable of slipping, without breaking, in the range of higher elongation, so that the two-component yarn 4 will not separate or break even when subjected to excessive loads or elongation. The component consisting of staple fibres will thus not break before the component of stable shape.
The two-component yarn 4 shown in FIG. 3 is likewise illustrated in a size considerably exceeding the normal dimensions. The twisting between the two yarns 5 and 6 can also be more intensive than shown in the drawing.
1. A two-component yarn comprising a first component of an endless unstretched yarn core; said first component being deformable elastically and plastically; and a second component substantially surrounding said first component; and said second component being slippable with respect to said core when said core undergoes appreciable expansion or elongation.
2. Yarn in accordance with claim 1, wherein the two components consist of yarns twisted together.
3. Yarn in accordance with claim 1, wherein said second component comprises staple fibres which are spun around the endless yarn.
4. Yarn in accordance with claim 1, wherein said first component, in the form of thread or yarn, has a strength of at least 50g.
5. Yarn in accordance with claim 4, wherein the individual fibres of said second component slip apart when subjected to a higher load than 50g.
6. Yarn in accordance with claim 1, wherein said first component has an expansion or elongation of at least percent with a tensile strength of 200g.
7. Yarn in accordance with claim 1, wherein said second component comprises staple fibres consisting of cotton, rayon staple, or plastics such as nylon, polyester or similar plastics.
8. Yarn in accordance with claim 1, wherein said first component consists of nylon, polyester or similar plastics.
9. A textile fabric comprised of the said twocomponent yarn of claim 1.
|Patente citada||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US2313058 *||17 Jul 1941||9 Mar 1943||Sylvania Ind Corp||Textile product and method of making the same|
|US3017740 *||24 Dic 1958||23 Ene 1962||Du Pont||Process for core-spinning smooth elastic yarn|
|US3035476 *||23 Feb 1961||22 May 1962||Samson Cordage Works||Braided cord|
|US3098347 *||20 Mar 1962||23 Jul 1963||Parayarn Eiastic Co||Elastic yarn and method of making the same|
|US3234724 *||16 Oct 1963||15 Feb 1966||Rohm & Haas||Composite elastic yarn and the process therefor|
|US3393505 *||21 Nov 1966||23 Jul 1968||Hale Mfg Company||Composite elastic yarn|
|US3460338 *||13 Mar 1964||12 Ago 1969||Burlington Industries Inc||Stretch yarn|
|US3487628 *||30 Sep 1966||6 Ene 1970||Du Pont||Core-spun yarns,fabrics and process for the preparation thereof|
|Patente citante||Fecha de presentación||Fecha de publicación||Solicitante||Título|
|US4191221 *||30 Ago 1978||4 Mar 1980||Fieldcrest Mills, Inc.||Sheeting fabric formed of corespun yarns|
|US4225442 *||22 Ago 1978||30 Sep 1980||Brunswick Corporation||Core spun filtration roving|
|US4321854 *||1 Jun 1979||30 Mar 1982||Berkley & Company, Inc.||Composite line of core and jacket|
|US4565060 *||27 Feb 1985||21 Ene 1986||Officine Savio S.P.A.||Device to carry out doubling-twisting operations and twisted yarn obtained with said device|
|US4651514 *||1 Nov 1984||24 Mar 1987||Nationwide Glove Co. Inc.||Electrically nonconductive, abrasion and cut resistant yarn|
|US5010723 *||26 Oct 1989||30 Abr 1991||Wilen Manufacturing||Twisted yarn which will maintain its twist and products produced therefrom|
|US5555716 *||2 Nov 1994||17 Sep 1996||Basf Corporation||Yarn having microfiber sheath surrounding non-microfiber core|
|US5649414 *||21 Jun 1996||22 Jul 1997||Mcdonnell Douglas Corp.||Sling with braided sleeve covering|
|US5735110 *||18 Mar 1997||7 Abr 1998||Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft||Core yarn with a core of high strength polyester material, production thereof and use of selected polyester material for producing core yarns|
|US5852926 *||25 Ago 1997||29 Dic 1998||Wellington Leisure Products, Inc.||Balanced strand cordage|
|US5866216 *||17 Jul 1997||2 Feb 1999||Davlyn Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Sound absorbent fabric sleeves|
|US5960621 *||22 May 1998||5 Oct 1999||Wellman, Inc.||Spinning apparatus, method of producing yarns, and resulting yarns|
|US6142104 *||1 Mar 1999||7 Nov 2000||Equibrand Corporation||Lariat rope body|
|US6212914||16 Abr 1999||10 Abr 2001||Supreme Elastic Corporation||Knit article having ravel-resistant edge portion and composite yarn for making ravel-resistant knit article|
|US6230524||6 Ago 1999||15 May 2001||Supreme Elastic Corporation||Composite yarn having fusible constituent for making ravel-resistant knit article and knit article having ravel-resistant edge portion|
|US6367290||10 Abr 2001||9 Abr 2002||Supreme Elastic Corporation||Knit article having ravel-resistant edge portion and composite yarn for making ravel-resistant knit article|
|US6410140 *||14 Nov 2000||25 Jun 2002||Basf Corporation||Fire resistant corespun yarn and fabric comprising same|
|US6553749||13 May 2002||29 Abr 2003||Mckinnon-Land, Llc||Fire resistant corespun yarn and fabric comprising same|
|US6606846||10 Sep 2001||19 Ago 2003||Mckinnon-Land, Llc||Fire resistant corespun yarn and fabric comprising same|
|US6620212||5 Oct 2000||16 Sep 2003||Mckinnon-Land, Llc||Method of dyeing a corespun yarn and dyed corespun yarn|
|US6701703 *||23 Oct 2001||9 Mar 2004||Gilbert Patrick||High performance yarns and method of manufacture|
|US7175519 *||8 Feb 2002||13 Feb 2007||Fra Production Spa||Elastic band for tying chickens and like animals to be cooked|
|US7472535||4 May 2004||6 Ene 2009||Casual Living Worldwide, Inc.||Coreless synthetic yarns and woven articles therefrom|
|US7472536||29 Jun 2004||6 Ene 2009||Casual Living Worldwide, Inc.||Coreless synthetic yarns and woven articles therefrom|
|US7472961||29 Jul 2004||6 Ene 2009||Casual Living Worldwide, Inc.||Woven articles from synthetic yarns|
|US7476630||1 Abr 2005||13 Ene 2009||Casual Living Worldwide, Inc.||Woven articles from synthetic self twisted yarns|
|US7700022||28 Sep 2005||20 Abr 2010||Casual Living Worldwide, Inc.||Woven articles from synthetic self twisted yarns|
|US7823979||30 Ene 2009||2 Nov 2010||Casual Living Worldwide, Inc.||Woven articles from synthetic yarn|
|US7892989||29 Jul 2004||22 Feb 2011||Casual Living Worldwide, Inc.||Woven articles from synthetic self twisted yarns|
|US8052907||20 Abr 2010||8 Nov 2011||Sun Isle Usa, Llc||Woven articles from synthetic self twisted yarns|
|US9131790 *||21 Feb 2014||15 Sep 2015||Aavn, Inc.||Proliferated thread count of a woven textile by simultaneous insertion within a single pick insertion event of a loom apparatus multiple adjacent parallel yarns drawn from a multi-pick yarn package|
|US20050031653 *||28 Ago 2002||10 Feb 2005||Klaus Kwetkat||Sprayable o/w emulsions of a low viscosity|
|US20050106966 *||29 Jul 2004||19 May 2005||Sun Isle Casual Furniture, Llc||Woven articles from synthetic yarns|
|US20050106974 *||29 Jun 2004||19 May 2005||Larry Schwartz||Coreless synthetic yarns and woven articles therefrom|
|US20050106975 *||29 Jul 2004||19 May 2005||Sun Isle Casual Furniture, Llc||Woven articles from synthetic self twisted yarns|
|US20050124278 *||8 Feb 2002||9 Jun 2005||Giuseppe Mignone||Elastic band for tying chickens and like animals to be cooked|
|US20050191923 *||1 Abr 2005||1 Sep 2005||Sun Isle Casual Furniture, Llc||Woven articles from synthetic self twisted yarns|
|US20060021668 *||28 Sep 2005||2 Feb 2006||Sun Isle Usa, Llc||Woven articles from synthetic self twisted yarns|
|US20060099867 *||21 Dic 2005||11 May 2006||Sun Isle Usa, Llc||Woven articles from synthetic self twisted yarns|
|US20060116041 *||9 Dic 2004||1 Jun 2006||Sun Isle Casual Furniture, Llc||Yarn having lateral projections|
|US20060225399 *||9 Jun 2006||12 Oct 2006||Sun Isle Usa, Llc||Method of making furniture with synthetic woven material|
|US20060225400 *||14 Jun 2006||12 Oct 2006||Sun Isle Usa, Llc||Method of making furniture with synthetic woven material|
|US20150047736 *||21 Feb 2014||19 Feb 2015||Arun Agarwal||Proliferated thread count of a woven textile by simultaneous insertion within a single pick insertion event of a loom apparatus multiple adjacent parallel yarns drawn from a multi-pick yarn package|
|DE2748747A1 *||31 Oct 1977||11 May 1978||Teijin Ltd||Reifenkordgewebe|
|EP0468067A1 *||24 Jul 1990||29 Ene 1992||Nissinbo Industries, Inc.||Yarn for use in setup|
|EP1342822A1 *||13 Feb 2003||10 Sep 2003||Wolford Aktiengesellschaft||Highly elastic knitted fabric|
|WO1997048841A1 *||17 Jun 1997||24 Dic 1997||Mc Donnell Douglas Corp||Sling with braided sleeve covering|
|WO2009115623A1 *||8 Oct 2008||24 Sep 2009||Hispanocatalana De Textiles, S.L.||Composite yarn with an untwisted cotton sheath|
|Clasificación de EE.UU.||57/210, 87/6, 57/211, 57/224|
|Clasificación internacional||D02G3/36, D02G3/32|
|Clasificación cooperativa||D02G3/36, D02G3/32|
|Clasificación europea||D02G3/32, D02G3/36|