|Número de publicación||US3881464 A|
|Tipo de publicación||Concesión|
|Fecha de publicación||6 May 1975|
|Fecha de presentación||4 Dic 1972|
|Fecha de prioridad||9 Dic 1971|
|También publicado como||DE2259582A1, DE2259582B2, DE2259582C3|
|Número de publicación||US 3881464 A, US 3881464A, US-A-3881464, US3881464 A, US3881464A|
|Inventores||Levene Max Moses|
|Cesionario original||Levene Max Moses|
|Exportar cita||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citas de patentes (14), Citada por (54), Clasificaciones (11)|
|Enlaces externos: USPTO, Cesión de USPTO, Espacenet|
I United States Patent 1191 1111 3,881,464 Levene 1 May 6, 1975  SAMPLING DEVICE AND METHOD 2,955,591 10/1960 MacLean 128/2 B 3,032,236 5/1962 Lewis et a1... 128/269 X [761 Y 46 Cranky 3,352,299 11 1967 Sagir0g1u...... 128/2 B Gardens, Keflsmgmm L0nd0n 3,411,979 11/1968 Lewis, Jr....... 15/159 A x En land 3,503,089 3 1970 Coneway 15 160 I 3,512,518 5/1970 Mishkin et a1. 128/2 B  1972 3,513,830 5/1970 Kalayjian 1211/2 w  Appl. No.: 311,817 3,613,644 10/1971 Willson et a1. 128/2 R 3,626,470 12/1971 Antonides et al.... 128/2 R 3,712,296 1/1973 Gradone 128/2 W  Foreign Application Priority Data 3,774,590 11/1973 McDonald..... l28/2 B Dec 9 971 United Kingdom n 5730 47 3,776,219 12/1973 BIOWfl 128/2 W X 52 us. (:1 128/2 B; 15/159 A; 123/2 w; Primary Y H 128/269 Attorney, Agent, or Fzrm-Bnsebms & Kruger  Int. Cl A6lb 10/00 581 Field of Search 128/2 B, 2 w, 2 R, 269, 1571 ABSTRACT 128/304; 15/145, 160, 159 A A device for obtaining cell and tissue samples, for example for screening for cervical cancer, which com-  References Cited prises a generally conical brush with bristles soluble in UNITED STATES PATENTS a liquid that does not damage the tissues, and a 2,514,665 7/1950 Myller 128/2 B method of the 2,839,049 6/1958 MacLean 128/2 B 3 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure SAMPLING DEVICE AND METHOD This invention relates to a process and device for collecting specimens for diagnostic purposes.
While there has been as yet little progress in developing a cure for various forms of cancer, in the sense of providing pharmaceutical treatment. advances have been made in surgical treatments which rely to a large extent for success on early diagnosis. One example is in uterine cervical cancer where progress has been made by instituting tests of the section of the population at most risk. It is hoped that in future all women will be examined at regular intervals in an attempt to attain early detection of presence of abnormal cells.
At present, between 3 percent and 5 percent of women initially subjected to cytological examination appear to have abnormal cells and have to be examined by histological methods before a firm diagnosis can be made. Many of those so examined are found not to show symptoms of cancer. Apart from the expense and labor involved, the apprehension naturally felt by those called back makes it desirable to avoid a second exarnination. The presently used methods of obtaining samples normally do not remove tissue, or sufficient tissue. from the cervix to enable a histological test to be carried out using the original sample. Further, the area of the cervix from which the sample is collected does not usually extend sufficiently to ensure that abnormal material is collected if it is indeed present.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a device and method whereby sufficient material can be collected at one time to enable both cytological and histological examination to be carried out if necessary.
Accordingly, the present invention provides a device for obtaining cell and tissue samples which comprises a generally conical brush, the bristles of which are soluble in a liquid that does not cause morphological damage to the samples.
Further, the present invention provides a method of obtaining a sample suitable for both cytological and histological examination comprising contacting such a brush with a hollow viscus, for example the uterine cervix. to obtain the sample on the bristles. The bristles may then be contacted with such a liquid, and the liquid containing the sample treated to prepare the sample in a form suitable for at least one of the examinations.
The precise shape and size of the brush will, of course. be determined by the degree of penetration and extent of contact required in a particular case. By the use of a conical brush. of the order of 2.5 to 4 cm height and 2 to 3 cm diameter at base, a large surface area can be contacted at the desired regions.
It will be apparent that the bristles should normally be made of a material that can be sterilized by generally used techniques, as should any support needed for the bristles. It will also be apparent that the brush should be made of materials that are not harmful to the person being examined or to the samples themselves.
Suitable materials include cellulose-based materials, for example Courtauld Dicel Celafibre, which are spun cellulose acetate fibres. Such a brush is of soft but firm texture and is readily soluble in acetone.
The brush is preferably attached to a sterilizable handle from which it may be readily detached. Conveniently, the handle is a straight rod or shaft of length about 12 to l8 cm, having at the end to which the brush is to be attached a gripper mechanism for detachably retaining the brush. At this end there is also preferably provided a generally disk-shaped support member of approximately the same diameter as the base of the brush and slightly concave toward the brush.
Any suitable gripper mechanism may be used, for example a spring-loaded chuck. This can be operated from the other end of the handle whereby contamination is prevented. Alternatively, the brush may be a force fit in or on the handle.
The invention will now be described by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Referring to the drawing:
A metal wire 1, comprising a pair of strands twisted together, acts as a support to bristles (indicated generally by the reference numeral 2), the construction being akin to that of a pipecleaner; the bristles 2 comprise a region 3 of approximately constant diameter extending from one end of the wire 1 to a point about a third of the way along its length; the second region of bristles 4 extends from this point to the other end and is flared outwardly from this point to form a frustocone the maximum diameter of which is about 5 times that of the bristles in the region 3. Attached to the end of the wire carrying the widest bristles is a rod 5 which serves as a handle. The rod 5 has at the attached end a gripper 6 in the form ofa chuck which is operated by a plunger 7 at the other end of the rod. A generally saucer-like support 8 is positioned on the attached end of the rod with its concave side facing the bristles.
In use, the device comprising the brush and the handle is sterilized. the plunger 7 is depressed to open the gripper 6 over the wire 1 and the plunger 7 is then released. The brush is then inserted into the cervix and rotated to obtain the sample. The brush is then released from the gripper into a fixative solution. The fixative solution is then shaken to cause enough cells to be shed from the bristles to enable cytologic preparations to be made for cytological diagnosis. if necessary or desired, the remaining tissue and any remaining cells can be removed from the brush by dissolving it in a suitable solvent to prepare samples for histological diagnosis.
Suitable dimensions for the various parts are as follows:
wire I 3 cm in length; bristle region 3 1 cm in length and 0.5 cm
2 cm in length increasing bristle region 4 in diameter from (1.5 to
I. A method of obtaining from the uterine cervix a sample that is suitable for both cytological and histological examination, which comprises the steps of obtaining from the uterine cervix a sample which contains both tissue and cellular material by contacting said cervix with a generally conical brush having radially projecting bristles made of soft fibres having the firm sample-retaining texture of cellulose acetate. which bristles are soluble in a solvent that does not cause morphological damage to the sample when said bristles and sample are immersed in said solvent. but are insoluble in conventional fixatives for said cells and tissues, immersing the brush having the sample thereon in a fixative for said sample. causing relative agitation between said ing a coaxial handle projecting from its larger end and soft radially projecting bristles of cellulose acetate which are soluble in a liquid that does not cause morphological damage to the sample when said bristles and sample are immersed in said liquid, the narrower end of said brush being surmounted by a portion of substantially constant diameter.
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|Clasificación de EE.UU.||600/569, 604/1, 15/207.2, 604/540|
|Clasificación internacional||A61B10/02, A61B10/00, A61B17/32|
|Clasificación cooperativa||A61B2010/0216, A61B2017/320012, A61B10/0291|