US 3869924 A
A device for transmitting accurate translational and rotary movements includes a rotary input shaft on which is mounted a rotary driving cam which is engaged with a pivotal follower carried on a lever which is pivotally mounted at its one end and has said follower intermediate its length so that the lever is moved backwardly and forwardly. The lever carries a drive roller at its outer end which engages in an annular slot of a disc carried on an output shaft and oscillation of the lever by movement of the cam causes a back and forward axial displacement of the output shaft. Rotary movement is imparted to the output shaft after it first moves through a path in which it is constrained against rotary movement by two roller members which are carried on a fixation piece affixed to the shaft and which are guided on respective sides of an elongated keyway of the housing. The rollers move out of engagement with the keyway after a pinion gear carried on the shaft is moved into meshing engagement with a rack which is carried on a slide which is mounted for movement backwardly and forwardly on one or more guide rods. The slide also carries a follower which is moved by a different cam part and, when it is in meshing engagement with the pinion gear, it produces a controlled rotation of the output shaft. A ribbed barrel cam is employed for effecting accurate rotational movement of the output shaft through the use of two roller followers arranged on respective sides of the ribbed cam and which are preloaded against the cam. The rack is arranged so that it is at a slight angle in respect to the horizontal so that it provides an easy entry of the sliding rotatable pinion gear and meshes therewith without interference after engagement.
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States Patent [191 Beezer DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING ACCURATE TRANSLATIONAL AND ROTARY MOVEMENTS  Inventor: Earl F. Beezer, Hillsdale, NJ.
 Assignee: Stelron Cam Company, Saddle Brook, NJ.
 Filed: Feb. 11, 1974 ] Appl. No.: 441,489
Primary Examiner-Wesley S. Ratliff, Jr.
 ABSTRACT A device for transmitting accurate translational and rotary movements includes a rotary input shaft on which is mounted a rotary driving cam which is engaged with a pivotal follower carried on a lever which is pivotally mounted at its one end and has said follower intermediate its length so that the lever is [451 Mar. 11, 1975 .moved backwardly and forwardly. The lever carries a drive roller at its outer end which engages in an annular slot of a disc carried on an output shaft and oscillation of the lever by movement of the cam causes a back and forward axial displacement of the output shaft. Rotary movement is imparted to the output shaft after itfirst moves through a path in which it is constrained against rotary movement by two roller members which are carried on a fixation piece affixed to the shaft and which are guided on respective sides of an elongated keyway of the housing. The rollers move out of engagement with the keyway after a pinion gear .carried on the shaft is moved into meshing engagement with a rack which is carried on a slide which is mounted for movement backwardly and forwardly on one or more guide rods. The slide also carries a follower which is moved by a different cam part and, when it is in meshing engagement with the pinion gear, it produces a controlled rotation of the output shaft. A ribbed barrel cam is employed for effecting accurate rotational movement of the output shaft through the use of two roller followers arranged on respective sides of'the ribbed cam and which are preloaded against the cam. The rack is arranged so that it is at a slight angle in respect to the horizontal so that it provides an easy entry of the sliding rotatable pinion gear and meshes therewith without interference after engagement.
12 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENTED MAR I I I975 8M1 2 UF 4 FIG.2
DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING ACCURATE TRANSLATIONAL AND ROTARY MOVEMENTS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates in general to the construction of automatic motion transmitting machines and, in particular, to a new and useful device for transmitting accurate translational and rotary movements to an output shaft from a rotary input shaft.
2. Reference to Prior Issued Patent The present invention is an improvement over the invention disclosed and claimed in US. Pat. No. 3,731,545 by the present inventor in respect to the means for controlling the rotational movement of the output shaft and in respect to the construction which permits a wider selection of the start and stopping of the rotational movement.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART As indicated in US. Pat. No. 3,731,545, it is known to provide a mechanism for transmitting accurate translational and rotary movements from a rotary input shaft to an output shaft. With the known device, the movement is transmitted from rotary cams on the input shaft to effect a translatory movement of the output shaft or a shifting of the output shaft in an axial direction. The apparatus includes means for guiding the shaft axially so as to prevent its rotation until a driving pinion on the output shaft is moved into meshing engagement with a quadrant gear. A device of this character operates satisfactorily to produce most rotational and translatory movements, but in some instancesit is desirable that the rotary drive be effected through means which will ensure an easier means for engaging and disengaging the drive gears and for providing engagement without teeth interference and through a drive system which operates with a minimum of friction and play. In addition, it is desirable that the operation of the output shaft can be effected through a complete 360 rotational range and that the starting and stopping position may be controlled at will so that no mechanical disadvantages result by starting a particular angle of position of the output shaft.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides an improved device for transmitting accurate translational and rotary movement to an output shaft from a rotary input shaft, which includes a slide which is movable backwardly and forwardly and which carries a rack gear which engages with a pinion on the output shaft after the output shaft is first guided for linear axial movement by roller elements which bear against respective opposite sides of an elongated key. The rack slide advantageously includes a roller follower which is preloaded against a ribbed cam of a barrel cam so that it moves precisely and without play. The rack itself is cocked at a very slight angle to allow entry of the pinion gear which moves with the cam in an axial direction and which rotates after engagement with the rack. This allows the entry of the sliding rotating gear at appropriate times without teeth interference and effects a slight pitch line interference when the rack and gear are in engagement in order to eliminate gear and rack backlash. The slide carrying the rack moves backwardly and forwardly on linear ball bearings in order to minimize friction. All
play is eliminated between the various parts which control the rotation of the output shaft and this is very important in actual operation since accurate rotary positioning is of paramount importance.
The invention is kinematically an improvement over the prior art because of the construction which permits easy interengagement of the rotary pinion on the rotatable output shaft with the driving rack and the beginning and end of rotation are constrained with no mechanical disadvantage. The start and stop position may be at any angular position so that the control of the starting and stopping is not difficult.
In accordance with a further feature of the invention, the holding plate carrying constraining rollers which engage with an elongated axially extending keyway to constrain the shaft against rotation when it is not meshed with the rack, are such that the operation of rotation may be carried out through 360 of movement and the starting-and stopping of the rotational movement may be effected at any designed angle. The construction is such that there is no requirement that the shaft be returned to its original starting position before its axial and rotational movements are begun.
Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide an improved device for transmitting accurate translational and rotary movement which includes an output shaft which is rotatable and axially movable under the control .of a rotatable cam and which includes a rack gear driving through a pinion gear contained on the output shaft,
A further object of the invention is to provide a device for transmitting accurate translational and rotary movement which includes an output shaft which is axially displaceable and which is held against rotation by one of a plurality of angularly spaced pairs of position rollers which bear on respective opposite sides along the edges of a key which is affixed to a housing for the shaft and which also includes a pinion gear on the shaft which is moved into engagement with a rack on a slide after the output shaft moves a predetermined amount in an axial direction, the rack having a pitch which is cocked at a very slight angle to allow easy entry of the pinion gear on the output shaft which moves into engagement therewith and without teeth interference and also provides a slight pitch line interference to eliminate gear and rack backlash when the two gears are engaged.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved motion transmitting device which includes a slide which is guided for back and forth movement on linear ball bearings and which includes roller followers which may be preloaded against respective side edges of a ribbed barrel cam in order to transmit precise movements without play or backlash to a rotary output shaft.
A further object of the invention is to provide a motion transmitting device which is simple in design, rugged in construction and economical to manufacture.
For an understanding of the principles of the invention, reference is made to the following description of a typical embodiment thereof as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the Drawings:
FIG. 1 is a front top perspective view with a portion of the housing broken away of-a motion transmitting device constructed in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is a section taken along the line 22 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a section taken alongthe line-3-3 of FIG.
FIG. 4 is a section taken alongthe line 4-4 of FIG.
FIG. 4ais a section taken along the line 4a4a of FIG. 4; 5
FIG. 5 is a timing-diagram for the operation of the de- FIG. 6 is a timing diagram for a back and forth oscillation of the output shaft; and
FIG. 7 isa timingdiagram for effecting continuous intermittent rotation and lift of the output shaft.
DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings in particular, the invention embodied therein, comprises a motion transmitting device including a housing, generallydesignated 10, of a block-shaped configuration having a rounded end portion 10a and with a front wall 12 in which is rotatably mounted an input shaft 14. The input shaft extends to the interior space 16 of the housing where it carries earns 17 and 18. The cam 17 is a plate or disc cam, and it has an interior face 17a with a cam groove 17b which is engaged by a roller follower 20 of'an oscillatable drive lever 22. Drive lever 22 is secured to a shaft 24 which is journalled in front wall 12 and rear wall 23 close to a bottom wall 25. The upper end of lever 22 includes a drive member 22a which engages in annular groove 26a of a control disc 26 which is affixed to output shaft 28. The output shaft 28 is journalled in the recirculating linear ball bearing bushings 30 and 32 carried in respective side walls 34 and 36. Ball bearing bushings 30 and 32 are combination rolling and linear bearings and ensure an easy and accurate guidingof the shaft 28. When input shaft 14 is rotated, it causes rotation of cam 17 and oscillation of lever 22 through engagement of the follower 20 in control groove or cam 17b, and this causes drive member 22a to produce a back and forward axial sliding movement of output shaft 28, in the directions indicated by the double arrow 38.
In accordance with a feature of the invention, output shaft 28 is imparted with a controlled rotational movement in addition to its controlled translatory movement, by a cam driving mechanism including the cam 18, which comprises a ribbed barrel cam having an outstanding ribbed cam portion 180. Ribbed cam portion 18a imparts a controlled movement to a slide, generally designated 40, which is guided on linear ball bearings for front and back movement substantially parallel to input shaft 14 on rods 43 and 44, which are supported in front wall 12 and rear wall 23, respectively. Slide may be guided very accurately and without any loss of motion or inaccuracy because of the use of the linear ball bearings and also because it includes drive rollers 40a and 40b which engage against respective sides of the ribbed cam portion 18a and may be preloaded in engagement therewith so as to eliminate all backlash and shake.
In accordance with a further feature of the invention, the slide 40 carries a drive gear in the form of a rack 46 which meshes with a pinion gear 48 carried on output shaft 28.
As shown in FIGS; 1 and 2, the pinion 48 is moved into engagement-with rack 46 when output shaft 28 is moved substantially to the end'of its linear movement and this engagement is effected before output shaft 28 is moved out of association with its linear guiding means, generally designated 50.
In accordance with a further feature of the invention, the rack 46 is carried on slide 40 in a manner such that it makes a small angle 0 in respect to gear 48, so that it is cocked at this very slight angle to allow easy entry of gear 48 when output shaft 28 is moved to effect this interengagement. The interengagement occurs without teeth interference, but when the gears are fully in mesh, they have a slight pitch line interference between them, in order to eliminate gear and rack backlash. Slide 40 carries linear ball bearings 52 and 54, which engage rods 43 and 44, respectively-With the construction, all friction is minimized, and the play between the parts is eliminated so that the rotation of output shaft 28 is controlled very accurately. This is a very important consideration when a device is employed for accurately placing various machine parts or operating parts independent on both the linear and rotational movements of the output shaft 28.
In accordance with another feature of the invention, output shaft 28 is guided by shaft linear guiding means so that it moves axially without rotation except when the gear 48 is engaged with rack 46. Guiding means 50 includes an axially elongated key 56 which is secured to the curved portion of the housing 10a in a position to overlie shaft 28 on the side thereof opposite to earns 17 and 18. Guiding means 50 includes a control plate or disc, generally designated 58, which, as shown in FIG. 4, has a rounded outer circumference 60 with a plurality of flats in this case four 60a, 60b, 60c and 60d, which are provided for mounting pairs of positioning or holding rollers 62 and 64, which are mounted so that when in operation, they bear against respective sides of the key 56. As shown in FIG. 4, the control plate 58 is provided with the plurality of flats which may be set by design in order to achieve a plurality of positions in which the output shaft 28 to which it is affixedmay be .held when it is moved linearly. In the four positions shown in FIG. 4, the separating angles between the various centers of the flats are indicated. In order to provide for a further variation of the positioning of the shaft when it is moved linearly, an additional key, such as a key 56a, may also be provided, which, as indicated, is located 30 away from key 56.
The construction of a control plate 58 which permits the various output shaft guidance arrangements provides an improved kinematic arrangement for the mechanism for controlling both'the translatory and rotary movement of output shaft 28. The arrangement ensures that there will be no mechanical disadvantage due to the requirement that the beginning or end of rotation of the shaft be effected at a predetermined angular position thereof. Due to this arrangement, it is assured that there will be no starting or stopping at a disadvantageous position in respect to the operating cams l7 and 18 and there will be no limitations in respect to the angular position to an end 66a of an operational arm which is affixed to the output shaft 28.
Thus, with the inventive arrangement, there is no requirement that the arm 66 be returned to a starting position before it is moved on its next cycle. The mechanism is capable of operating in this manner, but it is also possible with the arrangement, to complete a full 360 arc of rotation and to effect a large variation of discrete angular incremental movements of shaft 28 and hence, the arm 66, as desired. An example of such movements may be: two positions 180; four positions 90; five positions 72; six positions 60, and by adding a second lock key, such as lock key 5611 shown in FIG. 4, there may be additional positions up to 8, 10, or 12, for example. The number of positions can be increased by making the component parts larger to accommodate more guide rollers 62 and 64.
Rollers 62 and 64 may be pre'loaded against key 56, and for this purpose, at least one roller, e.g. roller 64, is eccentrically mounted on a rotatable shaft 63 by a roller bearing collar 65. Shaft 63 is rotated to effect tight loading engagement of roller 64 on key 56 and then it is locked in position such as by a clamp (not shown) engageable with a flat on the shaft and thus all possibility of shake is eliminated from the mechanism.
The arrangement of the invention also makes it possible for the unit to operate as an oscillating device or function as an intermittently rotating device. In addition, the device may be used to effect rotation of the output shaft 28 to an angle of rotation such as 37 or 129 since the ribbed cam 18 produces a stroke movement which is a direct function of the required gear pitch line distance corresponding to the required angle of oscillation.
The intermittent rotation of the device is accomplished by returning the rack 46 to its starting position at a time when it is out of contact with pinion gear 48 so that the next engagement can provide a continuous rotation in the same direction. It is necessary that an integral number of teeth of the rack 46 and the pinion gear 48 go into and out of engagement during each interengagement and to do this, the following table illustrates how this may be accomplished:
NO. NO. OF
OF TEETH ON NO. OF ANGLE OF TEETH ROTATE REVO- POSlTlONS ROTA INDEX GEAR LU- TlON TlON 2 180 l 2 Teeth 24 Teeth /2 4 90 do. 48 do. /4) 6 72 8 do. 40 do. (1/5) 6 60 8 do. 48 do. (1/6) 8* 45 6 do. 48 do. (Va) 10* 36 44 do. 40 do. (mo) 12* 4 do. 48 d0. (1/12) Cam stroke /2 that of 4. 5, 6 Positions.
In FIG. 5, a cam timing diagram is indicated for effecting intermittent rotation. It is possible to provide a standard unit which offers a predetermined linear movement of shaft 28 for a certain amount of degrees of timing of the cam and an oscillating movement with a different predetermined degree of timing if desired. The mechanism is such that it is a simple matter to effect a changing of the timing which may be effected by rotation of the input shaft. For example, the standard gearing may be with a 1:1 ratio for a certain amount of degrees of transfer of the oscillating arm 66 or with a 2:1 ratio for another predetermined amount of degrees of movement.
Additionally, FIGS. 6 and 7 show timing diagrams for, respectively, effecting a back and forth oscillation movement of the output shaft and a progressive intermittent complete rotational movement and lift of the output shaft.
While a specific embodiment of the invention has been shown and described in detail to illustrate the application ofthe principles of the invention, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.
What is claimed is:
l. A motion transmitting device, comprising a rotary input shaft having rotary control cam means thereon, a rotary and axially movable output shaft having a pinion gear thereon, means supporting said input shaft for rotary movement and said output shaft for rotary and axial movement, a lever engaged with said cam means and said output shaft and being movable by said cam means to shift said output shaft axially, rotary drive means connected to said cam means and including a drive gear moved by said cam means engageable with said pinion gear to rotate said output shaft when it is in a predetermined axial position, said pinion gear being disengageable from said drive gear to permit axial movement without rotation, and holder means to hold said output shaft against rotation at positions of said output shaft when said pinion gear is out of engagement with said drive gear and to permit easy interengagement of said gears including at least one key elongated in the axial direction of said shaft and fixed in said housing and a control plate affixed to said shaft for rotation therewith having a plurality of circumferentially spaced pairs of transversely spaced guide rollers adapted to bear along respective sides of said key to hold the said output shaft in a fixed angular position during its linear movement.
2. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 1, wherein said control plate has a periphery with a plurality ofcircumferentially spaced flat chordal mounting surfaces for each of said sets of guide rollers.
3. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 1, wherein said drive gear comprises a rack, a slide carrying said rack, means in said housing for guiding said slide backwardly and forwardly.
4. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 3, wherein said cam means includes a separate disc cam and ribbed barrel cam with an outwardly projecting cam rib, said slide having a roller which is preloaded against each side of said cam rib whereby said slide is moved without play backwardly and forwardly.
5. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 4, wherein said rack gear is cocked at a small angle in respect to said pinion gear in order to permit easy interengagement thereof and to provide a slight pitch interference during engagement so as to eliminate gear backlash.
6. A motion transmitting device comprising a housing, a rotary input shaft rotatably mounted in said housing, a rotary and axially movable output shaft mounted in said housing for rotatable and axial movement, a lever pivoted in said housing and having a drive member engaged with said output shaft to move it axially backwardly and forwardly, cam means on said input shaft including a first cam portion engageable with said lever to oscillate it backwardly and forwardly in a second cam portion, a slide, means in said housing for guiding said slide from backward and forward movement transverse to the axis of said output shaft, a pinion gear carried on said output shaft at a fixed location along its length and being engageable with said rack at a predetermined axial position of said output shaft, said slide having follower means engaged with said second cam portion and being movable by rotation of said second cam portion backwardly and forwardly, and holder means to hold said output shaft against rotation at positions of said output shaft when said pinion gear is out of engagement with said drive gear and to permit easy interengagement of said gears.
7. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 6, wherein said second cam portion comprises a barrel cam having an outwardly projecting rib cam portion, said slide having a roller engaged with each side surface of said ribbed cam portion and comprising said follower means.
8. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 7, wherein said first cam portion comprises a disc cam having a side face with a cam groove therein, said lever having a follower intermediate its length engaged in said cam groove.
9. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 6, wherein said holder means comprises an elongated key affixed in said housing and extending along the axis of said shaft, 21 control plate affixed to said shaft having at least one set of transversely spaced rollers of a size to bear tightly against each side of said key in positions 8 of said shaft when said pinion gear is out of engagement with said rack. V
,10. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 6, wherein said input'shaft is mounted with its axis extending transversely to the axis of said output shaft, said cam means comprising a disc cam forming said first cam portion and a ribbed barrel cam forming said second cam portion, said lever follower being engaged with said disc cam, said slide carrying said rack having a roller engaged on respective sides of said ribbed barrel cam, said rack gear being cocked at a small angle in respect to said pinion gear for facilitating intermeshing engagement thereof and engagement Without backlash during full engagement.
1]. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 10, including a control disc on said output shaft having an annular groove in its circumference, said driver of said lever engaging into said groove, said output shaft and said slide being mounted in linear ball bearings for respective axial movements thereof, said plate having a plurality of circumferentially spaced pairs of holding rollers engageable with said key in accordance with the angular position of said output shaft.
12. A motion transmitting device, according to claim 11, wherein there are a plurality of keys in said housing extending axially in respect to said output shaft.
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