US 3832213 A
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Aug. 27, 1974 A. BRENNER 3,332,213
METHOD FOR APPLYING GLUE TO LEADING AND TRAILING EDGES OF A WRAPPER SHEET Original Filed March 13, 1970 4 Sheets-$haet 1 Aug. 27, 1974 L. A. BRENNER METHOD FOR APPLYING GLUE T0 LEADING AND TRAILING EDGES OF A WRAPPER SHEET Original Filed March 13, 1970 4 Sheets-Sheet I METHOD FOR APPLYING GLUE T0 LEADING AND TRAILING EDGES OF A WRAPPER SHEET Aug. 27, 1974 L. A. BRENNER 3,832,213
Original Filed March 13, 1970 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 1 f I. LEADING EDGE SEQUENCE 2 7 l 7 contacts l6, frotates, 26 actuated, 22 moves as 27 E STOPS to left 28 7 A I I E J I Is I I I 8. FIRST TIMER STARTS 26 F. LIMIT SWITCH= 7 stops& retracts 22 stops 26 deactivted l ILL C. GLUE STARTS l6 I Ei 1 G. LEADING EDGE GLUED I Li A I D. SECOND TIMER STARTS Aug. 27, 1974 I... A. BRENNER 3,832,213
METHOD FOR APPLYING GLUE T0 LEADING AND TRAILING EDGES OF A WRAPPER SHEET Original Filed March 13, 1970 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.
I i A, ACTUATE GLUER= 7 contacts I6 7ro1o1es,
26 acIuuled 22 moves IO 'right GLUE STOPS 26 27 F F LIMIT SWITCH (stops 8 retracts, 22 stops 2? deactivated C. GLUE STARTS G.TRAII ING EDGE GLLED D. TIMER STARTS United States Patent p 3,832,213. Patented Aug. 27, 1974 US. Cl. 117-44 5 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Glue is applied to a roller by means of a glue supply head which traverses the length of the roller. The flow of glue can be initiated and terminated at predetermined times during a single traverse thus providing a layer of glue on the roller neatly and occupying a predetermined length of the roller. The layer is then transferred to the wrapper sheet. Where the glue is to be transferred to a leading edge, the glue flow is initiated and terminated at times to give a glue layer which is less in width than the width of the wrapper sheet. When the glue is to be transferred to a trailing edge, the width of the glue layer is equal to the width of the wrapper sheet. The device preferably includes photodetector means moveable with the glue supply means to initiate and terminate the glue flows a set time after the side edges of the wrapper sheet are detected by the photodetector means.
This is a division of application Ser. No. 19,419, filed Mar. 13, 1970, now US. Pat. No. 3,688,735.
The invention relates to a system of applying glue. More particularly, the invention relates to a method and appara tus for applying glue to both the leading and trailing edges of a protective wrapper sheet used to wrap the outer periphery of large rolls of paper, such as newsprint rolls.
In the manufacture of paper, such as newsprint, it is customary to supply it in the form of large rolls which are individually enclosed in a wrapper sheet which is secured to the paper roll by glue adhesive applied to the trailing edge of the wrapper, or applied to both the leading and trailing edges. It is preferable to apply glue to the leading edge as well as the trailing edge to avoid the necessity of manually guiding the leading edge of the wrapper sheet up and around the paper roll until it is caught in its own nip. The glue present on the leading edge of the wrapper sheet will key the wrapper sheet to the roll and obviate the necessity of employing operators to manually guide the wrapper sheet around the paper roll. It is, of course, essential to apply glue to the full width of the trailing edge of the wrapper sheet in order to effectively enc'ose the paper roll and prevent unintentional tearing of the wrapper sheet. However, the presence of glue across the full width of the leading edge of the wrapper sheet is generally undesirable since it frequently happens that glue passes over the outer edge of the paper roll thus adhering together several convolutions of paper. This causes waste and difiiculty in preparing the paper roll for ultimate use.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus and method for applying a uniform layer of glue to the leading and trailing edges of a wrapper sheet. It is a further object of providing such a method and apparatus wherein the uniform layers of glue of varying widths can be provided. It is still a further object to provide such a method and apparatus wherein a first uniform layer having a width less than that of a Wrapped sheet is applied to the leading edge thereof, and a second uniform layer having a width equal to that of the wrapper sheet is applied to the trailing edge thereof.
These and other objects of the invention will become apparent from the following description including the drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a generalized diagrammatic view of apparatus used to apply a wrapper sheet to a paper roll;
FIG. 2 is a side elevation of a glue applying device according to the invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the glue applying device of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a portion of the device shown in FIG. 2 showing the arrangement of photode-- tector means on a glue spreader;
FIG. SI (AG) is a diagram depicting the leading edge sequence of operation of the device of FIG. 2 and FIG.
FIG. 6 is a diagrammatic view of an alternative glue app ying device according to the invention.
, The method and apparatus of the invention are utilized in a roll wrapping system depicted diagrammatically in FIG. 1. The system comprises a wrapper sheet dispenser which includes a supply of wrapper sheet, in this case a roll 1 on which is wound a continuous length of wrapper sheet stock 2, which is usually paper, but can comprise any suitable protective sheet material. The dispenser also includes a pair of nip rolls 3 which advance the wrapper sheet stock 2 from the supply roll 1 past a cutter 4 shown as a knife moveable against the wrapper stock positioned at an anvil. The system also includes a gluer 5 according to the present invention which provides a layer of glue on the leading and trailing edges of the wrapper sheet. After passing the gluer 5, the wrapper is guided into contact with a paper roll 6 to be wrapped at the wrapping station of the system. The dashed line between the cutter and paper roll 6 shows the path of travel of a wrapper sheet to the paper roll. The glued leading edge of the wrapper sheet is brought into contact with the paper roll and rotation thereof pulls the wrapper around the paper roll. After a suitable length of Wrapper sheet has been metered from the supply roll, the cutter is actuated and the wrapper, after glue is applied to the trailing edge, is
wrapped around the paper roll to provide a finished product.
The system shown is conventional, except for the gluer to be described in detail subsequently and it is to be understood that the gluer according to the invention is useful in other conventional systems wherein a wrapper sheet is passed from a wrapper supply station to a roll wrapping station. Other systems are Well known in the art and are disclosed, for example, in Paper Trade Journal, Feb. 3,' 1969, pages 38 et seq., which disclosure is incorporated herein by reference.
The gluing device according to the present invention generally comprises a roller mounted for rotation about its horizontal axis, means to rotate said roller, glue supply means to apply a stream of glue to the periphery of said roller, means to move said glue supply means longitudinally of said roller during rotation thereof to traverse the length of said roller to provide a layer of glue thereon,
transfer means to transfer said layer of glue to a wrapper sheet at a gluing location, said transfer means comprising said roller and having a gluing position wherein said glue V point laterally inwards of a first end of said roller to a second point laterally inwards of the other end ofsaid roller to provide a first layer of glue on said roller, said first layer being less in width than the width of said wrapper sheet, applying said glue of said first layer to the leading edge of said wrapper sheet at said glue applying station to provide an area of glue thereon Which does not extend to either side edge of said wrapper sheet, applying a second portion of glue to said roller by laterally traversing the roller with said stream of glue directed on said roller to provide a second layer of glue on said roller, said second layer being substantially equal in width to the width of said wrapper sheet, and applying the glue of said second layer to the trailing edge of said wrapper sheet at said glue applying station to provide an area of glue thereon which extends to the side edges of said wrapper sheet.
A gluing device according to the invention useful in the system shown in FIG. 1 is shown in detail in FIGS. 2-4. A glue roller 7 is journaled for rotation on shaft 8 in blocks 9 which are moveable horizontally in a slot 10 provided in support member 11. Blocks 9 are restrained from lateral movement out of slot 10 by a key 12 which rides in groove 13. Blocks 9 are moveable horizontally between three positions by an arm (not shown) actuated by an air cylinder. In the first position, shown in solid lines, glue roller 7 engages glue spreading roller 16 and rotation of the glue roller 7 causes rotation of the glue spreading roller 16 which is free to rotate. In a third position, shown by dashed lines 15, the glue roller 7 is brought into close proximity to a back-up roller 17 rotatable on shaft 18 mounted for rotation in a suitable support member, not shown. The back-up roller 17 can be driven at the same speed as glue roller 7 or may be free to rotate. Alternatively, the back up roller may be replaced by a smooth flat surface since it is not required that the glue roller and back up roller engage the wrapper sheet 2 which passes therebetween. The back up roller and glue roller are spaced sufiiciently close together in the third position such that the glue roller contacts the wrapper sheet 2 to transfer glue from the glue roller to the wrapper sheet. The peripheral speed of the glue roller and the back up roller, if driven, are each equal to or greater than the linear speed of the wrapper sheet. In an alternative arrangement, the glue roller 7 is moveable only between the first and second positions and the back up roller (or surface) is moveable from the position shown in the drawings to the left to a position in close proximity to the second position of the glue roller 7, the system otherwise operating in the same manner.
In the device shown, the glue is applied to the glue roller 7 by means of a glue provided on a glue spreading roller 16 from a glue supply head 19 which is moveable longitudinally of the glue spreading roller 16. The glue spreading roller is mounted for rotation on a shaft 20 in a fixed support member 21. Alternatively, the roller 16 may be moveable between a first position as shown in the drawings and a second position to the right thereof to be in engagement with glue roller 7 when that roller is in the second position 14. In that event, roller 7 is not required to be moveable into the first position shown. Thus, roller 7 can be moveable between the second and third position or fixed in which case both the glue spreading roller 16 and the back up roller 17 (or back up surface) are each moveable to engage the fixed glue roller 7.
A glue spreading member 22 located adjacent the glue spreading roller 16 receives glue pumped from a reservoir 22a by means of a pump 22b as shown diagrammatically in FIG. 1 and omitted from FIGS. 2-4 for simplicity. Glue spreader 22 is supported in a rear portion 23 of support member 21 such that the glue spreading head 19 is in close proximity to glue spreading roller 16 to direct a flow of glue through aperture 19a to the periphery thereof. The glue spreader is also moveable from side to side in the sense of FIG. 4 such that the glue spreading head is moved longitudinally of the glue spreading roller from end to end thereof. The glue spreader 22 is moved by means of a threaded shaft 24 which cooperates with a .4 threaded member 25 integral with glue spreader 22. Shaft 24 is journaled for rotation in members 23 and is driven by a reversible motor, not shown. Rods 24a and 24b prevent the spreader 22 from rotating about shaft 24.
In an alternative arrangement shown in FIG. 6, the glue spreading roller can be omitted and the glue stream applied directly to glue roller 7'. In this case, only two positions are required: a first position, shown in FIG. 6, where the glue roller 7' and back up roller 17 are out of contact and roller 7' adjacent glue supply means 22 at a gluing location, and a second position where the rollers are in contact. Thus, the single roller 7' can be fixed and roller 17 moveable, or vice versa as shown.
The device described thus far can be operated manually to provide a uniform layer of glue of any desired width on the Wrapper sheet. Commencing at a point where the glue spreading head is located at one end of glue spreading roller 16, and glue roller 7 are in contact, glue roller 7 is rotated by a motor, not shown, whereupon glue spreading roller 16 is rotated. Lateral movement of glue spreader 22 is then commenced and, at any desired time, the flow of glue is initiated whereupon a layer of glue is begun to be formed on the surface of glue spreading roller 16. The glue flow rate and rate of motion are chosen such that a uniform layer of glue is spread on the surface of glue spreading roller 16 which layer increases laterally in size as the glue spreader moves longitudinally of the roller surface. After the layer is of sufiicient size, the fiow of glue is stopped by closing a valve 220 (FIG. 1) or by stopping pump 22b to provide a first layer of desired extent on glue spreading roller 16. The first layer of glue is simultaneously transferred to glue roller 7 by virtue of the contact therebetween. After the glue flow is terminated, the rollers are kept in contact for at least a short time interval to permit the last portion of fresh glue applied to the glue spreading roller 16 to be applied to the glue roller 7. The glue roller 7 is then disengaged from the glue spreading roller 16 by being moved into the second position 14.
To transfer the glue layer from the glue roller 7 to a wrapper sheet, the appropriate portion of the wrapper sheetthe leading or trailing edge-is introduced between glue roller 7 and back up roller 17. The wrapper is advanced between the rotating rollers to transfer a uniform layer of glue thereto.
It will be seen that the device can provide any width of uniform glue layer on the Wrapper sheet. Thus the device can be operated to provide a glue layer on the leading edge which is less than the width of the wrapper stock, and to provide a full length glue layer for a trailing edge. Thus, the device provides a method and apparatus for applying glue to both the leading and trailing edges 0:; a wrapper sheet without the disadvantages mentioned a ove.
In a preferred form of the invention, the device is provided with means to automatically apply appropriate glue layers to the leading and trailing edges of wrapper sheets. ThlS is accomplished by providing photodetector means to move with the glue spreader to detect the side edges of the wrapper sheet. After the side edge has been detected, the glue fiow is initiated or terminated as the case may be and thus the amount of glue applied to the glue roller is a function of the width of the wrapper sheet. The time between detection of the side edge and initiatron or termination of the glue flow can be set at any desired interval with conventional timers and the timers can be set such that a layer of glue of narrow width is provided on the glue roller when glue is to be transferred to a leading edge, and a wider layer of glue is provided for transfer to a Wrapper sheet. A system for performing these functions is shown diagrammatically in FIG. 1 and in more detail in FIGS. 24.
A photodetector system including a first photolight and photodetector 26 and a second photolight and photodetector 27 is mounted on top of the glue spreader 22 and is moveable therewith. As shown best in FIG. 1, the photo detector system is positioned to direct light to impinge upon a photorefiective surface 28 located between the wrapper supply roll 1 and the wrapper dispenser nip rolls 3 and behind the path of travel of the wrapper stock relative to the photodetector system. The light path is uninterrupted except when the wrapper stock interrupts same. The photodetector system is positioned such that when glue spreader 22 is positioned towards the right (R, FIG. 4) end of the glue spreading roler 16 beyond a point corresponding to the right end of the glue roller 7, the first photolight and photodetector 26 is also located beyond that point. Thus, when the glue spreader is actuated and moved towards the left, the first photodetector will receive light reflected from surface 28 until the light is interrupted by the first side edge of the wrapper. The glue flow is initiated a given time after this interruption of light and may be initiated automatically by the use of a conventional timer T Interruption of the light is indicated by a signal 30, indicated by dashed line, from detector 26 to the timers. Timer T is simply set, in dependence upon the linear velocity of the glue spreader along the glue roller, to start the glue flow at a point corresponding to the point at which it is desired to locate the glue layer on the wrapper sheet. Glue flow is initiated by a signal, indicated as dashed line 31, from timer T to pump 22b. The wrapper sheet is guided from the dispenser past the gluing station to be in proper position when contacted with the glue roller to receive the glue layer in the proper location. In the case of a leading edge, the glue flow is initiated by pump 22b at a point which corresponds to a point inwards of the first edge of the wrapper sheet, while for a trailing edge, the glue flow is initiated at a point corresponding to the first edge of the wrapper sheet. After additional movement of the glue spreader to the left, the photodetector will re-detect light reflected from sur face 28 after the light passes the other edge of the wrapper sheet. The glue flow is terminated a given time after this light is re-detected and may be terminated automatically by a conventional timer T Timer T is set to terminate the glue fiow by signal 30 to pump 22b at any desired point which will be inwards of the wrapper sheet side edge in the case of a leading edge and at the side edge in the case of a trailing edge. The glue spreader continues its motion to the left until it reaches a limit switch which readies the glue spreader for a return cycle. On the return cycle, the first photodetector system 26 is de-activated and a second system 27 is activated and used as in the case of the first system, to apply a uniform layer of glue onto the glue roller for transfer to a wrapper sheet. Timers T and T are conveniently used for the return cycle in the same manner indicated for timers T and T but using a signal 30 from photodetector 27. It is convenient to utilize a first traverse of the glue spreader to apply a relatively narrow width of glue for a leading edge and a second, opposite, traverse to apply a wider width for a trailing edge. Operation of the device in this manner to apply glue to the leading and trailing edges of a wrapper sheet will now be described with reference to FIG. 5, which depicts the various stages of the process in diagram form.
With the glue spreader 22 at its right-hand position (Stage 1A) the gluing device is actuated by moving glue roller 7 into contact with glue spreading roller 16, rotating glue roller 7 which causes rotation of glue spreading roller 16, activating first photodetector means 26, and moving glue spreader 22 to the left. The first photolight 26 is directed to reflective surface 28 located in the wrapper dispenser station as best shown in FIG. 1. When the photolight is interrupted by wrapper sheet 2 in the dispenser, station (1B) a timer is started and after a set time, the glue flow is initiated (IC) either manually or automatically by conventional means. The time is set such that the glue flow starts at a point corresponding to a point inward of the side edge of the wrapper sheet a distance d which distance is chosen to be at least suflicient to prevent glue from running out over the edge of the paper roll when the glued leading edge of a wrapper sheet is applied to a paper roll. When the light is remade by passing the other side edge of the wrapper stock at the dispenser station, a second timer is initiated (ID) and, after a set time has passed, the flow of glue is terminated (IE) again at a point a distance d inwards of the other side edge of the wrapper sheet. At this point, a uniform layer of glue 29 having the desired width has been provided on glue spreading roller 16 which layer is simultaneously transferred to the glue roller 7 to provide a glue layer 30 thereon available for transfer to the leading edge of a wrapper sheet. The glue spreader 22 continues its motion to the left until it reaches its limit position at which a second photolight 27 is directed at surface 28 outside the left edge of the wrapper sheet 2. When the spreader reaches its limit position, the spreader stops, the first photodetector 26 is deactivated and roller 7 retracts back to the position shown in (IA). Rotation of roller 7 may stop if desired. The reversing motor used to drive the glue spreader is also conveniently reversed at this time in preparation for the return cycle. A conventional limit switch may be provided to perform these functions automatically.
To apply the glue layer 30 to the leading edge of a wrapper sheet, the wrapper dispenser rolls 3 are activated to advance the leading edge through the gluing station at which time the glue roller 7 is moved into contact with the wrapper (IG) sheet to transfer the glue layer thereto. This is conveniently done automatically by means of a timer started by activation of the wrapper dispenser rolls. After the glue has been transferred to the leading edge of the wrapper, the glue roller 7 is retracted, conveniently controlled by a timer, into its second position 14 shown in FIG. 2 out of contact with both the wrapper sheet and the glue spreading roller. The gluing device is now ready to begin the second gluing stage to provide glue for the trailing edge of the wrapper sheet.
The glued leading edge of the wrapper is advanced into the nip of the unwrapped paper roll being rotated by wrapping drums 33 and the glued leading edge carries the wrapper around the roll.
The glue roller 7 of the gluing device will then be provided with a layer of glue for the trailing edge in a manner similar to the leading edge layer, except that the device employs a second photodetector system 27 and the timers are set to give a wider layer 31 on the glue spreader roll to provide a glue layer 32 on the glue roller which is substantially the same width as the wrapper sheet. At the l mit posltion of the glue spreader (.II'F) the first photolight is directed at surface 28 outside of the right edge of the wrapper sheet 2.
After an appropriate length of wrapper sheet has been dispersed, the cutter 4 is actuated the dispenser rolls 3 deactivated, and the glue roller 7 is moved into engagement with back up roller 17 to transfer glue to the trailing edge of the wrapper sheet. Both operations may be done manually but are preferably done automatically by a timer which is actuated when the dispenser rolls are actuated, and is conveniently the same timer used to activate the leading edge gluing operation. Alternatively, the trailing edge gluing sequence can be initiated manually by a swltch which will initiate a timer and cause the gluing roller to engage the trailing edge of the wrapper sheet. After a set time, the timer actuates the cutter 4, stops dispenser rolls 3, and retracts the gluing roller 7.
A doctor blade may be provided to contact glue roller 7 at any convenient time to scrape excess glue therefrom. The doctor is conveniently used after an edge is glued when the glue roller 7 is in position 14 out of contact with both the wrapper sheet and the glue spreading roller 16. A similar doctor blade can be provided for the glue spreading roller.
As mentioned above, it is not necessary to employ two gluing rollers although this arrangement is preferred to provide a more uniform glue layer on the wrapper sheet. In the event that a single roller is used, the photodetector system can be the same as that described above.
While the invention has been described in detail in connection with preferred embodiments hereof, it is to be understood that variations and modifications can be effected within the spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A method of applying glue to the leading and trailing edges of a wrapper sheet which moves relative to a glue applying station which process comprises the steps of applying a first portion of glue to a rotating roller by laterally traversing the rotating roller with a stream of glue directed on said roller from a first point laterally inwards of a first end of said roller to a second point laterally inwards of the other end of said rotating roller to provide a first layer of glue on said rotating roller, said first layer being less in width than the width of said wrapper sheet; applying said glue of said first layer to the leading edge of said wrapper sheet at said glue applying station to provide an area of glue thereon which does not extend to either side edge of said wrapper sheet; applying a second portion of glue to a rotating roller by laterally traversing the rotating roller with said stream of glue directed on said rotating roller to provide a second layer of glue on said rotating roller, said second layer being substantially equal in width to the width of said wrapper sheet; and applying the glue of said second layer to the trailing edge of said wrapper sheet at said glue applying station to provide an area of glue thereon which extends to the side edges of said wrapper sheet.
2. A method according to claim 1 wherein said first and second layers of glue are each applied directly from said rotating roller, respectively, to the leading and trailing edges of said wrapper sheet.
3. A method according to claim 1 wherein said first and second layers of glue are each transferred from a rotating roller to a further rotating roller from which said first and second layers of glue are applied, respectively, to the leading and trailing edges of said wrapper sheet.
4. A method according to claim 1 comprising the further step of removing remaining glue from said rotating roller after disengaging said rotating roller from the trailing edge of the wrapper sheet.
5. A method according to claim 1 wherein the first layer of glue is applied by lateral traversal in a first direction and wherein the second layer of glue is applied by lateral traversal in an opposite direction.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,604,067 7/1952 Richmond et al. 118262 2,631,643 3/1953 Schueler 118262 X 2,676,764 4/1954 Aulen 24256 R 2,726,174 12/1955 Friel et al. ll7111 R 3,063,408 11/1962 Gustafson 118243 X 3,172,612 3/1965 Besserdich 24256 X FOREIGN PATENTS 84,109 2/1957 Netherlands 118-259 1,038,212 8/1966 Great Britain.
WILLIAM D. MARTIN, Primary Examiner S. P. BECK, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
7 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Dat Auqust 27. 1974 Patent No. 3 832, 213
Inventor(s) Lawrence A. Brenner It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
In the heading:
The correct spelling of the inventor's last: name is -Brenner Signed and sealed this 5th day of November 1974.
(SEAL) Attest: mm- M. GIBSON JR. 0. MARSRALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissxoner of P at em: 8
F po'mso (069) USCOMM-DC 60376-P69 i ".5. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE I 1,. 0"!"33,